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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1943

        The only known surviving cross tombstone recovered from the site of the German P.O.W. camp, Stalag Luft III ? site of "The Great Escape."

      [Zagen Poland], circa 1943-1944. 7" x 12" & 4" x 7". "A 7"" x 12"" stone cross recovered during the 1960s from the American Compound?s Main Cemetery, in the USAAF section of Stalag Luft III, in Zagen, Poland. Affixed to the cross is metal plate stamped with the German POW 4-digit number of the prisoner, and the letter ?A? for American: ?A 3478.? An inscription on the lower back of the cross reads: ?CROSS FROM STALAG LUFT III / AMERICAN COMPOUND MAIN CEMETERY / POW 3478 / GREAT ESCAPE CAMP /MARCH 44.? Offered together with a 4"" x 7"" wooden ""Remembrance Cross"" used by R.A.F. survivors and their families who made pilgrimages to Sagan to honor the commitment and spirit of the RAF in WWII. During their visit to Stalag Luft 3, in Zagan, Poland, a brief memorial service was held for the 50 officers murdered by the Gestapo after the Great Escape. This cross was displayed at the Memorial of the slain officers at Sagan. The stone cross bears numerous scratches, gouges and damage from when the Russian army bulldozed the cemetery in 1945-6. The wooden cross bears only light wear and scratches.From the collection of ""Great Escape"" relics assembled by the founder of ""The War Museum"" and will come with a special certificate for each item. As a collector and curator for over 50 years, these items largely obtained from former Allied prisoners of war as well as local farmers and townspeople in the town of Zagen, Poland (formerly Sagen, Germany). The camp is seven square miles in total and is covered in pine forests. In the last weeks of the war as the Russians reached the camp, the German guards hurriedly buried their equipment, changed into civilian clothes and fled. The Allied POW?s were sent on a forced march in the snow southward to Nurnberg, then to another camp at Moosburg where they were liberated on April 29, 1945. At Zagen there are still various compounds and many areas of derelict buildings and footings. In the 1950?s and ?60?s the local townsfolk and farmers explored and excavated relics from the areas which were only accessible with a four wheel drive vehicle in the more remote parts, having various maps and a compass and even then it was easy to get lost. Such relic hunting has not been permitted over the last several decades, making these early recoveries prized and sought after pieces of history. The camp is virtually inaccessible by foot apart from an area near to the Zagan POW Museum. Most of the relic floor & roof tiles, floor boards, drain pipe pieces, electrical insulators from the high-voltage fences, barbed wire, etc. all have their identical counterparts in the Zagan POW Museum.The P.O.W. camp at Sagen was known as Stalag Luft III, and was managed by the Luftwaffe to house Allied airmen downed over Germany. The Germans established the camp, located in Lower Silesia, in March 1942 and the camp remained in service until January 1945. It was the scene of two famous escape plots, both involving tunneling: one in 1943, which was depicted in the film The Wooden Horse (1950) and another in 1944, immortalized in the 1963 film The Great Escape (1963) starring Steve McQueen, James Garner, Richard Attenborough, Charles Bronson, and James Coburn. Unlike the film, the real-life ""Great Escape"" did not involve Hollywood stars or props, but rather was an extremely sophisticated attempt to mount a mass escape of 200 or more prisoners via a tunnel dug from inside one of the barracks to the woods outside the perimeter of the camp. Tunneling was particularly difficult at Stalag Luft III, as the Germans had established the P.O.W. camp specifically in order to prevent the practice. The barracks stood on raised platforms so any tunnel started within could be easily detected. Complicating matters further, the sub-surface soil was sandy and bright yellow which contrasted sharply with the drab, gray surface soil, thus rendering it difficult to mask tunneling projects as the excess soil would stand out when dumped on the surface. The prisoners employed a wide range of subtle ruses to dispose of the soil without tipping off the guards. The sandy sub-soil was also prone to collapse, further hindering tunneling operations. The plot, conceived by R.A.F. Squadron Leader Roger Bushell, played by Attenborough in the 1963 film, in the Spring of 1943, involved the construction of several tunnels simultaneously so that if one was discovered, the others would hopefully remain secret. The strategy proved successful. When one of the long tunnels was uncovered, the guards stopped their search as they could not imagine that two others were still under construction. The tunnel that ultimately proved successful was nicknamed ""Harry."" The entrance was hidden beneath the tiles of a stove housed in one corner of a barrack and the 102 meter tunnel ran beneath two barbed wire fences and was to emerge in the trees just beyond the outer perimeter. Although over 600 prisoners worked on the tunnels only 200 were slated to use it for their escape.On the night of March 24, 1944, the prisoners began their escape. Much to their dismay, as they emerged on the other side, they realized that the tunnel entrance was short of the tree line. Amazingly, 76 men escaped through the tunnel before guards spotted what was going on. As the 77th man surrendered to the guards, the others bolted into the woods. Of the 76 that escaped, 73 were recaptured?"half of which were executed by the SS. "

      [Bookseller: University Archives]
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        CELLINI SMITH: DETECTIVE.

      Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1943. - First edition. Author's third mystery novel. Fine in dust jacket with light professional restoration to spine ends, corners, and extremities. A Cellini Smith novel in which he is hired by a group of hoboes to solve the murder of a young hobo, Danny Meade. The hoboes are certain that local members of a rival hobo organization, known as the "Ramblers" are the likely suspects. The motive in the case involves the location of a deposit of tungsten ore, a material needed for the war effort. Much of the action takes place in a burlesque theater, giving Reeves another opportunity to display his knowledge of show business. On July 22, 1942, a thirty-year-old bachelor named Robert Reeves, enlisted in the U. S. Army. Eventually he was assigned to the Army Air Corps, serving in the 500th Bombardment Squadron of the 345th Bombardment Group. While in the service, Reeves continued to write and in the years 1943 to 1945, he had one novel, CELLINI SMITH: DETECTIVE, and three short stories published. His unit, the 500th Bomb Squadron, flew B-25 medium bombers on combat missions in the South Pacific from June 1943 to the end of the war. Official records show that Reeves died on July 11, 1945, only a month before the war ended. The Armchair Detective, Volume 18, Number 2, page 188 says, "Although now virtually forgotten, Robert Reeves was a talented mystery novelist and an important BLACK MASK writer. His untimely death cut short a career which had the potential of becoming a notable one." An exceptional copy of a difficult title. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: BUCKINGHAM BOOKS, ABAA, ILAB]
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        Views and costums of the city and neibourhood of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 1819-20,

      Rio de Janeiro, Livraria Kosmos, 1943., - Olderband m. Goldprägung Chamberlain, Views and costumes of the city and neibourhood of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1819-20, hrsg. in limitierter Auflage (1315 Stk.) v. Livraria Kosmos, Erich Eichner & Cia, Rio de Janeiro, 1943 unter den Titel "Vistas e costumes da cidade e arredores do Rio de Janeiro en 1819-20 segundo desenhos feitos pelo Tte. Chamberlain. Mit 36 hochqualitatitven farbigen Offset-Lithographien m. Darstellungen v. 1819/20 u. 1 zusätzl. Offset-Lithographie sowie 6 erstveröffentlichte Zeichnugen, Folio quer (2°), Olderband m. Goldprägung a. Rücken, leicht bestessen auf Vorderdeckel, Textsetien etwas gebräunt, ansonsten Top-Zustand! Sehr rare Erstausgabe d. 1943 nur 1 x wiederveröffentlichten tollen Bildwerken v. Chamberlain. Weitere Fotsos sind auf Anfrage verfügbar! Sprache: Deutsch

      [Bookseller: Alte Bücherwelt]
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        The Little Prince

      New York: Reynal & Hitchcock,, 1943. Quarto. Finely bound by the Chelsea Bindery in terracotta morocco, titles to spine in black, two raised bands, pictorial block of The Little Prince to front board in black, twin rule to turn-ins in black, dark green endpapers, gilt edges. With colour illustrations by the author. A fine copy. First edition, first printing. The original manuscript was in the author's native French, but it was both written and published in America, the English and French editions appearing in April 1943, perhaps simultaneously.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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        The Lady in the Lake: A Philip Marlow Mystery

      New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1943. First edition / First printing. Green cloth. Fine in a near fine dust jacket. No restoration, a remarkable copy.. Chandler's fourth book. $2.00 Net Price present.

      [Bookseller: Orpheus Books]
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        The Golden Carpet [together with;] The Silver Crescent

      London: The Golden Cockerel Press,, 1943. Published by Permission of the War Office. 2 volumes quarto. The first in full green, and the second full blue morocco by Sangorski & Sutcliffe, titles gilt to spines, gilt edge-roll, single fillet gilt to the turn-ins, top edges gilt, the others uncut. Each in the white linen slipcase as issued. Photogravure portrait frontispiece to each and numerous similar illustrations to the text of the second, the majority full-page, maps to the endpapers. Spine sunned as usual, narrow strip of tan-burn from the turn-ins to the free endpapers, slightly later gift inscriptions to both, but overall very good. First editions, each in a signed edition limited of 300 copies of which just 30 were in the full binding as here, copies 16 and 25 respectively. de Chair was Intelligence Officer with "Kingcol", a Flying Column of less than 1,500 men under the Command of Brig.-Gen. Kingstone. This tiny force was sent from Palestine to Baghdad to deal with the effects of the "Golden Square" coup amongst pro-Nazi Iraqi Military Officers. Despite the air support extended to the Iraqis by the German and Italian air forces, the operation was a complete success, Baghdad falling on 30th May 1941, the books cover this and subsequent operations in Syria. Reviewed in the Spectator on the issue of the composite trade edition in 1944 as "a fascinating and well-told story … in the tradition of T. E. Lawrence, and one worthy to take its place in the history of British soldiers' heroic campaigns in the Near East".

