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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1738

        DE LA DISTRIBUTION DES MAISONS DE PLAISANCE ET DE LA DECORATION DES EDIFICES EN GENERAL

      Paris: Charles- Antoine Jombert,. Fair with no dust jacket. 1738. First Edition. Hardcover. B&W Illustrations; vi, 179 pages; Volume II of ttwo, the other having been published in 1737. Contemporary leather held by binding cords. 11.5 x 8", 6 pounds. Light browning. Some signatures loose and fraying at edges. General interior condition of leaves is Good. 18th century French architectural history in pictures and descriptive text. French Language. Mainly country house gardens and also decorations both exterior and interior. The many fine engravings were done by the author. Engraved title. Plates include foldouts. No errata. Appears complete. Presumed 1st ed, 2nd issue. ; 6 .

      [Bookseller: poor mans books]
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        Travels or observations relating to several parts of Barbary and the Levant.: [bound with] A supplement to a book entituled travels, or observations, &c. Wherein some objections, lately made against it, are fully considered and answered: with several additional remarks and dissertations [and] A further vindication of the book of travels and the supplement to it, in a letter to the right reverend Robert Clayton D.D. Lord Bishop of Clogher.

      1738-46-47, Oxford Printed at the Theatre 1738 - According to Blackmer 'this supplement to Shaw's 'Travels' . appeared in response to adverse criticism. This copy also has the scarce "A further vindication of the book of travels". Blackmer 1533-34; Hamilton, Europe and the Arab World, 40. A very good copy attractively rebound in calf, raised bands, spine decorated gilt in compartment, gilt blindstamp decoration on boards. Spine edges rubbed. Discreet ownership stamps of Revd A.J. Suckling on first two leaves. First editions. Three parts bound in one, folio, pp.[vii], [i, blank], xv, [i, errata], 442, [ii], 60, [8, index]; [ii], xvi, 112; 6; with 23 plates (3 folding) and 11 maps (6 folding). Title printed in red and black, numerous vignettes.

      [Bookseller: John Randall (Books of Asia), ABA, ILAB]
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        An Apology for the Liberties of the Churches in New England.

      1738 - A Notable Defense of the Ecclesiastical Policies of the Congregational Church Mather, Samuel [1706-1785]. An Apology for the Liberties of the Churches in New England: To Which is Prefix'd, A Discourse Concerning Congregational Churches. Boston: Printed by T. Fleet, for Daniel Henchman, 1738.[viii], ix, [3], 116 [i.e. 216] pp. Octavo (7" x 4-1/2"). Contemporary paneled calf with contrasting central panels, raised bands and lettering piece to spine, gilt tooling to board edges, speckled edges. Some rubbing to extremities with minor wear to spine ends, joints just starting at ends, corners bumped and lightly worn, partial crack to text block between front free endpaper and following endleaf. Moderate toning to text, somewhat heavier in places, light foxing and minor dampstains to some leaves. Later tiny blank ticket and brief annotation to front pastedown, owner signature of Simon Bradstreet dated 1738 to front free endpaper. A handsome copy. * Only edition. Mather, pastor of Boston's Second Church and the son of Cotton Mather, defends unique practices of the American Congregational churches, such as the selection and removal of its ministers by a congregation and the right of pastors to withhold communion from "disqualified" individuals. The owner of this book was probably Simon Bradstreet IV [1709-1768]. A member of one of the most distinguished families of Massachusetts, he was a Congregational minister in Marblehead. English Short-Title Catalogue W37808. Sabin, A Dictionary of Books Relating to America 4679. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd., ABAA ILAB]
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        La Friponnerie laïque des prétendus esprits-forts d'Angleterre ou Remarques de Phileleuthere de Leipsick sur le Discours de la liberté de penser, traduites de l'anglois sur la septième édition.

      - Amsterdam, J. Wetstein & G. Smith, 1738. In-12, plein veau marbré de l'époque, dos à 5 nerfs orné de compartiments cloisonnés et fleuronnés, roulette dorée sur les coupes et les coiffes, pièce de titre de maroquin rouge, tranches rouges, xxxvi, 581, (1) p. d'errata. Première édition française de 'Remarks upon a late discourse of free thinking' (1713), traduction par Armand Boisbeleau de La Chapelle augmentée de notes, qui assura la diffusion de l’ouvrage en Europe. Richard Bentley, universitaire et théologien renommé, correspondant et vulgarisateur de Newton, livre une critique qui fera date de "l'ouvrage-manifeste" d’Antony Collins paru la même année. Réfutation méthodique et érudite, reprenant point par point les arguments d’Antony Collins et critiquant ses sources, il tente de démontrer que le déisme de l’auteur du ‘Discours sur la liberté de penser’ n’est qu’un athéisme masqué. L’ouvrage constituera un modèle emblématique pour les théoriciens, à venir, de l’opposition aux Lumières. (Conlon, 38:302. Jonathan I. Israel, ‘Enlightenment Contested’, 874. Quérard, 'France Littéraire', I, 276). Quelques petits accrocs de cuir. Bel exemplaire, bien relié à l'époque. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Librairie HATCHUEL]
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        GIVE CESAR HIS DUE. OR, THE OBLIGATION THAT SUBJECTS ARE UNDER TO THEIR CIVIL RULERS AS WAS SHEWED IN A SERMON PREACH'D BEFORE THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE COLONY OF CONNECTICUT AT HARTFORD, MAY THE 11th, 1738. THE DAY FOR THE ELECTION OF THE HONOURABLE THE GOVERNOUR, THE DEPUTY- GOVERNOUR, AND THE WORSHIPFUL ASSISTANTS

      New London: T. Green, 1738. [2],44pp., lacking the half title. Early 20th-century cloth, spine gilt. Old ownership inscription on front free endpaper, dealer's description tipped into front hinge. Titlepage soiled, portion of right margin repaired (no loss). Right margin of first leaf torn (with loss), text supplied in ink facsimile. Text age-toned, slightly dampstained. A good copy. An election sermon by Jared Eliot, based on a sermon delivered before the General Assembly of Connecticut on May 11, 1738, and published the same year in New London. Eliot graduated from Yale College in 1706 and was ordained as pastor of the Congregational Church in Killingworth (now Clinton) in 1709. He served in that position until his death in 1763. In addition to his religious role in the community, Eliot was actively involved in the natural sciences, medicine, and agriculture. "For more than forty years he never failed to preach at least once every Sunday, and was highly regarded in the colony as a minister and adviser in church matters. Without neglecting the duties of this office, he pursued his interest in natural science and achieved eminence in widely different fields...He bought considerable tracts of land, experimented wisely in their improvement, and embodied his results in an ESSAY ON FIELD HUSBANDRY IN NEW ENGLAND, published in six parts at intervals in the years from 1748 to 1759. These for a long time were the most widely read and prized agricultural essays in America. With President Ezra Stiles of Yale College, he introduced silk culture into the colony" - DAB. EVANS 4241. NAIP w01243. SABIN 22137. TRUMBULL 672. JOHNSON, NEW LONDON IMPRINTS 360. DAB VI, pp.78-79. ANB 7, pp.400-1.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana ]
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        [Document, signed]. Mémoire pour retraitte.

      Application in manuscript for a pension for Captain Jean Antoine Rostaing (b. 20 October 1738). Rostaing had served the army for more than 40 years. In the first column the military career of this captain is listed, from Lieutenant to Captain, serving at campaigns of 1759-1762. Signed by François-Joseph Lefebvre (1755- 1820), General during the French Revolution, Marshal of the first French Empire and Duke of Danzig. Lefebvre stood at the side of Napoleon during his 1799 coup d'état as a governor of Paris. After the battle of Eylau he was in charge of the siege of Danzig, and after he had taken the city he became the Duke of Danzig.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books (Since 1830)]
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        Apology for the Liberties of the Churches in New England

      , 1738. 1738. First Edition . Signed. MATHER, Samuel. An Apology for the Liberties of the Churches in New England: To which is prefix'd, A Discourse concerning Congregational Churches. Boston: T. Fleet for Daniel Henchman, 1738. Octavo, mid-20th century three-quarter green morocco gilt, raised bands, marbled endpapers. $1800.First edition of Samuel Mather

      [Bookseller: Bauman Rare Books ]
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        Thesaurus Phytologicus Das ist: Neu-eröffneter und reichlich-versehener Kräuter-Schatz. Worinnen Alle in der Artzney-Kunst gebräuchliche Gewächse, welche in allen 4. Theilen der Welt, sonderlich aber in Europa, herfürkommen, nebst ihrer ausführlichen Beschreibung, Nahmen und Beynahmen, in Teutsch-Lateinisch- und Teutscher Sprache, ingleichen dererselben sonderbaren Eigenschafften, Tugenden und fürtrefflichen Würckungen, samt beygefügter Art und Weise, wie solche herrliche und bewährte Artzney-Mittel in allerley Zufällen und Kranckheiten an Menschen und Viehe ohn einige Gefahr zu gebrauchen; In zweyen Theilen befindlich, Deren der erste die Kräuter und Blumen, der andere die Bäume und Stauden-Gewächse vorstellig machet. Allen Aertzten, Wund-

      Nürnberg, Verlegts Johann Leonhard Buggel und Johann Andreas Seitz, Buchhändler, 1738. - Frontispiz (Kupferst.), 7 Bll. (Titel in Schwarz u. Rot), 958 S., 8°, Etwas späterer marmorierter Pappband Kräuter- u. Pflanzenbuch, das ausführlich zu jeder Art "Natur / Krafft und Würckung" beschreibt, hilfreich dazu das dritte Register der "Artzneyen wider allerley Krankheiten des Leibs". - Fehlerhafter Sprung in der Paginierung von 768 auf 743 (so vollständig u. kmpl.); tlw. mit kl. Wurmspuren am Rand (ohne Textberührung); seltene Marginalien von alter Hand; Register etwas fleckig, sonst ein sehr gutes u. schönes Expl. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Versandantiquariat Hans-Jürgen Lange]
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        Oostvrieschlandts Kerkelyke Geschiedenisse of een Historisch en Oordeelkundig Verhaal. Van het gene nopens het Kerkelyke in Oostvrieschlandt, en byzonder te Emden, is voorgevallen, zedert den tydt der Hervorminge, of de jaren 1519. en 1520. tot op den huidigen dag. Uit geloofwaardige Schryvers by een verzamelt, met oude stukken, welke of zelden voorkomen, of nooit voorheen het licht gezien hebben, als mede met verscheide onuitgegevene oorspronkelyke brieven, rakende deze en gene Nederlandtsche en andere Kerken, onder het Kruis zittende, verrykt, en tot algemene nuttigheit en stichtinge medegedeelt.

      Groningen, Laurens Groenewout, en Harmannus Spoormaker 1738/1739 - 2 delen, (44, portret) 635 (18), (16) 664 (13) p. Origineel Perkament, 8° (Onderkant rug van deel 1 mist een klein stukje perkament. Mooie set.)

