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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1599

        THE BIBLE, that is, the holy Scriptures conteined in the Olde and Newe Testament, translated according to the Ebrew and Greeke, and conferred with the best translations in divers languages. With most profitable Annotations upon all the hard places

      London, printed by the Deputies of Christopher Barker, printer to the Queenes most excellent Maiestie, 1599. and other things of great importance. 1599. 4to, approximately 215 x 160 mm, 8½ x 6¼ inches, engraved pictorial general title page with title within heart shaped centre enclosed by block border with symbols of the twelve tribes in order of age to the left, the twelve apostles to the right and an evangelist at each inner corner, Matthew and Mark above, separated by a dove, and Luke and John below, separated by a lamb, general letterpress title with small woodcut of Crossing the Red Sea, dated 1599, divisional title page to Second Part of Old Testament, New Testament engraved title page with same border of tribes and apostles, dated 1599, maps and illustrations in the text of the Old Testament, plus 1 map in the New (The Printer to the Diligent Reader, with a map of the Holy Land to the verso), leaves numbered on rectos only: (4), 1-190, Genesis to Job; 1-127 Psalms to Malachi; (2), 3-121 New Testament; First and Second tables, dated 1599, Metrical Psalms (with title page but no imprint), followed by A Forme of Prayers and a Table for the number of Psalmes, pages (10), 93, (11). Bound in full mottled calf, expertly rebacked with original gilt ruled spine laid on, preserving gilt lettered morocco label, original endpapers. New leather visible at top and bottom of spine and hinges, neat small repairs to corners, couple of very small scrapes to covers, 2 small dark stains to first engraved title, 1 to margin, 1 to lower inner corner affecting edge of 1 image, occasional small stains to text and margins, not affecting legibility, mostly very clean, small closed tear to lower edge of 4th leaf of prelims, neatly repaired, on verso of 4th leaf the references to the Apocrypha and its books have been crossed through in old ink (Apocrypha not present ), very small chip to edge of 2 margins 1 with slight loss to sidenote, another to 1 lower corner with slight loss to sidenote, some upper margins trimmed, some fore-edges also, very close to sidenotes, all still legible, a little pale ink marking on 2 illustrations, a few pages very lightly age-browned, occasional very pale stain to lower half of pages, old scribble to blank margin of divisional title page, chapters of N. T. numbered in pale ink, inscription on blank opposite first page of Table and on blank verso of title to Metrical Psalms, a note at the end of the Table, note in margin of final page (Table) all in old ink, last page has paper repair to tear in lower margin, pale age-browning throughout and occasional pale brown spots and a few very pale stains. Binding tight and firm. A very good complete copy. Geneva version with Tomson's N. T. , but with Francis Junius' Revelation. There are many editions with the date 1599. Ours is probably the earliest as it "abounds more than any others in gross errors: Song of Solomon v. 3, defile for put; Isaiah xxx. 32, beards for harps; xxxvi. 12, thing for dung". There is no Apocrypha in this copy, "the section containing the Apocrypha, though included in the list of books, was apparently omitted from all except a few copies. These Bibles were printed probably for English use in the Low Countries ... Perhaps printed at Amsterdam about 1599". Darlow and Moule Volume I, page 115, No. 188; Herbert, page 116, No. 248; Carl Pforzheimer Library, English Literature 1475-1700, Volume 1, page 69, No. 60. our copy collates the sames as Pforzheimer. ¶4;A-Z8;&6; Aa-Qq8; lacks blank; Aaa-Qqq8;Rrr4. MORE IMAGES ATTACHED TO THIS LISTING, ALL ZOOMABLE, FURTHER IMAGES ON REQUEST. POSTAGE AT COST.

      [Bookseller: Roger Middleton P.B.F.A.]
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        Poliorceticon sive De machinis, tormentis, telis, libri quinque. Ad historiarum lucem. Editio altera, correcta & aucta, Antuerpiae, ex officina Plantiniana, apud Ioannem Moretum, 1599.

      1599 - In-4° menor.- 218 (5) p.- Marca grabada del impresor en la portada.- Capitales floreadas y culs-de-lamp.- 25 grabados en cobre a toda página (9 de los cuales dobles) y 10 a media página, atribuidos a THEODORE GALLE ú OTTO VAENIUS y 4 a GABRIUS BUSSCHIUS.- Encuadernación moderna en medio cuero con punteras; lomo de cinco nervios, títulos dorados.- Texto suavemente amarronado; pequeñas reparaciones marginales profesionales; márgenes ligeramente refilados. ADAMS, L798. COCKLE, 672. SPAULDING & KARPINSKY, Early military books, 57. BIBLIOTECA BELGICA, L 425. Segunda y definitiva edición de esta erudita historia del arte militar romano, aumentada con 10 nuevos grabados respecto de la original de 1596. Como parte de una vasta obra proyectada acerca de las antigüedades romanas, Lipsio produjo varios tratados parciales, entre ellos el presente, relativo a los métodos de defensa y ataque de las ciudades fortificadas. La bella serie de grabados que enriquecen la obra ilustra esos procedimientos con detalle y riqueza notables. La producción tan amplia como multifacética del flamenco Justo Lipsio lo señalan como uno de los más destacados humanistas del Renacimiento, padre del neoestoicismo, que tanta gravitación tuvo en el pensamiento europeo de finales del siglo XVI y del XVII. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Victor Aizenman (SLAM / ILAB)]
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        [Old Master Print] Old woman with spectacles combing the hair of a young girl. Etching by Jan Miele (ca. 1599-1663).

      Etching, 14,5 x 21,5 cm. Fine impression.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariaat A.G. VAN DER STEUR]
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        Historia de' fatti, e guerre de' sanesi, cosi esterne, come ciuili. Seguite dall'origine della lor città, fino all'anno 1555. Dell' historia die Siena la prima, seconda, terza parte. 3 in 1 volume.

      Venezia, per Salvestro Marchetti libraro in Siena, 1599. - 4°, circa 22,5 x 17,5 cm. 12, 68 num. ff.; 14, 198 num. ff.; 14, 166 num. ff., with 4 large portraits, 4 printer s devices, some initials and woodcut ornaments Half-vellum around 1900 wih red label to spine Adams M 281; Edit 16, CNCE 28600; BMC, Italian 406. First edition of all three extant books of this large history of Siena written by the patrician and town representative Orlando Malavolti (1515-1596) who died before he could finish his work. The first book had come out separately in 1574. The present copy does have the first 4 leaves with an extra title and a dedication that seem to lack in many other copies (here there are altogether 4+8=12 leaves instead of only 8). Malavolti prepared also a map of the town and its surroundings that does though circulate independtly from the book. All three parts and the first four leaves with the dedication have a woodcut portrait of Malavolti in a nice border. - All three titels with a small old armorial stamp, last endpaper with two older stamps of a freemason s lodge and a crowned eagle, only little browning or spotting, mostly crisp, just slightly rubbed, else fine. [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Thomas Rezek]
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        Apophthegmatvm Ex Optimis Vtrivsqve Lingvae Scriptoribvs. Per Conradvm Lycosthenem Rubeaquensem collectorum, Loci Communes denuo aucti recogniti. Ad ordinem alphabeticum redacti.

      8. Titelbl., 11 nn. Bll., 1130 S., 11 nn. Bll., mit Druckermarke am Titelblatt u. Initialen. Lederband d. Zeit, Rücken mit Streicheisenlinien und goldgeprägten Lilienmotiven, Einbanddeckel mit Rahmen aus goldgeprägten Zierlinien, sow. je e. goldgeprägtem Efeukranz in der Mitte, Ecken u. Kanten u. kapitale fachgercht restauriert / unterlegt, Vorsätze erneuert, Seiten leicht gebräunt, Titelblatt u. Vorsatz etwas fleckig, Seiten teilw. wasserrandig, sonst wenig fleckig. Mit verblasstem Rundstempel u. alten handschriftlichen Anmerkungen am Titel- (1599) und am ersten Blatt avers, sow. einem handschriftlichen Namenszug am vorderen fliegenden Vorsatzblatt verso (J. Kergariou), einzelne Absätze mit Tinte unkenntlich gemacht. Graesse 4,310. NUC 347,128. Vgl. BM French Books 293. BBKL 33,793ff. ADB 44,33 ? Sammlung von Apophthegmata, zusammengestellt von Conrad Lykosthenes (d.i. Wolffhart 1518-1561), aus dem Elsass stammenden und ab 1542 in Basel wirkenden Humanisten, Universalgelehrten und bedeutender Enzyklopädisten, erschien, nach der Erstausgabe 1555, noch in etlichen weiteren Auflagen. Vorl. eine seltene, nur in wenigen Bibliothekskatalogen nachzuweisende, Lyoner Ausgabe dieser Kollektion von Sinn- und Denksprüchen, Sprichwörtern und Aphorismen. Bei BM French Books nur eine Ausgabe Lyon 1574.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Löcker]
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        The Bible, That is the Holy Scriptures Conteined in the Olde and Newe Testaments... [bound with] Book of Psalmes

      (1) London: Imprinted... by the Deputies of Christopher Barker; (2) [Likely London: Printed for the Company of Stationers, 1630s, 1599. 4to. (6), (110), 190, 127, 121, (11) ff; (10), 91 [misnumbered 93] pp, bound without the general engraved title and wanting 10 pages of prayers at the rear. 18th century panelled calf, spine with raised bands, gilt lettered red label, early 19th inscriptions to the blank verso of the final leaf of the Old Testament, occasional older marginalia elsewhere. Joints neatly repaired and the endpapers replaced, most likely in the 20th century, two adjacent leaves of Psalmes at the front with loss to the text, one leaf (Ee5) with loss of text to the lower corner, another (Fff5) with loss of text to the upper and lower edges plus roughly a dozen leaves at intervals with smaller losses occasionally with slight loss of text. Herbert, 253. An edition of the Bible that was republished repeatedly in the early decades of the 17th century, with subtle differences to each issue but without amendment to the imprint or date. This copy is bound with 110 pages of a contemporary Book of Common Prayer including the Psalms, textually complete but for title page making it impossible to identify the edition. The separate edition of the Psalmes bound in at the rear bears no imprint on its title page, but otherwise conforms to other 1630s editions of the work that we have seen.