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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        Autograph Letter Signed, two separate 4to pages, Alaska, Sept. 1, 1943

      - This is a rare fully autograph letter as most of Hammett's letters are typed. Hammett writes to Army buddy Captain Isadore Gottlieb stationed in Tampa, Florida, talking about life in Alaska, friends they have in common, and the war. Hammett refers to his location in Alaska as "my present spot isn't what you'd call conveniently located in relation to women and whisky? [but] the air is fresh here. But can you drink? fresh air with a beer chaser?" He then offers information about other Army buddies and asks if Gottlieb knows of some others. "My bunch seems to have left Sea Girt? Monash beat the game and got out of the army with an honorable discharge?." He informs Gottlieb that according to another friend Monash is happier now "doing radio programs." Other buddies in common include Figaro and "the big boy from Altoona." Regarding the war, Hammett tells his friend that "there isn't any local news? rumors about what's going to happen to us float through the air a dozen a minute? but it's a long time since I've wasted any ink copying down latrinograms." The letter is signed, "Hammett," with his full Army APO Seattle address written at the end. Our research indicates the letter is unpublished as of 2001. Hammett was a veteran of World War I where he contracted Spanish flu and tuberculosis. He subsequently pulled strings in order to join up during World War II after the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Hammett spent most of the war in the Aleutian Islands, where he edited a popular Army newspaper "The Adakian," from 1944 to 1945. [Attributes: Signed Copy]

      [Bookseller: Schulson Autographs, Ltd.]
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        GAZZETTA DELLA ASSOCIAZIONE AGRARIA

      A. Burdin editore 1943 - 4 2 voll. in 4. Anno 1o n.1 (6 aprile 1843) - n.39 (28 dicembre 1843). Anno II n. 1 (4 gennaio 1844) - n. 51 (20 dicembre 1844). pp. (2) + 382; (2) + 382. M. pl. coeva con fr. oro. Prime due annate di questa importante pubblicazione che ebbe vita sino al 1848. La pubblicazione nacque come organo della Associazione agraria subalpina, fondata il 31 maggio del 1842 da un gruppo di personalita' piemontesi che si riuni' attorno a Cesare Alfieri di Sostegno. Ilarione Petitti, Cesare Vegezzi e Camillo Benso di Cavour. Proprio quest'ultimo fu attivissimo collaboratore dell'associazione e della gazzetta pur entrando in polemica con la parte sinistra della dirigenza, in particolare in relazione all'istituzione dei poderi modello, tentativo che il Cavour riteneva inutile e dannosa e contro la quale scrisse un pesante articolo (31 agosto 1843). L' associazione si riprometteva di migliorare le condizioni dell'agricoltura e di favorire la diffusione delle tecniche agrarie e l'accrescimento culturale degli agricoltori. Nel 1843 l'associazione tenne il primo congresso agrario a Pollenzo e comunque stimolo' la nascita di comizi agrari in molte localita' del Piemonte. Molti sono i temi toccati dalla rivista, tra questi l'istituzione di banche agrarie (viene annunciata ad esempio la nascita della Cassa di Risparmio di Asti ), il problema della grandine (come combatterla, le assicurazioni ecc.), la coltivazione del gelso in Bistagno , la coltura olivaria (March. Del Carretto di Balestrino), bisogni agrari della Lomellina, considerazioni sull'aratro Di Sambuy, macchina per battere il riso dell'ing. Colli (Cavour). Di particolare interesse anche gli interventi del marchese Ridolfi. ITA

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Coenobium]
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        Arrival and Departure.

      Jonathan Cape, London 1943 - First edition of the third novel . Octavo, original cloth. Inscribed by the author on the half title page in the month of publication, "Elisa Mann from Arthur Koestler London, 24.XI.43." Near fine in a very good dust jacket. Written during the middle of World War II, Arrival and Departure reflects Koestler's own plight as a Hungarian refugee. Like Koestler, the main character is a former member of the Communist party. He escapes to 'Neutralia', a neutral country based on Portugal, where Koestler himself had gone, and flees from there. Reviewing Arrival and Departure in December 1943 George Orwell called it notable "for what must be one of the most shocking descriptions of Nazi terrorism that have ever been written." [Attributes: First Edition; Signed Copy; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Raptis Rare Books, ABAA/ ILAB]
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        Poemas (1922 - 1943)

      Editorial Losada, Buenos Aires 1943 - Algunas anotaciones a lápiz. Manchas de humedad en algunas de sus páginas. Algún deterioro en su tapa posterior. El libro perteneció al escritor uruguayo J.C. Onetti, quien escribio en la página de respeto "Te ofrezco la lealtad de un hombre que nunca ha sido leal".(ver fotografía) WE SEND (free of charge) video demonstration of the conservation status of the book. ENVIAMOS (a solicitud y sin cargo) video de demostración del estado de conservación del ejemplar. [Attributes: First Edition; Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Eduardo Martínez Moreira]
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        World War II life in Hawaii and the Pacific, as recorded in a collection of 129 postcards showing scenes in the Hawaiian Islands, almost all with manuscript messages from Chambers to members of his family concerning his activities in World War II and life in Hawaii and elsewhere in the Pacific theater, generally writing a single letter using several cards sequentially (such groups presumably then mailed together in envelopes, not present here; approximately 7500 words in total).

      1943-1945, Various places in the Pacific, 1943 - 129 postcards (including a few duplicates), almost all 3 1/2 x 5 3/8 inches, including 83 black-and-white real photo postcards, 41 color real photo postcards, and four color illustrated postcards, picturing scenes of native life in Hawaii, surfers, a luau, hula dancers, pineapple fields and other agricultural pursuits, native plants, public buildings, and island scenery, most with printed captions; included are 33 complete letters home (each letter on one to four postcards, totaling 83 cards and approximately 5000 words), five letters lacking the salutation card and two letters lacking the closing card (19 cards total, approximately 1000 words), 23 unmatched cards (8 salutations, 7 interior pages, 8 closings, approximately 1500 words), and two cards without messages, one with a return address only, and one to a family member from another soldier. Chambers, a corporal with Battery B, 811 Anti-Aircraft Artillery, Automatic Weapons Battalion, was from Madison, Indiana; he was stationed in the Pacific theater for three years, often recording his location, in his messages, as "somewhere in the South Pacific Ocean." At one point he mentions being short only ten points for discharge, saying the army would not give extra credit for his time on Canton Island (in the Phoenix Island chain between Hawaii and Fiji); along the way he mentions the heat, salt water, "night visitors" when the moon is too bright, baseball games between army and navy teams, with some big league players participating, the death of Ernie Pyle, etc. His misery comes through occasionally and longing for home, despite efforts to allay his family’s fears. A personalized view of the Hawaiian Islands and the Pacific theater in World War II, combined with a pictorial record of the islands during that period. Some images rubbed or a bit faded, but a very good lot. (#6406)

      [Bookseller: Bartleby's Books, ABAA]
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        SHERLOCK HOLMES IN WASHINGTON (Unique Manuscript Archive for the 1943 original Universal film adaptation based on Arthur Conan Doyle's famous characters of Holmes and Watson)

      Universal Studios, Burbank, California 1943 - This unique studio archive consists of FOUR original studio scripts: an original writer's preliminary ribbon typescript, a heavily corrected official first draft, a revised shooting script, and the final post-production dialogue continuity script, all stamped with the film's production number (7074). In short, the entire creative writing arc of this film from soup to nuts, and a treasure trove of primary material relating to the third of Universal's most endearing and enduring film series of the 1940s starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce. 1. Dated April 8th, 1942, Bertram Millhauser's brad-bound complete 116pp original first draft ribbon-copy typescript (on watermarked paper) with the temporary title: "Sherlock Holmes #3" noted on the typically bland WW2 Universal Studio covers. In Very Good condition. There are a few penciled pagination changes toward the end of the screenplay. 2. Dated July 1st, 1942, Millhauser and Riggs' "Revised Final" is a complete 115pp manuscript draft which consists of a heavily corrected mix of original watermarked ribbon typescript and studio-mimeographed pink pages, detailed red-penciled marginal corrections, additions, and emendations abound. Brad-bound in studio drab covers, typically worn but contents Very Good indeed. 3. Dated July 8th, 1942, an 112pp shooting script with studio-mimeographed blue-and white pages. Studio cover brittle but contents are clean and in Very Good condition. 4. Dated September 11th, 1942, complete in studio-mimeographed self-wrappers, the final dialogue continuity script, bound with two brads at the top, in Very Good condition. SHERLOCK HOLMES IN WASHINGTON opened on April 30th, 1943 to excellent critical reviews, especially for director Roy William Neill who used a few well-enacted Hitchcock elements to the twisty plot. There was also overwhelming praise from a thrilled public despite the fact Basil Rathbone switched his iconic pipe for cigarettes! A comprehensive one-of-a-kind archive unlikely to exist elsewhere in private hands. Please check out the other Sherlock Holmes original screenplays we have in stock. [Attributes: First Edition; Signed Copy; Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Lakin & Marley Rare Books ABAA]
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        FOUR QUARTETS

      New York:: Harcourt, Brace. (1943).. First U.S. edition, preceding the UK hardback edition. Collects BURNT NORTON, EAST COKER, THE DRY SALVAGES, and LITTLE GIDDING. Cyril Connolly included FOUR QUARTETS in his "Modern Movement: 100 Key Books 1880-1950," saying it was "the most important poem since Yeat's The Tower, and, as many think, of the century." The four titles comprising FOUR QUARTETS were first published separately as pamphlets in London in 1941 and '42. This first printing states "first American edition" and is one of only 788 copies released. A bright, near fine copy in black cloth with bright gilt lettering on spine; in the first-state dust jacket with $2.00 price in upper corner of front flap, back flap blank, and the nine titles listed in bold print on the back panel ending with "Old Possum's." The dust jacket was designed by E. McKnight Kauffer. It shows a small chip to top edge rear panel, short closed tear to top edge front panel, and tiny chips on corners and spine ends. The rear panel is also little darkened but otherwise the dust jacket is very good to near fine. .

