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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1789

        Handlingar till uplysning af svenska historien, samlade och utgifne af Eric Michaël Fant.

      1-4 stycket. Uppsala, Johan Edman 1789-1802. 8:o. (8),+ 127,+ (1); (4),+ 146; (4),+ 132; (2),+ 126,+ (2) s. saknar sista bladet med tryckfelslista, istället finns där bokhandelsreklam från Johan Edman. Enstaka lätta småfläckar. Första sidan i tredje stycket med bläckanteckningar av Rääf. Välbevarat samtida hfrbd med rikt guldornerad rygg med beige titeletikett och gula snitt. Rääfs exlibris. Setterwall 196. Blandad urkundssamling med brev och dagböcker. Innehåller bl. a. Erik XIV:s dagbok för åren 1566-67 och Axel Gyllenkroks berättelse om Karl XII:s "...uppbrott utur Saxen, samt hvad under hans fältog till Pultova, jämväl hvad i dess belägring och derefter uti Pultava bataille förefallit."

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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        MONUMENTA AQUENSIA. E mss. codd. edidit praefatione catalogo notis indicibus illustravit.

      In-8 gr. (mm. 276 x 202), 2 voll., mz. pelle ottocentesca (con abras.), dorso a cordoni con tit. oro, pp. XXIII,(37),727; 56,28,856; testo e numeraz. delle pagg. su due colonne. ?Adjectae sunt plures alexandrinae ac finitimarum Pedemontanae ditionis provinciarum chartae et chronicae cum collectione diplomatica ac tabulis genealogicis antiquas marchionum Montisferrati, Salutiarum, Cevae, Incisae, Boschi, Ponzoni, ac aliorum Aledramicae gentis marchionum origines enucleantibus?. Opera fondamentale per la storia antica, civile e diplomatica, del Piemonte e Monferrato ed in particolare per la città di Acqui, condotta dall?A. su codici manoscritti e documenti che coprono il periodo 1399 / 1699, corredata di indici e note filologiche. Pure notevole è lo studio genealogico sulle più importanti famiglie nobili piemontesi dei secoli citati. Cfr. Lozzi,I, p. 108 (in nota): ?opera rarissima? - Brunet,VI,25317. Con lievi uniformi arross. e qualche fiorit. ma certam. un buon esemplare.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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        STORIA DE? PRINCIPALI AVVENIMENTI DOPO L?INGRESSO DE? FRANCESI IN LOMBARDIA. Cioe? dal Maggio del 1796, a tutto il 1802., per servire di appendice alla Storia di Como.

      In-8 gr. (mm. 245x185), 2 opere in 1 vol., mz. pergam. coeva, tit. oro su tassello al dorso, pp. 109. ?Con un prospetto fisico e politico della stessa Città ed antica sua provincia?. Manca la tav. f.t., qui in fotocopia. Cfr. Predari,184: ?La storia di Como di questo dottissimo uomo e? un tesoro di erudizione anche per la storia milanese?. Unito a: "Dissertazione intorno all?antico stato politico della Gallia Cisalpina oggidì Lombardia". Ed il successivo sotto la Repubblica e monarchia romana indi sotto i Goti ed i Longobardi. Del Marchese Giuseppe Rovelli, patrizio Comasco. Milano, Ostinelli, 1789, pp. (2),155. Esempl. molto ben conservato.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Malavasi]
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        Nachtrag zu den wunderbaren Reisen zu Wasser und Lande, und lustige Abentheuer des Freyherrn von Münchhausen, wie er dieselben bey der Flasche Wein im Zirkel seiner Freunde selbst zu erzählen pflegt.

      Zweyte Auflage. Mit Kupfern. Koppenhagen, 1789. 8vo. With 15 engravings. XXIV+(8)+94 pages. Bound in a later brown full leather binding with raised bands on the spine and gilt floral decoration on the front and back cover. The title label on spine in red. In a decorative slipcase of marbled paper in blue colours and with leather edges. Inside nice and clean - including the engravings.. An early edition of the fabulous tales of Baron Münchhausen, printed in Copenhagen in 1789. The naive and charming engravings depict the famous scenes from the tales

      [Bookseller: Vangsgaards Antikvariat]
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        Tour to the West of England in 1788

