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Experimenta Nova (ut vocantur) Magdeburgica de Vacuo Spatio Primùm à R.P. Gaspare Schotto...nunc verò ab ipso Auctore Perfectiùs edita, variisque aliis Experimentis aucta. Quibus accesserunt simul certa quaedam De Aeris Pondere circa Terram; de Virtutibus Mundanis, & Systemate Mundi Planetario; sicut & de Stellis Fixis, ac Spatio illo Immenso, quod tàm intra quam extra eas funditur
Engraved title, fine engraved port. of the author, two double-page engraved plates, & 20 engravings in the text (many full-page). 8 p.l. (including the engraved title), 244, [4] pp., 1 leaf of errata. Folio, cont. calf (small careful repair to upper cover), arms in gilt on upper cover, lower cover with arabesque stamp in gilt, spine gilt with "F v S" stamped in gilt in five compartments, contrasting leather lettering piece. Amsterdam: J. Janssonium a Waesberge, 1672. First edition, and a really fine and handsome copy, of one of the great classics of science. This is the nicest copy of this book I have seen for many years. This book is notable for its importance in the fields of electricity and air pressure and for its account of the discovery of the vacuum pump. Guericke describes here his electrical machine by which he generated the first visible and audible electric discharges (illustrated here). "This remarkable work on experimental philosophy ranks next to Gilbert's in the number and importance of the electrical discoveries described. Electric conduction and repulsion, the discharging power of points, the dissipation of charge by flames, the light due to electrification, the crepitating noises of small sparks are all recognized."­Wheeler Gift Cat. 170. Also described is his famous air-pump with which he created a vacuum, something (or nothing) which had been sought since antiquity. This air-pump became fundamentally important for the study of the physical properties of gases. Guericke was able to demonstrate here that air had weight and determined its density. The applications in meteorology were enormous. Guericke was also a devoted Copernican and this book contains his important astronomical investigations. Contemporary ownership inscription of Rudolph, Graf von Abensperg und Traun, chamberlain of the imperial court on free front endpaper. An earlier member of Rudolph's family was Otto Ferdinand, Graf von Abensperg und Traun, field marshal under Frederick the Great. Dibner, Heralds of Science, 55 (pp. 30 & 67). Dibner, Founding Fathers of Electrical Science, pp. 13-14. D.S.B., V, pp. 574-76. Evans, Exhibition of First Editions of Epochal Achievements in the History of Science (1934), 30. Horblit 44. Sparrow, Milestones of Science, p. 16. .
      [Bookseller: Jonathan A. Hill, Bookseller, Inc.]
Last Found On: 2014-10-02           Check availability:      Biblio    

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