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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1857

        SWENSK FORFATTNINGS - SAMLING. 1856. No. 78. Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation between His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway and His Majesty the King of the Hawaiian Islands done and concluded at Honolulu the the 1 July 1852, ratified at Stockholm the 22 July 1853 and at Honolulu the 5 April 1855. [Drop title]

      Stockholm:: Norstedt & Soner,. 1857.. 4to. 7-3/4" x 6-3/4". 2nd (1st?) printing. NB. Forbes #2193 notes a date of 1856 [from p. 1?], listing the copy at Hawaii State Archives. Both copies recorded by OCLC note an 1857 imprint date, as here. 27, [1] pp. Text in two columns, Swedish & English.. Lacks wrappers, with last leaf detached.. Age-toning. The odd stain. A VG copy..

      [Bookseller: Tavistock Books, ABAA]
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        DELLA CITTA' DI NAPOLI DAL TEMPO DELLA SUA FONDAZIONE SINO AL PRESENTE. MEMORIE STORICHE.

      In 8vo; pp.806, 68, 4n.nn. Tavola spieghevole a colori raffigurante la pianta della Città di Napoli. Mezza pelle coeva, titolo e fregi in oro al dorso.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Casella]
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        THE VIRGINIANS

      London: Bradbury & Evans,, 1857 Thackeray, William Makepeace. THE VIRGINIANS. London: Bradbury & Evans, 1857. Original Wrappers. First Edition. 8vo. Publisher's original yellow wrappers, in an elegant gilt decorated & lettered morocco case with folding chemise. Complete set of 24 pamphlets issued monthly, [November, 1857, to October, 1859] in their original First Published state; each in yellow wrappers with engraved pictorials. An excellent set with the forty-eight etched plates & woodcut vignettes in the text, all after drawings by the author in extremely good condition. All ads present including the "Cork" advertisement. Contents are very clean & unmarked. A bit of use showing on the first number. Very nice indeed. Among the later novels is "The History of Henry Esmond", in which Thackeray tried to write a novel in the style of the eighteenth century. In fact, the eighteenth century held a great appeal for Thackeray. Not only Esmond but also "Barry Lyndon" and "Catherine" are set then, as is the sequel to Esmond, "The Virginians", which is a continuation of "Henry Esmond", exploring the fortunes of Esmond's family, particularly his twin grandsons, George and Henry Warrington, who spent time in America & includes George Washington as a character who nearly kills one of the protagonists in a duel.. 1st Edition.

      [Bookseller: TBCL The Book Collector's Library]
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        Katey's Letter. Irish Song. Sung By Miss Dolby

      Leader & Cock, London. Inscribed by person(s) connected with book. Binding: Hardcover. Book Condition: Good Condition. Dust Jacket Condition: No Dust Jacket. THIS IS ONE OF THE SCORES FROM OUR BOOK NUMBER #6647000 - In G. Undated but dated & Signed by Dolby] 1857? Size: 13 inches tall by 9.5 inches. 5 pages. Quantity Available: 1. Shipped Weight: 750gms-1kgm. Category: Music; Inscribed by person(s) connected with book. Inventory No: 6647002.

      [Bookseller: John T. & Pearl Lewis]
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        Contributions to the Natural History of the United States of America. 4 Volumes

      Little Brown and Co. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1857. Hard Cover. 4 Folio Volumes. Ex library, with library plates at front and stamps on title pages. Original cloth binding, but volume III has been respined. Foot of spine of vol. I missing chip; all volumes have wear at ends of spine and around edges, with some repairs to worn areas. Many beautiful intricately engraved plates, some colored and almost all bearing a library stamp in the margins, at the rear of volumes 2-4. This set may require an extra shipping fee. Nature. NAT/5093. Good.

      [Bookseller: The Kelmscott Bookshop ]
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        Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa;

      Albermarle Street, London: John Murray, 1857 Including a sketch of sixteen years residence in the interior of Africa, and a journey from the Cape of Good Hope to Loanda on the West Coast; Thence across the continent, down the River Zambesi, to the Eastern Ocean.In brown cloth with lots of decorative blind tooling, edges and corners lightly bumped and worn, couple of small marks. Spine, has been professionally repaired at edges, titles in gilt, blind tooling. Internally, brown endpapers, faint marks of bookplate removal to fpd, hinges strengthened, pull out B&W frontis of the Victoria Falls present with 2 tiny tears at crease, title page with vignette, (ix), [1], 687 pp, [1], 24 pl, 2 maps, portrait, a total of 47 illustrations, printed by W Clowes and Sons, Stamford Street and Charing Cross, London, has the tissue guarded portrait often lacking, 1 map tipped in and the other folded withing the pocket at ep, small binders label to ep, maps by Arrowsmith. A lovely copy, rarely found in its original cloth covers! (see Osler 457. Allibone 1110) Livingstone, explorer and missionary. His Missionary Travels, the first impression, of 12,000, was sold out before publication in November, and 30,000 were sold in Britain by 1863. Livingstone had meant the book to make money; it earned him over £8500. See ODNB for a full Bio.

      [Bookseller: Madoc Books]
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        Oregon: Comprising a Brief History and Full Description of the Territories of Oregon and Washington

      Chicago, IL: Chas. Scott & Co.. Very Good. 1857. First Edition. Original cloth. A handsome First Edition in Very Good condition with bumped corners, chipped spine head, rubbed extremities, light scattered soiling, andex-library markings. Original decorative brown cloth, title in gilt; Chicago Pre-Fire Imprints 229. Byrd 2566. Howes A318. Graff 87: "The author was a government surveyor for three years in Oregon." Contains material on the Willamette Valley, coast mountains, Puget Sound, Vancouver Island, eastern and middle Oregon, Indian tribes, and the Indian war. Wagner-Camp Becker 283A: "...Armstrong concludes the work with brief vocabularies of Chinook Jargon and the Nootka dialect." ; Ex-Library .

      [Bookseller: Books Tell You Why]
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        HISTOIRE DES NATIONS CIVILISEES DU MEXIQUE ET DE L'AMERIQUE-CENTRALE. Durant les siècles antérieurs à Cristophe Colomb.