      [Bookseller: Quill & Brush]
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        The Fountainhead

      Very Good Bobbs Merrill Company 1943. J Book Condition: Hardcover Dust Jacket Condition: Very Good. Bobbs Merrill Company, New York 1943. First Edition / First Printing. Stated First Edition, no additional printings. Green cloth boards. Early jacket with Ayn Rand's photo at the rear panel with 3 reviews. Book Condition: Very Good-, shelf wear, rubbing, rounded corners. Age toning, spots at the endpaper, owner inscription at the endpaper. Dust Jacket Condition: Very Good, shelf wear, short tears, age toning. Light spots, blacked out price. Wrapped in a new removable mylar cover.

      [Bookseller: 1st Editions and Antiquarian Books]
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        Töpffer et son petit theatre. Manuscrit original de Paul Chaponniere accompagne d'une lettre manuscrite (de l'auteur) pour le Journal de Geneve, signe.

      Lausanne, s.d. (ca 1943),. gr. in-8°, 1 ff. (titre) + 48 p. d'ecriture bien lisible, reliure en parchemin (reliure signee Werner Wirtz, Lausanne).. Please notify before visiting to see a book. Prices are excl. VAT/TVA (only Switzerland) & postage.

      [Bookseller: Harteveld Rare Books Ltd.]
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        De la louange à la souveraineté Manuscrit autographe et tapuscrit complets EDITION ORIGINALE ENVOI AUTOGRAPHE

      s.l.|(Paris): S.n. (Journal des débats), 1943. Fine. S.n. (Journal des débats), s.l. (Paris) s.d. (1943), 13,5x21cm & 6 pages in-4, 4 1/2 pages in-8. - Autograph manuscript of the author of four and a half pages in-8 published in the issue dated 2 June 1943 the Journal of Debates. Complete manuscript writing very dense, with many erasures, corrections and additions. Literary chronicle of the work of Georges Dumézil complete typescript is attached. Between April 1941 and August 1944, Maurice Blanchot published in the "Chronicle of the intellectual life" of the Journal of Debates 173 articles on recently published books. In a half-page newspaper (about seven pages in-8), the young author of "Thomas the Obscure" his first steps in the field of literary criticism and inaugurates a theoretical work that develop later Many in these essays, "The Share of fire" to "The Infinite Conversation" and "The Writing disaster." From the very first articles, Blanchot demonstrates a sharp analysis far beyond the current literature that motivates writing. Oscillating between classical and modern writers of the first order and minor novelists, he puts in his columns, the foundations of critical thinking which will mark the second half of the twentieth. Transformed by writing and by war, Blanchot breaks, over a thought exerted "on behalf of the other," with violent maurassiennes certainties of his youth. Not without paradox, then it transforms literary criticism philosophical act of intellectual resistance to barbarism at the heart of an "openly marechalist" newspaper: "Burning a book, write, are the two acts between culture which registered its oscillations opposites "(The Book, In Journal of Debates, January 20, 1943). In 2007, Cahiers de la NRF together under the direction of Christophe Bident all literary chronic unpublished volumes with critical analysis of the relevant work of Blanchot "novels, poems, essays give rise to a singular reflection, always safer his own rhetoric, delivered more to echo the impossible or the lure of extinction. (...) Not without contradictions or step aside, and the certainty of a feverish work begins (... ) these articles reveal the genealogy of a critic who has transformed during the chronicle necessity of thought. " (C. Bident). The autograph manuscripts of Maurice Blanchot are of great rarity. - [FRENCH VERSION FOLLOWS] Manuscrit autographe de l'auteur de 4 pages et demie in-8 publiée dans le numéro du 2 Juin 1943 du Journal des Débats. Manuscrit complet à l'écriture très dense, comportant de nombreuses ratures, corrections et ajouts. Chronique littéraire publiée à l'occasion de la parution de Servius et la fortune de Georges Dumézil. On joint le tapuscrit complet. En consacrant son étude aux travaux de Dumézil sur Servius, Blanchot pose un jalon capital dans l'évolution de sa propre pensée, le passage d'une conviction politique à un engagement littéraire. Cette réflexion sur la souveraineté conduit en effet l'ancien maurassien à réorienter son système de valeur, soumettant le pouvoir du prince à la bienveillance du peuple  : « La louange des hommes est une divinité sous le patronage de laquelle se place le souverain choisi par la voix publique ». Partant de cette légitimation du souverain par la parole du poète et de son aliénation par la « puissance du blâme », Blanchot évolue vers une puissance magique de la parole, d'abord à l'usage du souverain : « son pouvoir royal (...) n'est réel que par la maîtrise qu'il a sur les mots » ; puis « dépassant toute forme d'échange. [La poésie] est par excellence ce qui est donné, ce qui manifeste le don des dieux en assurant le crédit des hommes. » La position de Maurice Blanchot est à présent parfaitement établie : il ne sacrifie pas la Politique pour les Lettres, il affirme la prédominance du littéraire sur le politique et désormais dévoue entièrement sa vie « à la littérature et au silence qui lui est propre ». Entre avril 1941 et août 1944, Maurice Blanchot publia dans la "Chronique de la vie intellectuelle" du Journal des Débats 173 articles sur les livres récemment parus. Dans une demi-page de journal (soit environ sept pages in-8), le jeune auteur de "Thomas l'obscur" fait ses premiers pas dans le domaine de la critique littéraire et inaugure ainsi une oeuvre théorique qu'il développera plus tard dans ces nombreux essais, de "La Part du feu" à "L'Entretien infini" et "L'Écriture du désastre". Dès les premiers articles, Blanchot fait preuve d'une acuité d'analyse dépassant largement l'actualité littéraire qui en motive l'écriture. Oscillant entre classiques et modernes, écrivains de premier ordre et romanciers mineurs, il pose, dans ses chroniques, les fondements d'une pensée critique qui marquera la seconde partie du XXe. Transformé par l'écriture et par la guerre, Blanchot rompt, au fil d'une pensée exercée "au nom de l'autre", avec les violentes certitudes maurassiennes de sa jeunesse. Non sans paradoxe, il transforme alors la critique littéraire en acte philosophique de résistance intellectuelle à la barbarie au cœur même d'un journal "ouvertement maréchaliste": "Brûler un livre, en écrire, sont les deux actes entre lesquels la culture inscrit ses oscillations contraires" (Le Livre, In Journal des Débats, 20 janvier 1943). En 2007, les Cahiers de la NRF réunissent sous la direction de Christophe Bident toutes les chroniques littéraires non encore publiées en volumes avec cette pertinente analyse du travail critique de Blanchot : "romans, poèmes, essais donnent lieu à une réflexion singulière, toujours plus sûre de sa propre rhétorique, livrée davantage à l'écho de l'impossible ou aux sirènes de la disparition. (...) Non sans contradictions ni pas de côté, et dans la certitude fiévreuse d'une œuvre qui commence (...) ces articles révèlent la généalogie d'un critique qui a transformé l'occasion de la chronique en nécessité de la pensée." (C. Bident). Les manuscrits autographes de Maurice Blanchot sont d'une grande rareté.

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Cyclopedia on Pawnbroking.

