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[NOVUM ORGANUM] INSTAURATIO MAGNA
[London] Londini: Apud Joannem Billium, 1620. [London] Londini: Apud Joannem Billium, 1620. First edition. Second issue with e3 cancelled and previously blank e4 printed with errata and colophon, omitting Norton's name. Folio volume (pages 280 x 184 mm) in an attractive modern binding. Collation of a complete copy: [10], 172, 181-360; 36, [37-38] p. Signatures: [-]; [par.]4; A-C6; D-Ss4; Tt6; a-e4. This copy lacking the first blank and the engraved title page, which has been provided in high quality facsimile (but retaining blank at c4). In addition, the first five leaves are inserted from another first edition copy (with the correct jug watermark). Fortunately, the leaves marry well and the text throughout is generally in excellent condition. Text in Latin.& & "Novum Organum" forms the core of Bacon's "Instauratio," where Bacon proposes a new inductive method of reasoning, critical to the development of the scientific method and to the general advancement of human thought. Bacon writes "...in fact I mean to open up and lay down a new and certain pathway from the perceptions of the senses themselves to the mind." Bacon was one of the first people to challenge the methods of inquiry that had been developed by the Ancient Greeks, and is generally viewed as the inventor of empiricism. (Indeed, the title page of the work, depicting a galleon travelling through the Pillars of Hercules - from the Mediterranean, the home of the Greeks, to the relatively undiscovered Atlantic, illustrates Bacon';s intellectual ambitions perfectly.)& & Bacon was not just a formidable philosopher, but also served as Attorney General and Lord Chancellor of England and was the first scientist to receive a knighthood. His works would have a wide influence on figures as varying as Thomas Browne, Isaac Newton, Leibnitz, and John Stewart Mill. "Where else in the literature before Bacon does one come across a stripped-down natural-historical programme of such enormous scope and scrupulous precision, and designed to serve as the basis for a complete reconstruction of human knowledge..." (The Oxford Frances Bacon) STC 1162. Pforzheimer App. 1. PMM 119.
      [Bookseller: Whitmore Rare Books]
Last Found On: 2014-05-04           Check availability:      Biblio    

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