      Robson and Clarke [Printed For], U.K., 1789. First Edition. Binding: Hardcover. Book Condition: Very Good. Dust Jacket Condition: No Jacket. viii, 602 rough trimmed pages, size 9.25 inches tall by 5.75 inches. Beginning with an Itinerary detailing the miles travelled and towns & many villages & places of interest visited on the way. The 1070 mile tour beginning in LONDON Cannons; Hampstead; Highgate; Caenwood; Islington; Hackney; Wanstead; Greenwich; Blackheath; HYDE PARK; Kensington; Gunnersbury-house; Osterley; Heston; Harefield; Uxbridge; Stoke Pogeis; Bustrode Park; Amersham; Shardeloes; Chesham Boys; Great Missenden; Hampden; Wendover; AIlesbury; Chilton; Winslow; Buckingham; Middleton Stoney; Woodstock and Blenheim; Oxford; Nuneham; Abingdon; Einsham; Ditchley; Chapel-house; Chipping-Norton; Burton-on-the-Hill; Bengworth and Evesham; Pershore; Worcester; Powick; Malvern; Tarrington; Stoke Edith; Hereford; Foxley, Lady-List and Bradwardine; Holm-Lacy; Hampton-Court; Harewood; Wilton-Castle; Ross; Bollitree; River Wye to Monmouth; Monmouth; Ragland Castle; Tintern Abbey and the Ironworks; Persfield; Chepstow; Lydney and the Forrest of Dean; Newnham, Westbury; Gloucester; Cheltenham; Sudely Castle; Gloucester; Ruxmore and the cloathing Country; Great Tunnel and Canal at Saperton; Oakly Woods; Cirencester; Lord Bathurst's grounds; Newport; Berkeley and its Castle; Thornbury; Bristol and Hot-Wells; Keinsham; Comb-down, Quarry and Prior-Park; Old-Down, Inn; Mendip-Hills, Mines, &c.; Wells; Okey-hole; Glassenbury; Pipers-Inn; History and description of the Country; Bridgewater; Enmore Castle; North Petherton; Taunton; Wellington; Collumpton; Chudleigh; Ashburton; Ivy-bridge; Plymouth; Mount Edgecumbe; Plymouth Dock; Introduction to Cornwall; Fine Sea Views; East Loo; Lanteith; Lostwithiel; St. Austle; Tin Mines at Polgouth; Smelting-houses at St. Austle, with minute observations upon Tin and Copper Mines, the various modes of working them, and the separate and combined uses of these metals; Pilchards and other fish and fossils Lostwithiel; Raistormal Castle; Leskard; Kelllngton; Bear Alfton, Silver Mines, &c; Tavistock; Dartmore Forest, &c.; Lydford Waterfall; Oakehampton; Crockernwell; Exeter; Description and origin of Turnpike roads, &c.; Honiton; Axminster; Lyme, the landing of the Duke of Monmouth, and the Battle of Sedgemoor; Charmouth; Bridport; Winterbourn; Weymouth and Melcomb-regis; Isle of Portland; Dorchester; Milton Abbey, aud other Seats; Blandford; Winbourn Minster; Christ. Church; Lymington; New Forest, Lyndhurst, &c.; Southampton; Nettley Abbey, &c.; West Cowes, in the Isle of Wight; Short History of Newport; Caresbrook Castle; Ride; Gosport; Portsmmouth; Southwick; Purbeck; Petersfield; Alton; Eushot; Farnham; Moore Park and Waverly Abbey; Odiam; New Canal from Basingstoke to the Wey with abservations upon Canals in general; Aldershot; Godalming; Looseley; Guildford; Ash Hants; Overton; Winchester; Basingstoke; Basing Castle and Hackwood-House; Hertford-bridge; Elvetham; and back to London. Book - Rebound in Very Good quarter leather maroon boards with gilt lettering to the spine - some irregular fading to the leather binding. Contents, light marking to the patterned endpapers and small patch of marking to the top edge of the free front endpaper, light browning to the page edges otherwise clean, bright and tightly bound. An Attractive Copy of this Important and Scarce Title. Quantity Available: 1. Shipped Weight: 1-2 kilos. Category: Travel & Places; Inventory No: 001013.

      [Bookseller: John T. & Pearl Lewis]
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        Vocabolario delle parole del dialetto napoletano che piu si scostano dal dialetto toscano: con alcune ricerche etimologiche sulle medesime degli accademici filopatridi: opera postuma supplita, ed accresciuta notabilmente. napoli, presso giuseppe-maria porcelli, 1789.