      Cincinnati: J. W. Taylor Publishing Co., 1943 - Octavo. Original brown cloth, spine and front board lettered silver, top edge red. Spine rolled, upper tip bumped; an excellent copy in the jacket with bright front panel, toned spine and some loss to spine ends. First edition, inscribed on the front free endpaper ("Compliments of Henry G. Hodges") and dated 11 January 1949. A study of the social and economic problems presented by the pawnbroking industry, in which Hodges advocates legislation, licensing, regulations and sanctions. "Pawnbroking literature is about as scarce today as was that on the subject of syphilis at the beginning of the century. Since there are at least as many citizens personally interested in the former as the latter, one wonders why pawnbroking is still so little discussed as a social and economic problem after more than a thousand years of operation whereas syphilis has no organised defenders, the good deeds of pawnbrokers are heralded, and their evil practices defended by paid public relations experts and legislative lobbies" (preface). [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington. ABA member]
 17.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Kriegsmarine ( um 1943/1944 ), Kiel ? diverses Dikjen - Deel ( Sylt ), umfangreiches Papier Konvolut mit diversen Dokumenten, Photos , privaten und ofiziellen Aufzeichnungen und anderes. Eine Mappe mit dem Titel : Dienstpläne , Themen , Namenszug : OBmt. W.() - Die Mappe enthält diverse Dokumente Papier wie z.B. diverse Rekrutendienstpläne ( lose und eingeheftet) , Schulschießen, Dienstanweisungen u.a. jeweils mit den Unterschriften des Ko-Chef oder Einstellungsoffizier, sehr viele kopierte und handschriftliche Notizen, Zettel u.u.u. , häufig auf sehr dünnem Papier , ein Sportabzeichen Heft mit vielen Stempeln ( Dieses Heft gehörte einem Herrn B. ) . Desweiteren ein konvolut handschriftlicher und getippter Bewertungen von diversen namentlic

      1943 / 1944. 1943 - Zustand : Papiere teils altersüblich angeblasst oder geringf. fleckig, teilweise an den Blatträndern angerändert und sonstige übliche Lagerspuren . Dokumente teilweise gelocht , einige noch in einem Hefter - //- Kriegsmarine ( um 1943/1944 ), Kiel ? diverses Dikjen - Deel ( Sylt ), umfangreiches Papier Konvolut mit diversen Dokumenten, Photos , privaten und ofiziellen Aufzeichnungen und anderes. Eine Mappe mit dem Titel : Dienstpläne , Themen , Namenszug : OBmt. W.() - Die Mappe enthält diverse Dokumente Papier wie z.B. diverse Rekrutendienstpläne ( lose und eingeheftet) , Schulschießen, Dienstanweisungen u.a. jeweils mit den Unterschriften des Ko-Chef oder Einstellungsoffizier, sehr viele kopierte und handschriftliche Notizen, Zettel u.u.u. , häufig auf sehr dünnem Papier , ein Sportabzeichen Heft mit vielen Stempeln ( Dieses Heft gehörte einem Herrn B. ) . Desweiteren ein konvolut handschriftlicher und getippter Bewertungen von diversen namentlich genannten Personen ( meist Matrosen - wohl Beurteilung o.ä.) Anbei ein kleines Kuvert mit ca. 20 Photos - davon ca. 10 mit themenbezogenen Motiven oder Personendarstellungen. Kieler Lehrheft Nr.4 Geschichte der Kriegsmarine . Desweiteren einige unbeschriftete Feldpostbriefe, 3 größere Photographien auf Karton - davon eines handschriftlich betitelt und signiert ( Landschaft Düne Wasser ? schlecht lesbar) 100 Sprache: Deutsch Gewicht in Gramm: 1200 [Attributes: Signed Copy; Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Versandhandel Rosemarie Wassmann]
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        Bean Harvest

      Good. 1943. Hardcover. Carbon copy typescript for what was to become John L. Sinclair's novel In Time of Harvest. The novel follows the story of a homesteading family in the Estancia valley of southern New Mexico during the 1920s and 1930s. Sinclair was disinherited from his aristocratic family after he was waylaid in New Mexico on the way to start a cattle ranch in British Columbia. In his remaining sixty years in New Mexico, he worked as a cowboy and then developed his career as a writer while working at state museums and monuments. In Time of Harvest was his first novel. Signed on title page. In two faded blue cloth-covered binders, labeled on spines. Some corrections throughout text, a few pages have torn at the holes. ; 4to 11" - 13" tall; Signed by Author .

      [Bookseller: Back of Beyond Books, ABAA]
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        Plástica Constructiva Elementarista

      Montevideo, Taller Torres-García 1943 - 12 x 17 cm. Este es uno de los 4 panfletos que se publicaron con motivo de la Exposición "Plástica Constructiva Eelmenatrista" del taller Torres-García en Septiembre de 1943. Estos panfletos resumían las teorías constructivas de Torres-García, en un momento de gran conflicto entre sus postulados y la sociedad uruguaya. Estos textos fueron reproducidos en las paredes. Este panfleto y los otros tres están referenciados en el catálogo de la exposición "La Escuela del Sur y su legado" que tuvo lugar en el Museo Reina Sofía de Madrid (MNCARS)en 1991, comisariada por Mari Carmen Ramírez y Cecilia Torres [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Largine]
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        About the Alcoholic Husband

      THE ALCOHOLIC FOUNDATION, NEW YORK 1943 - front page last paragraph p.o. box 459 grand central annex, new york 17. ," New York City started using the 2 digit zipcode in 1943 Even though This is stamped "Thursday Nite Group, Room 203 8:00 PM Monday 1932 Seneca Hotel. I purchased this from Southbridge MA. in 1981. General wear. Foxing to pages. Pencil inscription with the words" Not Catalogued" on top of front cover. The book starts on page 117 Chapter 8 and ends on page 134, making it a 17 page book. Stapled bound Rust on staple bindings.Folds and chippings to edges. DATE PUBLISHED: 1943 EDITION: 17 [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Princeton Antiques Bookshop]
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        Pantagruel

      1943. DERAIN, André. Les Horribles et Espovantables Faictz et Prouesses du Très Renommé Pantagruel, Roy des Dipsodes, fils du Grand Géant Gargantua [The Horrible and Terrifying Deeds and Words of the Very Renowned Pantagruel King of the Dipsodes, Son of the Great Giant Gargantua]. Text by Francois Rabelais. [2], 187, [11] pp. Illustrated with a total of 179 unsigned woodcuts printed in colour, including: 39 full-page colour woodcuts, 89 smaller colour woodcuts, 34 colour-printed initials, and 17 colour-printed decorative ornaments. Folio, 350 x 280 mm, bound loose as issued in the original wrappers with title-label on front cover, preserved in original vellum-backed chemise in cardboard slipcase. Paris: Albert Skira, 1943. |~||~||~| Derain's Pantagruel is considered to be one the landmarks of modern book illustration. It was a remarkable publishing event, being created and produced in Paris in the middle of the Second World War. Inspired by Medieval playing cards, Derain spent two years working on the 179 woodcuts for this book. Instead of using separate blocks for individual colours, each woodcut was printed from a single block with all colours applied à la poupée. As is also true with Matisse's Jazz, that process resulted in each pull of each woodcut being akin to a monotype, offering a unique impression of the image. The original Pantagruel by Rabelais was published around 1532. It was so full of vulgarities, scatological humor, and irreverent behavior, that it was immediately condemned by the church and deemed obscene by the Sorbonne, guaranteeing the book's enduring popularity! "As the initiator of Fauve painting, which stunned the world at the Salon d'Automne of 1905, Derain stood shoulder to shoulder with Henri Matisse (1869-1954)…. Derain also created designs for opera, theater, and ballet; most notably Diaghilev's Le Boutique fantasque (1919). During World War II, when the Germans invaded France, Derain's home was requisitioned and his preliminary blocks for Pantagruel were locked away for several years. Ultimately, he was allowed back into the house and somehow able to import the enormous amount of paper needed to print nearly 3000 pages for the edition of 275 copies" (Julie L. Mellby "Graphic Arts, Exhibitions, acquisitions, and other highlights from the Graphic Arts Collection, Princeton University Library" online). The coloured illustrations were printed by Lacouriere, the great French craftsman best known for his work with copper plates. This copy is limited to 275. The colophon signed by Derain. The Artist and the Book 81. From Manet to Hockney 111. Skira 91. Rauch 38. Garvey & Wick, The Arts of the French Book 1900-1965, 27. Logan 118.

      [Bookseller: Ursus Rare Books]
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        Imitación de Cristo (y ) Avisos Espirituales del Padre Juan Eusebio Nieremberg. Prólogo de José A. de Laburu

      Buenos Aires, José Ballesta, Editor, 1943. 4to. mayor; 3 hs., 544 pp. y una lámina. Texto orlado. Encuadernación original en tela.

      [Bookseller: Hesperia Libros]
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        LEST WE FORGET: THE MASSACRE OF THE WARSAW GHETTO

      New York: The World Jewish Congress;. 1943. Paperback. 40 p. , paper; first edition, published September 1943. Paperback, 40 pages, 8vo. Published the same year as the uprising, one of the first reports published in the US. Important. What may be the first ever published map of Treblinka, as well as a map of the Warsaw Ghetto on the rear cover. "The ghosts of the heroes of the gehtto battle will forever honor the streets....But persistent reports in the press in spring and summer 1943 indicate that not only their spirit but also their successors survive and carry on the fight there. The curtain may not yet have been rung down" (conclusion). Very Good+ Condition. An Ouststanding Copy. (Holo2-125-22) .

      [Bookseller: Dan Wyman Books]
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        Tree Grows in Brooklyn

      1943. Signed. SMITH, Betty.A Tree Grows in Brooklyn.New York: Harper & Brothers, (1943).First edition of Betty Smith?'s scarce first novel, inscribed, ?"To Bill with love, Betty Smith, June 1960, Chapel Hill, N. Car.?"Betty Smith credited Thomas Wolfe?'s 1935 novel Of Time and the River with releasing her childhood memories of tenement life in turn-of-the-century Brooklyn. Her first novel, A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, was published in 1943. ?"At the time of Smith?'s death, six million copies had been produced in 37 printings, and it had been translated into 16 languages. The novel itself is beautifully written and unpretentious, a powerful evocation of a time and place?" (DAB).Bruccoli & Clark III:296. New York Public Library Books of the Century, 207.Interior fine; light rubbing to cloth extremities, fading to spine. Mild wear, shallow chipping to extremities of bright dust jacket. An extremely good copy, scarce inscribed.

