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Over de Continuiteit van den Gas- en Vloeistoftoestand. One of the most famous dissertations in the history of physics
A.W. Sijthoff, Leiden 1873 - A fine copy, in original wrappers, of van der Waals’s classic 1873 dissertation on the continuity of gaseous and liquid states, which introduced the van der Waals equation, an equation of state approximating the behavior of real fluids. This dissertation, one of the most famous in the history of physics, ‘at once put his name among the foremost in science’ (Maxwell)."Van der Waals’ idea of continuity was that there is no essential difference between gaseous and liquid states of matter, although one must consider other factors in addition to motion of the molecules in the determination of pressure. The important factors are the attraction between particles and their proper volume. . . . From these considerations van der Waals arrived at the equation p + a/v2 ) (v-b) = RT where a expresses the mutual attraction of the molecules, and b is their volume. . . . Other experimenters have suggested different models and equations of state, but van der Walls’s model is probably the most useful because it emphasizes the essential features of molecules that determine liquidity, without introducing too many ‘realistic’ complications. . . . An important practical application of the theory is the prediction of conditions necessary for the liquefaction of a gas; this was an important guide in the liquefaction of the ‘permanent’ gases" (Weber, Pioneers of Science, p. 41; see also p. 40)." Van der Waals was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1910 for his work on the equation of state of gases and liquids. The son of a carpenter, van der Waals began his career as a primary school teacher, advancing after additional training to the secondary school level where he became a Headmaster. He received his doctorate at Leiden at the age of 36 with the present dissertation, one of the most famous in the history of physics, and became professor of physics at the University of Amsterdam in 1877. Remarkably he wrote very little after his dissertation - a few articles and a book on thermodynamics co-authored in 1912. His Nobel Prize was awarded for the discovery first published in his dissertation. Parkinson; Breakthroughs, p. 382; Neville, Historical Chemical Library. P. 599; DSB XIV:109. 8vo (229 x 152 mm), pp [viii] 134 [2] and one folding lithographed plate, original grey printed wrappers, uncut and unopened, rear wrapper with a closed tear, capitals with some light chipping, in all a very fine and unrestored copy in its original state. [Attributes: First Edition]
      [Bookseller: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS]
Last Found On: 2014-06-17           Check availability:      AbeBooks    


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