      In-8 gr. (mm. 245x158), 4 voll., t. tela, conserv. copp. orig., pp. XCII,440; 616; 692; VI,852; con 1 carta geografica f.t. piu' volte ripieg. L'opera "écrite sur des documents originaux et entièrement inédits, puisés aux anciennes archives des indigènes" è cosi' suddivisa: "Temps héroiques et histoire de l'Empire des Toltèques - Histoire de l'Yucatan et du Guatémala; avec celle de l'Anahuac, durant le Moyen Age aztèque, jusqu'à la fondation de la royauté à Mexico - Histoire des Etats du Michoacan et d'Oaxaca et de l'Empire de l'Anahuac jusqu'à l'arrivée des Espagnols. Astronomie, religion, sciences et arts des Aztèques, etc. - Conquete des Etats du Mexique et du Guatémala, etc. Etablissement du Gouvernement espagnol et de l'Eglise catholique. Ruine de l'idolatrie, déclin et abaissement de la race indigène". "Prima edizione" di questa importante opera. L'A., viaggiatore e scrittore francese (1814-74), fu uno dei pionieri dell'archeologia e della storia precolombiana e a lui si deve la scoperta di importantissimi testi e codici del Messico antico. Cfr. Lorenz,I,362 - Brunet,VI,28597. Con fiorit. ma certam. buon esemplare con barbe.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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        The Elements of Drawing; in Three Letters to Beginners. With Illustrations, drawn by the Author. RUSKIN'S OWN COPY WITH HIS BRANTWOOD BOOKPLATE

      Smith, Elder, 1857. 8vo., First Edition, with 48 illustrations (3 full-page) in the text; original decorative cloth, elaborately blocked in blind, gilt back, uncut, covers mildly age-soiled, back a little faded (but all gilt entirely legible), backstrip lightly frayed at head and tail, else a very good, clean, tight copy now housed in a very handsome custom-made green full Chieftan morocco solander case with gilt back and marbled boards. RUSKIN'S OWN COPY WITH HIS BRANTWOOD BOOKPLATE ON FRONT PASTE-DOWN.Complete with 16pp publisher's catalogue (dated June 1857) bound in at end and the nineteenth century binder's ticket of Westley of London on rear paste-down.First edition of Ruskin's drawing lessons for children. Intended for those without recourse to a drawing-master, it provides a series of eminently practical exercises supported by illustrations.Ruskin was always greatly interested in the teaching of art. Perhaps his most famous pupil was Alice Liddell (Carroll's 'Alice') to whom he taught drawing and painting, as a result of which he appears in 'Alice in Wonderland' as the 'Drawing Master', an 'old Conger Eel' who attended 'once a week' and 'taught us Drawling, Stretching and Fainting in Coils'.Ruskin's lifelong love of the English Lakes began when he sat by Coniston at the age of eighteen, but it was not until his early fifties that he finally purchased Brantwood, one of the most splendid houses in the Lake District. Although he had not seen the interior he reasoned that any house opposite Coniston 'must be beautiful' and in 1871 secured the freehold from William Linton for the sum of £1,500. He moved in a year later, and the house became not merely a blissfully happy home but a renowned centre of artistic and literary endeavour for Ruskin and his circle. Brantwood remains today a place of pilgrimage for admirers and scholars of one of the greatest Victorian polymaths.

      [Bookseller: Island Books]
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        Autograph Letter Signed, November 6th 1857

      Philadelphia: Rembrandt Peale, 1857 Peale, Rembrandt. Uncommon Autograph Letter Signed, November 6th 1857. 8vo., 1 page. To H. P. Beck Esq. Dear Sir. / Learning that you are now at home, Mrs. Peale in returning the pictures you were so kind to lend her, / expresses her sincere thanks for the favor. And I must add that I am sure you will be pleased with the success of her copy. / Respectfully yours / Rembrandt Peale". "Rembrandt Peale (1778 – 1860) was an American artist and museum keeper, the second son of Charles Wilson Peale,. A prolific portrait painter, he was especially acclaimed for his likenesses of presidents George Washington and Thomas Jefferson. Peale's style was influenced by French Neoclassicism after a stay in Paris in his early thirties." - wikipedia. Signed by Author. 1st Edition.

      [Bookseller: TBCL The Book Collector's Library]
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        The Rose Garden. Nuneham, The Seat of G.G. Harcourt Esqre. M.P

      London: Published by T. McLean, 1857. Colour-printed lithograph, heightened with touches of gum arabic. Very good condition apart from some light foxing. Top of sheet trimmed practically to image. 14 x 17 3/8 inches. 14 1/4 x 21 inches. A stunning view of the rose garden at Nuneham Park, from the "The Gardens of England." Published in 1857, The Gardens of England was a series of 24 plates with accompanying text depicting the diverse luxuriant gardens of various distinguished English mansions. The mid-nineteenth century was a period during which the traditional aesthetics of garden design underwent a significant change in England, as innovative ideas and concepts were being continually introduced and explored. Brooke's publication embodies the eclectic nature of Victorian garden design and constitutes an important visual survey of the varied styles that were popular among the wealthy and fashionable.Situated near Oxford, Nuneham Park was the chief residence of the First Earl Harcourt, nobleman, Privy Councillor, and courtier of George III. The lavish Palladian Villa was built in 1756, and the expansive landscaped park, with its scenic vistas and classical gardens, was constructed in the 1760s according to the Earl's designs. The eminent English landscape designer Lancelot "Capability" Brown enhanced the grounds in his signature "serpentine" style, and William Mason designed its various flower gardens. Little is known about E. Adveno Brooke, other than that he exhibited at the Royal Academy and British Institution between 1853 and 1864 and his most significant publication was The Gardens of England. Cf. Abbey, Scenery of Great Britain and Ireland 392; cf. Benezit, Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs, Vol. 2, p. 842.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books ]
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        Autograph Letter Signed, 8vo, n.p., May 15, 1857

      To Mr. Durand. "After you left me this morning it occurred to me that possibly in your next number you would give a few words on the Exhibition here - In this case you might say that it contained nothing from my pencil, & that I preferred to send a portrait, my last work in my 80th Year, to the New York Academy. If amiss - excuse me. / Which I have done - That of a Young Man." Nicely signed, ?Rembrandt Peale.?

      [Bookseller: David Schulson Autographs ]
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        The Instructive Picture Book, or Progressive Lessons from the Natural History of Animals and Plants.

      Edinburgh: Edmonston and Douglas 1857.. First edition, small folio, 18 pp, followed by 30 fine double page hand coloured plates, contemporary inscription on fly leaf, internally a fine copy. Original boards, edges and spine chipped and a little worn, some marking, upper cover with title and a surrounding display of cherubs. The last 20 plates show an array of animals and insects, from brightly coloured butterflies and birds to snakes and mammals. The first 10 show costumes, household objects, musical instruments and buildings. An excellent bright copy of one of the best Victorian picture books for young children. Osborne I p216. Gumuchian I p419.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
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        RACCOLTA E PARALLELO DELLE FABBRICHE CLASSICHE DI TUTTI I TEMPI, D'OGNI POPOLO E DI CIASCUNO STILE. Con l'aggiunta della storia generale dell?architettura di J.G. Legrand. Per cura e studio di Francesco Zanotto.