      Due volumi legati in uno di cm. 16, pp. (4) 284; 211 (1). Solida legatura ottocentesca in mezza pelle verde con piccole punte; dorso liscio con fregi e titoli in oro su tassello. Esemplare con qualche fioritura, ma genuino ed in ottimo stato di conservazione. Collezione di tutti i poemi in lingua napoletana volumi 26-27. Alcune copie censite menzionano una sorta di appendice al secondo volume titolata: ""L'eccellenza della lingua napoletana con la maggioranza alla toscana problema di Partenio Tosco accademico lunatico"" non presente nel nostro esemplare. Edizione originale, non comune.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Benacense]
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        Oversat af svensk.

      1-3. Köpenhamn, Boghandler Mallings forlag hos Sebastian Popp, 1789-90. 8:o. Grav. porträtt,+ (8),+ 648 s.+ 2 utvikbara planscher; (2),+ 654 s.+ 2 utvikbara planscher; (8),+ 535,+ (1) + 1 utvikbar plansch. Fläckar i slutet av första delen, bruntonat papper. Samtida välbevarade hfrbd med rikt guldornerade ryggar med upphöjda bind och gröna och röda titel- och deltiteletiketter, röda snitt. Tre volymer. Rödstämpel "Udgaaet af hans majestæt kongens haandbibliotek" på titelbladens baksidor. Fint exemplar, bortsett från det bruna pappret och en svag doft av "parfym"? . Bibl. Danica II, 498. Setterwall 4950. Det svenska originalet utkom 1757-65

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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        Richerche istorico-critiche circa alle scoperte d'Amerigo Vespucci con l'aggiunta di una relazione del medesimo fin ora inedita

      Gaetano Cambiagi Florence: Gaetano Cambiagi. 1789. First. First edition. Octavo. 182, [1]pp. Later plain papercovered boards, title handlettered on spine. Later neat gift inscription, and bookplate with small wax seal, both on front fly, spine toned, faint stain on front board, overall very good, internally slightly foxed, but otherwise fine. Includes the first printing of Vespucci's letter to the Medici about his third voyage. Sabin 3800. .

      [Bookseller: Between the Covers- Rare Books, Inc. ABA]
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        Försök til et swenskt skogs- och jagt-lexicon.

      Göteborg, S. Norberg, 1789. 4:o. 138 s. Obetydligt solkigt halvpergamentbd. Oskuren. Lätt lagerfläckig, titelbladet ngt hårdare. Bitvis med en fuktrand i marginalen. Med Kurt Lindners tilianabiblioteks exlibris och dess stpl på s. 2 och 138. Med ett samtida rött lacksigill på titelbladet.. Schreber 44: "lexikonet innehåller flera värdefulla uppgifter. - Ej vanligt". Hebbe 1441. Inleds med "Strödda anmärkningar om de fordna tiders skog, jagt- och djurfång i Swea land" på s. 7-20 och avslutas med "korta, men nödwändiga påminnelser, i anseende til skogarnes nuwarande tilstånd, wård och återplantering" på s. 133-38. I övrigt är arbetet alfabetiskt uppställt från "adel" till "öfwer-jägmästare". Innehåller en mängd kulturhistoriska och zoologiska uppgifter. Magnus Hendric Brummer (1735-90) var ursprungligen militär och deltog i pommerska kriget. 1775 utnämndes han till överjägmästare i Halland. Hans "lexicon" bygger på egna erfarenheter och rön. 1787 utgav han en författningssamling "rörande skogarnes wård och nyttjande i riket, samt jagt och diurfång". Jaktsamlaren och bibliografen Kurt Lindner författade bl.a. "Bibliographie der deutschen und der niederländischen Jagdliteratur von 1480 bis 1850" (1976)

      [Bookseller: Mats Rehnström]
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        Die Affenkönige oder die Reformation des Affenlandes. Ein politischer Roman in zwei Büchern.

      Mit 40 Textholzschnitten. 5 Bll., 228 S. Hübscher HLdr. d. Zt., mit Rückenschild (dieses mit kl. Absplitterung). Bloch 26; Hayn-Got. I, 33; nicht bei Goed. V, 501ff. - Erste Ausgabe, erschien nach Hayn-Got. auch ohne Verlegerangabe. Satire auf Österreich vor und nach den Josephinischen Reformen, "dem Sarasin-Klinger`schen Plimplamplasko ähnelnd". - Leicht gebräunt und stellenw. leicht stockfleckig.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        Versuch eines baierischen und oberpfälzischen Idiotikons. Nebst grammatikalischen Bemerkungen über diese zwo Mundarten, und einer kleinen Sammlung von Sprüchwörtern und Volksliedern. (UND:) Nachlese zum baierischen und oberpfälzischen Idiotikon. Erste Abtheilung. Lebende Mundart.

