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        Hechos de Don García Hurtado de Mendoça, Marqués de Cañete.

      Imprenta Real, Madrid 1613 - Small quarto, with an engraved title, occasional spotting; modern morocco, a fine copy. D. First edition, first issue: an exceptional rarity. Mendaña and Quiros searching for the southern continent: the first of two issues of the first edition (a second issue appeared three years later). This has always been an extremely rare book, and at least two famous collectors had enough trouble finding it to write about the difficulty: Alexander Dalrymple states in his Historical Collection that he had 'not been able to procure a copy of Figueroa' until, when his first volume was in the press in 1769, he acquired a copy 'from Spain' and was able to add the final section to his book; and Rex Nan Kivell wrote to Bjarne Kroepelien (quoted in the Kroepelien catalogue): 'I was delighted to get your list of books and am very envious of them, particularly? your Suárez de Figueroa? [which] I have been hunting for twenty years'.The text, an account of the deeds of Don García Hurtado de Mendoça (captain-general of Chile and from 1590-96 viceroy of Peru), was commissioned by his family; it describes the wars against the Araucano Indians in Chile and Don García's rule as viceroy; the incursions of Drake, Cavendish and Hawkins are touched upon.Most importantly however, it is a prime source for the history of Mendaña and Quiros. Mendaña's discovery of the Solomons in 1568 is narrated (pp. 228-37), and there is a long account of his second voyage (pp. 238-90), which was despatched from Peru in 1595 to colonise the Solomons and to continue the search for the Southern Continent. Although Mendaña failed to rediscover the Solomons and died along with many of his crew - the chief pilot, Quiros, finally guiding the survivors to safety in the Philippines - his second voyage is especially significant marking the first discovery of an important Polynesian island group, the Marquesas (named "Las Marquesas de Mendoça" after the viceroy) and led directly to Quiros's own expedition of 1605 and his celebrated quest for Terra Australis Incognita.This is one of two principal contemporary printed sources for Mendaña's momentous voyage, the other being Quiros's report to Don Antonio de Morga published in the exceedingly rare Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas, Mexico, 1609.Suárez de Figueroa's account is based on the manuscript Narrative of his friend Quiros, who had suggested him to the King in 1610 as chronicler for the proposed expedition to the Southern Continent; Celsus Kelly has established that Suárez de Figueroa 'incorporates as his own many phrases, paragraphs and even at times entire pages, except for minor alterations, from the 'Narrative' of Quiros on the Mendaña 1567 and 1595 voyages. For this he must surely have received Quiros's permission since they were both in Madrid at that time?'. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Hordern House Rare Books]
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        Sichardus Redivivus; Clarissimi Viri Ioannis Sichardi, Celeberrimi.

      1613 - Commentaries on the Code of Justinian by an Important Humanist Scholar Sichard, Johannes [1499-1552]. Hertzog, Samson, Editor. Sichardus Redivivus. Clarissimi Viri Ioannis Sichardi, Celeberrimi Iureconsulti Germani, Et in Alma Tubingensi Academia Quondam Ordinarii Iuris Civilis, Dictata & Praelectiones in Codicem Iustinianeum. Ex Collatione Operosa Manuscriptorum Codicum, Restitutis Primo quam Plurimis Haud Parvi Momenti Defectibus. Deinde Negativis Desideratis Additis: & Abundantibus Demtis. Tertio Amplius Quingentis Iurium Allegationibus Redintegratis. Quarto Sublatis Plusquam Mille Aliis Erratis, Hactenus non Animadversis. Nunc Demum Post Modianam Recognitionem et Anni LXXXVI. Editionem Francofurtensem, A Samsone Hertzog, Auctiores, & Emendatiores Editae. Opus Plane Frugiferum, Et Tam Foro, Quam Scholis (Quod Evidentialia Titulorum & Legum, Id Est, Vocabula & Phrases Artis Singulari Diligentia Excutiat,) Accommodatum. Cum Praefatione Amplissimi Collegii Facultatis Iuridicae in Predicta Academia; Necnon Summariis & Indice Locupletissimo. Frankfurt: Ex Officina Hoffmanniana, Sumtibus Ionae Rhodii, 1613-1614. [xx], 617, [1]; 12, [8], 641-1145 (i.e 1175), [47] pp. Two volumes in one book. Main text in parallel columns. Folio (14" x 8-1/2"). Contemporary paneled pigskin, raised bands to spine, ties lacking. Moderate rubbing to extremities with wear to head of spine, some soiling, a few nicks and scuffs, boards slightly bowed, front joint just starting at foot, corners bumped and lightly worn. Title page of Volume I printed in red and black, woodcut title-page devices, head-pieces, tail-pieces and decorated initials, Volume I has large woodcut printer's device and colophon and, above the dedication, the arms of the Price of Wurtemberg, dedicatory poem in Volume II followed by woodcut arms of Sichard. Moderate toning to text, light browning in places, occasional faint dampstaining to outer margins of fore-edges, light soiling to title page of Volume I, which has a few early owner signatures. Early underlining, brief annotations and other markings in a few places, interior otherwise clean. * Third and final edition. Sichard, or Sichardt, was a notable German humanist and professor of law at the University of Tubingen. A pupil and protege of Ulrich Zasius, he was an outstanding editor and interpreter of Roman law. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd., ABAA ILAB]
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        Discursus siue Relatio Memorabilis (The Eighth Memorial)

      Frankfurt: M. Becker, 1613. Foolscap folio, pp.13-20, some toning, but very good in magnificent red half morocco with gilt lettering by Aquarius. The eighth memorial printed within Quiros' own lifetime. A rare and notably early printing of the famous Quiros memorial about the discovery of Terra Australis, the fifth part of the world. This is one of the few printings of the eighth memorial within Quiros' own lifetime.The four leaves of the memorial are extracted from the tenth part of classic collection of voyages published by Johann de Bry. The collection is essentially a history and anthology of the Dutch voyages to the East Indies and the Pacific by way of the Cape of Good Hope.Quiros, the last of the great Spanish discoverers, sailed on the Mendana expedition across the Pacific in 1595, and then commanded his own expedition of 1605-06 in search of the Terra Australis, actually discovering Tahiti and other Pacific Islands, and reaching the New Hebrides. His second-in-command, Luis Vaez de Torres, took one of the expedition's ships through the consequently named Torres Strait, and probably sighted Cape York.The remainder of Quiros's life was spent petitioning the King for an expedition with settlers to Terra Australis, without success; his secret 'Memorial' to the Spanish Court, which gradually became leaked through Europe in editions such as this, provoked the search for a southern continent that was not finished until Cook's expedition 150 years later.

      [Bookseller: Hordern House Rare Books]
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        HISTORIE DELLE MIRACOLOSE IMAGINI e delle vite de? Santi, i corpi de? quali sono nella città di Lucca.

