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Memoria sobre a cultura, e preparação do girofeiro aromatico vulgo cravo da India nas Ilhas de Bourbon, e Cayena, extrahida dos Annaes de Chymica (e outras) ?.
Lisbon, Na Offic. de João Procopio Correa da Silva, 1798. - Woodcut Portuguese royal arms on title page. (4 ll.), 31 pp., engraved folding plate, large folding leaf with 2 tables on its recto and 1 on its verso. 8°, mid-twentieth-century half tobacco sheep over marbled boards, spine richly gilt with raised bands in five compartments, burgundy leather lettering pieces in second and fourth compartments (slight rubbing to lettering pieces and bands), vertical gilt fillet on on each cover at edges of leather near the boards, top edges rouged, red silk ribbon place marker, contemporary decorated wrappers bound in. Small to tiny worm trace in lower outer margin of most leaves, never affecting text. A good to very good copy. ---- First and Only Edition in Portuguese of this work on cloves cultivated on the "Islas de Bourbon" (Réunion), Cayenne in French Guiana, and the Molucas. In addition to translating the work into Portuguese, Fr. Velloso provides a six-page dedication to the Príncipe do Brasil, in which he refers to the vast domains of the Amazon in which the clove can be cultivated, increasing greatly the commerce of Portugal. He speaks of other Brazilian fruits, including "Cravo do Maranhão", "Pindaiba" or "Loureiro" (Laurel Tree), called "Pixori grosso e miudo" and its many varieties, including cinnamon from Ceylon, ginger, and various other fruits and spices. Bahia is cited as a place where, due to its warm climate, cultivation of such trees would be efficacious. He goes on to refer to the cultivation of these plants by the French in Mauritius, and to a work already translated and published cataloguing plants from these islands (present in the tables at the end of the work). He concludes by pointing out that he has translated the present work and others already published in hopes that they will inspire Brazilian farmers.The 3 tables are titled, respectively, "Catalogo das Arvores que existem nos Viveiros do Rei da França, para se repartirem pelos moradores das Ilhas de França, e Bourbon ?" which have been sent to the Islands of Cayenne, Martinique, Guadeloupe, and the Seychelles; "Catalogo Das Plantas do Horto público de S. José ? da cidade de Belem de Pará ?" by order of D. Francisco de Sousa Coutinho; and "Catalogo de algumas Plantas exoticas, que podem ir do Brasil."This work is part of the series begun at the instigation of D. Rodrigo de Sousa Coutinho, Minister of State, and edited by Fr. José Mariano da Conceição Velloso (1742?-1811), which aimed at spreading information on new techniques in the arts, industry and agriculture in Portugal and Brazil, by means of translating and publishing recent foreign works on these subjects. Until 1800 the works were printed with government funding at private presses; after that, the short-lived press at Arco do Cego was established specifically to print such works, under the supervision of Velloso. A native of Minas Geraes, Velloso was a Franciscan and a noted botanist in his own right; his @Florae fluminenses, completed in 1790, was the most complete study of Brazilian vegetation. ---- Borba de Moraes (1983) II, 896; @Período colonial, p. 397. Sacramento Blake, V, 67 (without collation; calling for a plate). Innocêncio, V, 56 (calling for a map; no doubt referring to the tables). Gonçalves Rodrigues, @A tradução em Portugal 2144 (without mention of the plate or tables). @Arco do Cego 117 (illustrating the title page of one of the Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal copies, and referring to "2 mapas desdobr." which are in fact the folding leaves containing the tables). Porbase locates two copies, both in the Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal (the record gives a different collation, but the copy examined is the same as ours except that the plate has been colored, and the large folding leaf with the 3 tables has been divided into 2 folding leaves). Not located in Copac. [Attributes: First Edition; Soft Cover]
      [Bookseller: Richard C. Ramer Old and Rare Books]
Last Found On: 2014-08-08           Check availability:      IberLibro    

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