      105 S.; 8 Bll. 51 S. Pappband d. Zt. ADB XLIV, 731. - Andreas Dominikus Zaupfer (1748-1795), Jurist, Philosoph, Theologe und Dichter, gilt als einer der "hervorragendsten Aufklärer Baierns". Nachdem er sich den Unmut höherer Kreise zuzog, wurde verordnet ihn "mit der Kanzleiarbeit so weit zu beschäftigen, damit ihm zu theologischen und anderen ausschweifenden Schreibereien keine Zeit übrig verbleibe." Diese Einschränkung von oben führte zu der Phase, in der sich Zaupfer der Dichtkunst widmete. In diese Zeit fällt auch die Entstehung des vorliegenden Werkes. - Unaufgeschnitten, vereinzelt gering gebräunt, leichter Eckabriss an den letzten beiden Blättern ohne Textverlust rechts unten. Titel mit Bibliotheks- und Ausgeschiedenstempel.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        Geschichte der menschlichen Narrheit oder Lebensbeschreibungen berühmter Schwarzkünstler, Goldmacher, Teufelsbanner, Zeichen- und Liniendeuter, Schwärmer, Wahrsager, und anderer philosophischer Unholden.

      7 in 4 Bänden. Mit 3 gest. Titelvign. Pappbde. d. Zt. Bolton I, 171; Rosenthal 5; Graesse I, 20: "Ouvrage très curieux, et rarement complet."; Ferguson I, 5; Engel 105; Henning I, 2321. - Erste Ausgabe des wohl seltensten Werkes des bekannten Philologen und Lexikographen Johann Christoph Adelung. Enthält 73 Biographien (jeweils mit ausführlicher kommentierter Bibliographie) und im Anhang "Fausts Höllenzwang". - Im letzten Band beigebunden "Oweni epigrammata selecta" (Leipzig 1813). - Beschabt und bestoßen. Gebräunt, bzw. braunfleckig.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        Lehrbuch der Finanz-Wissenschaft.

      IV, 220 S., 4 Bll. Umschlag d. Zt. Humpert 11798; Kress B.1638; Masui 918. - Erste Ausgabe. - Unbeschnitten. Tls. fleckig und gebräunt. Umschlag knitterig und bestoßen, am Rücken tls. abgerieben. Handschriftl. Besitzvermerk auf dem vorderen Umschlag.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Turszynski]
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        Vorschrift zum Nutzen der Bernischen Jugend verfertigt durch Johann Jakob Roschi, Schreibmeister an der Kunstschule in Bern, Gegraben durch Heinrich Brupbacher in Wädischwyl.

      Mit gestochenem Titel, 2 n.n. Blätter mit 3 Textseiten mit einer gestochenen Vignette und 41 gestochenen Blättern. Halblederband der Zeit. Doede 227. - Katalog Ornamentstichsammlung 4936 (ohne die letzten 2 Blätter). - Weilenmann 2720. - Originalausgabe, hier mit den häufig fehlenden Textblättern und ohne die spätere Anfügung von C.A. Jenni als Verleger auf dem Titelblatt. - Mit den häufig fehlenden 2 Blättern am Schluss, die nach dem Tode Roschis von dessen Sohn Jakob Emanuel Roschi herausgegeben wurden. - Mit dem Widmungsblatt an die bernische Obrigkeit, von Roschi 'Lehrer der Schreibkunst an dem Kunstintitut in Bern' bezeichnet. Das Buch richtete sich an Kinder ab dem 8. Altersjahr. - Tafel 12 mit alter Reparatur mit Japanpapier. Ettwas stock- und fingerfleckig. Einband beschabt und bestossen. - Selten. [3 Warenabbildungen bei antiquariat.de]

      [Bookseller: Daniel Thierstein Buchantiquariat]
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        Memorie istoriche della chiesa vescovile di monteregale in piemonte dall'erezione del vescovato sino a'nostri tempi. dedicate all'ecc.mo e rev.mo monsignore giuseppe antonio maria corte vescovo di monteregale. torino, nella stamperia reale, 1789.

