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        DESCRIPTION DE L'EGYPTE. Thèbes. Bybân el Molouk. Sujets mystérieux et détails de costumes, peints dans le cinquième tombeau des rois à l'est et dans d'autres tombeaux. (ANTIQUITES, volume II, planche 86)

      Original, unshaved, full-page etching from the "Imperial edition" of the Description de l'Égypte, or 'Recueil des observations et recherches faites en Égypte pendant l'expédition française, publié par les ordres de Sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand [A Collection of the observations and research carried out in Egypt during the French expedition, published on the orders of his Majesty the Emperor Napoleon the Great]'. Produced between February 1802 and 1830 on the orders of Naopleon Bonaparte and published between 1809 and 1828, 1,000 copies were printed and distributed to institutions, on vergé paper with an 'Égypte ancienne et moderne' watermark, visible when held up to the light. Light marginal spotting not touching image, otherwise in very fresh, fine condition. An engraving from the Description de l'Egypte, one of the masterpieces of French printing and the birth of a new field: Egyptology. A gigantic survey of Egypt at the time of Bonaparte's conquests in 1798 and 1799, the work is divided into 13 volumes of engravings making up 892 plates, of which 72 colored, as well as presenting the splendors of the Egypt of the Pharaohs in 9 volumes. The other volumes discuss natural history and present a fascinating portrait of Coptic and Islamic Egypt as it was seen by Bonaparte's Eastern Armies. The 'Egyptian campaign', militarily a disaster, demonstrates, through the engravings of the Description d'Egypte, the scientific success it nonetheless became thanks to the 167 expert members of the Commission of the Sciences and Arts of the Institut d'Egypte [Egyptian Institute] who followed Napoleon's army. The Institut gathered together in Egypt the mathematician Monge, the chemist Berthollet, the naturalist Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire as well as numerous artists, engineers, architects and doctors. They were tasked with re-discovering modern and ancient Egypt and displaying its natural treasures as well as the know-how of its inhabitants. This edition, the so-called "Imperial" edition of the plates for the Description de l'Egypte was printed in four large formats, two of which were specially created for it and christened "Moyen-Egypte" and "Grand-Egypte". A special press was built to print it, the process extending over 20 years, from 1809 to 1829. The "Imperial" edition proved so popular that a second edition, this time in black and white and without the "Egypte ancienne et moderne" watermark - known as the "Royal Edition" - was published during the Restoration by the printing house of C.-L.-F. Panckoucke (Paris). The engravings of the Description d'Egypte owe a great deal to Baron Dominique-Vivant Denon, illustrator, diplomat, collector and later Director of the Musée Napoléon (the Louvre). His exploration of the South of Egypt gave Bonaparte the idea of sending the experts of the Institut there, thus creating a faithful and complete portrait of the area. This was the research gathered together from 1802 in the mammoth Description de L'Egypte. Denon embarked on this story of archeological exploration at the age of 51, reaching first Alexandria and then Cairo before exploring Upper Egypt. Along with the members of the Institut d'Egypte, the Natural History Museum's painter H.J. Redouté (brother of Pierre-Joseph Redouté, author of Roses), the mineralogist Dolomiue, and the draughtsman Joly, Denon then explored the Nile Delta and Lower Egypt. When, however, he joined the 21st Light Infantry Regiment as it marched across Upper Egypt in pursuit of the retreating Mameluks in November 1798, he found himself the only civilian. In the very midst of the battle itself, he reeled off sketches of the works of art that peppered his path right up to the threshold of the Sudan. He said that he had crossed "a country that is, apart from its name, entirely unknown to Europeans, and therefore everything was worth describing" (Voyages dans la Basse et la Haute Egypte pendant les campagnes de Bonaparte en 1798 et 1799, 1817). On his return to Cairo, the great general, spellbound by Denon's accounts and drawings ordered two commissions to be set up, led by the engineers Fourier and Costaz. They were tasked with the scientific study of the ancient remains in Upper Egypt; research that proved a significant contribution to the monumental Description d'Egypte, from which this plate is taken. ANCIENT EGYPTThese engravings therefore represent a unique body of material that contributed to Jean-François Champollion's deciphering of hieroglyphics, and which mark the beginning of the line of Mariette, Maspero and Carter, who would reshape the face of Ancient Egypt. They also started a craze that gave birth to the phenomenon of Egyptomania and the Orientalism of Delacroix, Fromentin, Marilhat, Decamps and Théophile Gautier. Financiers, politicians, merchants and all kinds of treasure-hunters made their way to the banks of the Nile in search of riches, following this rediscovery of Egypt. The originators of Egyptology, these plates were to have a hugely influential afterlife. NATURAL HISTORYThese engravings show the scientific genius of the French experts then working on the ground in Egypt, laying the foundations for its becoming a French colony. This colonizing project, which had been mooted since the reign of Louis XIV, was now accompanied - with Bonaparte's arrival - by an in-depth study of the country's fauna and flora thanks to the work of the most eminent naturalists, mineralogists, and entomologists of the day. The Description de l'Egypte shows all of this immense scientific undertaking through its engravings, which were done after drawings by members of the Academy of Science, including Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hillaire, Alire Raffenau-Delile and Henri-Joseph Redouté. In the words of Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, "We have gathered the material for the greatest work that a nation could hope to undertake. In mourning the fate of so many brave soldiers who - after so many glorious exploits - fell in Egypt, we shall be able to console ourselves that such precious works came into being." MODERN EGYPTThe genius of the experts of the Institut d'Egypte is revealed in the plates of the section known as "Modern Egypte". Architecture, industry, social organization, conditions of health, irrigation, music, and crafts, are all presented with exceptional precision and powers of description. The spirit of Diderot and d'Alembert's Encyclopédie runs through the work of the draughtsmen of the Description de L'Egypte, who accompanied the text volumes with numerous detailed plates, undertaking to produce a portrait of the local population that was imbued with both beauty and respect. Wealthy Pashas and simple artisan potters are sensitively represented here, going about their business in beautifully composed images that nonetheless do not fall into the traps of idealism or caricature. ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE (the "Cairo" plates) The set of engravings to which this plate belongs constitutes one of the first complete studies of the monuments of Islamic Egypt in Cairo, bringing together maps, sections and elevations of mosques, mausoleums and fortifications, from the Tulunid era in the 9th century up to the Mameluk constructions contemporaneous with the arrival of the Bonapartist troops. At the same time, the architects and engineers of the Institut d'Egypte also made a big series of plates dedicated to civilian housing and edifices in Cairo, including both grander and more modest constructions, providing a precious picture of life in Cairo at the end of the 19th century. BAB AL FOUTOUH Bab el-Foutouh, " The Conquest Gate" marks the northern limit of Fatimid old Cairo. Rebuilt in 1087, it is highly defensive in nature owing to the turbulent climate in 11th Century Cairo, which saw a number of popular uprisings. An imposing gate, it has two semicircular towers with low-slung arches made of heavy blocks of stone anchored within the ramparts. The sizeable passage through the gate (4.85m wide by 6.79m high) has a shallow dome. BAB EL NASR Bab el-Nasr, "The Victory Gate" is on the northern wall of the Fatimid fortress in Cairo. Its two enormous rectangular towers were rebuilt in 1087 after a long period of popular uprisings. On this highly attractive frontal image signed Protain, one can admire the sculpted shields in the corners of the gate and on the towers, symbolizing victory and protection against invaders. After taking Cairo, Napoleon named all the towers along the wall of the fortress after the officers assigned to guard them. Their names are still engraved on the upper parts of the walls of the gate. SULTAN HASSAN MOSQUEThe massive architectural complex constructed by Sultan Hassan at the foot of the citadel in Cairo was built in the ostentatious style so characteristic of Mameluk architecture. Completed in 1356, the Sultan Hassan Mosque has a monumental gate and a 57m high minaret. This group of buildings, comprising a mausoleum that was never put to use, was strategically built on the site of a square that saw the start of a number of popular uprisings. The mosque was heavily inspired by Iranian models. Philae This plate is taken from a set of engravings dedicated to the Temple of Isis on the island of Philae. The final bastion of the worship of the ancient Egyptian gods, the temple of Isis was the last pagan temple to be in use before it was closed in the 6th century A.D. under Justinian. Construction on the temple began under the Ptolemies, a period of growth for the Isis cult. Isis was the sister and wife of Osiris and mother to Horus. Kom Ombo (Ombos) The Kom Ombo site, 40 kilometers from Aswan, is home to one of the best preserved ancient Egyptian temples, dedicated to Sobek, a crocodile god and Haroeris, a form of Horus. Built in the Ptolemaic era, it was actually founded during the XVIIIth Dynasty. Its massive Composite capitals and highly accomplished reliefs are captured accurately by the draughtsmen of the Institut d'Egypte, Jollois, Balzac and Cécile. The dual aspect of its design, intended for worship of two different divine triads - those of Sobek and Haroeris - is reproduced in great detail by the architects and engineers of the Egyptian campaign through this set of prints, which preceded the first archeological digs in the building by Auguste Mariette in 1828.Edfu This plate is taken from a series of views of the great temple at Edfu and the various buildings in its cultic complex. The temple of Horus, a jewel of Ptolemaic architecture and exceptionally well-preserved, is made up of a majestic entry gate and a hypostyle chamber, which are both extensively documented thanks to the engravings by the experts of the Institut d'Egypte. Begun in 237 BC by Ptolemy III and completed 180 years later under Tiberius, it proved an extraordinary sight for the draughtsmen come to explore the left bank of the Nile.Esna and its environs The town of Esna (Esneh or Latopolis in Bonaparte's time), lies fifty kilometers to the south of Luxor. The experts from the Institut de l'Egypte documented their discovery of its temple, dedicated to Khnum, one of the gods of creation who worked with clay and had the head of a ram; he controlled the life-giving flooding of the Nile, the source of fertility. He was associated with Nebt-uu, the mistress of the countryside and Menhyt, a goddess with the head of a lion. This temple, partially rebuilt during the Ptolemaic era, was added to right up to the reign of Tiberius. The draughtsmen also produced a number of views of the neighboring temples, most notably the less well-preserved temple of Contra-Latopolis to the north of Esna.Thebes Medinet-Habu Close to Thebes and Luxor on the left bank of the Nile, the city of Medinet-Habu is home to one of the most attractive temples of New Kingdom period Egypt, the mortuary temple of Ramses III. This dates from the middle of the 12th century BC, and is based on the famous Ramesseum of his predecessor, which it surpasses in size. A funerary temple celebrating the Pharaoh, the experts of the Institut d'Egypte set about creating cross-sections, plans and elevations, and most especially capturing its numerous bas-reliefs. The architects and draughtsmen also focused on the Royal Palace and its internal peristyle within the 12-metre fortress that encircles the religious complex, including the Temple of Amon, located at the south-east of the site and begun in the reign of Hatshepsut at the end of the 15th Century BC. Memnonium The Memnonium, a name used by visitors to the Valley of the Kings from 1750 to 1850, refers to a set of three royal buildings constructed during the New Kingdom: the Ramesseum, the Temple of Amenhotep III and the Temple of Sethi I. The draughtsmen and architects of Bonaparte's Institut, sent out on expedition across Upper Egypt from 1799 documented Thebes and the Valley of the Kings, even attempting to reconstruct some of the buildings on the basis of descriptions by Classical authors. The tomb of Ozymandias (one of the numerous names of Ramses II), in a very poor state, thus became the subject of very thorough study and an attempt to fill in its missing bits on the basis of the writings of Diodurus Siculus. This Greek historian of the Augustine period stayed in the valley of the Nile from 60-57 BC and his visit to the tomb of Ramses II is recounted in his monumental Bibliotheca Historica (Book I, XLVII-XLIX).At the same time, the experts also made extremely detailed studies and views of the Colossi of Memnon, all that remains of a huge memorial temple to Amenhotep III built on the road to the necropolis in the Valley of the Kings. These colossi were located at the entrance to the temple in front of a preliminary pylon made of brick. These two statues represent King Amenhotep III framed to the right by the great Royal Consort Tiy and to the left by the Queen Mother Mutemwiya. Hypogea and Biban el Moluk This plate is taken from a series of engravings of the hypogea in the Valley of the Kings (Biban el Moluk) in Thebes. Some are in color to show the vivid hues of the sarcophaguses and mysterious murals whose secret had yet to be broken by Jean-François Champollion. The draughtsmen of the Institut, including the famous Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, sent by Napoleon to cover Upper Egypt in 1799, capture with élan the royal mummies and the artifacts that accompanied the dead in their journey to the netherworld: urns, furniture, weapons, idols and the mummies of numerous mammals and birds. Karnak This plate is from a set on the Great Temple at Karnak, built during the New Kingdom at the time of Ramses III. This enormous complex is divided into three parts and is dedicated to the Theban Triad of gods, Amun, Mut and Khonsu. Its sculptures, internal bas-reliefs and sunken reliefs on the external facades are intricately captured by the engineers of the Institut, while the architects worked out the complex groundplan of this edifice, which was divided into facades, colonnaded halls and sacral spaces reserved for the temple priests. The alley of the monumental sphinx which links the site to the Luxor site was also the subject of a plate by Lepère, an architect from the Institut who took part in the expedition across Upper Egypt. Dendera The experts executed views and drawings of the temples of Dendera (or Tentyra), a city in Upper Egypt 60km to the north of Luxor. They have captured, with an exceptional degree of graphic artistry, the thick, round nature of the sculpted reliefs of the great Temple of Hathor, built under the Ptolemies in the first half of the 1st century BC. They also produced interesting views of the neighboring temples as well as a selection of reliefs of the "Dendera Zodiac", a chapel dedicated to Osiris and located beneath the temple of Hathor. Its famous astronomical relief was discovered by the French General Desaix - stationed in Upper Egypt by Bonaparte from 1798 - and taken back to France in 1821 by Claude Lelorrain; it is now on display in the Louvre. Another astronomical and cosmological relief on the ceiling of the hypostyle hall of the Temple of Hathor is the subject of a magnificent plate by Jollois and Devilliers. This covers seven soffit coffers of the ceiling and is an immense allegorical image showing several levels of consciousness: that of cosmogony, the constellations and their effect on the Earth, the creation of Man, and the Nomes of Egypt, symbolized by 21 pairs of wings topped with the red crown of Lower Egypt and the white tiara of Upper Egypt. The Pyramids at Memphis The Giza Plateau, near Memphis, is home to three of the most famous Ancient Egyptian Pyramids, the tombs of Cheops, Khafre and Menkaure, Pharaohs of the 4th Dynasty (2620-2500 BC). The experts of the Institut, hurrying to Memphis, explored the plateau and made numerous views of these majestic pyramids, towering over inhabitants and mounted figures. They also made minutely detailed views of the epigraphs on the tombs adjacent to the pyramids, as well as views of the Sphinx of Gaza near the Pyramid of Khafre. Views of Alexandria A plate taken from a set of view of Alexandria as it was found by Napoleon's army in June 1798. Embarking in Toulon on the 14th May, his troops disembarked at Alexandria a month later and explored this port city before heading towards Cairo to take the capital. Imprimerie Impériale Paris 1809-1829 71x53,5cm une feuille

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        DESCRIPTION DE L'EGYPTE. Thèbes. Bybân el Molouk. Tableau astronomique peint au plafond du premier tombeau des rois à l'ouest. (ANTIQUITES, volume II, planche 82)

