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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1863

        REVISTA DE CAMINOS VECINALES. Canales de Riego y Construciones Civiles. 4 vols

      Imprenta de Tomás Núñez Amor y - Tipografía de Gregorio Estrada. 1863 - 1879., Madrid. - . Muy buen estado. 4 volumenes en los que encontramos 16 tomos con los años conprendidos entre 1863 y 1875 ambos inclusive. Periódico oficial de los profesores de arquitectura, maestros de obras, directores de caminos y agrimensores, redactado por individuos de estas clases. Impreso a dos columnas, con algunos desplegables y cuadros estadísticos intercalados en el texto. Holandesa lomo piel con dorador y aguas de época. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: LIBRERIA ANTICUARIA LUCES DE BOHEMIA]
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        Handbook Of British Mosses, Comprising All That Are Known To Be Natives Of The British Isles (In Deluxe 3/4 Green Morocco)

      London: Lovell, Reeve & Co, 1863. 1st Edition . Hardcover. Near Fine. 23 Color Plates And One B/W Plate By Walter Hood Fitch. Xxxvi, 324, 24 Fine Plates (23 Hand-Coloured) Drawn And Lithographed By Walter Hood Fitch, Each With 1 P. Letterpress Explanatory Text, Plates And Text Pages Printed On One Side Only. Half Title Present, No Ads At Rear. Nicely Bound By Bickers & Son, London, In Green Morocco, 5 Bands, Gilt Title And Author, All Compartments And Bands Ornately Gilt, Gilt Rules On Covers, Marbled Endpapers. All Edges Gilt. Light Rubbing To Binding Almost Entirely At Corners. Text Block Bright And Square, Unworn, Pages Unworn, No Foxing Or Browning To Pages Or Plates.

      [Bookseller: Arroyo Seco Books]
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        La SALETTE. Album composé de 8 vues dessinées d'après nature et lithographiées par A. Maugendre. Accompagné d'un Texte Descriptif Par Mr. L'ABBE ***

      Chez l?Auteur A. Maugendre.à Paris / Paris, Librairie du Crédit des Paroisses, Bayeux imp., 1863, - gr. in-4to, 23 p. + 8 vues dessinées d?après nature et lithographiées en couleurs par l?auteur, cartonnage original vert, dos en toile. Ouvrage rare. Les 8 lithographies en couleurs tirées sur papier épais représent: 1) Grenoble avec la place Grenette; 2) Corps; 3) la chapelle de N. dame de Gournier; 4) le village de la Salette; 5) la Source de l"Apparition; 6) l"église du couvent et monument de l"Assomption; 7) le chevet de l"église et les batiments du couvent; 8) intérieur de l"église du couvent. Relation d"un voyage de Grenoble à la Salette. Relation très interressante et pittoresque.Please notify before visiting to see a book. Prices are excl. VAT/TVA (only Switzerland) & postage. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Harteveld Rare Books Ltd.]
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        Atala.

      Paris, Librairie L. Hachette et Cie. 1863 - Par le Vte. de Chateaubriand. Avec les dessins de Gustave Doré. Premier tirage des gravures de Gustave Doré. 30 planches hors texte sous serpentes légendées et 14 vignettes dans le texte. (Complet & Contrôlé) Paris, Librairie L. Hachette et Cie. - 1863 - 77 pages. Cartonnage pleine percaline rouge de l'éditeur. Dos lisse aux titre et auteur dorés. Filets à froid encadrant les plats. Plaque dorée sur le plat supérieur. Quelques rousseurs. Très bon état. Format in folio (44x33). Paul Gustave Louis Christophe Doré dit Gustave Doré, né à Strasbourg le 6 janvier 1832, et mort le 23 janvier 1883 à Paris dans son hôtel de la rue Saint-Dominique, est un illustrateur, graveur, bédéiste, peintre et sculpteur français. Il a été reconnu internationalement de son vivant. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Livres et Collections]
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        Einst und Jetzt. Album, Steiermarks sämmtliche interessante Schlösser, Burgruinen, Städte, Märkte, Kirchen und Klöster enthaltend. Ein vaterländisches Bilderwerk. Nach der Natur aufgenommen, auf Stein gezeichnet und herausgegeben. I. bis III. Band sowie eingebundenem Ergänzungsband.

      Graz, Selbstverlag, 1863 - 1865. 3 Bde. Gr.-Quer-8°. 4 n.n. + 57 + Tafeln [73], 58 S. + Tafeln [90], 60 S. + Tafeln [100] + 4 n.n. + 12 + 6 S. + Tafeln [30]. Priv. Hld. der Zeit. N/W III, 536: es fehlen die Tafel 82 des 1. Bd. (Graz 1647) und Tafel 69 des 2. Bd. (6 Ansichten Greiseneck etc.). Zusätzlich eingebunden in Band 2 eine Tafel mit 8 Ansichten (Gradisch bis Zschakaturn) und eine Tafel mit vier Ansichten (Sauritsch, Külbel, Schmierenberg und Schwamberg). Im dritten Band ist die Tafel 84, in eine Tafel mit drei Ansichten (Stättenberg, Forchtenstein, Drakenberg) und eine mit vier Ansichten eingebunden. Einige Tafeln sind verbunden innerhalb der Bände. Mit den drei Titelblättern und den beiden Porträts, wie häufiger fehlt der Titel zum Ergänzungsband. - Ebd. fleckig, stockfleckig, Gbrsp. Teilweise mit Prägestempel. Gute Expl. - Tonlithographien. Versand D: 7,00 EUR Styriaca

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Weinek]
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        Théâtre des marionnettes du jardin des Tuileries

      - Imprimerie de Dubuisson & Cie, Paris 1863, 14,5x21,5cm, relié. - edizione originale. Vincolante mezza bottiglia dolore verde, spina piatta decorata con filetti dorati e piatti di carta marmo nero, guardie e contreplats di carta a mano, cosparsa bordi, leggermente smussata superiore, vincolante contemporaneo. Libro Illustrato di 24 tavole inserto 25, così come i disegni, disegnato nei colori sulla Cina, applicato sulla parte superiore della introduzione e 24 schizzi di Punch. La nostra copia è completa anche se la pagina dedica a George Sand che scompare nelle edizioni successive. Una riparazione a margini di pagina 289 e il disegno colore iniziale skit "The colpi commerciante". Nizza copia gratuita di lentiggini. - [FRENCH VERSION FOLLOWS] Édition originale. Reliure en demi chagrin vert bouteille, dos lisse orné de filets dorés et noirs, plats de papier marbré, gardes et contreplats de papier à la cuve, tranches mouchetées, un coin supérieur légèrement émoussé, reliure de l'époque. Ouvrage illustré de 24 planches hors-texte ainsi que de 25 dessins, tirés en couleurs sur Chine, appliqué en tête de l'introduction et des 24 saynètes de Polichinelle. Notre exemplaire est bien complet de la page de dédicace à George Sand qui disparait dans les éditions ultérieures. Une réparation en marges de la page 289 et du dessin en couleurs commençant la saynète "Le marchand de coups de bâton". Bel exemplaire exempt de rousseur.

      [Bookseller: Librairie Feu Follet]
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        The Naturalist on the River Amazons A record of adventures Habits of Animals Sketches of Brazilian and Indian Life and Aspects of Nature under the equator During Eleven Years of Travel

      First edition. 2 vols. Folding map & 9 plates with illustrations in the text. Small 8vo. Fine contemporary half calf, spines gilt, minor slight blemish on the upper cover of vol. 1. ix, 351, 32ads.(dated January 1863); vi, 423pp. London, John Murray,

      [Bookseller: Maggs Bros. Ltd.]
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        Praktische Erfahrungen auf dem Gebiete der Orthopädie, namentlich veralteter Luxationen im Hüftgelenke nebst Schiefstand des Beckens, Contracturen, Deformitäten der Knie und der Füsse, und deren Behandlung.

      Leipzig, F.O. Weigel, 1863, 8, XI, (1), 300 pp., 30 Holzschnitte, Halbledereinband der Zeit. Erste Ausgabe! Wie in Würzburg in dem ehemaligen Stephanskloster seinerzeit die Anstalt von Heine untergebracht war, so wurde in dem herrlich gelegenen ehemaligen Benediktinerkloster Michaelsberg in Bamberg 1849 ein gleiches Institut von Johannes Wildberger geschaffen. Wildberger, geboren in Neunkirchen im Kanton Schaffhausen, war von Beruf Messerschmied und chirurgischer Instrumentenmacher als solcher arbeitete er eine Zeitlang bei Heine in Würzburg. Wildberger hat nicht nur für Laien bestimmte Programme und Berichte über seine Anstalt herausgegeben, sondern auch eine Reihe von Abhandlungen veröffentlicht, unter denen besonders eine zu nennen ist (Praktische Erfahrungen auf dem Gebiete der Orthopädie), weil sie uns einen guten Überblick über den damaligen Stand der mechanischen Orthopädie gibt. ... Wildbergers besondere Domäne war die "Behandlung veralteter spontaner Luxationen im Hüftgelenke" er wendete Extensionsapparate eigener Konstruktion an und berichtete in mehreren Arbeiten über seine Erfolge. Am 6.März 1856 verlieh ihm die medizinische Fakultät der Universität Jena den Dr. honoris causa. 'Er hat sich als Gründer und Leiter seines Institutes unter Anwendung selbst erfundener Apparate sehr verdient gemacht'. Vom Herzog von Coburg erhielt er den Titel "Herzoglicher Hofrat" 1871 verlegte er seine orthopädische Heilanstalt auf das früher fürstliche Jagdschloß Jägersburg bei Forchheim in Oberfranken und starb am 30.November 1879 in Meran." Valentin, Gesch. d. Orthopädie, pp.236-237

      [Bookseller: MedicusBooks.Com]
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        Doldenhorn und Weisse Frau. Zum ersten Mal erstiegen und geschildert.

      - Coblenz, Baedeker 1863. Kl.4°. 2 Bl., 86 S., 1 Bl. und 11 farb. lithogr. Tafeln nach Sizzen von Ph. Gosset u. E. v. Fellenberg, 2 Holzstichtafeln, 2 Textholzstiche, 1 gef. farb. lith. Karte nach J. R. Stengel. Rotes Halbleder der Zeit. mit goldgepr. Rückentitel und leichter Rückenvergoldung. Der Original-Umschlagtitel ist eingebunden. Erste Ausgabe. Im Rand durchgehend etwas braunfleckig. Gutes Exemplar. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Fatzer ILAB]
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        Map of New York and Vicinity.

      New York.: M. Dripps.. 1863. Pocket map, handcolored engraving on sheet 26 x 19 1/2 inches folding into gilt-lettered decorative embossed cloth-covered board folder 5 x 3 1/2 inches. A few very short separations at fold intersections, overall very crisp, bright and clean. A scarce early edition of this beautiful map of New York City. .