      Guidoboni 1613 gr. vol. in - 4 antico, pp. (16), 614, (2), leg. p. perg. coeva con tit. mss al d. Front. inc. in rame con bella veduta prospettica della città, i Santi protettori e la Madonna entro riquadro al margine alto. Marca tipogr. al fine. Stemma della città al verso della seconda carta non numerata. Numerose incis. e capilett. xilogr. Testo su due colonne. Piantanida 4587. Bell?esempl. [049]

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Scriptorium]
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        Kst.- Karte, b. Mercator - Hondius, "Irlandiae Regnum".

      . mit altem Grenzkolorit,, nach 1613, 34 x 46,5. Bonar Law, The printed maps of Ireland to 1612, S. 20 ( Me 22 / Me 27 a/ Me 29 a ): Krogt, Koemans Atlantes Neerlandici, Bd. 1 ( Nr. 5902.1.1 ). Aus einer lateinischen Ausgabe ( 1613 - 1630). - Unten rechts eine Rollwerkskartusche mit dem Titel. Zeigt Mittel- und Südirland.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Nikolaus Struck]
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        A Publication of his MaÕties Edict, and Severe Censure against Private Combats and Combatants; Whether within his Highnesse Dominions, or without; With their Seconds, Accomplices, and Adhaerents

      London: Robert Barker, 1613. Sm. 4to, (4), 119, (1)pp. Woodcut on verso of title-page. Modern half brown morocco, marbled boards, backstrip lettered in gilt, very good. First edition, the issue with ?'doeth?" on A3v line 1 (the other issue reads ?'doth?"). DNB notes: ?'The last tract that Northampton composed was written in the autumn of 1613, just before his health began to fail. Designed to accompany the royal proclamation against private challenges and combats, issued on 4 February 1614, it was written in the king's name. James detested duelling, but the treatise also reflected Northampton's own long-standing anxieties. From 1613 a campaign against duelling was under way, led by Northampton and enforced in Star Chamber and the court of the earl marshal. He also collected extensive information on the code and practice of duelling, imported from France and Spain. The proclamation was triggered by several duels involving courtiers, the most notorious being one between Lord Henry Howard, brother of Frances, and the earl of Essex, the husband whom she was divorcing. Northampton recognized that it was not enough to ban duels. Instead he proposed alternative remedies to provide satisfaction for those who believed their honour and reputation had been traduced. The commissioners for the earl marshalship, together with the lords lieutenant in the counties, would hear cases, and heavy punishments would be inflicted on those who disobeyed their attempts at conciliation. Potential duellers were exhorted to remember the king's interest in the lives of his subjects. The treatise exemplified Northampton's passion for social order, while marking a radical departure from many current notions of honour, which embraced private combats with an often deadly enthusiasm.?" ESTC S100678: holdings would suggest that this is slightly scarcer than the other issue.

      [Bookseller: John Windle Antiquarian Bookseller]
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        Philonos 'Ioudaiou 'exegetika sungrammata}. Philonis Iudaei Opera exegetica in Libros Mosis, De mundi opificio, historicos, et legales, quae partim ab ADRIANO TURNEBO (.) partim a DAVIDE HOESCHELIO (.) edita et illustrata sunt. Accessere extra superiorum ordinem eiusdem Philonis sex opuscula quorum alia sunt spidoktika, alia didaskalika, alia denique historica res quae Iudeais auctoris aevo contigere describentia. Nunc graece et latine in lucem emissa ex accuratissima SIGISMUNDI GELENIJ interpretatione (.).

      - Coloniae Allobrogum (Geneva), Petrus de la Rouiere, 1613. Folio. (8) blanc leaves, 904, ((24) pp., blancs (7,8) with small whole, titleprint somewhat browned, waterstain to first few leaves; else very good. Contemp. blindstamped vellum, raised bands, vellum ties (mostly lacking), contemp. title in ink on spine: Philo Opera exegetica; some age-soiling. Extensive contemp. annotation in French on the life of Philo in ink on blanc (7). First edition of the complete works. Greek text and Latin translation in double columns; printed with elaborate woodcut head-pieces and tail piece and decorated initials. Ref.: Goodenough, The politics of Philo of Judaeus with Bibliography, nr. 398.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat Spinoza]
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        OPERA Quae velut in partes antè sparsa, nunc in certas classes digesta; atque in gratiam & utilitatem legentium, in novum corpus redacta & II Tomis comprehensa.

      Lugduni, apud Horatium Cardon, 1613. In-4 gr. (mm. 354x222), 2 voll., p. pergam. coeva, dorso a cordoni con tit. mss., 6 cc.nn., 84,(8),882 pp.num. (manca ultima c.b.); 6 cc.nn., 899 pp.num.; ornati da testate, grandi capilettera e finali inc. su legno; molto belli il frontespizio figurato (entro elaborata cornice architettonica) e il ritratto dell'A., disegnati e inc. in rame da J. de Fornazeris, come pure la grande vignetta al frontesp. del secondo vol. Di pregevole fattura è la parte iconografica relativa ad alcune opere contenute nel 2° vol.; si tratta di 72 grandi vignette, inc. in rame, che illustrano: "De militia romana libri quinque - Analecta, sive observationes reliquae ad militiam et hosce libros - Poliorceticon sive de machinis, tormentis, telis libri quinque (vi figurano piante di città assediate, arieti, torri, ecc) - De vesta et vestalibus syntagma - De cruce (sui diversi sistemi di crocefissione) - Diva Virgo Hallensis", e con 2 grandi piante, a doppia pag., delle città di Lovanio e di Heverlea. Oltre alle inc. in rame, numerose sono le inc. su legno (sempre nel t.) per illustrare: "De militia romana - De amphitheatris quae extra Romam" e i giochi dei "Saturnalium sermonum". Bella edizione delle opere dell?'umanista fiammingo (1547-1606), tipico esponente dell?'età della Controriforma. Con uniformi arross. più o meno pesanti e aloni interc. nel t.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Malavasi sas]
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        Colutea Vesicaria, Pl. 12