      [Bookseller: Bauman Rare Books]
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        Manuscript diary account of rescue of B-17 "PN9E"

      Greenland, Beach Head Rescue Station, 1943. 70pp. 12mo. Spiral bound notebook, minor dampstaining to one leaf not affecting legibility. 70pp. 12mo. Poignant diary recounting one of the legendary rescue missions of WWII. "The most remarkable Arctic rescue of World War II involved the B17-PN9E, which was reported missing somewhere in Greenland on Nov. 9, 1942. An air search was launched and on Nov. 24 the plane finally was discovered by Col. Bernt Balchen 40 miles inland from the Greenland coast. Thus began a rescue mission that lasted nearly five months" (National Museum of the USAF online). The B-17 was searching for a downed USAAF Douglas C-53 cargo plane when it hit a white-out and crashed on a glacier. The attempt to rescue the men of the B-17 left a trail of casualties: first the Grumman Duck with the loss of its pilot, Lt. John Pritchard, his radio man RM1 Benjamin Bottoms, and the CPL Loren Howath, the B-17 radio man whom they'd just rescued. In the several rescue missions that followed another two men were lost when they disappeared into crevasses. The final rescue effort took place in March and April when Col. Balchen reached the remaining B-17 crew members and had them flown back to the rescue station. Because the plane would otherwise have been too heavy, Balchen and his three man rescue party hiked back to the Beach Head Station at Comanche Bay where they arrived on April 16, 1943. For this Balchen was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. Gerard Hearn was the Chief Pharmacist's mate and his diary recounts the major events of events outlined above in real time, as communications continue to reach the Beach Head Rescue station where Hearn had just been reassigned from the USCG Northland in anticipation of the arrival of 2nd Lieut. William O'Hara, the B-17's badly injured navigator. O'Hara had been rescued by a motor-sledge party led by Sgt. Tetley. Hearn was stationed at the base throughout, and records the events as they happened, ruminating over them, criticizing tactical decisions, experiencing personal loss, coping with the hostile physical environment and the prolonged stress of an uncertain rescue mission. It's a vital addition to our understanding of the mission. A selection of extracts: Commencing on December 3, 1942, Hearn record on the 6th: O'Hara in very bad condition, tis a hard decision for Tetley to make but he should in my opinion take the 3 best men along. Never make it through the crevasses with the worn out and injured man. It seems a bad exchange. Lt. Pritchard and Bottoms expended, Lt. Demorest killed, to save only 2 men. But Balchen tells them to head east. Tough country and mostly luck if they make it." As Hearn feared, the next day, one of Tetley's rescue team, Private Wedel, disappeared into a crevasse. The entry for December 7 continues: "Bad news B-17 [Capt. Kenneth Turner's B-17 not the PN9E] reports at 1500 she sighted wreckage of Grumman ... alt 2700ft. Badly wrecked, no sign of life. Hard to take. There is still hope. We will attempt trip to JR3F to take a look. Pritchard and Bottoms (swell fellows). Hard to believe he was so full of joi de vivre just sparkled..." December 8: "B-17 flew over today reported seeing Johansen but no sign of Tetley and his three men... Hope Tetley gets to Ice Cap Station tomorrow or it may be too late." Johansen, a Norwegian civilian, led a dog sled party toward the PN9E in early December. December 9: "Took hike up on Comanche Hill to ... try to spot rescue party on Ice Cap, no luck... Johansen turned back from the B-17, couldn't make it, crevasses. Sgt. Tetley overdue... with three survivors on his ice-sledge. Wegener had a lot of trouble with them. This is no climate for gasoline motors. Dog sledges are the thing. The dogs stop at the edge of a crevasse even if it is covered with snow like a trap, one step and bingo, maybe 200 or even 300 feet straight down... Rescue party ... could not make it to the plane too many crevasses ... Did not sight plane but it is decided all hands were killed ... Hard to take. Nice bunch of guys." January 5-25, 1943: Constant reports on new rescue parties led by Fuller and Johansen, and by Balchen, starting out for the B-17 and for Tetley's stranded motor-sledge party. On January 18, Fuller reports that the ice cap is untenable due to structural defects, ordered them to abandon . On the 25th he and Johansen return: "On way in lighted flares to guide them. They arrived at about 1900..." January 31 to March 1: Steady reports on multiple rescue missions of which this is the briefest outline. Fuller and Johansen are off again to rescue Tetley and party. February 4-5, failed efforts to get motor sledges underway to ice cap [a separate mission, Fuller and Johansen were using dog sleds.] "Impossible. Engine overheated and bogged down ... Good news. Cat boat (Balchen) landed and took Tetley and his gang off Ice Cap to hospital at BA#2. Fuller 12 miles from Tetley's camp..." On February 8 Fuller is "within 10 miles of B-17." On Feb 18 "Fuller reports 8 of his sledge dogs perished leaving 10 to return to Comanche Bay." February 24 "No word from Fuller." February 26 "Radio says Army men to come in with dogs and teams. We hope." March 1 "No word from Fuller. Not good." March 2: "At 1800 Fuller and Johansen made Comanche Inn .. Fuller has frozen toes..." March 17: Cat boat lands on ice cap with Col. Balchen, dog sledge and 3 men, in attempt to reach B-17. April 2: Finally - "B-17 Out. Heard [Turner?] talking to Strong and party [the March 17 rescue team]. Men are out of B-17 and in Tetley camp. Quite a conversation that had. Sample. What do you hear from the mob, and all we talk about in camp is chow and pussy etc. Very good to hear." April 5: A little more comic relief: "This AM all hands turned out early and started to dig out. Found 'trons' one of the dogs buried under about 2 feet of snow. Still kicking. Tough breed these Eskimo dogs. His only trouble was a frozen penis. Poor mut walking about with his frozen weapon dragging in the snow." April 5-18: Running account of return of the rescue party and the three rescued B-17 men. "Colonel Balchen and party coming here over Ice Cap. We stand a chance to get the hell out of here." [This was Balchen's heroic hike back to the coast.] On April 9 they are "about 10 miles away. Hope to make it tomorrow." Finally on Friday, April 16, "at 3 minutes to 6PM Trail party came in all hands happy as hell..." April 18 "Colonel Balchen and party getting squared away... We're all shoving off, can't believe it." The lost Grumman recently became the object of a "leave no man behind" search sponsored by a group of retired USCG officers and the journalist Michal Zukoff, who himself took part in the expedition and whose recent book Frozen in Time: An Epic Story of Survival and a Modern Quest for Lost Heroes of World War II recounts the events of 1942-3, and those 2012.

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller]
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        HAMISHAH HUMSHE TORAH… [PENTATEUCH] [GERMAN-JEWISH REFUGEE BIBLE]

      Basel; David-Verlag. 1943. Hardcover. Original Publishers cloth. 8vo. [4], 520, 340, [4] pages. 22 cm. First edition. Hebrew and German on facing pages. German-Jewish Refugee Pentateuch published in Switzerland in 1943. The Forward states, in part: ?"Das Wort, das dem Moses am Sinai verkuendet wurde, hielt das Volk aufrecht in gluecklichen und fast noch mehr in schweren Zeiten....Die frueheren Zentren juedische Bildung und juedischer Kultur in Europa sind zerstoert, und den wenigen, die noch frei schaffen koennen, obliegt die Pflicht, die unvergaenglichen Geistesgueter des Judentums zu neuer Geltung zu bringen....Gemaess dem Wort, das das Studium der Gotteslehre fuer groesser und wichtiger als alle uebrigen heiligen Pflichten bezeichnet, hofft der Verlag, dass die vorliegende Neuasugabe sich die Sympathie aller fest an der Thora haltenden Glaubensbrueder erringen wird.?" ("The Word, which was proclaimed to Moses on Mount Sinai, has sustained the Jewish people in happy and, even more so, in hard times .... The earlier centers of Jewish learning and Jewish culture in Europe have been destroyed, and the few people who are still free to create have the duty to give the undying spirit of Judaism a new legitimacy .... As the Word states that the study of the Holy teachings is more important than all the other sacred duties, the publisher hopes that the present edition will win strong favor with all Torah-true co-religionists"). The Five Books of Moses contain Hebrew with continuous facing page German translation; Seder Ha-Haftarot (Haftaroh; selections from the books of Nevi'im - ?'Prophets?'), contains separate title page, in Hebrew only. Numbered continuously in German and Hebrew throughout. With 4 pages at rear containing cantorial music notations from Haftaroh. The publisher also issued the Book of Psalms in German-Hebrew in this year, according to OCLC, they printed nothing else during the 1940-45 period. Stamped ?'Imprime en Suisse?' on first and last pages. Subjects: Bible. Pentateuch - Versions, German. Switzerland ?- Holocaust- Refugees. OCLC lists one copy (Natl Library Israel). Light wear to cloth, hinges starting, otherwise fresh and clean. Good + condition. (HOLO2-104-16) .

      [Bookseller: Dan Wyman Books]
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        JENNY ON THE JOB POSTERS. COMPLETE SET OF EIGHT

      Washington, D.C: United Stated Public Health Services. Fine. 1943. . World War II posters. Role model of this series is all-American Jenny serving as the perfect production worker. She offers an example to other women, probably new to industrial jobs, on working safely and efficiently, doing her best to help the war effort. The government encouraged entry of women into the workforce, replacing men fighting overseas. Jenny on the Job showcases eight posters issued in 1943 by the United States Public Health Services. The artist was Kula Robbins. "Jenny on the Job": 1.Keeps fresh as a daisy .2. Wears styles designed for victory. 3. Steps ahead with low heels. 4. Lifts weight the easy way. 5 Eats man size meals. 6. Says let's keep our rest room clean. 7. Has her fun after work. 8. Gets her beauty sleep. Fine condition in the original envelope. Never folded. Not backed . Very rare.