      [Bookseller: oldimprints.com]
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        A REPORT BY A FORMER GOVERNOR OF TENNESSEE ON THE CONFEDERATE DEFEAT AT THE BATTLE OF CHATTANOOGA AND AN ATTEMPT TO RAISE AN AFRICAN-AMERICAN REGIMENT; Four-page letter from Neill S. Brown, a former Tennessee governor, to John Reid, a volunteer aide of General Price

      Cartersville, Georgia to LaFayette, Alabama, 1863. Unbound. Very good. The letter and envelope are both dated Dec 3, 1863. The envelope is addressed to John Reed at LaFayette, Alabama and franked with a 10-cent blue Jefferson Davis stamp (Scott CSA#12) that is canceled with a circular Cartersville, Georgia postmark also dated Dec 3. The letter and stamp are in very nice shape; the letter has some minor wear and soiling. Brown describes the South's defeat at Chattanooga, expresses remorse at being unable to return to his home in Tennessee, and announces an effort to raise a Confederate African-American regiment. "[Nathan Bedford] Forest has gone to west [actually, east] Tennessee with his command where he expects to recruit & make Okolona his head quarters. . . . You will have heard of our disaster at Chattanooga. . . . it is not so bad as at first supposed. We lost 30 or 40 pieces of artillery & a great deal of camp furniture, but the loss in men was not so great, probably three thousand. . . . The slaughter of the enemy was severe. The whole thing resulted from the weakness at one point of our line where we had but one man for every five feet . . . it was not cowardice or treachery. The army made good its retreat & repulsed the enemy with every attack & . . . the troops are fast recovering. . . . Longstreet still [has] Knoxville invested. . . . reinforcements will be sent up soon. Two brigades have already gone up . . . Georgia state troops, 15000 strong, are . . . occupying a supporting position. There is unacceptable disinformation by our papers & people give the highest coloring to our misfortunes. Whether we succeed or not depends upon the people themselves. . . .I am not going back home until peace is made. Nothing could induce me to go under present circumstances. . . . It is said that James Trimble [Brown, Neill's son] is engaged in making up a negro regiment this summer.". Neill Brown, a founding member of the Tennessee Whig Party, served as governor in the late 1840s. An ardent Unionists and still politically influential at the onset of the Civil War, Brown initially campaigned against secession and even offered to lead fellow Unionists in battle, but in the face of secessionist fervor, he soon reversed his position and became an ardent Confederate. When the Union occupied Nashville in 1862, Brown was temporarily jailed, and his house was burned. The Nashville Union newspaper of December 1, 1863 reported that following his release, Brown reversed position once more and gave a speech in federally-occupied Columbia proclaiming imminent defeat for the Confederacy and encouraging citizens to "return to the Union." His blatant opportunism infuriated Columbian Unionists and, the paper also reported, Brown "vamoosed for Dixie [where he began] imploring old men and youths, and even the women, to take to the field for Dixie and 'Drive the Vandals from the soil of Tennessee.'" James Trimble Brown's attempt to form "negro brigade" died on the vine; the Encyclopedia of Virginia reports that "In December 1863, Confederate general Patrick R. Cleburne wrote a memorandum advocating the emancipation and enlistment of black men as Confederate soldiers. He circulated the proposal among his peers and gained fifteen additional signatures before sending it to his commanding officers, Secretary of War James A. Seddon, and President Davis. The Davis administration, receiving the proposal in January 1864, not only declined to present it to Congress, but also ordered Cleburne and his colleagues to cease all discussion of the subject." A unique account from influential-though politically expedient-Southern politician.

      [Bookseller: Read 'Em Again Books, ABAA]
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        The United States Army and Navy Journal and Gazette of the Regular and Volunteer Forces Volume I 1863-1864

      Army and Navy Journal, 1863. First Edition. Hardcover. Good Condition. 860 pages; oversized. 52 issues bound together, from August 29, 1863 to August 20, 1864. Each issue is 16 pages, measures about 10 x 14 inches. Some scratching and wear to the blue covers; the pages are discolored from age; some foxing; some light creasing. A remarkable publication of Civil War reports; some ads at the back of most issues; a few with small illustrations. Rare. Quantity Available: 1. Shipped Weight: 4+ Pounds/Larger. Category: Military; Inventory No: 154708. .

      [Bookseller: Easy Chair Books]
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        African Hunting from Natal to the Zambesi.

      London: Richard Bentley,, 1863. Including Lake Ngami, the Kalahari Desert, etc. From 1852 to 1860. Octavo. Original honeycomb-grain green cloth, spine lettered and ruled in gilt, decorative blind rules to sides enclosing gilt hunting vignette to front, brown coated endpapers, binder's ticket (Edmonds & Remnants) to the rear pastedown, edges untrimmed. Title page printed in red and black, photogravure portrait frontispiece, folding map, 10 wood-engraved plates, 6 double-tint lithographs not listed in the contents but still called for, wood-engravings to the text. Contemporary bookseller's ticket to front pastedown. Small mark to spine not affecting lettering, headcaps rubbed, light wear to bumped tips, light spotting to prelims, faint tide-mark to top edge of frontispiece, a few other trivial marks. An excellent copy. First edition of "one of the best books describing early African big game hunting, and a necessary volume in the African sporting library" (Czech), also noted for providing the first accurate description of the Victoria Falls. Baldwin (1826-1903) arrived in Durban in 1851, "seduced to South Africa after reading Gordon-Cumming's Five Years of a Hunter's Life (1850)" (Howgego), and "penetrated through Natal, Zululand, the Transvaal, Bechuanaland, Matabeleland, and Namaqualand, in days when some of these countries were hardly known even by name … Baldwin's experiences are written in a simple and unostentatious manner, but he went through more adventures than almost any other of the great South African travellers" (Mendelssohn). Soon after arriving he joined a hunting trip to Zululand led by "Elephant White", travelling to St Lucia Bay to shoot hippopotamus. In 1854 he hunted in Amatonga country (north-eastern Natal) and made a second trip to Zululand. In 1857 he visited the Transvaal, and the following year reached as far as Lake Ngami despite the ongoing conflict between the Transvaal and Orange Free State. "On a final journey in April 1860 Baldwin set out from Potchefstroom, guided only by a pocket compass, intent on reaching the Victoria Falls which until then had been seen only by David Livingstone. More by luck than judgement he arrived at the falls on 3 August 1860 and about five days later encountered the celebrated missionary … Apart from becoming only the second European to set eyes on the falls, Baldwin was the first to provide their true dimensions and the first to reach the falls directly from Natal. After an estimated 24,000 kilometres of travel through many parts of southern Africa, Baldwin returned to England in 1863" (ibid.) His account, much enlivened by its attractive lithographs, was reprinted the same year under a slightly variant title, and again in 1894.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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        Un souvenir de Solferino. Presentation copy

      Geneva: J. G. Fick, 1863. Dunant, Jean Henri (1828-1910). Un souvenir de Solferino. [4], 115pp. Double-page map. Geneva: Imprimerie Jules-Guillaume Fick, 1862. 267 x 173 mm. 19th century half cloth, marbled boards, almost invisibly rebacked, light edgewear; boxed. Internally very good. Presentation Copy, inscribed by the author to Sven Erik Sköldberg (1806-84) on a slightly trimmed leaf bound before the half-title: "Monsieur le Docteur Sven Erik Skoeld[berg]/Conseiller au Collčge de Médecine de Stockho[lm]/Intendant de matériel medical de l'Armée/Suédoise &c. &c. &c./Souvenir de la Conférence Internatio[nale]/de Genčve/Hommage respectueux/de l'Auteur/J. Henry Dunant/Genčve le 29 Octobre 1863." First Edition of the work that led to the foundation of the International Red Cross, inscribed by the author to one of the future organizers of the Swedish Red Cross. Dunant's ten-line presentation inscription, which fills the entire page, compares favorably to his three-line presentation in the copy cited in the Grolier Club's One Hundred Books Famous in Medicine. According to En français dans le texte, 1,600 copies of Un souvenir de Solferino were printed in November 1862 for private distribution. Of these only 400 were actually sent out; these copies, constituting the original issue, have a title-page stating "Ne se vend pas" over the imprint. The positive reception of the few copies sent out encouraged Dunant to publish a second edition of 1,000 copies just one month later. On 24 June 1859 the Battle of Solferino-one of the bloodiest of the nineteenth century-was fought between the Austrians and the French-Piedmontese alliance. Dunant, a Swiss philanthropist, witnessed the battle and its dreadful aftermath, in which the nearly 40,000 casualties were left to die with no medical treatment except what he and the local inhabitants could provide them. Upon returning to Geneva Dunant published Un souvenir de Solferino, an account of the horrors he had seen coupled with an appeal for "some international principle, with the sanction of an inviolable convention, which . . . might constitute a basis for Societies for the relief of the wounded in the various countries of Europe." The wide interest generated by Dunant's book led to an international conference in Geneva in October 1863, which led to the foundation of the International Red Cross and to the establishment of the Geneva Convention. Dunant shared with Frédéric Passy the first Nobel Peace Prize in 1901. The dedication in the present copy is written in connection with the 1863 Geneva conference, which Sven Eric Sköldberg attended as a representative for Sweden. Sköldberg was a physician and a gynecologist, and counselor in medical matters to the Swedish government. In 1864 he published a book, Sĺrades vĺrd i fält. Internationella konferensen i Genčve oktober 1863 och dess resultater, in which he supported Dunant's ideas. Sköldberg took part in the foundation of the Swedish Red Cross, but had diverging thoughts on how it should be organized, and therefore received no position in the Swedish organization. En français dans le texte 284. Garrison-Morton.com 2166. Printing and the Mind of Man 350. Norman 670.

