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RUSSO-TURKISH WARS: BATTLE OF CHESMA, TURKEY & LEMNOS, GREECE (1770): PLAN DES SCHLOSSES LEMNOS, WELCHES D.4. 8BR. 1770. CAPITULIRTE / PLAN DU CHATEAU DES LEMNOS, QUI CAPITULA CE 4. 8BR. 1770. / BESCHREIBUNG WELCHE DIE ATTAQUE DER RUSSISCHEN MIT DER TÜRKI
Augsburg, . 1771 - Copper engraving with original hand colour (Very good, excellent original colour and strong engraving impression, a tiny tear in the fold) 62 x 53 cm (24.4 x 20.9 inches). A rare broadside map depicting the Battle of Chesma in Turkey and Lemnos in Greece (1770), fought during the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774. - This rare and highly attractive separately-issued maps with stunning original colour were printed on one sheet and were originally meant to be separated.The upper map shows the surrender of Myrina (Kastro) on the Greek island Lemnos on Ocrober 4 1770. The In city was besieged for 60 days by Count Orlov during the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774. When the fortress surrendered, the Ottoman fleet attacked the Russian vessels in Mudros Bay and forced the Russians to withdraw on October 24.The lower map depicts the action of the Battle of Chesma (Çe?me, 1770), a momentous victory by the Russian Navy over the maritime forces of the Ottoman Empire. The battle marked a turning point in that it hailed the fall of Turkish maritime hegemony over the Aegean and the Black seas and the rise of the Russia as an international naval power. The battle was one of the two greatest events of the Russo-Turkish War of 1768 – 1774, a critical conflict that gave Russia control of the Crimea and parts of the Caucuses.The Battle of Chesma and Lemnos occurred within the context of the Russo-Turkish War of 1768 - 1774. The war was the latest in a series of conflicts between the Ottoman Empire and Russia, which revolved around control of what is now the Ukraine.The last major contest between the Ottomans and Russia was the indecisive Russo-Turkish War of 1736-9, during which the Russians captured much of the Crimea and southern Ukraine, but inevitably failed to hold the territory due to inadequate supply lines. The present war was seen as something of a rematch of this earlier conflict. When Turkey and Russia went to war in 1768, on paper the Turkish side seemed to be the stronger party. Russia had been drained by its unsuccessful role in the Seven Years’ War (1756-63) and her ruler, Catherine the Great (reigned 1762-1796), was considered to be untested in major foreign conflicts. Russia’s Navy was small and poorly equipped and it would seem that Russia was destined to suffer the same sort of logistical breakdown that doomed her earlier campaigns against the Turks. On the other side, Turkey had much larger land and naval forces, all of which very much in tact since the Ottomans had not fought a major foreign war since 1747. However, the Russians had recently recruited Dutch and British veteran officers to advise her navy, including Captain Jan Hendrik van Kinsbergen (who in 1773 conducted the first scientific mapping of the Crimea) and Admiral John Elphinstone (Orlov’s second-in-command at Chesma). These advisors introduced groundbreaking battle tactics and training procedures that were light-years ahead of anything seen around the Black and Aegean seas. Moreover, the Russian generals took the lessons of the previous war to heart and paid much more attention to their supply lines.While not recognized at the beginning of the war, the two decades of peace had ensured that the Turkish army and navy were atrophied, inexperienced and over-confident. Also, Istanbul had not invested enough in new technology, giving the Russians an edge in this respect for the first time. Moreover, the Ottoman Grand Vizier Mehmed Emin Pasha proved to be an almost comically incompetent military leader.While the result of the Battle of Chesma ensured Russian naval dominance, the Russians also enjoyed great success with regards to their territorial campaigns. They surged into the Southern Ukraine, Crimea and Moldavia and inflicted a crushing defeat on the main Turkish army at the Battle of Kagul on August 1, 1770. Making matters worse for the Ottomans, they were facing attacks from Persia to their east, as well as internal rebellions, most notably in Syria and Greece (the lat
      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Dasa Pahor]
Last Found On: 2018-02-27           Check availability:      ZVAB    

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