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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1856

        L'Isthme de Suez Journal de l'Union des Deux Mers

      Paris: aux Bureaux du Journal, 1856. Large folding sectional elevation of the Isthmus of Suez (approx. 84 inches in length). Volume 1 (Première Année), Nos. 1-13. Each number with large woodcut vignette headpiece showing the Suez Canal; index at pp. 209-214. [2], 214 pp. 1 vols. Small folio. Recent quarter green calf and nineteenth-century marbled boards. Stamp of Société de Géographie on title. Fine. Scarce Suez Canal Periodical First 13 numbers of this scarce periodical devoted entirely to the Canal project and related subjects; it includes progress reports, bulletins from Egypt on local conditions as they relate to the project, international "faits divers", etc. The sectional elevation (Profil de l'Isthme de Suez) gives important visual detail for this landmark of engineering and international transportation.

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller]
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        Les Aventures du Chevalier Jaufre et de la Belle Brunissende

      Paris: Librairie Nouvelle, 1856. First edition. 20 wood-engraved illustrations in two states (CHINA PAPER proofs before letters and thick paper) by Gustave Doré. 139, [3] pp. Tall 8vo. Three quarters brown morocco over alligator-skin patterned paper, spine gilt-stamped with an urn and painted flowers, a.e.g. on the rough, one plate loose, with a small gold embossed bookplate. Doré's Jaufry the Knight, with Proofs on China Paper The first edition of Lafon's translation of the 12th-century Arthurian romance of Jaufry the Knight, with 20 wood-engraved illustrations by Doré in two states.

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller]
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        Foxglove Bells: A Book of Sonnets

      Brussels: J.H. Briard, 1856. First edition. viii, 72 pp. 1 vols. 8vo. Original red cloth gilt, slightly darkened, blind stamped covers, a.e.g. A nice copy overall. Inscribed, With ALS Presentation copy inscribed by Westwood "from the author, Feb. 1861", and with a 4-page ALS dated Oct 28 /63 and addressed "Dear Sir" laid in, discussing a proposed bibliography of the Garlands and other angling matters. "I send you with this a rough copy of the skeleton bibliography of the Garlands, praying you to look it over & add, expunge & correct as you may deem expedient ... I will ask Bohn for Chatto's address." "Westwood produced many poems and published a number of collections but was conscious that they lacked something. In a humorous sonnet entitled 'The Small Poets' he wrote 'Oh for a wizard's sleight ... to turn this swarm of mites into one Mighty!'. However, W. S. Landor remarked that he would have liked to have written Westwood's 'Love in the Alpuxaras'" (DNB). 'The Small Poets' appears on p. 32 of the present work. Westwood, who knew Charles and Mary Lamb and Wordsworth in his youth, lived in west Flanders (Belgium) for much of his later life, and was a pioneering bibliographer of angling. He published the first of his labors in the same year as this inscription, A New Bibliotheca Piscatoria, quickly followed by the Chronicle of the Compleat Angler in 1863. The Bibliotheca Piscatoria of 1883 was written in collaboration of Thomas Satchell. A choice association copy.

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller]
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        Recollections of the Table-Talk of Samuel Rogers

      1856. ROGERS, Samuel. Recollections of the Table-Talk of Samuel Rogers to which is added Porsoniana. x, [2], 355 pp. Illustrated with over 40 plates, many of which are hand-coloured. 8vo., bound in full red morocco, five raised bands, spine compartments richly gilt, gilt decorative borders on inside and outside covers, silk doublures and endpapers, a.e.g., by Root & Son, London. London: Edward Moxon, 1856.Second Edition, Extra-Illustrated; most of these are portraits of the personalities featured in the book, including Alexander Pope, Dr. Samuel Johnson, John Dryden, and Oliver Cromwell, among others.A skilled author in his own right, Rogers is one of the few people to have turned down the poet laureateship. However, he is best remembered for being a nucleus of the London literary scene for the first half of the nineteenth century. He regularly hosted breakfasts and dinners for famous intellectuals at his house in Westminster, right by St. James Park. At these meals his guests were entertained with many of the anecdotes contained in this work. Rogers' legendary wit shines through in this invaluable historical document. Some foxing to plates, otherwise in fine condition.PROVENANCE: Harry F. Marks, Bookseller, with bookplate.

      [Bookseller: Ursus Rare Books ]
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        Untersuchungen über die Verbreitung des Tigers (Felix tigris) und seine Beziehungen zur Menschheit. Ein Sendschreiben an den Herrn Baron A. v. Humboldt

      St. Petersburg, Kaiserliche Akademie der Wissenschaften 1856.. 95 S. Bedruckter Orig.-Umschlag. Gr.-4°. Engelmann, Bibliotheca historico-naturalis 1354; Rohrbacher, Georgien 602. - Sonderabdruck aus den Mémoires de l`Academie Imperiale. - Erste deutschsprachige Monographie über Tiger. - Johann Friedrich von Brandt (1802-1879) war seit 1831 Professor der Zoologie in St. Petersburg. - Umschlag gestempelt, mit kl. Läsuren, hintere Decke mit Eckabriss. Rücken überklebt.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        Eigenh. Brief mit U. ("FGrützmacher").

      Leipzig, 28. XI. 1856. - 1 S. auf Doppelblatt. Gr.-4to. Mit eh. Adresse (Faltbrief). An den Cellisten und Komponisten Georg Goltermann mit der Mitteilung, daß Rinz ihm nicht "die Partitur und Stimmen Ihrer Ouverture" übergeben, sondern sie direkt an Goltermann schicken wolle: "[.] Ihr Violoncell-Konzert, welches mir sehr gefällt und aus welchem sich viel machen läßt, spiele ich jedenfalls im Laufe dieses Winters noch im Gewandhause. Gern hätte ich es schon bei meinem ersten diesjährigen Spielen gewählt, jedoch war es der ausdrückliche Wunsch des Directoriums, daß ich das Concert v. Molique spiele [.]". - Friedrich Grützmacher erhielt ersten Musikunterricht bei seinem Vater Friedrich, einem Kammermusiker. Danach wurde er im Cellospiel bei Karl Drechsler und in Musiktheorie und Komposition bei Friedrich Schneider ausgebildet. Seit 1849 Erster Violoncellist des Leipziger Gewandhausorchesters und Lehrer für Violoncello am dortigen Konservatorium, wechselte er 1860 als Kgl. Kammervirtuose nach Dresden, wo er als Mitglied des Hoforchesters, zwischenzeitlich zum Kgl. Prof. und Hofrat ernannt, bis zu seiner Versetzung in den Ruhestand (1902) blieb. "Grützmacher galt als einer der hervorragendsten Cellisten seiner Zeit und war ein produktiver Komponist und gesuchter Pädagoge [.] Grützmacher schrieb eine 'Hohe Schule des Violoncellspiels' (1891) und komponierte Vortrags- und Übungsstücke für Violoncello, Orchesterwerke, Kammermusik, Klavierstücke und Lieder" (DBE). - Mit kleinen Randläsuren und etwas fleckig.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat INLIBRIS Gilhofer Nfg. GmbH]
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        Numismata Hellenica: A Catalogue of Greek Coins Collected by. [bound with] A Supplement to.

      London: John Murray -9 1856 - Two volumes in one. 4to. viii, 67, (1), 156, (1), 165, (1) 80, (2), 3, (1), 5, (1), 40; vi, 189, (1) pp. Original plum cloth, gilt lettered to the spine, which has been expertly rebacked preserving the original, discreet bookseller's ticket of Blackwell's of Oxford to the foot of the front pastedown. 3 plates, 1 folding map and a small "scale of sizes" tipped in at the front. Spine faded, a very good copy. The author is mostly known for his travels and accomplished writings on the topography of Greece and Asia Minor. A true Philhellene, he compiled a rich and extensive collection of antiquities including marbles, bronzes and coins from the region, the last of which are recorded here. Leake's various collections were founded on items found during his voyages in the region, but he also bought extensively in the London auction rooms of the day, acquiring coins from some of the great coin collections. On his demise his collections were sold off, the marbles to the British Museum and the coins and many of the other antiquities to the Fitzwilliam Museum in Cambridge. This copy is complete with the supplement published three years later. Scarce.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop (ABA, ILAB)]
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        Zeemans-Woordeboek Een verklaring der woorden by de scheepvaart en den handel in gebruik en een opgave der algemeene wetsbepalingen daartoe betrekkelijk en der spreekwijzen daaraan ontleend etc.

      - 1856 Amsterdam, Gebroeders Binger, eerste editie, hardcover 283 blz. Boek in goede staat. Zeldzaam! [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: nautiek]
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        Eigenh. Brief mit U.

      Berlin, 29. VIII. 1856.. 2 SS. 8vo.. An den Dichter Arnold Schlönbach: "Seit dem 9ten d. M. habe ich bereits Stuttgart den Rücken gekehrt um hier der Aufführung unseres Oratoriums [d. i. "Das verlorene Paradies" nach John Milton] zu leben, es thut mir daher leid, Sie dort nicht bewirthen zu können, was ich gewiß mit dem größten Vergnügen gethan hätte. Einen Chor möchte ich jetzt sehr gerne schreiben, wenn ich einen mir entsprechenden Text fände & er mich nichts kosten würde, da ich, seitdem ich nicht mehr die Pension vom Russischen Hofe beziehe, der ärmste aller Musikanten bin; ob ich 1856 einen uneigennützigen Literaten finden werde bin ich neugierig, viel Hoffnung habe ich nicht [...]". - Das ehemalige Wunderkind Rubinstein - sein erstes Konzert gab er mit neun Jahren in Moskau, von seinem 13. Lebensjahr an genoss er keinen Klavierunterricht mehr - hatte schon 1841 eine erste Konzertreise nach Westeuropa unternommen, bis 1849 lebte er vornehmlich in Wien und Preßburg. "An der Grenze des russischen Reiches geboren, einer Familie zugehörig, in der sich deutscher Kultureinfluß stark bemerkbar machte, kehrte Rubinstein im Laufe seines Lebens immer wieder zu längerem Aufenthalt nach Westeuropa zurück: 1854-1858, 1867-1886 lebte er als gefeierter Konzertpianist, als Dirigent und anerkannter Komponist im Westen" (MGG XI, 1043). 1859 zählte Rubinstein zu den Begründern der Russischen Musikgesellschaft, die 1862 das erste russische Konservatorium aus der Taufe hob; Rubinstein wurde dessen erster Direktor. Auch in den USA erzeugte er größte Wirkung mit den monumentalen Zyklen seiner "Historischen Konzerte".