      In-folio gr., 3 voll. (di cui 2 di tavv.), mz. pelle coeva, dorso a cordoni con tit. oro, pp. 198,(2) + (8),75 di "Appendice". Titolo e testo in italiano e francese, con la descriz. delle tavole. L'opera è "arricchita ora di un Supplemento di parecchie fabbriche inedite e di tutte quelle pubblicate novellamente dal Canina, dal Rusconi, dal Diedo, dall'Hoffstadt, dall'Heideloff, dall'Hope.. e da altri molti architetti, non che dalli progetti architettonici premiati dalle Accademie". Questa importante opera iconografica contiene 266 tavv. inc. in rame (36 sono a doppia pag.), tutte con numerosiss. figg. - il Supplemento o "Appendice" ne raccoglie 71. Vi sono rappresentati: templi, moschee, pagode, chiese, basiliche, piazze, palazzi privati ed edifici pubblici, tombe, archi di trionfo, monumenti, terme, castelli, case di campagna, dettagli architettonici, ecc., di tutte le epoche. Il francese Jean Nicolas-Louis Durand (1760-1834), professore al Politecnico di Parigi dalla fondazione, ebbe parte importante nello sviluppo dell'architettura dell'800. Cfr. Brunet,II,904 - Graesse,II,450. Vol. di testo fiorito, 5 cc. brunite e altre arross. per la qualità della carta. Delle compless. 337 tavv., solo 15 sono brunite, 1 con strappi, 1 con ang. inf. manc., altrimenti con fioriture più o meno lievi.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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        Original Ink Wash Drawing of Mr. Nick Goodwin

      n.d.. Original Illustrations. An original ink wash drawing by Beerbohm of Mr. Nick Goodwin.Inscribed with name of subject and signed by Max. Not dated, but from the early 1900s. Nathaniel Goodwin (1857-1919) was a leading American actor and vaudevillian, also known for his colorful personal life. (He was married five times and was engaged again at the time of his sudden death from apoplexy.) He was the subject of BeerbohmÕs radio broadcast, ÒNat Goodwin - and Another,Ó published in the Radio Times, accompanied by a reproduction of this caricature. The drawing shows an unsmiling profile of Goodwin in white tie, smoking a cigar. Done in black and white wash on dark cream colored paper. In near fine condition, in a gold frame with white matte. This came from the collection of Douglas Cleverdon, who produced MaxÕs broadcasts. Drawing measures 7 x 10.5 inches. In the frame it is 13 x 17.5 inches. Near Fine. ORIG/092111. Near Fine.

      [Bookseller: The Kelmscott Bookshop ]
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        The Canadian Settler's Guide: Seventh Edition - Considerably enlarged

      Toronto, C. W.: Printed at the Office of the "Toronto Times", 1857. 7th Edition. Hard Cover. Very Good. 12mo., xi, [1], [13]-218pp., 1, [14], 40,14pp., 1(blank), [44]pp. 2 plates, 5 illustrations (including 1 diagram). The brownish red cloth cover looks like it was replaced 50 odd years ago, and is in VG condition. The first few pages inc. title page are messy and suffering from browning. complete with 2 plates (1 incl. in the pagination), 4 illustrations (incl. 1 diagram), There is occasional browning throughout. Pen inscription title page, a few light pencil study marks in text (minimal) A little wear on edges, one page has very small tear plus p219 has 1/2" triangle not effecting the illustration (on the next page) . Most of the text is really clean and the whole book is readable and presentable with tight binding. The overall condition even with issues noted is very good., Cf TPL 3489 which records two 1857 copies, both with different collation. Their second issue is without six of the unpaged plates and port. and with a new appendix [48] at the end. We have three copies and all three are different from TPL's two. After page 218pp the variations seem occur., Classic work aimed at the woman emigrating from Britain to Canada, based upon the experiences of Traill, who by this point had spent over 25 years in 'the backwoods of Canada'. The work provides practical advice on most aspects of emigration, from choosing a ship from Britain, and what luggage to bring, to the finer points of furnishing a log cabin (including how to make an easy-chair from a flour barrel) and the perils of alcohol. The practical advice for the pioneer includes tips on gardening (for food), how to prevent your home burning down, or how to handle a fire if it does arise including those who don't have water to spare ("Women, yes, weak women and children have battled against a wall of advancing fire, and with hoes and other instruments have kept it back till help could be obtained"). It also recommends that every women become an expert at knitting, not only for its use in providing clothing, but in increasing the attractiveness of the unmarried woman ("Every young woman is prized in this country according to her usefulness; and a thriving young settler will rather marry a clever, industrious girl, who has the reputation for being a good spinner and knitter, than one who has nothing but a pretty face to recommend her"). There are also several recipes to be made from many readily available food sources, including fruit, vegetables and meats. A fascinating look at the era of expansion in North America, what was expected of the new settlers, and life in the unsettled regions of Canada.

      [Bookseller: Lord Durham Rare Books Inc. (IOBA)]
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        Report on the United States and Mexican Boundary Survey

      Washington: Cornelius Wendell, printer, 1857-1859. 2 volumes bound in 3, large thick quarto. (10 7/8 x 8 5/8 inches). Vol. 1, part 1: Large folding map, single page map, 12 hand-finished colour lithographs, 42 engraved plates, folding profile, folding chart, numerous illustrations. Vol. 1, part 2: large hand-coloured folding geological map, 21 conchological plates, illustrations. Vol. 2, part 1: 61 botanical plates, 76 cactus plates. Vol. 2, part 2: 27 zoological plates, 25 hand-coloured ornithological plates, 41 reptilian plates, 41 ichthyological plates. Senate issue. (Scattered foxing and browning as usual). Contemporary sheep, tooled border, spines with semi-raised bands in five compartments, red and black morocco labels in the second and fourth compartments. Emory's famed Mexican Boundary survey: a southwestern Americana cornerstone. Here complete with the rare folding hand-coloured geological chart, apparently not issued with all copies. Emory was first assigned to the Boundary Commission after the Mexican War. No sooner was the survey finished than the Gadsden Purchase necessitated a new survey, which is summarized in this work. Incorporated into these volumes, along with Emory's report, are numerous scientific reports by James Hall, T.A. Conrad, and others, as well as superb maps by Jekyll and Hall, and important views and plates after Schott, Weyss, and Vaudricourt. The commission undertook one of the first systematic studies of the topography and natural features of the area, and the boundary as surveyed has remained intact, with only minor alterations, for the last 145 years. Of special note are the twenty-five fine colored plates of birds, lithographed by Bowen & Company, included in Spencer Baird's report, "Birds of the Boundary"; as well as handsome color plates of Indians and scenery. The large and important folding geological map, present here, was apparently not issued with all copies. One of the foundation works on the exploration and mapping of the Texas-Mexico border. Deák Picturing America 649, 650; Howes E146; Raines, p.76; Reese Stamped with a National Character 31; Wagner-Camp 291; Wheat Transmississippi 916.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        Arctic Explorations in the Years 1853, '54, '55