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat de Roo]
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        GIVE CESAR HIS DUE. OR, THE OBLIGATION THAT SUBJECTS ARE UNDER TO THEIR CIVIL RULERS AS WAS SHEWED IN A SERMON PREACH'D BEFORE THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE COLONY OF CONNECTICUT AT HARTFORD, MAY THE 11th, 1738. THE DAY FOR THE ELECTION OF THE HONOURABLE THE GOVERNOUR, THE DEPUTY- GOVERNOUR, AND THE WORSHIPFUL ASSISTANTS

      New London: T. Green, 1738. [2],44pp., lacking the half title. Early 20th-century cloth, spine gilt. Old ownership inscription on front free endpaper, dealer's description tipped into front hinge. Titlepage soiled, portion of right margin repaired (no loss). Right margin of first leaf torn (with loss), text supplied in ink facsimile. Text age-toned, slightly dampstained. A good copy. An election sermon by Jared Eliot, based on a sermon delivered before the General Assembly of Connecticut on May 11, 1738, and published the same year in New London. Eliot graduated from Yale College in 1706 and was ordained as pastor of the Congregational Church in Killingworth (now Clinton) in 1709. He served in that position until his death in 1763. In addition to his religious role in the community, Eliot was actively involved in the natural sciences, medicine, and agriculture. "For more than forty years he never failed to preach at least once every Sunday, and was highly regarded in the colony as a minister and adviser in church matters. Without neglecting the duties of this office, he pursued his interest in natural science and achieved eminence in widely different fields...He bought considerable tracts of land, experimented wisely in their improvement, and embodied his results in an ESSAY ON FIELD HUSBANDRY IN NEW ENGLAND, published in six parts at intervals in the years from 1748 to 1759. These for a long time were the most widely read and prized agricultural essays in America. With President Ezra Stiles of Yale College, he introduced silk culture into the colony" - DAB. EVANS 4241. NAIP w01243. SABIN 22137. TRUMBULL 672. JOHNSON, NEW LONDON IMPRINTS 360. DAB VI, pp.78-79. ANB 7, pp.400-1.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        Apology for the Liberties of the Churches in New England

      1738. First Edition . Signed. MATHER, Samuel. An Apology for the Liberties of the Churches in New England: To which is prefix'd, A Discourse concerning Congregational Churches. Boston: T. Fleet for Daniel Henchman, 1738. Octavo, mid-20th century three-quarter green morocco gilt, raised bands, marbled endpapers. $1800.First edition of Samuel MatherÂ’s vigorous defense of congregational church polity, inscribed opposite the title page, “For the Honorable Mr. Dummer from his most respectful obliged Friend and obedient Servant, The Author,” handsomely bound.Son of renowned Puritan clergyman Cotton Mather, Samuel ""represents the end of the 'Mather Dynasty' and its political and theological influence in New England"" (ANB). In this volume, he appeals to Scripture and patristic authorities to defend congregational churches' self-governance—including the rights to choose their officers and ordain their ministers, to set standards for receiving Communion, and to exercise private and public discipline—as the ecclesiastical polity ""instituted by their great Lawgiver and KingÂ… In their conforming to that Institution with inviolable Fidelity, they shine with superior Glory to others."" Ornamental woodcut head- and tailpieces; small historiated woodcut initial on page 1. Evans 4275. Sabin 46791. Old owner signature to title page. ""The Honorable Mr. Dummer"" of the inscription may be William Dummer, early 18th-century acting governor of Massachusetts who commanded armed forces during battles with the Wabanaki Confederacy on the Maine frontier (sometimes called ""Governor Dummer's War""). ""Notwithstanding his resolution of the war, Dummer's success in office depended upon currying favor in England and not in AmericaÂ… In 1725 Dummer approved the meeting of a synod of Congregational ministers in spite of the opposition of the local Anglican clergy. The Anglicans complained to the duke of Newcastle, who declared the meeting an infringement upon royal prerogatives and ordered the cancellation of the synod. Dummer's term as acting governor ended with the death of George I and the nomination of William Burnet to the governorship"" (ANB). A man ""of firm religious faith,"" Dummer ""appears to have been on terms of cordial friendship"" with Mather (Cleveland, First Century of Dummer Academy, 14). Dummer subscribed to Mather's 1729 biography of Cotton Mather.Scattered light foxing, dampstaining. Spine and extreme edges toned to brown. An extremely good inscribed presentation copy.

      [Bookseller: Bauman Rare Books]
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        Lo Stato Presente Di Tutti I Paesi E Popoli Del Mondo : Volume II Del Giappone, Isole Ladrone, Filippine, e Molucche ...

      Venezia: Presso Giambatista Albrizzi1. Fair with no dust jacket. 1738. Seconda Ed. Hardcover. MISSING final text leaf, light waterstains, light wear. Regni di Kochinchina, e Tonkino e della Provincia di Quansi. Solid copy in modern binding. Italian language text. Volume 2 ONLY, of multi-volume Italian-language translation of Salmon's Modern History, an early work of geography and world history. This volume covers Japan, the Marianas Islands, the Philippines, Molucca, Vietnam, and the Chinese province of Quansi (it is missing the final page of the section on Quansi).; [16]+380 pages .

      [Bookseller: Mike's Library]
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        Lo stato Presente di tutti i Paesi del Mondo. Volume III, Delle isole di Sunda, di Nikobar, e Andoman, e del Ragno di Siam

      Venezia 1738 - Legatura coeva in piena pergamena, a cinque nervi con ricchi fregi oro e tasselli. Il volume tratta delle isole di Sunda, di Nikobar, e Andoman, e del regno di Siam. Opera illustrata da numerose incisioni: "Nuova Carta delle isole di Sunda come Sumatra e Iava Grande", "Batavia", "Orang - Oetang Bosch-mensch. Uomo da bosco", "Una scimia di Java Il serpente col ciuffo", "Un rametto di pepe", "Nuova carta dell'India di là del fiume Ganges overo di Malacca Siam Cambodia Chiampa Kochinchina Laos Pegu Ava", "Rappresentazione del vestito del popolo di Siam", "Pesce Stella con nove raggi, Barca in cui si portano le Lettere del Re di Siam", "Disegno d'un convento di Talapoiani in Siam", "Sommona Codom e altri Jdoli del Siam", "Delineazione di un funerale ragguardevole nel Siam". [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Sergio Trippini]
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        Opusculorum Historico Critico Literariorum Sylloge quae Sparsim Viderant Lucem nunc recensita denuo et partem aucta indice instruuntur.

      Felgineriae, 1738. In 8°, p. pelle, pp. 538 + cc.nn. 12 + 2 inc. Front. fig. Mende alla cop. Brunitura.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Cicerone M.T.]
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        Omstændelig og udførlig Relation, Angaaende Den Grønlandske Missions Begyndelse og Fortsættelse, Samt Hvad ellers mere der ved Landets Recognoscering, dets Beskaffenhed, og Indbyggernes Væsen og Leve-Maade vedkommende, er befunden ; Af (...), Først Guds Ords u-værdig Lærere for Vogens Menigheder udi Nord-Landene, derefter Kongelig Dansk Missionair udi Grønland.

      Kbh. 1738. Liten 4to. Nyere helskinnbind med blindpreg på deklene og svakt opphøyde ryggbånd. (20), 408 s. B. N. III, 226. Eksemplar på vanlig papir. Lite navn på tittelbladets verso. Fuktskjold ved margen på de første sidene. Materien noe gulnet og stedvis svakt plettet.

      [Bookseller: Damms Antikvariat]
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        Reflections and resolutions proper for the gentlemen of Ireland,

      8vo., 237 + (1)pp., but with the usual page misnumbering in two places, contemporary calf with raised bands, wanting the title label on spine. A very good copy.Publisher: Dublin: printed by R. Reilly, for George Ewing.Year: 1738Edition: First edition: uncommon. Bradshaw 1437. Goldsmiths 7554. Hanson 5136. Not in Kress.

      [Bookseller: John Drury Rare Books]
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        Hollands ijsgezicht, 1738-1748.

      HOLLANDS IJSGEZICHT?Divertimenti degli Ollandesi in tempo del giacco.?Kopergravure vervaardigd door Giuseppe Filosi, later met de hand gekleurd. Afm. (afb.) ca. 15,2 x 21,3 cm. In lijst.De prent komt oorspronkelijk uit het boek van Thomas Salmon ?Lo Stato Presente di Tutti i Paesi e Popoli del Mondo? [de huidige situatie van ?s werelds landen en volkeren] uitgegeven tussen 1738-1748.Bijpassend bij het type boek waaruit de gravure komt, is dit wintergezicht een aaneenschakeling van kleine taferelen, visuele evergreens, onmiddellijk herkenbaar: koek-en-zopie tenten, iemand die z?n schaatsen onderbindt, een schaatser met reddingsstok, een schaatsend koppel, een tochtje in de arreslede, een kind met prikslee, sneeuwballen gooiende kinderen, vaten voortgeduwd op en slede, vier tandem schaatsende figuren.Prijs: ?750,- (incl. lijst).

      [Bookseller: Inter-Antiquariaat MEFFERDT & DE JONGE]
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        Pharmacopoea Hagana ex auctoritate magistratus poliatrorum opera instaurata et aucta.The Hague, Frederik Boucquet, 1738. 4to. With frontispiece engraved by David Coster and 2 folding engraved tables of pharmacological symbols with their meanings. Contemporary vellum.

      Daems & Vandewiele, p. 113; STCN (9 copies). Second edition, extensively revised and in the original Latin, of the official pharmacopoeia of the municipality of The Hague in the Netherlands. The index lists about 500 medicines. In some cases the text simply gives the name of the medicine with a reference to a published source, in others it gives a full recipe with the ingredients and instructions for their preparation. The 2-page engraved table, printed on two leaves that fold out so that one can consult them while reading the book, shows 90 symbols and gives their meanings, in alphabetical order. The magistrates and Collegium Medicorum of The Hague initiated the first edition, compiled by a committee of doctors from the Collegium, but even before it was published there were already complaints about its many and serious errors. They concluded that it was too late to correct them, but urged their colleagues to correct them in their own copies and they would be set right in a future edition, but in the event they had to wait 80 years for Boucquet's present second edition, with the three plates newly engraved for it.With owner's label. With an occasional minor brown spot and some faint offsetting, but otherwise in fine condition. The binding shows 1 small worm hole and is very slightly rubbed, but still very good. An important and attractive pharmacopoeia with an engraved frontispiece showing Asklepios and exotic plants.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books (Since 1830)]
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        Dissertatio inauguralis, electa de aditione hereditatis ex iure rom. et patrio [.].

      Gießen, E. H. Lammers, 1738. - 4to. (10), 178 pp. With several woodcut vignettes. Later boards with giltstamped spine label. Stored in a somewhat foxed slipcase. Rare dissertation by Goethe's father, a legal treatise on the law inheritance according to Roman and German law. The poet Johann Wolfgang Goethe was very proud of his father's thesis and praises it in his autobiography. Johann Caspar Goethe had studied law in Gießen for four years before continuing his education in Leipzig, then serving at the Wetzlar superior court and earning his doctorate in Gießen with the present dissertation. The poet Goethe would later follow in his father's footsteps and closely repeat his education. - Some browning near the beginning, otherwise a very clean and crisp copy of this very rare work. Provenance: from the estate of the Frankfurt lawyer Wilhelm A. Schaaf (1929-2015). Kippenberg I, 3404. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat INLIBRIS Gilhofer Nfg. GmbH]
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        TRAVELS INTO THE INLAND PARTS OF AFRICA: Containing a Description of the Several Nations for the Space of Six Hundred Miles up the River Gambia; To which is added Capt. Stibb's Voyage Up the Gambia in the Year 1723; with an Accurate Map of that River...