      [Bookseller: Jeremy Norman's Historyofscience.com]
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        A Successful Exploration Through The Interior of AustraliaFrom Melbourne to the Gulf of Carpentaria From the Letters and Journals of William John Wills

      First edition. Portrait frontispiece and folding map. 8vo. Fine original publisher's green cloth, spine gilt, but darkened, minor joint repair, with the elaborately decorated endpapers. xii, 396, 32 ads.pp. London,

      [Bookseller: Maggs Bros. Ltd.]
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        Sporting manuscript Wisden's Secret/Wisden's Bible

      260 page partly illustrated sporting manuscript and diary written November 1862- September 1863 by Francis Emilius Cary Elwes.Re. Price. This should be considered as an "invitation to treat" This is probably one of the most extraordinary sporting manuscript in existence or ever discovered.It is perhaps also one of the more remarkable manuscripts to be discovered in the whole of literature. In a small way it will change received history that many people throughout the cricket world, without question, accept as the truth. A truth that I for one, accepted without question. Until that is April 2016 with the study and acquisition of this manuscript and I was able to prove that this could not possibly be the case. Its unusual qualities are threefold. Firstly because it is nothing less than the ORIGINAL SOURCE MANUSCRIPT in part at least for Wisden's Almanac 1864, and secondly because the one person it is not by is John Wisden!!!. and were this not enough thirdly it provides also the textual and stylistic prototype guide from which Wisden's Almanac evolved over the next 10 years. It is of immense importance to the early days of cricket proving as it does that John Wisden was not the sole creator of the 1864 first edition of Wisden but also that the way it supposedly evolved with the edition of bowling analysis, schools cricket and most importantly match reports over the next ten years owes everything to the prototypes in this manuscript and little to John Wisden. It is also of interest to those interested in the subject of plagiarism, because without any doubt as I will show John Wisden is not, repeat not, the sole creator as is generally accepted of Wisden's Almanac. Moreover the way the Almanac supposedly developed was not due to a slow, piece by piece, evolutionary process but simply Wisden imitating textually and stylistically what was in this manuscript. The existence of schools cricket reports, bowling analysis and most importantly cricket match reports for 1863 were written by a man whom as the diary and supporting documents show clearly knew Wisden and knew him for many years and help to prove that this ms. was the original source ms. in part at least for the Almanac. Amongst those who really know their 1864 first edition doubt in some quarters has been expressed as to whether in fact Wisden was the sole creator of the first edition. Proof will be shown in one of the accompanying illustrations and explanations that Wisden directly copied from this manuscript and therefore must have had some access to this manuscript and to a greater or lesser extent copied and claimed as his own, another mans work. To a lesser extent it maybe of interest to those interested in mid- Victorian social history because as one part of this manuscript is a day to day diary. Those interested in shooting at this time will enjoy the daily accounts of shooting in another section of the ms. Whilst those with an interest in medicine and principally the madness of the final stage of syphilis may also find interest because this ms. was probably written during the early part of the final stage of syphilis. It is known that the author died in October 1867 of General Paresis or as we now know it to be syphilis. The ms itself is 3 perhaps 4 mss. in one. The first is a day to day diary covering the period January 1863 to september 1863. The second is a shooting diary covering the period November 1862 to January 1863. The third is a collection of sporting reports to include racing rowing rackets boxing and most importantly cricket. The fourth? is a number of missing pages randomly scattered throughout. In no way do these missing pages impact upon the other 3 texts. The quantity of these pages is sufficient to have contained everything in the 1864 first edition that is unrelated to cricket. The author of this ms. is a man by the name of Francis Emilius Cary Elwes born August 23 1828 and died October 1867. He grew up in a place near Northampton called Great Billing. His father was a race horse breeder (breeder of 2 Derby winners) by the name of Robert Cary Elwes. At a young age his father inherited part of the "Miser Elwes" fortune. From the day to day diary F.E.C. Elwes would seem to have been a man of many interests. His sporting interests included fishing, shooting, rabbiting, rowing probably horse racing, croquet and of course cricket. Outside of sport he enjoyed opera, ballet, theatre, music, art, literature, and history. In about 1856 he married Mary Helen Murray an American born woman whose father Alexander Murray mapped much of Newfoundland and whose great uncle? Sir George Murray was at the Batle of Fuentes d'Onor. Without this ms. little can be found out about F.E.C.Elwes. Googling his name produces few results. But with the ms. he comes to life. Thanks to it it can be shown that he went to Cambridge, rowed and played cricket for Magdalene College, and in all probability first encountered Wisden at Cambridge when Wisden was there in his capacity as a cricket coach and Elwes was playing cricket for Magdalene college. A match in which Elwes took took 13 wickets all bowled. From the diary it can be seen that he banked with the bankers Gosling. Their records for much of the 19th century amazingly still survive and are held by Barclay Archive Group at Withenshaw. His records are accessible and can be read by anyone. They reveal much.They confirm that he enjoyed music. there is a cheque paid to Broadwood and a cheque to Chappelle and Co, both high class piano makers. The records show that he lived at 39 Queens Gate Terrace Kensington. (he writes of "dining at number 39") At the time this street consisted of expensive single occupancy 5 storey mansions. Nowadays many of the houses have been converted into flats. It can be seen that he was a member of the Oval, Lords, Princes Rackets Club, the Oxford and Cambridge Club and the Raleigh Travel and Exploration Club. An important entry is the one in January 1863 which shows that he paid Wisden a sum in excess of 30 pounds. A large sum of money in 1863.This is corroborated by a diary entry that relates to the settling of accounts at Wisden's. Earlier entries in the 1860's show that other bills were paid to Wisden further back into the late 1850's he wrote checks to F Lillywhite, one of Wisden's business partners. Also to be found are entries that relate and connect Gosling's bank records with the day to day diary section of the the ms. with the 1864 Almanac. In the Almanac are 3 entries in January April and October for "dividends due at Bank" The ms. records "dividends due at bank" in January and April but nothing for July. Goslings records show that Elwes did receive dividends in January and April. An entry for fire insurance is found in the Almanac and the Ms. and there is an entry for the payment of insurance. Lords also hold records that go back to the early Victorian era although they do not exist in entirety. But from them we can see he was a member of Lords for many years. 3 addresses are given for him Gloucester Coffee House Piccadilly, Magdalene College Cambridge, and Aislaby Hall, Aislaby Yorkshire. The inclusion of the date of the death of Benj Aislabie one of the worst cricketers on record in the Almanac thus has an alternative reason other than his records as a cricketer and administrator for his inclusion . its a pun on Aislabie's name understood by family and friends but few others. There are many other entries in the 1864 Wisden Almanac which at first sight are puzzling but can be shown to relate to this mans life, family,and friends some of which will be shown later. On many days in the day to day diary are significant entries that are personal to Elwes besides "dividends due at bank" and that are repeated in the Almanac. Below are a few that make it difficult to believe that Wisden thought of them independently by himself. The references to Oxford Cambridge and Hilary Law Terms beginning and ending,Cambridge term divides, Pheasant and grouse shooting begins, ( whilst Wisden may have shot, Elwes clearly knows all about game shooting and fishing and is a far more likely source of the rural pursuit material in the Almanac than Wisden I would beg to suggest) fire insurance ceases,university boat races, Bell's Life are amongst others. Then there are names and words that can be found in both; although in a different context. These include Bentham, Woolwich, Boulougne, horticultural, geological, civil, engineers, Aislaby, Percival, carpets, and monument are but a few. There are a lot of entries that have a personal resonance with the life, family, and friends of Elwes. Some examples follow: Thurs 20 October the Battle of Navarino 1827. Elwes's father in law fought there and received a medal. Saturday 11 June buonoparte captured Malta 1798. Elwes had a brother buried there. The battles of the Crimea. Elwes had at least one close relative (Johnie Elwes who coincidentally? went to Harrow for a short period a few years before Wisden coached there) who appears in the diary and who fought there. For light reading in August he records reading Kinglake's History of the Crimea which quite probably helped provide the Crimean War battle dates together with connections such as the fact that his niece was married to Horatio Tennyson whose brother Alfred of course wrote "the Charge of the Light Brigade. The assassination of Spencer Perceval. There is a check paid to Elwes by a Captain Percival. This may or may not be a pun but in the shooting diary there is a record of a Captain Percival and Spencer Perceval had a son Captain Perceval who fought in the Crimea. 26 January Dr. Edward Jenner who invented vaccination died 1823. There is a diary entry that reads "At Charlotte's. Great panic, smallpox discovered. Thank God its only in a servant as yet" Wednesday 13 July Duke of Orleans killed 1842. There is a short report about racing at Chantilly race course in the Ms. Chantilly was owned by the Duke of Orleans. Or the entry for Tues 5 July which readsD O'connell Roman Catholic elected member for Clare 1828. There are a few connections which suggest Elwes as the source for this entry. His neice Eleanora was married to Charles Fitzgerald a governor of Western Australia and who came from Clare. Another relative owned what is now Stoke College in a place called Stoke by-Clare. Finally there are many connections between the Elwes family and Catholicism in the latter half of the 19th century. They may or may not have been Catholics in secret prior to 1865 but they became prominent and leading members after. Elwes's wife was a Roman Catholic and after his death was the foundress of a St. Dominics school Crieff There are several entries in the ms. that relate to the creation of Almanacs in late March. As a gentleman of leisure and as a man who had some artistic ability it would seem that Elwes spent some of his time creating Almanacs. One entry in particular stands out when his niece Charlotte came round "great fuss and excitement about the Almanacs" records Elwes. Access to this ms. makes it possible ( for me )to think that in late March 1863 this was when the idea for the 1864 Almanac first drew breath. It is posible to think that there was probably a basic agreement between Elwes and Wisden to produce not one but several Almanacs. Elwes would write and probably pay for their production. Wisden would do the trade ie. publish and sell. It is quite clear from some of the entries in the ms. that Wisden and Elwes knew each other and knew each other well. They include "at Wisden's" "pipe with Wisden" "at Wisden's great cricket talk" and most informative of their relationship "Wisden did not come round so I went round to his and found him entertaining a party of cricketers" It was without doubt more than just a simple business arrangement between these 2 men. The shooting diary is of interest simply as a record of shooting in 1862/63. It takes place mainly on the Egton Estate in Yorkshire but there are a few days at Mildenhall and also Stoke by Clare. Each of these places was owned by a member of the Elwes family and it would seem that Elwes had some interest in them. He must have been quite serious about shooting because he speaks of using a Boss Breech Loader. Not cheap. It records basic accounts together with a simple statistical table showing what was shot where and by whom. (if Wisden had some access to this ms. as I shall show he must have had he also had access to this statistical table. (Could this be where the idea for the statistical records employed by Wisden came from). Along with the accounts and statistical table there is a guest list. It shows that Wisden and George Parr were guests for 10 days in 1862.Finally there are several illustrations related to the shooting. One of these shows 3 men in a drawing room and a servant bringing drinks. There is more than a passing resemblance between one of the men sitting down and Wisden. The sporting reports: There are sporting reports for rowing rackets horse racing boxing and most importantly cricket. The rowing reports are very important because of the table showing the university rowing matches from their commencement. When compared with the University Rowing matches in the 1864 Almanac there is an obvious similarity. However when these are compared with the table showing the University Rowing Matches in the Rowing Almanac the trail from the Rowing Almanac to Wisden via the ms. is an easy one to follow. But it becomes certain that Wisden must have copied