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THIRD CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES: AT THE FIRST SESSION. AN ACT LAYING DUTIES ON LICENSES FOR SELLING WINES AND FOREIGN DISTILLED SPIRITUOUS LIQUORS BY RETAIL [caption title].
[Philadelphia: Printed by Childs and Swaine, 1794]. - [3]pp., printed on a folded folio sheet. Folio. Old fold lines. Top right corner of first leaf torn away, not affecting text. Final blank page with contemporary manuscript annotation. Some browning and foxing, light dampstaining. Good plus. An act passed by the Third Congress that required retailers of wines and imported spirits to purchase a five dollar license for the legal right to sell their products, or else face a fifty dollar fine. The law was another facet of Alexander Hamilton's strategy to raise federal revenue through the taxation of liquor sales and production. George Washington's presidential message of November 22, 1792 advocated a tax on distilled spirits, and Alexander Hamilton was a strong proponent of the whiskey excise tax, which was part of his overall plan for putting the federal government on a sound fiscal basis. This licensing law in conjunction with another passed the same day, which required a license for all stills and subjected those not registered to confiscation, touched off the Whiskey Rebellion in western Pennsylvania that had been fomenting there since the first Excise Law was passed in 1791. "Approved - June the fifth 1794," and signed in print by Speaker of the House Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg, Vice President John Adams, and President George Washington. This printing also includes a statement of deposition: "Deposited among the rolls in the Office of the Secretary of State. [blank] Secretary of State," and is signed by Edmund Randolph. This is a variant issue of the imprint recorded as Evans 27867 and ESTC W28074, which lacks the added text and signature, and is unrecorded there and in OCLC. Edmund Randolph became the second Secretary of State on Jan. 2, 1794, succeeding Thomas Jefferson, who resigned at the end of 1793. He continued the practice begun in the First Congress of the Secretary of State signing a small number of "official" copies of Congressional acts for distribution to the States and important government officials. After the Third Congress, official acts were no longer signed in manuscript by the Secretary of State. EVANS 27867 (ref.). ESTC W28074 (ref.).
      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
Last Found On: 2016-06-20           Check availability:      AbeBooks    

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