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2 Anatomical Prints-TESTES-BLADDER-REPRODUCTIVE ORGAN-Spigelius-Casserius-1645
- Very rare anatomical print. Plate, Lib. VIII, Tab. XIII-XIV. Set of 2 plates, showing the male organs kidney, bladder, testes and the penis. As the key to this plate(s) is on the rear of previous plate, as issued, a copy of this key is included when applicable. Copperplate engraving on a verge type handlaid paper. Description: This very fine engraving originates from 'Anatomica operum omnium' by Adrianus Spigelius (Adriaan van den Spiegel), published by J. Blaeu, Amsterdam 1645. This splendidly produced edition of Spigelius' Collected Works was edited by the Dutch physician, Johannes Antonides van der Linden. This folio volume is illustrated with 117 anatomical plates. 78 Of these plates originate from Casserius, intended to illustrate his 'Theatrum Anatomicum', a great anatomical atlas that was still unpublished at his death in 1616. The remainder of the plates was prepared by Bucretius. The complete set of plates is seen as the most important anatomical illustration of the post-Vesalian period, and among the finest produced in the seventeenth century. Since before 1600 Casserius had been working on a fully-illustrated anatomical treatise, which he hired Fialetti to illustrate. His "De Vocis" of 1601 concludes with a promise to publish a treatise on the anatomy of the whole human body with illustrations. However, at the time of his early death in 1616 Casserio left 86 spectacular anatomical drawings by Fialetti, and also possibly their engravings, but no text. Casserius and the co-author of this work, Adrian van der Spiegel, both studied under Fabricius ab Aquapendente (Fabrici) at the University of Padua. Both worked closely with their teacher for many years, and in 1608 Casserius succeeded Fabrici in Padua's chair of surgery and anatomy, which passed in turn to Spiegel upon Casserius' death in 1616. Spiegel (Spigelius) (1578-1625) wrote an unillustrated treatise on anatomy that remained unpublished during his lifetime; in his will he appointed Daniel Bucretius (ne Rindfleisch) to see the work into print. To illustrate Spiegel's treatise, Bucretius obtained 77 of Fialetti's original 86 anatomical plates from the heirs of Casserius (probably engraved by J. Maurer), and commissioned 20 more by Fialetti and engraved by Valesio to complete the series (the remaining 9 plates left by Casserius were used to illustrate Spiegel's De Formato Foetu [1626]), which are part of this work. In the complete series, the largest number of plates, forty-three - and these perhaps the most memorable - are to be found in Liber IV, on the muscles. There are also interesting illustrations on the genito-urinary system in Liber VIII and on the brain in Liber X-one of these, showing the arterial circle at the brain, predates the Willis-Wren illustration [from Willis's Cerebri Anatome (1664)]. Except for those few plates which were derived from Vesalius, the anatomists had reconsidered ways of presenting human anatomy. In doing so they produced the first original series of illustrations of the anatomy of the human body since Vesalius. *Ref: Roberts & Tomlinson: The Fabric of the Body, pp. 262-63; see also pp. 259-61; Cazort, Kornell, Roberts: The Ingenious Machine of Nature: Four Centuries of Art and Anatomy (1996) pp. 167-68; Choulant-Frank 225; Garrison-Morton 381; Heirs of Hippocrates 414; NLM/Krivatsy 2202; 11297 (citing Casserio's and Spiegel's works separately); Sappol, Dream Anatomy pp. 110-111, 113; Waller 9121 and 1812.Artists and Engravers: Authors: Adriaan van den Spiegel, name sometimes written as Adrianus Spigelius (1578-1625) was a Flemish anatomist who was born in Brussels. For much of his career he practiced medicine in Padua, and is considered one of the great physicians associated with that city. He became professor of Anatomy in 1615, succeeding J. Casserius. At Padua he studied anatomy under Girolamo Fabrizio (1537-1619) and Julius Casserius (Giulio Casseri: 1552?1616). His best written work on anatomy is De humani corporis fabrica l
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Last Found On: 2017-10-24           Check availability:      ZVAB    

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