and modified slightly from the ms. with the use of dittos and single letter abbreviations for minutes and secondsif one examines the timings. The last 3 timings in Wisden 1864 are exactly the same as in the ms. These 3 timings whilst being the same, are wrong, and have been written incorrectly by Elwes.The repetition of mistakes made in an earlier text repeated in a later text together with the virtually identical tables are inescapable evidence of copying and thus prove that Wisden must have had access to this ms. and therefore everything within it. The horse racing records in Wisden 1864 could easily have been supplied by Elwes. Being the son of a race horse breeder who bred 2 Derby winners he probably knew quite a lot about horse racing. Members of his family are listed as stewards etc at Northwold racecourse Lincolnshire. There is a piece in the ms. about the racing at Chantilly in France in 1863. Elwes and or his brother Dick would appear to have had some familiarity with France and French. There is an entry for Dick and Ina (his wife Selina ) going to and returning from Boulougne. This point arguably make Elwes a much better and more likely candidate as the source for the French material and the horse racing tables in the Almanac rather than Wisden. It is however the cricket reports that are of most interest in relation to Wisden. There are many of them. Some of the matches Elwes records his attendance. Some of them have 2 or 3 pages of report for example the match between while the reports for other matches are perhaps only a couple of paragraphs. Any one who knows what Wisden reports are like will soon be struck by the similarity between the reports they know and the reports in this ms.They begin in a similar style: Who was the match between where was it played and when. There maybe a few preliminary remarks about the weather or crowd or details about pitch and then its on to the toss and who opened the bowling and batting and then the bare factual details of play. Just like a later Wisden report, Also sometimes included are unusual but relevant information for example the amusing occassion when the umpires themselves did not know the rules or the "extraordinary" day when Cambridge played the M.C.C. who turned up short of players, borrowed 2 from Cambridge, and won easily in large part to the efforts of the 2 they "borrowed". Elwes, one would guess, was a keen Cambridge supporter. It is not really neccessary to study the newspaper reports of the time to realise that whilst these reports may have been sourced from them they are definitely neither copied nor precised, rather compiled in a similar fashion as Wisden would have compiled reports 6 years later. The use of the words "extraordinary" and "remarkable" when describing unusual cricketing events is met with here for the first time. Their echo is to be heard for many years in latere editions of Wisden . Of course Wisden put his own stamp on the Almanac reports just the same as any other Wisden editor. It was calmost certainly Wisden for example who was resposible for the January 1 entry in the Almanac "British Museum closed" Elwes in his dayu to day diary for January 1 has "circumcision" Later editions would have Circumcision for the January 1 entry.But would Wisden have described Lyttleton, one of the 2 Cambridge players who played for the M.C.C. as a (renegade) or E. Stephenson who was absent for a match and thus had deserted his county thus (the blackguard). Probably not. Of further interest is a report in the style that Wisden adopted for the first Yorkshire Surrey match at the Oval. The missing pages. They in no way effect or impact any of the other 3 texts. Elwes has written 3 concurrent texts within one and on that basis there is no reason why there could not have been a fourth. Elwes is a very fluent writer who makes and or corrects few mistakes in his writing There are at least 15 leaves missing.Given how few mistakes Elwes makes in his writing and the way he has written 3 concurrent texts it seems unlikely that they were removed because of gross error and so therefore it is certainly a strong possibility that there was a fourth text.What could have been written on it? There is more than enough room for one who writes as small as Elwes to have written much if not all of the Almanac on these leaves that is not cricket related. ReflactionTransformation is a recently evolved and evolving technique for the recovery of lost texts. There is a possibility at least that the text of some of these pages is recoverable. Maybe today, maybe tomorrow, but as cameras become more powerful and computers are able to analyze increasing amounts of data the day when what was on these leaves is recoverable may not be far off. The manuscript ends suddenly in mid text.The last pages are all torn or cut out. The handwriting over the last few 50 pages or so shows increasing signs of illegibility becomes increasingly difficult to read. Elwes who writes frequently about being ill between November 1862 and September 1863 is probably reaching the time when his complete sanity is coming to an end. In 1864 according to the records held by Goslings his banking affairs were taken over by his brother and brother in law. In 1864 are court papers that show his wife applying for a divorce. Given that he died of Syphillis there is a something supremely ironic that she cites as reason for her divorce Elwes's inability over 7 years to consumate the marriage. The divorce was contested by Elwes's brother Dick (R.J.C.Elwes) on the grounds that it was not impossible for Elwes to be cured. There seem to be no court papers granting the divorce. His wife Mary Helen Elwes is later referred to as Mother Mary Ignatius and after a period as a nun moved to Scotland and was the foundress of a Roman Catholic school by the name of St. Dominics school Crieff.The Murrays were a prominent family in this region of Scotland. Elwes himself was placed in Ticehurst Asylum. The records of Ticehurst still exist and although his name has been incorrectly entered it is clear from the records that it must be F.E.C.Elwes who is the patient. Ticehurst accounts also survive and they show that either his brother Dick and or solicitor Willoughby Braere Stihl Rackham regularly made quarterly payments generally in excess of 300 pounds. His medical records survive and in the dry clinical way of such documents they record his treatment and deteriorating condition until his death in October 1867.Wisden's Secret/ Wisden's Bible Wisden had 2 big secrets. The first is that he most definitely was not the orignal creative force behind the original Almanac nor was he responsible for the way it looked over the next 10 years. He simply moulded and modified what appears in prototype in this ms. The second secret: Whilst researching this ms. I was astounded to learn that a man as famous in his lifetime as a cricketer, businessman, and publisher as Wisden undoubtedly was should have left not one single signed and inscribed Almanac, not one single signed and inscribed example of his co written book, not one single signed letter. Nothing apart from a few signed legal documents. Nor, even to this day is there a full length biography of Wisden. I find that absolutely amazing and begs the question How come? One reason that may be suggested is that all early Wisden records went up in smoke during the war in a fire and thats why. But surely there were other potential biographers before the war who could have studied these documents. The fact that there has never been a full length biography has a lot to do with the fact that there are no documentary records of any sort were ever found with which to refer to. How Come there are no records. Firstly I think it entirely possible that Wisden may not have been able to write any more than his name and if he were unable to write much more than his name that would offer a sound reason why there are no written records by him. Secondly: Wisden's education ended at an early age. At best his hand writing and spelling skills would have been basic. But suppose he was Dyslexic. Although perhaps very intelligent and his ready wit suggests he was, a basic inability to spell, possibly even to the extent of being unable to spell his own his name as some who have dyslexia are affected may have labelled him as thick and therefore been a prime cause for his education ending early. Over the course of his life he may have learnt to read by his own efforst. But to spell and write correctly is a sperate skill and takes time effort and practice to master. One cannot write without being able to read but one might be able to read and not write. Thirdly: in his lifetime Wisden was one of the most famous people in the country. He must have been asked a thousand times to sign this and that never mind Wisden Almanacs and yet there is not one. Not one even to his friends George Parr and Jemmie Dean, not one to his sister or his editors, not one anywhere! Surely he would have signed some if he could. I have found no evidence that he could write and therefore it is pertinent to ask whether he could in fact write. It explains a lot if he couldn't Notes to the Illustrations Apart from the first illustration all the illustrations appear in the order that they appear in the text.Illustration 1 From this illustration it can be proven that Wisden essentially copied or used with a small amount of editing by the use of dittoes and the substitution of m and s for minutes and seconds this table of the University Rowing Matches. The table of University Rowing Matches can also quite clearly be seen to have been sourced with a few modifications from the Rowing Almanacs of 1863 and 1864 and the trail created from the Rowing Almanac to Wisden's Almanac 1864 via the manuscript is an easy one to follow. But the proof that this must have been copied is to be found in the last 3 timings. The last 3 timings in Wisden are exactly the same as in the manuscript but all 3 are wrong when examined against the Rowing Almanac. The repitition of mistakes made in an earlier work by a later work is a classic proof of copying. Elwes as one can see from the report of the race and accompanying illustration is a fan of rowing. Elwes as can be seen on these illustrated pages writes with surprisingly few corrections although he does make mistakes. The important point about this page is that it proves Wisden had access and used this ms as a source, and because of this, the essential question is not "did Wisden compile the Almanac by himself" By the evidence of the rowing tables he clearly didnt. The question to be asked is how much is Wisden's work and how much is Elwes's. Illustration 2 The second of the missing pages can be seen between pages numbered 2 and 3. There are 2 Sundays on these pages and each have a note denoting their religious significance. Monday 12 is the first mention of Goslings Bank. Monday the 19 "gave cheque to Wisden " this is corroborated by the surviving records for Gosling's which show that Elwes paid Wisden a sum in excess of 30 pounds. Illustration 3 This page is primarily of interest because it shows Wisden and George Parr (another cricketer and best friend of Wisden) as guests for 10 days on the Egton shooting estate in Yorkshire.Illustration 4 Page 28. Is this simple statistical table what inspired Wisden to use or create his own cricket statistics.Illustration 5 Several mentions regarding Wisden and the accumalation of sporting intelligence for the "diary"Illustrations 6 and 7 The beginning of the cricket reports. One should not need to take too long to realise that the way the cricket reports appear here they cannot possibly have just been copied or precised.. Of interest in the All England versus The United match is the short paragraph regarding Law 10 and the illustration at the top of the page 57 depicting law 10. At the bottom of page 57 is a list of the "former matches" Compare this with page 84 in Wisden. Its easy to imagine that Wisden surely copied this with a few modifications. Stephen Baldwin Stephen Baldwin is a well known expert about Wisden the man. When it comes to Wisden the man (I'm not so sure about the texts) he is the go to expert. He along with the publishers of Wisden's Almanac was one of the first people I consulted about this ms. I contacted him about having a look at the ms. Wisden's also requested that he have a look. According to Stephen Baldwin the material I had sent to Wisden's and in which I suggested that Wisden may not have been the original creator of the 1864 first edition had as he put it "piqued their curiosity" He examined the ms for perhaps an hour and a half and duly produced a report and from I have selected 3 highly relevant quotes1) Given the similarity of the style of the reports in Bell's Life and the diary there is a need to ensure that the diary reports are original observations and not just copies or precises of Bell's Life reports. Although invited to no attempt that I am aware of so far has been made on the part of either Wisden's or Stephen Baldwin to do this. However I have looked and there is not the slightest chance that these reports are either copied or precised. 2) This is a valued and valuable item 3) "The diary would suggest that FECE was the source of some of the non cricket information." Since Stephen Baldwin examined the ms. I have studied it much more intensively and relayed anything of significance, and there was much, I have found to him . From this many more connections aside from the ones detailed above have been discovered including some more in the last few weeks that I hasve not relayed to him. I'm not sure but I dont think he knew of the existence of the Rowing Almanac and its relevance to the 1864 Wisden Almanac. (see illustration) Viewing The manuscript is held in a bank deposit box but maybe viewed by anyone with a serious commercial enquiry at any time during banking hours by appointment. 2/3 hours should be allowed during which time I will explain relevance of everything I know between the manuscript and Wisden's Almanac. N.B.To deter any but those interested my time is chargeable.

