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2017-11-22 13:31:35
CUBA
A Collection of four defences made by Spanish military and naval officers of their conduct during the siege of Havana and its capture by the British in 1762]
[1764]. [Madrid] In 1762 the British government decided to act against the Spanish who had entered on the side of the French in the Seven Years War, and sent a large naval and military force - ships of the line, transports, over ten thousand troops, including a detachment of American troops - to Cuba under the command of Admiral Sir George Pocock and the inexperienced Earl of Albemarle (land forces). The aim was to attack Havana and capture it. The city was protected by two strong forts, one of which, El Morro, commanded the harbour. Attempts to reduce it by fire from naval guns proved ineffective but it was eventually mined, and on 30 July 1762, the breach was stormed. The attack was then turned on the city which surrendered on 13 August. The loss of Havana was a huge shock to Spain and to Spanish imperial prestige. Havana was in fact returned to the Spanish after only a short period of British rule, but the cost was the loss of Florida and essentially all real power in the Caribbean. Shipped back to Spain on British ships were Field-Marshal Prado, the admiral Marqués del Reale Transporte, the Viceroy of Peru, don José Antonio Manso de Velasco y Sánchez de Samaniego, Field Marshal Diego Tabares, who had been governor of Cartagena in the Indies, and more than nine hundred others, including military, naval and civilian officials, who were put on trial under a Council of War of which the president was the conde de Aranda, the prosecution brought for the Crown by a Fiscal. The documents here offered print the charges (in italic) which are quite short, followed by the much long … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: Maggs Bros. Ltd ABA, ILAB, PBFA, BA [London, United Kingdom]
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