      London: printed by Edward Cave, 1738. Unusual pagination: xi, xiii, 305 pages, 86 pages, [iv] pages, 23 pages. Illustrated by a large folding map, eleven plates including one fold-out. The date of publication is neatly handwritten at the bottom of the title page; previous owner's stamp on title page and bookplate (circa 1910) on front pastedown endpaper: Henry Von Wackerbarth. Several pencil notations in the margins. Rebound (circa 1910) but the leather is chipped, rubbed and worn, and would greatly benefit from a rebinding. Octavo, measuring 7.5 inches (190mm) in height. The pages were trimmed when rebound, and a few plates are trimmed quite close to the image, and the fold-out plate suffered some loss to the caption title at the top margin. The complete book title is: TRAVELS INTO THE INLAND PARTS OF AFRICA: Containing a Description of the Several Nations for the Space of Six Hundred Miles up the River Gambia; their Trade, Habits, Customs, Language, Manners, Religion and Government; the Power, Disposition and Characters of some Negro Pringes; with a particular Account of Job Ben Solomon, a Pholey, who was in England in the Year 1733, and known by the name of the African.To Which is Added, Capt. Stibb's Voyage up the Gambia in the Year 1723, to make Discoveries; with an Accurate Map of that River taken on the Spot: and Many Other Copper Plates. Also Extracts from the Nubian's Geography, Leo the African, and other Authors antient and modern, concerning the Niger-Nile, or Gambia, and Observations thereon. By Francis Moore, Factor several Years to the Royal African Company of England.". First Edition. Hardcover. Very good condition. Octavo (8vo).

      [Bookseller: Kurt Gippert Bookseller (ABAA)]
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        Sammelband mit 75 gestochenen Tafeln

      Verschiedene Druckorte, (1738 - 1763). 75 in Kupfer gestochenen Tafeln, Halbleder mit goldgeprägten Titeln, Folio (etwas fleckig/4 Blätter lose innenliegend) - enthalten sind u.a. folgende Tafeln: A midnight modern conversation/Noon/Evening/Marriage a la mode, Plate I-VI/Industry and Idleness. The fellow Prentices at their looms/The industriousprentice perfotming The duty of a Christian/The idle prentice at Play in the church yard, during divine service/The industrious prentice, a favourite, and entrusted by his master/The idle prentice turnd away and fent to sea/The industriousptrntice out of his time & married to his masters daughter/The idle prentice returned from sea, in a Garret with a common prostitute/The industrious prentice grown rich & Sheriff of London/Gin Lane/Cruelty in perfection -

      [Bookseller: Celler Versandantiquariat]
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        Construction d'un télescope de réflexion de seize pouces de longueur, faisant l'effet d'une lunette de huit pieds, et de plusieurs autres télescopes, depuis sept pouces jusqu'à six pied et demi [...]

      Paris, Philippe-Nicolas Lottin, 1738. 1738, 1738, in-4, VIII, 132pp. et une planche repliée, veau fauve de l'époque, dos à 5 nerfs orné de motifs floraux dorés et d'une pièce de titre en maroquin rouge, tranches rouges (coiffes supérieures abîmées, quelques petits manques de cuir, coins frottés), RARISSIME PREMIERE EDITION. En fin de volume, une grande planche dépliante dessinée et gravée sur cuivre par Scotin représente le télescope de Newton et ses différentes parties. Claude Siméon Passemant (1702-1769), qui tenait boutique au Louvre, fut l'un des plus remarquables constructeurs d'instruments d'optique de la première moitié du XVIIIe siècle. Il fut dans ce domaine le digne successeur de Bion dont le traité fut un de ses livres de formation. Sur le contre-plat de fin, ex-libris manuscrit ancien de la bibliothèque « J. le Turc » avec la mention « Sciences militaires et mathématiques (in quarto) N°10 » et un numéro d'inventaire du bibliothécaire. En tête du second plat, « B[ibliothèque] LE TURC » estampé à froid. Sur le premier contre-plat, ex-libris imprimé de Lemercier-des-Alleuz. Quelques salissures néanmoins très bel exemplaire

      [Bookseller: Librairie Alain Brieux]
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        Dodsworth Family Bible] HOLY BIBLE CONTAINING THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS .

      John Baskett, London, UK 1738 - Folio, not paginated, rubbed, lacking clasps, some chips and tears to spine, some plates torn, one foldout print is torn and missing a section. Great Dodsworth Family Bible. This bible contains many pen and ink notations of the births and deaths of the Dodsworth Family including: Ralph Dodsworth son of Ralph in the county of Yorkshire. He married Elizabeth Walter d. 1811 a daughter of John and Mary Walter in 1789. Their son John was born 1790-1831. The the second son Ralph 1792. A daughter Elizabeth 1792. Col. Isaac Walters 1784-1818. Francis Wainwright 1771-1857 daughter of William & Elizabeth Hopkins. Mary da. 1775. Son Samuel Wainwright of William d. 1780 & Elizabeth Hopkins 1778 also William 1780-1782. John, son of Issac & Elizabeth Walters 1786 and a dau. Eliza Rebeccah 1788. Francis Wainwright d. 1779 wife of Samuel Wainwright d. 1780. There is also an Elizabeth Walters who died 1788. John Walter died 1789 3 yrs old. Rebeccah Welch, mother of Elizabeth Walter d. 1792. Samuel Wainwright Hopkins d. 1799 in the state of Georgia. Isaac Walter d. 1818. This Bible was owned by Francic Wainwright Hopkins who died 1857. This information is recorded on the back of several illustrations. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Riverow Bookshop]
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        La friponnerie laïque des pretendus Esprits-Forts d'Angleterre: ou remarques de Phileleuthere de Leipsick sur le discours de la liberté de penser

      first edition. Title page in red and black.Binding nineteenth later in full morocco red long grain (Russian leather) signed Thouvenin tail. Back with nerves decorated with boxes framing nets. Gilt title and date. Framing nets on the boards with clover in the spandrels. Indoor Friesland. Gilt edges. spine slightly thinned. Friction headdress, joint and corners. Split upper joint closely tailed by 3 cm. Despite some flaws, fine copy, Chez J. Wetstein & G. Smith A Amsterdam 1738 XXXVI, 581pp. (1) relié

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        TRAIT

      - Paris, Par la compagnie des Libraires, 1738-1740. Texte complet en 2 vol. in-4: 19 x 26 cm, [12]-555p.-[25]p. + [8]-572p.-[12]p.-[2]p.-86p. Avec 32 figures grav

      [Bookseller: Librairie de l'Univers]
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        Réflexions Historiques et Critiques sur les différens Théatres de l'Europe. Avec les Pensées sur la déclamation. Paris, de l'Imprimerie de Jacques Guerin, Quay des Augustins, 1738

      J. Guerin, 1738. in-8, pp. (2), VIII, 303, (9), 45, (3), leg. coeva p.pelle con fregi oro ai piatti e al dorso. Marca tipogr. al front., testatine ed iniziali silogr. Prima edizione del saggio, dedicato a Elisabetta Farnese, in cui Riccoboni (Modena 1676-Parigi 1753) realizza il primo lavoro di storia comparata sui teatri europei, ''confermando la tendenza, già sperimentata come capocomico, di ricercare fonti oltre i confini della Francia, dell'Italia e del suo tempo''. L'opera prevede infatti cinque capitoli in cui si analizza la produzione di alcuni paesi europei (Francia, Italia, Spagna, Germania e Olanda), cui fanno seguito una serie di riflessioni su svariati argomenti di critica; concludono lo scritto i ''Pensées sur la déclamation''. Importante e raro. Esemplare in ottimo stato.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Pregliasco]
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        Genera plantarum . Editio secunda.Paris, M.A. David, 1743. With 2 folding engraved plates, and one folding table.With: (2) BULLIARD, Pierre. Dictionnaire

      - Ad 1: Soulsby 299; Stafleu & Cowan 4714; ad 2: Hunt 432; Stafleu & Cowan 910. Ad 1: Third edition of what is called "the starting-point of modern systematic botany." This edition includes the additions from the Classes Plantarum (1738) and for the first time French names of the different genera. One of the folding engravings is the famous plate after G.D. Ehret, illustrating the sexual system. Ad 2: Fourth edition of a botanical dictionary, the first edited by L.C. Richard. Title-pages with library stamps and owner's entries; binding rubbed and corners and head of spine damaged.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books]
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        Éléments de la Philosophie de Neuton, mis à la portée de tout le monde.