      [Bookseller: Kings]
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        Wasserfall bei Locarno. Ölgemälde auf Leinwand. Kopie des Ölgemäldes nach Schütz – 1863 gemalt.

      - Bildmaß: 26 x 36 cm ( Höhe x Breite ). in alter aufwendiger Prunkrahmung ( Rahmenmaß: 40 x 49 cm ). Das Bild ist verso bezeichnet und datiert: *Wasserfall bei Locarno. Copie nach Schütz von Franziska Sattler, geb. Schwarzenberg, 1863*. Das Bild mit stärkerem Craquele sowie zum rechten Außenrand hin mit kleiner Farbabplatzung ( wohl durch einen ehemals enger gefassten Rahmen - retuschierbar ). Das Bild sollte gereinigt werden, ansonsten guter Zustand. Der aufwendige Rahmen gering bestoßen. ( Pic erhältlich // webimage available ) ( Lagerort Richey )

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Friederichsen]
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        Statistique et documents relatifs au sénatus-consulte sur la propriété arabe. 1863.

      Paris, Imprimerie Impériale, 1863, demi-chagrin moderne, plat sup. de la couv. cons. –Rousseurs éparses, marge ext. de 1 f. lég. déchirée sans manque de papier, petite mouillure lég. dans la marge sup. des 10 derniers ff. et lég. manque de papier dans la marge sup. du dernier f. –Très bon exemplaire. - in-8 de 544 pp. ; Edition originale. Rare.Très riche recueil de documents.Il contient: -Rapport du Ministre de la Guerre sur le projet de sénatus-consulte; projet de sénatus-consulte; exposé des motifs du projet présenté au Sénat. –Discussions relatives à l’Algérie: au Sénat (propriété arabe), au Corps législatif (chemins de fer algériens, droit de tonnage). –Enquêtes sur le commerce et la navigation de l’Algérie. –État actuel de l’Algérie: administration civile, armée et marine.

      [Bookseller: LIBRAIRIE PHILIPPE SERIGNAN]
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        Aviation ou navigation aérienne

      E. Dentu, 1863. (11,5 x 18,5) EDIZIONE ORIGINALE. Stupenda leg. in marocchino blu notte di Bellevallée, dorso a 5 nervi, tit. in oro. Vignetta al frontespizio. 315 pp. (errori nella numerazione). Brockett 1033; Maggs Cat. 545 n. 195.

      [Bookseller: Bibliotheca Culinaria srl]
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        Historia de las ordenes de caballería, que han existido y existen en España.Edición ilustrada con magníficas láminas al cromo.Obra completa.Primera parte comprende la ínclita y militar orden de San Juan de Jerusalen.Segunda y última parte que comprende las diez y siete ordenes españolas extinguidas, y las existentes en la actualidad,que son: Santiago, Calatrava, Alcántara,Montesa, Isabel la Católica, San Hermenegildo, San Fernando,Toison de Oro, Carlos III, Diadema Real de la Marina Española, Banda de Damas Nobles, Cruz de Beneficiencia, y Santo Sepulcro. Incluye Historia de la Real Pontificia y Hospitalario Militar orden del Santo Sepulcro por D.Carlos Vela y Manuel José Quintana.

      Imprenta de P.Gracia y Orga, Madrid 1863 - 31x24 cm.830,219+57 págs de apéndice.En media piel holandesa con doble tejuelo en verde y rojo e hilos dorados.Cantos decorados.Bellas cromolitografías y capitulares.Muy buen estado. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Librería Torres-Espinosa]
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        ALCANCE A LA GACETA DEL BOLETIN DEL DIARIO DE SANTIAGO DE CUBA, DE FECHA 3 DE SETIEMBRE...¡VIVA LA REINA! NOTICIAS DE SANTO DOMINGO DERROTA DE LOS INSURRECTOS EN PUERTO- PLATA [caption title]

      [Cuba, 1863. Broadside, 12 1/4 x 7 3/4 inches. In Spanish. Manuscript pencil numerical annotation in lower margin ("364"). Fine. A rare and evidently unrecorded Cuban imprint relating to the Dominican Restoration War of 1863-65, announcing and celebrating the defeat of and death of Dominican Nationalist General Benito Martinez at the hands of the Spanish in August 1863. The broadside is a newspaper extra from the BOLETIN DEL DIARIO DE SANTIAGO DE CUBA, for which no published references have been located. In remarkably fine condition.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Handbook Of British Mosses, Comprising All That Are Known To Be Natives Of The British Isles (In Deluxe 3/4 Green Morocco)

      London: Lovell, Reeve & Co, 1863. 1st Edition . Hardcover. Near Fine. 23 Color Plates And One B/W Plate By Walter Hood Fitch. Xxxvi, 324, 24 Fine Plates (23 Hand-Coloured) Drawn And Lithographed By Walter Hood Fitch, Each With 1 P. Letterpress Explanatory Text, Plates And Text Pages Printed On One Side Only. Half Title Present, No Ads At Rear. Nicely Bound By Bickers & Son, London, In Green Morocco, 5 Bands, Gilt Title And Author, All Compartments And Bands Ornately Gilt, Gilt Rules On Covers, Marbled Endpapers. All Edges Gilt. Light Rubbing To Binding Almost Entirely At Corners. Text Block Bright And Square, Unworn, Pages Unworn, No Foxing Or Browning To Pages Or Plates.

      [Bookseller: Arroyo Seco Books]
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        ALCANCE A LA GACETA DEL BOLETIN DEL DIARIO DE SANTIAGO DE CUBA, DE FECHA 3 DE SETIEMBRE...¡VIVA LA REINA! NOTICIAS DE SANTO DOMINGO DERROTA DE LOS INSURRECTOS EN PUERTO- PLATA [caption title]

      [Cuba, 1863. Broadside, 12 1/4 x 7 3/4 inches. In Spanish. Manuscript pencil numerical annotation in lower margin ("364"). Fine. A rare and evidently unrecorded Cuban imprint relating to the Dominican Restoration War of 1863-65, announcing and celebrating the defeat of and death of Dominican Nationalist General Benito Martinez at the hands of the Spanish in August 1863. The broadside is a newspaper extra from the BOLETIN DEL DIARIO DE SANTIAGO DE CUBA, for which no published references have been located. In remarkably fine condition.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana ]
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        Eigenh. Brief mit U.

      Weimar, 3. III. 1863. - 1 S. auf gefalt. Doppelblatt. 8vo. "Ich erlaube mir dir die Tochter des Hofrath Bossler in Berlin, ein Mädchen mit einer schönen Altstimme, aufs Beste zu empfehlen. Sie ist hier als Orsino mit Beifall aufgetreten, und wünscht in Hannover ein Engagement zu finden. Kannst du ihr dazu behülflich sein, so wirst du mich sehr verbinden. Du findest in ihr ein fein gebildetes talentvolles Mädchen [ ]". - Der von Goethe geförderte Genast hatte als Siebzehnjähriger sein Debüt in Weimar mit dem Osmin in Mozarts Entführung aus dem Serail. 1817 nahm er ein Engagement in Dresden an und wechselte im folgenden Jahr nach Leipzig. 1828 wurde er Theaterdirektor in Magdeburg, ging jedoch bald nach Weimar zurück, wo ihm eine Anstellung auf Lebenszeit versprochen worden war. Genast, der auch als Opern- und Liederkomponist tätig war, trat seit 1852 nur noch in Schauspielen auf und wurde 1860 pensioniert.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat INLIBRIS Gilhofer Nfg. GmbH]
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        Will be Published, shortly. Stuart's Journal of Exploration through the Interior of Australia and Across the Continent. F.F. Bailliere, 85 Collins Street East, Publisher in Ordinary to the Victorian Government, and Publisher and Importer of British and Foreign Medical and other Scientific Books. // Landsborough's Journal of Exploring Expedition. Portraits and Coloured Maps, showing Tracks of All Explorers. Price: Coloured Copies, 6s.; Plain, 5s. At All Booksellers. A large collection of the Early Voyages to, and Travels in the Australias, on hand [recto of a contemporary advertising handbill]

      [Melbourne, Bailliere, 1863]. A handbill, 218 x 137 mm, printed on blue paper on both sides (the verso carries a general advertisement for Bailliere); apart from occasional slight creases to the edges, in fine condition. The text is centered on both sides of the leaflet, and there is no sign along any of the edges that it has been disbound or detached. A horizontal crease across the centre adds further weight to the fact that this is a separately issued handbill advertising the imminent publication of the first account of Stuart's successful sixth expedition, on which he became the first man to cross the continent from south to north and return alive (in December 1862). A rare piece of printed Australian exploration ephemera.

      [Bookseller: Michael Treloar Antiquarian Booksellers]
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        Biografía del Brigadier General D. José Miguel Carrera (Dos veces Primer Magistrado de la República de Chile)

      Imprenta de Mayo, Buenos Aiares 1863 - 88 pp páginas [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Libreria de Antano (ILAB & ABA Members)]
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        The Views of Judge Woodward and Bishop Hopkins on Negro Slavery at the South, Illustrated from the Journal of a Residence on a Georgian Plantation by Mrs. Frances Anne Kemble (late Butler)

      [Philadelphia], 1863. 1st Edition. Wraps. Very good. Complete, 32 pages plus the illustrated wrapper. Cover and title page both feature the famous illustration of "Whipped Peter" Gordon, an escaped slave who enlisted in the Union Army. Sound binding. The reverse of the title page contains a preface by Stroud dated "Philadelphia, Sept. 15, 1863." Clean with minor edge-wear. This pamphlet contains short passages from pro-slavery, anti-abolition speeches given by George Washington Woodward (the leader of the Democratic Party in Michigan) and John Henry Hopkins (the Episcopalian Bishop of Vermont) interspersed with long excerpts from Fanny Kemble's journal describing the horrors of slavery based on her experience living on a Georgia plantation. The document was used to attack Judge Woodward, who at the time was the Democratic candidate for Governor of Pennsylvania. Stoud was a ardent abolishionist judge from Philadelphia, who authored Southern Slavery and the Christian Religion and a famous analysis of slave laws, A Sketch of the Laws Relationg to Slavery. Frances "Fanny" Kemble was a well-known British actress who had married Philadelphian Pierce Butler, the heir to tobacco, rice, and cotton plantations near Darien, Georgia, and the hundreds of slaves that worked them. Although Butler made regular visits to his plantations, Kemble did not accompany him until in 1838 after several years of marriage. Although she personally found blacks to be stupid, lazy, filthy and ugly, when she saw slavery up close, she was appalled.by their living and working conditions as well as the mixed race children fathered by one of Butler's overseers. These observations she recorded in her daily diary. After the couple returned to Philadelphia, their marriage began to diissove due to mutual infidelity and ended with a bitter divorce 1849. When Kemble threatened to publish her plantation journal, Butler, who was certain to be awarded custody of their children, promised to deny her any visitation. So, the diary, although privately circulated, remained unpublished until her children came of legal age during the Civil War when it was used by abolitionists to bolster flaggin Northern support for the war and undermine Confederate diplomacy in Great Britain. Although, the diary sheds considerable light on plantation life, especially upon the plight of female slaves, its accuracy has been roundly criticized, both by Kemble's contemporaries, including one of her daughters, and more recent historians. While digital files and print-on-demand reprints of this pamphlet abound, physical copies are very scarce. As of 2017, OCLC reports that only one institution, the British Library, holds an original physical pamphlet. Nore are available for sale, and the Rare Book Hub and ABPC show only four examples have appeared at auction in the last ten years.