      [Bookseller: Bow Windows Bookshop]
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        Historia particular de la persecución de Inglaterra, y de los martirios mas insignes que en ella ha avido, desde el año del Señor 1570. En la qual se descubren los efectos lastimosos de la heregía, y las mudanças que suele causar en las Repúblicas: con muchas cosas curiosas, y no publicadas hasta aora, sacadas de Autores graves.

      - Madrid, Luis Sánchez, 1599, 21 x 15 cm., plena piel de época, filetes en seco rematados con florones dorados en las esquinas, panel central con dos leones y medallon, pequeño sello de duplicado de la Biblioteca de Estrasburgo a la vuelta de la portada, 8 hojas + 894 págs. + 12 hojas. Error de paginación, de la 272 pasa a la 277, de la 389 a la 400, de la 575 a la 578, de la 672 a la 677 y de la 792 a la 803. (Algunos leves desgarros en la encuadernación. Yepes era confesor de Felipe II y de Santa Teresa de Jesús; como obispo de Tarazona tuvo que intervenir en la expulsión de los moriscos. Describe los disgustos sufridos por católicos ingleses al separarse Enrique VIII de la Iglesia de Roma. "Obra muy estimada en Inglaterra. Refiere la introducción y sucesivo establecimiento de la reforma anglicana en aquel país y las persecuciones sufridas por los católicos, con la biografía de más de un centenar víctimas de sus creencias" Palau). INGLATERRA

      [Bookseller: Librería Anticuaria Antonio Mateos]
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        De Indulgentiis et Iubileo. Accedunt et alia eiusdem Authoris aliquot opuscula, quorum Catalogum uersa pagina exhibet.

      Köln, apud Antonium Hierat sub Monocerote, 1599. Libri duo. Erstausgabe. III Blätter, 373 Seiten, I Blatt. Klein 8°. Pergamenteinband der Zeit. Gesamter Text auf dem Titelblatt: \"Reuerendi Patris Roberti Bellarmini Politiani, e societate Iesu, De Indulgentiis, et Iubileo. Libri duo. Accedunt et alia eiusdem Authoris aliquot opuscula, quorum Catalogum uersa pagina exhibet. Omnia nunc primum in lucem edita. Ad Illustrissimum et Reuerendissimum Dominum, D. Iulium, Die gratia Episcopum Herbipolensem, et Franciae Orientalis Ducem, etc. Permissu Superiorum. Coloniae, apud Antonium Hierat, sub Monocerote. Anno MDXCIX. Cum gratia et priuilegio S. Caesar. Maiest. speciali.\" Übersetzung: \"Des ehrwürdigen Bischoffs Robert Bellarmin Politian, aus der Gesellschaft Jesu, zwei Bücher Über den Ablass und den Jubiläum. Es kommen außerdem hinzu einige weitere kleine Werke desselben Autors, dessen Aufzählung auf der Rückseite dieses Blattes aufgeführt ist. Alldies nun erstmals veröffentlicht. Dem äußerst bekannten und ehrwürdigen Herrn, D. Julius, durch Gottes Einsicht Bischoff von Würzburg und Fürst des Westfrankenreichs, etc. Mit Erlaubnis der Obrigen. Köln, bei Anton Hierat, unter dem Einhorn, im Jahr 1599. Mit besonderer Befugnis und Privileg des Heiligen Kaisers, seiner Majestät.\" Die Erwähnung des Einhorns nach dem Namen des Verlegers ist eine Anspielung auf das Verlagssignet von Gymnich, dessen Geschäft Hierat kurz zuvor übernommen hatte. Das Signet auf dem Titelblatt ist allerdings nicht mehr vorhanden (sauber ausgeschnitten). Man kann aber davon ausgehen, dass es sich um dasselbe Signet handelt, das auch auf dem Titelblatt der Sermones von Palude erscheint (Bestellnummer: 31561), und das womöglich eine Anspielung auf das Emblem des Jesuitenordens ist. Das Titelblatt weist außerdem noch Einträge in alter Hand auf, sowie einen groberen Tintenstrich, der über das Loch des nicht vorhandenen Signets auch das nächste Blatt zum Teil erreicht. Die Widmung an den Bischoff von Würzburg wurde von dem venezianischem Typographen Giovanni Battista Ciotti verfasst. Die Aufzählung der kleineren Werke lautet wie folgt: \"Appendix ad libros de summo Pontifice, continens refutationem cuiusdam libelli Italici, cuius titulus est, Aviso piacevole dato alla bella Italia. Appendix ad Libros de Cultu imaginum complectens refutationem cuiusdam libelli editi Francforti, cuius titulus est, Synodus Parisiensis, de Imagin. De excemptione Clericorum, Liber Vnus. Iudicium de libro Concordie Lutheranorum, una cum breui eiusdem libelli Apologia, eiusdem Roberti Bellarmini\". Es handelt sich um weitere polemische Kleinschriften gegen Werke der Reformation oder Kommentare zur Gegenreformation. Das Buch beinhaltet einen Index von beiden Büchern mit der Kapitelangabe. Robert Bellarmin verfasste zahlreiche Werke gegen die Reform (apud haereticos…) sowie, unter anderen, einen Katechismus. Er war Mitglied des Jesuitenprdens und wurde zeitgleich mit der Veröffentlichung dieses Werkes zum Bischoff und Kardinal in Rom ernannt. Als Inquisitor leitete er die Prozesse gegen Giordano Bruno, der zum Scheiterhaufen verurteilt wurde, und gegen Galileo Galilei, der seine Theorien zurückzog. Vorderer Vorsatz leicht losgelöst. Mit Eintrag in alter Hand auf dem hinteren Vorsatz: \"Aue Maria, gratia plena, Dominus tecum.\" Am Rücken sind zwei Bünde zu erkennen. Der Einband weist noch die Ansätze von einfachen Schließen auf, eine Schließe ist nur zum Teil noch erhalten. Mit rot gefärbten Ganzschnitt. Siehe Foto. Versand D: 5,90 EUR

      [Bookseller: BerlinAntiquariat]
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        Milicia y descripción de las Indias por el Capitan... dirigido al licen- ciado Paulo de Laguna Presidente del Consejo Real de las Indias

      First edition; excessively rare Americana. The Milicia is by all accounts a primary source book for the history of the colonization and pacification of South American Indians in the 16th century. It is the earliest guerrilla manual and amongst the first works on the military organization in South America, aimed to conquer and pacify the tribes opposing the Spanish settlements in the New World. Vargas Machuca´s efforts in Spanish America were focused in New Granada (Colombia), Peru and Chile; in Chile he presented a project to pacify the rebellious Araucanians, and resisted the Council for the Indies in their intention of de-populating the region. Vargas Machuca (1557 - 1622) was a Spanish military and colonial officer; he spent over two decades in South America, which allowed him the working knowledge necessary for the confection of his treatise. The work is a comprehensive manual of how to conduct warfare in the New World, with notes on the medicines and prevention of diseases for the military, a description of the "Indias Occidentales" dealing with the geography and hydrographical reality of the region, fauna and flora. Unfortunately, history would judge and criticize Vargas Machuca for his ruthless position towards the natives. "The first manual of guerrilla warfare ever published... he advocated for the Americas the creation of commando groups to carry out search and destroy missions deep within enemy territory for up to two years at a time" (Parker). The illustration comprises an armillary sphere on verso of ff. 180, and a portrait of Vargas Machuca holding a compass over a map of the Americas -often missing. As aforementioned, an excessively rare work, no copies have appeared at auction since 1967 -with one exception, an incomplete copy missing the portrait and colophon, in 2008. Included in the Coleccion de Libros Raros y curiosos que tratan de America. Maggs offered a copy in 1928 for 250 GBP. Provenance: bound for Don Luis de Benavides Carrillo de Toledo, Marques de Caracena (1608 - 1668); a Spanish military officer and nobleman, he rose to become Governor of Milan (1648 - 1656) and Governor of the Spanish Low Countries (1659 - 1664). Medina, BHA, 402. Palau, 352445. Sabin, 98604. Salva, 3825. Leclerc, 2979. Maggs, Bibliotheca Americana 496, 407.

      [Bookseller: HS Rare Books]
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        Les roses.Antwerp, De Schutter, 1974-1978. 4 volumes. Large folio (55 x 36 cm). A complete facsimile of the first edition (Paris, Firmin Didot, 1817-1824) with additions from the third edition, portraits, and extensive new material including commentaries, biographies and bibliographies, and an English summary of Thory's text. With 179 colour plates. Finely bound in red half morocco.

      Cf. GFB, p. 71; Jammes, Les Didot 102; Nissen, BBI 1599; Stafleu & Cowan 8748 (orig. ed.). A complete facsimile reprint of the first edition (1817-1824) of Pierre Joseph Redouté's great work on roses, reproducing his famous flower paintings and the original text written by Claude Antoine Thory. The first three volumes contain the facsimile and volume 4 contains an English summary of Thory's text, additional descriptions of roses by Pirolle and additional plates from the third edition of 1828-1830, and portraits of Redouté (1759-1840) and Thory (1759-1827) by Godefroid and Mauraisse, as well as much new material: a foreword by George Taylor, introduction and bibliography by G.D. Rowley, biographies and bibliographies of Redouté and Thory by André Lawalrée, a commentary on the roses mentioned, with full synonymy and critical analyses by Gisèle de la Roche, an article on botanical Rosarians by William T. Stearn and a short index with modern names.This reprint is limited to 510 copies. The copy reproduced bears Redouté's signed inscription calling it "un des premier tirage et des plus bonn." Fine copy of an important facsimile that deserves a place in the collection of all rose lovers, even those lucky few who own the original.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books (Since 1830)]
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        Karte de Kantons Zürich aus dem Jahr 1667 in 56 Blättern von Hans Conrad Gyger..

      Begleitheft 27 S., etliche Abb. Begleittext 43 S., zahlr. Abb. 1 Übersichtsraste, 49 Blätter je ca. 30 x 30 cm, 7 Randblätter je ca. 30 x 8 cm, Lose Blätter in Holzkassette (36 x 36 x 6 cm)., Kassette min. berieben. Titeletikette a. Schmalseite. Innen tadellos. Faksimiliert nach dem Original im Zürcher Staatsarchiv. Mit 56 Teilkarten und 7 kleineren. Nr. 794 von 800 Exemplaren. Wunderbare farbige Karte, mit grosser Liebe zum Detail gemalt. Hans Conrad Gyger (1599 - 1674), Malermeister, Geometer u. Kartenzeichner in Zürich. Begleitheft von Eduard Imhof. Ausserdem ein Begleittext von Arthur Dürst, Hans Conrad Gygers grosse Landtafel des Zürcher Gebiets von 1664/1667, mit zahlreichen historischen Notizen und einem 4-seitigen, gefalzten faksimilierten Schreiben von Gyger.