      [Bookseller: Payson Hall Books]
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        Autolycus In Limbo Author Inscribed + 3 ALS

      New York: E. P. Dutton. NF/VG+. 1943. 1st Edition. Hardcover; 1st Printing. 1st edition/1st printing. The book's copyright page states 'First Edition Limited to 1500 Copies'. The inscription in the book reads: Ralph Verner His Book from his friend Vincent Starrett, Chicago: 3 August 1963 "My library was dukedom large enough". There are 3 letters written by Starrett: 1 typed signed with handwritten note at bottom and with handwritten envelope dated 1959, 1 handwritten short note with handwritten envelope dated 1966, and 1 two-page handwritten letter with handwritten envelope dated 1962, all laid in this book. They are all written to the same person that the author has signed/inscribe d the book to. The book is bound in blue cloth, straight, clean and tightly bound, with about one shade of sunning to spine (not affecting spine lettering) and a small nick to binding cloth on back panel. There is black lettering on the spine/front panel, and the outer page edges are rough cut. The dustjacket is price intact, crisp and clean, with a short closed edge tear upper front near flap fold and some small nicks and chips at spine ends/flap fold ends. The spine is slightly sunned, and the back panel slightly smudged from handling (no spots). Quite scarce with correspondence evidencing an extended friendship between the author and the previous owner of this book. ; 8-1/4" x 5-3/4"; Signed by Author .

      [Bookseller: Authors & Artists]
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        La poésie religieuse Manuscrit autographe et tapuscrit complets EDITION ORIGINALE ENVOI AUTOGRAPHE

      s.l.|(Paris): S.n. (Journal des débats), 1943. Fine. S.n. (Journal des débats), s.l. (Paris) s.d. (1943), 13,5x21,5cm & 3 pages in-4, 4 1/2 pages in-8. - Autograph manuscript of the author of four and a half pages 8vo published in the issue dated June 9, 1943 of the Journal of Debates. Complete manuscript writing very dense, with many erasures, corrections and additions. Chronic literary published on the occasion of the publication of the Anthology of Poetry by Dominique Aury religious. Typescript is complete seal. Between April 1941 and August 1944, Maurice Blanchot published in the "Chronicle of intellectual life" of the Journal of Debates 173 articles on new books. In a half-page newspaper (about seven pages in-8), the young author of "Thomas the obscure" his first steps in the field of literary criticism and inaugurates a theoretical work that he would later develop Many in these essays, "La Part du feu" to "The Infinite Conversation" and "The Scripture of the disaster." From the very first articles, Blanchot demonstrated analytical acuity far beyond current literature that motivates writing. Oscillating between classic and modern, first-class writers and minor novelists, he puts in his columns, the foundations of critical thinking that will mark the second half of the twentieth. Transformed by writing and by war, Blanchot breaks, over a thought exerted "on behalf of the other," the violent maurassiennes certainties of his youth. Not without paradox, then it transforms literary criticism philosophical act of intellectual resistance to barbarism at the heart of an "openly marechalist" newspaper: "Burning a book, write, are two acts from which culture entered its oscillations opposites "(The Book, In Journal of Debates, January 20, 1943). In 2007, Cahiers NRF together under the direction of Christopher Bident all literary chronicles not yet published in volume with the proper analysis of the critical work of Blanchot "novels, poems, essays give rise to a singular reflection, always safer of his own rhetoric, delivered more to the echo of the impossible or the lure of the disappearance. (...) Not without contradictions or step aside, and the certainty of a feverish work begins (... ) these articles reveal the genealogy of a critic who has transformed during the chronicle necessity of thought. " (C. Bident). The autograph manuscripts of Maurice Blanchot are of great rarity. --- Please note that the translation in english is done automatically, we apologize if the formulas are inaccurate. Contact us for any information! - [FRENCH VERSION FOLLOWS] Manuscrit autographe de l'auteur de 4 pages et demie in-8 publiée dans le numéro du 9 Juin 1943 du Journal des Débats. Manuscrit complet à l'écriture très dense, comportant de nombreuses ratures, corrections et ajouts. Chronique littéraire publiée à l'occasion de la parution de l'Anthologie de la poésie religieuse de Dominique Aury. On joint le tapuscrit complet. Entre avril 1941 et août 1944, Maurice Blanchot publia dans la "Chronique de la vie intellectuelle" du Journal des Débats 173 articles sur les livres récemment parus. Dans une demi-page de journal (soit environ sept pages in-8), le jeune auteur de "Thomas l'obscur" fait ses premiers pas dans le domaine de la critique littéraire et inaugure ainsi une oeuvre théorique qu'il développera plus tard dans ces nombreux essais, de "La Part du feu" à "L'Entretien infini" et "L'Écriture du désastre". Dès les premiers articles, Blanchot fait preuve d'une acuité d'analyse dépassant largement l'actualité littéraire qui en motive l'écriture. Oscillant entre classiques et modernes, écrivains de premier ordre et romanciers mineurs, il pose, dans ses chroniques, les fondements d'une pensée critique qui marquera la seconde partie du XXe. Transformé par l'écriture et par la guerre, Blanchot rompt, au fil d'une pensée exercée "au nom de l'autre", avec les violentes certitudes maurassiennes de sa jeunesse. Non sans paradoxe, il transforme alors la critique littéraire en acte philosophique de résistance intellectuelle à la barbarie au cœur même d'un journal "ouvertement maréchaliste": "Brûler un livre, en écrire, sont les deux actes entre lesquels la culture inscrit ses oscillations contraires" (Le Livre, In Journal des Débats, 20 janvier 1943). En 2007, les Cahiers de la NRF réunissent sous la direction de Christophe Bident toutes les chroniques littéraires non encore publiées en volumes avec cette pertinente analyse du travail critique de Blanchot : "romans, poèmes, essais donnent lieu à une réflexion singulière, toujours plus sûre de sa propre rhétorique, livrée davantage à l'écho de l'impossible ou aux sirènes de la disparition. (...) Non sans contradictions ni pas de côté, et dans la certitude fiévreuse d'une œuvre qui commence (...) ces articles révèlent la généalogie d'un critique qui a transformé l'occasion de la chronique en nécessité de la pensée." (C. Bident). Les manuscrits autographes de Maurice Blanchot sont d'une grande rareté.

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        PANTAGRUEL

      Paris: Albert Skira, 1943. No. 85 OF 275 COPIES on vélin d'arches, SIGNED by the artist n. Hardcover. A Masterwork of Illustration in a Binding Masterpiece by Gruel. mm (). 187, [6] pp. No. 85 OF 275 COPIES on vélin d'arches, SIGNED by the artist. MAGNIFICENT CONTEMPORARY CHOCOLATE BROWN CRUSHED MOROCCO, ELABORATELY INLAID AND GILT, BY LÉON GRUEL (stamp-signed on front turn-in), covers with exuberant Grolieresque design of intricate dark red morocco strapwork accented with swirling azured gilt foliage and small tools; raised bands, spine in compartments framed by red morocco inlays, gilt fleuron centerpieces, gilt titling; CHOCOLATE BROWN MOROCCO DOUBLURES framed with multiple gilt rules and azured foliate cornerpieces, rose-colored watered silk endleaves, all edges gilt. Original printed wrappers bound in. Housed in the original suede-lined chestnut morocco-backed chemise and matching morocco-trimmed slipcase. WITH 180 HAND-COLORED WOOD ENGRAVINGS BY ANDRÉ DERAIN, 22 of them full-page, 94 in the text, 34 initials, 27 tailpieces, title engraving to front wrapper, frontispiece, and title vignette. Printed in Garamond typeface by Georges Gerard. Wood engravings printed by Roger Lacourière. Skira 91; Rauch 38; Garvey and Wick "The Arts of the French Book 1900-1965" 27; "The Artist & the Book 1860-1960" 81; Strachan, "The Artist and the Book in France," pp. 90, 330; "From Manet to Hockney" 111; Coron "Rare Books Since the Invention of Printing" 221. A FLAWLESS COPY. Called by Strachan one of the "finest masterpieces of the century," and here in a magnificent inlaid binding by Gruel, this is a superb copy of a tour de force in book illustration, a visually memorable edition of Rabelais, each copy of which shows subtle variations. It is considered to be one of the most beautiful livres d'artistes of the 20th century, and its strapwork and gilt-tooled binding by Gruel (1864-1954) is inspired by 16th century examples that might have covered early editions of Rabelais. A self-taught artist, French painter, sculptor, and illustrator André Derain (1880-1954) is considered, with Henri Matisse, to be the co-founder of Fauvism. He began his career as an engineer, but abandoned it after meeting Matisse, who encouraged him to pursue his gift. This is the only book illustrated in color by Derain, a project that consumed two years of work by the atelier of Roger Lacourière (under the direction of Jean Frélaut), and an achievement made all the more impressive because produced during the middle of World War II. As Chapon observed in "Le Peintre et le livre," Derain, aware of the power of early woodcuts, goes for what might be called a "brawny" effect to match the earthiness of the text. Deriving, as Strachan says, from zylographic books of the Middle Ages, the general effect is one of very masculine early playing cards. Garvey and Wick's "The Arts of the French Book 1900-1965" notes that "the cuts for this edition were printed in an unusual manner, with a single block for each illustration, although the customary practice in color printing is to make use of a separate block for each color. In this case Derain cut a white line on a single block to separate the color areas of each illustration. The blocks were then inked in several colors and printed on dampened paper." As the woodcut colors had to be mixed and applied for each individual printing, every copy of the work is unique, due to the inevitable variations caused by this technique. In "The Artist and the Book in France," W. J. Strachan cited this as one of the three livres d'artiste that dominated the beginning of the 20th century, and he expressed admiration for the originality of Deran's technique, saying that he had "hit on the perfect vehicle for the wit and exuberance of his author." As a profoundly important work in the history of book production, offered in a sensational binding, and in splendid condition within and without, this is surely as close to an irrestible modern illustrated volume as one could hope to find.