      Eichstatt, 1613 Basil Besler?s (1561-1629) great botanical work, ?Hortus Eystettensis? is a landmark of botanical documentation and pre-Linnaean classification, as well as one of the most splendidly stylized and aesthetically powerful botanical works ever produced. This original hand-colored copperplate engraving, Colutea Vesicaria, Pl. 12, measures 20" x 16.5" and is in good condition with staining throughout and evidence of verso page text. Illustrated on this engraving are plants commonly known as Shrubby Lucerene, Bladder Sena and Spiked Broom. This engraving is expertly hand-colored in vibrant shades of green and yellow and has precise detailing of the flowers, leaves and stems.Basil Besler was an apothecary and botanist who managed the gardens of Bishop Johann Conrad in Eichstatt, Germany. The Bishop?s remarkable garden was one of the most extensive in Europe, containing a huge variety of European shrubs and flowering plants, as well as exotic specimens from Asia and the Americas. Besler used this encyclopedic resource as the basis for the ?Hortus Eystettensis?, in which he studied and depicted over a thousand flowers, representing 667 species in all. With the Bishop?s patronage, he worked both as artist and publisher, directing a team of ten artists and engravers in creating 367 plates over 16 years.Published one hundred and fifty years before Linnaeus created his thorough system of classification; Besler?s great florilegium represents an impressive early attempt to classify plants for the benefit of botanists, doctors and apothecaries. Each plant is given a distinct and often descriptive Latin title, and related species are grouped together on the same plate, or over a series of plates. Almost all specimens are shown complete and accurately colored, including delineations of their root systems.While Besler?s work is obviously motivated by a scientific impulse to document and describe a remarkable collection of species, the beautiful presentation and dramatic stylization of the illustrations also convey a sense of the visual grandeur of the Bishop?s great garden. Each specimen is placed on the page with an artist?s understanding of formal and spatial relations. Most notably, the stylized depiction of foliage and root systems betrays a lively baroque sensibility, as the plants seem to dance across the page. This illustration of various flowers is among the most dramatic and desirable of Besler?s illustrations.

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries]
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        "I. Verzweigter Affodil, II. Brand-Knabenkraut, III. Erdrauch." Kolorierter Kupferstich aus "Hortus Eystettensis" von B. Besler. Nürnberg 1613. Ca. 48:38 cm. - In Handarbeitsrahmung (77,5:65,5 cm).

      Nürnberg: Besler, 1613. Dekorative frühe Pflanzendarstellung aus dem berühmten Werk über die Pflanzen im Garten des Fürstbischofs von Eichstätt, vom Nürnberger Apotheker Basilius Besler herausgegeben..

      [Bookseller: Nürnberger Buch- und Kunstantiquariat]
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        Colutea Vesicaria, Pl. 12

      Eichstatt 1613 - Basil Besler’s (1561-1629) great botanical work, “Hortus Eystettensis” is a landmark of botanical documentation and pre-Linnaean classification, as well as one of the most splendidly stylized and aesthetically powerful botanical works ever produced. This original hand-colored copperplate engraving, Colutea Vesicaria, Pl. 12, measures 20" x 16.5" and is in good condition with staining throughout and evidence of verso page text. Illustrated on this engraving are plants commonly known as Shrubby Lucerene, Bladder Sena and Spiked Broom. This engraving is expertly hand-colored in vibrant shades of green and yellow and has precise detailing of the flowers, leaves and stems. Basil Besler was an apothecary and botanist who managed the gardens of Bishop Johann Conrad in Eichstatt, Germany. The Bishop’s remarkable garden was one of the most extensive in Europe, containing a huge variety of European shrubs and flowering plants, as well as exotic specimens from Asia and the Americas. Besler used this encyclopedic resource as the basis for the “Hortus Eystettensis”, in which he studied and depicted over a thousand flowers, representing 667 species in all. With the Bishop’s patronage, he worked both as artist and publisher, directing a team of ten artists and engravers in creating 367 plates over 16 years. Published one hundred and fifty years before Linnaeus created his thorough system of classification; Besler’s great florilegium represents an impressive early attempt to classify plants for the benefit of botanists, doctors and apothecaries. Each plant is given a distinct and often descriptive Latin title, and related species are grouped together on the same plate, or over a series of plates. Almost all specimens are shown complete and accurately colored, including delineations of their root systems. While Besler’s work is obviously motivated by a scientific impulse to document and describe a remarkable collection of species, the beautiful presentation and dramatic stylization of the illustrations also convey a sense of the visual grandeur of the Bishop’s great garden. Each specimen is placed on the page with an artist’s understanding of formal and spatial relations. Most notably, the stylized depiction of foliage and root systems betrays a lively baroque sensibility, as the plants seem to dance across the page. This illustration of various flowers is among the most dramatic and desirable of Besler’s illustrations.

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries San Francisco]
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        Leucoium purpureum variegatum flore pleno (Gillyflower)

      1613 - Basil Besler (1561-1629) From Hortus Eystettensis Eichstatt: 1613 Hand-colored copperplate engraving (later color) Sheet size: 22 1/2" x 17 1/2" Basil Besler’s great botanical work is a landmark of botanical documentation and pre-Linnaean classification, as well as one of the most splendidly stylized and aesthetically powerful botanical works ever produced. Besler was an apothecary and botanist who managed the gardens of Bishop Johann Conrad in Eichstatt, Germany. The Bishop’s remarkable garden was one of the most extensive in Europe, containing a huge variety of European shrubs and flowering plants, as well as exotic specimens from Asia and the Americas. Besler used this encyclopedic resource as the basis for the Hortus Eystettensis, in which he studied and depicted over a thousand flowers, representing 667 species in all. With the Bishop’s patronage, he worked both as artist and publisher, directing a team of ten artists and engravers in creating 367 plates over 16 years. Published one hundred and fifty years before Linnaeus created his thorough system of classification, Besler’s great florilegium represents an impressive early attempt to classify plants for the benefit of botanists, doctors and apothecaries. Each plant is given a distinct and often descriptive Latin title, and related species are grouped together on the same plate, or over a series of plates. Almost all specimens are shown complete and accurately colored, including delineations of their root systems. While Besler’s work is obviously motivated by a scientific impulse to document and describe a remarkable collection of species, the beautiful presentation and dramatic stylization of the illustrations also convey a sense of the visual grandeur of the Bishop’s great garden. Each specimen is placed on the page with an artist’s understanding of formal and spatial relations. Most notably, the stylized depiction of foliage and root systems betrays a lively baroque sensibility, as the plants seem to dance across the page. These illustrations of various flowers are among the most dramatic and desirable of Besler’s illustrations. Each is in excellent condition, and would represent wonderful additions to any collection of European botanical art.

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries San Francisco]
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        "I. Immergrüne Ochsenzunge, II. und III. Italienische Ochsenzunge." Kolorierter Kupferstich aus "Hortus Eystettensis" von B. Besler. Nürnberg 1613. Ca. 48:38 cm. - In Handarbeitsrahmung (75,5:63,5 cm).

      Nürnberg: Besler, 1613. Dekorative frühe Pflanzendarstellung aus dem berühmten Werk über die Pflanzen im Garten des Fürstbischofs von Eichstätt, vom Nürnberger Apotheker Basilius Besler herausgegeben..