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Inlibris, Gilhofer Nfg. GmbH]
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        [PERSONAL MANUSCRIPT DIARY OF LIEUT. PAUL SHIRLEY, UNITED STATES NAVY, U.S.S. Susquehanna, 1856 - 1858]

      [Various locales. 1856-1858].. [165]pp. Two volumes. Matching three-quarter cloth and limp paper boards. Some scuffing and minor soiling. Tape reinforcement to front hinge of first volume. Very good. Paul Shirley was appointed to the Navy on July 25, 1839, and achieved lieutenant almost fifteen years to the day later, on July 24, 1854. Ships under his command were responsible for some important captures in the Pacific theater during his career. While in command of the CYANE of the Pacific squadron, he captured the pirate cruiser J.M. CHAPMAN in 1863. While in charge of the SUWANEE he took the pirate steamer COLON at Cape Saint Lucas, Lower California, thereby saving two mail steamers that would have been captured. Subsequently, he commanded the flag ship PENSACOLA during 1867-8 and the INDEPENDENCE at Mare Island, California in 1869-70. His time serving as a lieutenant on the USS SUSQUEHANNA in the late 1850s is the focus of the current manuscript. This diary, dated from Mar. 31, 1856 to May 22, 1858 and written entirely in pencil, covers the commissioning of the SUSQUEHANNA and its deployment to Key West; to San Juan, passing through various Caribbean ports of call including Cuba and Jamaica; and on to the Mediterranean Sea, spending considerable time in Italy, specifically Genoa, Palermo, and Naples; to London to assist in the laying of the first telegraph line, where Lt. Shirley met Samuel Morse, then onto other parts of England, Wales, and Ireland; from England to America; back to the Mediterranean when the cable broke after laying 335 miles of wire; then back to San Juan and Key West; finally to New York where he left to visit his family in Philadelphia. The first entry of the diary opens with "I received orders to report for duty on board of the U.S. Steam Frigate Susquehanna, fitting out at Philadelphia for a cruise in the Mediterranean." Lt. Shirley continues throughout in a clean and easy style, obviously a man of education and intelligence with a keen eye for observation and insightful commentary. An entry on Oct. 2, 1856 gives an account of Shirley's struggle with the current political state of the country, a prescient entry considering what would erupt just five years later, and a sad reminder of how the Civil War divided loyalties in unclear and painful ways: "Received letter intelligence from home - Things look equally in a political way at home, what is to be the result of the insane & unholy war that the North are waging against the South is not in the power of man to tell; but it certainly looks to the rupture of our glorious Union, I think. Oh the political insanity and folly and wickedness of the Black Republicans in acting the part they do. God preserve my Country, I pray. Many years of my life have I devoted to the service of my country, but it is no long a foreign enemy we dread, the enemy is at home. As long as there is a party to sustain the Federal Government, I will be found with it, but if matters come to the worst, I will shoulder my Rifle and offer up my life in defense of the South, not simply because she is 'The South,' but because her cause is just, and I am one of her sons." Just over a month after Shirley's entry regarding the division within the country, on November 20, he celebrates the 1856 election news, writing: "Got the glorious news of the Election of Mr. Buchanan, by the people, to the Presidency; over the sectional, aggressive, unconstitutional and unscrupulous Black Republicans; their dirty banner is trailed in the dust, and deservedly so, for it was not national enough to wave over the whole country - well done for the democracy." He then notes the tally of electoral votes for each candidate (Buchanan, Fillmore, and Fremont) in both the official vote and then onboard his own vessel. Buchanan won in both instances. Ironically, for all of his vitriol against the Republicans, Shirley ultimately served as a Union commander during the Civil War. He took command of the SUWANEE in January 1865 with the primary mission of capturing or destroying the CSS SHENANDOAH. It was an unsuccessful endeavor, and the SUWANEE wrecked off of British Columbia in 1868. Lt. Shirley's diary is filled with details about his travels through various locales, celebrates his own thirty-sixth birthday and the fourth birthday of his son, participates in courts martial proceedings, witnesses a boat race, and even keeps a list of letters he's written and an accounting of his wages. On Sept. 15, 1856, he laments that he has not heard from his wife and two sons in Philadelphia, writing that it has been four months since he "has heard a word from them." Just two weeks later, he would get some relief, when their supply ship brought letters from home. Lt. Shirley's interests extended to art and history, and many of his entries describe the museums he visited in Europe and England. Also, his entries talk about the culture in Europe and the acquaintances he met there. He often attends church in the various places he visits. In an entry in July 1857, Shirley praises the religious people of England when he writes, "The religion of the English people helps to make them the great nation which they undoubtedly are." He detested the West Indies because of its hot weather and people and was very disappointed when their vessel received orders to return there from the Mediterranean. His dread and disappointment were justified when upon returning, crew members started to become ill and die with "Yellow Jack,?" the contemporary name for Yellow fever. The first man died on Mar. 23, 1858. The number of sick increased to ninety cases by April 4. On April 6, a British ship came alongside the SUSQUEHANNA, and took eighty-five crewmen to the Royal Marine Hospital. Two days later, the ship took on a crew of "negroes for Linemen, Coal Heavers & servants" to make up for all those crew members lost to the fever. Then, despite a recommendation that the ship be abandoned because of its high level of sickness, the SUSQUEHANNA received orders to sail for New York where they subsequently stayed at quarantine near Staten Island. After three days, the ship was ordered to Boston and the crew sent to a quarantine hospital. Lt. Shirley was released from the hospital on April 21, and returned to Philadelphia "where I found my wife & my darling Boys quite well and happy to see me." The joy would not last long. Unfortunately, his oldest son took sick several days later and eventually died in his arms. The last few entries in his diary detail the final days and moments of his son?'s life, and the anguish Shirley suffered during this sad time: "Alas on Thursday morning 20th of May at 8:15 A.M. my darling Boy died, with his little fingers clasped round each of my hands, and looking up in my face, perfectly conscious to the last moment of his life, not a line of his face changing, he expired. I talked to him, and received his last breath. Oh God Oh God receive into thy bosom the soul of my departed child, and grant that after this weary life is over I may be with him again...Buried my little darling in Glenwood Cemetery, the flowers and green grass were looking beautiful and birds were singing over his grave. His little coffin was filled with white rose beds, Lilly of the Valley, Heliotrope and white Lilacs." An excellent personal record of one naval officer's exploits in numerous exotic locations during a somewhat calm period for the United States military before the storm of the Civil War, but one that saw them assisting with interesting projects such as the construction of the first telegraph line.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Leaves of Grass

      Brooklyn, New York: [Fowler and Wells], 1856. Second edition, with an additional 20 poems not published in the 1855 edition. Frontispiece portrait. [1] f. (blank), pp. [i]-iv, [5]-384, [1, advertisement (verso blank)], [1] f. (blank). 1 vols. 12mo. Original green cloth, spine stamped with leafy title and the celebrated Emerson quote in gilt, upper board titled in gilt within ornamental border in blind, lower board in blind. Fine, fresh copy, with just a few minute spots of rubbing at corners. In a custom green half morocco clamshell box. "I celebrate myself ..." A Fine Copy of the Second Edition of Leaves of Grass A fine copy of the second edition of Leaves of Grass. As well as the additional poems, Whitman has included a final section of Correspondence and Review, called "Leaves-Droppings," beginning with the famous letter from Emerson containing the salutation "I greet you at the beginning of a great career ..." which Whitman had rather boldly stamped on the spine of the original binding. The Christian Examiner of November, 1856, was not amused, and wrote: "... Thus the honored name of Emerson, which has never before been associated with anything save refinement and delicacy in speech and writing, is made to indorse a work that teems with abominations."

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller]
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        Lake Ngami; or Explorations and Discoveries during four years wanderings in the wilds of South Western Africa.

      London Hurst and Blackett Publishers First edition 1856 - Thick 8vo. xviii, 545pp. With a folding linen back map and numerous illustrations including lithographs and wood engravings, representing sporting adventures, subjects of natural history, devices for destroying wild animals etc. In maroon half morocco with raised bands recently rebacked. A handsome volume. Some light internal foxing and spotting but essentially a very good copy of this classic African hunting book. Scarce.

      [Bookseller: Kerr & Sons Booksellers]
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        Memoires touchant la vie et les ecrits de Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, Dame de Bourbilly, Marquise de Sevigne De notes et d'eclaireissements par C.A. Walckenaer et M. Aubenas.

