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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1846

        Ensayo sobre el principio de la poblacion. Traduccion de los senores D. José Maria Noguera Y D. Joaquin Miquel. Bajo la direccion del doctor Don Eusebio María del Valle.

      Madrid, 1846. 8vo. Very nice recent hcalf in old style w. gilt spine and gilt red title-label. Minor soiling to half-title, and very minor occasional brownspotting, otherwise very nice and clean. XXXI, (1), 384, (6, Indice & Advertencia).. Rare first Spanish edition of this political and economic classic, which constitutes Malthus' first major publication and his main work, because of which he is considered the father of demography and one of the main sources of inspiration for Darwin and Wallace. The Spanish translation caused much debate and created both fervent admirers and violent protests.The first edition was printed anonymously in London in 1798, and in 1803 the second edition, which, also according to Malthus himself, can be said to constitute a new work, appeared; -the great quarto edition from 1803 is thoroughly revised and much enlarged, the title has been changed and Malthus' name appears on the title-page for the first time, it is on this edition that all the preceding editions are based, and in consequence also the early translations. All the later editions were minor revisions of the second one. This first and most influential book on population is now, as it was when it appeared, considered highly controversial, and it has influenced all demographers ever since, as well as being of immense importance to the study of economic theory and genetic inheritance. "The "Essay" was highly influential in the progress of thought in the early nineteenth-century Europe.... "Parson" Malthus, as Cobbett dubbed him, was for many, a monster and his views were often grossly misinterpreted.... But his influence on social policy, whether for good or evil, was considerable. The Malthusian theory of population came at the right time to harden the existing feeling against the Poor Laws and Malthus was a leading spirit behind the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834." (PMM 251).Thomas Robert Malthus (1766-1834), called the "enfant terrible" of the economists, was an English demographer, statistician and political economist, who is best known for his groundbreaking views on population growth, presented in his "Essays on the Principle of Population", which is based on his own prediction that population would outrun food supply, causing poverty and starvation. Among other things this caused the legislation, which lowered the population of the poor in England. Malthus actually turned political, economic and social thought upside down with this work, which has caused him to be considered one of the 100 most influential persons in history (Hart, The 100: A Ranking of the most Influential Persons in History, 1978). Of course, he was condemned by Marx and Engels, and opposed by the socialists universally, but the work was of immense impact on not only politics, economics, social sciences etc, but also on natural sciences. "Later in the "Origin of Species" he [Darwin] wrote that the struggle for existence "is the doctrine of Malthus applied with manifold force to the whole animal and vegetable kingdoms; for in this case there can be no artificial increase of food, and no prudential restraint from marriage" [p. 63]. Alfred Russel Wallace, who arrived at a worked-out formulation of the theory of evolution at almost precisely the same time as Darwin, acknowledged that "perhaps the most important book I read was Malthus's "Principles of Population" (My Life, p. 232). Although there were four decennial censuses before Malthus' death, he did not himself analyze the data, although he did influence Lambert Quetelet and Pierre Verhulst, who made precise statistical studies on growth of populations in developed countries and showed how the early exponential growth changed to an S curve." (DSB, IX, p. 69). In Chapter six of the first edition, Malthus writes of Spain: "IT has been universally remarked that all new colonies settled in healthy countries, where there was plenty of room and food, have constantly increased with astonishing rapidity in their population. Some of the colonies from ancient Greece, in no very long period, more than equalled their parent states in numbers and strength. And not to dwell on remote instances, the European settlements in the new world bear ample testimony to the truth of a remark, which, indeed, has never, that I know of, been doubted. A plenty of rich land, to be had for little or nothing, is so powerful a cause of population as to overcome all other obstacles. No settlements could well have been worse managed than those of Spain in Mexico, Peru, and Quito. The tyranny,superstition, and vices of the mother-country were introduced in ample quantities among her children. Exorbitant taxes were exacted by the Crown. The most arbitrary restrictions wereimposed on their trade. And the governors were not behind hand in rapacity and extortion for themselves as well as their master. Yet, under all these difficulties, the colonies made a quick progress in population."As Malthus realized that his theories were not satisfactorily presented or sufficiently demonstrated in the first edition from 1798, he travelled for three years through Europe gleaning statistics, and then published the second edition in 1803. His detailed diaries of these journeys provided him with some of the evidence necessary for the development of his theory on population growth. The observational information that he gathered on his travels in Europe were crucial to the development of his theories, which also means that the work is of great interest for other European countries, and not only Britain. Printing and the Mind of Man 251 (first edition)

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
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        Der bayrische Wald (Böhmerwald).