      [Bookseller: antiquariat peter petrej]
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        Oldenburgisch Chronicon. Das ist, Beschreibung Der Löblichen Uhralten Grafen zu Oldenburg und Delmenhorst, etc.

      Von welchen die jetzige Könige zu Dennemarck und Hertzogen zu Holstein entsprossen Sampt Ihres Stammens ersten Ankunfft, Thaten, Regierung, Leben und Ende, mit künstlichen Brustbildern und Wapen gezieret, auffs aller fleissigste zusammen getragen. Oldenburg: Warner Berendts Erben 1599. With engraved titlepage, engraved full page portrait of the author, double page engraved bird-eye-view of Oldenburg and 3 genealogical tables. Together with 60 woodcuts and 63 textual engravings, among which is found the oldest known view of Copenhagen showing the siege of the city in 1536, and a full-page engraving showing the famous "Oldenburgische Horn" now among the greatest treasures in the Royal collections at Rosenborg Castle, Copenhagen. Among the many portraits is also found a contemporary portrait of the young King Christian the 4th and the earlier Danish Kings and Queens descending from Oldenburg. Folio. [84] + [2] + 494 + [16] pp. A few leaves nicely restored in margin, otherwise a very fine and well-preserved copy bound in contemporary full vellum with handwritten title on spine. Celebrated and beautiful, profusely illustrated book and important source to the history of the Northwestern parts of Germany and Denmark. The first book printed in Oldenburg.Hermann Hamelmann [1526 - 1595] was a German Lutheran theologian and the reformer of Westphalia.Adams H-30. Brunet 26691. Graesse III,203. Lipperheide Da 10. BMC-German 381.

      [Bookseller: Peter Grosells Antikvariat]
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        Les Ans ou Reports del raigne du Roye Edward le quart, nouelment reuieu et corriggee en diuers lieux. Ouesque un Table perfect des choses [and] les cases icy referres al Abridgement de Brooke, & as auters Lieurs del common Ley [etc.]. S.T.C. 9769; Beale R372

      Londini: In aedibus Thomae Wight & Bonhami Norton, 1599. Contemporary calf, rebacked, the original spine laid down, centered blind lozenges, one leaf repaired (no loss); a very good clean copy The first collected edition, and the only sixteenth century edition, rich in cases, with reports (separately paginated) for each of the reign's twenty-two years [1461-1483], save for the fifth year, for which the Long Quinto survives

      [Bookseller: Meyer Boswell Books, Inc.]
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        Genuine 1599 or 'Breeches' Bible

      - Real 1599's have a square shaped woodcut title page but reprints that were printed as late as 1630's have a "heart shaped" title page and a fake date of 1599. This genuine 1599 with the square is the last Geneva bible that was actually printed in London. This is the bible that the pilgrim's brought over on the Mayflower. The Bible of the Puritans. "The Bible, translated according to the Ebrew and Greeke." Imprinted at London by the Deputies of Christopher E. Barker. Quarto measuring at 8.75" x 6". Original calf leather binding with Gothic black letter print. Containing the old and new testaments with the apocrypha and bound with two proper concordances. Binding tight, missing several pages of text. Both title pages are present. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Cross and Crown Rare Books]
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        Relatione della Gloriosa Morte di Ventisei Posti in Croce per Comandamento del Re di Giappone, alli 5. di Febraio 1597. de' quali sei Furono Religiosi di S. Francesco, tre della Compagnia di Giesù, & Dicisette Christiani Giapponesi, Mandata dal P. Luigi Frois alli 15. di Marzo al R.P. Claudio Acquauiua . e Fatta in iIaliano dal P. Gasparo Spitilli di Campli

      Her[itiers] di Gio[vanni] Rossi, Bologna 1599 - Second edition, first Bologna edition. Woodcut IHS device on title-page, decorative initials and woodcut illustration of crucifix. 119, [1] pp. Collation: A-G^8 H^4. 8vo. The Twenty-Six Martyrs of Japan. A rare work by the Portuguese Jesuit Luis Froes, addressed to the general of the order Claudio Acquaviva and relating the execution of 26 Christians in Japan on February 5, 1597. The so-called Twenty-Six Martyrs of Japan - six Franciscan missionaries, seventeen Japanese neophytes and three Japanese Jesuits - were crucified in Nagasaki on the orders of Hideyoshi Toyotomi. The bodies were left hanging for months outside the busy harbor to serve as a warning to other converts and missionaries. The grim spectacle became a common motif in Japanese textiles during the following decade.Persecution of Catholics resumed again in 1613 and culminated in 1640 with the destruction of the mission. The 26 Martyrs were canonized in 1862 and a museum and monument to the martyrs was erected in Nagasaki in 1962.Froes (1548-1597) arrived in Kyoto in 1565 following a decade spent in Goa and South East Asia. He remained in Japan until his death, working as a missionary and translator, and writing his History of Japan (not published until 1926) and a series of detailed letters on Japan and the state of the mission.This is the second edition; the work was published three times in 1599, first in Rome, followed by this Bologna printing, and again in Milan. A French translation was published in Rouen in 1600. Cordier 204n; Pagès 80; Howgego F82; James Ford Bell F1177 (Rome edition); EDIT16 CNCE 42948 (5 copeis); Alt-Japan-Katalog 547 Later drab paper over flexible boards. Light toning and foxing to first few leaves, small wormholes at lower margin throughout, a few holes filled in, paper repair at margin of B2, natural flaw to lower corner of H1. In a custom black morocco-backed slipcase and chemise Woodcut IHS device on title-page, decorative initials and woodcut illustration of crucifix. 119, [1] pp. Collation: A-G^8 H^4. 8vo [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: James Cummins Bookseller, ABAA]
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        A finely illustrated & written scroll measuring 205 x 5025 mm., entitled on box "Shokunin emaki. Ryuho Hinaya [Nonoguchi]" ["Picture Scroll of Artisans. Ryuho Hinaya [Nonoguchi]"]. The scroll is written & illustrated with 23 finely drawn & hand-colored illustrations of trades on paper flecked with gold on the back side & with a gold-flecked paper border on verso surrounding the text & illus

      Japan: early Edo. In the late 9th century, a new kind of poetry competition was developed in Japan: the utaawase. Themes were determined and a poet chosen from each team wrote a waka (a poem) for each given theme. The host appointed a judge for each theme and gave points to the winning team. The team which received the largest number of points was the winner. At first, utaawase was simply a playful entertainment, but as the poetic tradition deepened and developed, it turned into a serious aesthetic contest, with considerably more formality. By the end of the 13th century, "a new genre of hand scroll emerged in which working people became the central focus. Known as shokunin uta awase e, or poetry contests among people from various occupations, these scrolls normally pair one representative each of two similar types of profession; a poem or two on a preestablished theme is inscribed beside each; and a judgement is recorded as to which poem is superior."-Barbara Ruch, "The Other Side of Culture in Medieval Japan" in Cambridge History of Japan, Vol. 3, pp. 512-13. The tradition continued well into the 19th century. Ryuho Hinaya (1599-1669), whose original surname was Nonoguchi, was a painter, poet, and calligrapher. A pupil of Tan'yu Kano and Sotatsu Tawaraya, he was particularly interested in illustrating haiku and he deeply influenced Matsuo Basho. The calligraphically written poems and the accompanying 23 colored illustrations of trades are probably copied from an earlier scroll by Hinaya himself. The following trades are depicted: "busshi," a sculptor of wooden religious statues and objects paired with "kyoji," a framer of sliding doors, scrolls, and books; "kaji," a blacksmith paired with "bansho," a carpenter; "hamaro," a toothpick maker paired with "juzushi," a maker of Buddhist rosary amulets; "katsurame," a female fishmonger paired with "oharame," a woman who sells kindling wood; "katanamaro," a swordsmith paired with a "orimonoshi," a textile worker; "miko," a nun who works at a shrine paired with "mekura," a blind musician; "onka," a seller of warm sweets paired with "kabenuri," a plasterer; "konkaki," a female indigo dyer paired with "kojiuri," a woman seller of koji culture; "nurishi," a lacquerware maker paired with "hinokimonoshi," a furniture maker using cedarwood; "mushiro," a maker of mats; "tobakuuchi," a gambler paired with "funabito," a boat rower; "sumi," a charcoal briquet carrier; and "shonin," a merchant paired with "shioyaki," a salt maker. The competing poems are written in a very fine calligraphic hand. The layout of the poems in extremely complex and sophisticated. In excellent condition. There are a few minor and carefully executed repairs. ❧ Chibbett, The History of Japanese Printing and Book Illustration, pp. 125-28.

      [Bookseller: Jonathan A. Hill, Bookseller, Inc.]
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        Oldenburgisch Chronicon. Das ist, Beschreibung Der Löblichen Uhralten Grafen zu Oldenburg und Delmenhorst, etc.

      1599 1599 - Von welchen die jetzige Könige zu Dennemarck und Hertzogen zu Holstein entsprossen Sampt Ihres Stammens ersten Ankunfft, Thaten, Regierung, Leben und Ende, mit künstlichen Brustbildern und Wapen gezieret, auffs aller fleissigste zusammen getragen. Oldenburg: Warner Berendts Erben 1599. With engraved titlepage, engraved full page portrait of the author, double page engraved bird-eye-view of Oldenburg and 3 genealogical tables. Together with 60 woodcuts and 63 textual engravings, among which is found the oldest known view of Copenhagen showing the siege of the city in 1536, and a full-page engraving showing the famous "Oldenburgische Horn" now among the greatest treasures in the Royal collections at Rosenborg Castle, Copenhagen. Among the many portraits is also found a contemporary portrait of the young King Christian the 4th and the earlier Danish Kings and Queens descending from Oldenburg. Folio. [84] + [2] + 494 + [16] pp. A few leaves nicely restored in margin, otherwise a very fine and well-preserved copy bound in contemporary full vellum with handwritten title on spine. * Celebrated and beautiful, profusely illustrated book and important source to the history of the Northwestern parts of Germany and Denmark. The first book printed in Oldenburg.Hermann Hamelmann [1526 - 1595] was a German Lutheran theologian and the reformer of Westphalia.Adams H-30. Brunet 26691. Graesse III,203. Lipperheide Da 10. BMC-German 381.