      [Bookseller: Nürnberger Buch- und Kunstantiquariat]
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        Myagrum Hortense Monospermon

      Eichstatt 1613 - 22 1/2" x 17 3/4" BESLER, Basil [1561-1629]. "Myagrum Hortense Monospermon." A selection from "Hortus Eystettensis." Hand-colored copperplate engraving. Eichstatt, 1613. Approximate paper size 22 1/2 x 17 3/4 inches. Basil Besler's great botanical work is a landmark of botanical documentation and pre-Linnaean classification, as well as one of the most splendidly stylized and aesthetically powerful botanical works ever produced. Besler was an apothecary and botanist who managed the gardens of Bishop Johann Conrad in Eichstatt, Germany. The Bishop's remarkable garden was one of the most extensive in Europe, containing a huge variety of European shrubs and flowering plants, as well as exotic specimens from Asia and the Americas. Besler used this encyclopedicresource as the basis for the "Hortus Eystettensis," in which he studied and depicted over a thousand flowers, representing 667 species in all. With the Bishop's patronage, he worked both as artist and publisher, directing a team of ten artists and engravers in creating 374 plates over 16 years. Published one hundred and fifty years before Linnaeus created his thorough system of classification, Besler's great florilegium represents an impressive early attempt to classify plants for the benefit of botanists, doctors and apothecaries. Each plant is given a distinct and often descriptive Latin title, and related species are grouped together on the same plate, or over a series of plates. Almost all specimens are shown complete and accurately colored, including delineations of their root systems. While Besler's work is obviously motivated by a scientific impulse to document and describe a remarkable collection of species, the beautiful presentation and dramatic stylization of the illustrations also convey a sense of the visual grandeur of the Bishop's great garden. Each specimen is placed on the page with an artist's understanding of formal and spatial relations. Most notably, the stylized depiction of foliage and root systems betrays a lively baroque sensibility, as the plants seem to dance across the page.

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries - Houston]
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        Marrubium vulgare, Pl. 231

      Eichstatt 1613 - Basil Besler’s (1561-1629) great botanical work, “Hortus Eystettensis” is a landmark of botanical documentation and pre-Linnaean classification, as well as one of the most splendidly stylized and aesthetically powerful botanical works ever produced. This original hand-colored copperplate engraving, Ranunculus Marrubium vulgare, Pl. 231, measures 20.25" x 16.5" and is in good condition with staining and foxing throughout and light pencil mark in the lower margin. Illustrated on this engraving are flowering plants and herbs commonly known as Cretan horehound, White horehound and Costmary. This engraving is expertly hand-colored with the long full stalks and leaves in brown and green and the delicate flowers of these plants in white, purple and yellow. Precise lines define and detail each characteristic of these plants given them a naturalistic quality. Basil Besler was an apothecary and botanist who managed the gardens of Bishop Johann Conrad in Eichstatt, Germany. The Bishop’s remarkable garden was one of the most extensive in Europe, containing a huge variety of European shrubs and flowering plants, as well as exotic specimens from Asia and the Americas. Besler used this encyclopedic resource as the basis for the “Hortus Eystettensis”, in which he studied and depicted over a thousand flowers, representing 667 species in all. With the Bishop’s patronage, he worked both as artist and publisher, directing a team of ten artists and engravers in creating 367 plates over 16 years. Published one hundred and fifty years before Linnaeus created his thorough system of classification; Besler’s great florilegium represents an impressive early attempt to classify plants for the benefit of botanists, doctors and apothecaries. Each plant is given a distinct and often descriptive Latin title, and related species are grouped together on the same plate, or over a series of plates. Almost all specimens are shown complete and accurately colored, including delineations of their root systems. While Besler’s work is obviously motivated by a scientific impulse to document and describe a remarkable collection of species, the beautiful presentation and dramatic stylization of the illustrations also convey a sense of the visual grandeur of the Bishop’s great garden. Each specimen is placed on the page with an artist’s understanding of formal and spatial relations. Most notably, the stylized depiction of foliage and root systems betrays a lively baroque sensibility, as the plants seem to dance across the page. This illustration of various flowers is among the most dramatic and desirable of Besler’s illustrations.

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries San Francisco]
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        The Holy Bible Conteyning the Old Testament, and the New: Newly translated out of the Originall Tongues: and with the former Translations diligently compared and revised by his Maiesties speciall Commandment. Appointed to be read in Churches

      London: Imprinted at London by Robert Barker, Printer to the Kings most excellent Maiestie. Anno Dom. 1613. Folio, 388 x 243 x 70 mms., collating A ?" D4 A6 - 3Z6 4a6 - 4M6 4N4, 508 leaves, genealogies, with [2], 34 numbered pages, engraved title-page, printed in double columns in black letter and with 72 lines to the page compared to 52 for the 1611 printing, with the almanac printed in red and black, woodcut illustrations in the genealogies, marbled edges,bound in 19th century calf panelled in blind, with three borders enclosing a lozenge in blind, joints neatly restored, red morocco label, brass clasps; minor flaws in text as follows: title-page slightly crased and stained,small tear in lower margin of C6, small hole (10 mms.) in lower portion of 2S6 slightly affecting text, a similar hole in the next leaf, 2T1, very small hole (3 mms.) in 3A3, very small hole (2 mms.) in 3C5, large hole (52 x 10 mms.) in 3I3 (Apocrypha) with repair to margin, large hole (28 x 15 mms.) in 3L1, large stain on recto of 3Z1(290 x 30 mms. Maximum), very small (5 mms.) on 4A5, longish stain (170 x 45 mms.) on 4G1, longish hole (28 x 3 mms.) on 4G3, small hole (3 x 5 mms.) in 4H3, hole (25 x 4 mms.) in 4H4, last leaf mounted with repairs to margins, top margins closely trimmed with occasional loss of part of running headline, but mostly a fine copy with very clean, unflawed text, and with a presentation inscription bookplate on the front paste-down end-paper: "Hunc Librum/ Stefano Draconi Freer/ Honoris Causa/ Dono Dedit/ Claudius Aurelius Elliot/ Magister Information/ Etonae/ A. S. MCMXXXVIII." Stephen Drake Freer was presented with this volume as a school leaving present by the then well-regarded headmaster Sir Claudius Aurelius Elliott (1888 - 1973); Freer left Eton in July 1938 to matriculate at Trinity College Cambridge. Despite the presence of the bookplate, it seems rather improbable that this was a school-leaving prize, as even Eton schoolboys were not routinely given, in the late 1930s, such sumptuous prizes. I can only affirm that the bookplate was there when I acquired the volume, and it is not an act of sophistication on my part. The 1613 King James Bible is often described as "The 'She' Bible," or even "The Great 'She' Bible (for the 52 line version)," because of the misprint in Ruth 3: 15, "She went into the Citie." Also, in Matthew 26:36 Judah, rather than Jesus, is described as making his way towards Gethsemane. David Norton in his Textual History of the King James Bible (2004) notes that this 1613 printing introduces four readings that have become standard, but probably the most significant, non-textual feature, is the smaller size, and as Norton notes, "designed as a cheaper alternative for poorer churches." Gruber 9. Herbert 322. Additional images available on request.  Additional images available on request.

      [Bookseller: John Price Antiquarian Books]
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        L'ADAMO Sacra rappresentazione.

