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Don Luigi De Benavides Carillio, E Toledo Marchese Di Fromista E Caracena... Aka Luis Francisco De Benavides Carrillo De Toledo, Marquis Of Caracena, Marquis Of Fromista ( Original Antique Engraving From Historia Di Leopoldo Cesare, Continente Le Cose Piu Memorabili Successe In Europa, Dal 1656 Fino Al 1670.)
Wien / Vienna: Giovanni. Battista Hacque/ Hacque, Johann Baptist Circa 1670-1674, 1670. 1st Edition 1st Printing. No Binding. Very Good. Original Engraving By Bianchi After A Drawing By Cesare Fiori. Original Engraving, Circa 1663, Signed "Bianchi Scul." And "Cesare Fiori A Delin."; Possibly Pietro Bianci (-1690), The Painter, Or Another Bianci Active In The Early 18Th Century. Apparently A Leaf From A Collection Of Portraits. Part Of A Large Collection Of Original Antique Engravings Formed By A Southern California Artist In The Early To Middle Twentieth Century. Each Plate Has Small Glue Marks On Reverse Where They Were Tipped In To An Album. Luis Francisco De Benavides Carrillo De Toledo, Marquis Of Caracena, Marquis Of Fromista ( 1608 In Valencia - 1668 In Madrid) Was A Spanish General And Political Figure. Raised In A Noble Spanish Family, He Made A Career In The Army During The Many Battles In Italy And Flanders Between 1629 And 1659. He Conquered The Fortress Of Casale Monferrato In 1652. He Was Governor Of Milan Between 1648 And 1656. After The Defeat Of John Of Austria The Younger In The Battle Of The Dunes (1658), Caracena Was Appointed To Succeed Him As Governor Of The Hapsburg Netherlands Between 1659 And 1664. After The Conclusion Of The Treaty Of The Pyrenees, The Hapsburg Netherlands Saw A Period Of Relative Peace. Despite This Fact, Governing Wasn't Easy For Caracena, Since By Then Various Wars Had Pushed Spain To The Brink Of Bankruptcy. In 1664 He Returned To Spain To Assume Command Of The War Against Portugal, Which Was Going Poorly After A Series Of Military Setbacks, Most Recently After The Defeat In 1663 In The Battle Of Ameixial, Near Estremoz Of The Same John Of Austria The Younger. Caracena's Command Of The Spanish Forces In Portugal Was Brief; He Was Decisively Defeated By António Luís De Meneses At The Battle Of Montes Claros In 1665. The Defeat Effectively Ended The War Of Restoration In Favor Of The Portuguese. After The Battle, Caracena Was Charged With Treason And Cowardice. He Defended Himself By Claiming That He Was Not To Blame, But Rather The Defeat Was Due To The Poor State Of The Spanish Army, Intrigue In The Spanish Court, And The Lack Of Funds To Protract A War Against Portugal. Afterwards, He Was Disregarded By The Spanish Crown And Died Of Disease In 1668.
      [Bookseller: Arroyo Seco Books]
Last Found On: 2018-02-24           Check availability:      IOBABooks    

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