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Rewards for Arrests of Felons..Whereas, for Some Time past-evil-disposed Persons Have Crossed the Borders of the United States, or Entered Their Ports By Sea from Countries where They are Tolerated and Have Committed Capital Felonies ..
Washington, D.C.: U.S. State Department, 1865. A very rare broadsheet measuring 8 1/4 x 10 13/16 (the only recorded copy is in the New York Historical Society, OCLC). None are recorded in NUC. Issued just 10 days before his assassination. Technically, Presidential Executive Orders began in the administration of Abraham Lincoln in the Civil War. Earlier proclamations had been issued even in the Colonial period by the Kings of England and Colonial Royal Governors, the earliest proclamation in the United States was from George Washington declaring November 26, 1789 to be a Thanksgiving holiday. Lincoln issued the first executive order on March 10, 1863 dealing with the problem of mass desertions among soldiers. This document was only the second executive order issued and was directed at felons from foreign countries [meaning Confederates] with who were crossing from Canada into the United States to attack such as when the St. Albans [Vermon] bank was robbed leading to a man being killed. General John A. Dix and issued a proclamation that the felons should be pursued into Canada. However, President Lincoln considered this dangerous since it would upset the relatively neutral role Great Britain was following. Through Secretary Seward he issued this second Executive Order directing that no traveler, except immigrants should enter an American port without a passport. the reward for each such offender captured was $1,000. There was also a reward of $500 for those who helped apprehend those who might aid and abet such offenders. Simmons writing in the American Archivist notes not all Presidential Executive Orders are signed (besides those from William H. Seward [nos. 1 & 2]. The printed form of this executive order did not appear until the next year in the reports of Bvt. Brg. Gen, D.C. McCallum and the Provost General (Washington, 1866).
      [Bookseller: Alcuin Books, ABAA-ILAB]
Last Found On: 2016-11-23           Check availability:      Biblio    

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