      Amsterdam: Etienne Ledet et Compagnie, 1738. First edition, first issue, extremely rare large and thick paper copy, and in a beautiful contemporary binding, of Voltaire's only scientific work. "Owing to Descartes' great influence and Newton's dispute with Leibnitz, the spread of his [Newton's] thought on the continent took about fifty years. One of his greatest champions in France was Voltaire (1694-1778), whose Éléments de la Philosophie de Neuton, 1738, was widely read" (PMM). Voltaire "presented Newton as the discoverer of the true system of the world and the destroyer of the errors of Cartesianism" (Norman). "Popularisations are normally the most ephemeral of works: having served their purpose they are forgotten, while the masterpieces about which they were written continue to be admired even though they may long have ceased to be read by any but enquiring scholars. Voltaire's Éléments, however, is a rare exception to the general rule, being the popularisation of the work of genius by a man of genius. It is of interest, therefore, not only in itself but for what it tells us of Voltaire in relation to Newton (1643-1727), as an abiding memorial to the central role that Newton played in the development of Voltaire's philosophical thinking. Voltaire's Éléments was one of a small number of published works which contributed significantly to the acceptance and adoption of Newtonian theory in France" (Walters & Barber, p. 3). The work is dedicated to Voltaire's mistress, the Marquise du Châtelet, who provided the first French translation of Newton's Principia. Two issues of this first edition are known, printed for the publishers Etienne Ledet and Jacques Desbordes, of which the Ledet issue is generally accepted to be the first. ABPC/RBH list only two large paper copies in the last 80 years. One of these was the Norman copy (Christie's, 15 June 1998, lot 843, $5520), the second (Desbordes) issue, in a later binding and described as being 'large and thick paper' in the Norman library catalogue, although it only measured 215 x 132 mm, compared to 227x137 mm for the present copy. Voltaire's first committed interest in science in general, and in Newton in particular, dates from his increasingly close relations with the English aristocrat, freethinker, and Jacobite Lord Bolingbroke (1678-1751) and his circle from the end of 1722 onwards. Bolingbroke left London for voluntary exile in France in 1715, where he spent the next ten years. Bolingbroke encouraged Voltaire to become a frequent visitor to La Source, the Englishman's estate near Orléans. Influencing him towards an admiration of the Newtonian system and encouraging him to read Locke, Voltaire's contact with Bolingbroke and his circle ensured that when he crossed the channel in 1726, and began the intellectually most formative period of his life, he had already become oriented towards contemporary English thought, to which the Newtonian system as presented in the Principia and the Opticks had made so decisive a contribution. In London Voltaire met the prominent Newtonian Samuel Clarke (1675-1729), and seems to have regarded himself for a time as Clarke's disciple. He also came into contact with John Conduitt (1688-1737) and his wife Catherine Barton (1679-1729), Newton's niece, as well as the astronomer Samuel Molyneux (1689-1728), who may have introduced Voltaire to his pupil Robert Smith (1689-1768), whose Compleat System of Opticks (1738) Voltaire went to some trouble to obtain. Voltaire's first dated reference to Newton occurs in a letter of 27 May 1727, in which he recommends his life-long friend Nicolas-Claude Thiriot (1697-1772) to translate Henry Pemberton's A View of Sir Isaac Newton's Philosophy (1728). Voltaire was impressed by Pemberton's exposition of Newton's thoughts, which managed to convey a faithful impression of Newton's work in optics and gravitation without going into mathematical detail. Its style and approach were in sharp contrast to the writings of Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle (1657-1757) and other French popularisers of science of the day, with their emphasis on elegance and wit, often at the expense of scientific accuracy. The extent of Voltaire's Newtonian education at this time is indicated by his Lettres écrites de Londres sur les Anglois et autres sujets, in which he discussed his views on the institutions, religion, philosophy, and people of England. In letter XIV, 'Sur Descartes et Newton,' while praising the overthrow of Aristotelianism by Descartes the philosopher, Voltaire makes plain his preference for Newton's theory of attraction over the vortex theory of Descartes the physicist. Letter XV, 'Sur le systeme d'attraction,' proves how careful Voltaire's study of this system had been, indeed a comparison of this letter with the relevant parts of the Éléments shows that Newtonian attraction was a topic on which Voltaire thereafter felt little or no need to deepen his understanding. The situation was very different as regards the Opticks, however, on which letter XVI, 'Sur l'optique de M. Newton,' has very little to say. Much hard study of this aspect of Newton's work was needed before Voltaire was in a position to compose the optical chapters of his Éléments. Voltaire spent the first few years after returning to France in 1729 to poetry and playwriting, but in May 1733 he met the brilliant and vivacious Gabrielle Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, Marquise du Châtelet (1706-49); their relationship was to have a profound influence on the development of Voltaire's scientific ideas. Appreciating Émilie's interest in mathematics and natural philosophy, early in 1734 Voltaire introduced her to Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis (1698-1759), the most knowledgeable Newtonian in Paris; Maupertuis soon began to give Émilie lessons in science and mathematics. She sought to understand the nascent science of mechanics through the philosophy of Newton, Descartes, Leibniz, and Wolff, and in the process she participated in the debate between Cartesians and Newtonians. When Voltaire's Lettres were published in France in 1735, the book was condemned, torn and burned. Voltaire had to leave Paris hurriedly; Émilie offered him a refuge in her husband's Château de Cirey, located near the border with Champagne and Lorraine, which was an independent province at the time, making it an ideal sanctuary for Voltaire. A few months later, Émilie joined Voltaire at Cirey, where they lived for four years, dedicating much of their effort to studying and debating physical and metaphysical issues. She called Cirey "the land of philosophy and reason." In the autumn of 1735, after much urging from Émilie, young Venetian Newtonian Francesco Algarotti (1712-64) arrived at Cirey for a six-week visit. Algarotti had made his name through the successful repetition of some Newtonian optical experiments at Bologna in 1729. In 1733 he travelled to Florence and Rome, where he met Martin Folkes (1690-1754) who had been vice President of the Royal Society during Newton's presidency, and the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701-44). In 1734 he accompanied Celsius to Paris where he spent some time working with the mathematical prodigy Alexis-Claude Clairaut (1713-65) and Maupertuis and where, probably through Maupertuis, he met Voltaire and Madame du Châtelet. Algarotti brought with him the manuscript of a popular work he had written on optics entitled Il Newtonianismo per le dame, ovvero Dialoghi sopra la luce, which had been inspired by Fontenelle's treatment of Descartes's astronomy. Algarotti admired the technique of interspersing scientific information with literary allusions and other elegant asides, and decided to use the same approach for a popularisation of Newton's Opticks. During his visit to Cirey Algarotti read his dialogues aloud to his hosts and put the finishing touches to them. Voltaire was soon fired with enthusiasm and set about obtaining some works on optics. On 18 October he is recorded as borrowing Marco Antonio Dominis's De radiis visus et lucis (1611), Franceso Maria Grimaldi's Physico-mathesis de lumine (1665) and Athenasius Kircher's Phonurgia nova (1673) from the Bibliothèque du Roi. Algarotti's work served to remind Voltaire that in France there was no equivalent explanation of Newton's work at this level, and it is easy to see the idea of writing his own popularisation taking shape in Voltaire's mind. After the departure of Algarotti from Cirey at the end of 1735, both Voltaire and Émilie turned to science with renewed energy. Voltaire first mentions his book on Newton in an undated letter that Theodore Besterman (1904-76) assigns to the middle of July 1736. 'Il est vrai que mes occupations me détournent un peu de la poésie. J'étudie la philosophie de Newton sous les yeux d'Émilie qui est à mon gré encore plus admirable de Newton. Je compte meme faire imprimer bientôt un petit ouvrage qui metre tout le monde en état d'entendre cette philosophie, don't le monde parle & qu'on connait encore si peu.' Voltaire ordered a copy of Newton's Traité d'Optique, translated by Pierre Coste, in August 1736, and there seems to have been a copy of Principia at Cirey from late 1736 or early 1737. By October 1736 a substantial amount of progress on the book had been made, and on 19 November he announced to d'Argens that his 'philosophie de Newton' was about to be printed. This was but one more example of Voltaire's perennial optimism. If the optical side was largely finished by this date, the second, gravitational, part probably still remained largely unwritten. At the beginning of December 1736 the outcry over the publication of Voltaire's poem Le Mondain forced him to flee Cirey, taking refuge in Holland. While there he was able to set in motion the printing of the first, optical, part of the book with Etienne Ledet and Jacques Desbordes in Amsterdam while he was hard at work on the remainder. The first sheet of the Éléments was printed at the beginning of February, and the whole was to be finished in two months. But evidently this did not mean that the work itself had been completed; on 4 February Voltaire wrote to Thiriot: 'Mes récréations sont icy de corriger mes ouvrages de belles lettres, et mon occupation sérieuse d'étudier Neuton, et de tâcher de réduire ce géant là à la mesure des mains mes confrères ... J'ay entrepris une besogne bien difficile.' By the beginning of March Voltaire was back at Cirey, where he continued with the preparation of the Éléments. Voltaire sent further material to Ledet but still the gravitational part was incomplete, finishing in the middle of chapter 23. Voltaire thought that his failure to submit his final chapters would delay the Dutch edition:  behind the scenes he was working to secure a privilège for a Paris edition, a move that, if successful, would have allowed Voltaire's explanations to carry the imprimatur of the French intellectual establishment. It was essential - if the censors were to believe in Voltaire's good faith - that the Dutch edition should not appear before the French one. The long delay made Ledet restless, and Voltaire tried to placate him at the end of 1737 by allowing him to publish L'Enfant prodigue in return for postponing publication of the Éléments. By then Voltaire already feared that he would not be granted the privilege, and in January 1738 the request was formally denied after the notoriously cautious and narrow-minded Chancellor d'Aguesseau personally read the text (a rare occurrence), and then vetoed the recommendation of two other censors (another rarity) who had both recommended publication. Among the reasons for the refusal, beyond the chancellor's fussiness, were the theological views attributed to Newton in the final chapter; the great age that Voltaire assigned to the earth, in contradiction to orthodox Christian dating; and the overall anti-Cartesian tone of the work. The last in particular was seen as enflaming public debate in a climate that had already become far too contentious. But it is likely that Voltaire's tone and general reputation were the operative criterion in his censure far more than any conviction about Newtonian or Cartesian philosophy. Once he learned that he would not be granted permission for a French edition Voltaire seemed resigned to not publishing the work at all. Ledet, however, had on his hands a work supervised by Voltaire himself, of which over 300 pages had been set and printed, with many engraved illustrations, vignettes and culs-de-lampe. This was a large investment for a publisher; Ledet was not willing to abandon the project. Without consulting Voltaire he commissioned an anonymous mathematician to finish chapter 23 and add two more chapters to complete the description of the solar system which Voltaire had begun but not finished. Finally, in March 1738, at a point when the controversy between the Newtonians and Cartesians had reached its final critical stage, Ledet lost patience and published the Éléments in Holland on his own account. Ever conscious of the importance of a work appearing à propos, Voltaire could hardly have chosen a better occasion for the appearance of the Éléments if he had tried, and were it not for his genuine annoyance over the errors in the parts of the manuscript that had not been printed before Voltaire left Amsterdam, and that seemed to have been compounded by the printers, one might be tempted to suppose that, given the apparent impossibility of a French edition, all the elaborate attempts he later made to dissociate himself from the publication were no more than a smoke-screen to hide his tacit permission for the publication of the work in Holland. Nevertheless, the errors in the published work became a serious source of acrimony between Voltaire and his Dutch publishers, and Voltaire issued a number of 'éclaircissements'. He was also annoyed by his Dutch editor's decision to add "mise à la porté de tout le monde" (put at the level of everyone) to his chosen title. These were not his words, he asserted, and echoing his many statements in his contemporary correspondence, he described his work as something much more substantial than a popularisation. News of the publication of the Amsterdam edition reached Voltaire long before copies of the book itself, which took the best part of two months to arrive at Cirey. Once the Amsterdam edition was on sale Voltaire was anxious for a French edition to appear with the least delay, and since only a permission tacite could be obtained, his Paris publisher Laurent-François Prault simply set out to reproduce the Ledet edition, consulting Voltaire only at the proof stage. He made no attempt either to remove the chapters written by the anonymous mathematician or to make any revisions, apart from cancels, except that the 'éclaircissements' and a chapter on tides were added (these were also sent to Ledet, who added them to the unsold copies of his own edition). The Prault edition reached the market in August 1738; the place of publication is given as 'Londres' and no publisher is named. The Amsterdam edition of the Éléments has 25 chapters, of which the first 14 are concerned with Newtonian optics. In adopting this order, Voltaire was undoubtedly influenced by Algarotti's Newtonianismo per le dame (1737), which is primarily concerned with this aspect of Newton's discoveries, but it amounts to an innovation in that most other Newtonian expositors, including Pemberton, had followed the order of publication of Newton's major works in treating the material of the Opticks (1704) after that of the Principia (1687). The work begins with a chapter on the nature of light and of its propagation which is a historical account of earlier theories, culminating in an attack on those of René Descartes (1596-1650) and Nicolas Malebranche (1638-1715). The next two chapters deal respectively with reflection and refraction. Chapter 4 describes the eye and the role of refraction in vision. Chapter 5 discusses mirrors and the way the eye interprets their reflected images, a topic pursued in chapter 6 to consider the visual assessment of distance; this proved to be one of the most controversial sections of the work. Chapter 7 gives a more detailed analysis of the phenomenon of refraction, including an extended demonstration of Descartes's errors on this subject which was omitted in later editions. Chapter 8 then introduces Newton's major discovery of the refrangibility of solar light to give the colours of the spectrum. There now follow two chapters, 9 and 10, in which Voltaire, going beyond Newton, looks for an explanation of the phenomena just described and advances an ultimately metaphysical hypothesis - that all matter consists of indivisible and impenetrable atomic particles, separated by empty space, subject to the laws of attraction and apparently variable in individual mass. Light consists of streams of such particles, and therefore has weight; of the seven colours of the spectrum, violet, the most refrangible, will be the lightest, red, the least refrangible, the heaviest, and white light will weigh the sum of its parts. Returning to the topic of refrangibility and colour, Voltaire next provides, in chapter 11, an account of the rainbow, followed by a discussion of the reflection of colour by solid surfaces, and the phenomenon of 'Newton's rings'. The treatment of optics concludes with a description of speculations, by Newton and some predecessors, on the existence of a relationship between the seven colours of the spectrum and the seven notes of the musical scale.   Voltaire now turns from the Opticks to the Principia. Chapter 15 and 16 clear the way by demolishing prevailing Cartesian cosmological theories of subtle matter occupying all space and causing the movements of heavenly bodies by its vortices. Chapter 17 then pursues the conceptual problem of empty space from a philosophical standpoint. Chapter 18 presents the discoveries of Galileo and Newton concerning gravitational attraction, a topic expounded in detail in four further chapters, 19-22, covering respectively the general laws of planetary motion, the movements of the earth and the moon and the universality of the operation of gravitational attraction on all matter. Voltaire's clear intention was to proceed from this point to a description of the solar system in accordance with Newtonian principles; but he had sent to his Amsterdam publisher only the first part of his chapter 23, covering the sun and the inner planets, breaking off in the middle of the description of the earth. From this point on, the text was supplied by the anonymous mathematician commissioned by Ledet, who completes the description of the solar system in chapter 23, and then proceeds to add a chapter 24 which discusses the problem of zodiacal light - a non-Newtonian topic which Voltaire would not have included, he tells us - and then considers Newton's views on the nature of comets, and on the effects of gravitational attraction upon the fixed stars. Finally, in chapter 25, he goes into some detail concerning Newton's explanation of certain irregularities in the movements of the moon and other satellites. The dedicatory 'Avant-propos' to Émilie with which Voltaire prefaced the Éléments makes a frank avowal of his debt to her superior knowledge of mathematics and her particularly sound knowledge of Newton's Opticks. During the course of the composition of the Éléments Voltaire also went so far as to write to Frederick of Prussia, 'J'avois esquissé les principes assez faciles de philosophie de Neuton et Madame du Chastelet avoit sa part à l'ouvrage. Minerve dictoit et j'écrivois.' Her encouragement and advice, in spite of increasing disagreement, throughout the period of the composition of the Éléments of 1738 and the revisions from 1741 (by which time she had started work on her translation of the Principia) were clearly of inestimable value to Voltaire. It might even be argued that it would have been more appropriate, or at least more natural, if she had appeared as joint author of a work to which she evidently contributed so much. Nevertheless, even when we discount all the undoubted assistance, advice and encouragement Voltaire received, from Émilie, Maupertuis and others, it remains true that he did acquire a fundamental understanding of Newton, and that for a person of his educational background, with no more than a smattering of mathematics and science, this represented a very considerable achievement. Some idea of the magnitude of this achievement can be gained from the physical effort it cost him: 'J'ai une santé bien faible pur m'apliquer aux mathématiques,' he complained to Henri Pitot (1695-1771) in August 1736, 'je ne peux pas travailler une heure par jour sans soufrir beacoup.' Indeed, had Voltaire been asked to name the greatest intellectual challenge of his life, and the period which had cost him most in unremitting intellectual toil, he would surely have pointed to his mastery of Newton's system, and the composition of the Éléments during the period from the summer of 1736 to the summer of 1737.   It is generally accepted that the issue with Ledet's imprint precedes that with Desbordes's. "There are several variations between the two versions: the title vignette motto of the Desbordes imprint reads "Serere ne dubites" instead of "L'Esperance"; the diagrams on pp. 61 and 63 in the Desbordes version have been re-engraved with heavy lines on the mirror; and there are several minor differences in their collations" (Norman). According to Walters & Barber's definitive variorum edition of the Éléments, "There was in fact a partnership between the two men, as Voltaire's correspondence makes clear, and both were booksellers, although the actual printing and binding were done at Ledet's establishment. Ledet, an émigré Huguenot publisher, had a two-thirds interest in the firm" (p. 63, n. 8). The Éléments went through no fewer than 26 editions between 1738 and 1785. Babson 120; Bengesco, II, 1570; Wallis 155; Norman 2165 (Desbordes issue); cf. Cohen-De Ricci 1037-38, second issue. Voltaire. Éléments de la Philosophie de Neuton. Critical edition by Robert L. Walters and W. H. Barber, 1992 (see pp. 3-97). 8vo (227x137), pp. [ii], [1-3], 4-399, [400] (p. 271 misnumbered 371), with vignettes et culs-de-lampe engraved by Jacob Folkema (1692-1767), François Morellon de La Cave (1696-1768), Bernard Picart (1673-1733) and Jacob Van der Schley (1715-1779), engraved frontispiece by Folkema after Louis-Fabricius Dubourg (1693-1775), engraved portrait of Voltaire by Folkema, numerous engraved geometric figures in the text, six engraved plates and one folding engraved table ("Table des couleurs & des tons de la musique"). The remarkable frontispiece shows a ray of light from God passing through the head of Newton, seated on a cloud, then reflected in a mirror held by Madame du Châtelet who directs the shaft of light towards a man, evidently Voltaire, seated at a desk writing and surrounded by mathematical instruments, books and a globe (the figure at the desk is sometimes said to be Newton, but the figure in the clouds is clearly recognizable from contemporary portraits of Newton by Kneller and Roubiliac, in oil and marble, respectively). Contemporary polished French calf, spine richly gilt with red lettering-piece, all edges gilt, old paper label at foot of spine.