      2 voll. in-4° (285x215mm), pp. (8), XXVI, 328; (4), 516; solida legatura novecentesca m. tela grezza con titolo oro su tasselli in pelle rossa ai dorsi. 2 grandi stemmi vescovili incisi in rame alla pagina di dedica ed al discorso preliminare del primo vol., uno stemma vescovile inciso su legno all'inizio di ciascuna biografia. Ottimo esemplare in barbe e a pieni margini. Edizione originale di quest'importante opera di storia ecclesiastica monregalese. Il primo volume è di biografie, il secondo di documenti. L'opera contiene la dissertazione sopra l'origine di Mondovì di Luca Lobera, priore di San Pietro di Vico. Il Grassi fu Canonico della Chiesa Vescovile di Mondovì e Cavaliere di San Maurizio e Lazzaro. Lozzi, I, 2858. note. Manca al Manno.

      [Bookseller: Galleria Gilibert]
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        Anatomia Corporum Humanorum, centum et quatuordecim tabulis... illustrata. Amplius explicata, multisque novis anatomicis inventis, chirurgisque observationibus aucta a Guilielmo Cowper. Accedunt ejusdem introductio in Oeconomiam Animalium & Index in totum Opus. Omnia nunc primum latinitate donata curante Guilielmo Dundass. Britanno M. D.

      Folio (53 x 36 cm). Mit Kupfertitel, gest. Titelvignette u. 112 (st. 114) Kupfertafeln (3 gef.). Titel in Rot u. Schwarz, Initialen u. einige Vign. in Holzschnitt. 8 Bl.; 57 Bl. Erklärungen zu den Taf., 4 Bl. Modernes Pgt. im Stil d. Zt. (Gerd-Adolf Schulz) auf 5 durchgezogenen Bünden m. altem RSchild. Die großartigen Tafeln zählen wohl zu den besten anatomischen Abbildungen der Zeit. Cowper (1666-1709, Namensgeber der Cowperschen Drüsen, berühmt waren seine saubern Präparate (Meyer, 6. Aufl.)) benutzte für seine zuerst englisch erschienene Anatomie von 1698 größtenteils Tafeln aus dem Werk von Govard Bidloo von 1685 und ergänzte sie um englische Beschreibungen und 9 Tafeln als Anhang. Von der ersten lateinischen Ausgabe von 1739 existieren Exemplare mit unterschiedlichen Titelblättern ("Dundass. Britanno" und "Scoto"), vorliegendes Ex. enthält bei gleichem Abstand der römischen Zahlzeichen wie Vergleichsex. mit Druckjahr 1739 ein zusätzliches L, so daß sich 1789 addiert, vermutlich ein später korrigierter Satzfehler oder eine Manipulation, um das Werk aktueller scheinen zu lassen. Da der Druck sonst vollständig mit Vergleichsex. von 1739 übereinstimmt, scheint das späte Jahr 1789 ausgeschlossen, Drucke von Langerak gibt es zu dieser Zeit nicht mehr. - Tafel I-II fehlen (Kopien in Originalgröße liegen bei). - Im Rande teils etw. fleckig, einige Marginalien in Bleistift. Wenige Taf. u. Textbl. m. kl. Randeinrissen, meist sorgfältig hinterlegt. Insgesamt ein schönes, sauberes Exemplar in einem ansprechenden neueren meisterlichen Pergament-Einband. [6 Warenabbildungen bei antiquariat.de]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Düwal]
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        Ueber die Lehre des Spinoza in Briefen an den Herrn Moses Mendelssohn. Neue vermehrte Auflage.

