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Collection Of Documents Of the Swedish Safe House At "Pannónia utca 8" in the International Ghetto of Budapest in 1944 November
Budapest 1944 - 4 documents. Carbon copies, filled in ink. During World War II Hungary was allied with Nazi Germany, however, the Jewish community was relatively secure despite the discriminatory, antisemitic legislation until the German occupation of the county in March 1944. Then within two months, virtually the entire Jewry of the countryside was deported. In early July Miklós Horthy, the governor of Hungary issued a directive to suspend the deportations after the intervene by international representatives, including Pope Pius XII, King Gustav of Sweden and US President Franklin D. Roosevelt. At this point, only the Jewry of Budapest remained in Hungary. The authorities, instead of ghettoizing ordered the Jews into over 2,000 designated buildings scattered throughout the city, to avoid heavy air-raid and strategic or carpet-bombing by the allied forces. These were the so-called yellow-star buildings, as they were marked with Stars of David. This was the time when Raoul Wallenberg arrived in Hungary, serving as Sweden's special envoy in Budapest. He began distributing certificates of protection (Schutz-Pass' and other protective documents), establish hospitals, nurseries, and a soup kitchen for the Jews of Budapest. Wallenberg, together with other foreign diplomats, bought several residential buildings and designated them as "safe houses", which were reserved for Jews and their families holding certificates of protection from a neutral country. More than 30 of these buildings were under the protection of the Swedish Embassy. These safe houses were located at a neighborhood in Pest side near the Danube, and called the "small" or "international ghetto". Almost 40,000 people lived here, often with up to 60 people sharing one room. In 1945 January, an estimated 119,000 Jewish people were liberated in Budapest, 25,000 survived here (and about 70,000 in the meantime set up "big" or Budapest ghetto). Some of the buildings in the international ghetto were already assigned to the Jews by the Hungarian authorities, serving as yellow-star houses, among them the one at Pannónia street 8 (a large apartment building with ornate Art Nouveau, eclectic facade, which still stands today, and as a designated landmark of the city is protected by the local government), whose records are presented. This remarkable collection of documents comprised of the assignment of the officials of the safe house (they are named in ink), its three-page policy and two printed letters of requisitions related to the provision of food. All issued by the Royal Swedish Embassy or its Humanitarian Department whose director was Rezs? Müller (he is mentioned by name in one of the letters), a very close associate of Raoul Wallenberg, whose testimonies are often cited as one of the last who seen Wallenberg alive in Budapest on January 17, 1945 before he left the city to meet with the Soviet military commander, General Malinovsky in the eastern Hungarian city of Debrecen. These papers, besides being a significant evidence of Wallenberg's rescue efforts in Hungary, even reveal the details of this important episode of the Hungarian Holocaust on a personal level. We could not trace any surviving copies of the Swedish Safe house rules or anything similar to these documents. Assignment Document Of the Officials Of the Safe House [Carbon copy:] Tájékoztatás. [In ink:] "Pannonia u. 8." [Carbon copy:] u. sz. ház A Svéd Királyi Követség védettjei részére. [Information For Those Protected By the Royal Swedish Embassy At Pannónia Street 8.] One-page carbon copy document, filled in ink. Contains the names and titles of the officials of the safe house. Dated on November 25, 1944. The document informs the residents of the safe house that the appointed house-commender is Dr. Gyula Gábor, the designated doctor is Dr. Lipót Kéval, and the nurses are Mrs. Lipót Kéval and Mária Balassa. It states that the number of the residents is 43 (the relatively low number is due to the fact that the building was alrea [Attributes: First Edition]
      [Bookseller: Földvári Books]
Last Found On: 2017-09-20           Check availability:      AbeBooks    


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