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        La friponnerie laïque des pretendus Esprits-Forts d'Angleterre: ou remarques de Phileleuthere de Leipsick sur le discours de la liberté de penser

      first edition. Title page in red and black.Binding nineteenth later in full morocco red long grain (Russian leather) signed Thouvenin tail. Back with nerves decorated with boxes framing nets. Gilt title and date. Framing nets on the boards with clover in the spandrels. Indoor Friesland. Gilt edges. spine slightly thinned. Friction headdress, joint and corners. Split upper joint closely tailed by 3 cm. Despite some flaws, fine copy, Chez J. Wetstein & G. Smith A Amsterdam 1738 XXXVI, 581pp. (1) relié

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Éléments de la Philosophie de Neuton, mis à la portée de tout le monde.

      Amsterdam: Etienne Ledet et Compagnie, 1738. First edition, first issue, extremely rare large and thick paper copy, and in a beautiful contemporary binding, of Voltaire's only scientific work. "Owing to Descartes' great influence and Newton's dispute with Leibnitz, the spread of his [Newton's] thought on the continent took about fifty years. One of his greatest champions in France was Voltaire (1694-1778), whose Éléments de la Philosophie de Neuton, 1738, was widely read" (PMM). Voltaire "presented Newton as the discoverer of the true system of the world and the destroyer of the errors of Cartesianism" (Norman). "Popularisations are normally the most ephemeral of works: having served their purpose they are forgotten, while the masterpieces about which they were written continue to be admired even though they may long have ceased to be read by any but enquiring scholars. Voltaire's Éléments, however, is a rare exception to the general rule, being the popularisation of the work of genius by a man of genius. It is of interest, therefore, not only in itself but for what it tells us of Voltaire in relation to Newton (1643-1727), as an abiding memorial to the central role that Newton played in the development of Voltaire's philosophical thinking. Voltaire's Éléments was one of a small number of published works which contributed significantly to the acceptance and adoption of Newtonian theory in France" (Walters & Barber, p. 3). The work is dedicated to Voltaire's mistress, the Marquise du Châtelet, who provided the first French translation of Newton's Principia. Two issues of this first edition are known, printed for the publishers Etienne Ledet and Jacques Desbordes, of which the Ledet issue is generally accepted to be the first. ABPC/RBH list only two large paper copies in the last 80 years. One of these was the Norman copy (Christie's, 15 June 1998, lot 843, $5520), the second (Desbordes) issue, in a later binding and described as being 'large and thick paper' in the Norman library catalogue, although it only measured 215 x 132 mm, compared to 227x137 mm for the present copy. Voltaire's first committed interest in science in general, and in Newton in particular, dates from his increasingly close relations with the English aristocrat, freethinker, and Jacobite Lord Bolingbroke (1678-1751) and his circle from the end of 1722 onwards. Bolingbroke left London for voluntary exile in France in 1715, where he spent the next ten years. Bolingbroke encouraged Voltaire to become a frequent visitor to La Source, the Englishman's estate near Orléans. Influencing him towards an admiration of the Newtonian system and encouraging him to read Locke, Voltaire's contact with Bolingbroke and his circle ensured that when he crossed the channel in 1726, and began the intellectually most formative period of his life, he had already become oriented towards contemporary English thought, to which the Newtonian system as presented in the Principia and the Opticks had made so decisive a contribution. In London Voltaire met the prominent Newtonian Samuel Clarke (1675-1729), and seems to have regarded himself for a time as Clarke's disciple. He also came into contact with John Conduitt (1688-1737) and his wife Catherine Barton (1679-1729), Newton's niece, as well as the astronomer Samuel Molyneux (1689-1728), who may have introduced Voltaire to his pupil Robert Smith (1689-1768), whose Compleat System of Opticks (1738) Voltaire went to some trouble to obtain. Voltaire's first dated reference to Newton occurs in a letter of 27 May 1727, in which he recommends his life-long friend Nicolas-Claude Thiriot (1697-1772) to translate Henry Pemberton's A View of Sir Isaac Newton's Philosophy (1728). Voltaire was impressed by Pemberton's exposition of Newton's thoughts, which managed to convey a faithful impression of Newton's work in optics and gravitation without going into mathematical detail. Its style and approach were in sharp contrast to the writings of Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle (1657-1757) and other French popularisers of science of the day, with their emphasis on elegance and wit, often at the expense of scientific accuracy. The extent of Voltaire's Newtonian education at this time is indicated by his Lettres écrites de Londres sur les Anglois et autres sujets, in which he discussed his views on the institutions, religion, philosophy, and people of England. In letter XIV, 'Sur Descartes et Newton,' while praising the overthrow of Aristotelianism by Descartes the philosopher, Voltaire makes plain his preference for Newton's theory of attraction over the vortex theory of Descartes the physicist. Letter XV, 'Sur le systeme d'attraction,' proves how careful Voltaire's study of this system had been, indeed a comparison of this letter with the relevant parts of the Éléments shows that Newtonian attraction was a topic on which Voltaire thereafter felt little or no need to deepen his understanding. The situation was very different as regards the Opticks, however, on which letter XVI, 'Sur l'optique de M. Newton,' has very little to say. Much hard study of this aspect of Newton's work was needed before Voltaire was in a position to compose the optical chapters of his Éléments. Voltaire spent the first few years after returning to France in 1729 to poetry and playwriting, but in May 1733 he met the brilliant and vivacious Gabrielle Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, Marquise du Châtelet (1706-49); their relationship was to have a profound influence on the development of Voltaire's scientific ideas. Appreciating Émilie's interest in mathematics and natural philosophy, early in 1734 Voltaire introduced her to Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis (1698-1759), the most knowledgeable Newtonian in Paris; Maupertuis soon began to give Émilie lessons in science and mathematics. She sought to understand the nascent science of mechanics through the philosophy of Newton, Descartes, Leibniz, and Wolff, and in the process she participated in the debate between Cartesians and Newtonians. When Voltaire's Lettres were published in France in 1735, the book was condemned, torn and burned. Voltaire had to leave Paris hurriedly; Émilie offered him a refuge in her husband's Château de Cirey, located near the border with Champagne and Lorraine, which was an independent province at the time, making it an ideal sanctuary for Voltaire. A few months later, Émilie joined Voltaire at Cirey, where they lived for four years, dedicating much of their effort to studying and debating physical and metaphysical issues. She called Cirey "the land of philosophy and reason." In the autumn of 1735, after much urging from Émilie, young Venetian Newtonian Francesco Algarotti (1712-64) arrived at Cirey for a six-week visit. Algarotti had made his name through the successful repetition of some Newtonian optical experiments at Bologna in 1729. In 1733 he travelled to Florence and Rome, where he met Martin Folkes (1690-1754) who had been vice President of the Royal Society during Newton's presidency, and the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701-44). In 1734 he accompanied Celsius to Paris where he spent some time working with the mathematical prodigy Alexis-Claude Clairaut (1713-65) and Maupertuis and where, probably through Maupertuis, he met Voltaire and Madame du Châtelet. Algarotti brought with him the manuscript of a popular work he had written on optics entitled Il Newtonianismo per le dame, ovvero Dialoghi sopra la luce, which had been inspired by Fontenelle's treatment of Descartes's astronomy. Algarotti admired the technique of interspersing scientific information with literary allusions and other elegant asides, and decided to use the same approach for a popularisation of Newton's Opticks. During his visit to Cirey Algarotti read his dialogues aloud to his hosts and put the finishing touches to them. Voltaire was soon fired with enthusiasm and set about obtaining some works on optics. On 18 October he is recorded as borrowing Marco Antonio Dominis's De radiis visus et lucis (1611), Franceso Maria Grimaldi's Physico-mathesis de lumine (1665) and Athenasius Kircher's Phonurgia nova (1673) from the Bibliothèque du Roi. Algarotti's work served to remind Voltaire that in France there was no equivalent explanation of Newton's work at this level, and it is easy to see the idea of writing his own popularisation taking shape in Voltaire's mind. After the departure of Algarotti from Cirey at the end of 1735, both Voltaire and Émilie turned to science with renewed energy. Voltaire first mentions his book on Newton in an undated letter that Theodore Besterman (1904-76) assigns to the middle of July 1736. 'Il est vrai que mes occupations me détournent un peu de la poésie. J'étudie la philosophie de Newton sous les yeux d'Émilie qui est à mon gré encore plus admirable de Newton. Je compte meme faire imprimer bientôt un petit ouvrage qui metre tout le monde en état d'entendre cette philosophie, don't le monde parle & qu'on connait encore si peu.' Voltaire ordered a copy of Newton's Traité d'Optique, translated by Pierre Coste, in August 1736, and there seems to have been a copy of Principia at Cirey from late 1736 or early 1737. By October 1736 a substantial amount of progress on the book had been made, and on 19 November he announced to d'Argens that his 'philosophie de Newton' was about to be printed. This was but one more example of Voltaire's perennial optimism. If the optical side was largely finished by this date, the second, gravitational, part probably still remained largely unwritten. At the beginning of December 1736 the outcry over the publication of Voltaire's poem Le Mondain forced him to flee Cirey, taking refuge in Holland. While there he was able to set in motion the printing of the first, optical, part of the book with Etienne Ledet and Jacques Desbordes in Amsterdam while he was hard at work on the remainder. The first sheet of the Éléments was printed at the beginning of February, and the whole was to be finished in two months. But evidently this did not mean that the work itself had been completed; on 4 February Voltaire wrote to Thiriot: 'Mes récréations sont icy de corriger mes ouvrages de belles lettres, et mon occupation sérieuse d'étudier Neuton, et de tâcher de réduire ce géant là à la mesure des mains mes confrères ... J'ay entrepris une besogne bien difficile.' By the beginning of March Voltaire was back at Cirey, where he continued with the preparation of the Éléments. Voltaire sent further material to Ledet but still the gravitational part was incomplete, finishing in the middle of chapter 23. Voltaire thought that his failure to submit his final chapters would delay the Dutch edition:  behind the scenes he was working to secure a privilège for a Paris edition, a move that, if successful, would have allowed Voltaire's explanations to carry the imprimatur of the French intellectual establishment. It was essential - if the censors were to believe in Voltaire's good faith - that the Dutch edition should not appear before the French one. The long delay made Ledet restless, and Voltaire tried to placate him at the end of 1737 by allowing him to publish L'Enfant prodigue in return for postponing publication