      Milano, ad instanza di Geronimo Bordoni, 1613. In-8 p. (mm. 216x161), p. pergam. antica (risg. rifatti), tit. oro su tassello al dorso, tagli rossi, 13 cc.nn., 177 pp.num., incluso il bel frontespizio inc. in rame che illustra il Paradiso Terrestre con le figure di Adamo ed Eva; testatine, grandi iniziali e finalini silografati ornano il testo. L?'opera, dedicata a Maria de' Medici, Reina di Francia, è magnificamente illustrata nel t. da 39 vignette a mezza pag. e 1 a piena pag., tutte incise da Cesare Bassano (firmate col suo monogramma), da disegni di Carlo Antonio Procaccini. "Les représentations ont pour sujets la tentation au Paradis, des démons et des anges, 2 figures pour la Mort; sur plusieurs il figure des personnages jouant des instruments de musique", cosi' Choix de Olschki,VII,10670 (che cita la II ediz. del 1617). "Manca" il ritratto dell?'A. Rara "edizione originale" di questo melodramma che è tra le opere più significative del teatro secentesco. Cfr. Cicognara,1423: "Fu stampato tutto il corpo dell'ediz. nel 1613. Fu poi (1617) variato il frontesp. e tolto dall'editore il ritratto dell'Autore che trovasi infatti negli esempl. con la data 1613" - Graesse,I,121: "Cette pièce en cinq actes et en vers libres, est melée de choeurs et de chants. On a prétendu que Milton, dans un de ses voyages en Italie l'avait vue représenter et y avait puisé son idée du ?'Paradis Perdu?'. La célébrité et la rareté de la pièce viennent de ce que les Anglais ont emporté la plupart des exemplaires dans leur patrie" - Brunet,I,269 - Piantanida,IV,4125: ?"Ricercata per le belle figure?". Frontesp. rifilato e restaur. per picc. manc., solo qualche lieve traccia d?'uso altrim. esemplare ben conservato. "Giovan Battista Andreini (1579-1654), fu attore nella compagnia dei Gelosi e poi in quella dei Fedeli, da lui diretta. Fu scrittore fecondo di poemetti in ottave, di tragedie, di pastorali e di commedie; tra le rappresentazioni sacre, grandiose e spettacolari, notevoli ?"Adamo?" (1613) e ?"Maddalena?" (1617)". Così Diz. Treccani,I, p. 428.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Malavasi sas]
 17.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        LA VISIONE. POEMA DI DANTE ALIGHIERI DIVISO IN INFERNO, PURGATORIO & PARADISO Di nuovo con ogni diligenza ristampato.

      Vicenza, ad instantia di Francesco Leni, 1613. In-24 p. (mm. 101x70), p. pergamena coeva, 608 pp.num., 16 cc.nn., titolo al frontesp. entro cornice decorata, testo in carattere corsivo. Dedica a Gio. Battista Minardi. Al fine: Tavola dei Capitoli e una Tavola degli argomenti sopra i Capitoli. Rarissima edizione, assai ricercata, nonostante le scorrettezze tipografiche, poichè rappresenta la prima delle sole tre edizioni della "Commedia" pubblicate nel Seicento, insieme a quelle stampate a Venezia e a Padova nel 1629. Si tratta di un numero di edizioni assai esiguo rispetto ai secoli precedenti, che denota una tendenza regressiva delle fortuna dell?'opera dantesca, destinata a perdurare fino agli inizi del XVIII secolo. In questa edizione, che segna il ritorno all?'essenzialità tipografica, essendo priva di commenti e illustrazioni, compare per la prima volta il titolo "Visione" in luogo di Divina Commedia, che vuole significare ?"il complesso delle cose da lui vedute nel mistico suo viaggio?" (Scartazzini, Enciclopedia Dantesca,II,2154). Cfr. De Batines,I, pp. 101-102: ?"A senso del de Romanis questo titolo di "Visione", dal Volpi giudicato fantastico, si addice al Poema di Dante forse meglio che quel di "Commedia"?" - Mambelli,53. Corto del margine super.; 1 c. (pp. 95/96) molto ben restaur. per angolo infer. mancante (incluse alcune lettere del testo, qui sapientemente trascritte a mano), altrimenti esemplare ben conservato.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Malavasi sas]
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        Datura Turcarum, Pl. 343

      Eichstatt 1613 - Basil Besler’s (1561-1629) great botanical work, “Hortus Eystettensis” is a landmark of botanical documentation and pre-Linnaean classification, as well as one of the most splendidly stylized and aesthetically powerful botanical works ever produced. This original hand-colored copperplate engraving, Datura Turcarum, Pl. 343, measures 20" x 16.5" and is in very good condition with light staining throughout and evidence of verso page text. Illustrated on this engraving are plants commonly known as Germander, Jimsonweed and Purple linaria. These plants are expertly hand-colored, filling the entire plate with their rich green stems and leaves and delicate purple flowers. Precise lines define and detail each part of these plants and shows the great differences between each. Basil Besler was an apothecary and botanist who managed the gardens of Bishop Johann Conrad in Eichstatt, Germany. The Bishop’s remarkable garden was one of the most extensive in Europe, containing a huge variety of European shrubs and flowering plants, as well as exotic specimens from Asia and the Americas. Besler used this encyclopedic resource as the basis for the “Hortus Eystettensis”, in which he studied and depicted over a thousand flowers, representing 667 species in all. With the Bishop’s patronage, he worked both as artist and publisher, directing a team of ten artists and engravers in creating 367 plates over 16 years. Published one hundred and fifty years before Linnaeus created his thorough system of classification; Besler’s great florilegium represents an impressive early attempt to classify plants for the benefit of botanists, doctors and apothecaries. Each plant is given a distinct and often descriptive Latin title, and related species are grouped together on the same plate, or over a series of plates. Almost all specimens are shown complete and accurately colored, including delineations of their root systems. While Besler’s work is obviously motivated by a scientific impulse to document and describe a remarkable collection of species, the beautiful presentation and dramatic stylization of the illustrations also convey a sense of the visual grandeur of the Bishop’s great garden. Each specimen is placed on the page with an artist’s understanding of formal and spatial relations. Most notably, the stylized depiction of foliage and root systems betrays a lively baroque sensibility, as the plants seem to dance across the page. This illustration of various flowers is among the most dramatic and desirable of Besler’s illustrations.