      Original, unshaved, full-page etching from the "Imperial edition" of the Description de l'Égypte, or 'Recueil des observations et recherches faites en Égypte pendant l'expédition française, publié par les ordres de Sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand [A Collection of the observations and research carried out in Egypt during the French expedition, published on the orders of his Majesty the Emperor Napoleon the Great]'. Produced between February 1802 and 1830 on the orders of Naopleon Bonaparte and published between 1809 and 1828, 1,000 copies were printed and distributed to institutions, on vergé paper with an 'Égypte ancienne et moderne' watermark, visible when held up to the light. Light marginal spotting not touching image, otherwise in very fresh, fine condition. An engraving from the Description de l'Egypte, one of the masterpieces of French printing and the birth of a new field: Egyptology. A gigantic survey of Egypt at the time of Bonaparte's conquests in 1798 and 1799, the work is divided into 13 volumes of engravings making up 892 plates, of which 72 colored, as well as presenting the splendors of the Egypt of the Pharaohs in 9 volumes. The other volumes discuss natural history and present a fascinating portrait of Coptic and Islamic Egypt as it was seen by Bonaparte's Eastern Armies. The 'Egyptian campaign', militarily a disaster, demonstrates, through the engravings of the Description d'Egypte, the scientific success it nonetheless became thanks to the 167 expert members of the Commission of the Sciences and Arts of the Institut d'Egypte [Egyptian Institute] who followed Napoleon's army. The Institut gathered together in Egypt the mathematician Monge, the chemist Berthollet, the naturalist Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire as well as numerous artists, engineers, architects and doctors. They were tasked with re-discovering modern and ancient Egypt and displaying its natural treasures as well as the know-how of its inhabitants. This edition, the so-called "Imperial" edition of the plates for the Description de l'Egypte was printed in four large formats, two of which were specially created for it and christened "Moyen-Egypte" and "Grand-Egypte". A special press was built to print it, the process extending over 20 years, from 1809 to 1829. The "Imperial" edition proved so popular that a second edition, this time in black and white and without the "Egypte ancienne et moderne" watermark - known as the "Royal Edition" - was published during the Restoration by the printing house of C.-L.-F. Panckoucke (Paris). The engravings of the Description d'Egypte owe a great deal to Baron Dominique-Vivant Denon, illustrator, diplomat, collector and later Director of the Musée Napoléon (the Louvre). His exploration of the South of Egypt gave Bonaparte the idea of sending the experts of the Institut there, thus creating a faithful and complete portrait of the area. This was the research gathered together from 1802 in the mammoth Description de L'Egypte. Denon embarked on this story of archeological exploration at the age of 51, reaching first Alexandria and then Cairo before exploring Upper Egypt. Along with the members of the Institut d'Egypte, the Natural History Museum's painter H.J. Redouté (brother of Pierre-Joseph Redouté, author of Roses), the mineralogist Dolomiue, and the draughtsman Joly, Denon then explored the Nile Delta and Lower Egypt. When, however, he joined the 21st Light Infantry Regiment as it marched across Upper Egypt in pursuit of the retreating Mameluks in November 1798, he found himself the only civilian. In the very midst of the battle itself, he reeled off sketches of the works of art that peppered his path right up to the threshold of the Sudan. He said that he had crossed "a country that is, apart from its name, entirely unknown to Europeans, and therefore everything was worth describing" (Voyages dans la Basse et la Haute Egypte pendant les campagnes de Bonaparte en 1798 et 1799, 1817). On his return to Cairo, the great general, spellbound by Denon's accounts and drawings ordered two commissions to be set up, led by the engineers Fourier and Costaz. They were tasked with the scientific study of the ancient remains in Upper Egypt; research that proved a significant contribution to the monumental Description d'Egypte, from which this plate is taken. ANCIENT EGYPTThese engravings therefore represent a unique body of material that contributed to Jean-François Champollion's deciphering of hieroglyphics, and which mark the beginning of the line of Mariette, Maspero and Carter, who would reshape the face of Ancient Egypt. They also started a craze that gave birth to the phenomenon of Egyptomania and the Orientalism of Delacroix, Fromentin, Marilhat, Decamps and Théophile Gautier. Financiers, politicians, merchants and all kinds of treasure-hunters made their way to the banks of the Nile in search of riches, following this rediscovery of Egypt. The originators of Egyptology, these plates were to have a hugely influential afterlife. NATURAL HISTORYThese engravings show the scientific genius of the French experts then working on the ground in Egypt, laying the foundations for its becoming a French colony. This colonizing project, which had been mooted since the reign of Louis XIV, was now accompanied - with Bonaparte's arrival - by an in-depth study of the country's fauna and flora thanks to the work of the most eminent naturalists, mineralogists, and entomologists of the day. The Description de l'Egypte shows all of this immense scientific undertaking through its engravings, which were done after drawings by members of the Academy of Science, including Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hillaire, Alire Raffenau-Delile and Henri-Joseph Redouté. In the words of Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, "We have gathered the material for the greatest work that a nation could hope to undertake. In mourning the fate of so many brave soldiers who - after so many glorious exploits - fell in Egypt, we shall be able to console ourselves that such precious works came into being." MODERN EGYPTThe genius of the experts of the Institut d'Egypte is revealed in the plates of the section known as "Modern Egypte". Architecture, industry, social organization, conditions of health, irrigation, music, and crafts, are all presented with exceptional precision and powers of description. The spirit of Diderot and d'Alembert's Encyclopédie runs through the work of the draughtsmen of the Description de L'Egypte, who accompanied the text volumes with numerous detailed plates, undertaking to produce a portrait of the local population that was imbued with both beauty and respect. Wealthy Pashas and simple artisan potters are sensitively represented here, going about their business in beautifully composed images that nonetheless do not fall into the traps of idealism or caricature. ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE (the "Cairo" plates) The set of engravings to which this plate belongs constitutes one of the first complete studies of the monuments of Islamic Egypt in Cairo, bringing together maps, sections and elevations of mosques, mausoleums and fortifications, from the Tulunid era in the 9th century up to the Mameluk constructions contemporaneous with the arrival of the Bonapartist troops. At the same time, the architects and engineers of the Institut d'Egypte also made a big series of plates dedicated to civilian housing and edifices in Cairo, including both grander and more modest constructions, providing a precious picture of life in Cairo at the end of the 19th century. BAB AL FOUTOUH Bab el-Foutouh, " The Conquest Gate" marks the northern limit of Fatimid old Cairo. Rebuilt in 1087, it is highly defensive in nature owing to the turbulent climate in 11th Century Cairo, which saw a number of popular uprisings. An imposing gate, it has two semicircular towers with low-slung arches made of heavy blocks of stone anchored within the ramparts. The sizeable passage through the gate (4.85m wide by 6.79m high) has a shallow dome. BAB EL NASR Bab el-Nasr, "The Victory Gate" is on the northern wall of the Fatimid fortress in Cairo. Its two enormous rectangular towers were rebuilt in 1087 after a long period of popular uprisings. On this highly attractive frontal image signed Protain, one can admire the sculpted shields in the corners of the gate and on the towers, symbolizing victory and protection against invaders. After taking Cairo, Napoleon named all the towers along the wall of the fortress after the officers assigned to guard them. Their names are still engraved on the upper parts of the walls of the gate. SULTAN HASSAN MOSQUEThe massive architectural complex constructed by Sultan Hassan at the foot of the citadel in Cairo was built in the ostentatious style so characteristic of Mameluk architecture. Completed in 1356, the Sultan Hassan Mosque has a monumental gate and a 57m high minaret. This group of buildings, comprising a mausoleum that was never put to use, was strategically built on the site of a square that saw the start of a number of popular uprisings. The mosque was heavily inspired by Iranian models. Philae This plate is taken from a set of engravings dedicated to the Temple of Isis on the island of Philae. The final bastion of the worship of the ancient Egyptian gods, the temple of Isis was the last pagan temple to be in use before it was closed in the 6th century A.D. under Justinian. Construction on the temple began under the Ptolemies, a period of growth for the Isis cult. Isis was the sister and wife of Osiris and mother to Horus. Kom Ombo (Ombos) The Kom Ombo site, 40 kilometers from Aswan, is home to one of the best preserved ancient Egyptian temples, dedicated to Sobek, a crocodile god and Haroeris, a form of Horus. Built in the Ptolemaic era, it was actually founded during the XVIIIth Dynasty. Its massive Composite capitals and highly accomplished reliefs are captured accurately by the draughtsmen of the Institut d'Egypte, Jollois, Balzac and Cécile. The dual aspect of its design, intended for worship of two different divine triads - those of Sobek and Haroeris - is reproduced in great detail by the architects and engineers of the Egyptian campaign through this set of prints, which preceded the first archeological digs in the building by Auguste Mariette in 1828.Edfu This plate is taken from a series of views of the great temple at Edfu and the various buildings in its cultic complex. The temple of Horus, a jewel of Ptolemaic architecture and exceptionally well-preserved, is made up of a majestic entry gate and a hypostyle chamber, which are both extensively documented thanks to the engravings by the experts of the Institut d'Egypte. Begun in 237 BC by Ptolemy III and completed 180 years later under Tiberius, it proved an extraordinary sight for the draughtsmen come to explore the left bank of the Nile.Esna and its environs The town of Esna (Esneh or Latopolis in Bonaparte's time), lies fifty kilometers to the south of Luxor. The experts from the Institut de l'Egypte documented their discovery of its temple, dedicated to Khnum, one of the gods of creation who worked with clay and had the head of a ram; he controlled the life-giving flooding of the Nile, the source of fertility. He was associated with Nebt-uu, the mistress of the countryside and Menhyt, a goddess with the head of a lion. This temple, partially rebuilt during the Ptolemaic era, was added to right up to the reign of Tiberius. The draughtsmen also produced a number of views of the neighboring temples, most notably the less well-preserved temple of Contra-Latopolis to the north of Esna.Thebes Medinet-Habu Close to Thebes and Luxor on the left bank of the Nile, the city of Medinet-Habu is home to one of the most attractive temples of New Kingdom period Egypt, the mortuary temple of Ramses III. This dates from the middle of the 12th century BC, and is based on the famous Ramesseum of his predecessor, which it surpasses in size. A funerary temple celebrating the Pharaoh, the experts of the Institut d'Egypte set about creating cross-sections, plans and elevations, and most especially capturing its numerous bas-reliefs. The architects and draughtsmen also focused on the Royal Palace and its internal peristyle within the 12-metre fortress that encircles the religious complex, including the Temple of Amon, located at the south-east of the site and begun in the reign of Hatshepsut at the end of the 15th Century BC. Memnonium The Memnonium, a name used by visitors to the Valley of the Kings from 1750 to 1850, refers to a set of three royal buildings constructed during the New Kingdom: the Ramesseum, the Temple of Amenhotep III and the Temple of Sethi I. The draughtsmen and architects of Bonaparte's Institut, sent out on expedition across Upper Egypt from 1799 documented Thebes and the Valley of the Kings, even attempting to reconstruct some of the buildings on the basis of descriptions by Classical authors. The tomb of Ozymandias (one of the numerous names of Ramses II), in a very poor state, thus became the subject of very thorough study and an attempt to fill in its missing bits on the basis of the writings of Diodurus Siculus. This Greek historian of the Augustine period stayed in the valley of the Nile from 60-57 BC and his visit to the tomb of Ramses II is recounted in his monumental Bibliotheca Historica (Book I, XLVII-XLIX).At the same time, the experts also made extremely detailed studies and views of the Colossi of Memnon, all that remains of a huge memorial temple to Amenhotep III built on the road to the necropolis in the Valley of the Kings. These colossi were located at the entrance to the temple in front of a preliminary pylon made of brick. These two statues represent King Amenhotep III framed to the right by the great Royal Consort Tiy and to the left by the Queen Mother Mutemwiya. Hypogea and Biban el Moluk This plate is taken from a series of engravings of the hypogea in the Valley of the Kings (Biban el Moluk) in Thebes. Some are in color to show the vivid hues of the sarcophaguses and mysterious murals whose secret had yet to be broken by Jean-François Champollion. The draughtsmen of the Institut, including the famous Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, sent by Napoleon to cover Upper Egypt in 1799, capture with élan the royal mummies and the artifacts that accompanied the dead in their journey to the netherworld: urns, furniture, weapons, idols and the mummies of numerous mammals and birds. Karnak This plate is from a set on the Great Temple at Karnak, built during the New Kingdom at the time of Ramses III. This enormous complex is divided into three parts and is dedicated to the Theban Triad of gods, Amun, Mut and Khonsu. Its sculptures, internal bas-reliefs and sunken reliefs on the external facades are intricately captured by the engineers of the Institut, while the architects worked out the complex groundplan of this edifice, which was divided into facades, colonnaded halls and sacral spaces reserved for the temple priests. The alley of the monumental sphinx which links the site to the Luxor site was also the subject of a plate by Lepère, an architect from the Institut who took part in the expedition across Upper Egypt. Dendera The experts executed views and drawings of the temples of Dendera (or Tentyra), a city in Upper Egypt 60km to the north of Luxor. They have captured, with an exceptional degree of graphic artistry, the thick, round nature of the sculpted reliefs of the great Temple of Hathor, built under the Ptolemies in the first half of the 1st century BC. They also produced interesting views of the neighboring temples as well as a selection of reliefs of the "Dendera Zodiac", a chapel dedicated to Osiris and located beneath the temple of Hathor. Its famous astronomical relief was discovered by the French General Desaix - stationed in Upper Egypt by Bonaparte from 1798 - and taken back to France in 1821 by Claude Lelorrain; it is now on display in the Louvre. Another astronomical and cosmological relief on the ceiling of the hypostyle hall of the Temple of Hathor is the subject of a magnificent plate by Jollois and Devilliers. This covers seven soffit coffers of the ceiling and is an immense allegorical image showing several levels of consciousness: that of cosmogony, the constellations and their effect on the Earth, the creation of Man, and the Nomes of Egypt, symbolized by 21 pairs of wings topped with the red crown of Lower Egypt and the white tiara of Upper Egypt. The Pyramids at Memphis The Giza Plateau, near Memphis, is home to three of the most famous Ancient Egyptian Pyramids, the tombs of Cheops, Khafre and Menkaure, Pharaohs of the 4th Dynasty (2620-2500 BC). The experts of the Institut, hurrying to Memphis, explored the plateau and made numerous views of these majestic pyramids, towering over inhabitants and mounted figures. They also made minutely detailed views of the epigraphs on the tombs adjacent to the pyramids, as well as views of the Sphinx of Gaza near the Pyramid of Khafre. Views of Alexandria A plate taken from a set of view of Alexandria as it was found by Napoleon's army in June 1798. Embarking in Toulon on the 14th May, his troops disembarked at Alexandria a month later and explored this port city before heading towards Cairo to take the capital. Imprimerie Impériale Paris 1809-1829 71x53,5cm une feuille

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        DESCRIPTION DE L'EGYPTE. Thèbes. Bybân el Molouk. Peintures du cinquième tombeau des rois à l'est, Bas-relief de l'entrée du même tombeau. (ANTIQUITES, volume II, planche 87)

      Original, unshaved, full-page etching from the "Imperial edition" of the Description de l'Égypte, or 'Recueil des observations et recherches faites en Égypte pendant l'expédition française, publié par les ordres de Sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand [A Collection of the observations and research carried out in Egypt during the French expedition, published on the orders of his Majesty the Emperor Napoleon the Great]'. Produced between February 1802 and 1830 on the orders of Naopleon Bonaparte and published between 1809 and 1828, 1,000 copies were printed and distributed to institutions, on vergé paper with an 'Égypte ancienne et moderne' watermark, visible when held up to the light. Light marginal spotting not touching image, otherwise in very fresh, fine condition. An engraving from the Description de l'Egypte, one of the masterpieces of French printing and the birth of a new field: Egyptology. A gigantic survey of Egypt at the time of Bonaparte's conquests in 1798 and 1799, the work is divided into 13 volumes of engravings making up 892 plates, of which 72 colored, as well as presenting the splendors of the Egypt of the Pharaohs in 9 volumes. The other volumes discuss natural history and present a fascinating portrait of Coptic and Islamic Egypt as it was seen by Bonaparte's Eastern Armies. The 'Egyptian campaign', militarily a disaster, demonstrates, through the engravings of the Description d'Egypte, the scientific success it nonetheless became thanks to the 167 expert members of the Commission of the Sciences and Arts of the Institut d'Egypte [Egyptian Institute] who followed Napoleon's army. The Institut gathered together in Egypt the mathematician Monge, the chemist Berthollet, the naturalist Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire as well as numerous artists, engineers, architects and doctors. They were tasked with re-discovering modern and ancient Egypt and displaying its natural treasures as well as the know-how of its inhabitants. This edition, the so-called "Imperial" edition of the plates for the Description de l'Egypte was printed in four large formats, two of which were specially created for it and christened "Moyen-Egypte" and "Grand-Egypte". A special press was built to print it, the process extending over 20 years, from 1809 to 1829. The "Imperial" edition proved so popular that a second edition, this time in black and white and without the "Egypte ancienne et moderne" watermark - known as the "Royal Edition" - was published during the Restoration by the printing house of C.-L.-F. Panckoucke (Paris). The engravings of the Description d'Egypte owe a great deal to Baron Dominique-Vivant Denon, illustrator, diplomat, collector and later Director of the Musée Napoléon (the Louvre). His exploration of the South of Egypt gave Bonaparte the idea of sending the experts of the Institut there, thus creating a faithful and complete portrait of the area. This was the research gathered together from 1802 in the mammoth Description de L'Egypte. Denon embarked on this story of archeological exploration at the age of 51, reaching first Alexandria and then Cairo before exploring Upper Egypt. Along with the members of the Institut d'Egypte, the Natural History Museum's painter H.J. Redouté (brother of Pierre-Joseph Redouté, author of Roses), the mineralogist Dolomiue, and the draughtsman Joly, Denon then explored the Nile Delta and Lower Egypt. When, however, he joined the 21st Light Infantry Regiment as it marched across Upper Egypt in pursuit of the retreating Mameluks in November 1798, he found himself the only civilian. In the very midst of the battle itself, he reeled off sketches of the works of art that peppered his path right up to the threshold of the Sudan. He said that he had crossed "a country that is, apart from its name, entirely unknown to Europeans, and therefore everything was worth describing" (Voyages dans la Basse et la Haute Egypte pendant les campagnes de Bonaparte en 1798 et 1799, 1817). On his return to Cairo, the great general, spellbound by Denon's accounts and drawings ordered two commissions to be set up, led by the engineers Fourier and Costaz. They were tasked with the scientific study of the ancient remains in Upper Egypt; research that proved a significant contribution to the monumental Description d'Egypte, from which this plate is taken. ANCIENT EGYPTThese engravings therefore represent a unique body of material that contributed to Jean-François Champollion's deciphering of hieroglyphics, and which mark the beginning of the line of Mariette, Maspero and Carter, who would reshape the face of Ancient Egypt. They also started a craze that gave birth to the phenomenon of Egyptomania and the Orientalism of Delacroix, Fromentin, Marilhat, Decamps and Théophile Gautier. Financiers, politicians, merchants and all kinds of treasure-hunters made their way to the banks of the Nile in search of riches, following this rediscovery of Egypt. The originators of Egyptology, these plates were to have a hugely influential afterlife. NATURAL HISTORYThese engravings show the scientific genius of the French experts then working on the ground in Egypt, laying the foundations for its becoming a French colony. This colonizing project, which had been mooted since the reign of Louis XIV, was now accompanied - with Bonaparte's arrival - by an in-depth study of the country's fauna and flora thanks to the work of the most eminent naturalists, mineralogists, and entomologists of the day. The Description de l'Egypte shows all of this immense scientific undertaking through its engravings, which were done after drawings by members of the Academy of Science, including Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hillaire, Alire Raffenau-Delile and Henri-Joseph Redouté. In the words of Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, "We have gathered the material for the greatest work that a nation could hope to undertake. In mourning the fate of so many brave soldiers who - after so many glorious exploits - fell in Egypt, we shall be able to console ourselves that such precious works came into being." MODERN EGYPTThe genius of the experts of the Institut d'Egypte is revealed in the plates of the section known as "Modern Egypte". Architecture, industry, social organization, conditions of health, irrigation, music, and crafts, are all presented with exceptional precision and powers of description. The spirit of Diderot and d'Alembert's Encyclopédie runs through the work of the draughtsmen of the Description de L'Egypte, who accompanied the text volumes with numerous detailed plates, undertaking to produce a portrait of the local population that was imbued with both beauty and respect. Wealthy Pashas and simple artisan potters are sensitively represented here, going about their business in beautifully composed images that nonetheless do not fall into the traps of idealism or caricature. ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE (the "Cairo" plates) The set of engravings to which this plate belongs constitutes one of the first complete studies of the monuments of Islamic Egypt in Cairo, bringing together maps, sections and elevations of mosques, mausoleums and fortifications, from the Tulunid era in the 9th century up to the Mameluk constructions contemporaneous with the arrival of the Bonapartist troops. At the same time, the architects and engineers of the Institut d'Egypte also made a big series of plates dedicated to civilian housing and edifices in Cairo, including both grander and more modest constructions, providing a precious picture of life in Cairo at the end of the 19th century. BAB AL FOUTOUH Bab el-Foutouh, " The Conquest Gate" marks the northern limit of Fatimid old Cairo. Rebuilt in 1087, it is highly defensive in nature owing to the turbulent climate in 11th Century Cairo, which saw a number of popular uprisings. An imposing gate, it has two semicircular towers with low-slung arches made of heavy blocks of stone anchored within the ramparts. The sizeable passage through the gate (4.85m wide by 6.79m high) has a shallow dome. BAB EL NASR Bab el-Nasr, "The Victory Gate" is on the northern wall of the Fatimid fortress in Cairo. Its two enormous rectangular towers were rebuilt in 1087 after a long period of popular uprisings. On this highly attractive frontal image signed Protain, one can admire the sculpted shields in the corners of the gate and on the towers, symbolizing victory and protection against invaders. After taking Cairo, Napoleon named all the towers along the wall of the fortress after the officers assigned to guard them. Their names are still engraved on the upper parts of the walls of the gate. SULTAN HASSAN MOSQUEThe massive architectural complex constructed by Sultan Hassan at the foot of the citadel in Cairo was built in the ostentatious style so characteristic of Mameluk architecture. Completed in 1356, the Sultan Hassan Mosque has a monumental gate and a 57m high minaret. This group of buildings, comprising a mausoleum that was never put to use, was strategically built on the site of a square that saw the start of a number of popular uprisings. The mosque was heavily inspired by Iranian models. Philae This plate is taken from a set of engravings dedicated to the Temple of Isis on the island of Philae. The final bastion of the worship of the ancient Egyptian gods, the temple of Isis was the last pagan temple to be in use before it was closed in the 6th century A.D. under Justinian. Construction on the temple began under the Ptolemies, a period of growth for the Isis cult. Isis was the sister and wife of Osiris and mother to Horus. Kom Ombo (Ombos) The Kom Ombo site, 40 kilometers from Aswan, is home to one of the best preserved ancient Egyptian temples, dedicated to Sobek, a crocodile god and Haroeris, a form of Horus. Built in the Ptolemaic era, it was actually founded during the XVIIIth Dynasty. Its massive Composite capitals and highly accomplished reliefs are captured accurately by the draughtsmen of the Institut d'Egypte, Jollois, Balzac and Cécile. The dual aspect of its design, intended for worship of two different divine triads - those of Sobek and Haroeris - is reproduced in great detail by the architects and engineers of the Egyptian campaign through this set of prints, which preceded the first archeological digs in the building by Auguste Mariette in 1828.Edfu This plate is taken from a series of views of the great temple at Edfu and the various buildings in its cultic complex. The temple of Horus, a jewel of Ptolemaic architecture and exceptionally well-preserved, is made up of a majestic entry gate and a hypostyle chamber, which are both extensively documented thanks to the engravings by the experts of the Institut d'Egypte. Begun in 237 BC by Ptolemy III and completed 180 years later under Tiberius, it proved an extraordinary sight for the draughtsmen come to explore the left bank of the Nile.Esna and its environs The town of Esna (Esneh or Latopolis in Bonaparte's time), lies fifty kilometers to the south of Luxor. The experts from the Institut de l'Egypte documented their discovery of its temple, dedicated to Khnum, one of the gods of creation who worked with clay and had the head of a ram; he controlled the life-giving flooding of the Nile, the source of fertility. He was associated with Nebt-uu, the mistress of the countryside and Menhyt, a goddess with the head of a lion. This temple, partially rebuilt during the Ptolemaic era, was added to right up to the reign of Tiberius. The draughtsmen also produced a number of views of the neighboring temples, most notably the less well-preserved temple of Contra-Latopolis to the north of Esna.Thebes Medinet-Habu Close to Thebes and Luxor on the left bank of the Nile, the city of Medinet-Habu is home to one of the most attractive temples of New Kingdom period Egypt, the mortuary temple of Ramses III. This dates from the middle of the 12th century BC, and is based on the famous Ramesseum of his predecessor, which it surpasses in size. A funerary temple celebrating the Pharaoh, the experts of the Institut d'Egypte set about creating cross-sections, plans and elevations, and most especially capturing its numerous bas-reliefs. The architects and draughtsmen also focused on the Royal Palace and its internal peristyle within the 12-metre fortress that encircles the religious complex, including the Temple of Amon, located at the south-east of the site and begun in the reign of Hatshepsut at the end of the 15th Century BC. Memnonium The Memnonium, a name used by visitors to the Valley of the Kings from 1750 to 1850, refers to a set of three royal buildings constructed during the New Kingdom: the Ramesseum, the Temple of Amenhotep III and the Temple of Sethi I. The draughtsmen and architects of Bonaparte's Institut, sent out on expedition across Upper Egypt from 1799 documented Thebes and the Valley of the Kings, even attempting to reconstruct some of the buildings on the basis of descriptions by Classical authors. The tomb of Ozymandias (one of the numerous names of Ramses II), in a very poor state, thus became the subject of very thorough study and an attempt to fill in its missing bits on the basis of the writings of Diodurus Siculus. This Greek historian of the Augustine period stayed in the valley of the Nile from 60-57 BC and his visit to the tomb of Ramses II is recounted in his monumental Bibliotheca Historica (Book I, XLVII-XLIX).At the same time, the experts also made extremely detailed studies and views of the Colossi of Memnon, all that remains of a huge memorial temple to Amenhotep III built on the road to the necropolis in the Valley of the Kings. These colossi were located at the entrance to the temple in front of a preliminary pylon made of brick. These two statues represent King Amenhotep III framed to the right by the great Royal Consort Tiy and to the left by the Queen Mother Mutemwiya. Hypogea and Biban el Moluk This plate is taken from a series of engravings of the hypogea in the Valley of the Kings (Biban el Moluk) in Thebes. Some are in color to show the vivid hues of the sarcophaguses and mysterious murals whose secret had yet to be broken by Jean-François Champollion. The draughtsmen of the Institut, including the famous Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, sent by Napoleon to cover Upper Egypt in 1799, capture with élan the royal mummies and the artifacts that accompanied the dead in their journey to the netherworld: urns, furniture, weapons, idols and the mummies of numerous mammals and birds. Karnak This plate is from a set on the Great Temple at Karnak, built during the New Kingdom at the time of Ramses III. This enormous complex is divided into three parts and is dedicated to the Theban Triad of gods, Amun, Mut and Khonsu. Its sculptures, internal bas-reliefs and sunken reliefs on the external facades are intricately captured by the engineers of the Institut, while the architects worked out the complex groundplan of this edifice, which was divided into facades, colonnaded halls and sacral spaces reserved for the temple priests. The alley of the monumental sphinx which links the site to the Luxor site was also the subject of a plate by Lepère, an architect from the Institut who took part in the expedition across Upper Egypt. Dendera The experts executed views and drawings of the temples of Dendera (or Tentyra), a city in Upper Egypt 60km to the north of Luxor. They have captured, with an exceptional degree of graphic artistry, the thick, round nature of the sculpted reliefs of the great Temple of Hathor, built under the Ptolemies in the first half of the 1st century BC. They also produced interesting views of the neighboring temples as well as a selection of reliefs of the "Dendera Zodiac", a chapel dedicated to Osiris and located beneath the temple of Hathor. Its famous astronomical relief was discovered by the French General Desaix - stationed in Upper Egypt by Bonaparte from 1798 - and taken back to France in 1821 by Claude Lelorrain; it is now on display in the Louvre. Another astronomical and cosmological relief on the ceiling of the hypostyle hall of the Temple of Hathor is the subject of a magnificent plate by Jollois and Devilliers. This covers seven soffit coffers of the ceiling and is an immense allegorical image showing several levels of consciousness: that of cosmogony, the constellations and their effect on the Earth, the creation of Man, and the Nomes of Egypt, symbolized by 21 pairs of wings topped with the red crown of Lower Egypt and the white tiara of Upper Egypt. The Pyramids at Memphis The Giza Plateau, near Memphis, is home to three of the most famous Ancient Egyptian Pyramids, the tombs of Cheops, Khafre and Menkaure, Pharaohs of the 4th Dynasty (2620-2500 BC). The experts of the Institut, hurrying to Memphis, explored the plateau and made numerous views of these majestic pyramids, towering over inhabitants and mounted figures. They also made minutely detailed views of the epigraphs on the tombs adjacent to the pyramids, as well as views of the Sphinx of Gaza near the Pyramid of Khafre. Views of Alexandria A plate taken from a set of view of Alexandria as it was found by Napoleon's army in June 1798. Embarking in Toulon on the 14th May, his troops disembarked at Alexandria a month later and explored this port city before heading towards Cairo to take the capital. Imprimerie Impériale Paris 1809-1829 71x53,5cm une feuille