of the Éléments. By then Voltaire already feared that he would not be granted the privilege, and in January 1738 the request was formally denied after the notoriously cautious and narrow-minded Chancellor d'Aguesseau personally read the text (a rare occurrence), and then vetoed the recommendation of two other censors (another rarity) who had both recommended publication. Among the reasons for the refusal, beyond the chancellor's fussiness, were the theological views attributed to Newton in the final chapter; the great age that Voltaire assigned to the earth, in contradiction to orthodox Christian dating; and the overall anti-Cartesian tone of the work. The last in particular was seen as enflaming public debate in a climate that had already become far too contentious. But it is likely that Voltaire's tone and general reputation were the operative criterion in his censure far more than any conviction about Newtonian or Cartesian philosophy. Once he learned that he would not be granted permission for a French edition Voltaire seemed resigned to not publishing the work at all. Ledet, however, had on his hands a work supervised by Voltaire himself, of which over 300 pages had been set and printed, with many engraved illustrations, vignettes and culs-de-lampe. This was a large investment for a publisher; Ledet was not willing to abandon the project. Without consulting Voltaire he commissioned an anonymous mathematician to finish chapter 23 and add two more chapters to complete the description of the solar system which Voltaire had begun but not finished. Finally, in March 1738, at a point when the controversy between the Newtonians and Cartesians had reached its final critical stage, Ledet lost patience and published the Éléments in Holland on his own account. Ever conscious of the importance of a work appearing à propos, Voltaire could hardly have chosen a better occasion for the appearance of the Éléments if he had tried, and were it not for his genuine annoyance over the errors in the parts of the manuscript that had not been printed before Voltaire left Amsterdam, and that seemed to have been compounded by the printers, one might be tempted to suppose that, given the apparent impossibility of a French edition, all the elaborate attempts he later made to dissociate himself from the publication were no more than a smoke-screen to hide his tacit permission for the publication of the work in Holland. Nevertheless, the errors in the published work became a serious source of acrimony between Voltaire and his Dutch publishers, and Voltaire issued a number of 'éclaircissements'. He was also annoyed by his Dutch editor's decision to add "mise à la porté de tout le monde" (put at the level of everyone) to his chosen title. These were not his words, he asserted, and echoing his many statements in his contemporary correspondence, he described his work as something much more substantial than a popularisation. News of the publication of the Amsterdam edition reached Voltaire long before copies of the book itself, which took the best part of two months to arrive at Cirey. Once the Amsterdam edition was on sale Voltaire was anxious for a French edition to appear with the least delay, and since only a permission tacite could be obtained, his Paris publisher Laurent-François Prault simply set out to reproduce the Ledet edition, consulting Voltaire only at the proof stage. He made no attempt either to remove the chapters written by the anonymous mathematician or to make any revisions, apart from cancels, except that the 'éclaircissements' and a chapter on tides were added (these were also sent to Ledet, who added them to the unsold copies of his own edition). The Prault edition reached the market in August 1738; the place of publication is given as 'Londres' and no publisher is named. The Amsterdam edition of the Éléments has 25 chapters, of which the first 14 are concerned with Newtonian optics. In adopting this order, Voltaire was undoubtedly influenced by Algarotti's Newtonianismo per le dame (1737), which is primarily concerned with this aspect of Newton's discoveries, but it amounts to an innovation in that most other Newtonian expositors, including Pemberton, had followed the order of publication of Newton's major works in treating the material of the Opticks (1704) after that of the Principia (1687). The work begins with a chapter on the nature of light and of its propagation which is a historical account of earlier theories, culminating in an attack on those of René Descartes (1596-1650) and Nicolas Malebranche (1638-1715). The next two chapters deal respectively with reflection and refraction. Chapter 4 describes the eye and the role of refraction in vision. Chapter 5 discusses mirrors and the way the eye interprets their reflected images, a topic pursued in chapter 6 to consider the visual assessment of distance; this proved to be one of the most controversial sections of the work. Chapter 7 gives a more detailed analysis of the phenomenon of refraction, including an extended demonstration of Descartes's errors on this subject which was omitted in later editions. Chapter 8 then introduces Newton's major discovery of the refrangibility of solar light to give the colours of the spectrum. There now follow two chapters, 9 and 10, in which Voltaire, going beyond Newton, looks for an explanation of the phenomena just described and advances an ultimately metaphysical hypothesis - that all matter consists of indivisible and impenetrable atomic particles, separated by empty space, subject to the laws of attraction and apparently variable in individual mass. Light consists of streams of such particles, and therefore has weight; of the seven colours of the spectrum, violet, the most refrangible, will be the lightest, red, the least refrangible, the heaviest, and white light will weigh the sum of its parts. Returning to the topic of refrangibility and colour, Voltaire next provides, in chapter 11, an account of the rainbow, followed by a discussion of the reflection of colour by solid surfaces, and the phenomenon of 'Newton's rings'. The treatment of optics concludes with a description of speculations, by Newton and some predecessors, on the existence of a relationship between the seven colours of the spectrum and the seven notes of the musical scale.   Voltaire now turns from the Opticks to the Principia. Chapter 15 and 16 clear the way by demolishing prevailing Cartesian cosmological theories of subtle matter occupying all space and causing the movements of heavenly bodies by its vortices. Chapter 17 then pursues the conceptual problem of empty space from a philosophical standpoint. Chapter 18 presents the discoveries of Galileo and Newton concerning gravitational attraction, a topic expounded in detail in four further chapters, 19-22, covering respectively the general laws of planetary motion, the movements of the earth and the moon and the universality of the operation of gravitational attraction on all matter. Voltaire's clear intention was to proceed from this point to a description of the solar system in accordance with Newtonian principles; but he had sent to his Amsterdam publisher only the first part of his chapter 23, covering the sun and the inner planets, breaking off in the middle of the description of the earth. From this point on, the text was supplied by the anonymous mathematician commissioned by Ledet, who completes the description of the solar system in chapter 23, and then proceeds to add a chapter 24 which discusses the problem of zodiacal light - a non-Newtonian topic which Voltaire would not have included, he tells us - and then considers Newton's views on the nature of comets, and on the effects of gravitational attraction upon the fixed stars. Finally, in chapter 25, he goes into some detail concerning Newton's explanation of certain irregularities in the movements of the moon and other satellites. The dedicatory 'Avant-propos' to Émilie with which Voltaire prefaced the Éléments makes a frank avowal of his debt to her superior knowledge of mathematics and her particularly sound knowledge of Newton's Opticks. During the course of the composition of the Éléments Voltaire also went so far as to write to Frederick of Prussia, 'J'avois esquissé les principes assez faciles de philosophie de Neuton et Madame du Chastelet avoit sa part à l'ouvrage. Minerve dictoit et j'écrivois.' Her encouragement and advice, in spite of increasing disagreement, throughout the period of the composition of the Éléments of 1738 and the revisions from 1741 (by which time she had started work on her translation of the Principia) were clearly of inestimable value to Voltaire. It might even be argued that it would have been more appropriate, or at least more natural, if she had appeared as joint author of a work to which she evidently contributed so much. Nevertheless, even when we discount all the undoubted assistance, advice and encouragement Voltaire received, from Émilie, Maupertuis and others, it remains true that he did acquire a fundamental understanding of Newton, and that for a person of his educational background, with no more than a smattering of mathematics and science, this represented a very considerable achievement. Some idea of the magnitude of this achievement can be gained from the physical effort it cost him: 'J'ai une santé bien faible pur m'apliquer aux mathématiques,' he complained to Henri Pitot (1695-1771) in August 1736, 'je ne peux pas travailler une heure par jour sans soufrir beacoup.' Indeed, had Voltaire been asked to name the greatest intellectual challenge of his life, and the period which had cost him most in unremitting intellectual toil, he would surely have pointed to his mastery of Newton's system, and the composition of the Éléments during the period from the summer of 1736 to the summer of 1737.   It is generally accepted that the issue with Ledet's imprint precedes that with Desbordes's. "There are several variations between the two versions: the title vignette motto of the Desbordes imprint reads "Serere ne dubites" instead of "L'Esperance"; the diagrams on pp. 61 and 63 in the Desbordes version have been re-engraved with heavy lines on the mirror; and there are several minor differences in their collations" (Norman). According to Walters & Barber's definitive variorum edition of the Éléments, "There was in fact a partnership between the two men, as Voltaire's correspondence makes clear, and both were booksellers, although the actual printing and binding were done at Ledet's establishment. Ledet, an émigré Huguenot publisher, had a two-thirds interest in the firm" (p. 63, n. 8). The Éléments went through no fewer than 26 editions between 1738 and 1785. Babson 120; Bengesco, II, 1570; Wallis 155; Norman 2165 (Desbordes issue); cf. Cohen-De Ricci 1037-38, second issue. Voltaire. Éléments de la Philosophie de Neuton. Critical edition by Robert L. Walters and W. H. Barber, 1992 (see pp. 3-97). 8vo (227x137), pp. [ii], [1-3], 4-399, [400] (p. 271 misnumbered 371), with vignettes et culs-de-lampe engraved by Jacob Folkema (1692-1767), François Morellon de La Cave (1696-1768), Bernard Picart (1673-1733) and Jacob Van der Schley (1715-1779), engraved frontispiece by Folkema after Louis-Fabricius Dubourg (1693-1775), engraved portrait of Voltaire by Folkema, numerous engraved geometric figures in the text, six engraved plates and one folding engraved table ("Table des couleurs & des tons de la musique"). The remarkable frontispiece shows a ray of light from God passing through the head of Newton, seated on a cloud, then reflected in a mirror held by Madame du Châtelet who directs the shaft of light towards a man, evidently Voltaire, seated at a desk writing and surrounded by mathematical instruments, books and a globe (the figure at the desk is sometimes said to be Newton, but the figure in the clouds is clearly recognizable from contemporary portraits of Newton by Kneller and Roubiliac, in oil and marble, respectively). Contemporary polished French calf, spine richly gilt with red lettering-piece, all edges gilt, old paper label at foot of spine.

