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Paine's First "Enlarged Version" of Common Sense
Philadelphia, PA 1776 - Pamphlet. Common Sense; Addressed to the Inhabitants Of America.A New Edition, with Several Additions in the Body of the Work. To Which is Added an Appendix; Together With an Address to the People Called Quakers. Philadelphia, Pa., W. and T. Bradford, 1776. 50 pp. Historical BackgroundPaine's Common Sense was first published on January 9, 1776, by Robert Bell in Philadelphia.As the first edition quickly sold out, Paine asked Bell to hold off on a second issue to allow time for Paine to supplement his work. However, they could not agree on profit-sharing, since Bell claimed that there were no profits. Left on his own, Bell advertised an unauthorized "new edition" on January 20 and 23, simply reprinting the original, sans any additions.Furious with Bell, Paine went to William and Thomas Bradford to re-publish his original text along with an Appendix containing considerable new material written by Paine, and An Address to the People Called Quakers. On January 25, the Bradford brothers announced that their "enlarged" edition was "in press," with the additions increasing the size of the work "upwards of one Third." Among the new content was Paine's first use of the phrase, "the Free and Independent States of America." Bradford contracted the printing with Styner & Cist (publishers of the Pennsylvania Journal), and with Benjamin Towne (publisher of the Pennsylvania Evening Post) -to each print 3,000 copies. Neither are given priority. The Bradford first editions were completed and published on February 14, 1776. We are offering the Styner & Cist version.Bell and the Bradford brothers' acrimony and overlapping timing is well documented in dueling advertisements and editorial comments in contemporary newspapers. On January 20 and 23, though it was still on the press, Bell advertised his "New Edition" in the Pennsylvania Evening Post. On January 25, Bell advertised again, now calling his a "Second Edition." It was completed on January 27.[1] As the Bradford edition was being printed, Bell went forward with his Third Edition.[2] Then, only days after the Bradfords first published their "enlarged" edition, Bell pirated Paine's new writings from the Bradford text. Bell also added six pieces not written by Paine, mostly reprinted from newspapers.While Paine called for independence in the first edition, it is in this "enlarged edition" that he first uses the phrase "the Free and Independent States of America."This Bradford edition, containing the first appearance of Paine's complete text, is arguably the most important of the first editions of Common Sense.ConditionVery good. Relatively new marbled boards and calf spine in antique style, spine gilt, leather label. Half title dusty; title page lightly toned, light foxing. A few small edge tears (some mending is recommended), untrimmed. ReferencesRichard Gimbel. Thomas Paine: a Bibliographical Check List of Common Sense with an Account of its Publication. New Haven: Yale U.P., 1956.Gimbel CS-10. Evans 14959. Grolier American 100, 14. Howe's p17.[1] Gimbel 24.[2] Bell's 3rd edition copied Paine's February 14 post-script from Bradford's February 14 first edition. [Attributes: Hard Cover]
      [Bookseller: Seth Kaller Inc.]
Last Found On: 2013-08-01           Check availability:      AbeBooks    


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