      Paris, Firmin-Didot, 1856-80.. 6 Bände. 19 x 13 cm. Dekorative blaue Halbmaroquinbände der Zeit mit goldgeprägten Rückentiteln, Kopfgoldschnitt und eingebundenen Original-Broschuren.. 1 Band in der 1., 2 in der 3. und 3 Bände in der 4. Auflage. - Unbeschnitten, Exlibris. - Bünde teilweise leicht berieben. - Sehr gut erhaltenes Exemplar in dekorativen Halbmaroquinbänden.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Manfred Nosbüsch]
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        Les Phenomenes et les Curiosites de la Nature

      1856. CURIOSITIES OF NATURE. Les Phenomenes et les Curiosites de la Nature. Text by Munerelle. 158 pp. Illustrated with 37 hand-coloured and chromolithographic plates after Lemaitre. 4to., 292 x 230 mm, bound in publisher's blind- and gilt-stamped green cloth, a.e.g.. Strassbourg: Derivaux, 1856. A near-fine copy of this chromolithographic book illustrating dramatic climatic events. The text is entirely printed in blue ink throughout. The chromolithographs are printed by the Strasbourg lithographer E. Lemaitre. The subject matter for the colour plates is meant to record the sensational; scenes include: floods, earthquakes, typhoons, avalanches, volcanoes, tidal waves, etc. The remainder of the plates depicts the curiosities of nature such as: the glacial source of the Rhine, the grotto of Fingal, a natural stone bridge in Virginia, Chimborazo in the Andes, the Nile River, a few of them quite bizarre. Among other striking images are: Niagara Falls, Mount Vesuvius, an avalanche in the Alps and the Aurora Borealis. Very scarce. Gumuchian 4546.

      [Bookseller: Ursus Rare Books]
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        The Maritime Flags and Standards of all Nations

      1856. FIGSBEE, Alphonso. The Maritime Flags and Standards of all Nations. 4 pp text and 64 plates. 8vo., original wrappers, in a new half morocco folding box. New York: A Ranney, 1856. |~||~||~||~| A scarce little book, of which OCLC lists only 5 libraries with copies of the book. The color plates of the flags are somewhat primitive, but nevertheless quite charming. Covers with some wear, but in a nice unsophisticated state.

      [Bookseller: Ursus Rare Books]
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        "Lindemann-Frommel's Skizzen aus Rom und der Umgegend." - Vesta-Tempel - Tempio di Vesta.

      1856.. . Der Betrachter blickt von der Spitze der Tiber-Insel auf den Tempel des Hercules Victor auf dem Forum Boarium (früher als Tempel der Vesta eingestuft) und die Kirche S. Maria in Cosmedin mit der Bocca della Verita. Rechts ragt die Ponte Rotto ins Bild. Kopie der Ansicht Lindemann-Frommels mit Aquarellfarben und Tusche auf Bleistift von Rudolf Schick, re. u. sign. u. dat. "Ostern 1856". 22,5 x 30,3 cm. - Lediglich schwach gebräunt und nahezu fleckenfrei; das starke Papier glatt. Unter der Ansicht in Tusche die Bezeichnungen, wie sie auf der Lithographie zu finden sind. - Rudolf Schick: Berlin 8.8.1840 - 26.2.1887 ebenda. Mit 18 Jahren trat der junge Rudolf Schick in die Berliner Akademie ein, wurde zudem Schüler im Atelier von Schirmer. 1864, nach einem Aufenthalt in Bayern, erhielt er in einem Wettbewerb den Staatspreis der Geschichtsmaler. Danach zog es ihn nach Paris und über Tirol nach Italien. In Rom verkehrte er mit Böcklin, der ihn später mit nach Basel nahm und ihn dort als Gehilfen an den Wandmalereien des dortigen Museums beschäftigte. Unterbrochen von mehreren Italienreisen ließ er sich später wieder in Berlin nieder. Er war hauptsächlich in der Landschaftsmalerei und in der Portraitkunst tätig. Die Nationalgalerie kaufte zwei seiner Werke an. Die Nähe zu Böcklin ist in seinen Bildern nicht zu leugnen. Gesundheitlich angeschlagen, arbeitete er bis zu seinem Tod weiter. Nach diesem ehrte ihn die Nationalgalerie mit einer umfangreichen Retrospektive seiner Werke. (s. NDB) - Das vorliegende Blatt stellt ein absolutes Jugendwerk des Künstlers im Alter von 15 Jahren dar, der scheinbar schon vor seinem Studium an der Akademie durch Kopien sein Können schulen wollte. Die Vorlage, Carl Lindemann-Frommels Lithographie des "Vesta-Tempels" aus dessen Serie "Skizzen aus Rom und der Umgegend", war erst die Jahre zuvor erschienen, in der 1. Auflage 1851. Die Verbreitung dieser lithographischen Mappenwerke war durch ihre Beliebtheit enorm. Peter Freude weist deshalb in seiner Monographie über Lindemann-Frommel darauf hin, dass die "Lithographiemappen ... ihm zum eigentlichen Durchbruch in der damaligen Kunstwelt verholfen haben" (Freude, Karl Lindemann-Frommel - Ein Malerleben in Rom, S. 247). Das bekannte Nachschlagewerk von Nagler bezeichnet die Lithographien gar mit den Worten: "... wir haben kein schöneres Werk über Italien" (zit. ebenda). Das vorliegende Motiv erschien in der 2. Mappe als 7. Ansicht von insgesamt 48. Abb. bei Freude, S. 441, Nr. 70. - Schick übernimmt detailgetreu das Motiv Lindemann-Frommels, bis auf wenige Millimeter stimmen auch die Maße überein. Lindemann-Frommel fertigte eine Farblithographie an, es ist zu vermuten, dass Schick auch die Farbgebung kopierte (die Abb. bei Freude ist schwarz-weiß). In der tonig gehaltenen Ansicht wird nur dezent Farbe eingestreut, so im Grün der Bäume und in wenigen roten Punkten einiger Kleider und Vasen auf der Tiber-Mauer. Der Tempel tritt durch seine braune Tusche eigens hervor. Bei aller Genauigkeit der Kopie schafft es der junge Schick noch nicht, die Stimmung und die Spannungsbögen Lindemann-Frommels aufzugreifen, die er durch Licht und Schatten schafft. Die von Schick mehr als zart angedeuteten Wolken treten bei Lindemann-Frommel nahezu bedrohlich hinter dem Tempel hervor. Dieses Jugendwerk vor seiner Ausbildung weist allerdings deutlich auf das zeichnerische Geschick des Malers hin, die Proportionen sind gut erfasst, die Perspektiven sind stimmig.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Tobias Müller - Einzeluntern]
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        The Maritime Flags and Standards of all Nations

      1856. FIGSBEE, Alphonso. The Maritime Flags and Standards of all Nations. 4 pp text and 64 plates. 8vo., original wrappers, in a new half morocco folding box. New York: A Ranney, 1856.A scarce little book, of which OCLC lists only 5 libraries with copies of the book. The color plates of the flags are somewhat primitive, but nevertheless quite charming. Covers with some wear, but in a nice unsophisticated state.

      [Bookseller: Ursus Rare Books ]
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        Caravan journeys and wanderings in Persia, Afghanistan, Turkistan, and Beloochistan : with historical notices of the countries lying between Russia and India

      London: John Murray, 1856. Further information: by J. P. Ferrier ; translated from the original unpublished manuscript by William Jesse ; edited by H.D. Seymour. A very nice copy indeed, professionally re bound in a tasteful green half leather and marble style boards. Gilt embelished spine. Fitted with new end papers and pastedowns. There are some neat pencil notes within a small amount of the text, which personally I believe, in this example adds to the volume as the notes are believed to be those of Colonel (temporary Brigadier-General) Edmund Boteler Burton, Indian Army - 17th Bengal Cavalry. 1861-1942.. These are easily removed however. p.xii, 534, frontis, 2 further plates, very good folding map to rear. A nice example.. First Edition. Hard Cover. Very Good +. 8vo - over 7?" - 9?" tall.

      [Bookseller: Norman Macdonald's Collection]
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        Two Part Tinted Lithograph Panorama of the City of Mutsamudu (Anjouan) Titled:] Vue de Moutsamoudou, Ville Principale de L'Ile D'Anjouan.

      Arthus Bertrand, Paris 1856 - Paris: Arthus Bertrand, [1856-1857]. Two part tinted lithographs, each ca. 45x30 cm (18x12 in). With a library blind stamp in blank margin, but overall very good lithographs. "Mutsamudu is the second largest city in the Comoros, founded in 1482. It is also the capital and largest city on the island of Anjouan" (Wikipedia). Plate #28 a & b from Voyage à la côte orientale d'Afrique exécuté pendant les années 1846, 1847 et 1848 par le brick Le Ducouëdic sous le commandement de M. Guillain. "Charles Guillain visited the Indian Ocean coasts of Africa and the Portuguese settlements in India aboard the Du Couedic between January 1846 and May 1849. He was appointed member of a commission in 1858 to investigate new possibilities of French emigration to the colonies, and governor of New Caledonia in 1861" (Sothebys). Guillain's Documents sur l'Histoire is also one of the only sources for the travels of Eugene Maizan (1819-1845), "Possibly the first European to penetrate East Africa., Maizan proceeded as far as the district of Deje-la-Mhora, on the Uzaramo plateau about 80-150 kilometers from the coast, when he was set upon by Mazangera tribesmen under sub-chief Hembe, and bound to a calabash tree and savagely murdered., [Guillain's Documents sur l'Histoire is] considered the finest account of East Africa for the period" (Howgego 1800-1850, M6). Guillain "sailed down the Indian Ocean coast and went ashore at Mogadishu, Marca, and Baraawe, penetrating some distance inland and collecting valuable geographic and ethnographic information" (Encyclopaedia Britannica Online); Gay 236; Hess & Coger 272; Ibrahim-Hilmy I, 280.