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
 3.   Check availability:     Direct From Seller     Link/Print  


        DESCRIPTION DE L'EGYPTE. Thèbes. Bybân el Molouk. Sujets mystérieux et détails de costumes, peints dans le cinquième tombeau des rois à l'est et dans d'autres tombeaux. (ANTIQUITES, volume II, planche 86)

      Original, unshaved, full-page etching from the "Imperial edition" of the Description de l'Égypte, or 'Recueil des observations et recherches faites en Égypte pendant l'expédition française, publié par les ordres de Sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand [A Collection of the observations and research carried out in Egypt during the French expedition, published on the orders of his Majesty the Emperor Napoleon the Great]'. Produced between February 1802 and 1830 on the orders of Naopleon Bonaparte and published between 1809 and 1828, 1,000 copies were printed and distributed to institutions, on vergé paper with an 'Égypte ancienne et moderne' watermark, visible when held up to the light. Light marginal spotting not touching image, otherwise in very fresh, fine condition. An engraving from the Description de l'Egypte, one of the masterpieces of French printing and the birth of a new field: Egyptology. A gigantic survey of Egypt at the time of Bonaparte's conquests in 1798 and 1799, the work is divided into 13 volumes of engravings making up 892 plates, of which 72 colored, as well as presenting the splendors of the Egypt of the Pharaohs in 9 volumes. The other volumes discuss natural history and present a fascinating portrait of Coptic and Islamic Egypt as it was seen by Bonaparte's Eastern Armies. The 'Egyptian campaign', militarily a disaster, demonstrates, through the engravings of the Description d'Egypte, the scientific success it nonetheless became thanks to the 167 expert members of the Commission of the Sciences and Arts of the Institut d'Egypte [Egyptian Institute] who followed Napoleon's army. The Institut gathered together in Egypt the mathematician Monge, the chemist Berthollet, the naturalist Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire as well as numerous artists, engineers, architects and doctors. They were tasked with re-discovering modern and ancient Egypt and displaying its natural treasures as well as the know-how of its inhabitants. This edition, the so-called "Imperial" edition of the plates for the Description de l'Egypte was printed in four large formats, two of which were specially created for it and christened "Moyen-Egypte" and "Grand-Egypte". A special press was built to print it, the process extending over 20 years, from 1809 to 1829. The "Imperial" edition proved so popular that a second edition, this time in black and white and without the "Egypte ancienne et moderne" watermark - known as the "Royal Edition" - was published during the Restoration by the printing house of C.-L.-F. Panckoucke (Paris). The engravings of the Description d'Egypte owe a great deal to Baron Dominique-Vivant Denon, illustrator, diplomat, collector and later Director of the Musée Napoléon (the Louvre). His exploration of the South of Egypt gave Bonaparte the idea of sending the experts of the Institut there, thus creating a faithful and complete portrait of the area. This was the research gathered together from 1802 in the mammoth Description de L'Egypte. Denon embarked on this story of archeological exploration at the age of 51, reaching first Alexandria and then Cairo before exploring Upper Egypt. Along with the members of the Institut d'Egypte, the Natural History Museum's painter H.J. Redouté (brother of Pierre-Joseph Redouté, author of Roses), the mineralogist Dolomiue, and the draughtsman Joly, Denon then explored the Nile Delta and Lower Egypt. When, however, he joined the 21st Light Infantry Regiment as it marched across Upper Egypt in pursuit of the retreating Mameluks in November 1798, he found himself the only civilian. In the very midst of the battle itself, he reeled off sketches of the works of art that peppered his path right up to the threshold of the Sudan. He said that he had crossed "a country that is, apart from its name, entirely unknown to Europeans, and therefore everything was worth describing" (Voyages dans la Basse et la Haute Egypte pendant les campagnes de Bonaparte en 1798 et 1799, 1817). On his return to Cairo, the great general, spellbound by Denon's accounts and drawings ordered two commissions to be set up, led by the engineers Fourier and Costaz. They were tasked with the scientific study of the ancient remains in Upper Egypt; research that proved a significant contribution to the monumental Description d'Egypte, from which this plate is taken. ANCIENT EGYPTThese engravings therefore represent a unique body of material that contributed to Jean-François Champollion's deciphering of hieroglyphics, and which mark the beginning of the line of Mariette, Maspero and Carter, who would reshape the face of Ancient Egypt. They also started a craze that gave birth to the phenomenon of Egyptomania and the Orientalism of Delacroix, Fromentin, Marilhat, Decamps and Théophile Gautier. Financiers, politicians, merchants and all kinds of treasure-hunters made their way to the banks of the Nile in search of riches, following this rediscovery of Egypt. The originators of Egyptology, these plates were to have a hugely influential afterlife. NATURAL HISTORYThese engravings show the scientific genius of the French experts then working on the ground in Egypt, laying the foundations for its becoming a French colony. This colonizing project, which had been mooted since the reign of Louis XIV, was now accompanied - with Bonaparte's arrival - by an in-depth study of the country's fauna and flora thanks to the work of the most eminent naturalists, mineralogists, and entomologists of the day. The Description de l'Egypte shows all of this immense scientific undertaking through its engravings, which were done after drawings by members of the Academy of Science, including Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hillaire, Alire Raffenau-Delile and Henri-Joseph Redouté. In the words of Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, "We have gathered the material for the greatest work that a nation could hope to undertake. In mourning the fate of so many brave soldiers who - after so many glorious exploits - fell in Egypt, we shall be able to console ourselves that such precious works came into being." MODERN EGYPTThe genius of the experts of the Institut d'Egypte is revealed in the plates of the section known as "Modern Egypte". Architecture, industry, social organization, conditions of health, irrigation, music, and crafts, are all presented with exceptional precision and powers of description. The spirit of Diderot and d'Alembert's Encyclopédie runs through the work of the draughtsmen of the Description de L'Egypte, who accompanied the text volumes with numerous detailed plates, undertaking to produce a portrait of the local population that was imbued with both beauty and respect. Wealthy Pashas and simple artisan potters are sensitively represented here, going about their business in beautifully composed images that nonetheless do not fall into the traps of idealism or caricature. ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE (the "Cairo" plates) The set of engravings to which this plate belongs constitutes one of the first complete studies of the monuments of Islamic Egypt in Cairo, bringing together maps, sections and elevations of mosques, mausoleums and fortifications, from the Tulunid era in the 9th century up to the Mameluk constructions contemporaneous with the arrival of the Bonapartist troops. At the same time, the architects and engineers of the Institut d'Egypte also made a big series of plates dedicated to civilian housing and edifices in Cairo, including both grander and more modest constructions, providing a precious picture of life in Cairo at the end of the 19th century. BAB AL FOUTOUH Bab el-Foutouh, " The Conquest Gate" marks the northern limit of Fatimid old Cairo. Rebuilt in 1087, it is highly defensive in nature owing to the turbulent climate in 11th Century Cairo, which saw a number of popular uprisings. An imposing gate, it has two semicircular towers with low-slung arches made of heavy blocks of stone anchored within the ramparts. The sizeable passage through the gate (4.85m wide by 6.79m high) has a shallow dome. BAB EL NASR Bab el-Nasr, "The Victory Gate" is on the northern wall of the Fatimid fortress in Cairo. Its two enormous rectangular towers were rebuilt in 1087 after a long period of popular uprisings. On this highly attractive frontal image signed Protain, one can admire the sculpted shields in the corners of the gate and on the towers, symbolizing victory and protection against invaders. After taking Cairo, Napoleon named all the towers along the wall of the fortress after the officers assigned to guard them. Their names are still engraved on the upper parts of the walls of the gate. SULTAN HASSAN MOSQUEThe massive architectural complex constructed by Sultan Hassan at the foot of the citadel in Cairo was built in the ostentatious style so characteristic of Mameluk architecture. Completed in 1356, the Sultan Hassan Mosque has a monumental gate and a 57m high minaret. This group of buildings, comprising a mausoleum that was never put to use, was strategically built on the site of a square that saw the start of a number of popular uprisings. The mosque was heavily inspired by Iranian models. Philae This plate is taken from a set of engravings dedicated to the Temple of Isis on the island of Philae. The final bastion of the worship of the ancient Egyptian gods, the temple of Isis was the last pagan temple to be in use before it was closed in the 6th century A.D. under Justinian. Construction on the temple began under the Ptolemies, a period of growth for the Isis cult. Isis was the sister and wife of Osiris and mother to Horus. Kom Ombo (Ombos) The Kom Ombo site, 40 kilometers from Aswan, is home to one of the best preserved ancient Egyptian temples, dedicated to Sobek, a crocodile god and Haroeris, a form of Horus. Built in the Ptolemaic era, it was actually founded during the XVIIIth Dynasty. Its massive Composite capitals and highly accomplished reliefs are captured accurately by the draughtsmen of the Institut d'Egypte, Jollois, Balzac and Cécile. The dual aspect of its design, intended for worship of two different divine triads - those of Sobek and Haroeris - is reproduced in great detail by the architects and engineers of the Egyptian campaign through this set of prints, which preceded the first archeological digs in the building by Auguste Mariette in 1828.Edfu This plate is taken from a series of views of the great temple at Edfu and the various buildings in its cultic complex. The temple of Horus, a jewel of Ptolemaic architecture and exceptionally well-preserved, is made up of a majestic entry gate and a hypostyle chamber, which are both extensively documented thanks to the engravings by the experts of the Institut d'Egypte. Begun in 237 BC by Ptolemy III and completed 180 years later under Tiberius, it proved an extraordinary sight for the draughtsmen come to explore the left bank of the Nile.Esna and its environs The town of Esna (Esneh or Latopolis in Bonaparte's time), lies fifty kilometers to the south of Luxor. The experts from the Institut de l'Egypte documented their discovery of its temple, dedicated to Khnum, one of the gods of creation who worked with clay and had the head of a ram; he controlled the life-giving flooding of the Nile, the source of fertility. He was associated with Nebt-uu, the mistress of the countryside and Menhyt, a goddess with the head of a lion. This temple, partially rebuilt during the Ptolemaic era, was added to right up to the reign of Tiberius. The draughtsmen also produced a number of views of the neighboring temples, most notably the less well-preserved temple of Contra-Latopolis to the north of Esna.Thebes Medinet-Habu Close to Thebes and Luxor on the left bank of the Nile, the city of Medinet-Habu is home to one of the most attractive temples of New Kingdom period Egypt, the mortuary temple of Ramses III. This dates from the middle of the 12th century BC, and is based on the famous Ramesseum of his predecessor, which it surpasses in size. A funerary temple celebrating the Pharaoh, the experts of the Institut d'Egypte set about creating cross-sections, plans and elevations, and most especially capturing its numerous bas-reliefs. The architects and draughtsmen also focused on the Royal Palace and its internal peristyle within the 12-metre fortress that encircles the religious complex, including the Temple of Amon, located at the south-east of the site and begun in the reign of Hatshepsut at the end of the 15th Century BC. Memnonium The Memnonium, a name used by visitors to the Valley of the Kings from 1750 to 1850, refers to a set of three royal buildings constructed during the New Kingdom: the Ramesseum, the Temple of Amenhotep III and the Temple of Sethi I. The draughtsmen and architects of Bonaparte's Institut, sent out on expedition across Upper Egypt from 1799 documented Thebes and the Valley of the Kings, even attempting to reconstruct some of the buildings on the basis of descriptions by Classical authors. The tomb of Ozymandias (one of the numerous names of Ramses II), in a very poor state, thus became the subject of very thorough study and an attempt to fill in its missing bits on the basis of the writings of Diodurus Siculus. This Greek historian of the Augustine period stayed in the valley of the Nile from 60-57 BC and his visit to the tomb of Ramses II is recounted in his monumental Bibliotheca Historica (Book I, XLVII-XLIX).At the same time, the experts also made extremely detailed studies and views of the Colossi of Memnon, all that remains of a huge memorial temple to Amenhotep III built on the road to the necropolis in the Valley of the Kings. These colossi were located at the entrance to the temple in front of a preliminary pylon made of brick. These two statues represent King Amenhotep III framed to the right by the great Royal Consort Tiy and to the left by the Queen Mother Mutemwiya. Hypogea and Biban el Moluk This plate is taken from a series of engravings of the hypogea in the Valley of the Kings (Biban el Moluk) in Thebes. Some are in color to show the vivid hues of the sarcophaguses and mysterious murals whose secret had yet to be broken by Jean-François Champollion. The draughtsmen of the Institut, including the famous Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, sent by Napoleon to cover Upper Egypt in 1799, capture with élan the royal mummies and the artifacts that accompanied the dead in their journey to the netherworld: urns, furniture, weapons, idols and the mummies of numerous mammals and birds. Karnak This plate is from a set on the Great Temple at Karnak, built during the New Kingdom at the time of Ramses III. This enormous complex is divided into three parts and is dedicated to the Theban Triad of gods, Amun, Mut and Khonsu. Its sculptures, internal bas-reliefs and sunken reliefs on the external facades are intricately captured by the engineers of the Institut, while the architects worked out the complex groundplan of this edifice, which was divided into facades, colonnaded halls and sacral spaces reserved for the temple priests. The alley of the monumental sphinx which links the site to the Luxor site was also the subject of a plate by Lepère, an architect from the Institut who took part in the expedition across Upper Egypt. Dendera The experts executed views and drawings of the temples of Dendera (or Tentyra), a city in Upper Egypt 60km to the north of Luxor. They have captured, with an exceptional degree of graphic artistry, the thick, round nature of the sculpted reliefs of the great Temple of Hathor, built under the Ptolemies in the first half of the 1st century BC. They also produced interesting views of the neighboring temples as well as a selection of reliefs of the "Dendera Zodiac", a chapel dedicated to Osiris and located beneath the temple of Hathor. Its famous astronomical relief was discovered by the French General Desaix - stationed in Upper Egypt by Bonaparte from 1798 - and taken back to France in 1821 by Claude Lelorrain; it is now on display in the Louvre. Another astronomical and cosmological relief on the ceiling of the hypostyle hall of the Temple of Hathor is the subject of a magnificent plate by Jollois and Devilliers. This covers seven soffit coffers of the ceiling and is an immense allegorical image showing several levels of consciousness: that of cosmogony, the constellations and their effect on the Earth, the creation of Man, and the Nomes of Egypt, symbolized by 21 pairs of wings topped with the red crown of Lower Egypt and the white tiara of Upper Egypt. The Pyramids at Memphis The Giza Plateau, near Memphis, is home to three of the most famous Ancient Egyptian Pyramids, the tombs of Cheops, Khafre and Menkaure, Pharaohs of the 4th Dynasty (2620-2500 BC). The experts of the Institut, hurrying to Memphis, explored the plateau and made numerous views of these majestic pyramids, towering over inhabitants and mounted figures. They also made minutely detailed views of the epigraphs on the tombs adjacent to the pyramids, as well as views of the Sphinx of Gaza near the Pyramid of Khafre. Views of Alexandria A plate taken from a set of view of Alexandria as it was found by Napoleon's army in June 1798. Embarking in Toulon on the 14th May, his troops disembarked at Alexandria a month later and explored this port city before heading towards Cairo to take the capital. Imprimerie Impériale Paris 1809-1829 71x53,5cm une feuille