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries San Francisco]
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        Anagyris augustisfoliis [Laburnum (false ebony)]; Anagyris latisfolys [Alpine laburnum]

      Eichstatt, 1613. Hand-coloured engraving. In good condition with the exception of paper loss in the bottom left corner of sheet. Basil Besler published "Hortus Eystettensis", the earliest large folio botanical, at Eichstatt near Nuremburg, in 1613. He worked on the drawings for the 374 copper engravings over a period of sixteen years using the plants in the garden of Bishop Johann Conrad von Gemmingen, his patron. Depicted in this florilegium were flowers, herbs, vegetables and newly discovered plants such as tobacco and peppers. Besler was, in modern terms, a botanist and horticulturalist, and he was familiar with real and alleged medicinal properties of various plants. Besler had the good fortune to live at a time when exotic plants were being shipped to Europe from all over the world. The garden that he organized and illustrated for his patron was both ornamental and experimental, and the large book he had engraved after his drawings was unique. The prints, made by a team of master engravers, are strong and exquisitely done.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
 20.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Orobanche, Pl. 110

      Eichstatt, 1613 Basil Besler?s (1561-1629) great botanical work, ?Hortus Eystettensis? is a landmark of botanical documentation and pre-Linnaean classification, as well as one of the most splendidly stylized and aesthetically powerful botanical works ever produced.This original hand-colored copperplate engraving, Orobanche, Pl. 110, measures 22.25" x 17.5" and is in excellent condition with faint evidence of verso page text. Illustrated on this engraving are flowers commonly known as Branced bur reed, Broomrape, Water hemlock. Branched Bur Reed and Broomrape are both parasitic plants, relying on other plants for their nutrients and Water hemlock is a notoriously toxic plant. Expertly hand-colored, the stems of these flowers are rich shades of green with well detailed and naturalistic leaves. The flowers of these plants are colored in blue and white. Also illustrated, adding a scientific touch to the already aesthetically pleasing engraving are parts of the bulb and root systems of the plants. Precise lines define and detail the flowers, shading and highlighting them and giving dimension.Basil Besler was an apothecary and botanist who managed the gardens of Bishop Johann Conrad in Eichstatt, Germany . The Bishop?s remarkable garden was one of the most extensive in Europe, containing a huge variety of European shrubs and flowering plants, as well as exotic specimens from Asia and the Americas . Besler used this encyclopedic resource as the basis for the ?Hortus Eystettensis?, in which he studied and depicted over a thousand flowers, representing 667 species in all.With the Bishop?s patronage, he worked both as artist and publisher, directing a team of ten artists and engravers in creating 367 plates over 16 years. Published one hundred and fifty years before Linnaeus created his thorough system of classification; Besler?s great florilegium represents an impressive early attempt to classify plants for the benefit of botanists, doctors and apothecaries. Each plant is given a distinct and often descriptive Latin title, and related species are grouped together on the same plate, or over a series of plates.Almost all specimens are shown complete and accurately colored, including delineations of their root systems. While Besler?s work is obviously motivated by a scientific impulse to document and describe a remarkable collection of species, the beautiful presentation and dramatic stylization of the illustrations also convey a sense of the visual grandeur of the Bishop?s great garden.Each specimen is placed on the page with an artist?s understanding of formal and spatial relations. Most notably, the stylized depiction of foliage and root systems betrays a lively baroque sensibility, as the plants seem to dance across the page. This illustration of various flowers is among the most dramatic and desirable of Besler?s illustrations.

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries]
 21.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        An Exqvisite Commentarie vpon the Revelation of Saint Iohn. Vvherein, both the course of the whole Booke, as also the more abstruse and hard places thereof not heretofore opened, are now at last most cleerely and euidently explaned.

      London, W. Hall, for Francis Burton 1613. (28) 5-269 (16) p. Contemporary Leather, 4° (a small gap in page 6 of the dedication, about 3 words are lost. Lacks the final page with spelling mistakes. Patrick Forbes of Corse 1564-1635, was a Scottish churchman. In the year of his ordination Forbes published this Commentary on the Apocalypse, being the substance of lectures on that book which he had delivered at Corse.).

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat De Roo]
 22.   Check availability:     NVvA     Link/Print  


        Myagrum Hortense Monopermon, Pl. 269

      Eichstatt, 1613 Basil Besler?s (1561-1629) great botanical work, ?Hortus Eystettensis? is a landmark of botanical documentation and pre-Linnaean classification, as well as one of the most splendidly stylized and aesthetically powerful botanical works ever produced.This original hand-colored copperplate engraving, Myagrum Hortense Monopermon, Pl. 269, measures 20" x 16.5" and is in good condition with light staining and foxing throughout and evidence of verso page text. Illustrated on this engraving are plants commonly known as White Mustard and Myagrum. This engraving is expertly hand-colored with large the stems and leaves of the plants in rich shades of green and the delicate yellow and white flowers detailed on the ends. The positioning of these plants on the plate and their whimsical movements give them a multi-dimensional quality. Part of the root system is also illustrated and finely detailed.Basil Besler was an apothecary and botanist who managed the gardens of Bishop Johann Conrad in Eichstatt, Germany. The Bishop?s remarkable garden was one of the most extensive in Europe, containing a huge variety of European shrubs and flowering plants, as well as exotic specimens from Asia and the Americas. Besler used this encyclopedic resource as the basis for the ?Hortus Eystettensis?, in which he studied and depicted over a thousand flowers, representing 667 species in all.With the Bishop?s patronage, he worked both as artist and publisher, directing a team of ten artists and engravers in creating 367 plates over 16 years. Published one hundred and fifty years before Linnaeus created his thorough system of classification; Besler?s great florilegium represents an impressive early attempt to classify plants for the benefit of botanists, doctors and apothecaries.Each plant is given a distinct and often descriptive Latin title, and related species are grouped together on the same plate, or over a series of plates. Almost all specimens are shown complete and accurately colored, including delineations of their root systems. While Besler?s work is obviously motivated by a scientific impulse to document and describe a remarkable collection of species, the beautiful presentation and dramatic stylization of the illustrations also convey a sense of the visual grandeur of the Bishop?s great garden.Each specimen is placed on the page with an artist?s understanding of formal and spatial relations. Most notably, the stylized depiction of foliage and root systems betrays a lively baroque sensibility, as the plants seem to dance across the page. This illustration of various flowers is among the most dramatic and desirable of Besler?s illustrations.

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries]
 23.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        Lectvres upon the twelue Articles of our Christian Faith, Written for the comfort of the Godly, and instruction of the Simple, by John Baker. Whereunto is annexed a cleare Confession of our Christian Faith, contained in an hundred Articles, according to the order of the Creed of the Apostles, by John Hooper, Martyr, and sometimes Bishop of Glocester.

      London, Nicholas Okes, by the Assignment of Robert Barker, Printer to the Kings Majesty 1613. (16) 494 p. Rebound half Leather with ribbed back, 8° (page 285-288, 291/292 and 295-298 in facsimile, lacks page 495-end, which means that the work concerning the Twelve Articles is complete but the attached work from John Hooper which is mentioned on the titlepage is missing.).

