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[DIARY AND ARMY DOCUMENTS OF ISAAC D. LANDIS, SERGEANT MAJOR IN THE 9th PENNSYLVANIA VOLUNTEER CAVALRY, FOR 1864 AND 1865]
[Tennessee; Georgia; South Carolina; North Carolina, 1865. [420]pp., plus 23 printed and manuscript forms and reports, with two framed photograph portraits. Narrow 12mo. Original soft leather wrappers, perished and lacking rear wrapper, a.e.g. Spine and stitching perished. Small chips and tears at edges, slightly affecting text. Light soiling and dampstaining. Some entries in pencil somewhat faded. Other documents loose, photographs somewhat dust soiled. Good. A detailed Civil War diary kept by a Sergeant Major in the 9th Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry, Isaac D. Landis, from January 1, 1864 through the end of the conflict to December, 1865. Landis was promoted to Sergeant Major on New Year's Day, 1864, when the diary begins, and his writing recorded the movements and action of his unit through Tennessee, Georgia, and the Carolinas. At the commencement of the journal, the unit was encamped at Mossy Creek after a small battle there at the close of the previous year: "In camp, two miles east of Mossy Creek Station in East Tennessee, having driven the enemy from the former place on the memorable 29th day of December 1863. Encamped in line of Battle the 2nd Battalion was on Picket. I have been acting Adjutant since the 16th of Dec. 1863 when the Adjutant went to hospital in Knoxville Tenn.... Fell back to the position at Mossy Creek as the enemy made a movement to outflank our position. Encamped in line of Battle the 9th Penna Cav being on the left of the division which occupied the center of the line.... Four hundred enlisted men of the Regiment reenlisted as veteran volunteers to serve for the year from the 1st day of January 1864." The 9th Pennsylvania Cavalry was engaged in Tennessee for much of 1864, until the fall when it moved into Georgia, and on Election Day the unit was encamped at Marietta: "This being the day that will decide the fate of the Nation the day of the Presidential Election. We all proceed to opening ballot boxes and polls - that all may have have a chance to fight the great Political Battle - which results in Lincoln receiving 403 votes and McClellan 146 votes receiving. 257 votes Majority for Lincoln." Landis' unit then took part in the famed March to the Sea, crossing Georgia between mid-November and mid- December, and culminating in the seizure of Savannah just before Christmas, 1864. At the beginning of 1865, the unit marched from the vicinity of Savannah north to South Carolina and North Carolina, where they spent the remainder of the war involved in various engagements and securing lines of communication and supply, as on February 18, when Landis reported: "Marched at 7 AM 2nd Brig. in advance Regt. on left center. Marched 20 miles to Alston, [South Carolina], for the purpose of getting possession of the R.R. Bridge across Broad River but the enemy who had a force stationed at the bridge for the purpose burned it and the 2nd brigade charged in vain to retake it before the fire had destroyed it. We then went into camp at Stuckville, barricaded our front, reset Co. L on Picket, marched during the day on parallel road with Cheatham's Corps who are endeavoring to get in our front." During the momentous events of April 1865, Landis was camped at Durham, North Carolina, reporting the news as in his entry for April 18: "Genls. Sherman and Johnson [sic] again met and the latter accompanied by the Rebel Sec'y of War Breckenridge who was representing the Confederacy to submit terms of Peace, which was entered into and orders issued for the Cessation of Hostilities which it is supposed will result in the restoration of Peace. We were all pained to receive the intelligence of the assassination of President Lincoln and the attempt on the life of Seward." Accompanying the diary are a number of printed forms and manuscript reports including registers of the commissioned officers of the unit from January 1864 and January 1865, nine casualty reports (including one that gives a history of the regimental casualties from the beginning of the war to March 1865), and a roster of unit soldiers captured during the campaign in Georgia in February and March, 1865. Further documents consist of clothing and camp equipment reports, weekly reports of the unit's eligible force, a muster-out roll from the end of the war, a list of officers below the rank of Colonel who wished to remain in service after the Confederate surrender, a printed Farewell Address from Gen. Thomas J. Jordan, and handwritten farewells from unit officers Col. F.A. Jones and Capt. E.M. Ward. Two framed photographic portraits of Landis also accompany the material. A fascinating collection that provides much detail on Union cavalry movement and activity in the Deep South during the last year and a half of the Civil War.
      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana ]
Last Found On: 2017-09-20           Check availability:      ABAA    

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