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        DESCRIPTION DE L'EGYPTE. Thèbes. Bybân el Molouk. Tableau astronomique peint au plafond du premier tombeau des rois à l'ouest. (ANTIQUITES, volume II, planche 82)

      Original, unshaved, full-page etching from the "Imperial edition" of the Description de l'Égypte, or 'Recueil des observations et recherches faites en Égypte pendant l'expédition française, publié par les ordres de Sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand [A Collection of the observations and research carried out in Egypt during the French expedition, published on the orders of his Majesty the Emperor Napoleon the Great]'. Produced between February 1802 and 1830 on the orders of Naopleon Bonaparte and published between 1809 and 1828, 1,000 copies were printed and distributed to institutions, on vergé paper with an 'Égypte ancienne et moderne' watermark, visible when held up to the light. Light marginal spotting not touching image, otherwise in very fresh, fine condition. An engraving from the Description de l'Egypte, one of the masterpieces of French printing and the birth of a new field: Egyptology. A gigantic survey of Egypt at the time of Bonaparte's conquests in 1798 and 1799, the work is divided into 13 volumes of engravings making up 892 plates, of which 72 colored, as well as presenting the splendors of the Egypt of the Pharaohs in 9 volumes. The other volumes discuss natural history and present a fascinating portrait of Coptic and Islamic Egypt as it was seen by Bonaparte's Eastern Armies. The 'Egyptian campaign', militarily a disaster, demonstrates, through the engravings of the Description d'Egypte, the scientific success it nonetheless became thanks to the 167 expert members of the Commission of the Sciences and Arts of the Institut d'Egypte [Egyptian Institute] who followed Napoleon's army. The Institut gathered together in Egypt the mathematician Monge, the chemist Berthollet, the naturalist Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire as well as numerous artists, engineers, architects and doctors. They were tasked with re-discovering modern and ancient Egypt and displaying its natural treasures as well as the know-how of its inhabitants. This edition, the so-called "Imperial" edition of the plates for the Description de l'Egypte was printed in four large formats, two of which were specially created for it and christened "Moyen-Egypte" and "Grand-Egypte". A special press was built to print it, the process extending over 20 years, from 1809 to 1829. The "Imperial" edition proved so popular that a second edition, this time in black and white and without the "Egypte ancienne et moderne" watermark - known as the "Royal Edition" - was published during the Restoration by the printing house of C.-L.-F. Panckoucke (Paris). The engravings of the Description d'Egypte owe a great deal to Baron Dominique-Vivant Denon, illustrator, diplomat, collector and later Director of the Musée Napoléon (the Louvre). His exploration of the South of Egypt gave Bonaparte the idea of sending the experts of the Institut there, thus creating a faithful and complete portrait of the area. This was the research gathered together from 1802 in the mammoth Description de L'Egypte. Denon embarked on this story of archeological exploration at the age of 51, reaching first Alexandria and then Cairo before exploring Upper Egypt. Along with the members of the Institut d'Egypte, the Natural History Museum's painter H.J. Redouté (brother of Pierre-Joseph Redouté, author of Roses), the mineralogist Dolomiue, and the draughtsman Joly, Denon then explored the Nile Delta and Lower Egypt. When, however, he joined the 21st Light Infantry Regiment as it marched across Upper Egypt in pursuit of the retreating Mameluks in November 1798, he found himself the only civilian. In the very midst of the battle itself, he reeled off sketches of the works of art that peppered his path right up to the threshold of the Sudan. He said that he had crossed "a country that is, apart from its name, entirely unknown to Europeans, and therefore everything was worth describing" (Voyages dans la Basse et la Haute Egypte pendant les campagnes de Bonaparte en 1798 et 1799, 1817). On his return to Cairo, the great general, spellbound by Denon's accounts and drawings ordered two commissions to be set up, led by the engineers Fourier and Costaz. They were tasked with the scientific study of the ancient remains in Upper Egypt; research that proved a significant contribution to the monumental Description d'Egypte, from which this plate is taken. ANCIENT EGYPTThese engravings therefore represent a unique body of material that contributed to Jean-François Champollion's deciphering of hieroglyphics, and which mark the beginning of the line of Mariette, Maspero and Carter, who would reshape the face of Ancient Egypt. They also started a craze that gave birth to the phenomenon of Egyptomania and the Orientalism of Delacroix, Fromentin, Marilhat, Decamps and Théophile Gautier. Financiers, politicians, merchants and all kinds of treasure-hunters made their way to the banks of the Nile in search of riches, following this rediscovery of Egypt. The originators of Egyptology, these plates were to have a hugely influential afterlife. NATURAL HISTORYThese engravings show the scientific genius of the French experts then working on the ground in Egypt, laying the foundations for its becoming a French colony. This colonizing project, which had been mooted since the reign of Louis XIV, was now accompanied - with Bonaparte's arrival - by an in-depth study of the country's fauna and flora thanks to the work of the most eminent naturalists, mineralogists, and entomologists of the day. The Description de l'Egypte shows all of this immense scientific undertaking through its engravings, which were done after drawings by members of the Academy of Science, including Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hillaire, Alire Raffenau-Delile and Henri-Joseph Redouté. In the words of Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, "We have gathered the material for the greatest work that a nation could hope to undertake. In mourning the fate of so many brave soldiers who - after so many glorious exploits - fell in Egypt, we shall be able to console ourselves that such precious works came into being." MODERN EGYPTThe genius of the experts of the Institut d'Egypte is revealed in the plates of the section known as "Modern Egypte". Architecture, industry, social organization, conditions of health, irrigation, music, and crafts, are all presented with exceptional precision and powers of description. The spirit of Diderot and d'Alembert's Encyclopédie runs through the work of the draughtsmen of the Description de L'Egypte, who accompanied the text volumes with numerous detailed plates, undertaking to produce a portrait of the local population that was imbued with both beauty and respect. Wealthy Pashas and simple artisan potters are sensitively represented here, going about their business in beautifully composed images that nonetheless do not fall into the traps of idealism or caricature. ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE (the "Cairo" plates) The set of engravings to which this plate belongs constitutes one of the first complete studies of the monuments of Islamic Egypt in Cairo, bringing together maps, sections and elevations of mosques, mausoleums and fortifications, from the Tulunid era in the 9th century up to the Mameluk constructions contemporaneous with the arrival of the Bonapartist troops. At the same time, the architects and engineers of the Institut d'Egypte also made a big series of plates dedicated to civilian housing and edifices in Cairo, including both grander and more modest constructions, providing a precious picture of life in Cairo at the end of the 19th century. BAB AL FOUTOUH Bab el-Foutouh, " The Conquest Gate" marks the northern limit of Fatimid old Cairo. Rebuilt in 1087, it is highly defensive in nature owing to the turbulent climate in 11th Century Cairo, which saw a number of popular uprisings. An imposing gate, it has two semicircular towers with low-slung arches made of heavy blocks of stone anchored within the ramparts. The sizeable passage through the gate (4.85m wide by 6.79m high) has a shallow dome. BAB EL NASR Bab el-Nasr, "The Victory Gate" is on the northern wall of the Fatimid fortress in Cairo. Its two enormous rectangular towers were rebuilt in 1087 after a long period of popular uprisings. On this highly attractive frontal image signed Protain, one can admire the sculpted shields in the corners of the gate and on the towers, symbolizing victory and protection against invaders. After taking Cairo, Napoleon named all the towers along the wall of the fortress after the officers assigned to guard them. Their names are still engraved on the upper parts of the walls of the gate. SULTAN HASSAN MOSQUEThe massive architectural complex constructed by Sultan Hassan at the foot of the citadel in Cairo was built in the ostentatious style so characteristic of Mameluk architecture. Completed in 1356, the Sultan Hassan Mosque has a monumental gate and a 57m high minaret. This group of buildings, comprising a mausoleum that was never put to use, was strategically built on the site of a square that saw the start of a number of popular uprisings. The mosque was heavily inspired by Iranian models. Philae This plate is taken from a set of engravings dedicated to the Temple of Isis on the island of Philae. The final bastion of the worship of the ancient Egyptian gods, the temple of Isis was the last pagan temple to be in use before it was closed in the 6th century A.D. under Justinian. Construction on the temple began under the Ptolemies, a period of growth for the Isis cult. Isis was the sister and wife of Osiris and mother to Horus. Kom Ombo (Ombos) The Kom Ombo site, 40 kilometers from Aswan, is home to one of the best preserved ancient Egyptian temples, dedicated to Sobek, a crocodile god and Haroeris, a form of Horus. Built in the Ptolemaic era, it was actually founded during the XVIIIth Dynasty. Its massive Composite capitals and highly accomplished reliefs are captured accurately by the draughtsmen of the Institut d'Egypte, Jollois, Balzac and Cécile. The dual aspect of its design, intended for worship of two different divine triads - those of Sobek and Haroeris - is reproduced in great detail by the architects and engineers of the Egyptian campaign through this set of prints, which preceded the first archeological digs in the building by Auguste Mariette in 1828.Edfu This plate is taken from a series of views of the great temple at Edfu and the various buildings in its cultic complex. The temple of Horus, a jewel of Ptolemaic architecture and exceptionally well-preserved, is made up of a majestic entry gate and a hypostyle chamber, which are both extensively documented thanks to the engravings by the experts of the Institut d'Egypte. Begun in 237 BC by Ptolemy III and completed 180 years later under Tiberius, it proved an extraordinary sight for the draughtsmen come to explore the left bank of the Nile.Esna and its environs The town of Esna (Esneh or Latopolis in Bonaparte's time), lies fifty kilometers to the south of Luxor. The experts from the Institut de l'Egypte documented their discovery of its temple, dedicated to Khnum, one of the gods of creation who worked with clay and had the head of a ram; he controlled the life-giving flooding of the Nile, the source of fertility. He was associated with Nebt-uu, the mistress of the countryside and Menhyt, a goddess with the head of a lion. This temple, partially rebuilt during the Ptolemaic era, was added to right up to the reign of Tiberius. The draughtsmen also produced a number of views of the neighboring temples, most notably the less well-preserved temple of Contra-Latopolis to the north of Esna.Thebes Medinet-Habu Close to Thebes and Luxor on the left bank of the Nile, the city of Medinet-Habu is home to one of the most attractive temples of New Kingdom period Egypt, the mortuary temple of Ramses III. This dates from the middle of the 12th century BC, and is based on the famous Ramesseum of his predecessor, which it surpasses in size. A funerary temple celebrating the Pharaoh, the experts of the Institut d'Egypte set about creating cross-sections, plans and elevations, and most especially capturing its numerous bas-reliefs. The architects and draughtsmen also focused on the Royal Palace and its internal peristyle within the 12-metre fortress that encircles the religious complex, including the Temple of Amon, located at the south-east of the site and begun in the reign of Hatshepsut at the end of the 15th Century BC. Memnonium The Memnonium, a name used by visitors to the Valley of the Kings from 1750 to 1850, refers to a set of three royal buildings constructed during the New Kingdom: the Ramesseum, the Temple of Amenhotep III and the Temple of Sethi I. The draughtsmen and architects of Bonaparte's Institut, sent out on expedition across Upper Egypt from 1799 documented Thebes and the Valley of the Kings, even attempting to reconstruct some of the buildings on the basis of descriptions by Classical authors. The tomb of Ozymandias (one of the numerous names of Ramses II), in a very poor state, thus became the subject of very thorough study and an attempt to fill in its missing bits on the basis of the writings of Diodurus Siculus. This Greek historian of the Augustine period stayed in the valley of the Nile from 60-57 BC and his visit to the tomb of Ramses II is recounted in his monumental Bibliotheca Historica (Book I, XLVII-XLIX).At the same time, the experts also made extremely detailed studies and views of the Colossi of Memnon, all that remains of a huge memorial temple to Amenhotep III built on the road to the necropolis in the Valley of the Kings. These colossi were located at the entrance to the temple in front of a preliminary pylon made of brick. These two statues represent King Amenhotep III framed to the right by the great Royal Consort Tiy and to the left by the Queen Mother Mutemwiya. Hypogea and Biban el Moluk This plate is taken from a series of engravings of the hypogea in the Valley of the Kings (Biban el Moluk) in Thebes. Some are in color to show the vivid hues of the sarcophaguses and mysterious murals whose secret had yet to be broken by Jean-François Champollion. The draughtsmen of the Institut, including the famous Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, sent by Napoleon to cover Upper Egypt in 1799, capture with élan the royal mummies and the artifacts that accompanied the dead in their journey to the netherworld: urns, furniture, weapons, idols and the mummies of numerous mammals and birds. Karnak This plate is from a set on the Great Temple at Karnak, built during the New Kingdom at the time of Ramses III. This enormous complex is divided into three parts and is dedicated to the Theban Triad of gods, Amun, Mut and Khonsu. Its sculptures, internal bas-reliefs and sunken reliefs on the external facades are intricately captured by the engineers of the Institut, while the architects worked out the complex groundplan of this edifice, which was divided into facades, colonnaded halls and sacral spaces reserved for the temple priests. The alley of the monumental sphinx which links the site to the Luxor site was also the subject of a plate by Lepère, an architect from the Institut who took part in the expedition across Upper Egypt. Dendera The experts executed views and drawings of the temples of Dendera (or Tentyra), a city in Upper Egypt 60km to the north of Luxor. They have captured, with an exceptional degree of graphic artistry, the thick, round nature of the sculpted reliefs of the great Temple of Hathor, built under the Ptolemies in the first half of the 1st century BC. They also produced interesting views of the neighboring temples as well as a selection of reliefs of the "Dendera Zodiac", a chapel dedicated to Osiris and located beneath the temple of Hathor. Its famous astronomical relief was discovered by the French General Desaix - stationed in Upper Egypt by Bonaparte from 1798 - and taken back to France in 1821 by Claude Lelorrain; it is now on display in the Louvre. Another astronomical and cosmological relief on the ceiling of the hypostyle hall of the Temple of Hathor is the subject of a magnificent plate by Jollois and Devilliers. This covers seven soffit coffers of the ceiling and is an immense allegorical image showing several levels of consciousness: that of cosmogony, the constellations and their effect on the Earth, the creation of Man, and the Nomes of Egypt, symbolized by 21 pairs of wings topped with the red crown of Lower Egypt and the white tiara of Upper Egypt. The Pyramids at Memphis The Giza Plateau, near Memphis, is home to three of the most famous Ancient Egyptian Pyramids, the tombs of Cheops, Khafre and Menkaure, Pharaohs of the 4th Dynasty (2620-2500 BC). The experts of the Institut, hurrying to Memphis, explored the plateau and made numerous views of these majestic pyramids, towering over inhabitants and mounted figures. They also made minutely detailed views of the epigraphs on the tombs adjacent to the pyramids, as well as views of the Sphinx of Gaza near the Pyramid of Khafre. Views of Alexandria A plate taken from a set of view of Alexandria as it was found by Napoleon's army in June 1798. Embarking in Toulon on the 14th May, his troops disembarked at Alexandria a month later and explored this port city before heading towards Cairo to take the capital. Imprimerie Impériale Paris 1809-1829 71x53,5cm une feuille

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        Raccolta di cinquanta costumi pittoreschi incisi all'acqua forte da Bartolomeo Pinelli romano.

