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A DISCOURSE UPON SOME LATE IMPROVEMENTS OF THE MEANS FOR PRESERVING THE HEALTH OF MARINERS. DELIVERED AT THE ANNIVERSARY MEETING OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY...
London: Printed for the Royal Society, 1776. [4],44pp. Woodcut title device and headpiece. Half title. Small quarto. Modern half green morocco and cloth. A very good, clean copy. Extremely rare. One of the most significant of all the printed works relating to Cook's voyages and their importance. This is the first appearance in print of Cook's epoch-making account of the successful measures taken against scurvy on his first two voyages. There were several later versions and translations, but the original edition of this milestone publication has long been acknowledged as a major rarity. The paper on scurvy was read to the Royal Society by its president, Sir John Pringle (in the absence of Cook himself, then just beginning his final voyage), as recipient of the Copley medal award for that year, and was immediately published in this form. Pringle's long presentation address, quoting directly from Cook and other sources, is followed by Cook's paper and an extract from a letter by Cook to Pringle written from Plymouth Sound in July 1776. The paper subsequently appeared in the official account of the second voyage and in the PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS of the Royal Society. In 1783 a series of six of Pringle's discourses at the annual presentations of the Copley medal was published in one volume. "In Pringle's discourse on preserving the health of mariners he includes the first printing of Captain Cook's important paper entitled: 'The Method taken for preserving the Health of the Crew of His Majesty's Ship the Resolution during her late Voyage round the World.' In this paper, which Cook communicated to Pringle, President of the Royal Society, Cook describes the supplies carried on the voyage and his maintenance of the cleanliness of his ship and crew. It was included by Pringle in his discourse commemorating Cook's receipt of the Copley medal" - Norman sale. The winning of the battle against scurvy was one of the most important achievements in the general field of exploration. It made possible the major voyages that followed. As Robert Hughes has so aptly put it in THE FATAL SHORE, "malt juice and pickled cabbage put Europeans in Australia as microchip circuitry would put Americans on the moon." Very rare. The NUC locates only four copies in American libraries, at Harvard, John Carter Brown, National Library of Medicine, and Naval Observatory Library. STREETER SALE 2410. NORMAN SALE 378. GARRISON-MORTON 2156,3714. BEDDIE 1290. HOLMES 20. KROEPELIEN 1065.
      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana ]
Last Found On: 2017-09-23           Check availability:      ABAA    

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