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Praktische Bemerkungen über verschiedene Krankheiten der Kindbetterinnen und Schwangern, nebst der Beschreibung einer neuen Zange zur Geburtshülfe.
Aus dem Englischen übersetzt. - Leipzig, bey M.G. Weidmanns Erben und Reich, 1775, 8, (4), 368 pp., 1 gefalt. Folio-Kupfertafell, alter marmor. Pappband minimal fleckiges sehr gutes Exemplar. First German Edition! " Leake insisted on the contagious nature of puerperal fever"!Content: 1.Abh.: Praktische Beobachtungen über das Kinbetterinnenfieber (pp.1-156). 2.Abh.: Von der Natur, Ursachen und Behandlung der Blutstürzungen aus der Gebärmutter, die sich vor und nach der Entbindung ereignen (pp.157-202). 3.Abh.: Von den Zuckungen and anderen in kurzter Zeit tödtenden Krankheiten der Schwangern (pp.203-260). Anhang Beschreibung einer neuen Zange mit drey Blättern (pp.261-268).John Leake (1729-1792), man-midwife, .... Leake turned to midwifery perhaps because medical London at this time was full of new and interesting ideas about the subject and its practice, largely brought about because of recent public knowledge of the obstetric forceps described by Edmund Chapman in his Treatise on the Improvement of Midwifery (1733). William Smellie, also in London, had an extensive teaching practice out of which came his seminal work, A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Midwifery (1752), which became the foundation of modern midwifery and obstetrics.John Maubray had mooted the idea of founding a hospital for lying-in women about 1725, and a few were opened from 1749 to 1757, north of the Thames. John Leake took up the idea and called a meeting of sponsors to Appleby's Tavern in Parliament Street in 1765. The intention was to build a lying-in hospital on the Lambeth (southern) side of Westminster Bridge, which had been opened in 1750. Leake bought the land there and a hospital was built. In 1767 he assigned the leases of the land and building, without payment, to the governors of the New Westminster Lying-in Hospital. ...Leake taught midwifery in a course of lectures at his house in Craven Street, off the Strand, and at the new hospital, where he had been appointed physician. He wrote extensively. His main work was the wide-ranging Introduction to the Theory and Practice of Midwifery (1777, 1787). He taught that puerperal fever was not due to corrupted milk, in opposition to the then prevalent belief, but correctly attributed it to inflammation in the uterus. He recommended treatment by ventilation, clean linen, and disinfection of wards with brimstone. The woman herself was to be treated by therapeutic bleeding from an arm vein, which was then a widely accepted practice. The dangers of puerperal fever are shown by the fact that in the six months to May 1770 nineteen women in the hospital were infected of whom fourteen died.Leake's students, both medical men and midwives (who lived in), were able to practise midwifery on patients both within the hospital and in the surrounding district. ....Leake invented a three-bladed obstetric forceps, the intention of the third blade being to keep the head flexed during extraction. The notion was good in theory but quite impractical. His contemporaries scorned them and they were never in vogue. " Philip Rhodes, 'Leake, John (1729-1792)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004
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