      Lorenzo Lazzari alla Convertite, Roma 1809 - Folio, oblungo (275x420 mm), leg. in mezza pelle coeva con angoli, dorso a cinque nervi, titolo in oro al dorso, carte marezzate ai piatti, guardie in carta marmorizzata, frontespizio e 50 tavole incise in rame. Rara prima edizione della prima raccolta di costumi pittoreschi dell'agro romano, assai celebre e ricercata così definita da Cicognara 1762: "Questi sono tolti la più parte dalle abitudini del popolo romano, e sono espressi con una verità e fedeltà insuperabile". L'ultima tavola rappresenta il riposo dell'autore tra le rovine con il motto scolpito sulla lapide: "Tutto finisce". Prov.: Etichetta al contropiatto anteriore con indicazione d'appartenenza a Enrico Sartorio, con motto "ad excelsa tendo". Rif.: IT\ICCU\MODE\032543. Colas 2370. Cond.: Piccola lacuna al margine bianco del frontespizio, fioriture e bruniture, dorso leggermente abraso; nel complesso trattasi di opera in condizioni generali decisamente buone. -- RARE FIRST EDITION OF THE FIRST COLLECTION OF PICTURESQUE COSTUMES OF THE ROMAN COUNTRYSIDE BY PINELLI. Title-page and 50 etched plates, contemporary half calf. Small lack of paper at the white margin of the title page, usual foxing and browning, spine slightly abraded; on the whole, copy in quite good condition. 1685g. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

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        The geographical, natural, and civil history of Chili. Translated from the original Italian of the Abbe Don J. Ignatius Molina. To which are added, notes from the Spanish and French versions, and two appendixes .

      London Longman 1809 - First London edition. 2 volumes in 1, 8vo,xx, 321; xii, 385pp., 3 pages of ads at end of each volume, engraved folding map, contemporary half calf, marbled boards, green morocco label, light wear, an excellent copy. This translation by Richard Alsop and William Shaler was apparently a copy of the American edition of the preceding year, with a few alterations and some additions, but without any acknowledgment of the American original. The first volume is devoted to natural history and the second to what is described as the civil history of Chili. Sabin 49894. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

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        Glorwina das wilde Maedchen in Irrland. Aus dem englischen übersetzt von dem Verfasser des Romans Heliodora (i.e. Wilhelm Adolf Lindau). 3 volumes bound in 1.

      Leipzig, W. Rein & Comp., 1809. - 8vo (16.5 : 10 cm). I: Engraved frontispiece after Schnorr von Carolsfeld, XXIV (including engraved title), 142 p. - II: 156 p. - III: 202, (2) p. First German translation of ?The Wild Irish Girl, a National Tale? First published in 1806, the novel immediately established Owenson (later Lady Morgan) as a celebrity: ?Here, Owenson, created a marketable heroine in the beautiful, harp-playing Gaelic princess, Glorvina O?Melville, who causes an Englishman, Horatio Mortimer, to revise his erroneous presumptions about the Irish being uncultured and uncouth. Long before Trilby hats and Harry Potter toothbrushes, Owenson mastered the art of the commercial spin-off as Glorvina bodkins and mantles became all the rage for upper-class Anglo-Irish women keen to emulate the Celtic chic embodied by Owenson?s character. Cashing in on the phenomenon, and demonstrating what was to be a life-long business acumen, Owenson acted out the role of Glorvina in her own life, signing off her letters as ?Glorvina?, and attending parties where she donned ancient Celtic costume, fulfilled the part of a witty, charming colleen, and played what became one of her most significant fashion accessories - the harp (J. Donovan, Sydney Owenson, Lady Morgan and the politics of style, 2009, p. 3). W. A. Lindau is well known as a translator of the works of Jane Austen and Walter Scott into German. - Goedeke VI, 386, 23 (Lindau) and VII, 728, 442 (Owenson). - Binding slightly rubbed and faded. A fine, clean copy. Contemporary tree calf, gilt spine with red and green labels and a blank numbering piece, marbled endpapers, red edges. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

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        Recueil de sept pieces. Sammelband mit 7 wichtigen Arbeiten. Collected Volume with 7 important contributions.

      Paris 1809-1813, 8, Halbledereinband der Zeit Rücken erneuert frisches Exemplar ExLigris. Rare - Seven First Separate Editions, including the birth of modern pharmacology and Magendie's classic description of the physiology of vomiting!1. : Examen de l'action de quelques végétaux sur la moelle épinière. Lu a l'Institut, le vingt-quatre avril 1809 (22pp.)."In a series of ingenious experiments on various animals, (Magendie and Raffeneau-Delile) studied the toxic action of several drugs of vegetable origin, particulary of upas, nux vomica, and St-Ignatius' s bean. As Olmsted observes, theses experiments mark the beginning of modern pharmacology." DSB IX, p.82. : Mémoire sur les organes de l'absorption chez les mammifères. Lu à l'Institut, le sept Août 1809 (16 pp.).In 1809 Magendie presented to the Académie des Sciences and to the Société Philomatique the results of his first experimental work, which he carried out in collaboration with the botanist and physician Alire Raffeneau-Delille (1778-1850). In a series of ingenious experiments on various animals, the two investigators studied the toxic action of several drugs of vegetable origin, particularly of upas, nux vomica, and St.-Ignatius's bean. These experiments mark the beginning of modern pharmacology. For the first time an experimental comparison was made of the similar effects produced by drugs of different botanical origin. Magendie held that the toxic or medicinal action of natural drugs depends on the chemical substances they contain, and it should be possible to obtain these substances in the pure state. As early as 1809 he suspected the existence of strychnine, later isolated, in accord with his predictions, by Pierre Joseph Pelletier (1788-1842) in 1819. Moreover, in 1817, in collaboration with Pelletier, Magendie discovered emetine, the active principle of ipeac.3. : Expériences pour servir à l'histoire de la transfusion pulmonaire Mémoire à l'Institut de France, lwe 14. Janvier 1811 (Extrait de la Bibliothèque médicale, tome XXXII) (pp.3-20 , 2 pp.).4. : Mémoire sur le vomissement, lu a la premiere classe de l'Institut de France, par M. Magendie... suivi du rapport fait a la classe par MM. Cuvier, Humboldt, Pinel et Percy.-A Paris, chez Crochard (Paris, Crochard, 1813, (2), 48 pp.)."Physiologists still consult Magendie's classic description of the physiology of deglutition and vomiting. Magendie proved, against the current theory of Haller, that the stomach was passive rather than active in vomiting. This was essentially correct however Magendie did fail to observe the active role of the plyloric end of the stomach." Garrison & Morton 9855. : Mémoire sur l'usage de l'épiglotte dans la deglutition, presente a la Ire classe de l'Institut, le 22 mars 1813... suivi du rapport fait a la classe par MM. Pinel et Percy, et d'un memoire sur les images qui se forment au fond de l'oeil (Paris, Méquignon-Marvis, 1813, (4), 36 pp.)."Magendie showed that the epiglottis is not necessary for swallowing, which disproved the accepted doctrine that the epiglottis was necessary to cover the glottis to prevent food from entering the trachea." Garrison & Morton 985.16. : De l'influence de l'émétique sur l'homme et les animaux, memoire lu a la premiere classe de l'Institut de France, le 23 aout 1813... et suivi du rapport fait a la classe par MM. Cuvier, Humboldt, Pinel et Percy. (Paris, Crochard, 1813, 62 pp.).Magendie's report on his continuing experiments with emetics. Magendie proved, against the then-current theory of Haller, that the stomach was passive, not active, in vomiting. This is essentially correct however, Magendie failed to observe the active role of the pyloric end of the stomach in his account.7. : Mémoire sur l'osophage, lu a l'Institut de France, le 11 octobre 1813 (11, (1) pp.)."Magendie attempted to show the falsity of the current belief that the esophagus was a uniform muscular tube . . . The new facts which he brought forward were that while the upper half of this organ appeared to contract after the manner of voluntary muscle, the lower half exhibited peristaltic movements under control of the vagus nerve". Olmsted, p.548. : Réponse de G.(J.) Th. Marquais, chirurgien, au mémoire de M. Magendie [...] sur le vomissement (Paris, Méquignon-Marvis, 1813, 2, 17, (1) pp.).9. : Lettre à Monsieur J. Th. Marquai, chirurgien à Paris, auteur d'une Réponse au Mémoire de M. Magendie, sur le vomissement (Paris, Méquignon-Marvis, 1813, 2, 18 pp.)."Surrounded by a carnival of rampant speculation, Magendie developed an extraordinary repulsion for all theories. When any one spoke to him of medical doctrine or theory, he showed instinctively a feeling of horror. It produced upon him the effect of a false note upon the trained ear of a musician. His reply was always the same. "All that," he used to say, "is nothing but words! " - "To express an opinion, to believe," wrote Magendie, "is nothing else than to be ignorant. . . One could with justice say to you 'You believe, therefore you don't know.'"Magendie now began to show a prodigious activity. Within the next five years he published seven memoirs, four of which were read before the Academy, In these the author dealt with a great variety of topics. In his study of the organs of absorption in the mammalia he demonstrated by means of a series of ingenious experiments the power of the veins to absorb poisons injected into the tissues. He showed that the stomach was not necessary for the act of vomiting and that swallowing might take place without the aid of the epiglottis. The remaining memoirs were on pulmonary transpiration (5), on examination of images in the fundus oculi, on emetics, and on the function of the oesophagus."PERCY M. DAWSON, A BIOGRAPHY OF FRANCOIS MAGENDIE 1883-1855, 1908Garrison & Morton No.985 985.1

      [Bookseller: MedicusBooks.Com]
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        Versailles Paris and Saint Denis

      or a Series of Views made from Drawings made on the Spot... illustrative of the Capital of France, and the surrounding places with an historical and descriptive account.First edition. 40 hand-coloured aquatint plates. Folio. Fine twentieth-century olive green half morocco, marbled boards. [ii], 86, [2](list of plates, verso blank)pp. London,

      [Bookseller: Maggs Bros. Ltd.]
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        Poems on the Abolition of the Slave Trade; Written by James Montgomery, James Grahame, and E. Benger. Embellished with Engravings from Pictures Painted by R. Smirke, Esq. R.A.

      Printed for R. Bowyer, The Proprietor, London 1809 - First edition. Large quarto. Sympathetically rebound in later period-style quarter morocco and marbled papercovered boards, with dark red spine label. Engraved title and 12 plates. Some staining and foxing to the title and plates, smudging to the front fly, else a handsome, very good copy. A volume of poems commissioned by the London publisher Robert Bowyer to celebrate Britain's abolition of the slave trade. Work p. 309; Sabin 50145. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers-Rare Books, Inc. ABAA]
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        Gesamtansicht - Zinkberg Silbersand (Vue générale des mines de Silbersand).

      - Farblithographie v. Francois A. Maugendre (1809-1895), 1855, 24 x 38,5 cm Etwas stockfleckig ** Photos auf Wunsch im JPG-Format erhältlich.**

      [Bookseller: Kunsthandlung Goyert]
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        Trois grandes sonates pour le piano-forte, avec une [handschr.:] violon obligé. Oeuvre 31. Nro. I-III

      Bonn-Cologne : Simrock, PN 644 [Violinstimme Nr. 2-3 mit PN 446], [1809-10] - Stimmen. 40, 12 S. in 3 Heften. Violinstimme Nro. 1 fehlt. Quer-Gr. 4to. Gestochen. Besitzername auf Titel.

      [Bookseller: Paul van Kuik Antiquarian Music]
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        An improvement in the mode of administering the vapour bath, and in the apparatus connected with it;

      4to., 11 engraved plates (5 of which are folding), (6) + 16 + (17 - 22)pp. + 11 leaves of explanations of the plates, each printed on versos, well bound recently in holland-backed boards, spine lettered, entirely uncut. A fine copy.Publisher: London: John Booth.Year: 1809Edition: First edition. Wellcome II, p.364.

      [Bookseller: John Drury Rare Books]
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        Die Hebräerin am Putztische und als Braut [The Hebrew Woman at the Dressing Table and As a Bride]. 3 vol. With 9 copper engraved plates

      Anton Theodor HARTMANN: Die Hebräerin am Putztische und als Braut [The Hebrew Woman at the Dressing Table and As a Bride]. 3 vol. With 9 copper engraved plates. (= Uebersicht der wichtigsten Erfindungen in dem Reiche der Moden bei den Hebräerinnen von den Anfängen bis zur üppigsten Pracht [Overview of the Most Important Inventions Concerning Fashion Among Hebrew Women from the Beginnings to the Most Luxurious Splendor). Amsterdam: Kunst- und Industrie-Comptoir (Frommann und Wesselhöft, Jena) 1809 and 1810. 8vo. (vol. 1-2) and small-8vo. 1502 pages, 9 plates [I-XIII, incl. series title, title and 3 pages with dedications], XIV-XXXVI, [1], 2-466, [2, imprint] pages, plate 1 and 9; [4 (series title, title)], [1], 2-538, [2 (list of plates)], plates 2 to 8; [4 (series title, title)], [1-3], 4-448, [2 (errata)], [2 (imprint)]. Contemporary cased binding with marbled (covers) as well as blue (vol. 1-2) and turquoise (vol. 3) papers (spines) over cardboards. Only edition of this important work on Jewish life and customs by German theologian and orientalist Anton Theodor Hartmann. Written in belletristic style this account, printed on bright quality mould paper and profusely illustrated with nine bound-in copper engraved plates, contains an extensive overview of the most important developments in fabrics, metals, colours, spices, jewels and the use of these in the life of Hebrew women. Periods covered are from the earliest times of Hebrew history until the destruction of Jerusalem under Titus in the first century. (Thanks to Eric Chaim Kline, Santa Monica). Vol. 1 and 2 of this copy (vol. 3 derives from another provenience) has the outstandingly rare condition of an early stage binding, as the leafs were bound-in partly uncut and therefore still have wide margins and fringes. The plates are bound-in at the end and vol. 2 also contains a page with „notes for the book-binder". Small ¼ part missing on bottom of title pages and pages 49/50 of vol. 1 and 2 as well as plates 8 and 9 (not affecting text of engravings), vol. 2 with some barely seeable water-staining on top edge, front leaf of vol. 3 with elimination stamps of a German library, covers at edges and corners in parts strongly worn and torn, otherwise fine copy on bright, well preserved paper without any foxing. Though according to OCLC not rare in German libraries, this edition was rarely offered indeed during the last 7 decades. According to APO only 4 auction entries are traceable, the last one 33 years ago (1950, 1965, 1974, 1984).

      [Bookseller: Domenico Jacono - VdAÖ / ILAB]
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        VOYAGES AU PÉROU, FAITS DANS LES ANNÉES 1791 À 1794, PAR LES PP. MANUEL SOBREVIELA, ET NARCISSO Y BARCELO (.).

      DENTU 1809 - SKINNER, JOHN. VOYAGES AU PÉROU, FAITS DANS LES ANNÉES 1791 À 1794, PAR LES PP. MANUEL SOBREVIELA, ET NARCISSO Y BARCELO (.). PARIS, J.G. DENTU, 1809. 2 VOLUMES TEXTE, BROCHAGE DE L'ÉPOQUE: PAPIER À LA COLLE ROSE, ÉTIQ. DE TITRE MS. AU DOS (DOS PASSÉS). ATLAS, CARTONNAGE SOUPLE DE L'ÉPOQUE: PLEIN PAPIER JAUNE MOUCHETÉ, ÉTIQ. IMPRIMÉE AU PLAT SUP., DOS LISSE (LACUNES AU DOS). ÉDITION ORIGINALE DE LA TRADUCTION PAR P.-F. HENRY (ÉDITION ANGLAISE: 1805). COMPLET DE L'ATLAS QUI MANQUE SOUVENT, AVEC LA CARTE DE M. LAPIE D'UNE AUTRE ÉDITION. LES 12 PLANCHES COLORIÉES FIGURENT DES COSTUMES ET PARURES TRADITIONNELS (INCA, GUERRIERS INDIEN, TORÉADOR, HABITS DE FÊTE, LAMAS, ETC.) COMPILÉ PAR SKINNER D’APRÈS LES PREMIERS VOLUMES DU "MERCURIO PERUANO", PÉRIODIQUE PARU DE 1791 À 1795, LE TEXTE DONNE DE NOMBREUSES INFORMATIONS SUR LE PAYS ET UNE DESCRIPTION DES DIFFÉRENTES PROVINCES. FIRST EDITION OF THE FRENCH TRANSLATION OF THE ENGLISH EDITION (1805). WITH THE ATLAS, OFTEN MISSING, AND ITS 12 COLOUR PLATES OF COSTUMES, WITH THE MAP FROM ANOTHER EDITION. TRÈS RARE (REF: P1-27/ATLAS-P1-R2) [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Im Perraud]
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        Thoughts on the Study of Political Economy, As connected with the population, industry and paper currency of the United States.

      Cambridge, MA: printed by Hilliard and Metcalf, 1809 - Octavo (214 x 133 mm). Recent buff paper-backed blue boards, paper label to front board printed in black, sprinkled blue edges. Contents browned and foxed with a little offsetting, overall a very good copy. First edition of the eminent civil engineer's treatise promoting the study of political economy, "a science so eminently conducive to the improvement of all our social and political relations" (p. 71). "Baldwin advocated, as a remedy for the evils of the irregular currency of the time, that the state banks be consolidated, and that the capital of the United States Bank be extended. He favoured internal improvements in his country, and displayed more than ordinary appreciation of the use of statistics; he also advised that the United States census of 1810 should include a record of births, deaths, and marriages" (Palgrave I). Loammi Baldwin, Jr. (1780–1838) was a Harvard graduate who, from his engineering practice in Charleston, Massachusetts, worked on several large-scale public projects, such as the construction of Pennsylvania's Union and Harrisburg canals, and the first two naval dry docks built in America. Each presented, in some way, a milestone in American engineering, and many were some of the era's largest civic works projects. Kress B.5478; not in Einaudi or Goldsmiths'. See Palgrave I, p. 90. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington. ABA member]
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        Voyages dans l'Amérique méridionale. Depuis 1781 jusqu'en 1801. Publiés d'après les manuscrits de l'auteur avec une notice sur sa vie et ses écrits par C. A. Walckenaer.

      Dentu, imprimeur-libraire, Paris 1809 - "Félix de Azara. A Fundamental Work For America ". Four vols. 8vo. + Atlas in small folio with 25 engraved maps, plans, views and plates of animals and birds; original bindings in half leather. FIRST EDITION of this rare travel work, complete with the volumes of text and the atlas. Félix de Azara, Spanish colonel and engineer, was commissioned to demark the limits of the Spanish possession in Paraguay and those of Portugal in Brazil; he was in South America for over 20 years to carry out this work. Upon his return, he wrote this extraordinary work that contains a detailed and well-written political and geographic description of Paraguay and the countries of Rio de la Plata, including the history of the conquest and numerous details of natural history, including beautiful engravings in the Atlas, and information regarding the primitive inhabitants of these countries; he also provides information relative to the role of the Jesuits in the missions. 4vols. volumen(es)/volume(s) S.P. páginas [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Libreria de Antano (ILAB & ABA Members)]
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        An original and authentic journal of occurrences during the late American War, from its commencement to the year 1783

      Dublin: Wilkinson and Courtney, 1809. First and only edition, bound from 11 original parts, 8vo, pp. iv, xxiv, [5]-438; includes a 16-p. subscriber list; table of order of battle inserted at p. 158; contemporary marbled boards neatly rebacked; worn; title-page spotted; good and sound. An important eyewitness account by a soldier serving under Burgoyne until captured at Saratoga; who then escaped and served with Cornwallis in the southern theatre. Howes L36 noting that it was originally issued in 11 parts; Clark I, 268; Sabin 38724.

