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Manuscript Document, signed ("J. C. FrEmont"), as Governor & Commander in Chief of California, a blank Appointment to the Legislative Council
Ciudad de los Angeles, january 22, 1847. 4to. 1p. pen and ink on paper. Some old folds, very light soiling, old adhesion in lower blank margin, else fine, in half blue morocco folding case with gilt stamped blue morocco label on upper cover . Rare and of historic importance, this document from FrEmont's short-lived Governorship of California, during which time he attempted to establish civil rule in the new territory. The document reads: "To all to whom these presents shall come, Greetings: Know ye that I, J.C. FrEmont Governor of the Territory of California in virtue of the authority in me vested and for the purpose of an immediate organisation of the territory so as to render it conformable to civil law do hereby appoint a member of the Legislative Council to hold said office until by election his successor shall be appointed. Given under my hand and seal this 22nd day of January A.D. One thousand eight hundred and forty seven at the Ciudad de Los Angele. [Signed:] J.C. FrEmont. Governor & Commander in Chief of California. Attest: Wm H. Naples Secy of State" California had become an American Territory only 6 days prior, when, in a famous controversy, FrEmont was appointed Civil Governor by Commodore Stockton. When orders were received shortly thereafter from Washington appointing General S.W. Kearny to the position, a serious conflict ensued between Stockton and Kearny. FrEmont's refusal to obey orders from Kearny led to his court martial, and, after a trial which lasted more than a year, he was eventually convicted of of "mutiny," "disobedience to the lawful command of a superior officer," and "conduct to the prejudice of good order and military discipline," he was finally sentenced to dismissal from the service. President Polk approved of the conviction for disobedience and mutiny, but remitted the penalty, and FrEmont resigned. This episode was followed by FrEmont's famous expeditions to the Rockies, his campaign for the Senate, and finally his campaign for the Presidency as a Republican in 1856 - the first man, in fact, to run for the Presidency as a Republican. The Republicans heralded their first candidate, with the chant, "Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Speech, Free Men, FrEmont." In a losing effort FrEmont nonetheless captured 33% of the popular vote
      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller]
Last Found On: 2013-07-20           Check availability:      Biblio    

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