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat De Roo]
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        Lexicon arabicum. Including : ERPENIUS, Thomas . Observationes in lexicon arabicum.Leiden, Franciscus II and Joost Raphelengius, 1613. 4o. Title-page with Plantin's "Labore et Constantia" woodcut device. With engraved portrait of the author. Set in Arabic and roman types. Modern boards.

      De Nave, Philologia Arabica, pp. 133-135; Smitskamp, Philologia Orientalis II, pp. 97-100; STCN (4 copies); Vrolijk & Van Leeuwen, Arabic studies in the Netherlands, p. 17. First and only edition of the first Arabic-Latin dictionary ever printed and the first sizable book in the Netherlands that was printed using Arabic types. The publication of this dictionary portrays the growing interest in Arabic in early 17th-century Europe; not just as an aide in Biblical exegesis, but as an important field of study in its own right. The growing importance of Dutch maritime commerce also stimulated the interest in Arabic as an important language in trading with large parts of the world. Therefore this book was printed in a size small enough for merchants and navigators to carry it with them. The compilation of the dictionary took Raphelengius thirty years during which he also had Arabic types cut to be able to print it.Numerous contemporary manuscript annotations (some slightly shaved). Title-page with large tear, repaired with tape, some water stains, browned throughout. An important landmark in the study of Arabic in Europe.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books (Since 1830)]
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        Fritillaria iuncifoliis [Fritillary with open flower]; Allium Ursinum [Ransoms]; Tulipa viridis coloris [Green tulip]

      Eichstatt, 1613. Hand-coloured engraving. Basil Besler published "Hortus Eystettensis", the earliest large folio botanical, at Eichstatt near Nuremburg, in 1613. He worked on the drawings for the 374 copper engravings over a period of sixteen years using the plants in the garden of Bishop Johann Conrad von Gemmingen, his patron. Depicted in this florilegium were flowers, herbs, vegetables and newly discovered plants such as tobacco and peppers. Besler was, in modern terms, a botanist and horticulturalist, and he was familiar with real and alleged medicinal properties of various plants. Besler had the good fortune to live at a time when exotic plants were being shipped to Europe from all over the world. The garden that he organized and illustrated for his patron was both ornamental and experimental, and the large book he had engraved after his drawings was unique. The prints, made by a team of master engravers, are strong and exquisitely done.

      [Bookseller: Donald Heald Rare Books]
 26.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        A SHORT TREATISE OF MAGNETICALL BODIES AND MOTIONS.

      London: Nicholas Okes, 1613. - [14]157,[1]pp. including engraved titlepage and twenty- one engravings in the text (one with two small maps showing New England, Virginia, and Terra Australis). Small quarto. Modern calf, leather label stamped in gilt. Contemporary ownership inscriptions of William Davenport on titlepage. Titlepage moderately worn and soiled, laid down on a backing sheet. Light worming on first two text leaves (affecting a few printed characters). 19th-century ownership inscription on leaf A3. Small portion of G2 torn away and repaired, affecting a few words which are present in facsimile; a few other small tears and repairs. Margins closely trimmed, affecting a few headlines. Lacking the volvelle on T1. Still a good copy. First edition, first issue of Ridley's work on magnetism, without the errata on the recto of X3 found in the second issue also published in 1613. Following William Gilbert's work DE MAGNETE, "here presented directions for a series of experiments on the lodestone, magnet, and terella which could be carried out by anyone interested in the subject. He added engravings and descriptions of his improvised instruments for determining the variation, and for making use of the inclinatory needle for finding position at sea. This was in accordance with the method published jointly by Edward Wright, Thomas Blundeville, and Henry Briggs" - Taylor. SABIN 71297. STC 21045. CRONE 127. TAYLOR, MATHEMATICAL PRACTITIONERS OF TUDOR & STUART ENGLAND 126. ADAMS & WATERS, ENGLISH MARITIME BOOKS 2976.

      [Bookseller: William Reese Company - Americana]
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        I. Mandragora foemina - II Chelidonum minus. Bezeichnung nach Linne: I. Mandragora Autumnalis ( Alraune ) und II Banungulus Ficaria ( Scharbockskraut ).

      . Kupferstich v. Besler aus Hortus Eystettensis, 1613, 46 x 39 (H). Tadelloses Blatt aus der 1. Ausgabe.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Nikolaus Struck]
 28.   Check availability:     ZVAB     Link/Print  


        I. "datura Turcarum" ( Weißer oder gemeiner Stechapfel ), II. "Poliumfolijs & facie Lavendulae" ( Gamander ). und III. "Linaria purpureo vislacea elatior" ( Purpurnes Leinkraut ).

      . kol. Kupferstich v. Besler, um 1613, 48,5 x 40,2 (H). Besler Tafel 343 - Mit ganz leichtem Plattenton. Verso ohne Text. - Schöner, kräftiger Druck der frühen Ausgabe.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Nikolaus Struck]
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        I Lupinus exoticus florte albo ( weiße Lupine ). II "Lupinus vulgaris flore albo" ( weiße Lupine ) und III. "Lotus Tera gonolobus Camerarij" ( Echte Spargelerbse ).

      . kol. Kupferstich v. Besler, um 1613, 48,5 x 40,2 (H). Besler Tafel 297. - Mit ganz leichtem Plattenton. Verso ohne Text. Mit Wasserzeichen. - Schöner, kräftiger Druck der frühen Ausgabe.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Nikolaus Struck]
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        Micro-palaeo phytologia formationis carboniferae. Iconographia et Dispositio Synoptica Plantularum microscopicarum omnium in venis Carbonis Formationis Carboniferae hucusque cognitarum. 2 Bde. in 1 Band. Erlangen, Krische und London, Quaritch 1884. Gr. 4°. VII, 79 S.; 2 Bl., 54 S., 1 Bl. mit 24 mont. Orig.- Mikrophotographien auf 2 Tafeln und zahlr. Darstellungen auf 107 vom Verfasser lithogr.Tafeln, mod. Lwd. mit aufgez. vorderen OUmschl.

      - Nissen, BBI 1613 - nicht in Poggendorff u. Heidtmann.- Einzige Ausgabe der frühen Publikationen mit Mikrophotographien.- Seltenes Dokument der Mikrostruktur von verschiedenen Kohlen und Gesteinen des Algologen u Paläontologen P. F. Reinsch (1836 -1914).- Die Mikrophotographien bez. mit "Dassler phot."- Einige Tafeln im Bug etwas wasserrandig, sonst gutes Exemplar.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Müller]
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        L'ARCADIA IN BRENTA overo la Malinconia sbandita di?.