      [Bookseller: Rulon-Miller Books]
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        The Bricklayer's Guide to the Mensuration of all sorts of Brick-Work, according to the London practice, with observations on the causes and cure of smoaky chimnies, the formation of drains, and the best construction of ovens to be heated with coals, etc.

      London: J. Taylor at the Architectural Library, 1809. Collation, 10pp, 3pp catalogue, [1]pp+112pp, 6pp catalogue, 9 full page engraved plates, half title present.Bound in half cloth, with marble paper covered boards, gilt title lettering. Binding in exceellnt condition.Internally, no loose pages, inner joint showing between a few pages. Pages and illustrations in very good clean condition. A very good clean well bound copy of a very rare book.8812.A4. First And Only Edition. Very Good. 8vo.

      [Bookseller: George Jeffery Books]
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        The history and delineation of the horse, in all his varieties

      Comprehending the appropriate uses, management, an progressive improvement of each with a particular investigation of the character of the race-horse, and the business of the turf. Illustrated by anecdotes and biographical notes of distinguished sportsmen. With instructions for breeding, breaking, training, and the general management of the horse, both in a state of health and of disease. Mit gestochenem Titebild, gestochener Widmung an Georg Prince of Wales, 1 Plan und 12 Stahlstichtafeln mit Pferdedarstellungen, zum Teil mit Reitern von John Scott und Textvignetten. 288 Seiten, 2 Blätter Index und 1 Blatt weiß. Brauner Halblederband der Zeit. Lowndes 1324: "With beautifull line engravings . . . " Neville, Sporting books S. 28. Die dekorativen Tafeln zeigen u. a. berühmte Rennpferde. Innen gebräunt und etwas fleckig, teilweise stärker und mit Unterstreichungen mit Farbstift (rot). Vorsatzblatt mit Rotstiftnotizen des Vorbesitzers. Der Buchblock ist in einer Lage gebrochen. Einband bestoßen und am Rücken defekt, etwas angebrochen und mit kleinen Fehlstellen. Trotzdem gutes Exemplar der sehr seltenen Ausgabe. Bild von einer Tafel. Albion Press. London. 1809. Mit Gebrauchsspuren/Used condition. Halbleder/Hardcover. Sprache: englisch/english.

      [Bookseller: Antikbuch24]
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        Recueil de sept pieces. Sammelband mit 7 wichtigen Arbeiten. Collected Volume with 7 important contributions.

      - Paris 1809-1813, 8°, Halbledereinband der Zeit; Rücken erneuert; frisches Exemplar; ExLigris. Rare - Seven First Separate Editions, including the birth of modern pharmacology and Magendie's classic description of the physiology of vomiting! 1. : Examen de l'action de quelques végétaux sur la moelle épinière. Lu a l'Institut, le vingt-quatre avril 1809 (22pp.). "In a series of ingenious experiments on various animals, (Magendie and Raffeneau-Delile) studied the toxic action of several drugs of vegetable origin, particulary of upas, nux vomica, and St-Ignatius' s bean. As Olmsted observes, theses experiments mark the beginning of modern pharmacology." DSB IX, p.8 2. : Mémoire sur les organes de l'absorption chez les mammifères. Lu à l'Institut, le sept Août 1809 (16 pp.). In 1809 Magendie presented to the Académie des Sciences and to the Société Philomatique the results of his first experimental work, which he carried out in collaboration with the botanist and physician Alire Raffeneau-Delille (1778-1850). In a series of ingenious experiments on various animals, the two investigators studied the toxic action of several drugs of vegetable origin, particularly of upas, nux vomica, and St.-Ignatius's bean. These experiments mark the beginning of modern pharmacology. For the first time an experimental comparison was made of the similar effects produced by drugs of different botanical origin. Magendie held that the toxic or medicinal action of natural drugs depends on the chemical substances they contain, and it should be possible to obtain these substances in the pure state. As early as 1809 he suspected the existence of strychnine, later isolated, in accord with his predictions, by Pierre Joseph Pelletier (1788-1842) in 1819. Moreover, in 1817, in collaboration with Pelletier, Magendie discovered emetine, the active principle of ipeac. 3. : Expériences pour servir à l'histoire de la transfusion pulmonaire ; Mémoire à l'Institut de France, lwe 14. Janvier 1811 (Extrait de la Bibliothèque médicale, tome XXXII) (pp.3-20 , 2 pp.). 4. : Mémoire sur le vomissement, lu a la premiere classe de l'Institut de France, par M. Magendie. suivi du rapport fait a la classe par MM. Cuvier, Humboldt, Pinel et Percy.-A Paris, chez Crochard (Paris, Crochard, 1813, (2), 48 pp.). "Physiologists still consult Magendie's classic description of the physiology of deglutition and vomiting. Magendie proved, against the current theory of Haller, that the stomach was passive rather than active in vomiting. This was essentially correct; however Magendie did fail to observe the active role of the plyloric end of the stomach." Garrison & Morton 985 5. : Mémoire sur l'usage de l'épiglotte dans la deglutition, presente a la Ire classe de l'Institut, le 22 mars 1813. suivi du rapport fait a la classe par MM. Pinel et Percy, et d'un memoire sur les images qui se forment au fond de l'oeil (Paris, Méquignon-Marvis, 1813, (4), 36 pp.). "Magendie showed that the epiglottis is not necessary for swallowing, which disproved the accepted doctrine that the epiglottis was necessary to cover the glottis to prevent food from entering the trachea." Garrison & Morton 985.1 6. : De l'influence de l'émétique sur l'homme et les animaux, memoire lu a la premiere classe de l'Institut de France, le 23 aout 1813. et suivi du rapport fait a la classe par MM. Cuvier, Humboldt, Pinel et Percy. (Paris, Crochard, 1813, 62 pp.). Magendie's report on his continuing experiments with emetics. Magendie proved, against the then-current theory of Haller, that the stomach was passive, not active, in vomiting. This is essentially correct; however, Magendie failed to observe the active role of the pyloric end of the stomach in his account. 7. : Mémoire sur l'osophage, lu a l'Institut de France, le 11 octobre 1813 (11, (1) pp.). "Magendie attempted to show the falsity of the current belief that the esophagus was a uniform muscular tube . . . The new . [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiq. F.-D. Söhn - Medicusbooks.Com]
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        Essays And Treatises On Several Subjects [1809 Ct 2 Vols] Signed By Clement Biddle

      Bell and Bradfute Et Al,, Edinburgh 1809 - 0 572, 532 pages; Vol I with both covers detached but complete. Vol II VG. Both sets of contents clean and bright. Provenance Clement Biddle. [Clement Biddle 10 May 1740 Philadelphia, Delaware, Pennsylvania - 14 Jul 1814 ] . Buddle was a Quaker businessman in Philadelphia both before and after the American Revolution. He entered into his father's import/export firm at an early age, but from 1765 on pursued patriotic interests. In 1775 he helped to organize a Philadelphia volunteer regiment, the "Quaker Blues." Then in July 1776, he accepted a congressional appointment as deputy quartermaster-general in the Army with the rank of colonel. Serving under both General Washington and General Greene, Biddle participated in several battles. Clement Biddle, George Washington's Commissary General at Valley Forge. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: poor man's books (mrbooks)]
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        An improvement in the mode of administering the vapour bath, and in the apparatus connected with it; with plans of fixed and portable baths for hospitals and private houses, and some practical suggestions on the efficacy of vapour, in application to various diseases of the human fame, and as may be beneficial to the veterinary branch of medicine.

      London: John Booth. 1809. 4to., 11 engraved plates (5 of which are folding), (6) + 16 + (17 - 22)pp. + 11 leaves of explanations of the plates, each printed on versos, well bound recently in holland-backed boards, spine lettered, entirely uncut. A fine copy. First edition. Wellcome II, p.364. Basil Cochrane (1753-1826) was a Scottish civil servant, businessman, inventor, and wealthy nabob of early 19th century Britain. In 1792 he had taken over lucrative supply contracts for the British navy in India. By the time he returned to England in 1806 he had accumulated an enormous fortune having held contracts over the years totalling £1,418,236. (His accounts were long the subject of dispute with the Victualling Board, however). He built a large house in London at 12 Portman Square and it was there that he installed his improved 'vapour bath' or steam bath. He even allowed some members of the public to use it. In addition to the charming, and technically detailed, plates, Cochrane supplies details of 12 actual cases of people who, he claims, had benefited from use of the vapour bath. Although the present work is Cochrane's principal published work on his vapour baths, he published other papers on the same subject. Wellcome, for example, has a brief Addenda> published in 1810.

      [Bookseller: John Drury Rare Books]
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        Heldengesänge aus der Oper: Tigranes... Mit italienischem und deutschem Texte. Für das Pianoforte ausgezogen von M.G. Fischer (Der deutsche Text ist von D. Ch. Schreiber.)... Pr. 3 Thlr. [Piano-vocal score]

      Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel [PN 1421], 1809. First Edition (?second issue) of fifteen numbers from the opera. Lederbur p. 467. OCLC nos. 26769648, 916146394. BUC p. 891. RISM R1577. Not in Hoboken or Hirsch. Tigrane, to a libretto by Antonio de Filistri de' Caramondani, was first performed in Berlin on February 3, 1800. "Righini was mainly an opera composer, moving in the course of his career from opera buffa to opera seria. While little is known about his comic operas, his Berlin operas typify the late Metastasian opera in hybrid Italian-French style that were so much in favour at the Prussian court. The allegiance to Metastasian principles, subscribed to by the court poet Antonio Filistri de' Caramondani, rested on the still accepted view of court opera as representative opera, with its emphasis on ethical models and political allegory. This traditional dramaturgical structure, however, was enriched with elements taken from tragédie lyrique such as action-packed introduzioni, scene complexes, and ballets. Through his use of contrasting tempos and sectionalization in arias and ensembles, and through his dramatic use of instrumentation, Righini followed the tendencies towards heightened drama characterizing opera seria of his time. His ability to combine cantabile melody with rich orchestration was admired by his contemporaries as exemplifying the perfect German-Italian hybrid style." Christoph Henzel in Grove Music Online."The Berlin operas represent the peak of Righini's work... [They] were famous in their time and were praised for the way in which they combined expressive, authentically Italian vocal writing with German craftsmanship, but above all for their instrumentation, as in the 'sublime' horn, bassoon and cello trio in Tigrane..." Gudrun Becker-Weidmann in Grove Music Online.. Oblong folio. Original publisher's blue-gray printed wrappers with titling within decorative border to upper, table of contents within decorative border to lower. 1f. (title), 86 pp. Typeset. Text in Italian and German.Disbound. Wrappers slightly worn and foxed; detached. Slightly worn, browned, and foxed, heavier to some leaves; small perforation to lower margin of final leaf, not affecting music. A very good copy overall.

      [Bookseller: J & J Lubrano Music Antiquarians LLC ]
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        Heldengesänge aus der Oper: Tigranes... Mit italienischem und deutschem Texte. Für das Pianoforte ausgezogen von M.G. Fischer (Der deutsche Text ist von D. Ch. Schreiber.)... Pr. 3 Thlr. [Piano-vocal score]

      Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel [PN 1421], 1809. First Edition (?second issue) of fifteen numbers from the opera. Lederbur p. 467. OCLC nos. 26769648, 916146394. BUC p. 891. RISM R1577. Not in Hoboken or Hirsch. Tigrane, to a libretto by Antonio de Filistri de' Caramondani, was first performed in Berlin on February 3, 1800. "Righini was mainly an opera composer, moving in the course of his career from opera buffa to opera seria. While little is known about his comic operas, his Berlin operas typify the late Metastasian opera in hybrid Italian-French style that were so much in favour at the Prussian court. The allegiance to Metastasian principles, subscribed to by the court poet Antonio Filistri de' Caramondani, rested on the still accepted view of court opera as representative opera, with its emphasis on ethical models and political allegory. This traditional dramaturgical structure, however, was enriched with elements taken from tragédie lyrique such as action-packed introduzioni, scene complexes, and ballets. Through his use of contrasting tempos and sectionalization in arias and ensembles, and through his dramatic use of instrumentation, Righini followed the tendencies towards heightened drama characterizing opera seria of his time. His ability to combine cantabile melody with rich orchestration was admired by his contemporaries as exemplifying the perfect German-Italian hybrid style." Christoph Henzel in Grove Music Online. "The Berlin operas represent the peak of Righini's work... [They] were famous in their time and were praised for the way in which they combined expressive, authentically Italian vocal writing with German craftsmanship, but above all for their instrumentation, as in the 'sublime' horn, bassoon and cello trio in Tigrane..." Gudrun Becker-Weidmann in Grove Music Online.. Oblong folio. Original publisher's blue-gray printed wrappers with titling within decorative border to upper, table of contents within decorative border to lower. 1f. (title), 86 pp. Typeset. Text in Italian and German. Disbound. Wrappers slightly worn and foxed; detached. Slightly worn, browned, and foxed, heavier to some leaves; small perforation to lower margin of final leaf, not affecting music. A very good copy overall.

      [Bookseller: J & J Lubrano Music Antiquarians LLC]
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        Le macchine ottiche:

      Florence: presso Pietro Allegrini, , 1809. esercizio fisico-matematica che per Saggio dei suoi studj pubblicamente propone sotto la direzione dei CC. RR. delle scuole pie nella sala del Collegio di S. Michele di Volterra. Printed work and 2 manuscripts bound in 2 volumes, octavo (varying sizes: 223 x 160 mm & 197 x 140 mm). Bound to match in mid-19th-century Italian green calf, smooth spines lettered and decorated in gilt, sides with thick gilt rule outside scroll borders, enclosing the papal arms in gilt at centre, marbled endpapers. 1st volume: printed work (pp. 24; extended folding diagram) bound before 39 manuscript leaves, apparently incomplete at end, folding diagram at end. 2nd volume, title page in manuscript "Studi di matematica fatti da Giovanni Maria Mastai ferretti di Sinigaglia nel collego di Volterra" (dated 1808 and 1809) and 52 unnumbered leaves, written on both sides (two leaves with excisions). Extremities rubbed, stain to title of 2nd volume, overall very good. Rare first edition of Le macchine ottiche, the first and only scientific publication of the future Pope Pius IX, born Giovanni Maria Mastai Ferretti (1792–1878), who reigned as pope from 16 June 1846 to his death, bound together with two of his original academic manuscripts on optics and mathematics. Mastai was educated privately up to the age of 11, when he was sent to the College of St Michael, Volterra, under the Piarist Fathers, where he remained until 1809. Although his ultimate inclination was to study theology, he showed a keen interest in the scientific element of the school syllabus. The book prints his final academic essay presented at the conclusion of his studies. The printed book is rare, WorldCat locating two copies only worldwide: in the US, University of Wisconsin, Madison, and in Switzerland, Stiftung Bibliothek Werner Oechslin. Pius IX's long-term interest in science is reflected by one of his first acts as pope, his revival in 1847 of the Academy of Lynxes, which had dissolved after the death of its founder, but which Pius recreated under the name Accademia Pontificia dei Nuovi Lincei ("Pontifical Academy of the New Lynxes"). Pius IX was the longest-reigning elected pope in the history of the Catholic Church, serving for over 31 years. He is particularly remembered for his promulgation of the dogma of the Immaculate Conception, and for the First Vatican Council, convened in 1869, which defined the dogma of papal infallibility. He has been called the first public pope of the modern era. The larger of the two volumes, containing the printed work first, is inscribed on the first blank: "The manuscript part of this volume was written, as an examination paper in optics in September 1809, by His Holiness Pope Pius the IXth, then in his 20th year: and was given to me by Monsignor Talbot, of His Holiness, in the Vatican in 1867" signed by James Laird Patterson (1822–1902), papal chamberlain and later Auxiliary Bishop of Westminster. The second volume has an ownership inscription, also noting the book as the gift of George Talbot, dated 22 April 1875. Monsignor George Talbot (1816–1886), a converted Anglican priest who also served Pope Pius IX as one of his chamberlains, is notorious among English Catholics for his dislike of Newman and his remark, "What is the province of the laity? To hunt, to shoot, to entertain." In 1868 he was dismissed from the Roman curia and was placed in a mental institution near Paris. For many years the pope kept Talbot's apartments in the Vatican ready in case he should return.

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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        Le macchine ottiche: esercizio fisico-matematica che per Saggio dei suoi studj pubblicamente propone sotto la direzione dei CC. RR. delle scuole pie nella sala del Collegio di S. Michele di Volterra.

