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GOLD RUSH NOVA SCOTIA: MACKINLAY'S MAP OF THE PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA, INCLUDING THE ISLAND OF CAPE BRETON COMPILED FROM ACTUAL & RECENT SURVEYS. 1865. [SHOWCASING THE GOLD RUSH DISTRICTS].
- This fine map is a magnificent example of both an important 19th Century North American Gold Rush map and an excellent topographical survey of Nova Scotia. All of Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and the adjacent parts of New Brunswick are portrayed with great geodetic accuracy, predicated on the latest official triangulated surveys. In Nova Scotia, every town and village is labeled, along with roads, post offices, telegraph lines and railways. Each county is beautifully distinguished in its own full original colour. The present map is a special updated edition of MacKinlay’s 1862 survey of Nova Scotia, which won the Bronze Medal in the Best Regional Cartography competition at the 1867 Paris Exposition. Most notably, this 1865 edition (unlike the earlier edition) features copious information relating to the First Nova Scotia Gold Rush, which lasted from 1861 to 1874. While over-shadowed in history by other gold rushes, such as the California Gold Rush (1848-55), the British Columbia Gold Rush (1858-62) and the Yukon-Klondike Gold Rush (1897-9), the First Nova Scotia Gold Rush was a major event that transformed the province’s economy and demography, as well the gold market in North America. This special edition of the map specifically labels Nova Scotia’s largest officially-designated gold mining districts in a red hue, while named ‘Xs’ mark the small mining districts. As shown, most of the main gold regions were located in Halifax and Guysborough counties, including the districts of Lawrencetown, Tangier, Oldham, Waverly, Sherbrooke, Wine Harbour and Stormont, while, further afield, were the gold districts of The Ovens, near Lunenburg and Middle River in Victoria Country, Cape Breton. Additionally, the map labels the famous coalfields in Cape Breton Island and in Pictou County. MacKinlay’s map is by far the finest general map to focus on the gold rush. The First Nova Scotia Gold Rush (1861 – 1874) The First Nova Scotia Gold Rush, which lasted from 1861 to 1874, was the largest event of its kind in eastern North America during the second half of the 19th Century. It is rumoured that gold was found in Nova Scotia as early as Sir Humphrey’s Gilbert’s visit in 1578, and the origin of names such as Cape Breton’s Bras d’Or Lake seem to relate to reported gold findings. Gold was ‘rediscovered’ in modern times in 1858, but it was not until 1861, that a proliferation of gold strikes along the Eastern Shore resulted in the start of a gold rush. The strikes caused in a state of hysteria amongst the region’s farmers, who abandoned their fields in order to prospect promising locations. Even prospectors who did not "strike it rich" were able to earn $100 dollars in a two to three month period, far more that they would earn in their traditional vocations. Floods of people set up illegal mining camps on both public and private lands, causing great concern in government circles. The Crown proceeded to set up 65 special mining districts, in which mining would be carefully regulated by authorities, while mining activities outside of the districts would be essentially banned. Many new communities were established by the miners and significant amounts of gold were assayed and sold in Halifax, before being sent way to places such as Montreal, New York, Boston and England. The gold rush lifted the province out of its economic doldrums and raised the price of gold in the Northeastern market, after a period of lower prices brought about the fall in supply from California and British Columbia. However, unlike the placer mining in California and British Columbia, gold mining in Nova Scotia required the metal to be extracted from quartz – a hard rock. This was both labour intensive and expensive, and as reserves began to run out in the early 1870s, the rush came to run cold. Nevertheless, the gold rush had a transformative effect on the province’s demographics and its economy, and was a major event in the history of mining and of the Canadian Maritimes.
      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Dasa Pahor]
Last Found On: 2015-11-20           Check availability:      ZVAB    

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