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Candide, ou l'Optimisme, traduit de l'allemand de Mr. Le Docteur Ralph (Candide, or The Optimist, translated from the German of Dr. Ralph).
Gabriel Cramer, Geneva 1759 - TP + [3]-299. 12 mo. True First Edition of Candide.The True First Edition of Voltaire's Revolutionary Candide - PMM 204The true first edition of Voltaire's immensely readable and still highly entertaining classic, Candide, which has a printing history so complicated that it has taken years to unravel. The book was such a sensation that it was instantly pirated 16 times in the first year of its release. The most comprehensive explanation of the 17 different printings bearing the year 1759 on the title page can be found in Giles Barber's 25- page exposition in Volume 48 of Les Oeuvres Completes de Voltaire (see pp. 86-110) published by The Taylor Institution, Oxford in 1980.Barber describes four issues of 299 pages (the first of which is this first printing offered here), six issues of 237 pages, two of 167 pages, two of 215 pages and three of 176, 190 and 301 pages respectively. The priority of this first 299-page printing done by Cramer of Geneva is now beyond question (Barber's 299G).This copy has all of the required issue points for that first edition, first issue:o the correct 22 ornamental designs called for by Barber (for instance, the ornaments on the title page and on page 279 are different from those used in each of the other three 299-page printings);o page 103, line 4, has the misprint "que ce ce fut" (corrected to "que ce fut" in later editions);o page 125, line 4, has "précisément" (corrected to "précipitamment" in later editions);o the elimination of the paragraph break on page 31;o the rewritten short sentences on page 41 regarding the Lisbon earthquake;o and without the cancelled paragraph (beginning "Candide était affligé ") on page 242A lovely copy of this monumental work in literature, philosophy and the cultural upheaval that was the French Enlightenment. ¾ leather with brown speckled boards. There are four raised bands with gilt banding on the spine along with the title in gilt on a red field. There is one small circular stain (¼") unobtrusively positioned in the top right corner of the title page. Otherwise, a clean, tight and bright copy of this remarkable book, one of the most entertaining classics in the Western Canon. PHOTOS AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST. [Attributes: First Edition]
      [Bookseller: Athena Rare Books ABAA]
Last Found On: 2013-12-03           Check availability:      AbeBooks    

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