      Florence: presso Pietro Allegrini, 1809 - Printed work and 2 manuscripts bound in 2 volumes, octavo (varying sizes: 223 x 160 mm & 197 x 140 mm). Bound to match in mid-19th-century Italian green calf, smooth spines lettered and decorated in gilt, sides with thick gilt rule outside scroll borders, enclosing the papal arms in gilt at centre, marbled endpapers. Extremities rubbed, stain to title of 2nd volume, overall very good. 1st volume: printed work (pp. 24; extended folding diagram) bound before 39 manuscript leaves, apparently incomplete at end, folding diagram at end. 2nd volume, title page in manuscript "Studi di matematica fatti da Giovanni Maria Mastai ferretti di Sinigaglia nel collego di Volterra" (dated 1808 and 1809) and 52 unnumbered leaves, written on both sides (two leaves with excisions). Rare first edition of Le macchine ottiche, the first and only scientific publication of the future Pope Pius IX, born Giovanni Maria Mastai Ferretti (1792–1878), who reigned as pope from 16 June 1846 to his death, bound together with two of his original academic manuscripts on optics and mathematics. Mastai was educated privately up to the age of 11, when he was sent to the College of St Michael, Volterra, under the Piarist Fathers, where he remained until 1809. Although his ultimate inclination was to study theology, he showed a keen interest in the scientific element of the school syllabus. The book prints his final academic essay presented at the conclusion of his studies. The printed book is rare, WorldCat locating two copies only worldwide: in the US, University of Wisconsin, Madison, and in Switzerland, Stiftung Bibliothek Werner Oechslin. Pius IX's long-term interest in science is reflected by one of his first acts as pope, his revival in 1847 of the Academy of Lynxes, which had dissolved after the death of its founder, but which Pius recreated under the name Accademia Pontificia dei Nuovi Lincei ("Pontifical Academy of the New Lynxes"). Pius IX was the longest-reigning elected pope in the history of the Catholic Church, serving for over 31 years. He is particularly remembered for his promulgation of the dogma of the Immaculate Conception, and for the First Vatican Council, convened in 1869, which defined the dogma of papal infallibility. He has been called the first public pope of the modern era. The larger of the two volumes, containing the printed work first, is inscribed on the first blank: "The manuscript part of this volume was written, as an examination paper in optics in September 1809, by His Holiness Pope Pius the IXth, then in his 20th year: and was given to me by Monsignor Talbot, of His Holiness, in the Vatican in 1867" signed by James Laird Patterson (1822–1902), papal chamberlain and later Auxiliary Bishop of Westminster. The second volume has an ownership inscription, also noting the book as the gift of George Talbot, dated 22 April 1875. Monsignor George Talbot (1816–1886), a converted Anglican priest who also served Pope Pius IX as one of his chamberlains, is notorious among English Catholics for his dislike of Newman and his remark, "What is the province of the laity? To hunt, to shoot, to entertain." In 1868 he was dismissed from the Roman curia and was placed in a mental institution near Paris. For many years the pope kept Talbot's apartments in the Vatican ready in case he should return. See Isis 75 (1984), pp. 425–6: review of "Pio IX e le macchine ottiche". [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington. ABA member]
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        DESCRIPTION DE L'EGYPTE. Fayoum et environs. Vues de deux pyramides en briques à l'est du Fayoum, pyramide de Meydouneh, pyramide d'El Metanyeh, pyramides de Saqqarah. (ANTIQUITES, volume IV, planche 72)

      - Imprimerie Impériale, Paris 1809-1829, 70x51,5cm, une feuille. - Incisione originale in plano estratto dal 'Imperial Edition' della descrizione di Egitto o di serie osservazioni e ricerche fatte in Egitto durante la spedizione francese, pubblicato per ordine di Sua Maestà l'Imperatore Napoleone il Grande. Condotto tra il 1802 e il 1830, è stata portata in 1000 copie disponibili alle istituzioni. Carta vergata filigranata see-through antico e moderno Egitto, protetta dai venti. Vedute di diverse piramidi in aumento nella zona di Fayoum, a ovest del Nilo. Il primo mattone di fango piantata nel deserto a nord del canale di Giuseppe. Il secondo è in mattoni, a est del villaggio di El Lahun. Il terzo sorgeva nei pressi del Nilo Meydouneh su una base piramidale tronco la cui cima sembra incompiuta. Il quarto è una delle più grandi piramidi di Saqqara, consistente in una sorta di chiave di volta su un piedistallo. Infine, le ultime viste mostrano le piramidi di Saqqara sud sulle rive del Nilo. Perfette condizioni, quasi senza lentiggini marginali. Il monumentale prima edizione della Descrizione dell'Egitto in 13 volumi conteneva 892 tavole a colori di cui 72, tra cui 9 volumi coinvolti dell'antichità. Gli altri volumi trattati di Storia Naturale e moderno Egitto come Napoleone Bonaparte aveva portato con sé una commissione di studiosi di tutte le discipline in modo che, si diceva, nella sua descrizione è stato memorizzato il più ricco museo di universo. Il lavoro è stato scritto in parte dal barone Dominique Vivant Denon prima di diventare DG di Napoleone nel Museo del Louvre. Più di 80 artisti e 400 scrittori sono stati assunti per questo grande progetto. Le dimensioni eccezionalmente grandi tavole necessaria la creazione di una pressa speciale e una parte specifica di mobili per tenerli ...! - [FRENCH VERSION FOLLOWS] Gravure originale à l'eau-forte in plano, non rognée, extraite de l'édition dite « Impériale » de la Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des observations et recherches faites en Égypte pendant l'expédition française, publié par les ordres de Sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand. Réalisée entre février 1802 et 1829 sur ordre de Napoléon Bonaparte et publiée à partir de 1809 [en réalité 1810], elle fut tirée à 1000 exemplaires sur Vergé filigrané « Égypte ancienne et moderne » et offerte aux institutions. Vues de plusieurs pyramides s'élevant dans la région du Fayoum, à l'Ouest du Nil. La première est en briques crues plantée dans un désert au nord du canal de Joseph. La seconde est en briques également, à l'est du village d'El Lâhoun. La troisième s'élève non loin du Nil, à Meydouneh, sur un socle pyramidal tronqué dont le sommet semble inachevé. La quatrième est l'une des plus grandes pyramides de Saqqarah, composée d'un genre de pyramidion sur un piédestal. Enfin les dernières vues montrent les pyramides de Saqqarah au midi sur les bords du Nil. Parfait état de conservation, presque sans rousseur marginale. Volume ANTIQUITES, IV : Ces gravures fournissent à Jean-François Champollion une documentation épigraphique fondamentale pour le déchiffrage des hiéroglyphes et inspirent une lignée d'archéologues comme Mariette, Maspero et Carter qui donnent un nouveau visage à l'Egypte ancienne. Elles suscitent un engouement tel qu'elles donnent naissance au phénomène de l'égyptomanie et à l'orientalisme de Delacroix, Fromentin, Marilhat, Decamps mais aussi Théophile Gautier... Financiers, politiciens, marchands, et fouilleurs de tous ordres se presseront sur les rives du Nil en quête de bonnes affaires à la suite de cette redécouverte de l'Egypte. A l'origine de l'égyptologie, ces planches connaîtront une postérité immense. LA DESCRIPTION DE L'EGYPTE, édition IMPERIALE (1809-1829) : La Description de l'Egypte est un des chefs d'

      [Bookseller: Librairie Feu Follet]
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        DESCRIPTION DE L'EGYPTE. Fayoum. Vues d'un temple égyptien situé vers l'extrémité occidentale du lac appelé Birket el Qeroun. (ANTIQUITES, volume IV, planche 69)

      - Imprimerie Impériale, Paris 1809-1829, 70x51,5cm, une feuille. - Incisione originale in plano estratto dal 'Imperial Edition' della descrizione di Egitto o di serie osservazioni e ricerche fatte in Egitto durante la spedizione francese, pubblicato per ordine di Sua Maestà l'Imperatore Napoleone il Grande. Condotto tra il 1802 e il 1830, è stata portata in 1000 copie disponibili alle istituzioni. Carta vergata filigranata see-through antico e moderno Egitto, protetta dai venti. Vista di un tempio egizio situato sulla riva occidentale del lago di Birket el-Qeroun che è visibile sullo sfondo e in lontananza la catena libica. Sul lato della colonna intitolata ingegneri francesi e la loro carovana. Al piano terra vista originale della parte anteriore dello stesso tempio osservato notte nel suo stato déparementé, la pietra dalla demolizione steso a terra tutto intorno. Questo è il piano che è stato degradato, esponendo i fondamenti del suo tetto piano. Al di là delle dune del deserto circostante può essere visto. Perfette condizioni, quasi senza lentiggini marginali. Il monumentale prima edizione della Descrizione dell'Egitto in 13 volumi conteneva 892 tavole a colori di cui 72, tra cui 9 volumi coinvolti dell'antichità. Gli altri volumi trattati di Storia Naturale e moderno Egitto come Napoleone Bonaparte aveva portato con sé una commissione di studiosi di tutte le discipline in modo che, si diceva, nella sua descrizione è stato memorizzato il più ricco museo di universo. Il lavoro è stato scritto in parte dal barone Dominique Vivant Denon prima di diventare DG di Napoleone nel Museo del Louvre. Più di 80 artisti e 400 scrittori sono stati assunti per questo grande progetto. Le dimensioni eccezionalmente grandi tavole necessaria la creazione di una pressa speciale e una parte specifica di mobili per tenerli ...! - [FRENCH VERSION FOLLOWS] Gravure originale à l'eau-forte in plano, non rognée, extraite de l'édition dite « Impériale » de la Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des observations et recherches faites en Égypte pendant l'expédition française, publié par les ordres de Sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand. Réalisée entre février 1802 et 1829 sur ordre de Napoléon Bonaparte et publiée à partir de 1809 [en réalité 1810], elle fut tirée à 1000 exemplaires sur Vergé filigrané « Égypte ancienne et moderne » et offerte aux institutions. Vues d'un temple égyptien situé sur la rive occidentale du lac Birket el-Qeroun lequel est visible au second plan et dans le lointain la chaîne libyque. Sur le côté se dirige la colonne des ingénieurs français et leur caravane. En bas, originale vue de la façade du même temple observé nuitamment, dans son état déparementé, les pierres issues de sa démolition gisant à terre tout autour. C'est l'étage supérieur qui a été dégradé, laissant apparaître les soubassements de Sa voûte plate. Au-delà on aperçoit les dunes du désert environnant. Parfait état de conservation, presque sans rousseur marginale. Volume ANTIQUITES, IV : Ces gravures fournissent à Jean-François Champollion une documentation épigraphique fondamentale pour le déchiffrage des hiéroglyphes et inspirent une lignée d'archéologues comme Mariette, Maspero et Carter qui donnent un nouveau visage à l'Egypte ancienne. Elles suscitent un engouement tel qu'elles donnent naissance au phénomène de l'égyptomanie et à l'orientalisme de Delacroix, Fromentin, Marilhat, Decamps mais aussi Théophile Gautier... Financiers, politiciens, marchands, et fouilleurs de tous ordres se presseront sur les rives du Nil en quête de bonnes affaires à la suite de cette redécouverte de l'Egypte. A l'origine de l'égyptologie, ces planches connaîtront une postérité immense. LA DESCRIPTION DE L'EGYPTE, édition IMPERIALE (1809-1829) : La Description de l'Egypte est un des chefs d'

      [Bookseller: Librairie Feu Follet]
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        DESCRIPTION DE L'EGYPTE. Thèbes. Karnak. Vue d'un colosse placé à l'entrée de la salle hypostyle du Palais. (ANTIQUITES, volume III, planche 20)

      - Imprimerie Impériale, Paris 1809-1829, 71x54cm, une feuille. - Incisione originale in plano estratto dal 'Imperial Edition' della descrizione di Egitto o di serie osservazioni e ricerche fatte in Egitto durante la spedizione francese, pubblicato per ordine di Sua Maestà l'Imperatore Napoleone il Grande. Condotto tra il 1802 e il 1830, è stata portata in 1000 copie disponibili alle istituzioni. Carta vergata filigranata see-through antico e moderno Egitto, protetta dai venti. Colosso Mutilated situato all'ingresso della sala a pilastri del palazzo, si riconosce a malapena la sua figura per la testa e le braccia sono mancanti. Solo la metà inferiore del tronco è ben conservato in un unico pezzo con piedistallo inciso con geroglifici. Sullo sfondo è il colonnato meridionale del cortile e oltre una capanna nel villaggio di Karnak e di palme. Una porzione della torre costituisce l'ingresso del Palazzo dipendente tempio. Il terreno è disseminato di granito e arenaria spezzato da sopra la sala a colonne e le costruzioni statua osservati da un artista francese in un vestito che tiene la sua carriera per sotto il braccio. Pochi foxing sui bordi non influisce sulla vista stessa. Condizioni molto bella. Il monumentale prima edizione della Descrizione dell'Egitto in 13 volumi conteneva 892 tavole a colori di cui 72, tra cui 9 volumi coinvolti dell'antichità. Gli altri volumi trattati di Storia Naturale e moderno Egitto come Napoleone Bonaparte aveva portato con sé una commissione di studiosi di tutte le discipline in modo che, si diceva, nella sua descrizione è stato memorizzato il più ricco museo di universo. Il lavoro è stato scritto in parte dal barone Dominique Vivant Denon prima di diventare DG di Napoleone nel Museo del Louvre. Più di 80 artisti e 400 scrittori sono stati assunti per questo grande progetto. Le dimensioni eccezionalmente grandi tavole necessaria la creazione di una pressa speciale e una parte specifica di mobili per tenerli ...! - [FRENCH VERSION FOLLOWS] Gravure originale à l'eau-forte in plano, non rognée, extraite de l'édition dite « Impériale » de la Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des observations et recherches faites en Égypte pendant l'expédition française, publié par les ordres de Sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon le Grand. Réalisée entre février 1802 et 1829 sur ordre de Napoléon Bonaparte et publiée à partir de 1809 [en réalité 1810], elle fut tirée à 1000 exemplaires sur Vergé filigrané « Égypte ancienne et moderne » et offerte aux institutions. Colosse mutilé se trouvant à l'entrée de la salle hypostyle du Palais, on reconnaît à peine sa silhouette car la tête et les bras sont manquants. Seule la moitié inférieure du tronc est bien conservée, d'un seul tenant avec le piédestal gravé de hiéroglyphes. A l'arrière plan se trouve la colonnade sud de la cour et au-delà une cahute du village de Karnak et quelques palmiers. Une portion du pylône forme l'entrée du temple dépendant du Palais. Le sol est jonché de débris de granit et de grès provenant des constructions qui précèdent la salle hypostyle et de la statue qu'observe un artiste français en costume tenant son porte-vue sous le bras. Rares rousseurs sur les bords n'affectant pas la vue elle-même. Très bel état de conservation. TEMPLE DE KARNAK : Planche issue d'un ensemble de gravures sur le grand temple de Karnak, construit au Nouvel Empire à l'époque de Ramsès III. Ce grand complexe est divisé en trois enceintes et consacré à la triade thébaine des dieux Amon, Mout et Khonsou. Ses sculptures, bas-reliefs intérieurs et reliefs en creux sur les façades extérieures sont minutieusement relevés par les ingénieurs de l'Institut, tandis que les architectes établissent le plan complexe de cet édifice, divisé en façades, salles à colonnades, et espaces sacrés réservés aux prêtres du temple. L'allée de sphinx monumentaux qui lie le complexe à celui de Louxor fait également l'objet d'une planche par Lepère, architecte membre de l'Institut, qui a pris part à l'expédition à travers la Haute-Egypte. Volume ANTIQUITES, III : Ces gravures fournissent à Jean-François Champollion une documentation épigraphique fondamentale pour le déchiffrage des hiéroglyphes et inspirent une lignée d'archéologues comme Mariette, Maspero et Carter qui donnent un nouveau visage à l'Egypte ancienne. Elles suscitent un engouement tel qu'elles donnent naissance au phénomène de l'égyptomanie et à l'orientalisme de Delacroix, Fromentin, Marilhat, Decamps mais aussi Théophile Gautier... Financiers, politiciens, marchands, et fouilleurs de tous ordres se presseront sur les rives du Nil en quête de bonnes affaires à la suite de cette redécouverte de l'Egypte. A l'origine de l'égyptologie, ces planches connaîtront une postérité immense. LA DESCRIPTION DE L'EGYPTE, édition IMPERIALE (1809-1829) : La Description de l'Egypte est un des chefs d'

      [Bookseller: Librairie Feu Follet]
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        Voyage en Espagne, fait dans les années 1786 et 1787

      - Dentu, Paris 1809, In-8 (12,5x20,2cm), (4) iv (4) 401pp. (3) et (4) 398pp. (2) et (4) 379pp. (1), 3 volumes reliés. - Prima edizione, molto raro, senza l'atlante. Tradotto dalla seconda edizione da Pictet-Mallet. Legatoria in piena pelle di pecora fiammato periodo. Torna liscio decorato con due diverse catene, ruote e un ampio piedistallo con il grottesco. come mostre in marocchino rosso, e il numero del volume in pelle nera. Capi dei volumi 2 e 3 nella porzione sfilacciata; una mancanza leggera coda di volume 3. mandibole di Volume 1 di grande porzione stretta feritoia; mascella superiore del volume di 2 testa spaccata e coda. Attrito. Buona copia. - [FRENCH VERSION FOLLOWS] Edition originale, très rare, sans l'atlas parue à part. Traduit de l'anglais sur la seconde édition par Pictet-Mallet. Reliures en pleine basane flammée d'époque. Dos lisses ornés de 2 fers différents, de roulettes et d'un large caisson à la grotesque. Pièces de titre en maroquin rouge, et de tomaison en maroquin noir. Têtes des tomes 2 et 3 en partie élimées ; un léger manque en queue du tome 3. Mors inférieur du tome 1 en grande partie étroitement fendu ; Mors supérieur du tome 2 fendu en tête et queue. Frottements. Bon exemplaire. Récit de voyage pittoresque qui commence par Figuere et les Pyrrénées, Barcelone et ses environs, Madrid, Saragosse, Aranjuez et Tolede, les Asturies, Salamanque, Seville, Cadix, Malaga, Grenade, Carthagene, Alicante, Valence. Les volumes sont occupés par de nombreuses considérations sur l'agriculture, la politique, l'industrie, le commerce et les moeurs des espagnols... Ce voyage fut édité à l'heure où les regards des français étaient tournés vers l'Espagne en raison des guerres napoléoniennes, la capitulation de Madrid datant de décembre 1808. Tableaux des monnaies et des revenus de l'Espagne.  

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        Grundsätze der Policeygesetzgebung und der Policeyanstalten.

      Kharkoff: for the author,, 1809. 2 volumes in 1, octavo (199 x 117 mm). Contemporary half calf, flat spine with gilt ornaments, red morocco spine label, marbled boards, yellow edges. Extremities worn, spine ends frayed, hinges gently cracked but firm, some discolouration to edges, contents browned with a little foxing, a very good copy. First edition of the distinguished German economist and philosopher's work on law enforcement. First a professor of philosophy in Halle, Jakob (1759–1827) accepted the Russian government's invitation in 1807 to become a professor of economic science at Kharkoff University after the University of Halle was suppressed. His quick mastery of the Russian language made him a favourite of the minister Speransky, who appointed him as a member of the government's finance commission in 1809 and then as the president of the commission for the revision of criminal law in 1810. He returned to Germany in 1816. In his economic works "he closely followed Adam Smith, whilst at the same time seeking to place in a clearer light the fundamental conceptions of the science" (Palgrave II, p. 471).

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington]
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        Statuts et règlemens du Souv.: Ch.: d'Arras à la vallée de Paris

      S.l., (1809), in 12, de 63pp., - relié à la suite : Extrait de la Pl.: à Trac.: de la séance de la R.: L.: de St Jean, sous le titre distinctif des FF.: Artistes, à l'O.: de Paris, le 27e jour du 11e mois de l'an de la V.: L.: 5809 (27 janvier 1809, ère vulgaire). L'ordre du jour étant la Pompe funèbre à la mémoire du F.: Lansel, Orateur de l'At.: des Artistes, son Député au G.O. de France, V.: de la R.: L.: du Centre des Amis... chef de la Division Arts au Ministère de l'Intérieur. S.l.n.d. (1809), de 36pp., le tout relié en 1 vol. demi-veau vert à coins, titre en long au dos, avec la mention dorée au 1er plat "Charlesworth Masonic Library", bel exemplaire. -1) Ce premier Chapitre parisien tire son origine du supposé Chapitre Rose-Croix d'Arras qui selon Thory et Ragon aurait été fondé en 1747 (d'autres disent 1745). Les présents statuts contiennent en préambule les origines du Souv. Ch. d'Arras à Paris, premier Chapitre de France, fondé le 17 juin 1769. En 1799 le G.O. signa un Concordat avec ce premier Chapitre de France. En 1800 il renoncera donc à créer d'autres Chapitres. ¶ Fesch col. 1304 - Ligou Dict. F.M. p.78 - Kloss 4457. -2) Jean-Antoine Lansel, né à Dijon en 1755, mort en 1808, initié à la loge la Concorde de Dijon rattachée au Directoire de Bourgogne, affilié au Centre des Amis dont il deviendra Vénérable, puis armé CBCS.