      Childs and Peterson and Trubner & Co. Philadelphia and London: Childs and Peterson and Trubner & Co.. 1856 / 1857. First. First British edition? Two volumes. Publisher's blue cloth gilt. Neat contemporary gift inscription in each volume, spine lettering and extremities a little rubbed, else a bright, very near fine set. A curious issue, with engraved decorative title page with Philadelphia imprint dated 1856; a regular title page with Philadelphia imprint dated 1857; and the London imprint on the spine. A lovely set, and scarce in this condition. .

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers- Rare Books, Inc. ABA]
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        The Book of the First American Chess Congress: containing the procedings of that celebrated assemblage, held in New York, in the Year 1857, with the papers read in its sessions, the games played in the grand tournament, and the stratagems entered in the p

      xii+[13]-563+[15 ad] pages with frontispiece, diagrams and bibliography. Octavo (8" x 5 1/2") in original cloth with gilt lettering to spine and embosed logo to front and back covers and ruled edges. (Betts:1-1; Betts:5-2; Betts:25-3) First edition.Includes 67 games from the first American tournament. The first American Chess Congress (1) was held in New York City from October 6th to November 10th, 1857. Organized by Daniel Willard Fiske, the tournament was designed as a knockout format similar to the one seen at London in 1851, with the provision that draws did not count and had to be replayed. The first prize was $300. The sixteen best American chess masters were invited to participate in the event, including Paul Morphy and Louis Paulsen. Morphy dominated the event, sweeping each of his opponents until Paulsen in the final. Despite dropping one game in the final match, Morphy finished the tournament with an astounding 14 wins, 3 draws, and 1 loss. Not one to accept money for chess, Morphy turned down the cash prize in exchange for a silver tray, pitcher, and four goblets in its place. His victory cemented him as one of the best players in the world (if not the best), and prompted his tour across the Atlantic where he faced the best Europe had to offer in a series of matches, winning each and every one of them. Not long after his return to America, Morphy would retire from chess. Included is "The History of the Automation Chess-Player" by George Allen, "Incidents in the history of American Chess", "Introductory sketch of the History of Chess", "Paul Morphy", "Chess life of Benjamin Franklin", "Lewis Rou: the Rou Manuscript", "Chess in Philadelphia", "Chess in Boston", "Lowenthal's visit to American", "Chess in New York", "Chess in New Orleans". Also contains 53 problems with solutions, a bibliography of chess works published in the Untied States to 1859 and a general account of the tournament proceedings.Condition:Spine heavily soiled and rubbed with the gilt truly dulled, previous owner's name on front end paper, some rippling to cover with corners rubbed through

      [Bookseller: The Book Collector]
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        Sectional map of the Territory of Kansas compiled from the field notes in the Surveyor General's Office

      St. Louis: John Halsall, 1857. Engraved folding pocket map, full contemporary hand-colouring, ornamental border. Folds into publisher's blindstamped cloth covers, upper cover titled in gilt, Colton ad for the front pastedown. With period pencil additions showing roads (or railroads?) principally between Kansas City and Louisville and with new boundaries to the Delaware Indian Reserve in Leavenworth County. 29 x 22 1/2 inches. Rare pocket map of Kansas Territory issued during the Bleeding Kansas conflict. The passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 created those territories with the provision that the region's settlers would decide whether slavery would be lawful. The border state of Kansas thus became a breeding ground for anti- and pro-slavery conflict. Pro- slavery Missourians, known as border ruffians, flooded into the eastern half of the state, specifically along the Missouri River where slave-based agriculture would be feasible. Anti-slavery forces rallied, sending settlers from the North, with most coming from New England. Free state settlements were created in Topeka and Lawrence (both identified on this map), with the border ruffians establishing their capital at Lecompton (prominently displayed on this map and labelled in all capital letters). This map depicts the eastern half of the territory, extending as far west as the Principal Meridian. Thirty-seven counties are names, along with numerous locations of Indian lands and reservations. Numerous towns and forts are shown, along with the principal roads and waterways. "Large detailed map showing the Indian Lands and Reservations, the Forts, Towns, Rivers; with accurate sections as surveyed to that date" (Eberstadt). This map, however, is at its essence a cartographic representation of the slavery conflict and the events leading to the Civil War. Halsall's map, published in St. Louis, is considerably more rare than its Free Soil counterpart, issued by Whitman and Searl and printed in Boston. This is Heaston's third issue of the map, with the Kansas Indian Reservation identified, and the counties of Washington, Clay, Dickinson and Pottowottomie added. Eberstadt 113:273; Phillips, A List of Maps of America, p. 346; Heaston, Kansas Pocket Maps 9.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
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        The Plays and Poems of Shakespeare, According to the Improved Text of Edmund Malone, Including the Latest Revisions with a Life, Glossarial Notes and Index

      London: Henry G. Bohn, 1857. In 15 volumes edited by A.J. Valpy, illustrated with 170 illustrations by various English artist, bound in 3/4 black polished calf over marbled paper covered boards, brown and green contrasting morocco labels gilt raised bands gilt, all edges marbled with matching endpapers, small chip to head of volumes 11 & 15, scattered foxing throughout, contemporary owner's name within various volumes, some spots of rubbing. A very good set.. 12mo.

      [Bookseller: Alcuin Books, ABAA-ILAB]
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        MEMOIRE SUR LA FERMENTATION APPELÉE (APPELEE) LACTIQUE. (Extrait par l'auteur) In Comptes Rendus Acad. des Sciences. Volume 45 (1857) pp. 913-916 THE BEGINNING OF BACTERIOLOGY AS A MODERN SCIECNE

      Paris:: Mallet-Bachelier,, 1857. First Edition. Near Fine. First Edition. Offered is the entire Near Fine volume 45 in early twentieth century marble boards and half-cloth binding with gilt lettering spine. Scattered mild foxing. 4to. 1160 pp.