      Mit gestoch. Frontispiz und 36 Stahlstichtafeln. VIII, 388 S., 1 Bl. Grüner Halbmaroquin d. Zt. mit goldgepr. Rückentitel. Engelmann 328. Vgl. Lentner 7014 (2. A.): "Sehr selten u. gesucht!"; nicht bei Pfister. - Erste Ausgabe. Hübsche Ansichten von Cham, Furth, Kötzting, Metten, Regen, Viechtach u. a. Diese erste Ausgabe erschien ohne Karte, die erst der zweiten Auflage beigegeben wurde. - Stockfleckig. Ohne die lithograph. Notenbeilage.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        Black's General Atlas: Comprehending Sixty-one Maps from the Latest and Most Authentic Sources. Engraved on steel, in the first style of the art, by Sidney Hall, Hughes, etc. With Geographical Descriptions, and an Index of 56,000 names.

      Edinburgh: Adam & Charles Black, 1846.. 61 maps on 56 sheets, some being double page; mostly hand-coloured in outline. Folio (17 1/2 x 12 1/2 inches), contemporary half calf; boards detached lacking upper and lower compartment of backstrip. Marginal damp marking to prelims. Some browning and light foxing througout. Heavier foxing to the maps of Ireland, England, Spain, & the United States.

      [Bookseller: Bristow & Garland]
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        Precis iconographique de medecine operatoire. . . First edition, inscribed by both authors

      Megignon Marvis Paris: Megignon-Marvis, 1846. No Dust Jacket. Rare Presentation Copy of the First Edition Bernard, Claude (1813-73) & Huette, Charles. Precis iconographique de medecine operatoire et d'anatomie chirurgicale. 8vo. [4] xxvi [2], 488pp. Engraved frontispiece of Vesalius with printed tissue guard, issued only to subscribers, 113 engraved plates printed in sepia, most hand-colored. The plates are in two series, the first numbered 1-25, and the second 1-80; the second series includes eight additional plates numbered 44bis, 51bis, 51ter, 54bis, 54ter, 62bis, 62ter and 63bis. Paris: Mequignon-Marvis, 1846. 188 x 117 mm. Quarter calf, gilt spine, worn, front hinge split. Lightly foxed throughout, but very good. Presentation copy, inscribed by the authors on the half-title: "A mon ami / A. Molinard /Cl. Bernard Ch. Huette." Boxed. First Edition, and rare in commerce. Bernard and Huette's influential surgical textbook was one of the first of its kind to enjoy a world-wide market, and was still being reprinted at the end of the 19th century. Presentation copies of the first edition are extraordinarily rare; this is the only one that we have ever seen in 40 years of trading. Blocker, p. 34.

      [Bookseller: Jeremy Norman's Historyofscience.com ]
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        A History of the Past and Present State of the Labouring Population, including the Progress of Agriculture, Manufacture and Commerce,

      shewing the Extremes of Opulence and Destitution among the Operative Classes. With Practical Means for their Employment and Future Prosperity, First Edition, 2 vols, xviii, 322; xviii, [323-]878pp royal octavo, fine unsophisticated and exceptional copy in original fine-grained cloth with printed paper labels, London, Longman / Plymouth, Nettleton,1846. Goldsmiths 34543. PHOTOGRAPHS AVAILABLE ON REQUEST. Rare and early in-depth anaylsis of the working classes in the industrial revolution. Cited by Marx in Das Capital (chapter 36) as proof of the exploitation of the working population, in particular in the case of extortionate 100% interest on loans: "It is by frequent fluctuations within the month, and by pawning one article to relieve another, where a small sum is obtained, that the premium for money becomes so excessive. There are about 240 licensed pawnbrokers in the metropolis, and nearly 1,450 in the country. The capital employed is supposed somewhat to exceed a million pounds sterling; and this capital is turned round thrice in the course of the year, and yields each time about 33½ per cent on an average; according to which calculation, the inferior orders of society in England pay about one million a year for the use of a temporary loan, exclusive of what they lose by goods being forfeited." (J. D. Tuckett, A History of the Past and Present State of the Labouring Population, London, 1846, 1, p. 114.)

      [Bookseller: Jeffrey Stern Antiquarian Bookseller]
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