      [Bookseller: The Wayfarer's Bookshop, ABAC/ILAB/PBFA]
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        Mammoth musical exercises

      1856. AMERICAN MUSIC. Mammoth Musical Exercises: or, Musical Diagrams for the Singing Class, Designed to save Teachers much Labor at the Blackboard. By Lowell Mason. 60 ff. of printed music. Elephant folio, 615 x 515 mm, bound in contemporary American marbled boards with new brown calf spine and corners. New York: Mason Brothers, 1856.Grand-scale printing of this exceedingly rare American musical specimen. This nineteenth-century American musical printing was issued by the man known as the "father of American music" and the "father of American church music." His most famous composition is probably "Nearer My God, to Thee."Lowell Mason (1792-1872) instituted a program for music education in Boston public schools, which was widely copied around the country. His other great accomplishment was transforming American church music from a practice of having professional choirs and accompaniment to congregational singing accompanied by organ music. This massive tome, published by his sons, was intended to be used in school classrooms. It was printed in a grand scale so that it could be seen from a distance. The size, and the fact that it was heavily used, has resulted in very few surviving copies. The upper outer corner of the margins are missing a small piece, but the overall condition is exceptional for this type of fragile publication.

      [Bookseller: Ursus Rare Books ]
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        Eigenh. Brief mit U.

      Neapel, 30. III. 1856.. 2 SS. 4to. Mit eh. Adresse (Faltbrief) und Siegelrest.. In italienischer Sprache: Empfiehlt dem Maestro Luigi Bonzi in Florenz wärmstens den Sänger Alfons Guercia (1831-1890). - Der Schüler von Niccolo Antonio Zingarelli war von 1827 bis 1830 er in Madrid und anderen Städten Spaniens als Komponist und Dirigent der italienischen Operntheater tätig. Nach Italien zurückgekehrt, wurde er 1833 als Nachfolger von Pietro Generali zum Kapellmeister der Kathedrale von Novara ernannt. 1840 wurde er als Nachfolger Zingarellis Direktor des königlichen Konservatoriums in Neapel, wo er 1870 starb (vgl. MGG IX, 115).

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Inlibris, Gilhofer Nfg. GmbH]
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        Recollections of the Table-Talk of Samuel Rogers

      1856. ROGERS, Samuel. Recollections of the Table-Talk of Samuel Rogers to which is added Porsoniana. x, [2], 355 pp. Illustrated with over 40 plates, many of which are hand-coloured. 8vo., bound in full red morocco, five raised bands, spine compartments richly gilt, gilt decorative borders on inside and outside covers, silk doublures and endpapers, a.e.g., by Root & Son, London. London: Edward Moxon, 1856. |~||~||~||~||~| Second Edition, Extra-Illustrated; most of these are portraits of the personalities featured in the book, including Alexander Pope, Dr. Samuel Johnson, John Dryden, and Oliver Cromwell, among others. A skilled author in his own right, Rogers is one of the few people to have turned down the poet laureateship. However, he is best remembered for being a nucleus of the London literary scene for the first half of the nineteenth century. He regularly hosted breakfasts and dinners for famous intellectuals at his house in Westminster, right by St. James Park. At these meals his guests were entertained with many of the anecdotes contained in this work. Rogers' legendary wit shines through in this invaluable historical document. Some foxing to plates, otherwise in fine condition. PROVENANCE: Harry F. Marks, Bookseller, with bookplate.

      [Bookseller: Ursus Rare Books]
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        Eigenh. Brief mit U. ("FGrützmacher").

      Leipzig, 28. XI. 1856.. 1 S. auf Doppelblatt. Gr.-4to. Mit eh. Adresse (Faltbrief).. An den Cellisten und Komponisten Georg Goltermann mit der Mitteilung, daß Rinz ihm nicht "die Partitur und Stimmen Ihrer Ouverture" übergeben, sondern sie direkt an Goltermann schicken wolle: "[...] Ihr Violoncell-Konzert, welches mir sehr gefällt und aus welchem sich viel machen läßt, spiele ich jedenfalls im Laufe dieses Winters noch im Gewandhause. Gern hätte ich es schon bei meinem ersten diesjährigen Spielen gewählt, jedoch war es der ausdrückliche Wunsch des Directoriums, daß ich das Concert v. Molique spiele [...]". - Friedrich Grützmacher erhielt ersten Musikunterricht bei seinem Vater Friedrich, einem Kammermusiker. Danach wurde er im Cellospiel bei Karl Drechsler und in Musiktheorie und Komposition bei Friedrich Schneider ausgebildet. Seit 1849 Erster Violoncellist des Leipziger Gewandhausorchesters und Lehrer für Violoncello am dortigen Konservatorium, wechselte er 1860 als Kgl. Kammervirtuose nach Dresden, wo er als Mitglied des Hoforchesters, zwischenzeitlich zum Kgl. Prof. und Hofrat ernannt, bis zu seiner Versetzung in den Ruhestand (1902) blieb. "Grützmacher galt als einer der hervorragendsten Cellisten seiner Zeit und war ein produktiver Komponist und gesuchter Pädagoge [...] Grützmacher schrieb eine 'Hohe Schule des Violoncellspiels' (1891) und komponierte Vortrags- und Übungsstücke für Violoncello, Orchesterwerke, Kammermusik, Klavierstücke und Lieder" (DBE). - Mit kleinen Randläsuren und etwas fleckig.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Inlibris, Gilhofer Nfg. GmbH]
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        The Plays. Accurately printed from the text of the corrected copies left by the late George Steevens, and Edmund Malone, with Mr. Malones various readings; A Selection of Explanatory and Historical Notes, from the most eminent commentators; A History of the Stage, and a Life of Shakespeare; by Alexander Chalmers.

      London, Longman and Co. u.a., 1856.. New edition. 8 vols. 22 x 15 cm. Frontispiz, insgesamt ca. 3700 S. Lederbände der Zeit mit reichster floraler Rückenvergoldung, Deckelbordüre sowie Kanten- und floraler Innenkantenvergoldung, zwei goldgeprägten Rückenschildern und marmoriertem Schnitt.. Vorsätze braunfleckig, sonst sehr gut erhalten und sauber.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Manfred Nosbüsch]
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        Ann Sarah Davis (Toronto) four legal documents relating to her deceased husband (Robert Davis) and her inheritance issues as a women in 1856

      1856. No binding. A superb original collection of four legal documents demonstrating both the extremely limited and legally managed rights of women in the mid 19th century in Upper Canada. Starts with UK laws and legal procedure (first document) and links back to the legal elite in Toronto in 1856 (other 3 documents). It was not unusual for women to "give up their legal rights" but what is very unusual is to have 4 original historical documents demonstrating this as we offer here. The highly positioned UK legal Sir John Jervis, Toronto lawyers of the Robinsons in particular ( George William Allan, Walker Gibson Cassels in general) with their signatures, made sure women's legal poor rights were enforced where necessary. Lots more research opportunity with these!1st document: 8-1/2 x 9-1.2 inches on parchment.2nd document: 9-3/4 x 15-3/4 inches on parchment3rd document: 12 x 9-3/4 inches on parchment4th document: 13 x 9-3/4 inches on parchment 1st document: 8-1/2 x 9-1.2 inches on parchment. I, the Right Honorable Sir John Jervis Knight, Lord Chief Justice of her Majesty's Court of Common Pleas at Westminster, DO, by virtue of the Statue in the case made and provided appoint James Lukin Robinson, George William Allan, Walker Gibson Cassels and Thomas L Jali? all of Toronto West Canada Esquires or any two of them Special Commissioners, to take the acknowledgement of Ann Sarah the wife of Robert Davis now residing in Toronto aforesaid Esquire of any deed by which it is intended to pass the interest of her the said Ann Sarah as a Married Woman, pursuant to the Statute 3rd and 4th William IV. cap 74. AND I DO ORDER and DIRECT that the commission shall be executed and returned to the proper Officer of the Court, on or before the fist day of April 1856. (signed) John Jervis?? Victoria black stamp?2nd document: 9-3/4 x 15-3/4 inches on parchment. These are to certify that on the thirteenth day of May in the Year One Thousand eighteen hundred and fifty six before us James Lukin Robinson of the City of Toronto in the County of York and Province of Canada and Walter Gibson Cassels of the same place two of the commissioners specially appointed pursuant to An Act passed in the fourth year of the reign of his late Majesty King William the Fourth, intituled, "an Act for the Abolition of Fines and Recoveries, and for the Substitution of more simple Modes of Assurance," for taking the acknowledgement of any deed by Ann Sarah the wife of Robert Davis now residing in Toronto West Canada Esquire appeared personally the said Ann Sarah the wife of the said Robert Davis and produced a certain (initialed change) deed roll marked A bearing date the thirteenth day of (initialed change) May, One Thousand eighteen hundred and fifty six and under the hands and seals of the said Robert Davis and Ann Sarah his wife and acknowledged the same to be her act and deed: And we do hereby Certify, that the said Ann Sarah Davis was at the time of her acknowledgement the said deed of full age and competent understanding, and that she was examined by us apart from her husband, touching her knowledge of the contents of the said deed, and that se freely and voluntarily consents to the same. Signed J. Luke Robinson and Walter Cassels.3rd document: 12 x 9-3/4 inches on parchment Eward Shortiss, Notary Public document confirming James Lukin Robinson and John Beverly Robinson (the younger) has the authority to administer the Oaths at the City of Toronto, dated and sealed May 1856.4th document: 13 x 9-3/4 inches on parchment. Ann Sarah Davis acknowledged that: 1) She is the wife of Robert Davis, that she is of the full age of 21 years, and that she is of competent understanding.2) by signing the document she acknowledged that she will "pass her estate" 3) J. Lukin Robinson inquired of her if she intended to give up her interest in the estate, with no provision made for her in lieu thereof, and she declared that she intended to give up her interest in the estate. Robinson acknowledged that he would receive no gain or monetary compensation as a lawyer/agent/law clerk &c, by acting on her behalf in making this inquiry and filling out this declaration.The estate is noted at the bottom of the document as comprising "the manors, messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments in the will of John Hopkins Dare, deceased." Sir James Lukin Robinson, 2nd Baronet was a barrister of the Middle Temple while in London. John Beverly Robinson was the second eldest of these, his elder brothers. Sir James Lukin Robinson, Bart., who succeeded to the title of his father, holds a position in Osgoode Hall. Sir John Beverley Robinson, 1st Baronet , was a lawyer, judge and political figure in Upper Canada. He was a leading member of the Family Compact and of the Tory party of Upper Canada and chief justice of Upper Canada for 33 years (1829-1862). In 1812 Robinson received a commission under Gen. Sir Isaac Brock and was present at the capture of Ft. Detroit and at the battle at Queenston, where Brock lost his life. From late 1812 until the end of the war in 1815, Robinson was the acting attorney general of Upper Canada, and for much of this period he was the only crown officer in the province. Though often given to defending the status quo in political and social matters, Robinson acted in most cases with logic and common sense. A man of presence and of marked ability, he served the people of the colony ably for many years. He died at his home, Beverley House, in Toronto on Jan. 31, 1863. quoted from Your Dictionary BiographySir John Jervis was a Law Reformer, Author and Statesman. He introduced the Indictable Offences Act to English law. In 1848 he drafted three bills to reform the criminal and civil roles of a Justice of the Peace in England and Wales. One of these, The Indictable Offences Act, included the famous caution "You are not obliged to say anything unless you desire to do so, but whatever you say will be taken down in writing and may be given in evidence against you