      [Bookseller: Peter Grosell, Antiquarian Bookseller]
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      1599 - Bulino, 1599, firmato in lastra in basso. Della serie Le età dell’uomo, da disegni dello stesso artista. Magnifica prova, impresse su carta vergata coeva, con sottili margini, in ottimo stato di conservazione. Engraving, 1599, signed in plate below. Series The ages of man, from drawings by Marten de Vos. Magnificent proof, printed on contemporary laid paper, with thin margins, in excellent condition. : Hollstein 496; Franken 1095. Dimensioni 149x220. Dimensioni [Attributes: Signed Copy; Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquarius]
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        Paesaggio marino con pescatori

      1599 - Bulino, circa 1599, firmato in basso al centro. Da un soggetto di Jan Brueghel. Stato unico. Bellissima prova, impressa su carta vergata coeva priva di filigrana, sottili margini, leggere abrasioni all’angolo inferiore destro, nel complesso in buono stato di conservazione. Bibliografia: Hollstein 216. Dimensioni 280x219. Engraving, 1599 approx, signed on lower left. After a subject by Jan Brueghel. Sole state. Magnificent work, printed on contemporary laid paper without watermark, thin margins, small abrasions on lower right corner, in general in good condition. Bibliography: Hollstein 216. Dimensioni 280 219mm [Attributes: Signed Copy]

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquarius]
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        Paesaggio di montagna con città sullo sfondo

      1599 - Bulino, circa 1599, firmato in basso al centro. Da un soggetto di Peter Stevens. Stato unico. Bellissima prova, impressa su carta vergata coeva priva di filigrana, sottili margini, leggere abrasioni all’angolo inferiore destro, nel complesso in buono stato di conservazione. Bibliografia: Hollstein 585. Dimensioni 269x215. Engraving, 1599 approx, signed on lower centre. After a subject by Peter Stevens. Sole state. Magnificent work, printed on contemporary laid paper without watermark, thin margins, small abrasions on lower right corner, in general in good condition. Bibliography: Hollstein 585. Dimensioni 269 215mm [Attributes: Signed Copy]

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquarius]
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        Kupferstich- Karte, b. J. T. de Bry, "Tabula Geographica nova omnium oculis exibens et proponens verissimam descriptionem potentissimi et auriferi Regni Guiana Sub linea aequinoctiali inter Brasiliam et peru Siti / per nautam aliquem qui Gualthero Ralegh, navigatione sempa adfuit delineata - Neuwe landtaffel, in welcher eigentlich und warhafftig furgestelt wirdt das gewaltige und Goldtreiche Kunigreich Guiana".

      - 1599, 33,5 x 45,5 Garratt, The maps by De Bry, G8 (in: The Map Collector Nr. 9, S. 6 und Abb. auf S. 4). Berühmte und rare Karte Guyanas nach einem Reisebericht von Sir Walter Raleigh "Auf der Suche nach El Dorado" aus "Americae Achter Theil"; reicht vom Lago de Maracaibo im Nordwesten über Aruba, Bonaire und Curacao im Norden, zeigt im Süden den Amazonas. Mittig der Lauf des Orinoco und der (nicht existierende) Salzwassersee Parime mit der Stadt Manoa oder Dorado "di gröste Stadt in der ganzen Welt". Bekannt ist die Karte auch durch die Staffage, darunter ein kopfloser Jäger, eine nackte Jägerin. Allseitig Bildverlust nachgezeichnet, am oberen Rand ca. 0,5 cm, links und rechts ca. 1,5 cm und unten 2,3 cm. Trotz der Mängel immer noch gutes Exemplar dieser seltenen Karte.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Nikolaus Struck]
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        Thüringische Chronick oder Geschichtbuch. Von allerhand denckwürdigen Sachen/ Thaten und Händeln/ so sich färnemlich in Thüringer Landschafft und dessen angränzenden, so wol auch andern weit abgelegnen Orten/ von dero Welt anfang biß auff gegenwertige Zeit/ und das noch wehrende Neun und Neunzigste Jahr, begeben und zugetragen.

      Mühlhausen, Andreas Hantzsch 1599 - 8°. 4 Bl., 212 S., 8 Bl. OHldr.d.Zt. auf 5 Bünde gebunden. Mit floraler Goldgeprägung. Marm. Vorsätze. Papierbedingt gebräunt. Notiz a.V. Guter Zustand! [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Altstadt Antiquariat Bode]
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        Olympia. Pythia. Nemea. Isthmia (graece et latine). Adiuncta est interpretatio latina ad verbum.

      Genf, Paulus Stephanus, 1599. - 4°, circa 23,5 x 17,5 cm. 8 Bll., 587 SS., 2 Bll., mit Holzschnitt-Druckermarke Pergament d. Zt. "Adams P 1232; Hoffmann III, 98; Schweiger I, 235. - "Zum Grunde liegt die Frankfurter Ausgabe von 1542, deren Text nach der zweiten Stephanus von 1566 geändert ist. Correct gedruckte und brauchbare Handausgabe, ohne doch Eignes zu haben" (Ebert). "Bonne édition" (Graesse). Durchgehend parallel griechisch und latein mit Annotationen. " "- Fast durchgehend leicht wasserrandig, nur wenig stockig, Einband etwas berieben und angestaubt, ohne Bindebänder. Insgesamt gut erhalten, eleganter Druck.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Thomas Rezek]
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        Geometria prattica tratta dagli Elementi d'Euclide et altri auttori descritta e dichiarata da Giovanni Scala matematico .

      Stefano Paulini,, roma, 1599 - In f° (34,3 x 23,5). Frontespizio inciso su rame, cc. 57 e 51 splendide tavole finemente incise a piena pagina. Qualche traccia d’uso e ingialliture al margine inferiore; più evidenti nella seconda parte del volume. Legatura primo Settecento tutta pelle; grande arma nobiliare in oro al centro dei piatti con motto "In Sperantia". Leggere abrasioni e mancanze al piatto anteriore abilmente reintegrate. Tagli rossi. Prima edizione di questo apprezzato trattato che si basa sui principi euclidei applicando la geometria non solo all’elevazione di edifici ma soprattutto alle applicazioni di agrimensura e a quelle militari e balistiche. L’autore morì prima di completare l’opera che fu integrata per almeno sette tavole dal matematico Giovanni Scala e per tutto il Seicento fu il trattato più apprezzato in Italia sulla materia. RICCARDI, I-300: «è un trattato di agrimensura che per cognizioni topometriche e per esattezza di figure rappresentanti gli oggetti e gli strumenti di misurazione, trovo assai ben fatto pel tempo in cui venne la prima volta pubblicato». MORTIMER Italian, n. 394.

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      London: Richard Field, 1599. Second Edition in English. The most important work of the Italian statesman, political theorist, and historian Guicciardini (1483-1540), this book was unprecedented in its scope, embracing the political history of all Italy. Pforzheimer says the book "was undoubtedly the greatest historical work that had appeared since the beginning of the modern era. It remains the most solid monument of Italian reason in the sixteenth century." He points out further that the book was clearly of interest to English readers because it went through three editions in English in 40 years (the first was in 1579), despite being very large and probably very costly. This work has become quite rare found complete and in such good condition.. 295 x 190 mm. (11 5/8 x 7 1/2"). 5 p.l., 459, 500-786, 789-943, [13] pp. (first and last leaves blank; complete despite pagination errors). Second Edition in English. Contemporary calf, covers with central filigree ornament and triple rule border in blind and gilt, raised bands, spine with gilt rules, ornaments, and later(?) morocco label. Front pastedown with the ownership signature of J. G. Woolfe, the book label of Steven St. Clair, a morocco armorial symbol (possibly cut from a binding?), and two modern descriptions pasted in. PMM 85 (1561 edition); Pforzheimer 442; Lowndes II, 954; STC 12459. Hinges cracked but in no danger, some light scuffing and abrasions to covers and spine, a bit of wear along the edges, but otherwise a nicely preserved and stately binding; interior with a few small, isolated rust spots and other small stains, occasional instances of light toning and faint foxing (a handful of leaves being slightly darker), three leaves with two-inch tears (two running into the text) and a few other minor paper flaws affecting text, but AN EXCELLENT COPY, THE MAJORITY OF THE CONTENTS REMARKABLY BRIGHT, CRISP, AND CLEAN. The most important work of the Italian statesman, political theorist, and historian Guicciardini (1483-1540), this book was unprecedented in its scope, embracing the political history of all Italy. Pforzheimer says the book "was undoubtedly the greatest historical work that had appeared since the beginning of the modern era. It remains the most solid monument of Italian reason in the sixteenth century." He points out further that the book was clearly of interest to English readers because it went through three editions in English in 40 years (the first was in 1579), despite being very large and probably very costly. This work has become quite rare found complete and in such good condition.

