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2020-05-20 11:04:05
Farrell, James T.
[Press release of November 24, 1943, on Supreme Court's refusal to hear appeal of 18 Minnesota leftists found guilty of advocating overthrow of government]
New York: Civil Rights Defense Committee, 1943. Six mimeographed typed pages, double-spaced, rectos only, stapled at top left and measuring 11 x 8 1/2 inches (280 x 215 mm). Folded twice for mailing. Press release criticizing the U.S. Supreme Court for refusing to hear the appeal of 18 leftists in Minnesota who were found guilty of advocating the violent overthrow of the government. The release was issued in the name of novelist James T. Farrell, chairman of the Civil Rights Defense Committee. The Supreme Court's refusal to hear the case "administered a blow to the cause of free speech," Farrell writes, adding that the court "showed itself more than inattentive to the provisions of the very Constitution which it has sworn to uphold." The 18 were found guilty under the Alien Registration Act, popularly known as the Smith Act after its author, Rep. Howard W. Smith of Virginia. This law, approved in 1940, required registration of all non-citizen immigrants. But it went much farther: The Act made it a crime to advocate forcible or violent overthrow of the government, or to publish or distribute material advocating violence with the intent of overthrowing the government. So for the first time since the Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798, America had a federal peacetime sedition law. (Harold L. Nelson and Dwight L. Teeter Jr., Law of Mass Communications: Freedom and Control of Print and Broadcast Media, The Foundation Press, Second Edition, 1973). The Minnesota case is especially notable because it was the first prosecution under the Smith Act. The government claimed the leftists … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: Le Bookiniste, ABAA-ILAB-IOBA [United States]
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