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Army of the Potomac Surgeon's Diary: Antietam to Chancellorsville
1862 - Autograph Manuscript Signed. Diary. September 26, 1862-June 11, 1863. 46 pp. 4 1/2 x 3". "I rode in company with the President & Staff to review the others."Excellent-contentdiary with daily entries, written by Assistant Surgeon Robert W. Elmer of the 23rd New Jersey Regt., covering his service from September 26, 1862 through July 1, 1863, when he was mustered out. Includes post-battle observations of the Antietam battlefield. Elmer recounts accompanying President Lincoln on his review of the Army of the Potomac on April 8, 1863, and the subsequent bloody combat experienced by General Sedgwick's VI Corps in the Chancellorsville campaign. Elmer writes on May 3, 1863, as Sedgwick drives General Jubal Early's skeleton force off of Marye's Heights in the Battle of Salem Church, an important side engagement during the Battle of Chancellorsville, "The batteries of the Rebs on the hills above Fredericksburg were captured about ten oclock. Our forces then marched through the city & followed them up on the Plank road to Richmond about three miles were there was another severe engagment in which a greater number of our men were killed & wounded than previously. I was kept very busy till late in the evening dressing the wounds. Laid down at night in a field of wheat & slept like a rock till morning." Excerpts"[9/29/62] The regiment went into Washington and lay on the streets all night. There were a number of other regiments in the same column.Slept on a step the best I could. [10/2] The As. Surg. Hetzell remained in Washington to come overland with the ambulances & teams. Surg. Cook got left so I had sole charge to day but having no convenience for the sick, they were taken to the hospital. [10/6] The Colonel was suspended today on charges of drunkenness & ill usage of officers. [10/7] There are a great many sick with diarrhea, measels & colds & c. The worst cases are all taken to the U.S. General Hospital & all who are unfit to march tomorrow are also taken to the hospitals. [10/10] Rode Dr. Cooks horse over the late battlefield at Sharpsburg. Saw terrible destruction. Church riddled, fences & trees shot & c. Graves of many had fallen in battle. The friends removing the bodies of some. [10/11] Dr. Cook is under arrest for drunkenness. [10/16] Heavy cannonading has been heard all day in the direction of Harpers Ferry. The surgeon received a hospital tent today & so we cleared up our tent a little.A petition was sent to headquarters petitioning for the restoration of Dr. Cook to the regiment on oath. To day he was restored & Col. Cox also. [11/2] It does not seem at all like Sunday. Heavy cannonading heard all day beyond the mountains. [11/15] Dr. Hetzell & I rode over to Warrenton . had the pleasure of riding to New Baltimore behind Gen. Sigel & staff. [12/4] I was left to take charge of the sick & get them into the ambulances. There were some twenty five or thirty & not ambulances enough to carry them so that I had a great deal of trouble. What remained of them started on foot but could not get further than the court House. [12/11] The regiment was among those which crossed the Rappahannock below Fredericksburg & met the enemy & after considerable skirmishing for two days they recrossed the river with a loss of 64 in killed wounded & missing. [12/20] This morning ambulances & teams came to remove the sick & tents to their regiments & much to my joy I loaded them all up & sent them off . [1/1/1863] There was nothing particular going on except the men were served a ration of whiskey. Dr. Cook got a gallon & drunk a good share of it himself & as a consequence was somewhat boozy . [1/20] I had 220 patients in charge & making them comfortable & finding something for them to eat was as much as I could attend to. The storm continued for several days. Made the road so bad the army was obliged to return so that on Monday 26th I broke up Hospital & all returned to their regim. (See website for full description) [Attributes: Hard Cover]
      [Bookseller: Seth Kaller Inc.]
Last Found On: 2014-10-10           Check availability:      AbeBooks    

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