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Dictionnaire Universel, Contenant generalement tous les Mots François tant vieux que modernes, & les Termes des Sciences et des Arts….
La Hague & Rotterdam: Arnoud et Reinier Leers, 1701. La Hague & Rotterdam:: Arnoud et Reinier Leers, 1701., 1701. 3 vols. 4to. [xx] pp., A-LLLlll3, [LLLlll3-LLLlll4] ff.; [vi] pp., A-RRRrrr, [RRRrrr-RRRrrr2] ff.; [iv] pp., A-XXXxxx3, [XXXxxx3-XXXxxx4] ff. Vol. I frontispiece portrait of Furetiere engraved by "G.E." "CPR" (Cum Privilegio Regis), engraved title-page device and tail-piece all vols. Contemporary gilt-stamped calf, 6 raised bands; hinges cracked, extremities rubbed, binding still firm and attractive. Theological Institute of Connecticut blind-stamps to first and last few pages. SCARCE. Very good. Second edition, revised by Henri Basnage de Beauval, of Furetiere's controversial complete scientific and technological dictionary, that rewarded him with an unprecedented expulsion from the Academie Française. Volume I includes the preface to the first edition by philosopher Pierre Bayle. "It is, however, for his work as a lexicographer that Furetiere is known today, and his Dictionnaire universel des arts et des sciences (1690) remains an indispensable tool for scholars of seventeenth-century French literature and culture. Furetiere conceived of his work as a dictionary of things, rather than of words, and so presented a variety of technical, medical, and scientific terms within its pages. As such, the Dictionnaire universel served as a precursor to the encyclopedic dictionaries of the eighteenth century. "At the same time that Furetiere was preparing his dictionary, members of the Academie Française were compiling material for their own dictionary, a project begun in 1635. Sensing competition for its own project and judging him to be disloyal, the Académie accused Furetiere of using materials compiled by academiciens for their dictionary and, in 1685, revoked the royal privilege granting him permission to publish his Dictionnaire universel and expelled him from its ranks. In response, Furetiere wrote three factum in which he defended himself against the accusations of his former peers and claimed his dictionary to be more comprehensive in scope and more precise than the Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, which appeared in 1694. The Dictionnaire universel was published posthumously in Rotterdam in 1690, with a preface by Pierre Bayle." – Baker, pp. 123-145. "When Furetiere planned his Dictionnaire Universel, he knew of both Moreri's work [Grand Dictionnaire Historique, Lyon: 1674] and the ongoing Dictionnaire undertaken by the Academie Francaise, which finally appeared in 1694. Furetiere rejected the arrangement of words by their etymological roots, omitted proper names, historical and geographical material, but included the arts and sciences, now in alphabetical format for the first time. In this sense…it was Furetiere, not Moreri, who did the most radical thing: namely, to establish alphabetical order as an acceptable way of conveying summaries of the arts and sciences, rather than just biographical and historical information" (Yeo, p. 18). "Bayle had another chance to comment on the dictionaries—in fact, the first dictionary of arts and sciences—when he wrote the anonymous preface to Furetiere's Dictionnaire Universel, which appeared in 1690, after the author's death in 1688. Bayle welcomed this as a work that went beyond a dictionary of language that merely gave equivalent words in two languages. Instead, Furetiere had set out to provide descriptions of things, principles, and theories concerning the arts and sciences. Here Bayle recognised the importance of agreed definitions of terms as a basis for communication…. Secondly, Bayle hinted that the established academies were not likely to perform this function. This was a reference to the dispute between Furetiere and the Academie Francaise, whose own dictionary had still not appeared. When Furetiere's plans surfaced, his work was regarded as a rival and he was expelled from the Academie. Bayle wrote the preface as a vindication of Furetiere's reputation as a lexicographer. In the absence of appropriate works from the Academie, it therefore fell to individuals such as himself and Furetiere to compile the kind of useful work that would act as 'the touchstone for all other books,' a guarantee of exchanges within the Republic of Letters." (Yeo, p. 45). "Basnage de Beauval is also known for his major revision of what has recently been called 'the first encyclopedic dictionary of the Age of Classicism,' the Dictionnaire universel…. By rewriting and also adding new material to each entry, Basnage de Beauval doubled the contents of the abbé Furetiere's Dictionnaire universel. His revised and enlarged edition included the preface written by Pierre Bayle for the original 1691 Hague-Rotterdam edition published by Arnout and Reinier Leers. Late in his life, Basnage de Beauval began a second revision of Furetiere's dictionary; but illness and death prevented him from going beyond the letter 'D.' Jacques Basnage chose Brutel de la Rivière to complete his brother's work, which was published as the 2nd rev. ed. [9th ed.], 4 vols. (The Hague, 1727)" (Cerny, p. 19). REFERENCES: Baker, Christopher, Absolutism and the Scientific Revolution, 1600-1720: A Biographical Dictionary, Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2002; Cerny, G. Theology, Politics and Letters at the Crossroads of European Civilization, Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer, 1987; Yeo, Richard, Encyclopaedic Visions: Scientific Dictionaries and Enlightenment Culture, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2001. EXTRA POSTAGE WILL APPLY – HEAVY!
      [Bookseller: Jeff Weber Rare Books ]
Last Found On: 2017-10-24           Check availability:      ABAA    

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