      [Bookseller: L'intersigne Livres anciens]
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        A bound collection of publications by Joanna Southcott

      Octavo, modern leather binding, containing eight religious works, all early nineteenth century editions; previous owner's bookplate to front pastedown. Divine and spiritual communications written by Joanna SouthcottOn the prayers of the Church of England; the conduct of the Clergy, and Calvanistic Methodists, with other particulars.London : Galabin and Merchant, 1809. Later edition, 44 pp. The Continuation of the Prophecies of Joanna Southcott:A word in season to a sinking kingdom.London : Galabin and Marchant, 1810. Third edition, 56 pp. The Kingdom of Christ is at Hand: Also an examination of Baptism; and the use and meaning of the Church Ordinances, and the sealing of the people in the Latter days. London : A. Seale, 1805. First edition, 62 pp. Answer to false doctrines and the crying sins of the nation. London : W. Marchant, 1808. Lacking title page, 48 pp. The first book of sealed prophecies. London : Marchant and Galabin, 1803. First edition 128 pp. The second book of sealed prophecies. London : Marchant and Galabin, 1812. Second edition, 136 pp (lacking 97-98). The answer of the Lord to the power of darkness. London : Marchant and Galabin, 1813. Second edition, 128 pp. On the prayers for the fast day. London : Marchant and Galabin, 1804. First edition, 48 pp. Joanna Southcott was a renowned religious prophetess who constantly warned of the coming of a new Messiah and the impending apocalypse. Her followers, the Southcottians, dwindled in number after her death. However, the mystery surrounding a sealed wooden 'Box of Prophecies' fostered interest in her writings. The box was only to be opened in a time of national crisis, and in the presence of twenty-four Bishops of the Church of England. Numerous objects purported to be Southcott's box have been brought to light; the 'true' box remains with the Panacea Society of Bedford.

      [Bookseller: Douglas Stewart Fine Books]
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        Naturalhistoria Hämtad Ur FUNKES och LIPPOLDS Skrifter. Öfversättning. Med 174 Illumerade Figurer efter Bertuch. Första bandet Andra bandet.

      Inbunden bok. ÖREBRO Tryckt hos Nils Magnus Lindh, 1809. På eget förlag.. 1 uppl. 1809. Inbunden. Här har Ni chansen att förvärva två styck antika böcker till en rimlig summa pengar. Som Ni kan utröna av de inlagda bilderna från böckerna är det garanti på att köparen får mycket glädje av dess extremt charmiga verk. Om så önskas kan privat visning ordnas efter ö.k. I köpet ingår bomullshandskar. Självfallet är verken bestyckade med patina i form av fuktfläckar och andra naturliga åldertecken som hör en + 200 - åring till.

      [Bookseller: Antikt & Västerbok Antikvariat]
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        Cours GASTRONOMIQUE, ou les Dîners de Manant-Ville. Ouvrage anecdotique, philosophique et littéraire. Seconde édition dédiée à la Société Épicurienne du Caveau moderne.

      Imprimerie de Brasseur Aîné, Capelle et Renand 1809 - In-8 de XX 348 pp. chiffrées 364 (après les XX pp. chiffrées en romain, la numérotation commence à 17), demi-veau havane contemporain, dos lisse orné, tranches marbrées (reliure à l'imitation). Edition originale rare (malgré la fausse mention de seconde édition). ''Les éditeurs, dans un avertissement placé entre la dédicace et la table des 30 chapitres qui composent l'ouvrage, annoncent que le Cours gastronomique, bien que le feuillet de titre porte Seconde édition, paraît bien ici pour la première fois complet, en volume. En réalité, le volume n'avait jamais paru auparavant. Seuls quelques chapitres avaient été donnés dans l'Epicurien français.'' (Vicaire 137 - Bitting 71). "L'ouvrage de Cadet de Gassicourt constitue un des meilleurs recueils anecdotiques de l'époque et aborde en chacun des ses chapitres tout du boire et du manger, dans tous les pays et à toutes les époques.'' (Oberlé , Les Fastes de Bacchus et Comus, 171). Exemplaire bien complet de sa ?Carte gastronomique de France? dessinée et gravée par Tourcaty. Rousseurs. [Attributes: First Edition; Signed Copy; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Dimitri KRONIS]
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        De kleine Buffon, of natuurlijke historie der dieren, ten dienste der jeugd. Eerste [- vierde] deeltje.Dordrecht, J. Zender, [ca. 1830]. 4 volumes. Oblong 16mo (9 x 11 cm). With engraved frontispiece in the first volume, and 32 illustrations of animals on 8 engraved plates, 2 in each volume, all coloured by hand. Original publisher's yellow printed paper wrappers.

      Met rooie oortjes 81; NCC (3 copies); cf. Saakes V, p. 91 (1809 edition). Rare second edition of a charming, illustrated natural history book for children based on the works by the French naturalist Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (1707-1788), here coloured by hand. Complete in four volumes, it treats all sorts of animals. The first three volumes, devoted to mammals, treat the animals found in the home and on the farm, wild animals, and beasts of prey respectively. The fourth and last volume then treats some birds, crawling animals, insects, fishes, shells and coral.Some marginal thumbing and some occasional small spots or stains. Paper wrappers soiled and slightly worn along the spine.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat FORUM BV]
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        Heldengesänge aus der Oper: Tigranes... Mit italienischem und deutschem Texte. Für das Pianoforte ausgezogen von M.G. Fischer (Der deutsche Text ist von D. Ch. Schreiber.)... Pr. 3 Thlr. [Piano-vocal score]

      Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel [PN 1421], [1809-10]. Oblong folio. Original publisher's blue-gray printed wrappers with titling within decorative border to upper, table of contents within decorative border to lower. 1f. (title), 86 pp. Typeset. Text in Italian and German. Disbound. Wrappers slightly worn and foxed; detached. Slightly worn, browned, and foxed, heavier to some leaves; small perforation to lower margin of final leaf, not affecting music. A very good copy overall. First Edition (?second issue) of fifteen numbers from the opera. Lederbur p. 467. OCLC nos. 26769648, 916146394. BUC p. 891. RISM R1577. Not in Hoboken or Hirsch. Tigrane, to a libretto by Antonio de Filistri de' Caramondani, was first performed in Berlin on February 3, 1800. "Righini was mainly an opera composer, moving in the course of his career from opera buffa to opera seria. While little is known about his comic operas, his Berlin operas typify the late Metastasian opera in hybrid Italian-French style that were so much in favour at the Prussian court. The allegiance to Metastasian principles, subscribed to by the court poet Antonio Filistri de' Caramondani, rested on the still accepted view of court opera as representative opera, with its emphasis on ethical models and political allegory. This traditional dramaturgical structure, however, was enriched with elements taken from tragédie lyrique such as action-packed introduzioni, scene complexes, and ballets. Through his use of contrasting tempos and sectionalization in arias and ensembles, and through his dramatic use of instrumentation, Righini followed the tendencies towards heightened drama characterizing opera seria of his time. His ability to combine cantabile melody with rich orchestration was admired by his contemporaries as exemplifying the perfect German-Italian hybrid style." Christoph Henzel in Grove Music Online. "The Berlin operas represent the peak of Righini's work... [They] were famous in their time and were praised for the way in which they combined expressive, authentically Italian vocal writing with German craftsmanship, but above all for their instrumentation, as in the 'sublime' horn, bassoon and cello trio in Tigrane..." Gudrun Becker-Weidmann in Grove Music Online.

      [Bookseller: J & J LUBRANO MUSIC ANTIQUARIANS]
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        Heldengesänge aus der Oper: Tigranes. Mit italienischem und deutschem Texte. Für das Pianoforte ausgezogen von M.G. Fischer (Der deutsche Text ist von D. Ch. Schreiber.). Pr. 3 Thlr. [Piano-vocal score]

      Breitkopf und Härtel [PN 1421], Leipzig 1809 - Oblong folio. Original publisher's blue-gray printed wrappers with titling within decorative border to upper, table of contents within decorative border to lower. 1f. (title), 86 pp. Typeset. Text in Italian and German.Disbound. Wrappers slightly worn and foxed; detached. Slightly worn, browned, and foxed, heavier to some leaves; small perforation to lower margin of final leaf, not affecting music. A very good copy overall. First Edition (?second issue) of fifteen numbers from the opera. Lederbur p. 467. OCLC nos. 26769648, 916146394. BUC p. 891. RISM R1577. Not in Hoboken or Hirsch. Tigrane, to a libretto by Antonio de Filistri de' Caramondani, was first performed in Berlin on February 3, 1800. "Righini was mainly an opera composer, moving in the course of his career from opera buffa to opera seria. While little is known about his comic operas, his Berlin operas typify the late Metastasian opera in hybrid Italian-French style that were so much in favour at the Prussian court. The allegiance to Metastasian principles, subscribed to by the court poet Antonio Filistri de' Caramondani, rested on the still accepted view of court opera as representative opera, with its emphasis on ethical models and political allegory. This traditional dramaturgical structure, however, was enriched with elements taken from tragédie lyrique such as action-packed introduzioni, scene complexes, and ballets. Through his use of contrasting tempos and sectionalization in arias and ensembles, and through his dramatic use of instrumentation, Righini followed the tendencies towards heightened drama characterizing opera seria of his time. His ability to combine cantabile melody with rich orchestration was admired by his contemporaries as exemplifying the perfect German-Italian hybrid style." Christoph Henzel in Grove Music Online."The Berlin operas represent the peak of Righini's work. [They] were famous in their time and were praised for the way in which they combined expressive, authentically Italian vocal writing with German craftsmanship, but above all for their instrumentation, as in the 'sublime' horn, bassoon and cello trio in Tigrane." Gudrun Becker-Weidmann in Grove Music Online. [Attributes: Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: J & J LUBRANO MUSIC ANTIQUARIANS LLC]
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        Enid, metrisch vertaald door D.E.M. van Herwerden, met platen naar Gustave Doré. Zwolle, J. J. Tijl, 1888.

      Burgundy cloth hardcover. Gilded title on front and spine. Black plant like decoration on the front and blind stamped binders logo on the back. Top edge gilded. The cover shows some light damage at the corners and edges. The spine is slightly discoloured. The contents are in good shape. 26,5 x 35,5 cm, [8] 1-70 [2] pp. With seven photolithographs after illustrations by Gustave Doré. Enid is part of a cycle of twelve narrative poems, called Idylls of the King by the British poet Alfred Tennyson ( 1809-1892). The stories are part of the Legend of King Arthur. This story is about Enid and her husband Geraint, who is one of Arthur's knights. This tragic love story is illustrated beautifully by Doré. B2355

      [Bookseller: Historisch Antiquariaat A.G. van der Ste]
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        The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, from their commencement, in 1665, to the year 1800; abridged, with notes and biographic illustrations.

      London: printed by and for C. & R. Baldwin, 1809. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. 18 parts bound in 19 volumes, including separate plate volume. 4to (258 x 210 mm). Approx. 13,500 pp. of text and 266 engraved plates, includes half-titles and volume-titles to each text volume. Contemporary full calf, spines decorated and lettered in gilt, marbled edges and endpapers. Inner joints repaired, spines rebacked mostly retaining original leather, two volumes (V and VI) supplied and bound in almost matching leather. Extremities and boards rubbed, corners scuffed and slightly bumped. Text only little browned, minor spotting in places, plates occasionally foxed in outer margins, but generally quite clean and unmarked. Provenance: Richard Strachey, of Ashwick Grove, Bath (armorial bookplates with motto 'coelum non animum' to front-pastedowns), old ink stamps in arabic and hebrew letters to volume title-pages. Fine set, rarely found complete and in good condition as here. ----Kronick, A history of scientific and technical periodicals, pp. 134-139; PMM 281 (for first edition). The Philosophical Transactions was established in 1665, making it the first journal in the world exclusively devoted to science, and therefore also the world's longest-running scientific journal. The use of the word "Philosophical" in the title refers to "natural philosophy", which was the equivalent of what would now be generally called 'science'. The present set is the most useful abridgement of the 17th and 18th century volumes. The foreword to vol. 1 says "It comprises whatever is most valuable in the Original, from its commencement to the close of the eighteenth century, together with Dr. Hooke's volume of Philosophical Collections. All the articles are presented in the same order in which they appear in the Original. The most important communications are reprinted entire, in the words of the respective authors. The less important papers are given in an abridged state . . . to give further utility to the present Abridgement, a General Index has been subjoined, by way of Appendix to the concluding volume. [. . .] On the whole it is hoped, that this New Abridgement, on which the proprietors have spared neither pains nor expence [sic], will be found to contain whatever is most valuable in the Original Work, and that to those who are necessarily engaged in philosophical pursuits in the way of their profession, as well as to those who in their hours of leisure cultivate the sciences from taste, it will, up to the period which it embraces, be found to answer all the purposes of the more costly and scarcely procurable Transactions at large." Contents: v. 1. 1665-1672.--v. 2. 1672-1683.--v. 3. 1683-1694.--v. 4. 1694-1702.--v. 5. 1703-1712.--v. 6. 1713-1723.--v. 7. 1724-1734.--v. 8. 1735-1743.--v. 9. 1744-1749.--v. 10. 1750-1755.--v. 11. 1755-1763.--v. 12. 1763-1769.--v. 13. 1770-1776.--v. 14. 1776-1780.--v. 15. 1781-1785.--v. 16. 1785-1790.--v. 17. 1791-1796.--v. 18. 1796-1800. - Visit our website for additional images and information. We do have a large number of 18th and 19th century volumes of the regular Philosophical Transactions in stock. Please ask for availability. Very Good.

      [Bookseller: Milestones of Science Books]
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        Grundsätze der Policeygesetzgebung und der Policeyanstalten.

      Kharkoff: for the author, 1809 - 2 volumes in 1, octavo (199 x 117 mm). Contemporary half calf, flat spine with gilt ornaments, red morocco spine label, marbled boards, yellow edges. Extremities worn, spine ends frayed, hinges gently cracked but firm, some discolouration to edges, contents browned with a little foxing, a very good copy. First edition of the distinguished German economist and philosopher's work on law enforcement. First a professor of philosophy in Halle, Jakob (1759–1827) accepted the Russian government's invitation in 1807 to become a professor of economic science at Kharkoff University after the University of Halle was suppressed. His quick mastery of the Russian language made him a favourite of the minister Speransky, who appointed him as a member of the government's finance commission in 1809 and then as the president of the commission for the revision of criminal law in 1810. He returned to Germany in 1816. In his economic works "he closely followed Adam Smith, whilst at the same time seeking to place in a clearer light the fundamental conceptions of the science" (Palgrave II, p. 471). Kress B.5522. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Peter Harrington. ABA member]
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        The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, from their commencement, in 1665, to the year 1800; abridged, with notes and biographic illustrations.

      printed by and for C. & R. Baldwin, London 1809 - 18 parts bound in 19 volumes, including separate plate volume. 4to (258 x 210 mm). Approx. 13,500 pp. of text and 266 engraved plates, includes half-titles and volume-titles to each text volume. Contemporary full calf, spines decorated and lettered in gilt, marbled edges and endpapers. Inner joints repaired, spines rebacked mostly retaining original leather, two volumes (V and VI) supplied and bound in almost matching leather. Extremities and boards rubbed, corners scuffed and slightly bumped. Text only little browned, minor spotting in places, plates occasionally foxed in outer margins, but generally quite clean and unmarked. Provenance: Richard Strachey, of Ashwick Grove, Bath (armorial bookplates with motto 'coelum non animum' to front-pastedowns), old ink stamps in arabic and hebrew letters to volume title-pages. Fine set, rarely found complete and in good condition as here. ---- Kronick, A history of scientific and technical periodicals, pp. 134-139; PMM 281 (for first edition). The Philosophical Transactions was established in 1665, making it the first journal in the world exclusively devoted to science, and therefore also the world's longest-running scientific journal. The use of the word "Philosophical" in the title refers to "natural philosophy", which was the equivalent of what would now be generally called 'science'. The present set is the most useful abridgement of the 17th and 18th century volumes. The foreword to vol. 1 says "It comprises whatever is most valuable in the Original, from its commencement to the close of the eighteenth century, together with Dr. Hooke's volume of Philosophical Collections. All the articles are presented in the same order in which they appear in the Original. The most important communications are reprinted entire, in the words of the respective authors. The less important papers are given in an abridged state . . . to give further utility to the present Abridgement, a General Index has been subjoined, by way of Appendix to the concluding volume. [. . .] On the whole it is hoped, that this New Abridgement, on which the proprietors have spared neither pains nor expence [sic], will be found to contain whatever is most valuable in the Original Work, and that to those who are necessarily engaged in philosophical pursuits in the way of their profession, as well as to those who in their hours of leisure cultivate the sciences from taste, it will, up to the period which it embraces, be found to answer all the purposes of the more costly and scarcely procurable Transactions at large." Contents: v. 1. 1665-1672.--v. 2. 1672-1683.--v. 3. 1683-1694.--v. 4. 1694-1702.--v. 5. 1703-1712.--v. 6. 1713-1723.--v. 7. 1724-1734.--v. 8. 1735-1743.--v. 9. 1744-1749.--v. 10. 1750-1755.--v. 11. 1755-1763.--v. 12. 1763-1769.--v. 13. 1770-1776.--v. 14. 1776-1780.--v. 15. 1781-1785.--v. 16. 1785-1790.--v. 17. 1791-1796.--v. 18. 1796-1800. - Visit our website for additional images and information. We do have a large number of 18th and 19th century volumes of the regular Philosophical Transactions in stock. Please ask for availability. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Milestones of Science Books]
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        Twenty four views taken in St. Helena, the Cape, India, Ceylon, Abyssinia & Egypt.

      London William Miller 1809 - First edition. Landscape folio (80 x 57 cm.), pictorial aquatint title, 24 fine hand-coloured aquatint plates, engraved by D. Havell after Henry Salt, all without the slightest foxing, early watermarks all pre-publication, on Whatman paper ranging from 1794 to 1806. Originally bound in portrait format now re- arranged in landscape, rebacked and edged in leather retaining the original marbled boards, with a new morocco label. A remarkable example of one of the most attractive of all colour-plate books, intended by its publisher to be a continuation of the Daniells' Oriental Scenery, being uniform in size, style, and execution. The copy of the Governor of Bengal, with early watermarks, which is rare. The colouring in these early copies is distinctly superior, a more muted and subtle palette being employed. George Annesley, Viscount Valentia, left England in June 1802 on the Minerva, for a Grand Tour of the East with Henry Salt. They were antiquarians and avid collectors. Salt had earlier finished his training with the topographical draughtsman and diarist, Joseph Farrington, and Valentia appointed him to be his official artist and secretary for the tour. The plates include fine views of Chowringhee; the fort of Jaunpur; 2 aquatints of Lucknow including the mosque in the Great Imambara; the great Temple at Tanjore; Poona; the Chaitya Cave; 2 fine aquatints of Cairo; Cape Town, etc. Valentia and Salt returned to England in 1806. Salt eventually became British Consul-General in Egypt, where he died aged 47. Abbey, Travel, 515; Tooley 440. [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Shapero Rare Books]
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