      Recaldini 1613 in - 24, pp. 408, leg. p. perg. coeva con tit. mss al d. Stemma araldico dell'A. inc. in xilogr. al front. Testa. e iniziali xilogr. Rara ediz. orig. della raccolta di novelle sul modello boccaccesco del Decamerone, ambientate sulle rive del Brenta, opera del veneziano Giovanni Sagredo (1617 - 1682) che si cela sotto il nome arcadico. I protagonisti delle novelle dame e cavalieri veneziani si dilettano in novelle, giochi di carte, scherzi talvolta licenziosi, proverbi, indovinelli: opera molto piacevole e garbata. Melzi I, p. 451. Piantanida 3300. Lieviss. alone sulle prime 10 carte, legg. rifiliato al margine sup., per il resto bell'esempl. [156]

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Scriptorium]
 32.   Check availability:     maremagnum.com     Link/Print  


        Hortus Eystettensis, sive diligens et accurata omnium plantarum, florum, stirpium, et variis orbis terrae partibus, singulari studio collectarum, quae in celeberrimis viridariis Archem Episcopalem ibidem cingentibus, hoc tempore conspiciuntur, delineatio et ad vivum repraesentatio...

      [Nuremberg] 1613. Broadsheet (c. 57 x 47cm), with engraved title, engraved portrait with coat-of-arms of Besler, 4 engraved seasonal titles, and 367 engraved plates (one double); a few minor spots and some occasional faint marginal waterstains, a fine copy in seventeenth-century red morocco, gilt panels on sides, spines gilt with vellum labels, gilt edges. First edition of the most celebrated florilegium ever published. The Hortus Eystettensis is a magnificent pictorial record of the flowers growing in the greatest German garden of its time, that of Johann Konrad von Gemmingen, the Prince Bishop of Eichstätt. 'The importation of exotic species, the product of rapid colonial expansion and increased trade in the 16th century, enlarged the horticultural repertoire and fed a growing fashion for beautiful and exotic plants, confirmed by the appearance of printed florilegia at the beginning of the 17th century, of which the 'Hortus Eystettensis' is the outstanding example' (Watson and Raphael, 'The Camerarius florilegium')./'The garden of Eichstätt was started in 1596 by the Prince Bishop Johann Konrad von Gemmingen, who commissioned Camerarius to design and supervise its construction and planting. Upon Camerarius' death two years later in 1598, the work was carried on by his colleague the Nuremberg apothecary Basil Besler, who arranged to have the remainder of Camerarius' plants transferred to Eichstätt...Under [Besler's] direction the Prince Bishop's garden soon became the most famous in Germany, and in 1606 Besler began to produce a grand illustrated catalogue at the Bishop's expense. A team of ten artists and engravers, chief among whom was Wolfgang Kilian, drew the plants and carried out their engraving on copper, while Ludwig Jungermann (1572-1653), a botanist and Camerarius' nephew, wrote most of the descriptive text. The Hortus Eystettensis appeared in 1613, with 367 engraved plates, and was the most expensive, and most magnificent florilegium ever published, a fame it retains to this day' (idem)./The plates are arranged by seasons of the year, beginning with Spring. The four seasonal titles and 23 plates are signed by Johann Leypolt. The title and 6 plates are signed by Wolfgang Kilian, 7 plates by Servatius Raven, 6 each by Levin van Hulsen and Dominicus Custos (or Coster; the latter signed D.K.), 3 each by Robert Custos or Coster and Heinrich Ulrich, 2 each by Friedrich van Hulsen and 'G.H.' (possibly Georg Hortulanus), and 1 by Peter Isselburgh. The gardens, along with most of the town of Eichstätt, were destroyed by the invading Swedish troops under Herzog Bernhard von Weimar in 1633-4. The plates survived and were used for a reissue sometime around 1642, and again in 1713. /In 1998 almost all the plates, 329 in total, including the title copperplate have been discovered during the reorganisation of the storage of artefacts in Vienna's Albertina Graphic Collection.//Collation: I: engraved title, engraved portrait with Besler's coat-of-arms, 3 ll dedication, 1 l 'ad lectorem', 1 l Belgian and Dutch privilege (without the French privilege), 'Verna' engraved seasonal title, 144 ll with 134 engravings, 7 ll index; 'Aestiva' engraved seasonal title, and 199 ll with 184 engravings, 8 ll index; 'Autumnalis' engraved seasonal title, 46 ll with 42 engravings, 3 ll index; 'Hyberna' engraved seasonal title, 8 ll with 7 engravings, 1 leaf index. This is the issue with the text printed on the versos of the plates. It is on unwatermarked paper. The portrait of Besler is accompanied by his coat-of-arms, two engraved plates on one leaf in fact; the portrait is sometimes found without the coat-of-arms.//Nissen BBI, 158; Pritzel 745; Stafleu and Cowan TL2 497; see Nicolas Barker, 'Hortus Eystettensis' The bishop's Garden and Besler's magnificent book, for a detailed history.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat JUNK B.V. (Natural History]
 33.   Check availability:     NVvA     Link/Print  


        Portulaca Sativa, PL. 286

      Eichstatt 1613 - Basil Besler’s (1561-1629) great botanical work, “Hortus Eystettensis” is a landmark of botanical documentation and pre-Linnaean classification, as well as one of the most splendidly stylized and aesthetically powerful botanical works ever produced. This original hand-colored copperplate engraving, Portulaca Sativa, PL. 286, measures 21.25" x 16.75" and is in very good condition with staining throughout and evidence of verso page text. Illustrated on this engraving are plants commonly known as Winter Savory, Purslane and Garden Savory. This engraving is expertly hand-colored with leaves and stems in rich shades of green, with delicate blue and yellow flowers. Extremely well detailed, this engraving also shows the root systems of these flowers. Basil Besler was an apothecary and botanist who managed the gardens of Bishop Johann Conrad in Eichstatt, Germany. The Bishop’s remarkable garden was one of the most extensive in Europe, containing a huge variety of European shrubs and flowering plants, as well as exotic specimens from Asia and the Americas. Besler used this encyclopedic resource as the basis for the “Hortus Eystettensis”, in which he studied and depicted over a thousand flowers, representing 667 species in all. With the Bishop’s patronage, he worked both as artist and publisher, directing a team of ten artists and engravers in creating 367 plates over 16 years. Published one hundred and fifty years before Linnaeus created his thorough system of classification; Besler’s great florilegium represents an impressive early attempt to classify plants for the benefit of botanists, doctors and apothecaries. Each plant is given a distinct and often descriptive Latin title, and related species are grouped together on the same plate, or over a series of plates. Almost all specimens are shown complete and accurately colored, including delineations of their root systems. While Besler’s work is obviously motivated by a scientific impulse to document and describe a remarkable collection of species, the beautiful presentation and dramatic stylization of the illustrations also convey a sense of the visual grandeur of the Bishop’s great garden. Each specimen is placed on the page with an artist’s understanding of formal and spatial relations. Most notably, the stylized depiction of foliage and root systems betrays a lively baroque sensibility, as the plants seem to dance across the page. This illustration of various flowers is among the most dramatic and desirable of Besler’s illustrations.

      [Bookseller: Arader Galleries San Francisco]
 34.   Check availability:     AbeBooks     Link/Print  

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