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Botanici in Originali Seu Herbarium Vivum.
In Qvo Plantarvm Tam Indigenarvm Qvam Exoticarvm Pecvliari Qvadam Operosaqve Enchiresi Atramento Impressorio Obdvctarvm Nominibvsqve Svis ad Methodum Illustrium Nostri Aevi Botanicorum Linnaei et Ludwigii insignitarum Elegantissima Ectypa Exhibentur opera et Studio Ioannis Godoredi Trampe. Centur. XII ET VLT. Halle Magdeburgicæ 1765. With 100 handcoloured plates. Folio. [8] pp + plates. Bound in 20th century halfleatherbinding in old style with coloured label and richly gilt on spine. Binding signed Anker Kyster.. Johann Hieronymus Kniphof (24 February 1704, Erfurt - 23 January 1763) was a German physician and botanist.He studied medicine at the Universities of Jena and Erfurt, becoming a professor of medicine at the latter institution in 1737. In 1745 he succeeded Andreas Elias Büchner (1701-1769) as director of the library at Erfurt, two years later being named dean to the faculty of medicine. In 1761 he was chosen as university rector. At Erfurt, he assembled a large and impressive herbarium, about which in 1733, he first published a work with the title of "Botanica in originali", (later releases known as "Botanica in Originali, seu Herbarium Vivum"). Considered to be Kniphof's magnum opus, it would eventually be published in several editions. It was renowned for employing a preparation/printing technique known as "nature printing", which at the time was a little understood process that Kniphof had mastered in order to imprint details of various botanical specimens.The most interesting feature is the way the botanical plates were printed. The plants to be reproduced were dried, flattened and then carefully pressed on inked flat surface then the plants, which had in this way been inked, were pressed on thin but strong paper, which resulted in off-setting of the prominent inked parts. The representations taken from the original plants were then carefully hand colored. The result was excellant and these reproductions could certainly not be bettered by any graphic process. For each specimen used only about five prints could be made maximium due to the wear on each specimen. Thus thousands of specimens were prepared and used to make these prints. Because of the difficult way of printing only a few complete copies were produced. There only seem to survive 10 complete copies with all 1200 plates, including those in Germany, one in the British museum and one in the United States. Fischer #7, Nissen, 1076. (Zuckerartbooks)
      [Bookseller: Peter Grosells Antikvariat]
Last Found On: 2014-10-29           Check availability:      Antikvariat    

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