      [Bookseller: Phillip J. Pirages Fine Books and Mediev]
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        L'età dell'oro

      1599. Acquaforte, circa 1599, firmata in lastra in basso a sinistra. Esemplare nel secondo stato di tre, con l'indirizzo dell'editore Cesare Capranica aggiunto in basso a destra. Magnifica prova, particolarmente ricca di toni, caratterizzata dal plate-tone tipico delle prime tirature, impressa su carta vergata coeva con filigrana "cane nel cerchio", rifilata al rame e completa della linea marginale, lieve restauri all'angolo superiore ed inferiore sinistro, per il resto in eccellente stato di conservazione. L'opera fa parte della serie "Le quattro età del mondo". Come citato nella scheda precedente questo può considerarsi il secondo stato, prima della serie edita dal Van Aelst. Etching, circa 1599, signed on plate at lower left. Example in the second state of three, address of the editor Cesare Capranica added at lower right. Magnificent proof, with very rich tonalities, characterised by the typical plate-tone of the first impressions, on contemporary laid paper, "dog in circle" watermark, trimmed at the platemark, with borderlines, small repaired area at upper and lower left corners, otherwise in excellent conditions. This print belongs to the "Four ages of the world" series. As written for the previous catalogue item, this can be considered as the second state, the first belonging to the series edited by Van Aelst. Bartsch vol. 17, pag. 178, 1329. 333 220

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquarius]
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        L'età del ferro

      1599 - Acquaforte, circa 1599, firmata in lastra in basso a sinistra. Esemplare nel presumibile secondo stato di tre. Magnifica prova, impressa su carta vergata coeva priva di filigrana, rifilata al rame e completa della linea marginale, lieve restauri all’angolo superiore ed inferiore sinistro, per il resto in eccellente stato di conservazione. L’opera fa parte della serie "Le quattro età del mondo". L’indirizzo dell’editore compare solo nella prima lastra delle quattro che compongono la serie; l’esemplare è conforme, per carta, qualità ed omogeneità dell’impressione, a quello riportato nella scheda precedente, e per questo può considerarsi un secondo stato, edito da Cesare Capranica nel 1599. Etching, circa1599, signed on plate at lower left. Example (probably) in the second state of three. Magnificent proof, on contemporary laid paper, no watermark, trimmed at the platemark, with borderline, small repaired areas at upper and lower left corners, otherwise in excellent conditions. This print belongs to the series "The four ages of the world". The editor's address appears only on the first plate of the four that make up this series. This example is similar to the previous catalogue item regarding paper, quality and homogeneity. For this reason it can be thought of as belonging to the second state, edited by Cesare Capranica in 1599. Bartsch vol. 17, pag. 178, 1332. Dimensioni 332 220mm [Attributes: Signed Copy; Soft Cover]

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquarius]
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      Francoforte 1599 - Carta geografica del mondo tratta dai famosi "Grandi Viaggi" del De Bry, la più importante opera raffigurante le scoperte nel Nuovo Mondo, realizzata in 13 volumi, di cui l'ultimo datato 1633. La carta è la seconda mappa del mondo inserita nell'opera (la prima nel frontespizio) ed è un mappa ovale circondata da un bordo decorativo con uccelli e fiori, nel classico stile fiammingo dell'epoca. La mappa raffigura le rotte della circumnavigazione di Cavendish ed appare derivata da quella di Cornels Claesz di pochi anni prima. Incisione in rame, magnifica coloritura coeva, in perfetto stato di conservazione. Rara. World map, an oval surrounded by an acractive scrolled border with birds and flowers. Tha map itself, which shows the track of Cavendishìs circumnavigation, appears to have been taken form the centre part of the map used by Cornels Claesz, a year earlier (Shirley 215). De bry map may also be found in later parts of his works, including his Minor Voyages. Copperplate, with fine original colouring, in very good conditions. Shirley, The Mapping of the World, p. 237, 220 Dimensioni 150 80mm

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquarius]
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        Catalogi Haereticorum [.] Liber 8: In Qvo Cvriosorum Et Sanguinariorum Hypocritarum, Iesuvvitarum, errores [et] argumenta repetuntur [et] refutantur, cum assertione veræ sententiæ, quam Catholica complectitur Ecclesia.

      Frankfurt, Kopf und Lechler, 1599. - [31] Bl., 832 S., Kl8°. Mit einer Titelvignette. Pergamenteinband auf drei echten Bünden mit Schließkordeln (komplett). Vorderer und hinterer Deckel mit doppeltem Filetenrahmen mit Eck- und Mittelzier (Stern) in Blindprägung. Der vordere Deckel trägt die offenbar gestempelte Aufschrift "S Petrus in W 1605". Sehr schönes, sauberes Exemplar. Vorlageform des Erscheinungsvermerks: Francoforti, Excudebat Ioannes Lechlerus, impensis Petri Kopfij - Konrad Schlüsselburg, evangelischer Theologe, wurde am 8.4.1543 in Hessisch Oldendorf an der Weser geboren und starb am 5.10.1619 in Stralsund. Er studierte seit 1565 in Wittenberg Theologie, wurde 1570 in Jena Magister und nahm 1574 in Königsberg eine Pfarrstelle an. Wie schon in Wittenberg mußte er als Verfechter einer strengen Orthodoxie nach scharfen Auseinandersetzungen mit dem samländischen Bischof und Akademikern das Pfarramt aufgeben und die Stadt verlassen. Nach einer Vorlesungstätigkeit in Rostock (seit 1580) folgten geistliche Ämter in Antwerpen (1582) und Gadebusch. Seit 1582 war er Pfarrer in Wismar, seit 1590 Superintendent in Ratzeburg und seit 1593 Oberpfarrer in Stralsund. 1594 wurde er in Jena zum Dr. theol. promoviert. Sein Catalogus Haereticorum (13 Bde., 1597-1601) gilt als Hauptwerk lutherischen Polemik und Streittheologie und als bedeutende dogmengeschichtliche Quellensammlung. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat & Buchhandlung Rose]
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        Des. Erasmi Roterodami Adagiorum Chiliades Juxta Locos Communes Digestæ. Quibus Hadriani Junii, Johannis Alexandri Brassicani, Johannis Ulpii, Gilberti Cognati, Coelii Rhodigini, Polydori Virgilii, Petri Godofredi, Caroli Bovilli, Adr. Turnebi & aliquorum quorundam paroemiographorum adagia eodem ordine descripta subjuncta sunt : Tres Indices Accesserunt (.). [suivi de: Henrici Stephani in Adagia Erasmi animadversiones].

      - [Frankfurt am Main], haeredum Andreae Wecheli, Claudij Marnij & Io. Aubrij [Les héritiers d'André Wechel, Claude de Marne et Jean Aubry], 1599. In-folio (325 x 219 mm), demi-toile peinte, plats de papier peint (reliure amateur ancienne), (11) p., 1982 colonnes et (208) p., texte sur 2 colonnes. Bonne édition très complète comportant les épîtres dédicatoires de Johann Jakob Grynaeus à Reinhardus a Syckingen et d'Erasme à Carolus Montjoius ainsi qu'à Gulielmus Montjoius. Index. En fin de volume: 'In adagia Erasmi animadversiones' par Henri Estienne. Grande marque de l'éditeur au titre, bandeaux, lettrines ornées, gravés sur bois. "Publié en 1500 à Paris, l'ouvrage resta un best-seller tout au long du XVIe siècle, jusqu'à sa mise à l'Index par le concile de Trente. Notes de lecture d'Érasme, tirées de l'ensemble de la littérature antique ( ), les humanistes ne s’y trompèrent pas en en faisant leur livre de chevet ( ). Ils constituent une voie royale d’accès à la littérature gréco-latine. Érasme fut sans doute le meilleur connaisseur et vulgarisateur de cette littérature que l’Europe ait connue (.). En publiant ses 'Adages', Érasme apportait une contribution décisive à l'élaboration de la langue humaniste et à la mise en place de références communes à toute son époque" (cf. J.-C. Saladin, Belles-Lettres, 2010). (Adams, E-446. Bezzel 102. VD 16, E 1951. Vander Haeghen, 'Bibliotheca Erasmiana', I, p. 6). Curieuse reliure amateur ancienne. Le premier feuillet est partiellement débroché. Des auréoles claires, rousseurs, taches d’encre et soulign. Reliure frottée. Petite signature ex-libris manuscrite au titre.

      [Bookseller: Librairie HATCHUEL]
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        Discorsi politici, ne i quali si considerano diversi fatti illustri, e memorabili di Principi, e di Republiche antiche, e moderne. Divisi in due libri. Aggiontovi nel fine un suo soliloquio, nel quale l'auttore fa un breve esame di tutto il corso della sua vita.

      Venise, Domenico Nicolini 1599 - 2 parties en un fort volume in-4, [22] feuillets non chiffrés (titre avec portrait gravé de l'auteur, dédicace à Francesco Barbaro, patriarche d'Aquilée, tables), 12 ff. ch., puis l'ouvrage est paginé (pp. 13-636), [2]-22 pp., belle impression en italique, quelques lettrines, vélin rigide à rabats, dos lisse, tranches rouges (reliure moderne). Bel exemplaire. Edition originale de cette oeuvre posthume procurée par le fils de l'auteur, Giovanni Paruta. Elle donne un excellent aperçu des idées politiques d'un homme d'Etat vénitien anti-machiavellien, et exerça une influence profonde, encore que non toujours reconnue, sur la science politique du XVIIe siècle : Le Padouan Paolo Peruta (1540-1598), entré jeune au service de la Sérénissime, fut diplomate, administrateur de la Terre Ferme et sénateur, gouverneur de Brescia et enfin provéditeur de Saint-Marc (en 1596). De surcroît, il avait succédé en 1579 à Luigi Contarini au poste éminemment important d'historiographe de la République, ce qui lui avait permis de poursuivre la chronique de Pietro Bembo de 1513 à 1551. Brunet IV, 392. [Attributes: First Edition; Signed Copy]

      [Bookseller: Librairie Historique F. Teissèdre]
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        Tre navigationi fatte dagli Olandesi, e Zelandesi al settentrione della Norvegia, Moscovia, e Tartaria verso il Catai, e Regno de' Sini,

