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Autograph letter signed to Napoleon III
Paris 1852 - Roux Writes to Louis Napoleon re Napoleon I Honoring Boyer and BichatRoux, Philibert (1780-1854). Autograph letter signed to Louis Napoleon (1808-73).Paris, February 20, 1852. 1-1/2 pp. plus integral blank. 285 x 204 mm. Minor spotting, pin-holes in blank leaf.Among 19th century French surgeons, Roux is second in importance only to Dupuytren. A pioneer in plastic surgery, Roux is known for his operation to repair defects in the soft palate, described in his "Mémoire sur la staphyloraphie, ou suture du voile du palais" (1825; Garrison-Morton 5741.2). It was in this work that he coined the term "staphylorraphy," and first called attention to submucous cleft palate. He also developed a method for resecting bone, and was the first to suture the ruptured female peritoneum. His letter to Louis Napoleon was written in the same year that Louis Napoleon, the first president of the French Republic, became emperor of France under the name Napoleon III.Roux's letter to Louis Napoleon, President of the second French Republic and later Emperor of France, reads as follows:Veuillez bien agréer l'hommage que j'ai l'honneur de vous faire du discours que j'ai prononcé à la séance solennelle dernière de notre faculté de Médecine du mois de novembre dernier. Sa mission m'avait été confiée par mes collègues de célébrer la mémoire de deux des grandes illustrations du siècle : j'avais à faire l'éloge de deux hommes sur lesquels votre oncle, l'empereur Napoléon, a jeté un grand reflet. L'un des deux, Boyer, dont j'ai été le gendre, était la premier chirurgien de l'empereur ; et Bichat était cet homme de génie mort si prématurément auquel a été élevé par les ordres du premier consul le monument qui vous a été présenté dans le vestibule de l'Hôtel-Dieu lorsqu'à deux reprises vous nous avez fait l'honneur de visiter ce grand établissement consacré au soulagement des infirmités humaines."Please accept the homage which I had the honor to pay you in my speech at the ceremony held by our Faculty of Medicine last November. Its purpose, as entrusted to me by my colleagues, was to celebrate the memory of two major illustrations of the century: I had to deliver elegies to two men glorified by their association with your uncle, the Emperor Napoleon. One of the two, Boyer, whose son-in-law I was, was the emperor's chief surgeon, and Bichat was the man of genius, dead so prematurely, to whom was raised, by order of the First Consul, the monument which you presented in the lobby of the Hôtel-Dieu twice when you did us the honor of visiting this great institution devoted to the relief of human infirmities."The letter mentions two great French medical men: Alexis Boyer (1757-1833), surgeon to Napoleon I, Louis XVIII, Charles X and Louis Philippe; and Marie François Xavier Bichat (1771-1802), the father of modern histology and pathology.
      [Bookseller: Jeremy Norman's historyofscience]
Last Found On: 2014-07-29           Check availability:      AbeBooks    

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