      [Bookseller: Phillip J. Pirages Fine Books and Mediev]
 31.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        CHILD'S GOOD NIGHT BOOK

      CHARLOT, JEAN. BROWN,MARGARET WISE. A CHILD'S GOOD NIGHT BOOK. NY: Scott 1943, 1950. 4to, (8 1/4 x 10"), pictorial boards, fine in a dust wrapper (dw with mild rubbing and sl. fraying at spine ends otherwise a VG+ dw). 1st edition thus, of this CALDECOTT HONOR title and a modern classic, magnificently illustrated with color lithos by JEAN CHARLOT. First published in small format in 1943, this was re-issued in 1950 with new illustrations by Charlot and in an enlarged format in response to library resistance to the small size of the first edition. Bader p.269-70.

      [Bookseller: Aleph-Bet Books, Inc.]
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        The Big Rock Candy Mountain

      Duell, Sloan & Pearce, New York 1943 - An extremely nice copy in bright, mylar-protected dj; DJ is virtually intact, with some wear along the top and bottom edges, but with price unclipped from both front and back flaps. Book has some minor rubbing to boards, but other wise is clean and tight. This book is encased in a custom, quarter morocco clam shell with bright blue spine. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Greensprings Books]
 33.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        PANTAGRUEL

      Albert Skira, Paris 1943 - A Masterwork of Illustration in a Binding Masterpiece by Gruel. mm (). 187, [6] pp. No. 85 OF 275 COPIES on vélin d'arches, SIGNED by the artist. MAGNIFICENT CONTEMPORARY CHOCOLATE BROWN CRUSHED MOROCCO, ELABORATELY INLAID AND GILT, BY LÉON GRUEL (stamp-signed on front turn-in), covers with exuberant Grolieresque design of intricate dark red morocco strapwork accented with swirling azured gilt foliage and small tools; raised bands, spine in compartments framed by red morocco inlays, gilt fleuron centerpieces, gilt titling; CHOCOLATE BROWN MOROCCO DOUBLURES framed with multiple gilt rules and azured foliate cornerpieces, rose-colored watered silk endleaves, all edges gilt. Original printed wrappers bound in. Housed in the original suede-lined chestnut morocco-backed chemise and matching morocco-trimmed slipcase. WITH 180 HAND-COLORED WOOD ENGRAVINGS BY ANDRÉ DERAIN, 22 of them full-page, 94 in the text, 34 initials, 27 tailpieces, title engraving to front wrapper, frontispiece, and title vignette. Printed in Garamond typeface by Georges Gerard. Wood engravings printed by Roger Lacourière. Skira 91; Rauch 38; Garvey and Wick "The Arts of the French Book 1900-1965" 27; "The Artist & the Book 1860-1960" 81; Strachan, "The Artist and the Book in France," pp. 90, 330; "From Manet to Hockney" 111; Coron "Rare Books Since the Invention of Printing" 221. A FLAWLESS COPY. Called by Strachan one of the "finest masterpieces of the century," and here in a magnificent inlaid binding by Gruel, this is a superb copy of a tour de force in book illustration, a visually memorable edition of Rabelais, each copy of which shows subtle variations. It is considered to be one of the most beautiful livres d'artistes of the 20th century, and its strapwork and gilt-tooled binding by Gruel (1864-1954) is inspired by 16th century examples that might have covered early editions of Rabelais. A self-taught artist, French painter, sculptor, and illustrator André Derain (1880-1954) is considered, with Henri Matisse, to be the co-founder of Fauvism. He began his career as an engineer, but abandoned it after meeting Matisse, who encouraged him to pursue his gift. This is the only book illustrated in color by Derain, a project that consumed two years of work by the atelier of Roger Lacourière (under the direction of Jean Frélaut), and an achievement made all the more impressive because produced during the middle of World War II. As Chapon observed in "Le Peintre et le livre," Derain, aware of the power of early woodcuts, goes for what might be called a "brawny" effect to match the earthiness of the text. Deriving, as Strachan says, from zylographic books of the Middle Ages, the general effect is one of very masculine early playing cards. Garvey and Wick's "The Arts of the French Book 1900-1965" notes that "the cuts for this edition were printed in an unusual manner, with a single block for each illustration, although the customary practice in color printing is to make use of a separate block for each color. In this case Derain cut a white line on a single block to separate the color areas of each illustration. The blocks were then inked in several colors and printed on dampened paper." As the woodcut colors had to be mixed and applied for each individual printing, every copy of the work is unique, due to the inevitable variations caused by this technique. In "The Artist and the Book in France," W. J. Strachan cited this as one of the three livres d'artiste that dominated the beginning of the 20th century, and he expressed admiration for the originality of Deran's technique, saying that he had "hit on the perfect vehicle for the wit and exuberance of his author." As a profoundly important work in the history of book production, offered in a sensational binding, and in splendid condition within and without, this is surely as close to an irrestible modern illustrated volume as one could hope to find. No. 85 OF 275 COPIES on vélin d'arches, SIGNED by the artist. [Attributes: Signed Copy; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Phillip J. Pirages Rare Books (ABAA)]
 34.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        Folio album containing details of the 7th Battalion Cumberland Home Guard from its inception as part of the Local Defence Volunteers (soon changed to Home Guard) from May 1940 until May 1945. Compiled by Sir John Ponsonby.

      1940 - 1943. - Folio, 360 X 235mm., being a blank ledger with the contents mounted. The battalion was under the command of Sir John Ponsonby, K.C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O. who had volunteered to be of service although retired from military life. Ponsonby has written a brief ms. account of the battalion's formation on the front free e.p. noting its headquarter were at Millom and that platoons were raised in the various villages. The roll call was 5 to 6 hundred men. He notes the lack of weapons early on and the problems later with mixed rifles and ammunition. On a more mundane note he states 'There was an enormous amount of correspondence and forms and returns required and with no quartermaster or clerks to assist one it became a great burden.' Ponsonby wrote notes for personal guidance covering tactics, etc. and some memoranda are headed 'Secret.' There are Battalion Orders dealing with all aspects of the Home Guard's duties from the minutiae of uniforms, proper dress, subsistance allowances etc. to matters of discipline and field tactics. Appointments made touch on the Pigeon service, and lectures include tank hunting drills and the mounting of road blocks. Ponsonby resigned command of the battalion on March 24, 1941, and his role was taken by Lt. Colonel A. Hibbert, D.S.O., M.C. There are a number of letters from various officers pasted in as well as photographs of men and events. There are several ms. drawings of the LDV (in humorous vein) by a Captain Fowler. The volume as a whole provides an insight into the workings of the Home Guard in all its aspects with the 'Battalion Orders' listing in detail what was involved in running the organisation. While there are minor items to 1945 the bulk of the material goes up to 1943. The ledger has a red leather title label 'L.D.V. 1940 Home Guard 7th Battalion Cumberland 1941 - 1943' on the upper cover. The binding is a bit worn with the top of the spine damaged. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Spike Hughes Rare Books ABA (Associate)]
 35.   Check availability:     IberLibro     Link/Print  


        Le képi EDITION ORIGINALE Service de presse ENVOI AUTOGRAPHE

      Paris: Fayard, 1943. Fine. Fayard, Paris 1943, 12x19cm, broché. - First Edition, review copy. Precious autograph signed by the author Maurice Blanchot. Two small tears at the head and foot of spine lightly irradiated, a minor tear on the front cover. --- Please note that the translation in english is done automatically, we apologize if the formulas are inaccurate. Contact us for any information! - [FRENCH VERSION FOLLOWS] Edition originale, un des exemplaires du service de presse. Précieux envoi autographe signé de Colette à Maurice Blanchot. Deux petites déchirures en tête et en pied du dos légèrement insolé, un accroc sans gravité sur le premier plat.

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        The Mighty Hunter

      The Macmillan Company, New York 1943 - First Edition, early issue. The TRUE FIRST EDITION has the 1943 date printed on the title page. This ORIGINAL dustjacket has the publisher's $2.00 printed price present on the front flap with light wear to the edges. The book is in great shape. The binding is tight with some wear to the boards. The pages are clean with some discoloration to the endpapers. There is NO writing, marks or bookplates in the book. Overall, a lovely copy in collector's condition. We buy Hader First Editions. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Quintessential Rare Books, LLC]
 37.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  


        TIMOTHY HAS IDEAS-ARTIST'S DUMMY

      HADER, BERTA AND ELMER. HADER,BERTA & ELMER. TIMOTHY HAS IDEAS - ARTIST'S DUMMY. This is the Hader's artists dummy for the book written by Miriam Mason and published in 1943 by Macmillan. The story tells the adventures of a little cocker spaniel puppy and when published was in black and white. This dummy is a preliminary layout for the book containing 54 pencil drawings. This is an interesting look at the early creative process in producing a picture book. Sold with a first edition of the book INSCRIBED BY THE HADERS.