      [Bookseller: Lord Durham Rare Books (IOBA)]
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        Le Passe-temps, journal hebdomadaire, tête de collection du n°1 du 3 mai 1856 au n°611 du 20 février 1864

      Originale.Reliures Edition half black sheepskin, flat spines decorated with fillets stamped cold, cover pages of handmade paper, binders époque.Nombreuses the contributions of Alexandre Dumas (The Page of the Duke of Savoy and Memoirs a policeman), Emile de Nangis, Henry Kock, Paul de Kock, Jules Janin, Charles Maquet, Luc Chardall Frank Munzel, Elie Berthet, Louis Chazerain Leon Beyne, Adrien Robert, Victor Percival, A. Gondrecourt, E. Gonzales, E. Bazard Xavier Montépin Ms. Ancelot Beauvallet Leon E. Douzens Gustave Aimard, Marquis of Foudras Edward Devicque Louis Digy Philibert Audebrand Albert Blanquet, Mortonval Paul Duplessis.Ce newspaper will end 1893.Chaque number of features a beautiful woodcut on the front page and other text in. At the end of each issue we find the "contemporary slippers" which describes through the years almost all the personalities of the time. Tables of contents and index of manuscripts pasted on contreplats biographies of each rare volume.Très set of this popular newspaper in a remarkable state of preservation. Le Passe-Temps, Ernest Bazard Paris 1856-1864 22,5x32cm 8 volumes reliés

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Stello

      Seventh edition original part as revised and corrected. Bound in black half shagreen, spine tooled raised for four boxes of double cold, flat black cardboard guards and contreplats paper bowl, contemporary binding. Rare autograph dedication signed and dated by the author to the Abbe Huc, who was one of the great missionaries of China and that Alfred de Vigny had great admiration "witness of veneration and devotion" Alfred de Vigny. "Some small foxing. Lib. nouvelle Paris 1856 13x21,5cm relié

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Histoires extraordinaires

      First edition of the French translation by Charles Baudelaire and why he did not come from large papers.Bound in half roan blue period. Smooth spine decorated with romantic four irons and a set of nets. Light areas of depigmentation on the back. Friction at the corners. Rare and pale foxing on first pages, copy fresh and nicely connected, which is unusual for this edition, connected mostly modestly.Poe's first book translated by Baudelaire, with his preface His life, his work, the first link in the conquest by Baudelaire its dual literary prose, designed to definitively establish the name of Charles Baudelaire alongside Poe. Michel Lévy frères Paris 1856 11x18cm relié

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        NANCHOU GAISHI BUYUDEN

      First edition, rare, illustrated by 35 engravings, including many double-page, black, gray and white (many in ink wash of black and gray). The title can be translated as: History of the brave Southern Court.10 volumes stitched accordion. 3 different covers printed, the first set includes three volumes, the second and third 3 4 Friction. 2 volumes with gallery to high margin, one with a gallery in the center of the book, reaching the engravings.Many scenes of particularly violent fights with decapitations and geysers of blood; court scenes. The design is remarkably Sadahide end and searched, black and gray wash adding depth and contrast. Sadahide Edo 1856 10 Vol. (14,5x23cm) cousu

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Ann Sarah Davis (Toronto) four legal documents relating to her deceased husband (Robert Davis) and her inheritance issues as a women in 1856

      1856. No binding. A superb original collection of four legal documents demonstrating both the extremely limited and legally managed rights of women in the mid 19th century in Upper Canada. Starts with UK laws and legal procedure (first document) and links back to the legal elite in Toronto in 1856 (other 3 documents). It was not unusual for women to "give up their legal rights" but what is very unusual is to have 4 original historical documents demonstrating this as we offer here. The highly positioned UK legal Sir John Jervis, Toronto lawyers of the Robinsons in particular ( George William Allan, Walker Gibson Cassels in general) with their signatures, made sure women's legal poor rights were enforced where necessary. Lots more research opportunity with these!1st document: 8-1/2 x 9-1.2 inches on parchment.2nd document: 9-3/4 x 15-3/4 inches on parchment3rd document: 12 x 9-3/4 inches on parchment4th document: 13 x 9-3/4 inches on parchment 1st document: 8-1/2 x 9-1.2 inches on parchment. I, the Right Honorable Sir John Jervis Knight, Lord Chief Justice of her Majesty's Court of Common Pleas at Westminster, DO, by virtue of the Statue in the case made and provided appoint James Lukin Robinson, George William Allan, Walker Gibson Cassels and Thomas L Jali? all of Toronto West Canada Esquires or any two of them Special Commissioners, to take the acknowledgement of Ann Sarah the wife of Robert Davis now residing in Toronto aforesaid Esquire of any deed by which it is intended to pass the interest of her the said Ann Sarah as a Married Woman, pursuant to the Statute 3rd and 4th William IV. cap 74. AND I DO ORDER and DIRECT that the commission shall be executed and returned to the proper Officer of the Court, on or before the fist day of April 1856. (signed) John Jervis?? Victoria black stamp?2nd document: 9-3/4 x 15-3/4 inches on parchment. These are to certify that on the thirteenth day of May in the Year One Thousand eighteen hundred and fifty six before us James Lukin Robinson of the City of Toronto in the County of York and Province of Canada and Walter Gibson Cassels of the same place two of the commissioners specially appointed pursuant to An Act passed in the fourth year of the reign of his late Majesty King William the Fourth, intituled, "an Act for the Abolition of Fines and Recoveries, and for the Substitution of more simple Modes of Assurance," for taking the acknowledgement of any deed by Ann Sarah the wife of Robert Davis now residing in Toronto West Canada Esquire appeared personally the said Ann Sarah the wife of the said Robert Davis and produced a certain (initialed change) deed roll marked A bearing date the thirteenth day of (initialed change) May, One Thousand eighteen hundred and fifty six and under the hands and seals of the said Robert Davis and Ann Sarah his wife and acknowledged the same to be her act and deed: And we do hereby Certify, that the said Ann Sarah Davis was at the time of her acknowledgement the said deed of full age and competent understanding, and that she was examined by us apart from her husband, touching her knowledge of the contents of the said deed, and that se freely and voluntarily consents to the same. Signed J. Luke Robinson and Walter Cassels.3rd document: 12 x 9-3/4 inches on parchment Eward Shortiss, Notary Public document confirming James Lukin Robinson and John Beverly Robinson (the younger) has the authority to administer the Oaths at the City of Toronto, dated and sealed May 1856.4th document: 13 x 9-3/4 inches on parchment. Ann Sarah Davis acknowledged that: 1) She is the wife of Robert Davis, that she is of the full age of 21 years, and that she is of competent understanding.2) by signing the document she acknowledged that she will "pass her estate" 3) J. Lukin Robinson inquired of her if she intended to give up her interest in the estate, with no provision made for her in lieu thereof, and she declared that she intended to give up her interest in the estate. Robinson acknowledged that he would receive no gain or monetary compensation as a lawyer/agent/law clerk &c, by acting on her behalf in making this inquiry and filling out this declaration.The estate is noted at the bottom of the document as comprising "the manors, messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments in the will of John Hopkins Dare, deceased." Sir James Lukin Robinson, 2nd Baronet was a barrister of the Middle Temple while in London. John Beverly Robinson was the second eldest of these, his elder brothers. Sir James Lukin Robinson, Bart., who succeeded to the title of his father, holds a position in Osgoode Hall. Sir John Beverley Robinson, 1st Baronet , was a lawyer, judge and political figure in Upper Canada. He was a leading member of the Family Compact and of the Tory party of Upper Canada and chief justice of Upper Canada for 33 years (1829-1862). In 1812 Robinson received a commission under Gen. Sir Isaac Brock and was present at the capture of Ft. Detroit and at the battle at Queenston, where Brock lost his life. From late 1812 until the end of the war in 1815, Robinson was the acting attorney general of Upper Canada, and for much of this period he was the only crown officer in the province. Though often given to defending the status quo in political and social matters, Robinson acted in most cases with logic and common sense. A man of presence and of marked ability, he served the people of the colony ably for many years. He died at his home, Beverley House, in Toronto on Jan. 31, 1863. quoted from Your Dictionary BiographySir John Jervis was a Law Reformer, Author and Statesman. He introduced the Indictable Offences Act to English law. In 1848 he drafted three bills to reform the criminal and civil roles of a Justice of the Peace in England and Wales. One of these, The Indictable Offences Act, included the famous caution "You are not obliged to say anything unless you desire to do so, but whatever you say will be taken down in writing and may be given in evidence against you

      [Bookseller: Lord Durham Rare Books (IOBA)]
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        TRATADO DE PATOLOGIA QUIRURGICA.