      Breslau, Gottl. Löwe, 1789, 8vo. Very beautiful contemporary red full calf binding with five raised bands and gilt green leather title-label to richly gilt spine. elaborate gilt borders to boards, inside which a "frame" made up of gilt dots, with giltcorner-ornamentations. Edges of boards gilt and inner gilt dentelles. All edges gilt. Minor light brownspotting. Marginal staining to the last leaves. Engraved frontispiece-portrait of Spinoza, engraved title-vignette (double-portrait, of Lessing and Mendelssohn), engraved end-vignette (portrait of Jacobi). Frontispiece, title-page, LI, (1, -errata), 440 pp. Magnificent copy.. First edition thus, being the seminal second edition, the "neue vermehrte Auflage" (new and expanded edition), which has the hugely important 180 pp. of "Beylage" for the first time, which include the first translation into any language of any part of Giordano Bruno's "de Uno et Causa..." (pp. 261-306) as well as several other pieces of great importance to the "Pantheismusstreit" and to the interpretation of the philosophy of Spinoza and Leibniz, here for the first time in print. The present translation of Bruno seems to be the earliest translation of any of Bruno's works into German, and one of the earliest translations of Bruno at all - as far as we can establish, the second, only preceded by an 18th century translation into English of "Spaccio della bestia trionfante. It is with the present edition of Jacobi's work that the interest in Bruno is founded and with which Bruno is properly introduced to the modern world. Jacobi not only provides what is supposedly the second earliest translation of any of Bruno's works ever to appear, he also establishes the great influence that Bruno had on two of our greatest thinkers, Spinoza and Leibnitz. It is now generally accepted that Spinoza founds his ethical thought upon Bruno and that Lebnitz has taken his concept of the "Monads" from him. It is Jacobi who, with the second edition of his "Letters on Spinoza...", for the first time ever puts Bruno where he belongs and establishes his position as one of the key figures of modern philosophy and thought. Bruno's works, the first editions of which are all of the utmost scarcity, were not reprinted in their time, and new editions of them did not begin appearing until the 19th century. For three centuries his works had been hidden away in libraries, where only few people had access to them. Thus, as important as his teachings were, thinkers of the ages to come were largely reliant on more or less reliable renderings and reproductions of his thoughts. As Jacobi states in the preface to the second edition of his "Letters on Spinoza...", "There appears in this new edition, under the title of Appendices ("Beylage"), different essays, of which I will here first give an account. The first Appendix is an excerpt from the extremely rare book "De la causa, principio, et Uno", by Jordan Bruno. This strange man was born, one knows not in which year, in Nola, in the Kingdom of Naples; and died on February 17th 1600 in Rome on the stake. With great diligence Brucker has been gathering information on him, but in spite of that has only been able to deliver fragments [not in translation]. For a long time his works were, partly neglected due to their obscurity, partly not respected due to the prejudice against the new opinions and thoughts expressed in them, and partly loathed and suppressed due to the dangerous teachings they could contain. On these grounds, the current scarcity of his works is easily understood. Brucker could only get to see the work "De Minimo", La Croce only had the book "De Immenso et Innumerabilibus" in front of him, or at least he only provides excerpts from this [also not in translation], as Heumann does only from the "Physical Theorems" [also small fragments, not in translation]; also Bayle had, of Bruno's metaphysical works, himself also merely read this work, of which I here provide an excerpt." (Vorrede, pp. (VII)-VIII - own translation from the German). Jacobi continues by stating that although everyone complains about the obscurity of Bruno's teachings and thoughts, some of the greatest thinkers, such as Gassendi, Descartes, "and our own Leibnitz" (p. IX) have taken important parts of their theorems and teachings from him. "I will not discuss this further, and will merely state as to the great obscurity ("grossen Dunkelheit") of which people accuse Bruno, that I have found this in neither his book "de la Causa" nor in "De l'Infinito Universo et Mondi", of which I will speak implicitly on another occasion. As to the first book, my readers will be able to judge for themselves from the sample ("Probe") that I here present. My excerpt can have become a bit more comprehensible due to the fact that I have only presented the System of Bruno himself, the "Philosophia Nolana" which he himself calls it, in its continuity... My main purpose with this excerpt is, by uniting Bruno with Spinoza, at the same time to show and explain the "Summa of Philosophy" ("Summa der Philosophie") of "En kai Pan" [in Greek characters - meaning "One and All"]. ... It is very difficult to outline "Pantheism" in its broader sense more purely and more beautifully than Bruno has done." (Vorrede pp. IX-XI - own translation from the German). So not only does Jacobi here provide this groundbreaking piece of Bruno's philosophy in the first translation