      [Bookseller: By The Book, LC ABAA-ILAB]
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        The Poetical Works of Sir Walter Scott

      North Bridge, Edinburgh.: Adam and Charles Black, 1857 Including His Great Metrical Romances Copyright Lyrical Pieces Miscellaneous Poems and Ballads. With a memoir of the Author. Illustrated by many engravings on steel and wood. Bound in full morocco by H Bowie of Edinburgh, with blind embossed patterns on both boards, rounded edges, minimal shelf wear. Spine with raised bands, decorative blind tooling, titles in gilt, edges brushed. Internally, marbled endpapers, all text block edges in gilt and goffered, ink name to fep (Reginald Bligh Wall), half title, tissue guarded B&W portrait frontis and the additional engraved title page with the vignette by Turner all present, titles to title page within single ruled border, [7], 8-746 pp, [2], 8 plates (including 1 folding) and 32 illustrations (many of which are full page). A reissue of the edition of 1853, and the Memoir of the author is P [7]-19, to base of spine, in gilt, "Author's Edition Illustrated". A lovely copy, nicely bound! (Allibone 1975. Lowndes 2226) Scott, poet and novelist. See ODNB.

      [Bookseller: Madoc Books]
 23.   Check availability:     IOBABooks     Link/Print  


        THE WAVERLEY NOVELS IN 50 VOLUMES

      Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1857. The Household Edition. Half Leather. 12mo. finely bound in half leather with marbled paper covered boards. All edges are marbled to match. A lovely edition. Very Good+ binding.

      [Bookseller: Black Swan Books, Inc.]
 24.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Life of Charlotte Brontë, Author of 'Jane Eyre,' etc

      London, Smith, Elder and Co., 1857., 1857. 2 vols., 8vo., engraved frontispieces. Bound in publisher's brown cloth with gilt titles to spine, decorative broders stamped in blind to covers, yellow coated endpapers, edges untrimmed, bookseller ticket to rear pastedown. Internally fine, some lean to spine, contents shaken within case, volume 2 recased with replacement endpapers, some general wear to cloth; backstrips worn and frayed to extremities. Shows well nonetheless; a very good pair, now uncommon in the original cloth. Housed in a custom-made slip-case. FIRST EDITIONS.The great biography of the Nineteenth Century. This copy formerly belonging to Eric Quayle [1921-2001], the noted collector and bibliographer of Victorian and Edwardian adventure fiction, with his pencil notes to first blank, and was sold as part of his library [lot 246] at auction through Bonhams in March and April 2004 [sale 14473], which attracted a great deal of interest from collectors and dealers alike. Mr. Quayle may have gone, but the books that he spent his lifetime preserving and describing are still circulating, and will do so for a very long time.

      [Bookseller: Adrian Harrington Rare Books]
 25.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        LITTLE DORRIT

      London: Bradbury & Evans, 1857. DICKENS, Charles. LITTLE DORRIT. With Illustrations by H.K. Browne. London: Bradbury & Evans, 1857. First edition in book form, with all the major Smith first issue points, bound from the original monthly parts, with stab-holes present in the inner margins of gatherings. Original publisher's primary binding of moderate olive green fine-diaper cloth. Covers stamped in blind with a thin double-rule border enclosing a rectangular frame which contains a loop-scroll design in each corner and a string of sixteen beads along its inner edge; a globe-shaped design is stamped in the center of each cover. Original pale yellow endpapers. Forty engraved plates including frontispiece and vignette title. With the exception of the front inner hinge which has had expert and invisible restoration, this EXCEEDINGLY FINE copy is virtually faultless (cloth stunningly fresh and unworn with only a few minor spots, pages and illustrations remarkably unfoxed and in exemplary condition with just a little offsetting to a few of the illustrations, gilt bright and untarnished, all despite being nearly 155 years old), a remarkable and somewhat astonishing survival given its easily abused, always fragile, original publishers' cloth casing. LITTLE DORRIT, Dickens' second outraged literary visitation to the institution of debtors' prison (in which people who owed money were imprisoned, unable to work, until they had satisfied their creditors) is set in the Marshalsea where Dickens' own father had been imprisoned. One part social criticism and satire, one part poignant and heartbreaking love story, one part mystery and murder tale, LITTLE DORRIT contains a great blossoming of Dickens' deepest-felt writing and its fame, although inarguably enduring, lags behind that of his other many masterpieces in terms of recognition due to the initial unfair contemporary critical response it received from the press (despite its wildly enthusiastic reception by the public) as it exposed certain prickly holes in England's claim of a fairer society than yesteryear: industrial safety for workers, the hypocritical exclusionary class codes, and especially the notorious blunders of the British Treasury (portrayed in this novel as the astonishingly inept "Circumlocution Office") which did, for example and in fact, cause hundreds of "deaths by bureaucracy" for the soldiers at the Battle of Balaclava. LITTLE DORRIT has been adapted for the screen five times, the last two versions being the 1988 film starring Alec Guinness and Derek Jacobi and the 2008-2009 BBC/PBS award-winning adaptation by Andrew Davies. This particular copy is not only the FINEST KNOWN first edition of LITTLE DORRIT in original publisher's cloth, it is also without any doubt the possessor of the most distinguished provenance as it is THE BRETT-PARRISH-STARLING-SELF copy with the bookplates of Oliver Brett, 3d Viscount of Esher (1881-1963); Morris L. Parrish (1867-1944); Kenyon Starling (1905 -1983); and William E. Self (1921-2010), each the most distinguished collector of Dickens of their generation. With Oliver Brett's penciled initials and date, Aug 1923, to page 625 at the novel's end. Now housed in a new purple cloth clamshell case with black leather labels. Eckel, pp. 82-85; Hatton and Cleaver, pp. 307-330. Smith, Dickens, I, 12. . First Edition. Fine.

      [Bookseller: Lakin & Marley Rare Books ]
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        STUDY FOR THE ATTAINMENT OF THE SANC GRAEL

      London: W.A. Mansell & Co., ca.1857-90.  Print of Rossetti's study for his Oxford Union Mural, from the photograph by Mansell, 8 x 11cm on thick paper mounted on 20 x 23cm card w/pencilled border, in original glazed wooden frame.  With Christie's stencil (CUS79) & label of the Ruskin Galleries, Birmingham, both to the frame's backboard.  Frame Good (mount stained from backboard bleedthru, & some marks to the wooden surround); print Near-Fine.