      [Bookseller: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS]
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        Elémens de la philosophie de Neuton [Newton], mis à la portée de tout le monde.

      Amsterdam, Etienne Ledet, 1738. ____ Première édition. Cet ouvrage par lequel Voltaire a popularisé en France les idées scientifiques et philosophiques de Newton, par l'élégance de ses gravures est l'un des plus attrayants des livres scientifiques du XVIIIème siècle. Il est illustré par 7 planches hors-texte dont une dépliante et 107 vignettes et culs de lampe dans le texte, gravés sur cuivre. Des feuillets un peu brunis, coiffes usées, fente à la charnière.***** First edition. By its illustrations, one of the most attractive scientific books of the eighteenth century. Contemporary calf. In-8. Collation : un portrait, un frontispice, (2), 399, (1) pp. et 7 pl. hors-texte. Veau brun, dos à nerfs orné, tranches rouges. (Reliure de l'époque.).

      [Bookseller: Hugues de Latude]
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        Le mécanisme du fluteur automate, présenté à Messieurs de l'Académie royale des Sciences. Avec la description d'un canard artificiel, mangeant, beuvant, digérant & se vuidant, épluchant ses ailes et ses plumes, imitant en diverses manières un canard vivant. Inventé par la même. Et aussi celle d'une autre figure, également merveilleuse, jouant du tambourin & de la flûte, suivant la relation, qu'il en a donnée depuis son mémoire écrit.

      Paris (Hollande), Jacques Guérin, 1738. ____ Seconde édition, augmentée et la première illlustrée. Le frontispice gravé sur cuivre montre les trois automates exposés à Paris par Vaucanson : le joueur de flute, le célèbre canard artificiel et un joueur de tambourin et de flute mesurant 1mètre 50. On sait que les automates de ce génial inventeur sont aujourd'hui perdus, à l'exception de simples morceaux du canard. "Le hardi Vaucanson, rival de Prométhée, semblait, de la nature imitant les ressorts, prendre le feu des cieux pour animer les corps." (Voltaire) "L'Académie ayant entendu la lecture d'un Mémoire de Monsieur Vaucanson contenant la description d'une statue de bois, copiée sur le faune en marbre de Coysevox, qui joue de la flûte traversière, sur laquelle elle exécute douze airs différents avec une précision qui a mérité l'attention du public, et dont une grande partie de l'Académie a été le témoin, elle a jugé que cette machine était extrêmement ingénieuse, que l'auteur avait dû employer des moyens simples et nouveaux, tant pour donner aux doigts de cette figure les mouvements nécessaires que pour modifier le vent qui entre dans la flûte, en augmentant ou diminuant la vitesse suivant les différents tons, en variant la disposition des lèvres et faisant mouvoir une soupape qui fait les fonctions de la langue; enfin, en imitant par art tout ce que l'homme est obligé de faire, et qu'en outre cela, le Mémoire de Monsieur de Vaucanson avait toute la clarté et la précision dont cette machine est susceptible, ce qui prouve l'intelligence de l'auteur et ses grandes connaissances dans les différentes parties de la mécanique." (Rapport de l'Académie des Sciences). Cette seconde édition est augmentée dune "Lettre de M. Vaucanson à M. l'abbé D. F." dans laquelle il décrit longuement son canard automate, sa création la plus étonnante. D'après la typographie, cette édition semble avoir été imprimée en Hollande. ***** Second edition, enlarged and the first illustrated. Vaucanson's creations were recognized as being revolutionary in their mechanical lifelike sophistication. Illustrated by a engraved frontispice showing three automates, his most famous automata. Vaucanson's most famous creation was undoubtedly "The Duck." This mechanical beast could flap its wings, eat, and digest grain. Each wing contained over four hundred moving parts and even today it remains something of a mystery. The original duck has disappeared. "A rival to Prometheus, [Vaucanson] seemed to steal the heavenly fires in his search to give life." (Voltaire). This second edition is enlarged with at the end a letter of Vaucanson to "l'abbé D. F.", in which he describes at lenght his famous duck. This edition, according to its typography, appears to have been printed in Low-Countries. In-4. [230 x 185 mm] Collation : frontispice, 22, (2) pp. Broché.

      [Bookseller: Hugues de Latude]
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        Lyste van sulke simplicia en composita die in een kleine garnisoen hospitaal moeten gevonden worden, te weeten als het garnisoen minder als drie duisend man is, of daar om de kleinheid der stad en garnisoen het hospitaal in het geheel is aan besteed, om soo voor doctor, apothecar, chirurgyn als hospitaalmeester alles te versorgen, moetende nogtans alle simplicia en composita na de descriptie van de Haagsche apotheek in het jaar 1738 gedrukt, geprepareert worden, en van de beste soort zyn.[The Hague], Raad van State, 16 October 1742. Small folio (33 x 21 cm). 2 bifolia, formerly sewn.

      - Cf. Landwehr & V.d. Krogt, VOC 845-851; not in Knuttel; NCC; STCN; WorldCat. Unrecorded list of simples and compound medicine required for the hospitals of Dutch garrisons with fewer than 3000 men. The medicines could be prepared onsite following the The Hague pharmacopoeia of 1738. These lists were issued by the Dutch government for use by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and Dutch West India Company (WIC), who had troops stationed abroad.Slightly browned and soiled near the edges, otherwise in good condition and wholy untrimmed.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books]
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        Schloß Weissenstein, Ansicht der Hofseite, "Prospect des Schloß gegen den Hoff".

      - Kupferstich v. Corvinius n. S. Kleiner, 1738, 24,5 x 40,5 Thieme - B. XX, 452 ff. - Blatt 4 der berühmten Folge. Der Schloßhof belebt durch zahlreiche Reiter.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Nikolaus Struck]
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        A Complete Collection of Genteel and Ingenious Conversation, according to the most polite mode and method now used at court, and in the best companies of England. In three dialogues. By Simon Wagstaff.

      Printed for B. Motte, and C. Bathurst. 1738 [4], lxxxvi, [2], 215, [1]pp ad., preliminary ad. leaf. 8vo. Endpapers & pastedowns browned & dusted. Contemporary calf, double gilt ruled borders; hinges cracked but firm, spine worn at head & tail, corners sl. worn. A good sound copy.ESTC T200363; Teerink-Scouten, 761. One of a number of variant issues published in 1738, this has the woodcut of a basket of flowers as the headpiece on page i, and the catchword 'as'. It is the scarcest variant, recorded in just 3 copies, (Hon. Society of King's Inn Dublin, Bodleian, and New York Historical Society). The work, arranged in a series of dialogues, is designed to teach by example, and offers the reader a method by which they might improve their own art of conversation. In his preface Swift notes that 'I always kept a large table-book in my pocket; and as soon as I left the company, I immediately entered the choicest expressions that passed during the visit; which, returning home, I transcribed in a fair hand'. These were the phrases not to use, and record the banality and cliché ridden conversation of early 18th century England. The work was dramatized in 1749 as 'Tittle Tattle; or, Taste a-la-Mode. A new farce. Perform'd with universal applause by a select company of belles and beaux, at the Lady Brilliant's withdrawing-room ... by Timothy Fribble, Esq.'.

      [Bookseller: Jarndyce Rare Books]
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        A Faithful Account of the Religion and manners of the MahometansandnbspIn which is a particular relation of their pilgrimage to Mecca the place of Mahomets birth and a Description of Medina and of his Tomb there As likewise of Algier and the Country adjacent and of Alexandria Grand Cairo andampc With an account of the Authors being taken captive the Turks Cruelty to him and of his escape

      

      [Bookseller: Maggs Bros. Ltd.]
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        Panegyricus, cum notis integris [Ensemble] Latini Pacati Drepanii panegyricus

      First edition, illustrated with a frontispiece Jongmann and a title tag. Title page in red and black.Copy to big arms stamped on the flat of the city of Amsterdam.Dutch Binding full rigid vellum gold. Back with nerves decorated with the arms of the city of Amsterdam. dishes hit the center of the arms of the cities of Amsterdam, a first frieze frame with the arms of the city of Amsterdam in the corners, a second frieze broader framework. Traces laces. Ors slightly dimmed on the big guns of the dishes. Dos yellowed. Despite the reported defects, very nice copy, rare in this condition. Apud Janssonio Waesbergios & Apud Vduum & filium S. Schouten Amstelaedami (Amsterdam) 1738 - 1753 in-4 (19x25,5cm) (6) xcii, (22) 469pp. (57) relié

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        A Chart of the entrance into Kanton from the Sea. Humbly Inscribed to the Rt. Honourable Lord Vere Beauclerk.

