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Infant Ape and Human Child. (Infant Chimpanzee and Human Child in English translation with introduction by Frans B.M. de Waal.)
The scarce first edition of this classic primate study with the first comprehensive report on Kohts' findings, esteemed for its extraordinary suite of 120 b/w photograph plates, comparing behavior of a child to a home-raised young chimpanzee. Offered is a historic specimen with a pre-publication signed presentation, done in English by Kohts for Dr. Arnold Gesell, the preeminent American child psychologist of his day with 2 associated additions mounted at the rear, the original, signed typed letter in English sent by Kohts to Gesell, requesting views on her research, (also documenting presentation), the letter sleeved in the original envelope, and Dr. Gesell's offprint copy of his review of her work. The book documents the first time a researcher home-raised a chimpanzee. The photographic record compares her son, Roody (observations 1925-29) to the male chimpanzee, Joni (observations 1913-16 from age 1.5 until his death at age 5). Kohts closely observed the complex emotional life of Joni. Her testing paralleled the work of Wolfgang Köhler, as they independently devised early cognitive testing methodologies. Kohts demonstrated there are profound differences in acquisition of language and development of gesture between humans and other primates. Her early advocacy for primates having more advanced cognition capabilities has proven correct and she was the first to demonstrate color vision in chimpanzees. PUBLISHING NOTE: Russian text, with a 72 pages English summary, including detailed plate descriptions and the contents pages, title on cover and the title page in Russian and English, printed in Moscow, text-E.E. Hechaeb, plates-H.H. Lubkuh. Full title: "Infant Ape and Human Child; instincts, emotions, play, habits by N. Kohts with 145 plates"; published after August 10, 1935. (The English translation by Frans B.M. de Waal has title as, "Infant Chimpanzee and Human Child".) OFFPRINT: Journal of Genetic Psychology, issue 50, pages 465-67, 1937, pamphlet with self-wrappers. ALSO MOUNTED: apt New Yorker cartoon re: intellectual development, ca. 1930's by Robert J. Day, R.J.D. in plate. NADEZHDA NIKOLAEVNA LADYGINA-KOHTS [1889-1963]: The pioneer cognitive psychologist was Director of the Zoological Laboratory of the Darwin Museum and Lecturer in Comparative Psychology at the State University in Moscow. GESELL: [1880-1961], founder and director of the Clinic for Child Development at Yale. Like Kohts, Gesell used photography as an essential research tool. He initiated use of cinematography in child development studies in 1924, subsequently developing a remarkable archive. GESELL'S REVIEW: notes Kohts' wealth of evidence for differences in communication skills and intellectual development between chimpanzees and humans; "The manifestation of emotion in pantomime is incomparably more prominent in the chimpanzee", while Kohts' son, Roody at age 1 is, "already engaged in spontaneous word building" (something the chimpanzee, Joni never demonstrated). Gesell was particularly impressed with the photo suite documentation of the chimpanzee's expressional behavior, "these particular pictures are little short of classic and would have delighted Darwin". NOTATIONS: Prologue neatly crossed-out in pen & ink on contents pages by Kohts. (There is no prologue.) Gesell has added in pencil in the English Summary section scattered brackets and asterisks, and 5 comments in the margins. PRESENTATION: on flyleaf, July 12, 1935, at least 1 month before publication, 5-lines in pen & purple ink. LETTER: December 14, 1935 (5 months after initial presentation), typed in purple ink, stamped heading of Zoopsycologiches Laboratorium Moscow, body of letter-13 lines-in-3 paragraphs + headings including recipient address and salutations and handwritten signature, carefully done in pen & purple ink with a bold upper stem flourish extending across her name, which is also typed below. ENVELOPE: typed in purple ink with recipient address and return address, the latter in Russian and English. BOOK FORMAT: Publisher's dark moss, beaded rib cloth boards with beveled corners in the original binding, sewn with taupe endpapers, reinforced with staples, letters on upper side stamped in gold leaf and white. PAGINATION: Confirmed complete, 616 pages with 744 illustrations on 146 captioned plates: xvi, preliminaries with color portraits of Roody and Joni; 596 pages, text with footnotes, organized in 4 parts; Behavior of infant chimpanzee, Behavior of human child, Analysis of behavior of man and ape, English summary + [1] leaf b/w photo frontispiece + [1] leaf, suite division sheet + [1] leaf, publisher's ad + 21 heavy paper sheets with 138 figures on 23 plates, including some excellent full-page drawings, 19 plates printed on one side, 3 in color, 1 other plate with 9 of 18 reproductions in color + the rear suite with 604 b/w photographs on 120 card plates printed on one side. SIZE: 262 x 180 mm (10.32 x 7.09 inches). CONDITION: Letter: Very Good: clean: minimal top edge toning to corners: transmittal folds. Envelope: Good: top edge with fingering, edge toning and soiling. Offprint: G-: fingering: Page 465: margins with foxing and slight soiling: Page 467: arcing coffee stains, almost entirely below text: pleated bottom margin creases. Cartoon: Fair: toning: 'From New Yorker' written in pencil at top corner, likely in Gesell's hand: tip wear. Book: Plates clean and bright. Photo Suite: card sheets bowed at fore-edge: top corner bends. Presentation: ink bright: light-color top corner stain extends 6.8 cm at fore-edge. Pages: light top corner stain at pages 1-7, pp. 481-513 and pp. 575-96. Covers: Upper Side with soiling, stain-spots and gilt rubs; Lower Side is slightly bowed with some soiling, a stain-spot and 2 miniscule ink spots. Spine: five puncture indents, four are tiny. Gilt almost entirely rubbed off. Crown: small frays and small vertical tears. Foot: slight fray: joint edge with 1.5 cm triangular closed tear. Binding: solid. REFERENCE: de Waal, A century of getting to know the chimpanzee. ADDITIONAL IMAGES: by request. 
      [Bookseller: Steven Waldman]
Last Found On: 2013-07-26           Check availability:      Biblio    

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