      [Bookseller: Leonard Roberts, Bookseller]
 27.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        The Indian Chief and the Little White Boy

      H. C. Peck & Theo. Bliss, 1857. Hardcover. Very Good/None. Hardcover, no DJ, 1857. From the library of American artist and illustrator Leonard Baskin (1922 - 2000), with his personal bookplate to front pastedown (see The Complete Prints of Leonard Baskin: A Catalogue Raissone 1948 - 1983, Fern & O'Sullivan, Little Brown & Co, 1984; pg 37, image 79). Also includes small circular sticker on front pastedown, with image of a porcupine printed in red; this is also an image by Baskin. Full bound red cloth boards, blindstamped designs to front and rear boards, gilt stamped lettering and design to spine. 1/16th inch loss of fabric at top of spine, corner rounding with tiny spots of wear through to underlying board. Binding is solid. Pencilled note on front free endpaper: "From Leonard Baskin library". On the second blank page is another pencil inscription: "1856 / A Present to Oliver Kendall / By J A Bruce / Boylston, Mass". A scarce collection of five stories for children: The Indian chief and the little white boy; The little flower girl; The drowned boy; Story of the petrel; A fox and her young ones. The title story tells the tale of the Howard family who settle in Indian territory in New York, and gain the trust and friendship of a powerful Indian chief by entrusting him with their young son for three days. The story perpetuates many stereotypes of Native American culture, and it fails to even recognize the plurality of cultures that existed. But notably for the time, this narrative also portrays many noble characteristics of the Indians, including loyalty, kindness, honor, and parental love. Other stories in this collection include morality and animal tales. Includes 11 full page engravings, and seventeen partial page engravings. Originally published in 1855.

      [Bookseller: Bayside Books of Maryland, IOBA]
 28.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        POEMS

      London: Edward Moxon, 1857.  First illustrated edition, 21.5 x 15cm (4to), bound in black morocco spine over faux-vellum boards w/gilt decorations & title & 5 raised bands to spine, metal clasps, red & white head-&-tail bands, a.e.g. w/gauffered edges, chocolate ep.s, [i-v] vi-xiii [xiv-xvi], [1] 2-375 [376] cardstock pp. w/frontis portrait medallion by Thomas Woolner & 54 wood engravings by the Dalziels, W.J. Linton, etc. after D.G. Rossetti, J.E. Millais, W. Holman Hunt, etc.  Printed by Bradbury & Evans, London.  Inscribed to recto of 1st blank: "Sarah H. Brofden from Richard, Sale 1857."  Binding Near-Fine (ep.s chipped at edges); contents Very Good (1st & final few leaves foxed w/only occas. lt. foxing elsewhere, & a few sections sl. proud).  "Athenæum" 30 May 1857 p.693, White 105, Dalziels 355, Rossetti 2 (p.41), Ashley VII 114, Reid 36-43, Ehrsam & Deily 218, Fredeman 90.3, Ray 148, Colbeck 26, de Beaumont 374, Goldman 395.

      [Bookseller: Leonard Roberts, Bookseller]
 29.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        "La dictature de Sylla" : Manuscrit autographe complet inédit

      s.l.: S.n., 1857. Broché. 20x31cm. Précieux manuscrit autographe complet de 6 pages in-4, inédit, évoquant cet épisode de l'histoire de Rome. Ce récit, très documenté, semble autant une compilation de notes historiques que l'élaboration d'une toile de fond au destin épique de Sylla. Flaubert y évoque succinctement, bien qu'avec précision, les événements majeurs de l'Histoire et s'attarde plus volontiers sur les épisodes moins significatifs mais plus évocateurs de la démesure du personnage. Ainsi remarque-t-on, dès le début, une attention prêtée aux déplacements géographiques des différents protagonistes et la mise en exergue de leurs fins tragiques : "Catilina (…) lui creva les yeux, lui arracha la langue, les oreilles, les mains, lui rompit les bras et les jambes et lui coupa la tête enfin qu'il porta toute sanglante à Sylla puis il se lava les mains dans l'eau lustrale d'un temple voisin. Le cadavre du vainqueur des Cimbres fut exhumé, livré aux outrages et jeté dans l'Anio." Plusieurs références bibliographiques : "Mr D. n'a pas remarqué cela" ; "Selon Pline XXXVI 186" ; "v. p. 296 est-ce cela ? " soulignent la réflexion de l'auteur au-delà de la simple relation des événements. Il conclue d'ailleurs ainsi : "Sylla homme du passé voulant rétablir une société morte (...) se mit lui-même au dessus des lois (…) caractère commun à tous les acteurs de ce même rôle." Le manuscrit évoque bien évidemment l'intérêt de Flaubert pour l'Antiquité après le procès de Mme Bovary, "le besoin de sortir du monde moderne, où ma plume s'est trop trempée et qui d'ailleurs me fatigue autant à reproduire qu'il me dégoûte à voir" (lettre à Mlle Leroyer de Chantepie, 18 mars 1857). L'absence totale de mention de Carthage dans ce texte semble plutôt témoigner d'un écrit antérieur aux recherches historiques qu'il effectua pour Salammbô, d'une recherche encore ouverte, mais l'intérêt porté au potentiel "tragique" de personnages hors norme, aux antipodes de la "dramatique" actualité de Mme Bovary évoque son grand roman orientaliste. Depuis longtemps, le personnage exerçait une fascination certaine sur Flaubert : "Nous remarquerons d'abord le crime grand, politique et froid, dans la personne de Sylla : il accomplit sa mission fatalement, comme une hache, puis il abdique la dictature et s'en va au milieu du peuple ; c'est là un orgueil plein de grandeur, ce sont là les crimes d'un homme de génie." (Rome et les Césars, 1839). Paul Bourget évoque également cette passion de l'auteur : "Ses amis se rappellent encore avec quel frémissement il récitait tel morceau de prose, le dialogue de Sylla et d'Eucrate, par exemple : « Sylla, lui dis-je...» puis, s'arrêtant là de sa citation, il ajoutait : « Toute l'histoire romaine est là dedans...» et il l'y voyait, tant l'ensorcellement des syllabes agissait sur ses nerfs tendus." (Journal des débats politique et littéraire, 10 février 1884). Mais aussi épique fut-elle, l'histoire de Sylla manquait sans doute, à l'instar du manuscrit, d'une figure essentielle aux grandes œuvres de Flaubert : une femme. - S.n., s.l. _s.d., 20x31cm, 6 pages en feuilles. - 6 pages en feuilles

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Le livre des esprits contenant les principes de la doctrine spirite sur la nature des esprits, leur manisfestation et leurs rapports avec les hommes, les lois morales, la vie présente, la vie future et l'avenir de l'humanité écrit sous la dictée et publié par l'ordre d'esprits supérieurs

      Paris: E. Dentu, 1857. Broché. 16,5x25cm. Rare édition originale. Dos fendu comportant des manques, premier plat volant comportant des déchirures et manques marginaux, absence du deuxième plat, deux pâles mouillures en tête des toutes premières pages et sur les toutes dernières, agréable état intérieur quasi exempt de toute rousseur. Très rare exemplaire, en l'état, de ce texte constitutif du spiritisme. - E. Dentu, Paris _1857, 16,5x25cm, broché. - broché

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
 31.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        NUOVA GUIDA DI BOLOGNA con pianta. Compilazione di? cui seguono appendici utili specialmente à forestieri.

      in-8, pp. 96, bella leg. cartone color. coevo. Con una gr. tav. litogr. ripiegata (mm. 350x450) raff. la pianta della città con 130 rimandi. Belliss. esempl. [131]

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Scriptorium]
 32.   Check availability:     maremagnum.com     Link/Print  


        A General Map of India Compiled Chiefly from Surveys Executed by Order of the Honble. East India Company.