      - Madrid. Bailly-Bailliere. 1856-59, 14X19, 7 Tomos: 3 hojas, 424 págs; 2 hojas, 523 págs. 480 págs. 415 págs. 567 págs. 595 págs 1 hoja 1069 págs, 1 hoja. Numerosos grabados en el texto. Los 7 tomos encuadernados en 5 volúmenes en plena piel (pasta española) con dorados en lomera. Augusto Nelaton (1807-1873), Medico Francés que contribuyó a introducir varias innovaciones instrumentales y terapéuticas. Por ejemplo, la sonda exploratoria y la sonda que lleva su nombre. (55944).

      [Bookseller: Librería J. Cintas]
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        Manuscript - Swiss Apothecary Recipe Journal - Opium as a Sedative

      Switzerland, 1856. Nineteenth Century Medicine Opium as a Sedative 1856 Geneva, 1856 Manuscript journal of apothecary recipes, several to a page, with ownership signature of Swiss pharmacist G. Haldenwang. Text is mostly in French with some Latin. 8vo. 140 pages, plus alphabetical index. Half green leather over brown continental boards, leafs watermarked "O. Berne" by a Swiss papermaker. Placed within the volume is an additional string-tied set of 52 manuscript recipes in French, seven leafs or cuttings with miscellaneous recipe notes (one of which is an ANS), and 2 printed recipes in German. Slight wear to extremities, mild foxing, otherwise very good condition, a comprehensive work in a neat hand. A nineteenth century pharmacist's eclectic compilation of recipes, innumerable natural remedy treatments for human ailments, the lot comprising a vast list of plants from around the globe, and some minerals, this extensive work is a fine representation of nineteenth century medicine, dealing specifically with pharmaceutical interest. The pharmacist names some important contemporary physicians and chemists, and includes the occasional digressive material such as how to make fireworks of various colours, a fragrant liqueur, vinegar, soaps and other bathing solutions. One of the recipes is penned on the verso of a postcard invitation addressed to Mr. Haldenwang, and dated 1892, suggesting that he was a practicing pharmacist for at least 35 years. The string-tied leaflet contains a recipe for the opium based "Liquor sedativus Battley". [Popular at the time, Battley's Sedative Solution was a patented, mixture containing opium sherry, alcohol, calcium hydrate, and distilled water. By the 19th century, laudanum (a tincture of opium) was used in many patent medicines to relieve pain, induce sleep, and relieve irritation. Opium derivatives were among the most effective of the limited available treatments, and as such was widely prescribed for anything from the common cold to meningitis to cardiac disease, in both adults and children. Laudanum was used in home remedies and prescriptions, as well as a single medication. It was used during the yellow fever epidemic.] Too many to list, the following are samples from the volume's contents: Dragée de copahu [Copahu gets its name from the Tupi language, spoken in Brazil. It is obtained from the copahu tree, a resinous tree native to South America and West Africa. Copahu balm is a resinous oil obtained by making incisions in the tree. Amazonian Indians used it as a poultice for its therapeutic, healing effects.] Eau sédative de Raspail [François-Vincent Raspail, (1794-1878) was a French chemist, naturalist, physician, socialist politician, and one of the founders of the cell theory in biology.] Siniment. edontalgie. Dr. Pugnet [Jean Pugnet (1765-1846) was a philanthropic military physician from Biel/Bienne, whom was sent by Napoleon Bonaparte to the West Indies to study yellow fever] Syrup amygdal [The amygdalae are considered part of the limbic system, and perform a primary role in the processing of memory, decision-making, and emotional reactions] Solution pour bains de Barèges artificiels [a bathing solution intended to emulate the natural sulphurous waters of the Pyrènées mountains] Syrup capillor veneris [From a fern plant used medicinally by Native Americans for rheumatism, certain insect stings, and insanity] Tabul. Santonin [An anthelminthic, a drug which was widely used to expel parasitic worms from the body] Formules de Dr. Lambossy à Nyon [Dr. J. M. Lambossy was a physician in Nyon near Geneva, who wrote a work on leg ulcers and varices] Aqua antihysteric Aqua vitae gallic Aqua coloniensis Balsam Tioravens Cold-Cream Chocolade a lich. islandic Gelatin lichen Huile pour l'atrophie - Dr. Wispard Sacea Sigillaria Siniment. stromal Glanz-firnis (gloss varnish) Pillul. Dzondi [Karl Heinrich Dzondi (1770-1835) was a German physician] Paraguay roux China pomade Coeruleamentum Syrup Mesembryanthemum crystallinum Bleichsuchtpulver (Chlorosis powder) Limonade purgative Liqueur Aromatique - Rassart Siminent. arthritic Solution de nitrate ou magnésie (Pharmacie W-Jo. à Neufchâtel) Feux de Bengale [Fireworks of various colours] One of the German printed recipes is titled "Recept zur Selbstbewertung eines guten Nusswassers und Quittenliqueurs" [Recipe for a good home-made nut water and quince liqueur]. The early 19th century was a turning point in the knowledge and use of medicinal plants. Marking the beginning of scientific pharmacy alkaloids were discovered and isolated from poppy (1806), ipecacuanha (1817), strychnos (1817), quinine (1820), pomegranate (1878), and other plants, followed by the isolation of glycosides. With the upgrading of the chemical methods, other active substances from medicinal plants were also discovered such as tannins, saponosides, etheric oils, vitamins, hormones, and so forth. By the mid-19th century the majority of medicinal treatments took the form of produced powders, tonics, teas, poultices, syrups, and washes made primarily from plant extracts. Common beliefs in this period maintained that removing symptoms would remove the disease, and that the body needed to be "cleansed" for certain treatments, thus by inducing vomiting, practicing bloodletting, and so forth. Historically, an apothecary was a medical professional who formulated and dispensed materia medica to physicians, surgeons and patients. Many recipes included herbs, minerals, and pieces of animals (meats, fats, skins) that were ingested, rubbed on the body, or used as aromatherapy. In addition to pharmacy responsibilities, the apothecary offered general medical advice and a range of services that are now performed solely by other specialist practitioners, such as surgery and midwifery. Apothecaries often operated through a retail shop which, in addition to ingredients for medicines, sold tobacco and patent medicines. By the 18th century, the medicinal properties of opium and laudanum were well known. Several physicians, including John Jones, John Brown, and George Young, the latter of whom published a comprehensive medical text entitled Treatise on Opium extolled the virtues of laudanum and recommended the drug for practically every ailment. "Opium, and after 1820, morphine, was mixed with everything imaginable: mercury, hashish, cayenne pepper, ether, chloroform, belladonna, whiskey, wine and brandy." By the 19th century, laudanum (a tincture of opium) was used in many patent medicines to relieve pain, induce sleep, and relieve irritation. Opium derivatives were among the most effective of the limited available treatments, and as such was widely prescribed for anything from the common cold to meningitis to cardiac disease, in both adults and children. Laudanum was used in home remedies and prescriptions, as well as a single medication. It was used during the yellow fever epidemic. Toward the middle 20th century, the use of opiates was generally limited to the treatment of pain, and opium was no longer a medically accepted "cure-all". . Very Good.

      [Bookseller: Voyager Press Rare Books & Manuscripts, ]
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        Miscellanies: Prose and Verse

      1857 - London - Bradbury and Evans, 1856 Book. Very Good. Hardcover. A bright four volume set of William Makepeace Thackeray's Miscellanies. Bound in cloth with gilt lettering and blindstamped decoration. Volumes II and III are dated 1856. Volumes I and IV are dated 1857. William Makepeace Thackeray, 1811 1863, was an English novelist of the 19th century. He was famous for his satirical works, particularly Vanity Fair, a panoramic portrait of English society. After his education, Thackeray travelled Europe, and then squandered his inheritance on gambling and unfortunate business enterprises. He turned to art, which he studied in Paris, but did not pursue the profession. After marrying Isabella Shawe, Thackeray took to writing and journalism to support himself and his family. His novels became moderately successful, along with his works for magazines such as Frasers Magazine, Foreign Quartley Review, Punch and the Morning Chornicle. It was not until later, with the publication of Vanity Fair and Henry Esmond, that Thackerays reputation grew. Condition: The bindings are generallytight and firm. There is mild wear to the extremities, including mildbumping and discolouration. Internally the pages are bright with intermittent spots. Overall the condition is very good..

      [Bookseller: Rooke Books]
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        4 eigenh. Briefe m. Unterschrift.