      [Bookseller: Aleph-Bet Books, Inc.]
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        Ms. Postkarte m. U. „H. Hesse".

      Montagnola, 27. IX. 1943. - 1 Seite. 8vo. Bleistift. An seinen Freund, den Dozenten Georg Goetz in Kopenhagen. „Was Freund und Schall betrifft: denn konnten Sie nicht kennen, da er nie etwas publiziert hat; er war Altphilologe und Gymnasiallehrer, auch Mitredakteur an der lateinischen Fassung des Mottos zum Glasperlenspiel. Korrekturen am Buch sind nicht mehr möglich, der Druck ist in vollem Gang. Die Druckfehler sind vermutlich dieselben, die auch wir noch fanden, und am Sprachlichen sonst fand ich nichts mehr zu ändern, wir haben peinlich Korrektur gelesen. [ ]" - Die Karte mit Aufdruck „Schloss Bremgarten | bei Bern" von Hesse durchgestrichen. Bleistift.

      [Bookseller: Kotte Autographs GmbH]
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        Green Mansions

      New York: Knopf, 1943. First Edition. Hardcover. Very good +. Horacio Butler. Association copy with an interesting provenance. SIGNED by the artist (Horatio Butler) on the title page, previous owner (Clare Boothe Luce) on the second front free end paper and having the bookplate of M.C. Gaines (comic book pioneer) on the front paste down. Red leather with covers and spine decorated in gilt. Top edge also gilt. Twelve full page color (including a reproduction of Butler's painting for the trade edition DJ) and twenty-two smaller black and white illustrations. Title page and reproduction of DJ illustration tissues intact. Composed, printed and bound by The Plimpton Press Norwood Massachusetts.

      [Bookseller: Liberty Book Store IOBA FABA]
 40.   Check availability:     IOBABooks     Link/Print  


        Addresses by Madame CHIANG KAI-SHEK, February 18 1943

      Signed by the Illustrator, Rudolph Ruzicka and presented to Mrs. Elkan Harrison Powell the wife of the President of the Encyclopedia Britannica. Signed on the front fly, New York, June 9, 1943: "To Mrs. E.H.Powell, with sincere regard of R. Ruzicka"Addresses by Madame CHIANG KAI-SHEK, February 18 1943. Addresses Delivered before the House of Representatives and the Senate of the United States. Published by The Overbrook Press, Stamford, Connecticut 1943. 10" x 7 1/4" 15 pages. This printing was of 500 copies on Maidstone paper. Illustrated and signed by Rudolph Ruzicka.February 18, 1943: On this date, Madame Chiang Kai-Shek of China (wife of the Nationalist political and military leader Chiang Kai-Shek) addressed the House of Representatives and the Senate. In her speech, she applauded American efforts in the Pacific theater. She also recounted the friendship between the U.S. and China: "We in China, like you, want a better world, not for ourselves alone, but for all mankind, and we must have it." Chiang?s visit also was meant to convey appreciation for the American Lend-Lease program, which supplied war materials to sustain the Chinese resistance effort. Madame Chiang holds the distinction of being the only female dignitary to address a House Reception?"a common practice in the early part of the 20th century when foreign leaders addressed the House separately from the Senate."She was Born Soong May-ling in 1898 on the island of Hainan ?" site of the spy-plane incident that marked the first foreign policy crisis of the Bush administration ?" Madame Chiang was raised as a Christian and educated at Wellesley College where she graduated in 1917. Her sister, Ching-ling married Sun Yat-sen, the nationalist leader who created modern China after overthrowing the Qing imperial dynasty in 1911. May-ling married the young Kuomintang (KMT) general Chiang Kai-shek in 1926, a year after he'd taken control of the party and the year before the onset of a bloody civil conflict between the KMT and Mao's communists ?" a conflict that also marked a parting of ways of the Soong sisters, as Madame Sun Yat-sen made common cause with the communists." (Time Magazine)*"Rudolph Ruzicka: A major twentieth century wood engraver, etcher, illustrator, book designer and typographer, Rudolph Ruzicka emigrated to the United States from Bohemia with his family at the age of ten. He lived first in Chicago and took drawing lessons at the Hull House School before becoming an apprentice wood engraver. While working he attended further classes at the Chicago Art Institute from 1900 to 1902. Rudolph Ruzicka moved to New York in 1903 and first gained employment as an engraver at the American Bank Note Company. During the following years he also attended classes at both the Art Students League and the New York School of Art. Rudolph Ruzicka received his first major art commission from System magazine in 1910. During the following years his graphic art was the subject of many one man exhibitions including such venues as the Societe de la Gravure, Paris, the Grolier Club and the Century Association, New York. In 1935 he was awarded the Gold Medal from the American Institute of Graphic Art. Rudolph Ruzicka moved to Massachusetts in 1948 and eventually settled in Vermont. Today the art of Rudolph Ruzicka is included in the permanent collections of the Art Institute of Chicago, the Carnegie Institute, Library of Congress, Washington, DC, the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York" My thanks to Art of the Print for this information.

      [Bookseller: cheatums bargains]
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        An incredible selection of relics, including barbed wire, recovered from the site of the German P.O.W. camp, Stalag Luft III ? site of "The Great Escape."

      [Zagen, Poland]], c. 1943-1945. various. " A collection of fifteen pieces dug from the site of Stalag Luft III, in Zagen Poland including a 14"" string of barbed wire, a 5.5"" x 2.5"" piece of wood from one of the rail sleepers, an electric light switch and bulb socket from a P.O.W. hut, a 4"" x 3.5"" aluminum drinking cup, a metal ""peep"" hole from the solitary confinement building, a diesel engine starter, two small bottles, a key, and other small mechanical parts. All these dug relics bear the expected losses and heavy oxidation consistent with long exposure to the elements.From the collection of ""Great Escape"" relics assembled by the founder of ""The War Museum"" and will come with a special certificate for each item. As a collector and curator for over 50 years, these items largely obtained from former Allied prisoners of war as well as local farmers and townspeople in the town of Zagen, Poland (formerly Sagen, Germany). The camp is seven square miles in total and is covered in pine forests. In the last weeks of the war as the Russians reached the camp, the German guards hurriedly buried their equipment, changed into civilian clothes and fled. The Allied POW?s were sent on a forced march in the snow southward to Nurnberg, then to another camp at Moosburg where they were liberated on April 29, 1945. At Zagan there are still various compounds and many areas of derelict buildings and footings. In the 1950?s and ?60?s the local townsfolk and farmers explored and excavated relics from the areas which were only accessible with a four wheel drive vehicle in the more remote parts, having various maps and a compass and even then it was easy to get lost. Such relic hunting has not been permitted over the last several decades, making these early recoveries prized and sought after pieces of history. The camp is virtually inaccessible by foot apart from an area near to the Zagan POW Museum. Most of the relic floor & roof tiles, floor boards, drain pipe pieces, electrical insulators from the high-voltage fences, barbed wire, etc. all have their identical counterparts in the Zagan POW Museum.The P.O.W. camp at Sagen was known as Stalag Luft III, and was managed by the Luftwaffe to house Allied airmen downed over Germany. The Germans established the camp, located in Lower Silesia, in March 1942 and the camp remained in service until January 1945. It was the scene of two famous escape plots, both involving tunneling: one in 1943, which was depicted in the film The Wooden Horse (1950) and another in 1944, immortalized in the 1963 film The Great Escape (1963) starring Steve McQueen, James Garner, Richard Attenborough, Charles Bronson, and James Coburn.Unlike the film, the real-life ""Great Escape"" did not involve Hollywood stars or props, but rather was an extremely sophisticated attempt to mount a mass escape of 200 or more prisoners via a tunnel dug from inside one of the barracks to the woods outside the perimeter of the camp. Tunneling was particularly difficult at Stalag Luft III, as the Germans had established the P.O.W. camp specifically in order to prevent the practice. The barracks stood on raised platforms so any tunnel started within could be easily detected. Complicating matters further, the sub-surface soil was sandy and bright yellow which contrasted sharply with the drab, gray surface soil, thus rendering it difficult to mask tunneling projects as the excess soil would stand out when dumped on the surface. The prisoners employed a wide range of subtle ruses to dispose of the soil without tipping off the guards. The sandy sub-soil was also prone to collapse, further hindering tunneling operations.The plot, conceived by R.A.F. Squadron Leader Roger Bushell, played by Attenborough in the 1963 film, in the Spring of 1943, involved the construction of several tunnels simultaneously so that if one was discovered, the others would hopefully remain secret. The strategy proved successful. When one of the long tunnels was uncovered, the guards stopped their search as they could not imagine that two others were still under construction. The tunnel that ultimately proved successful was nicknamed ""Harry."" The entrance was hidden beneath the tiles of stove housed in one corner of a barrack and the 102 meter tunnel ran beneath two barbed wire fences and was to emerge in the trees just beyond the outer perimeter. Although over 600 prisoners worked on the tunnels only 200 were slated to use it for their escape.On the night of March 24, 1944, the prisoners began their escape. Much to their dismay, as they emerged on the other side, they realized that the tunnel entrance was short of the tree line. Amazingly, 76 men escaped through the tunnel before guards spotted what was going on. As the 77th man surrendered to the guards, the others bolted into the woods. Of the 76 that escaped, 73 were recaptured?"half of which were executed by the SS. "

      [Bookseller: University Archives]
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