      dove scopersero il Mare di Veygatz, la Nuova Zembia. .Nuovamente da da Giovanni Giunio Parisio tradotte nella lingua italiana. Venetia, Ieronimo Porro & Compagni, 1599, - in-4, ff. (4), 79 (1 f. bianco in fine), legatura moderna in pergamena floscia. Dedica di G.B. Ciotti a Gasparo Catanei, fregi ed iniz. silogr., testo in car. corsivo. Sul titolo vignetta inc. con navi in ''Nuova Zembla'' ed in basso la ''Aurora'', che ? l'impresa tipogr. di G.B. Ciotti; al verso dell'ult. foglio preliminare incisione a piena pag. con la ''rosa dei venti'' e, framezzate al testo, 31 altre incisioni a mezza pagina (qualcuna ripetuta), di cui 5 sono carte geogr. e le altre raffigurano le navi di Willem Barendsz e scene delle sue spedizioni degli anni 1594-1597, una al f. 48 raffigurante l'"Incisione dell'orso" in seppia. Prima edizione della traduzione italiana di Giov. Giunio Parisio, eseguita su quella tedesca di Levinus Hulsius, dalla quale sono anche accuratamente copiati gli straordinari rami. L'opera, che era apparsa in olandese, latino e francese ad Amsterdam nel 1598, ? la relazione coeva dei tre tentativi olandesi alla ricerca delle Indie attraverso il passaggio di Nord-Est. L'autore fu testimone degli avvenimenti ed uno dei dodici uomini che sopravvissero alla spedizione. ''A major work of Artic exploration, describing the three Barentsz voyages for the discovery of a northeast passage, two in company of Linschoten'' (Sotheby's). Buon esemplare, antica firma di possesso parzialmente leggibile al titolo (''del Marchese Sfond.''), margine inferiore bianco dei primi 2 ff restaurato. BMC 713. Adams V-317. Mortimer, Italian, n. 521. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Pregliasco]
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      1599. (ROJAS, Fernando de). Celestina. Tragicomedia de Calisto y Melibea. [Leyden]: En la Oficina Plantiniana, [1599]. 16mo, 18th-century half vellum, spine lettered in ink. Housed in a custom half morocco clamshell box. $8500.Plantin edition of this classic tragicomedy of the Spanish Renaissance—arguably the most important early work of Spanish literature aside from Don Quixote—published within a century of the unobtainable first edition.Fernando de RojasÂ’ novel written entirely in dialogue is a classic of Spanish literature and is generally considered to mark the beginning of the Renaissance in Spanish letters. “Often considered the first European novel, La Celestina was profoundly influential in the development of European prose fiction and is valued by critics today as much for its greatness as literature as for its historical significance” (Encyclopedia of Literature, 222). The author Rojas was a converted Jewish lawyer about whom little else is known. La Celestina was originally published anonymously in 1499; only the 1500 second edition acknowledged Rojas as the author. After the death of renowned printer Christophe Plantin in 1589, his son-in-law, Jan Moretus, took over the firm. Moretus and his descendants continued to print many works of note, such as the present work, “in officina Plantiniana.” PrinterÂ’s woodcut device on title page. Text in Spanish. Salvá 1170. Palau 51164. Peeters-Fontainas 252. Bookplate. Occasional early ink marginalia.Title page remargined along lower edge; skillful paper repairs to first two leaves of generally clean text. An extremely good copy of this 16th-century edition.

      [Bookseller: Bauman Rare Books]
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        Les Trag

      A Paris, Chez Pierre Bertault au Mont S. Hilaire,

      [Bookseller: H. PICARD ET FILS, founded 1860]
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        Rosa Alpina flore variegato. Rosier des Alpes

      Nissen BBI 1599.- Schwach gebr

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Daniel Schramm e.K.]
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        Geografia... tradotta di greco nell'idioma volgare italiano da Girolamo Ruscelli, Et hora nuovamente ampliata da Gioseffo Rosaccio, con varie annotazioni, et esposizioni, et tavole di rame, che negli stampati altre volte non erano.

      Venezia, Heredi di Melchior Sessa, 1599. In 4°, pergamena seicentesca con tit. in oro al dorso; cc. (30), 42, 186, (6), 144, (27), con 69 tra mappamondi e carte geografiche incise in rame, a doppia pagina. Alcuni restauri al margine interno delle cc. 119-124 nella seconda parte. Lieve gora d'acqua al frontespizio e sul margine esterno delle ultime 50 cc. Legatura con minimi difetti al dorso. Buon esemplare di questa edizione riveduta nel testo e ampliata dal Rosaccio, che presenta 5 tavole aggiunte rispetto alle precedenti curate dal Ruscelli. Olschki, Choix, 1009: "Edition fort estimée et assez recherchée". Adams/P - 2257.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Docet]
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        The Fountaine of Ancient Fiction. Wherein is Lively Depictured the Images and Statues of the Gods of the Ancients, with their Proper and Perticular Expositions

      London: Printed by Adam Islip, 1599. First and only edition in English of Renaissance mythographer Vincenzo Cartari's influential introduction to the deities of the ancient Greek and Roman world, first published in Italian as Le imagini de i Dei degli Antichi in 1556. Translated as The Fountaine of Ancient Fiction, Cartari's work (liberally supplemented by translator Linche) made the iconography of the ancient gods widely accessible to Elizabethan readers: "By [her] shield (in that Minerva is taken for Wisdome and Knowledge) is understood the roundness and compasse of the world, governed with wise decrees, politike lawes, & discreet commandments. By the Dart or Speare, is unshadowed the force, virtue, and power of wisdom, & that the words and speeches of a learned man do prevaile." Cartari draws not only from the expected classical sources (Homer, Aeschylus, Ovid, Virgil, Pliny) but also from Renaissance mythographers like Boccaccio, and his straightforward account of the gods provided Tudor artists and writers with "a symbolic vocabulary" (Renaissance Quarterly). Translated, with many additions, by Elizabethan poet Richard Linche. ESTC S107896. A very good copy of a scarce and important work, with no auction records recorded in more than thirty years. Quarto, early nineteenth-century three-quarter green morocco over marbled boards, spine lettered in gilt. Woodcut emblem on title page, two woodcut headpieces and three woodcut initials. Stab holes visible in gutter. Contemporary (1601) marginalia on C1, slightly later marginalia ("Milton / Par. Lost") on G1, smudged word in early ink on 2B4v. Lacking first blank (A1). Binding rubbed, title page heavily restored and resized, final leaf also repaired, some infrequent dampstaining mostly around gatherings G and Z.

      [Bookseller: Honey & Wax Booksellers]
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        Tre Navigationi fatte dagli Olandesi e Zelandesi Al Settentrione nella Norvegia Moscovia e Tartaria verso il Catai e Regno de Sini doue scopersero il Mare di Veygatz La Nuova Zembla


      [Bookseller: Maggs Bros. Ltd. ]
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        Hebrais, continens XII libros...

      ex officina Jacobinia. Première édition posthume. Rare. Absent aux catalogues français, anglais et allemands. Page de titre rouge et noire. Un portrait. Brunet, II, 1400.Plein Vélin rigide d'époque. spine lisse à faux nerfs orné de 4 fleurons à froid. Filets d'encadrement sur les plats.Philipp Nicodemus Frischlin (1547-1590), humaniste, poète et astronome allemand (né à Erzingen) , il assuma diverses charges dont professeur de poétique à Tubingen et recteur de Laibach. Une vie de Frischlinus a été écrite en 1727 par C.H. Lange. En plus d'un ouvrage sur l'astronomie, Frischlin a rédigé de nombreux commentaires sur des auteurs latins, écrit des pièces de théâtre et de poésie. Ses oeuvres ont été régulièrement éditées en Allemagne. Cette édition a été établie et commentée par Martin Aichmann et Ulric Bollingen. Cette histoire des juifs en 12 livres prend pour modèle L'énéide de Virgile également en 12 livres. Frischlin y travailla jusqu'à sa mort et souhaitait que ce soit une oeuvre importante, tant pour les juifs que pour l'auteur lui-même. --- Please note that the translation in english is done automatically, we apologize if the formulas are inaccurate. Contact us for any information! ex officina Jacobinia Argentori (Strasbourg) 1599 in-8 (17,5x11cm) (48) 383pp. relié

      [Bookseller: Librairie Le Feu Follet]
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        Geometria prattica tratta dagl'Elementi d'Euclide et altri auttori da Giovanni Pomodoro Venetiano mathematico eccellentissimo descritta e dichiarata da Giovanni Scala matematico. Nella quale si vede in 50 tavole di rame scolpito tutto quello che ad un buon giometra s'appartiene di sapere et porre in uso. Opera non meno Vttile che necessaria, à Misuratori di terreni, di fabriche, et altri simmili, mà in'oltre ancora à Geografi, Cosmografi, Architetti Ciuili, et Milittari, à Bombardieri, Soldati priuati, à Capitani, Mastri di Campo et à si Voglia altra persona Virtuosa.

      Rome: Apresso Stefano de Paulini, 1599. First edition, first issue, of this finely illustrated manual of Euclidean geometry and its practical applications for surveyors, architects and others, unusual for being printed in folio, and a rather large folio for the period. The first plate illustrates surveying and measuring instruments; this is followed by a series of plates with Euclidean geometrical diagrams, and then by attractive plates of surveying and measuring problems, including architectural plans and elevations of buildings and streets. Many of the surveying scenes include figures in gentlemanly or military costumesor nude. The first 44 plates were designed by Pomodoro, but he died before the work was complete and the text was provided by Giovanni Scala (1547-1600), who also supplied a further seven plates. The fame of Pomodoro's treatise is attested by the fact that, just one year after its publication, it was cited by the architect Giorgio Vasari the Younger (1562-1625) (the nephew of the art historian of the same name) in his manuscript Raccolto ... di varii instrumenti per misurare con la vista: six of the 76 folios of the manuscript refer to Pomodoro, and Vasari traced illustrations from Tavolas I and XLI-XLIV (Brusaporci, p. 216). This is a very rare book: OCLC lists 5 copies in US (Burndy, Cornell, Harvard, Iowa State, Michigan); COPAC lists BL and Wellcome only; ABPC/RBH record only one copy sold at auction since the Honeyman sale (Christie's, 6 June 2001, lot 384, £4230, modern binding). The treatise begins with the description of the principal instruments for drawing, surveying and military planning: compass; ruler; square ruler; penknife; stiletto (to draw white lines, i.e., without ink); drawing pens; plumb-bob level; gun compass (to measure the diameter of the mouth of a cannon and of cannonballs); hinged rules with goniometer and magnetic compass; the surveyor's cross; and the geometric square with quadrant (to measure distances, depths and lengths, with graduated alidade with viewfinder and a quarter of a circle inside the square). These are illustrated in Tavola I. The geometrical definitions and operations useful for solving surveying problems are illustrated on Tavolas II-XXX: triangles (II-XXV), circular figures (XXVI-XXIX), and solids (XXX). The solution of measurement problems is based primarily on the use of the Pythagorean theorem and similar triangles, as presented in Book VI of Euclid's 'Elements.' The remaining Tavolas are devoted to applications. Tavolas XXXI-XXXIX are focused on the application of the surveyor's cross to measuring of the area of streets, rivers, moats, lakes, woods, and of the bases of trees and mountains; Tavola XL describes a 'lame square' with movable angle which allows one to survey the interior and exterior angles of buildings; Tavolas XLI-XLIII deal with problems of distance measurement (Tavola XLIII is reproduced in Mortimer) and Tavola XLIV with the calculation of heights. Distances are usually calculated using similar triangles, while areas are determined by dividing them into simple geometric shapes, such as triangles and rectangles. Pomodoro's Tavolas are followed by seven by Scala devoted to the calculation of volumes of solids, especially parts of buildings such as columns, stairs and spires. He includes recommendations on the construction of foundations and retaining walls. Scala's astronomical interests are apparent in the examples used in his studies of curved lines and their intersections: he cites the Sun's path between the tropics and the intersection of the "Meridian with the Horizon, with the Equinox, with the Tropics, and with the Arctic and Antarctic circles" (Brusaporci, p. 207), as well as the 'twisted' form of comets' tails. Scala is always careful to point out clearly which are his own contributions, and which are Pomodoro's. Virtually nothing is known about Pomodoro's life, and everything that is known derives from the Foreword to the present work written by his brother Pietro and from the Introduction by Scala. Pomodoro died before this, his only published work, was completed, and probably many years before its publication, for Scala writes that "the work remained almost useless and abandoned ... therefore for many years it has been buried, although M. Pietro Pomodoro, brother of M. Giovanni, tried ... to find a virtuous person who wanted to work on it and fulfill what was missing, and explain what has been realized, and yet he (according to what he told me) didn't find anyone who wanted to take charge of it" (Brusaporci, p. 203). This was possibly because of the practical nature of the work, which, ironically, was also the reason for the continued interest in it over the next two centuries. The first vernacular translation of Euclid by Niccolò Tartaglia (1499-1557) in 1543 had made the results of classical geometry available to practical men, but sixteenth-century treatises on surveying and other aspects of 'practical' geometry were almost exclusively written for university men. The prevailing attitude was explained by Geronimo Pico Fonticulano (1541-96) in his Geometria (1597): "If I describe the practice of fools, simply so that every mediocre talent can be used, I would do wrong to professors because I would facilitate the ignorant ... who have only a naked practice that they do not know is right or not, but want to show that they do know, and presumptuously become professors" (quoted in Brusaporci, p. 218). Pomodoro's was the first work on practical geometry that made a genuine attempt to render the subject accessible to practical men. The first edition was re-issued in 1603 with a new engraved title page and the first gathering re-set, and further editions were printed in 1624, 1667, 1691 and 1772, all using the original plates. Riccardi I, 300; Mortimer, Harvard Italian 394; Honeyman 2512; Macclesfield 1655 (1667 edition). Brusaporci, 'Giovanni Pomodoro (XVI Century),' pp. 201-222 in Distinguished Figures in Descriptive Geometry and Its Applications for Mechanism Science: From the Middle Ages to the 17th Century, 2015. Folio (345 x 240 mm), ff. [57], including engraved title within a scrollwork border with the coat of arms of the dedicatee, Cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini, and with 51 plates of diagrams and illustrations of measurement, of which 44 are by Pomodoro and the remaining 7 by Giovanni Scala; illustrated with historiated initials, vignettes and 6 different tailpieces. Contemporary vellum. Damp stain to lower inner margin of first two gatherings. A very nice and unrestored copy.