      Innsbruck bzw. ohne Ort, 1856-1865 bzw. o. J.. Zus. 6 S., Kl.-8° bis 4°.. [An den österr. Chemiker u. Mineralogen Anton Schrötter von Kristelli (1802-1875)]. - "Der im böhmischen Reichenberg geborene Heinrich Hlasiwetz erlernte die Pharmazie, studierte darauf an den Universitäten Jena, Wien und Prag, wurde 1849 Assistent Friedrich Rochleders, 1851 außerordentlicher und 1854 ordentlicher Professor der Chemie in Innsbruck. Hier errichtete er ein chemisches Laboratorium und wirkte mit großem Erfolg als Lehrer und Forscher. 1867 folgte er einem Ruf als Professor der chemischen Technologie an der Technischen Hochschule in Wien, und 1869 vertauschte er diese Lehrkanzel mit der für allgemeine Chemie. 1873 übernahm er das Referat für technische Hochschulen im Unterrichtsministerium. Hlasiwetz hat ungemein zahlreiche Untersuchungen, namentlich auf dem Gebiet der organischen Chemie, geliefert. Besonders bemerkenswert sind seine Arbeiten über Buchenteerkreosot, Harze, Gerbsäuren, Phloroglucin, über Alkaloide, Zuckerarten und Eiweißstoffe [..]" (Wikipedia). --- Der in Olmütz geborene Anton Schrötter, Sohn eines Apothekers, studierte ab 1822 zunächst auf Wunsch seines Vaters in Wien Medizin, wechselte dann aber unter dem Einfluss von Friedrich Mohs zu den naturwissenschaftlichen Fächern, speziell der Mineralogie. 1827 erhielt er eine Assistentenstelle für Physik und Mathematik an der Universität Wien. 1830 wurde er Professor für Physik und Chemie am Technischen Institut Joanneum in Graz. Während eines halbjährigen Urlaubs im Jahre 1838 besuchte er chemische Institute in Göttingen, Heidelberg, Frankfurt und Paris. In Gießen machte er sich bei Justus von Liebig mit der organischen Elementaranalyse vertraut. Ab 1843 arbeitete er als Professor für technische Chemie am Polytechnischen Institut der Universität Wien und übernahm dort 1845 die Professur für allgemeine Chemie. Schrötter war neben Baumgartner, Ettingshausen und Haidinger einer der Begründer der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien und wurde 1850 ihr Generalsekretär. Die Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina wählte Schrötter 1856 zu ihrem Mitglied. Ab 1868 leitete er das österreichische Hauptmünzamt und wurde gleichzeitig zum Ministerialrat ernannt. Er wurde 1874 in den Ruhestand versetzt und eröffnete in seiner Wohnung ein Privatlaboratorium, in dem er Studien über Edelmetalle betrieb. 1875 starb er in Wien. Schrötter hat in seinem Leben ca. 60 wissenschaftliche Publikationen verfasst. Ab 1845 beschäftigte Schrötter sich intensiv mit Phosphor. 1848 gelang ihm der Nachweis der schon von Berzelius geäußerten Vermutung, dass roter Phosphor eine allotrope Modifikation des weißen Phosphors, nicht aber eine Phosphorverbindung ist. Schrötter wandelte weißen Phosphor durch Erhitzen in roten um, den man zeitweise Schrötterschen Phosphor nannte. Sein Verfahren zur Darstellung desselben revolutionierte die Streichholzindustrie, wo roter Phosphor schon bald als Bestandteil der Reibflächen genutzt wurde. Er war ein Organisator in Industrie und Wissenschaft sowie Berater bei den Vorbereitungen zur Novara-Expedition und zur Österreich-Ungarischen Nordpolexpedition. - Tlw. kl. Knickspuren bzw. Randläsuren. Ein Brief m. kl. Randausriß (ohne Textverlust). -

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Wolfgang Friebes]
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        Recuerdos y Bellezas de España. Obra destinada a dar a conocer sus monumentos y antigüedades y vistas pintorescas en láminas dibujadas del natural y litografiadas por F. J. Parcerisa. Acompañadas de texto por P. Piferrer.

      Madrid, Imprenta de Repullés, 1839 1856 - Fol. (30 x 21, 2 cm.) 10 vols. magníficamente encuadernados en holandesa puntas de época, lomo con hierros y título en oro, cabeza y cortes dorados. Frontis y portadas en cromolitografía, numerosas litografías a toda plana, y capitulares cromolitografiadas. Ejemplares en perfecto estado, muy limpios. Francisco Javier Parcerisa, pintor y litógrafo, fue miembro de la Comisión Real de los Monumentos Históricos y Artísticos y miembro correspondiente de la Academia de Bellas Artes de Sant Jordi, de Barcelona. Concibió la idea de Recuerdos y Bellezas de España con la idea de compilar y editar una gran obra que recogiera las principales bellezas artísticas de los distintos rincones de España –monumentos, artes y antigüedades– en una serie de volúmenes, cubriendo cada uno de ellos una región distinta del país. Acompañada siempre de textos de los mejores literatos del momento. Parcerisa se inspiró en el francés Alexandre de Laborde, en el escocés David Roberts y otros dibujantes de la época. La envergadura de esta empresa ponía serios impedimentos a su realización. Pero su tenaz voluntad hizo realidad esta obra. Asociado en primer lugar con Piferrer y luego con José María Quadrado, Pí y Margall y Pedro de Madrazo, quienes se encargaron de la parte literaria, se inició este proyecto en el que Parcerisa se encargó de ejecutar la ilustración él mismo con ayuda de Vicente Urrabieta y Ramón Puiggarí y los litógrafos Isla, Molina y Andreas Léopold. Muchas de estas vistas de España fueron tomadas del natural, con una visión original y libre en el tratamiento de la luz y la perspectiva aérea. Se inició su publicación en 1839 ilustrada con 588 litografías. Mientras la obra fue creciendo, se fue publicando por entregas quincenales mediante suscripción. La obra sufrió diferentes carencias y vicisitudes. Parcerisa aceptó la ayuda ajena para terminar los últimos dos volúmenes y aun así le faltó el apoyo necesario, lo cual le hizo dejar el proyecto inconcluso. Cataluña (2 vols.), Aragón, Reino de Granada, Castilla la Nueva (2 vols.), Asturias y León, Córdoba, Sevilla y Cádiz, Mallorca. Ejemplar excepcional, muy bien encuadernado, muy limpio. Se publicaron dos volúmenes más, los correspondientes a la entonces denominada Castilla La Vieja, que no están presentes. Palau, 252871 [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Delirium Books · Susana Bardón]
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        Reise um die Erde nach Japan an Bord der Expeditions-Escadre unter Commodore M. C. Perry in den Jahren 1853, 1854 und 1855, unternommen im Auftrage der Regierung der Vereinigten Staaten. Mit zehn vom Verfasser nach der Natur aufgenommenen Ansichten in Tondruck ausgeführt in Holzschnitt von Eduard Kretzschmar.

      Leipzig, New York Hermann Constenoble, Carl F. Günther, 1856.. Deutsche EA. 2 Bde. Gr8°. 321 S. / 375 S. O-Percaline. Lesefaden. Kopffarbschnitt. Marmorierter Schnitt. Lesefaden. Seiten teils stockfleckig, die Tafel-Abbildungen jedoch weitgehend sauber. Gut erhaltene Bände..

      [Bookseller: SIGNUM Antiquariat]
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        [New Testament in High Wenli]

      Canton: London Missionary Society,, 1856. Delegates version. Octavo (225 x 134 mm). Original stitched dark buff wrappers. Housed in a cream phase box. From the Howell Bible Collection, Pacific School of Religion. A few light creases and small nicks to the darkened wrappers, margins of text block toned. An excellent copy. An early printing of the Delegates' version of the New Testament in High Wenli, the first edition of which was published in Shanghai in 1852. Referred to as the Delegates' version due to the cooperative approach to the translation work: several missions were involved, and each would appoint a delegate to join a general committee of revision to vote on the final text. This particular version was undertaken by W. H. Mehurst (London Missionary Society), W. J. Boone (American Episcopal Mission), W. M. Lowrie (American Presbyterian Mission), John Stronach (London Mission Society), E. C. Bridgman (American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions), as well as several Chinese scholars, including Wang Tao. The Delegates' version of the Bible was the principal translation throughout the latter half of the 19th century, before it was displaced by the Union Mandarin version published in 1919.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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        Die Entwickelungs-Geschichte von Petromyzon Planeri. Eine von der Holländischen Societät der Wissenschaften zu Haarlem im Jahre 1856 gekrönte Preisschrift.

      . Ohne Ort und Jahr (Haarlem, Lossjes, 1856, (2), 49, (1) pp., mit 8 farblith. Taf., Halbeinenband um 1900 mit goldgeprägtem Rückentitel und marmor. deckelbezügen; Tafeln fleckig, leicht gebräuntes, breitrandiges Exemplar.. First Edition of Max Johann Sigismund Schultze's (1825-1874) "Major contribution to the study of the comparative embryology of fishes" was this "first substantive description of lamprey development was that of Schultze (1856), who amongst other observations demonstrated the somewhat unequal holoblastic cleavage of the egg". John P. Wourms : The Rise of Fish Embryology in the Nineteenth Century. AMER. ZOOL., 37 (1997): pp.269-310

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat für Medizin - Fritz-Dieter S]
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        John A MacDonald initialed and written address on cover Toronto May 1856 with legal resolution document content, (Judiciary system of Canada West legislation)

      1856. 1st Edition. No binding. Very Good. WHEN JOHN A. MACDONALD WAS ATTORNEY GENERAL OF CANADA WESTAuthentic original May 6 1856 cover and legal contents with signed initials and address in hand. Both sides of cover and initials with document contents inclosed. Stampless government official free rate, signed with JAMD AG initials in LL corner. (AG =Attorney General of Canada West) Addressed to: J Linton Esq , Clerk of the Peace, Stratford , CW. Postmarked: LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY CANADA MAY 6 1856 (located at Toronto) Pence issues period stampless cover with contents. Size of cover as is: 8 1/4" x 4 1/4" Laid blue paper.(reduced from a 9 1/2" x 4 1/4" original stationery envelope--similar in size to a modern no 10 envelope). Envelope is reduced by approximately 1 1/4" (32mm) at right where opened. 2 horizontal creases across the entire in lower portion. Several closed tears at top (incl 20mm to right of postmark, 15mm in center); Torn Back flap. Backstamped: Stratford MY 7 1856.The Legislative Assembly was located at Toronto, Canada West in the old Parliament of Upper Canada Buildings facing Front Street ,east of Simcoe St and west of John St. John A MacDonald's Attorney General's office was located in the old York Hospital building in the block Northwest of King St and John St where this document and or its contents would likely have originated (today's location of the Bell Lightbox film center and the Festival condominium tower). CONTENTS: (Original printed document by the Queen's Printer) 'Resolutions to be moved in the Committee of the Whole by the Hon. Mr. Attorney General Macdonald on Wednesday the 7th of May 1856' (Judiciary system of Canada West legislation) CONDITION NOTES FOR DOCUMENT CONTENTS: some separation along the folds. Writing Docketing appears to be by Stratford County Court clerk's office at time of receipt. 18 days later on May 24 1856, John A MacDonald became the most powerful politician in Canada for the first time. On that date he assumed the leadership of the conservatives and the position as joint premier of Canada.In 1856 as the member of Parliament for Kingston and Attorney General for Canada West, John A MacDonald rose for the first time to the most powerful position in Canadian politics replacing Allan McNab on May 24 as the Canada West joint Premier of the Province of Canada. (The Province of Canada was made up of what is today Ontario and Quebec) MacDonald's rise to leader followed heated debates and disagreements during April and May including within his own party's coalition. One of the notable disagreements in those months was regarding the frequent moving of the Legislature among cities. The assembly was deadlocked in disagreement for choosing a future location for the capital. It was at McDonald's urging, a new procedure that involved asking Queen Victoria to choose, that lead to the permanent choice of Ottawa in 1857. The events of the winter-spring legislative session of 1856 at Toronto were the beginning of Macdonald's permanent position as head of the conservatives. No doubt the course was now set for Canada's formation as an independent country under the dominant influence of Canada's foremost Father of Confederation.Sir John A MacDonald was the first Prime Minister of the Dominion of Canada from 1867 to 1873 and 1878 to 1891. He was Attorney General of Canada West from 1854 to 1858, 1858 to 1862 and from 1864 to 1867.

