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ONTARIO: MAP OF UPPER CANADA SHEWING THE PROPOSED LAND AGENCY DIVISIONS.
Lithograph, mounted upon original limp linen (Very Good, some minor wear along original folds, a couple of small holes at fold vertices, some light areas of toning, overall a fine example), 89 x 108 cm (35 x 42.5 inches). - Montreal: George Matthews, 1857. A historically important, large format map of Canada West (Ontario), commissioned by Canada’s Crown Land Office as a strategic blueprint to manage the government’s multiple infrastructure, settlement and economic development projects. - This large format map of Ontario was commissioned by Canada’s Crown Land Office, and is predicated upon the latest scientific surveys. Importantly, it was made to serve as a strategic overview for administrators overseeing transformative projects of economic, settlement and infrastructure development. The map embraces all of what is now known as Southern Ontario and the Near North regions, up to just beyond Sault Ste. Marie and Lake Nipissing. It shows that the southern areas were intensely developed, divided into counties and townships, while the areas beyond (the Ottawa & Huron Country and the North of Huron region) were in incipient states of development. To manage the sale of lands, the Crown Land Office was in the process of setting up land agency districts, the boundaries of which are demarcated on the map. Critically, the map shows the new roads that were being built into the Near North, the lifelines for development. Historical Context: Ontario on the Eve of Confederation - By the 1850s, the government of the united Canadas (administering modern Quebec and Ontario), had to manage both major opportunities and major challenges. The long settled areas in the Windsor-Toronto-St. Lawrence Corridor were experiencing rapid economic development. At the same time, a high birth rate and mass inward migration ensured that the Crown had long run out of free land for new homesteads. The Crown decided to develop the outer regions of the province; however, this required mass investment in infrastructure and administrative systems. Beyond providing new, civilised living space, the expansion into the outer regions would unlock vast wealth in agriculture, fish, timber, and minerals. The Crown initiated many legislative and taxation changes to enable and incentivize the settlement and development of the outer regions. The present map was created under the watchful eye of Joseph Édouard Cauchon (1816-1885), who served as the Commissioner of Crown Lands of the united Canadas, from 1855 to 1857. This office was a senior cabinet position, overseeing the government’s largest department, in charge of spearheading all designs to manage lands and infrastructure. Cauchon dispatched several different teams of skilled surveyors to trigonometrically map the province’s various regions. The resulting manuscripts were edited and refined into the present map, which was lithographed in Montreal by George Matthews. The present map was issued as part of a series of 8 large-format ground-breaking maps of Canadian regions published to accompany the Appendix to Cauchon’s Report of the Commissioner of Crown Lands. Part II (Toronto, 1857). The maps included (short title): 1. Lower Canada; 2. Upper Canada (the present map); 3. Gaspe and Bonaventure; 4. The Saguenay; 5. The St. Maurice Territory; 6. The Ottawa & Huron Country; 7. The North Shore of Lake Huron; and 8. Canada, Indian Territories, and Hudson’s Bay. While the maps were sometimes bound into a volume, the marquis examples were mounted upon limp linen and folded separately within a portfolio (such as the present example). The present map remained highly influential and served as the basis for the administrative management of Ontario during the critical Pre- and Early Confederation periods. References: OCLC: 624490238.
      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Dasa Pahor]
Last Found On: 2017-09-20           Check availability:      AbeBooks    

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