      [Bookseller: SOPHIA RARE BOOKS]
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        Consideraciones sobre todos los Evangelios de los Domingos, y Ferias de la Quaresma. Compuesto por el P. M. F. Hernando de Santiago, de la Orden de N. S. de la Merced Redempcion de captiuos: y en esta segunda impression con nueuas adiciones, y con vn sermon de San Pedro, y otro de Difuntos.

      En Madrid: en casa de Pedro Madrigal, año MDXCIX 1599 - [i.e. 1599].- [Para pedidos desde fuera de España, por favor, consulte las condiciones de venta y envío, tipo B / For orders to be delivered outside Spain, please, let you see our sale and shipping terms, type B / Pour les commandes à livrer hors d'Espagne, s'il vous plait, voyez les conditions de vente et de livraison, type B].- // Primera edición madrileña.- 8º mayor, (192x145mm.); [16], 880, [62], [2] p.; sign.: [calderón]8, A-Z8, Aa-Zz8, Aaa-Iii8, [calderón]-4[calderón]8; elaborada viñeta calcográfica en portada con alusiones a los salmos de David y a la parábola de la lámpara bajo el celemín; texto a dos columnas; apostillas marginales; iniciales grabadas.- // Encuadernación siglo XIX en pasta española; lomo con tejuelo rojo y hierros dorados; cortes jaspeados en rojo. Portada levemente descolgada. Algunos subrayados y anotaciones manuscritas en letra s. XVII; leves cercos antiguos de humedad en las tres primeras hojas, en margen superior interno y veinte últimas hojas.- // Proc.: Sin datos.- // Refs.: Méndez Aparicio, XVI, 3308.- // La celebridad oratoria de Hernando de Santiago mereció que Felipe II le definiera como pico de oro y que Zurbarán le hiciese un retarto que se conserva en la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando. Pero la elocuencia del monje le llevó a que la inquisición censurase esta primera edición madrileña. Todavía el Indice de 1640 dedicaba varias páginas (524-528) a describir los pasajes a censurar (basándose en la edición de Salamanca). Libro [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Andarto B.]
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        Geografia di Claudio Tolomeo Alessandrino, Tradotta di Greco nell'Idioma Volgare Italiano da Girolamo Ruscelli, et hora nuovamente ampliata da Gioseffo Rosaccio...

      Venice: heirs of Melchior Sessa, 1598-1599. Three parts in one volume, quarto, with 69 double-page engraved maps, and several woodcut diagrams, early owner's name at foot of title-page; contemporary limp vellum, titled in ink on the spine. Classic sixteenth-century edition of the great work of the classical geographer Ptolemy, updated with "modern" maps showing Renaissance discoveries and new geographical concepts. The atlas is notable for its detailed mapping of the Americas, but also for four maps which demonstrate in some detail contemporary perceptions of a southern continent, and which are notable for the enormous, if largely spurious, advances that had been made from the 1574 edition of the same work (see previous item).The double-hemisphere world map which begins the second, "modern", part of the Atlas was, when Ruscelli first produced it in 1561, the first such map to appear in an Atlas (Shirley, 110). However it showed no southern continent at all, whereas by the time of its revision for this edition a massive continent has been added, with the legend "Hanc continentem Australem nonnulli Magellanica regionem ab eius inventore noncupant... Terra Australis". A large New Guinea is shown at the extreme left while at the right there are islands of the East Indies that did not appear in the earlier version. Another double-page map shows the islands of the East Indies in some detail, while the large map of the Americas and the map of Asia both contain detailed references to a southern continent. These two maps also appear in Anania's L'Universale fabrica del mondo, Venice, 1582.Girolamo Ruscelli produced this revised and expanded edition of Ptolemy's Geographia which was published several times in Venice in the second half of he sixteenth century. The second part of the book with a separate title-page dated 1598 is Ruscelli's Espositioni, et Introduttioni Universali sopra la Geogradia di Claudio Tolomeo Alessandrino.The maps were largely based on the Venetian cartographer Giacomo Gastaldi's reworking of the Ptolemaic models. Gastaldi and Ruscelli's maps are notable for their graceful and restrained style, reflecting an Italian sensibility and the suitability of copperplate engraving as a medium for cartography, in contrast to the heavier woodcut maps of the earlier period.Ptolemy, the Greek astronomer, geographer and mathematician working in Alexandria, assembled prevailing geographic theory to produce his manuscript work in about 150 CE. The text survived the dark ages in Europe, and survived also through its powerful influence on Islamic thought: Arabic versions of Ptolemy were available from about 500 CE onwards. In Europe the initial awakening of interest in geography arose from the revival of knowledge of Ptolemy's work early in the fifteenth century. Greek manuscript copies made in the twelfth to fourteenth centuries were brought by scholars to Italy from Constantinople and were subsequently translated into Latin and widely studied. However the maps of the original version did not survive, and in about the twelfth century a set of "Ptolemy" maps came into being which has ever since been accepted as the standard Ptolemaic view of the universe.As the Renaissance voyages of discovery continued through the sixteenth century, knowledge of the geography of the world began to change profoundly, and the world of geography began gradually to abandon the Ptolemaic ideas which appeared in the early printed versions of Ptolemy's work. Publication of the "Ptolemy" maps continued through the sixteenth century, but with a series of modern maps gradually replacing the classical originals. A couple of small wormholes in lower margins clear of text, some occasional light toning and spotting; contemporary limp vellum, titled in ink on the spine, a good copy with generous margins.

      [Bookseller: Hordern House]
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        Anatomia del cavallo, infermita?, et svoi rimedii : opera nuoua, degna di qualsiuoglia prencipe, & caualiere, & molto necessaria a? filosofi, medici, cauallerizzi, & marescalchi / Del sig. Carlo Rvini......

      Venice: Appresso G. Bindoni, il giouane, 1599. 2nd Edition. Soft cover. Folio - over 12 - 15" tall. Two parts in one volume. Folio (321 x 231 mm). [36], 295 [1]; [4], 386, [30] pp., titles-pages printed in red and black and with large woodcut device, 64 woodcut plates within pagination, alphabetical index at end of part II, errata on ***4r of part I and final page of part II, separate title-page to part II. Signatures: ?2 *6 **6 ***4, a-2a? 2b?; ?2 A-2L? 2M?. Printed on strong paper. With the two blanks in part II. Contemporary flexible vellum (soiled and browned, binding restored with upper portion of spine repaired), remnant of paper label to spine. Little age-toning of text, occasional spotting and finger-soiling, faint dampstaining mainly to upper portion, repaired tear to upper margin of Dd4 costing two letters of headline text, chipped corners of part I title-leaf restored. Collated complete. A fine, wide-margined copy. ----Dibner 186 (this ed.); Norman 1858 (1st ed.); BM/STC Italian, p. 592; D.S.B. XI, p.604ff; Nissen ZBI 3514; Garrison-Morton 285; Osler 918; Mortimer Italian 448; Wellcome 5625. - RARE SECOND EDITION of the first book devoted exclusively to the anatomy of an animal, and the first monograph on horses. "Besides being one of the foundation-stones of modern veterinary medicine, it contains a description of the lesser circulation. The admirable woodcuts were inspired by those in Vesalius' De humani corporis fabrica (1543)" (Garrison-Morton). "The fine engravings and fluent text detail the anatomy and physiology of the horse, with the eye, ear, intestines, kidneys and bladder being especially well treated. The heart and the lesser circulation are described but it is stated that left ventricle sent blood and vital spirits to all parts of the body but the lung (which prompted the Veterinary School in Bologna to honor Ruini with a tablet proclaiming him the discoverer of the circulation!) In exactness and beauty of treatment, Ruini's book has been favorably compared to Vesalius' treatment of man (Dibner 186). "One of the finest achievements of the heroic age of anatomy... its truly magnificent figures need not fear comparison with those of Vesalius or Eustachius" (C. Singer, The Evolution of Anatomy, p.153). Of the woodcuts Cole writes "it is impossible to avoid the conclusion that Ruini's work is the direct and logical outcome of the Vesalian tradition, since it resembles, if it does not equal, the masterpiece of the founder of anatomy in almost every detail" (Cole, Hist. of Comparative Anatomy, pp.83-97). The first part deals with horse anatomy, the second part with horse diseases.The second edition was issued one year after the first and differs only in title-page and name of dedicee. It is even rarer than the first edition with only two complete copies recorded at auction in the past 20 years. Very Good....

