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Oratio de sudore cruento pronunciata a Salmone Alberto noriber gensi medicinae doctore et professore eius publ., conferente doctoris insignia, viro ornatissimo; M. Micaelo Henig Dresdensi. Adjuncta est Quaestio, cur pueris non sit interdicendum lacrimis: et, cur in lacrimis suspiria & gemitus fere conjungantur . . .
Vitaebergae:: Typis Zachariae Lehmani, 1582., 1582. 16 cm. Small 8vo. 75, [1] pp. Signatures: A-E? (A2 missigned A3; E7. Lacks E8 [blank]). Plain wrappers. Laid into quarter green morocco, cloth sides, folding box [23 cm.]. Occasional early ink marginalia. RARE: no record of copies found on market. First edition, one of two known issues. VERY RARE & EARLY ACCOUNT ON PERSPIRATION, CRYING & BLOOD. A classical account on perspiration, crying, and blood [all fluids]. O'Malley writes for the DSB, "such then curious but rational problems as why boys ought not to be forbidden to cry, why sobbing usually accompanies weeping" - apparently referring to this work. Thorndike, who notes the author's work on the classical writers, Galen and Rasis, notes further that he was not a physician who ascribed to the occult sciences: "he also discussed such questions as why boys should not be forbidden to cry, why sobbing generally goes with tears. . ." [p. 230]. The Bayerische Staatsbibliothek copy has an added 2 leaves, marked as signature "[-]2", which is a preface by Paulo Alberto [Paulus Albertus], not available in this copy, but supplied in facs. The text refers to bloody sweat, noted by Stolberg, "Modern medicine acknowledges such phenomenona as 'hematidrosis' but premodern accounts of bloody sweating may well have to be taken in a much wider sense, including what physicians today would consider as bleeding disorders." - Michael Stolberg, "Sweat. Learned Concepts and Popular Perceptions, 1500-1800," within: Manfred Horstmanshoff, Helen King, & Claus Zittel (editors), Blood, Sweat and Tears: The Changing Concepts of Physiology from Antiquity into Early Modern Europe, Brill, 2012 (p. 509). Alberti, born in 1540, Naumburg, Germany, a year later his father died. He and his mother relocated to Nuremberg (1541). Remarkably, the city paid for Alberti's education, including his doctoral studies at the University of Wittenberg (1574), rising to become Professor of Philosophy and Physics in Wittenberg, then Professor of Medicine, and in 1582 becoming physician to Duke Friedrich Wilhelm of Saxony. He last residence was in Dresden where he passed away. He wrote tracts on the pancreas (1578), on the lacrimal apparatus, De Lacrimis, (1581). In 1585 he published, Historia plerarunque partium humani corporis, membratim scripta, et in usum tyronum retractatius edita, Vitaebergae, excudebant Haeredes Iohannis Cratonis. ". . . some years later the German anatomist Salomon Alberti (1540-1600) published his studies of the lacrimal apparatus in a volume entitled De Lacrimis." "Initially, tears were considered to be more or less similar in composition to other body fluids, in particular sweat and urine." - Ad Vingerhoets, Why Only Humans Weep: Unravelling the Mysteries of Tears, 2013, pp. 51, but does not mention this text. - DSB. REFERENCES: Dictionary of Scientific Biography, I, p. 98 [O'Malley]; Durling 76. See: Hans Theodor Koch: Die Wittenberger Medizinische Fakultat (1502-1652) - Ein biobibliographischer Uberblick, pp. 299-300 in Stefan Oehmig, Medizin und Sozialwesen in Mitteldeutschland zur Reformationszeit, Leipzig, 2007; Evangelische Verlagsanstalt Leipzig; August Hirsch: Biographisches Lexikon, 1884, Bd. 1, p 85; Fritz Roth: Restlose Auswertungen von Leichenpredigten fur genealogische und kulturhistorische Zwecke. Selbstverlag, 1976, Bd. 9, p. 188; Lynn Thorndike, A History of Magic and Experimental Science, The Sixteenth Century, VI (New York, 1941), pp. 229-230. Bibliotheque nationale (France), Catalogue general des livres imprimes de la Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, (1897), p. 518. [FFrye C188]
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Last Found On: 2018-01-09           Check availability:      Biblio    

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