      London: Wm. H. Allen & Co., Jany. 2nd, 1857.. A very large, finely engraved map of India in two parts, the map dimensions of each c. 78 x 156 cm (thus 156 x 156 cm if joined). Bright full original colour to the land and sea, the regional states distinctively coloured. Each part dissected into twenty-seven sections and mounted on linen, the overall edges trimmed with dark green silk, green cloth to folded end sections on linen versos. Both parts fold into original brown ribbed cloth slipcase, gilt lettered to one spine. Some very light wear and marks to slipcase, twin thin lines running horizontally across each part, otherwise a very nice example of a lovely map.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop, ABA, ILAB]
 33.   Check availability:     UKBookworld     Link/Print  


        WORKS: comprising: Farina: A Legend of Cologne. London, 1857; The Ordeal of Richard Feverel. London, 1859. 3 volumes; Evan Harrington. London, Bradbury & Evans, 1861. 3 volumes; Emilia in England. London, 1864. 3 volumes; Rhoda Fleming. London, 1865. 3 volumes; Vittoria. London, 1867. 3 volumes; The Adventures of Harry Richmond. London, 1871. 3 volumes; Beauchamp's Career. London, 1876. 3 volumes; The Egoist. London, 1879. 3 volumes; The Amazing Marriage. 2 vols., 1892; Jump to Glory Jane, London, 1892 and many others

      London vd 1857 1892 London, vd [1857-1892]. First Editions. 30 works in 56 Volumes vols., 8vo. . Bound in full green morocco, t. e.g., with many original covers bound in at the back, by Birdsall London and Northampton. All fine, one of two binding slightly rubbed . An amazing assemblage of the works of one of England's major 19th century novelists all in magnificent full green morocco bindings with the original covers bound in at the back. We have never had such a complete collection.Sadleir (pp. 380-381) says; "Few Victorian fictions are more seldom sen than Numbers 1 to 4 below." 1. Rhoda Fleming. 2. Farina-Harry Richmoond. 3. Evan Harringtonn. 4. Richard Feverel. All are present here 1.The Shaving of Shagpat. An Arabian Entertainment. London, Chapman and Hall, 1856. 384 pp. Original cloth bound in at end. First Edition. 2. Farina: A Legend of Cologne. London, Smith, Elder & Co., 1857. 244 pp. First Edition. 3. The Ordeal of Richard Feverel. A History of Father and Son. In Three Volumes. London, Chapman and Hall, 1859. First Edition. Original cloth bound in at end. 4. Evan Harrington.In Three Volumes. London, Bradbury & Evans, 1861. First Edition. Original cloth bound in 5. Emilia in England. In Three Volumes. London, Chapman and Hall, 1864. First Edition. Original cloth bound in. (republished as Sandra Belloni in 1887) 6. Rhoda Fleming. A Story. In Three Volumes. London, Tinsley Brothers, 1865. First Edition. With original cloth bound in 7. Vittoria. London, 1867. 3 volumes. First Edition. Original cloth bound in

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller ]
 34.   Check availability:     ABAA     Link/Print  


        Histoire des Artistes vivants francais et étrangers. Études d'après nature. Illustrée de 10 Portraits pris au Daguerréotype et gravés sur Acier. Introduction et Catalogues par M.L. de Virmond. Ingres - Delacroix - Corot - Chenauard - Decamps - Diaz - Barye - Courbet - Préault - Rude.

      Paris, E. Blanchard, 1857. 4to. Nice cont. hcalf w. four raised bands and richly gilt back. Hinges a bit weak and capitals a bit worn. All edges gilt. Some minor brownspotting, though two first leves w. heavier brownspotting. (2) ff. (half-title + title-page), III, (1), 328 pp., 2 ff. (Table + Errata) + 10 plates, (-portraits taken with daguerrotype and engraved in steel).. Presentation-copy with an original handwritten and signed dedication from Silvestre for the Minister of Justice: "A Son Exc. M. Emile Ollivier,/ Ministre de la Justice,/ Hommage & Souvenir de/ Théophile Silvestre". With original handwritten signatures by the artists, each under their own portrait. The work was originally meant to comprise 100 installments on French and foreign artists in a luxury folio edition, but after having covered 11 French artists, 10 of which are portrayed here, the work ceased. The folio-edition began to appear in July 1853, and three editions of the work appeared within three or four years. The folio-edition has been almost entirely lost (the only complete chapter known to have survived is the pair of installments on Camille Corot, which is now in the Departement des Estampes et de la Photographie of the Bibliotheque Nationale de France. No other edition of any of the other installments has come to light), and the only information we have on this highly important and seminal work comes from this edition and a 1856-edition. Due to its high ambition and the novelty of the project, this work constitutes the most important contemporary biographical project of the 19th century. The idea of the project, which presented a wholly new way of doing contemporary biography, was to give a truthful portrait of the artists as well as their works, and many of the articles in this work have remained the founding, and even sole, account of a particular artist. Though the biography had been a popular form of art criticism since the Renaissance, Silvestre's project was something entirely different, focusing on the living artist, and comprising almost all aspects of the artist's life. Silvestre actually interviewed every single artist, and he studied their journals, letters, diaries etc. (he was the only one to read Delacroix's journals in his life-time), -of course this was destined for disaster, and among all the other trouble Silvestre got himself into, he was sued for having reported Vernet's indiscretions about Ingres. The work is famous for its daguerrotypical photographs, which ended up being engraved after the photographs, though, and the idea of, by all means, making the artists as lively as possible, e.g. by accompanying the written portrait of the artist with a photographical portrait, was entirely novel. Silvestre had also planned to include facsimiles of the signatures or handwriting of the artists, but this never became a reality, -instead he had a few single copies signed in hand by all the artists: Delacroix, Ingres, Corot, Chenauard, Decamps, Diaz, Barye, Courbet, Préault and Rude, to give away as special presentation copies. Silvestre is regarded as a brilliant critic, and an uncompromising man. He was a committed republican in the February Revolution of 1848, though he remained close friends with several progressives, and his political opposition can be traced in the articles of his work (something he didn't change in the later revised editions from 1861 and 1878); and this presents us with an interesting way of viewing 19th century French art criticism, -the political sphere is also very much present in this genre

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
 35.   Check availability:     Antikvariat     Link/Print  


        [=Serie title on covers].

