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Autograph Letter Signed to 'Your Royal Highness', MARIE AMÉLIE, (Viscount, Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquis of Londonderry, 1769-1822, Foreign Secretary)
1815 - (1782-1866, Wife of Louis Philippe I, King of the French), as Duchess of Orleans, begging leave "to acknowledge . your Royal Highness's Letter", congratulating her "on your safe Landing" and offering "my Services, so far as they can be useful to your Royal Highness", he begs "your Royal Highness will use my apartments in Dover Castle if they can Accomodate your Royal Highness", if so he will "immediately send a Servant to prepare them", watermark 1812, 1 side 4to, London, 19th March no year but Castlereagh was Foreign Secretary, 1812-1822, and so during the momentous events of the 1st Restoration, the Congress of Vienna, Napoleon's Hundred Days and Exile, and the 2nd Restoration of 1815. At the Peace Conference in Paris he managed to prevent punitive measures on France and achieve some kind of 'equilibrium', though the Allies continued to occupy France under Wellington till 1819. In 1800 Louis Philippe had settled with his brothers in Twickenham, and, through the future Charles X, had become reconciled with his distant cousin Louis XVIII. He returned to Paris at the Restoration of 1814 and his vast estates were restored as far as possible. Then on 26th February 1815 Napoleon escaped from Elba and on the day of this letter was about to enter Paris. All Europe was agog. Louis Philippe had just sent his wife to England while he made north east. At Péronne he collected troops, waited three days, then went on to Lille where on the 19th March he was enthusiastically received and then joined by Louis XVIII on his way to Ghent in the Austrian Netherlands In fact the Duchess stayed in Dover town. 'Her Serene Highness the Duchess of Orleans and suite left Wright's Hotel, where she had stopped for a week confined by illness, yesterday for London, accompanied by her four children, and Count de Grave' ('Dover, March 26', quoted in The Times of 29th March 1814, 'from an Evening Paper'). The same issue of The Times tells how the Hon. Frederick Lamb, (younger brother of later Prime Minister Melbourne) sped with dispatches from Vienna, collected papers 'of the value of £20,000 belonging to the Duchess of Orleans' and left 10 hours before Bonaparte's arrival. At Ostend he 'secured a packet for Mrs FitzHerbert, for Monday, she being afraid to venture on account of the boisterous state of the weather'. Lamb ventured 'in an open boat', arriving safely on the Sunday evening in Ramsgate, 'where they learnt that a boat had that day been lost, and another driven away .'. Castlereagh's congratulations in the present letter were timely !
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Last Found On: 2017-04-03           Check availability:      AbeBooks    

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