      [Bookseller: Read 'Em Again Books, ABAA]
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        The Herald and Genealogist.

      London: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons,, 1863-74. Edited by John Nichols F.S.A. 8 volumes, octavo (211 x 130 mm). Contemporary tan calf, red and green morocco labels, elaborate tooling gilt to spines, raised bands, twin rule to boards with cornerpieces and circular motif gilt to front board, inner dentelles gilt, marbled endpapers, red edges. Black and white illustrations. Some occasional light foxing, spines a little rubbed, boards slightly marked, an excellent set. First edition with signed autograph letter tipped in. A handsomely bound set.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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        Dual Arithmetic. A New Art.

      1863 - Bell & Daldy. 1863, 1867. 8vo. 2 vols. Recently rebound in quarter speckled calf, marbled boards, spines with red morocco labels with gilt lettering; pp. xl + 244 + vii + 85, xii + 218; internally very clean, very good indeed. First edition, volume I also with the 'New Issue' of 1864 bound in. Scarce, especially volume II. Oliver Byrne (1810-1880), best known for his astonishing colour printed explanation of Euclid, invented dual arithmetic as a way of superceding logarithms and, he claimed, providing more accurate solutions more quickly. It was of this work that Byrne himself was most proud, despite dual arithmetic being far more laborious than the use of logarithms. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Henry Sotheran Ltd]
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        A FIRST YEAR IN CANTERBURY SETTLEMENT

      London: Longman, Green [et al], 1863. x,162,[2],32pp. plus folding map. Octavo. Original plum cloth, decorated in blind, spine lettered in gilt. Collector's bookplate on pastedown, crown and toe of spine frayed, with shallow patch of surface loss at crown, signs of early tightening between a couple of gatherings, otherwise, for this book, a near very good copy. First edition of the author's first book, compiled into a narrative and published by his father from Butler's letters home from New Zealand and his early press publications. The narrative covers the earliest years of his New Zealand venture, beginning with his voyage from Gravesend in 1859. HOPPÉ 2.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Literature ABAA-]
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        Geschichte der Haupt - und Residenzstadt Dresden von der frühesten bis auf die gegenwärtige Zeit. 2 Bde. Hier mit dem Zusatz : " Zweite mit 25 Bildern vermehrte Ausgabe. "

      Rudolf Kuntze, Dresden 1863 - 8°, 655 / 966 S., mit den 24 teils seltenen Veduten und Ereignisbildern in Lithographie zum Teil mit Tonplatte und der großen ausklappbaren Ansicht der Elbbrücke. Schwarzes Hldr., mit ( neueren ? ) Rückenschildern und sparsamer Rückenvergoldung. Geringe Gebrauchsspuren, sehr guter Gesamtzustand. 11 / Regal oben Sprache: de [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Buecherstube Eilert]
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        Masterpieces of Industrial Art & Sculpture at the International Exhibition, 1862. Selected and Described by J. B. Waring, Architect. Chromo-lithographed by and Under the Direction of W. R. Tymms, A. Warren, and G. MacCulloch, from Photographs Supplied by the London Photographic and Stereoscopic Company, Taken Exclusively for this Work by Stephen Thompson

      London: Day & Son, 1863. First edition. Hardcover. Very good condition. Complete in three folio volumes, magnificently produced with 301 chromolithographed full page plates of Victorian works of art from around the world, including the Supplemental Plate 300A. Chromolithograph plates include goldsmithed pieces, silver, clocks, furniture, porcelain, glass, sculpture, iron work, fire arms, and lace. These volumes were published to commemorate the Exposition of 1862 held in South Kensington, London. It was an unprecedented fair, with more exhibitors from more countries than had ever previously been attempted. Easily exceeding the Paris Exhibition of 1855, some 29,000 exhibitors representing 37 countries took part, resulting in an enormous number of exhibits which would have been even higher had the United States been able to participate, which it could not, due to the Civil War. There were the latest inventions of the Industrial Revolution, including the electric telegraph, submarine cables, the first plastic, machine tools, precision instruments, cotton mills, maritime engines and ice produced by an early refrigerator. There were the decorative goods, including fabrics, rugs, sculptures, furniture, plates, porcelain, silver and glass wares, and wallpaper, including works by William Morris. Many of the participating exhibitors came from the British Colonies, including Australia. The Jurors Reports favorably compared Australian exhibits in 1862 to prior efforts: "In 1851 the Australasian colonies were but poorly represented, although a few made some efforts to put in an appearance. ... in 1862, the Australian colonies exhibit one of the most extensive and finest collections of the whole group. .. New South Wales has a beautifully arranged collection of its gold products from all the principal fields in the several shapes of nuggets, quartz, grain gold, washing stuff, coin from the Sydney mint, &c. ... Victoria has gone to great expense ... one of the most striking objects is a gilded obelisk representing the actual amount of gold found in the colony since 1851, about 800 tons or L103,000,000 sterling.:" Three folio volumes (12 x 17"): Volume I: [8]pp, 14pp, [200]pp; Volume II: [204]pp; Volume III: [2], 14, [202]pp. Illustrated with 301 full page chromolithographed plates. Each volume with chromolithographed title page, text in English and in French. Three quarter red morocco with red cloth boards, the title in gilt at the spine, with raised bands and gilt rules, teg, others speckled; marbled end papers. Boards a bit dusty, spine edges a bit rubbed; the color plates bright and clean, very few with a bit of faint fox spotting confined entirely to the borders. OCLC: 973472603 records 4 copies.

      [Bookseller: Antipodean Books, Maps & Prints]
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        Excursions

      Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1863. First Edition. Very good+ in the publisher's original dark green "sawtooth" cloth covered boards with copper colored text and decorations and text on the spine, blind embossed borders with a blind stamped wreath on both boards and brown coated end papers. A 12mo of 7 by 4 1/2 inches with the cloth at the head and heel of the spine worn in small spots. An early prior owner's name on the verso of the first free end page. As is typically seen the frontispiece portrait of Thoreau shows light spots of foxing which has bled through the facing tissue guard to the title page. The contents are otherwise predominantly free of foxing and tanning. 319 pages of text the first 29 pages of which is a biographical sketch of Thoreau written by his friend and mentor Ralph Waldo Emerson. The first edition of this title consisted of only 1,500 bound copies of 1,558 printed. It was the first of his books to carry an image (an engraved frontispiece) of the author. (BAL 20111; Borst A3.1.a)

      [Bookseller: Town's End Books]
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        Le Livre des Esprits. Contenant les principes de la doctrine spirite sur la nature des Esprits, leur manifestation et leurs rapports avec les hommes ; les lois morales, la vie présente, la vie future et l'avenir de l'humanité (---). Neuvième édition. Paris. Didier et Cie. Ledoyen, Dentu, 1863.

      - 1 volume in-12° relié demi-basane noisette, titre doré, filets dorés en décor, XLIV + 474 p. Rousseurs éparses. Bel exemplaire. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Mesnard - Comptoir du Livre Ancien]
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        The Weather Book: A Manual of Practical Meteorology.

      First edition. Early rebinding in half blue morocco and marbled boards, by Jarrolds of Norwich (originally appeared in blue cloth). 464pp. With 16 engraved charts at back, some coloured, as called for. Robert Fitz Roy (or Fitzroy), 1805-65, was Captain of HMS Beagle, which sailed round the world with Darwin as naturalist. Fitz Roy, as well as being a great navigator, was a pioneering weather forecaster, and was appointed in 1854 as thr first head of what became the Met. Office. He was especially concerned with improving forecasting for shipping, and designed and installed barometers and weather warnings at ports. This book was a landmark in the early science of meteorology, and is rare. It was reprinted in the same year but appears to have no further editions. Copac lists 4 copies only, including the BL, Bodleian and Royal Society.

      [Bookseller: Michael Sweeney Books]
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        PNEUMATOLOGIE. DES ESPRITS ET DE LEURS MANIFESTATIONS DIVERSES. Mémoires adressés aux Académies. [6 tomes] - DES ESPRITS, DE L'ESPRIT-SAINT ET DU MIRACLE dans les six premiers et les six derniers siècles de notre ère, spécialement des résurrections de morts, des exorcismes, apparitions, transports, etc. - QUESTION DES ESPRITS et de leurs manifestations diverses. Appendices complémentaires et défenses des mémoires publiés par Js.-Es. de Mirville. [HUIT TOMES]

