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2020-09-16 05:51:59
Jean-François Champollion
Jean-François Champollion, Who Lit the Candle That Illuminated Ancient Egypt, Seeks to Protect the Egyptian Antiquities Under His Care at the Louvre A very rare autograph: he decoded Hieroglyphics, and a substantial amount of our knowledge of the ancient world stems from his work
21/09/1830. Concerned about the safety of the artifacts under his care as Keeper of Antiquities at the Louvre, he seeks to avoid military serviceHistorically, scholars thought Hieroglyphics a complete mystery unlikely ever to be solved, and virtually nothing was known of Ancient Egypt nor understood of the writing it had left behind. Then, in 1799, Napoleon's troops discovered a stone in Rosetta, Egypt written in Greek, Hieroglyphics and Demotic, a cursive form of Hieroglyphics. The stone's contents were readily understood from the Greek, but the Hieroglyphic images remained indecipherable. Champollion was a child prodigy who graduated from language courses at age 11, and became a full professor at 19. He turned his attention to the Rosetta Stone to try and solve the puzzle. He determined that figures within ovals, called cartouches, represented proper names, then deciphered the names of Cleopatra and Ptolemy. These became the key to his unravelling the rest of the text. Champollion’s feat marked the first time an ancient script had been deciphered; others followed suit inspired by his success. He was appointed Keeper of Antiquities at the Louvre Museum in 1826.During the revolution of July 1830, the Louvre was ransacked by soldiers, damaging many of the artifacts in Champollion's care. And with a draft call out, he was concerned that he would be drafted and the priceless objects under his care and custodianship might be further imperiled.Autograph draft of a petition, signed, Paris, likely dated 21 September 1830. “J. F. Champollion the young member of the Institute s … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: The Raab Collection [United States]
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