      (1-3.) Mitau, in Selbstverlag des Herausgegebers, (1857), 1866-67. 4to. Steel-engr. title,+ (132) ll.+ 29 steel-engraved plates; steel-engr. title,+ (163) ll.+ 29 steel-engraved plates; steel-engr. title,+ (153) ll.+ 29 steel-engraved plates. Occasional foxing. Somewhat worn publ. blue blind-stamped cloth, gilt spines and boards, front hinge and upper joints to volume one partly cracked. Complete copy. Winkelmann 455. Issued in 30 leaflets, each with text and 3 engr. plates, including the three title leaves, that all has an engraved view. Vol. 1: Album Livländischer Ansichten, gezeichnet und herausgegeben von Wilhelm Siegfried Stavenhagen in Mitau in Stahl gestochen und Gedruckt von G. G. Lange in Darmstadt. Mit erläuterndem Text von verschidenen Verfassern. Vol. 2: Album Kurländischer Ansichten [...]. Vol 3: Album Ehstländischer Ansichten [...]. The views are engraved after drawings by Wilhelm Siegfried Stavenhagen (1814-81). The most important work of the artist Wilhelm Stavenhagen (1814-81). "Album Baltischer Ansichten"contains steel engraved reproductions of his drawings. showing monuments of the antiquity, manors, castles, panoramas of cities etc. Each illustration has a rather extensive explanation of the history of the object drawn in the illustration, by a number of authors

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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        Calculating Machine. Specification. [British Patent] Number: 13,504. A.D. 1851. - De Colmar's Improved Calculating Machine (header on each text-page)

      London, Eyre and Spottiswoode, Published at the Great Seal Patent Office, 1857. Lex 8vo. Original printed blue front wrapper. A bit of soiling to extremities. 11, (1) pp + two large, folded lithographic plates, clothbacked. Blindstamped armorial ex-libris to both plates (Manchester Free Library, 1851).. Scarce original printed patent for the first commercially successful mechanical calculator, the first version of Colmar's seminal Arithmometer to be suitable for industrial production, marking the starting point of the mechanical calculator industry, which, in turn, led to the invention of the commercially successful personal computer. "Because it was the first mass marketed and the first widely copied calculator, its design marks the starting point of the mechanical calculator industry, which eventually morphed into the electronic calculator industry and which, through the accidental design of the first microprocessor to be commercialized, the Intel 4004, for one of Busicom's calculators in 1971, led to the first commercially available personal computer, the Altair in 1975. Its user interface was used throughout during the 120 years that the mechanical calculator industry lasted. First with its clones and then with the Odhner Arithmometer and its clones, which was a redesign of the arithmometer with a pinwheel system but with exactly the same user interface."Thomas de Colmar took out his first patent for his Arithmometer in Paris in 1820 and kept working on it over the years, continually improving it in order for it to reach a stage where it was no longer just a curious and impressive machine, but one that people would actually be able to use. Only in 1851 does his calculating machine (Aritmometer) reach a version suitable for commercial manufacture, and it is this version that is patented with the present publication. It seems likely that he took out this British patent (nr. 13,504) in connection with the Great Exhibition of 1851, where he presents his seminal device that was to become the first commercially successful mechanical calculator. It is only with this 1851-version that the seminal Thomas (Colmar) Arithmometer is ready for manufacture, and its debut of 1851 launched the mechanical calculator industry, which ultimately built millions of machines well into the 1970s. For almost forty years, from 1851 to 1887, the Arithmometer was the only type of mechanical calculator in commercial production and it was sold all over the world; after these ab. 40 years, all other calculating devices that were produced were clones of the Aritmometer. Eventually about twenty European companies built clones of the Arithmometer until the beginning of WWII.(see Chase G.C.: History of Mechanical Computing Machinery, Vol. 2, Number 3, July 1980, page 204, IEEE Annals of the History of Computing). As we all know, there had been attempts at constructing calculators before the time of Colmar (most famously, of course, by Pascal and Leibnitz), but these machines were often defective or very expensive, or both, and in all cases impossible to commercialize. One could say that the best of the earlier attempts did simply not appear at the right time - but Colmar's did. Thomas Colmar's arithmometer became such a great success, not because it was a unique invention, but rather rather due to the fact that Colmar began his work at a time when, first of all, the technologies for mass production had been invented (which was not the case in the 17th and 18th centuries), and secondly, but equally importantly, the application of it had major economic benefits. In order for the calculator to succeed as a commodity, there had to be two factors in play: a specific need that could not easily be satisfied by other means, and an economic reason for supporting the still high cost of such a device. These two factors came together in the insurance business, the business in which Colmar made his initial career. In 1819 he was appointed General Manager of the Phoenix insurance company, and later he founded the insurance companies "Soleil" and "Aigle".Colmar hat hit upon something essential at exactly the right time, and his perfectly developed 1851-version of his Arithmometer thus became a world-wide massive success, if ever there was one. It was introduced in the UK at the The Great Exhibition of 1851, the same year that true industrial production of it started.At the middle of the 19th century, with the industrial revolution, technological aid had to be made easy, and it is no wonder that more and more enterprises, scientific, military and government institutions became eager to accept a calculator - this was to be Colmar's calculator.The sturdy design of Colmar's calculator gave it a strong reputation of reliability and accuracy, contributing to its century-long production-period. This original patent was taken out in 1851, but it was not printed until 1857. In fact, until 1852, all British patents only existed in hand-written versions, and we owe the printed prodution of them to one man: Bennet Woodcroft. Woodcroft (1803 - 1879) was an English textile manufacturer, industrial archaeologist, pioneer of marine propulsion, and a leading figure in patent reform. He was the first clerk to the commissioners of patents.Upon the passing of the Patent Law Amendment Act of 1852 Woodcroft was chosen for the post of superintendent of specifications, and in 1864 he was appointed clerk to the commissioners of patents, with sole charge of the department. His administration was marked by remarkable ability and liberality, and he may be said to have originated and carried out the whole existing system. In the space of five years (i.e. from 1852-57), he printed and published the whole of the specifications from 1617 to 1852 - 14,359 in number, meaning that all British patents up until 1852 were first printed in this period. Copies of these printed patents were presented to all larger towns in the country

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
 37.   Check availability:     Antikvariat     Link/Print  

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