ever, and not only does he provide one of the most important interpretations of Spinoza's philosophy and establishes the importance of Bruno to much of modern thought, he also presents Bruno as the primary exponent of "pantheism", thereby using Bruno to change the trajectory of modern thought and influencing all philosophy of the decades to come. After the second edition of Jacobi's "Ueber die Lehre des Spinoza", no self-respecting thinker could neglect the teachings of Bruno; he could no longer be written off as having "obscure" and insignificant teachings, and one could no longer read Spinoza nor Leibnitz without thinking of Bruno. It is with this edition that the world rediscovers Bruno, never to forget him again.WITH THE FIRST EDITION OF "UEBER DIE LEHRE DES SPINOZA" (1785), JACOBI BEGINS THE FAMOUS "PATHEISMUSSTREIT", which focused attention on the apparent conflict between human freedom and any systematic, philosophical interpretation of reality. In 1780, Jacobi (1743-1819), famous for coining the term nihilism, advocating "belief" and "revelation" instead of speculative reason, thereby anticipating much of present-day literature, and for his critique of the Sturm-und-Drang-era, had a conversation with Lessing, in which Lessing stated that the only true philosophy was Spinozism. This led Jacobi to a protracted and serious study of Spinoza's works. After Lessing's death, in 1783 Jacobi began a lengthy letter-correspondende with Mendelssohn, a close friend of Lessing, on the philosophy of Spinoza. These letters, with commentaries by Jacobi, are what constitute the first edition of "Ueber die lehre des Spinoza", as well as the first part of the second edition. The second edition is of much greater importance, however, due to greatly influential Appendices. The work caused great furor and the enmity of the Enlightenment thinkers. Jacobi was ridiculed by his contemporaries for attempting to reintroduce into philosophy belief instead of reason, was seen as an enemy of reason and Enlightenment, as a pietist, and as a Jesuit. But the publication of the work not only caused great furor in wider philosophical circles, there was also a personal side to the scandal which has made it one of the most debated books of the period: "Mendelssohn enjoyed, as noted at the outset, a lifelong friendship with G. E. Lessing... Along with Mendelssohn, Lessing embraced the idea of a purely rational religion and would endorse Mendelssohn's declaration: "My religion recognizes no obligation to resolve doubt other than through rational means; and it commands no mere faith in eternal truths" (Gesammelte Schriften, Volume 3/2, p. 205). To pietists of the day, such declarations were scandalous subterfuges of an Enlightenment project of assimilating religion to natural reason... While Mendelssohn skillfully avoided that confrontation, he found himself reluctantly unable to remain silent when, after Lessing's death, F. H. Jacobi contended that Lessing embraced Spinoza's pantheism and thus exemplified the Enlightenment's supposedly inevitable descent into irreligion.Following private correspondence with Jacobi on the issue and an extended period when Jacobi (in personal straits at the time) did not respond to his objections, Mendelssohn attempted to set the record straight about Lessing's Spinozism in "Morning Hours". Learning of Mendelssohn's plans incensed Jacobi who expected to be consulted first and who accordingly responded by publishing, without Mendelssohn's consent, their correspondence - "On the Teaching of Spinoza in Letters to Mr. Moses Mendelssohn" - a month before the publication of "Morning Hours". Distressed on personal as well as intellectual levels by the controversy over his departed friend's pantheism, Mendelssohn countered with a hastily composed piece, "To the Friends of Lessing: an Appendix to Mr. Jacobi's Correspondence on the Teaching of Spinoza". According to legend, so anxious was Mendelssohn to get the manuscript to the publisher that, forgetting his overcoat on a bitterly cold New Year's eve, he delivered the manuscript on foot to the publisher. That night he came down with a cold from which he died four days later, prompting his friends to charge Jacobi with responsibility for Mendelssohn's death.The sensationalist character of the controversy should not obscure the substance and importance of Mendelssohn's debate with Jacobi. Jacobi had contended that Spinozism is the only consistent position for a metaphysics based upon reason alone and that the only solution to this metaphysics so detrimental to religion and morality is a leap of faith, that salto mortale that poor Lessing famously refused to make. Mendelssohn counters Jacobi's first contention by attempting to demonstrate the metaphysical inconsistency of Spinozism. He takes aim at Jacobi's second contention by demonstrating how the "purified Spinozism" or "refined pantheism" embraced by Lessing is, in the end, only nominally different from theism and thus a threat neither to religion nor to morality." (SEP).The Beylagen, which are not included in the 1785 first edition and only appear with the 1789 second edition, include: I. Auszug aus Jordan Bruno von Nola. Von der Ursache, dem Princip und dem Einen (p. 261-306) II. Diokles an Diotime über den Atheismus (p. 307-327) translation of Lettre ... sur l'Athéisme by F. Hemsterhuis

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