      [Bookseller: Lord Durham Rare Books (IOBA)]
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        MES LIRICO DE MARIA LOS CANCIONEROS DE MONTSERRAT

      Imprenta de José Orgas - Barcelona. 1856. Holandesa con puntas. 289Pág+3h. 24X18. Profusamente ilustrado de grabados musicales. Primera edición con letra y música. Bella obra y rara. Ref 9.6 Biblioteca A. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Libreria Anticuaria Marc & Antiques]
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        Portrait photo by Maull and Polyblank. Matted

      London, 1856. Hill, Rowland (1795-1879). Reformer who originated the basic concepts of the modern postal service, including the postage stamp; author of Post Office Reform (1837; Printing and the Mind of Man 306a), which resulted in a comprehensive reform of the British postal service. 1857. 200 x 148 mm.; mount measures 297 x 248 mm.

      [Bookseller: Jeremy Norman's Historyofscience.com]
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        Carta Esférica De Una Parte De La Isla De Sto Domingo Con Los Desemboques Al N. De La Misma.

      1856 - Madrid, 1856, 920 x 590mm. A detailed sea-chart of part of Santo Domingo, marking reefs and sandbanks, with wrapped edges and lighthouses picked out in red and yellow.

      [Bookseller: Altea Antique Maps]
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        Eigenh. Brief m. Unterschrift.

      London, British Museum, 10. XII. 1856.. 2 S., 4°.. An den österr. Chemiker u. Mineralogen Anton Schrötter von Kristelli (1802-1875). - Owen "wird nach Charles Darwin als zweitbedeutendster Naturforscher des Viktorianischen Zeitalters angesehen [...]. Er schrieb bedeutende Arbeiten zur vergleichenden Osteologie und Odontologie der Wirbeltiere. Während seiner Untersuchungen an in Großbritannien gefunden Reptilenfossilien prägte er 1841 den Begriff Dinosauria'. Im darauf folgenden Jahr revidierte er Georges Cuviers Gruppen der Wiederkäuer (Ruminantia) und der Dickhäuter (Pachydermata) und ersetzte diese durch die noch heute gebräuchlichen Untergruppen der Paarhufer (Artiodactyla) und Unpaarhufer (Perissodactyla). 1843 führte Owen den Begriff der Homologie ein und trennte ihn vom ähnlichen Begriff der Analogie. Unter Anwendung seines Homologie-Prinzips konstruierte Owen einen abstrakten Archetypus', anhand dessen er die Entwicklung der Wirbeltiere teleologisch erklärte. Während seines Wirkens als Superintendent der naturgeschichtlichen Sammlung des Britischen Museums setzte er sich für die Errichtung eines unabhängigen Naturgeschichtsmuseums, dem heutigen Natural History Museum, ein, dessen erster Direktor er bis 1883 war" (Wikipedia). --- Der in Olmütz geborene Anton Schrötter, Sohn eines Apothekers, studierte ab 1822 zunächst auf Wunsch seines Vaters in Wien Medizin, wechselte dann aber unter dem Einfluss von Friedrich Mohs zu den naturwissenschaftlichen Fächern, speziell der Mineralogie. 1827 erhielt er eine Assistentenstelle für Physik und Mathematik an der Universität Wien. 1830 wurde er Professor für Physik und Chemie am Technischen Institut Joanneum in Graz. Während eines halbjährigen Urlaubs im Jahre 1838 besuchte er chemische Institute in Göttingen, Heidelberg, Frankfurt und Paris. In Gießen machte er sich bei Justus von Liebig mit der organischen Elementaranalyse vertraut. Ab 1843 arbeitete er als Professor für technische Chemie am Polytechnischen Institut der Universität Wien und übernahm dort 1845 die Professur für allgemeine Chemie. Schrötter war neben Baumgartner, Ettingshausen und Haidinger einer der Begründer der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien und wurde 1850 ihr Generalsekretär. Die Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina wählte Schrötter 1856 zu ihrem Mitglied. Ab 1868 leitete er das österreichische Hauptmünzamt und wurde gleichzeitig zum Ministerialrat ernannt. Er wurde 1874 in den Ruhestand versetzt und eröffnete in seiner Wohnung ein Privatlaboratorium, in dem er Studien über Edelmetalle betrieb. 1875 starb er in Wien. Schrötter hat in seinem Leben ca. 60 wissenschaftliche Publikationen verfasst. Ab 1845 beschäftigte Schrötter sich intensiv mit Phosphor. 1848 gelang ihm der Nachweis der schon von Berzelius geäußerten Vermutung, dass roter Phosphor eine allotrope Modifikation des weißen Phosphors, nicht aber eine Phosphorverbindung ist. Schrötter wandelte weißen Phosphor durch Erhitzen in roten um, den man zeitweise Schrötterschen Phosphor nannte. Sein Verfahren zur Darstellung desselben revolutionierte die Streichholzindustrie, wo roter Phosphor schon bald als Bestandteil der Reibflächen genutzt wurde. Er war ein Organisator in Industrie und Wissenschaft sowie Berater bei den Vorbereitungen zur Novara-Expedition und zur Österreich-Ungarischen Nordpolexpedition. - Ränder m. kl. Knickspuren. -

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Wolfgang Friebes]
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        John A MacDonald initialed and written address on cover Toronto May 1856 with legal resolution document content, (Judiciary system of Canada West legislation)

      1856. 1st Edition. No binding. Very Good. WHEN JOHN A. MACDONALD WAS ATTORNEY GENERAL OF CANADA WESTAuthentic original May 6 1856 cover and legal contents with signed initials and address in hand. Both sides of cover and initials with document contents inclosed. Stampless government official free rate, signed with JAMD AG initials in LL corner. (AG =Attorney General of Canada West) Addressed to: J Linton Esq , Clerk of the Peace, Stratford , CW. Postmarked: LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY CANADA MAY 6 1856 (located at Toronto) Pence issues period stampless cover with contents. Size of cover as is: 8 1/4" x 4 1/4" Laid blue paper.(reduced from a 9 1/2" x 4 1/4" original stationery envelope--similar in size to a modern no 10 envelope). Envelope is reduced by approximately 1 1/4" (32mm) at right where opened. 2 horizontal creases across the entire in lower portion. Several closed tears at top (incl 20mm to right of postmark, 15mm in center); Torn Back flap. Backstamped: Stratford MY 7 1856.The Legislative Assembly was located at Toronto, Canada West in the old Parliament of Upper Canada Buildings facing Front Street ,east of Simcoe St and west of John St. John A MacDonald's Attorney General's office was located in the old York Hospital building in the block Northwest of King St and John St where this document and or its contents would likely have originated (today's location of the Bell Lightbox film center and the Festival condominium tower). CONTENTS: (Original printed document by the Queen's Printer) 'Resolutions to be moved in the Committee of the Whole by the Hon. Mr. Attorney General Macdonald on Wednesday the 7th of May 1856' (Judiciary system of Canada West legislation) CONDITION NOTES FOR DOCUMENT CONTENTS: some separation along the folds. Writing Docketing appears to be by Stratford County Court clerk's office at time of receipt. 18 days later on May 24 1856, John A MacDonald became the most powerful politician in Canada for the first time. On that date he assumed the leadership of the conservatives and the position as joint premier of Canada.In 1856 as the member of Parliament for Kingston and Attorney General for Canada West, John A MacDonald rose for the first time to the most powerful position in Canadian politics replacing Allan McNab on May 24 as the Canada West joint Premier of the Province of Canada. (The Province of Canada was made up of what is today Ontario and Quebec) MacDonald's rise to leader followed heated debates and disagreements during April and May including within his own party's coalition. One of the notable disagreements in those months was regarding the frequent moving of the Legislature among cities. The assembly was deadlocked in disagreement for choosing a future location for the capital. It was at McDonald's urging, a new procedure that involved asking Queen Victoria to choose, that lead to the permanent choice of Ottawa in 1857. The events of the winter-spring legislative session of 1856 at Toronto were the beginning of Macdonald's permanent position as head of the conservatives. No doubt the course was now set for Canada's formation as an independent country under the dominant influence of Canada's foremost Father of Confederation.Sir John A MacDonald was the first Prime Minister of the Dominion of Canada from 1867 to 1873 and 1878 to 1891. He was Attorney General of Canada West from 1854 to 1858, 1858 to 1862 and from 1864 to 1867.

      [Bookseller: Lord Durham Rare Books (IOBA)]
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