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2019-07-11 12:33:23
Hero of Alexandria [Erone di Alessandria Heron (Alexandrinus)]
De gli automati, ouero machine se mouenti libri due, tradotti dal greco da Bernardino Baldi, Bertolini, Venice, 1601 [AUTOMATA, SELF-OPERATING MACHINES]
Venice: Bertolini, 1601. SECOND ITALIAN EDITION OF HERO OF ALEXANDRIA'S AUTOMATA, AN EARLY WORK ON THE ENGINEERING DETAILS OF SELF-OPERATING MACHINES (be they mechanical or pneumatic), complete with 22 illustrations. "In the pantheon of ancient experimenters and scientists, [Hero was] an unparalleled inventor and producer of the earliest automatic and robotic devices" (Ptak). The Dictionary of Scientific Biography observed that the automata Hero writes of and illustrates here "represent a marvel of ingenuity with very scant mechanical means" (DSB VI, 313). "The accounts of these automata are interesting as [they introduce] for the first time mechanisms that formed the basis of later machines. Among them are the crank, the camshaft, and systems of rotation with counter-weights" (Singer II, 634). A Greek mathematician, engineer, and experimentalist, Heron or Hero (c.10-c.70 AD) was the most influential Hellenistic scientist of his time, to date still the best representative of the extensive Roman and Hellenistic scientific tradition. He is thought to have been Greek and appears from his writings to have taught at the Museum in Alexandria, home to the famous Library of Alexandria. Complex mechanical devices are known to have existed in Hellenistic Greece, with automata of the era largely intended as prototypes for demonstrating basic scientific principles as well as toys, tools, and religious idols. Numerous designs for automata (referred to as 'thaumata' or miracles) appear in Hero's writings. Many though not all of those included in this work are theater related. The … [Click Below for Full Description]
Bookseller: Atticus Rare Books [West Branch, IA, U.S.A.]

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