      1863 - Paris, Vrayet de Surcy, 1863-64 [et] Paris, Wattelier, 1868 pour les tomes VI et VII. Huit tomes reliés en six volumes + un volume broché. Tome I : (2) ff. de faux-titre et titre, (2) ff. de table, XXIV-463 pages - Tome II : LXVI pages, (1) f., 437 pages - Tome III : XI pages, (1) page d'errata, 503 pages - Tome IV : (2) ff. de faux-titre et titre, VIII-468 pages - Tome V : XV-534 pages, (1) f. d'errata - Tome VI : (2) ff. de faux-titre et titre, XLVII-486 pages, (1) f. d'errata - Tome VII (relié à la suite du tome VI, sans indication de tomaison) : (2) ff. de faux-titre et titre, 178 pages, (1) f. de sommaire - Tome VIII : (4) ff. dont faux-titre et titre, 189 pages. Ex-libris tampon encré «A. J. Bessière » en tête du feuillet de titre du tome III. Rousseurs aux volumes reliés ; dos du tome broché fendu avec manques de papier en queue et tête, petits manques aux plats de la couverture. COLLECTION COMPOSITE MAIS COMPLÈTE EN HUIT TOMES de ce «très intéressant ouvrage » et dont la collection complète est «TRÈS RARE » selon Dorbon. Nous reproduisons intégralement les titres de chaque tome car la répartition des parties qui composent cette série est complexe. Tome I : Pneumatologie. Des Esprits et de leurs manifestations diverses. Mémoires adressés aux Académies. Premier mémoire. Manifestations fluidiques devant la science moderne. Cinquième édition. - Tome II : Pneumatologie. Des Esprits et de leurs manifestations diverses. Mémoires adressés aux Académies. Deuxième mémoire. Manifestations historiques dans l'antiquité profane et sacrée rapprochées des faits de l'ère actuelle. I. - Tome III : Pneumatologie. Des Esprits et de leurs manifestations diverses. Mémoires adressés aux Académies. Deuxième mémoire. Manifestations historiques dans l'antiquité profane et sacrée rapprochées des faits de l'ère actuelle. II. - Tome IV : Pneumatologie. Des Esprits et de leurs manifestations diverses. Mémoires adressés aux Académies. Deuxième mémoire. Manifestations historiques dans l'antiquité profane et sacrée rapprochées des faits de l'ère actuelle. III. - Tome V : Pneumatologie. Des Esprits et de leurs manifestations diverses. Mémoires adressés aux Académies. Deuxième mémoire. Manifestations historiques dans l'antiquité profane et sacrée rapprochées des faits de l'ère actuelle. IV. Tome VI : Troisième mémoire. Manifestations thaumaturgiques. - Tome VII (la tomaison n'est pas indiquée sur le feuillet de titre) : Manifestations thaumaturgiques. Appendices et supplément du premier volume du troisième mémoire. Tome VIII : Question des esprits et de leurs manifestations diverses. Appendices complémentaires et défenses des mémoires publiés par J.-E. de Mirville. Appendice du Ier mémoire "Manifestations fluidiques". «L'auteur a été l'un des premiers à affirmer et à prouver le fait de l'existence des Esprits et de leurs manifestations, ses ouvrages sont riches en faits spontanés très instructifs, appuyés sur des faits authentiques. » (Caillet). Les sept premiers tomes ont été reliés uniformément à l'époque ; le huitième et dernier volume est broché. (Dorbon, 3110 - Caillet, 7599). AGRÉABLE EXEMPLAIRE de cet ouvrage que l'on trouve rarement complet, conservé dans sa solide reliure de l'époque pour les six premiers volumes. GOOD COPY. PICTURES AND MORE DETAILS ON REQUEST. [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: LIBRAIRIE ERIC CASTERAN]
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        The Northern Territory of South Australia. Accompanied with a Map

      Adelaide, W.C. Cox, Government Printer, 1863. Octavo, 54 pages plus a large folding map and an errata slip (tipped onto the contents page); the map (890 x 650 mm) is of the Northern Territory itself and shows the 'exploration tracks' of Stuart, Sturt, A.C. Gregory, McKinlay and Leichardt [sic]. Contemporary full morocco with decorative gilt borders front and rear, and the title in gilt on the front cover (a most attractive colonial binding); extremities slightly rubbed; leather slightly dusty; the map has tiny holes nibbled by silverfish along the fold of two (blank) panels, and short splits to four fold junctions (insignificant blemishes); a fine copy. 'On 16 July, 1863, the Crown annexed to South Australia "until We think fit to make other disposition thereof the Territory now known as the Northern Territory"'. Responsibility was transferred to the Commonwealth on 1 January 1911. The book reprints the Letters Patent and the relevant Acts and Regulations (20 pages), together with lengthy extracts from Earl's 'Handbook for Colonists in Tropical Australia', printed earlier the same year at the 'Pinang [sic] Gazette' Press in the Straits Settlement (22 pages). The last section, 'Interior of the Country' (12 pages) is largely extracted from the journal of Stuart and the report of Waterhouse, naturalist to his expedition. Ferguson 13458 (the wrappers here are not stiffened, and the title page is also printed within a border). This copy contains the armorial bookplate of The Honorable Henry Ayers CMG, at the time South Australian Chief Secretary, under whose command the 'Northern Territory Land Regulations' and 'Appointment of Officers' printed in the book were proclaimed. Ayers has underlined in ink six lines in the Northern Territory Act relating to land orders.

      [Bookseller: Michael Treloar Antiquarian Booksellers]
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        Manuscript Recipe Book. 1863.

      Late 18th-/early 19th-century Dutch manuscript . A late 18th-/early 19th-century manuscript recipe book in Dutch, dated 1863. 8vo. Ca 150 text-pages & ca 186 blank leaves. Half-roan, marbled boards. Ca 330 recipes, alphabetically arranged with tabs, neatly written (at least 2 hands). The oldest ones late-18th or early-19th century. On title-page "Henriette. 1863", i.e. the Dowager Baroness Brantsen van de Zijp, Manor De Zijp, near Arnhem (inserted envelope directed to her in the 1870s). The recipes: from "Abricosen Geconfeit" and "Abricosen gedroogt" to "Worst" and "Wild zwijnshoofd". Among them from older times, unusual or rather curious as e.g. "Aatzia", "Poolse Jugt" and "Mattrimonze". Old Dutch Paper (late18th cent.) has Propatria watermark and countermark "D & C Blauw". Foot of spine damaged, a few quires bit loose, but otherwise a very good and desirable manuscript recipe book. For a full description and more images please visit our website: www.zaalbooks.nl .

      [Bookseller: Zaal Books]
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        YEDO AND PEKING: A Narrative of a Journey to the Capitals ofJapan and China, Wit

      - London 1863, Murray. Original pictorial cloth, 335p.,folding frontis, 21 b.w. wood engravings:6 full page; 19 text illus, 2 folding maps/plans, bit of usual head, tail/spine & corner rubbing, spine creased, else solid, index. FIRST EDITION Discusses Nagasaki, Deshima, Vries's Island, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Yedo, "Shanghae," Peking, a journey to the mountains, &c. The celebrated British author and China resident took advantage of the newly opened Japan to go there to explore her wonders. He describes, the manners and customs, natural productions, food, art products, agriculture all in his comfortable tone, the majestic processions, trees and shrubs, tombs, begging priests, drunken men, intemperance of the people in general and so much more. Arrival at Nagasaki, tea-houses, Nagasaki trade, on to Yokohama & Yedo, bronzes, ivory carvings, books, maps, toys, curiosities. * Kanagawa, travels in the country-side, charm of Japanese ladies, hospitality of Sir Alcock, the "Yakoneens" [Yakunin or government officials], castles, suicide: Hara-kiri, size of Yedo. * A search for Japanese plants, Bonsai, eating of monkeys, tea plants, execution place. Travel to Kamakura, murder of an Englishman in Yokohama, Mt. Fuji, the Inland Sea, climate, silk & tea. * CHINA: On to Shanghai. the Pei-ho River, arrival at Tientsin, details of life, on to Peking, mode of travel, foreign embassies, medical missions, Tartar & Chinese cities. Street life in Peking, Imperial Palaces, food, gardens & plants, royal ladies, journey to the mountains, long trains of camels & donkeys, pagodas &c. * A fascinating and most early primary resource in a country devoid of the Westerners and their influence. While in China he visited Chefoo & Tien-tsin after the war, on to Peking & other parts little known to Europeans. . A keen set of essays on China: people, customs, traditions, street life, fat beggars, poorhouse, climate, vegetation, new settlement for foreign merchants, wretched roads, ramparts of Peking, foreign embassies the medical missions. * An excellent description of an earlier Peking, the Chinese city, shops, merchandise, jade, bronzes, porcelains, nursery gardens and plants, visit from Mandarins. Sail to Shanghai &c. . A wonderful primary resource & historical guide to the great cities. * Robert Fortune [1813-1880] was sent to China in 1842 to collect botanical specimens for the Royal Horticultural Society's garden at Chiswick. He introduced the kumquat, double yellow rose, chrysanthemums to England. On his second visit in 1847 he collected tea plants for the U.S. Government and for the East India Company then introduced them to the North-West provinces of India. * The author was also an early visitor to Loo Choo [Okinawa] archipelago. Fortune, spent some four years abroad collecting plants, survived a pirate attack and shipwrecked, this was his last of several books. * REFERENCES: H. Cordier: BILIOTHECA JAPONICA p.566 * H. Cordier: SINICA: 21116 * Staflen 1832 * G. Morrison p.280. *

      [Bookseller: RARE ORIENTAL BOOK CO., ABAA, ILAB]
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        Rovings in the Pacific, from 1837 to 1849; with a glance at California. By a merchant long resident at Tahiti.

      London Longman 1863 - First edition. 2 volumes in 1, 8vo., xii, 351; xi, 371 pp., 4 lithographs printed in colours. Original blue pebble-grained cloth gilt, neat repairs to extremities, a very good example. "A spirited tale of adventure in almost every island of the Pacific, and an excellent account of the troubles in Taiti and its annexation by the French. Lucatt visited the Bay of Islands, Auckland, New Zealand, the Hawaiiian Islands, Pitcairn Island, the Philippines, and San FRancisco . contains a very unflattering account of San FRancisco and Sacramento during the height of the gold rush." (Hill). Bagnall 3198; Forbes 1825; Hill 1041; Sabin 73525; Streeter 2672. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Shapero Rare Books]
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        Der Kehlkopfspiegel und seine Verwerthung für Physiologie und Medizin. Eine Monographie.

