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Anatomicae disquisitiones de auditu et olfactu. Edito altera auctior.
Milano, Galeati, 1794, Folio, (19) 101, (1) pp., mit 16 Kupfertafeln, Halbledereinband der Zeit fleckig. Antonio Scarpa (1752-18) "made important researches concerning the auditory and olfactory apparatus, birds, reptiles, and man," further he is know in otology for Scarpa's liquor, the fluid in the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear and Scarpa's hiatus, the semi lunar opening of the tip of the cochlear canal where the scala tympani and scala vestibuli unite. "This work "ensures Scarpa's renown for discovering the membranous labyrinth. It was to be a keystone of otological research. Most of Scarpa's findings are still valid today. Only by means of the improved methods of preparation known to our century have some new details been added to Scarpa's examinations. The great results of Scarpa's studies in otological anatomy derive from his interest in comparative anatomy. Through the examination of lower animals who lacked some or all other parts of the human organ of hearing, Scarpa reached conclusions that led him to the discovery of the membranous labyrinth in man. Scarpa's findings are completely original, experiencing only very slight supplementation later. Valsalva's 'zonae sonorae' and Cotugno's 'neural tissue partition', both based on inadequate methods of examination, were discarded. The fine detail of Scarpa's description of the cochlea surpasses that of Cotugno. His measurement data regarding the cochlea and his description of the canals in the modiolus are especially excellent" Politzer Scrapa, a brilliant artist as well as a brilliant anatomist, was trained in anatomy by Morgagni at Padua and studied surgery in Bologna. At the age of twenty he became professor at Modena, and in 1783 he went to Pavia where he helped bring the University to pre-eminence. His legacy includes works in otolaryngology, orthopedics, ophthalmology, neuroanatomy, and surgery. The plates were drawn by the author. His anatomic prints are models of anatomic representation as regards faithful differentiation of the tissues, correctness of form, and the utmost precision of engraving. "Both editions contain the same copperplates, viz., eight finished plates, each with an outline plate with letters. The first five plates deal with zoötomic subjects, the last three with human anatomy. They are all drawn by Scarpa. The first two are engraved by Bededotto Eredi of Florence, the third does not give the name of the engraver, but seems to have been done by Faustino Anderloni, whose name is signed under the last five plates. This work was translated into German: "Anatomische Untersuchungen des Gehörs und des Geruchs ..."(1800)." ChoulantGarrison & Morton No. 1453(1st.Ed. 1789) Heirs of Hippocrates 1103 (1st.Ed.) Stevenson & Guthrie, History of Oto-Laryngology, p. 43 L. Sellers and B. Anson, (Scarpa's) Anatomical observations on the round window. Arch. Otolaryng. 1962, 75, pp.2-45 Politzer, History of Otology, pp.158-160 Choulant, History and Bibliography of Anatomic Illustration, pp.298-300
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