      No date. [ 1738]. Copper plate engraving, 9 3/8 x 14 1/2 inches on sheet 16 x 10 inches. Narrow left margin with little paper loss just entering the neat line at upper left. Soft undulations to the paper. Map is clean and bright. An attractive early map of the Pearl river delta from Kanton to the sea including Ma-kau (Macau), Lan-tou (Hong Kong's Lantau Island), and islands to the southwest. At left is an inset map "Plan of Quang-Chew Fu commonly called Kanton" showing the divisions of the city: Tartar City, Chinese City and Suburb, with the location of forts. This is a plate from Du Halde's "A description of the empire of China and Chinese-Tartary: together with the kingdoms of Korea, and Tibet: containing the geography and history (natural as well as civil) of those countries" published in London in 1738. Originally published in French in 1735, this was an encyclopedic compendium by Jesuit priest Jean Baptiste Du Halde of the written accounts of some 27 Jesuits in China, documenting the history and customs of the country.

      [Bookseller: oldimprints.com]
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        The Description and Use of the Globes, and the Orrery. To which is prefixed, by way of introduction, a brief Account of the Solar System.

      London: Printed for Thomas Wright, Mathematical Instrument-Maker... And E. Cushee, Globe-Maker, 1738. Octavo, with six engraved folding plates; early ink ownership inscription ("John Wadham, his booke July 12th 1762"), armorial bookplate of Belsfield, and a later owner's embossed stamp; a good, crisp copy in contemporary dark calf, front cover later paper label. A popular handbook on globes which ran to at least ten editions from 1731 (this is the fourth). Harris begins with an introduction to the latest models of globes, celestial and terrestrial. He then demonstrates how to use the globes to solve forty-six problems, including finding latitudes and longitudes for any given place, finding the position of the sun at any given date, discovering on which date the sun will be directly overhead in any given spot in the torrid zone, computing the length of any given day of the year, finding the altitude of a star, and so on (Taylor, The Mathematical Practitioners).Joseph Harris (1702-64) began as a blacksmith in Cornwall with an interest in mathematics. He designed and made mathematical and navigational instruments, and his interest in navigation led him to voyage to Mexico and Jamaica. He also taught mathematics, and in 1748 became Master of the Mint in the Tower of London. These interests are reflected in his publications on coinage and navigation.The two publishers of the book were also practical savants: Thomas Wright was a maker of scientific instruments, who specialised in the orrery, while Richard Cushee (who died in about 1732: the publisher here is probably his son) was a maker of globes and was the engraver of the plates in this book. With two layers of leather showing with some wear near the spine, but the book not rebacked.

      [Bookseller: Hordern House]
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        The History of the Conquest of Mexico by the Spaniards

      London: Printed for T Woodward, 1738. 2 volumes. x+479 pages with foldout frontispiece portrait of Hernan Cortez, four foldout plates and two fold out maps. xii+475+[1 ad] pages with two foldout plates. Octavo (8 1/2" x 5 1/2") bound in original full leather with with gilt fillet borders on covers, the spine in six compartments separated by six raised bands, black morocco gilt lettering piece in one and the rest gilt-ruled (Field 1465, Sabin 86490, Palau: VI 530) First octavo edition.Originally published in Spanish in 1684, the first English edition was published in 1724.In 1661 Antonio de Solis was appointed to succeed Antonio de León Pinelo as chronicler of the Indies. He was a native of Alcalá and had studied classics, philosophy, and laws there and in Salamanca. He served as secretary to the Conde de Oropesa and, after 1654, as Oficial of the first Secretariat of State. His writings prior to his appointment as chronicler were of a literary nature, principally dramatic and poetic. His work as chronicler showed the influence of his literary background. He at first intended to write a continuation of Herrera’s Historia. In preparing himself for this he found a prejudice in the works of foreigners and his own nation that he decided to rewrite the story of the conquest of Mexico, which he found most in need of revision. His work, therefore, was affected by two elements which damaged its historical value: his desire to write a well-balanced literary work and his determination to defend the Spanish national honor. The result of his labors was his Historia de la conquista de México, población y progreso de la Amérique Septentrional conocida con el nombre Nueva España, which appeared in 1684. The actual content of the work does not come up to the indications of the title. Solís was able to complete only the first part, which told the history of the conquest of Mexico, 1519-1521. He was working on the continuation of the work when he died in Madrid in 1686. Solis’ Historia has been called a poem without verse, as it is written in epic style, with a great central hero and with the facts selected according to the needs of the story. It became the first standard literary version of the Conquest until Prescott’s history and other later works. It went through numerous Spanish editions and was translated in the major European tongues.... A lengthy study of Solís and his history, by Luis A. Arocena, saw publication in Buenos Aires in 1963. (Handbook of Middle American Indians, Volume 13 )Condition:Book plate to front paste down, previous owner's name on front end papers, skillfully rebacked, corners bumped with some chipping to some else a very nice set.

      [Bookseller: The Book Collector ]
 40.   Check availability:     ABAA     Link/Print  


         Le méchanisme ou le nouveau traité de l'anatomie du globe de l'oeil avec l'usage de ses différentes parties, & de celles qui lui sont contigües.

      Paris, Michel-Estienne David, 1738, in 8°, de 4ff. VII-413,pp. 1f.., ill. d'un portrait et de 5 planches gravées se dépl., pl. veau moucheté époque, dos orné, tr. rouges, bel exemplaire. Première édition française. de "An account of the mechanism of the globe of the eye" (1730). L'oculiste du Roi George II, John Taylor, un habile chirurgien, apporta une contribution notable à l'ophtalmologie. Il parcourut toute l'Europe, et sa dextérité supposée lui valut un grand renom, qu'il sut adroitement entretenir à grand renfort de publicité. Il finit sa vie à Paris. Toutefois il est resté dans l'histoire pour ses opérations manquées sur les musiciens Bach et Haendel. In fine se trouve une bibliographie des auteurs qui ont écrit sur les maladies de l'oeil. "Taylor possessed considerable skill as an operator... his main claim to priority lies in his views on strabismus. He kept up with the discoveries of the day, made original contributions to the treatment of squint, and was expert at couching for cataract." (Oxford Dict.) ¶ Dezeimeris IV. p.252 - Hirsch V. p.524 - Waller I. 9502 - cat. Bernard Becker Coll. in Ophthalmology n°371.

      [Bookseller: L'intersigne Livres anciens]
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        Version du Nouveau Testament selon la Vulgate, par le Pere Amelote

      New corrected edition.Binders full morocco vintage claret. Back to jansenist nerves. parts of title and volume number in beige leather. Guards in gold leaf. gilt edges. Roll on turns and inner frieze. minimal traces of rubbing. Gilding faded on contreplats. Very nice copy executed in a high quality skin. Chez la veuve Mazieres & J. B. Garnier à Paris 1738 in-12 (9,5x17cm) (94) 645pp. et (2) 509pp. (11) 2 volumes reliés

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Das zum Krieg gehörige Augen-Werck, In Ansehung der Vortheile, So man in einer wohl ordinierten Bataille von der Situation des Orts zu erwarten hat... Dresden, Zimmermann seel. Erben u. Gerlach, 1738. 12 Bll. m. gestoch. Vignette, 276 S. Mit 6 mehrf. gefalt. Kupfertafeln. Kl.-4°. Leder d. Zt. m. Rverg. (etw. beschabt und bestoßen, Kap. etw. angeplatzt bzw. restauriert).

       1738 Jähns 1514 f.- Erste Ausgabe.- \'Wird auch durch die von Herrn George Rimpler in seinen Schriften angezeigte vortheilige Disposition der Festungs-Wercke ... erkennet ...\' (Untertitel).- Die Arbeit des in Diensten des Kurfürsten von Sachsen stehenden Capitaines Herlin enthält eine Erläuterung von Darstellungen und Grundsätzen französischer Schriftsteller, welche damals unbestritten die militärische Gedankenwelt beherrschten (Jähns), und eine von J. Chr. Glaser 1736 herausgegebene Zusammenstellung zur Rimplerschen Kontroverse: Antwort-Schreiben auf die vom Herrn Grafen von A. gethane drey Fragen, betreffend I. Das Laster des Ingenieurs, die anderer Leute Wercke vor die ihrigen ausgeben II. Das beruffene Dessein des Herrn Rimplers III. Den Nutzen der Analyse in dem Genie (ab S. 133).- Die Kupfer zeigen Festungsanlagen von Malta und Stralsund, Festungsdetails sowie Schlachtordnungen.- Etwas braunfleckig.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Schramm]
 43.   Check availability:     buchfreund.de     Link/Print  


        Hydrodynamica; sive, de viribus et motibus fluidorum commentarii.

      Strassburg: Johann Heinrich Decker, 1738. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. 304 pp., 12 engraved plates, full calf, gilt-lettered backstrip, 5 bands. With engraved title vignette and 12 folding copperplates by I.M. Weis. Royal coat of arms tipped in title page. Minor rubbing to boards; otherwise fine. ---Bibliotheca Mechanica, pages 34-35. Norman 215, PMM 179 (mentioned). - FIRST EDITION of Daniel Bernoulli's most important work, the foundation of modern hydrodynamics (a term first employed in this book), and containing his formulae for calculating the velocity, duration and quantity of liquid issuing from an opening in a container. Other chapters deal with water oscillations, a theory of machinery (including an extensive treatment of the screw of Archimedes) and an important section which introduces his kinetic gas theory. Very Good.

      [Bookseller: Milestones of Science Books]
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        Histoire des rats, pour servir a l'histoire universelle. [Ensemble] Dissertation sur la prééminence des chats dans la société, sur les autres animaux d'Egipte

      Second edition of the history of rats, possibly a reprint of the first published the previous year in 1737 and identical to it.New edition under a different title Moncrif Cats, originally published in 1727 and illustrated in Figures 9 after Charles Antoine Coypel by Caylus.Binding in full mottled calf brown circa 1815. Back to nerves decorated with 5 irons, fat nets and rollers. red calf as an exhibit. frieze framing on the boards, and inner frieze. 3 corners bumped. Traces of friction. Misses the bottom right corner of the first page after the title of the second book. Beautiful copy, well connected. S.n. & chez Jean Daniel Beman à Ratopolis& àRotterdam 1738 - 1741 in-8 (13x21cm) (4) xvj, 140pp. (12) (4bc.) VIII, 204pp. (13) relié

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Anglia Judaica: or The History and Antiquities of the Jews in England

      Oxford James Fletcher 1738 First edition. Full leather binding with raised bands, 4to. (8)319 pp. Scuffing to binding and boards. Gilt stamped "London Society for Promoting Christianity Amongst the Jews" on the front board. Roth, Magna Bibliotheca Anglo-Judaica A3:42 (page 28) Anglia Judaica, by the clergyman D'Blossiers Tovey (1692-1745), is the first comprehensive history of the Jews of England, with especially useful information concerning the protracted negotiations between Menaseh ben Israel and Oliver Cromwell over the proposed resettlement of the Jews in England - a crucial period in Anglo-Jewish history.

      [Bookseller: Fishburn Books]
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