      Zweite, teilweise umgearbeitete und vermwehrte Auflage. - Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, 1863, 8, X, (1 Bl.), 132 pp., 26 Holzschnitte, 3 (1 doppelblattgr.) lith. Fafel, Halbleinenband der Zeit. Second Edition of the first monograph of laryngology!Die physikalische Diagnostik hatte indirekt über das normale und krankhafte Geschehen im Brustraum Auskunft gegeben sie wurde in der zweiten Hälfte des 18. und zu Beginn des 19. Jahrhunderts in Österreich von Leopold VON AUENBRUGGER (1722-1809) und in Frankreich von Rene Theophile Hyacinthe LAENNEC (1781-1826) entwickelt. Dann wurden immer häufiger und tauglicher Versuche unternommen, die einen direkten Einblick in den Organismus gestatten sollten. Verschiedene, z. T. recht monströse Apparate zeigen, wie man zu Beginn und in der Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts bestrebt war, Licht in die Körperhöhlen zu spiegeln. Da machten Ludwig TÜRCK (1810-1868) und Johann Nepomuk CZERMAK (1828-1873) die Laryngoskopie im Jahr 1858 der Klinik dienstbar. Diese neue Methode der Spiegelbetrachtung mit von außen reflektiertem Licht setzte sich in kurzer Zeit durch und eroberte von Wien aus die Welt, sodaß Leopold SCHRÖTTER VON KRISTELLI (1837-1908) in seiner "Festrede, gelegentlich der TÜRCK-CZERMAK Gedenkfeier und des fünfzigjährigen Bestehens des Kehlkopfspiegels", die er als Ehrenpräsident des ersten internationalen Laryngo-Rhinologen Kongresses in Wien im Jahr 1908 hielt, nicht übertrieb, wenn er sagte: "Wenn ich das Verlassen des philosophisch-spekulativen Standpunktes und die Einkehr zur naturwissenschaftlichen Methode als das wichtigste Ereignis des vorigen Jahrhunderts im Werdegange der Medizin ansehe, so möchte ich unter den bedeutendsten Errungenschaften, die aus diesem Boden hervorgegangen sind - der Erfindung des Augenspiegels, dem Verfahren, Medikamente auf subkutanem Wege dem Organismus einzuverleiben, der Anti- und Asepsis, der Entwicklung der Bakteriologie, der Einführung der Serum- und Organotherapie, letztere beruhend auf der Erkenntnis der inneren Sekretion, und endlich der Radiologie -als eine ebenbürtige Schöpfung den Kehlkopfspiegel bezeichnen. Es soll nun meine Aufgabe sein, den Platz festzustellen, welchen die aus der Erfindung des Kehlkopfspiegels hervorgegangene, bald zu einem abgerundeten Wissenszweige herangewachsene Larynologie im Verlauf der ersten 50 Jahre ihres Bestehens unter den übrigen Disziplinen der Medizin gewonnen hat." Folgen wir also der Darstellung SCHRÖTTERS: Seit dem Sommer 1857 hatte Ludwig TÜRCK, ohne Kenntnis der Erfindung des spanischen Gesangslehrers Manuel GARCIA, der damals in London 1854 mit einem Spiegelchen zu stimmphysiologischen Zwecken seinen eigenen Kehlkopf besichtigt und die Ergebnisse seiner Untersuchungen im Jahr 1855 publiziert hat, zuerst an Leichen und dann an Patienten seiner Abteilung, der Nerven- und 6. Medizinischen Abteilung des Allgemeinen Krankenhauses, mittels des Sonnenlichtes mit dem von ihm konstruierten Kehlkopfspiegel laryngoskopiert, eifrig Befunde gesammelt, bis eben das mangelnde Sonnenlicht in Winter seine Arbeit unterbrach. Im darauffolgenden Frühjahr aber veröffentlichte ein anderer, nämlich der aus Prag gebürtige Physiologe Johann Nepomuk CZERMAK (1828-1873) in der "Wiener Medizinischen Wochenschrift" seine, am eigenen Kehlkopf während des vergangenen Winters bei künstlicher Beleuchtung mit dem von TÜRCK entlehnten Spiegelchen gemachten Beobachtungen. - "Herr Türck kam eben immer zu spät", stellte CZERMAK lakonisch fest, irrte dieses Mal aber. War TÜRCK im Falle der Entdeckung des Prinzips der sekundären Degeneration der Engländer A. V. WALLER um genau eine Woche zuvorgekommen und war ihm Ahnliches mit seinen Versuchen zur Feststellung der Folgen von Halbseitenläsion des Rückenmarks widerfahren (dabei war ihm BROWN-SEQUARD zuvorgekommen), so "versuchte sich diesmal der Zauderer in jener denkwürdigen Sitzung der Gesellschaft der Ärzte am 9. April 1858 seinen Prioritätsanspruch zu sichern. Am 14. April erkannte ihn auch CZERMAK ausdrücklich an in späteren Publikationen aber zog er diese Anerkennung zurück. Der Prioritätsstreit zwischen TÜRCK und CZERMAK, der ,TÜRCKENKRIEG', hatte begonnen. Sicherlich war er für den eigentlichen Erfinder sehr schmerzvoll, für den neuen Wissenschaftszweig aber höchst nützlich. Schlagartig eroberte sich die Laryngologie die medizinische Welt. Der schwerfällig produzierende, äußerungsgehemmte TÜRCK hatte in dem weit- und redegewandten CZERMAK einen außerordentlich expeditiven, versuchserfahrenen Rivalen gefunden, der im ersten Ansatz viele technische, methodische und therapeutische Möglichkeiten des neuen Verfahrens, künstliche Beleuchtung, Rhinoskopie und laryngoskopische Kontrolle lokaltherapeutischer Eingriffe, teils selbst entwickelte, teils anbahnte. Im Agon der beiden Männer blühte das neue Fach der Laryngologie in erstaunlich kurzer Zeit mächtig empor", schreibt Erna LESKY. Zug um Zug erfolgten Publikation und Gegenpublikation: Auf CZERMAKS Mitteilungen vom 27. März und 17. April folgte eine Entgegnung TÜRCKS als "Schluss einer grösseren Abhandlung über den Kehlkopfrachenspiegel und seine Anwendung bei Krankheiten des Kehlkopfes und seiner Umgebung, aus Nr. 25 und 26 vom 21. und 28. Juni 1859 der allgemeinen Wiener medizinischen Zeitung' besonders abgedruckt." Dort heißt es abschließend in Sperrdruck: "Wenn also LISTON schon im Jahre 1840 vorschlug, sich beim Glottisödem zur Untersuchung eines ähnlichen kleinen Spiegels zu bedienen, wie ihn die Zahnärzte in Gebrauch haben, und GARCIA mittelst eines ähnlichen Spiegels Untersuchungen über die Stimmbildung anstellte, so ist die neuerliche Anregung zur praktischen Verwerthung des Kehlkopfspiegels und die Umwandlung des bisher nur ganz ausnahmsweise vertragenen Instrumentes in ein brauchbares, durch eine beträchtliche Anzahl bekannt gemachter pathologischer Fälle bereits bewährtes diagnostisches Hilfsmittel mein, und nicht Herrn CZERMAK'S Werk, indem letzterer nur die von mir bereits seit länger ins Werk gesetzte Idee in ganz unberechtigter Weise ohne meine Zustimmung veröffentlichte, und nachträglich meine Priorität in der klarsten Weise selbst anerkannte, während er keine praktisch brauchbare Methode des laryngoskopischen Verfahrens anzugeben im Stande war." Auf CZERMAKS Veröffentlichung von sieben pathologisch-laryngologischen Fällen - wir dürfen bei dieser Darstellung wieder Erna LESKY folgen - folgte am 20. Februar 1859 jene TÜRCKS vom 14. März, gleichfalls sieben Fälle umfassend. Anfang 1860 erschien CZERMAKS Broschüre "Der Kehlkopfspiegel und seine Verwerthung für Physiologie und Medicin" in Leipzig, Ende 1860 TÜRCKS "Praktische Anleitung zur Laryngoskopie" in Wien. "Beide wurden ins Französische übersetzt, die TÜRCKS natürlich später (1861) als die CZERMAKS (Juni 1860). Diese war bereits 1861 auch in englischer Sprache erschienen, als 1862 Türck mit seinen ,Clinical Researches on different diseases of the larynx, trachea and pharynx' bei William and Norgate in London herauskam. ,Herr TÜRCK kam eben immer zu spät." Von 1858 an ging CZERMAK auf Reisen nach Deutschland, Frankreich und England und verbreitete überall die Kenntnis der neuen Wissenschaft. Es verwundert daher nicht, daß deshalb eine Zeitlang namentlich im Ausland CZERMAK als der eigentliche Begründer der Laryngologie galt, der auch eine große Zahl von Schülern heranbildete und auch überall "begeisterte Jünger (hinterließ), RUETE, TRAUBE, VOLTOLINI, BATAILLE, Ch. FAUVEL, Morell MACKENZIE, DURHAM sind nur einige von jenen, die durch CZERMAK zu Pionieren der Laryngo-Rhinologie geworden sind. Ja, auch der Rhinologie! Denn mit seiner Arbeit ,Über die Inspektion des Cavum pharyngonasale und der Nasenhöhle durch die Choanen vermittelst kleiner Spiegel' hat CZERMAK auch die Rhinologie als neues Spezialgebiet begründet. Einfallsreich und wendig, wie er in der Kombination von Technizismen war, tat er noch ein übriges: Er stellte auch die Photographie und Stereoskopie in den Dienst des jungen Faches. Die drei laryngoskopischen Bilder, die er am 7. November 1861 der Akademie der Wissenschaften vorlegte - sie ruhen heute noch in ihrem Archiv -, sind die ersten stereophotographischen Aufnahmen dieses Organs überhaupt. Der "TÜRCKENKRIEG", der "die laryngologische Welt lange in Atem hielt", wurde, wie Hermann MARSCHIK feststellt, "endlich in der Weise beigelegt, daß beiden Forschern ihre Verdienste ungeschmälert zuerkannt wurden, wie sie tatsächlich bestanden. . . . Für uns ist TÜRCK der eigentliche Begründer der wissenschaftlichen Laryngologie als Spezialfach, CZERMAK der Begründer der künstlichen Beleuchtung und der erste Pionier der jungen Wissenschaft, dessen weltgewandtem Wissen und dessen Mitteilungskunst es zu danken ist, daß das Lebenswerk des bescheidenen, in den letzten Jahren sich immer mehr in seine stille Arbeitsklause verschließenden Forschers in kurzer Zeit in der ganzen Welt bekannt wurde und damit ein junger, heute unentbehrlicher Wissenschaftszweig vielleicht vor dem neuerlichen Versinken in die Vergessenheit bewahrt, sicher aber seine Ausbreitung und Einbürgerung in die Gesamtmedizin des Erdkreises um 20 bis 30 Jahre beschleunigt worden ist." Manfred Skopec & Eduard H. Majer, Geschichte der Oto-Rhono-Laryngologie in Österreich, pp.53-58 Lesky, E.: Die Wiener medizin. Schule im 19.Jhdt. pp.191-195 Marschik, H.: Geschichte der Wiener laryngorhinologischen Gesellschaft., Wien.klin.Wschr. 39 (1929), pp.334-336, 361-363Johann Nepomuk Czermak (1828-1873) was the first to demonstrate the utility of the laryngoscope invented by Gracia. He substituted artificial light for sunlight and made other improvements. Waller 2259M Haeser II, 928 Hirsch/H. II, p.164.

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        Observationes nonnulae de ovorum ranarum segmentatione, que "Furchungsprocess" dicitur.

      Bonnae, Formis C. Georgi, 1863, 4, 16 pp, (2), mit 2 von M.Schultze gezeichneten farblith. Tafeln mit 16 Abbildungen, orig. broschiertes Exemplar mit eigenhändiger Widmung "Herrn Prof. Harting zu Utrecht hochachtungsvoll der Verf." Important dedication copy inscribed by the author on the front wrapper! First edition of the "best contemporary description of the segmentation furrowing the egg" by Maximillian Johann Sigismund Schultze (1825-1874). Garrison & Morton No. 488

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