      [Bookseller: Milestones of Science Books]
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        Historia Belgica nostri potissimum temporis Belgii sub quatuor Burgundis & totidem Austriacis principibus coniunctionem & gubernationem breviter. Turbas autem, bella et mutationes tempore regis Philippi, Carli V. Caesaris filii, ad annum usque 1598. plenius complectens, conscripta. [Cologne, A. Mylius, 1598]. Folio. With letterpress title-page in engraved border with scenes of trade and war (Verduyn, pl. XIV), additional engraved medallion portrait of the author mounted on blank back of title-page, by Hendrik Hondius the Elder, double-page engraved map of the Netherlands, by Frans Hogenberg and 22 engraved portraits on 19 plates. Contemporary vellum.

      - First Latin edition, with Frans Hogenberg's original early map of the Low Countries and a very rare additional portrait of Van Meteren by Hendrik Hondius the Elder, dated 1599. Van Meteren's History first appeared in a 1593 German translation by the same publisher, based on an unauthorized Dutch text. The Latin translation of the German was updated with events up to 1598 without Van Meteren's knowledge. Mylius's Cologne editions include Hogenberg's original map, engraved ca. 1587. The first authorized edition, in the original Dutch, appeared in 1599 in Delft, and includes a copy of Hogenberg's map. Van Meteren's work was the first history of the Netherlands to treat the revolt against the Spanish up to the foundation of the Dutch Republic but was banned by the States-General, though the ban was lifted six months later. With the bookplate of Boies Penrose and the names of J. Hoare and Thomas Smith on first fly-leaf and title-page. Bottom of spine damaged; some old annotations in the margins; some stains. Good copy.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books]
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        Limenheuretica [Greek], sive porluum investigandorum ratio. Metaphraste Hug. Grotio Batavo.

      Leiden: Ex officina Plantiniana apud Christophorum Raphelengium. Academiae Lugduno-Batavae Typographum, 1599. First Latin edition of Stevin's extremely rare and important work on the determination of longitude using magnetic variation. Originally published in Dutch as De Havenvinding, "the [Latin] translation appeared almost simultaneously with the original Dutch version" (Crone et al, p. 375); English and French translations followed later in the same year. "In a seafaring nation like the Dutch republic matters of navigation were, of course, of great importance. In addition to his astronomical works, Stevin ... approached the subject of determining the longitude of a ship, a problem that was not fully solved until the nineteenth century. Several previous authors had suggested that longitude might be determined by measuring the deviation of the magnetic needle from the astronomical meridian, a suggestion based on the assumption that the earth-wide distribution of terrestrial magnetism was known. Since the determination of latitude was well known, such a measurement would allow the sailor to chart longitudinal position against the latitudinal circle. Stevin, in his booklet, gave a clear explanation of this method; he differed from Petrus Plancius and Mercator in that he did not rely upon a priori conceptions of the way in which geomagnetic deviation depends upon geographical position. Although he was willing to offer a conjecture about this dependence, Stevin insisted on the necessity of collecting actual measurements from all possible sources and urged the establishment of an empirical, worldwide survey. His method was sound, although as data began to accumulate it became clear that the magnetic elements were subject to secular variation. The problem of determining longitude was at last solved more simply by the invention of the ship's chronometer" (DSB). The Latin translation of De Havenvinding is important as the first edition to be published in a language understood throughout Europe, and hence is likely to have been much more widely read that the Dutch original. It also contains a fascinating dedication by Grotius, not of course present in the Dutch edition (or in the English and French editions). According to ABPC/RBH, in the last 50 years no copy of the Dutch or Latin editions has sold at auction; they list just the Macclesfield copy of the French edition, and the Streeter/Boies-Penrose copy of the English edition (sold Christie's New York, April 16, 2007, $36,000); the latter copy (in a modern binding) was subsequently offered by William Reese at $72,500. OCLC lists no copies in US. "By the end of the sixteenth century the Dutch Republic had become a major sea power ... It was thus understandable that the authorities in the Dutch Republic - Prince Maurice (1567-1625) and the States general - were greatly interested in a safe and speedy method of maritime travel. Maurice showed considerable enthusiasm for nautical affairs, and it is likely that he asked Stevin to prepare a study of the subject ... "Stevin explains what he intends right at the start of the book. 'It is known,' he says, 'that for a long time past, principally since the great voyages to the Indies and America began, a means has been sought by which the navigator might know at sea the longitude of the place where his ship is at the moment in order thus to get to the harbours to which he wishes to go, but that hitherto it has not been possible to arrive at such accurate knowledge of the longitude. For some people, hoping to find it through the variation of the compass, ascribed a pole to the said variation, calling it magnetic pole, but it is found upon further experience that these variations do not obey a pole. Nevertheless the search for this has furnished a means for reaching a desired harbor, even though the true longitudes of both the harbor and the ship are unknown.' In navigation, the 'variation of the compass' is understood as the angle between the geographic and magnetic meridian. Gerardus Mercator (1512-94) and Pieter Plaetevoet (1552-1622), known as Plancius, a Dranouter-born pastor of the Reformed Church in Amsterdam, had written on the phenomenon of magnetic variation before Stevin, and he had tried to make use of it in practical navigation and in attempts at determining longitude. Stevin's aim was clearly much more modest: he sought to enable the seafarer to reach a given harbor without having recourse to longitude. "Moreover, Stevin was not convinced of the existence of a magnetic pole, conceived as a rock located somewhere in the Arctic. In De Havenvinding he makes no attempt to explain the variation of the compass needle or terrestrial magnetism in general, as his predecessors Plancius and Mercator had done. But he did make a thorough study of the observational data Plancius had collected and expanded on them. "Plancius assumed that there were four meridians on earth where the variation was zero: the prime meridian, which at that time passed over the island of Corvo in the Azores, and the meridians of 60°, 160° and 260° east longitude. In each of the four lunes into which these meridians divide the earth's surface, the needle is supposed to deviate from magnetic north in the same way. That is northeasterly in the lunes I (0-60°) and III (160-260V), and northwesterly in the lunes II (60-160°) and IV (260-360°). The northeasterly variation would increase in lune I from 0° to 30° eastern longitude and decrease from 30° to 60° and so on. Stevin concurred with Plancius as regards lunes I and II, for which there existed sufficient observational data, but in place of four agonic lines [meridians of zero variation] he introduced six, at 0°, 60°, 160°, 180°, 240° and 340°, and cautiously presented his system as conjecture or supposition. Although Stevin criticized certain aspects of Plancius's work and used his method in a more restrained form, he made no attempt to hide his admiration for his predecessor's data gathering, 'listing in a table the variations that have already been observed, which the learned geographer Mr Petrus Plancius has collected by protracted labour and not without great expense from different corners of the earth, both far and near, so that, if navigators shall find land and harbours generally in this way, as some in particular have already found them, the said Plancius may be considered one of the principal causes of this.' "Stevin advocated the use of the tables of variation to find harbours or even to enable ships belonging to the same fleet to regroup at a specific point. He interpreted the proposition in an appendix to De Havenvinding thus: 'Since the given variation and latitude in combination indicate a definite point, both at sea and on the land, it follows from this that it is possible for ships to find each other at a given point at sea, far from the land. This is useful, among other things, to help the ships of a fleet to reassemble after a storm. By this means it is also possible to fix a rendezvous where ships coming from different directions may meet at a predetermined time.' "If this technique was to be truly reliable, the collection of compass variations at as many positions in the world as possible was essential. Prince Maurice ordered that navigators should henceforth 'find out actually and very carefully the variations of the needle from the north' and faithfully report the results of their observations to the Admiralty so practical tests could be made. Stevin studied the various methods of observing variations, finally recommending a way of measuring them in De Havenvinding. In a section entitled 'How the True North and the Variation are Found' he explains how observations can best be taken. The navigator should use 'an azimuthal quadrant, the horizontal plane of which, notwithstanding the movement of the ship, always remains level.' In the margin of the page, Stevin provides a Latin translation for the description of this instrument Quadrantem Azimuthalium seu verticulu cuius planu horizontale - an azimuthal quadrant that turns about a vertical axis over a horizontal graduated circle. This instrument was built by Reynier Pietersz, also known as Reynier Pieter van Twisch. An inhabitant of Hoorn (in the province of North Holland), Reynier Pietersz worked for the Hoorn ship owners. In 1598 he applied to the states of Holland and Westfresia for a subsidy for the building of two instruments. One of these was no doubt his azimuthal quadrant. On 13 March 1598, the States appointed a committee consisting of Scaliger, Snellius, Van Ceulen and Stevin, together with the deputies of Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Hoorn and Enkhuizen, to examine and test the instruments and report on them. The committee's conclusions are not known, but the fact that Stevin recommended the instrument and explained how it should be used suggests that the committee deemed Reynier Pietersz's device to be useful and usable. Certain sources even describe it as the 'Golden Compass'" (Devreese & Berghe, pp. 96-99). The 'Privilege' with which the work opens states that the States General of the United Netherlands, by letters patent of 18 March 1599, granted to Christoffel van Raphelingen (1566-1600), printer at Leiden and a grandson of the famous Christoffel Plantijn (Christophe Plantin) at Antwerp, for a period of six years, the sole right of printing, publishing, and selling this book. We also read there that Van Raphelingen intended to publish the treatise not only in Dutch but in Latin, French, and other languages, but Van Raphelingen actually brought out only a Latin and a French edition in addition to the Dutch; the English translation, The Haven-finding Art or the way to find any Haven or place at sea, by the Latitude and Variation, by the great mathematician and nautical expert Edward Wright, was printed and published in London, also in 1599. The Latin edition has a dedicatory epistle dated 1 April 1599, and therefore probably appeared within days of the Dutch edition. The English translation had a dedicatory epistle by Wright dated 23 August 1599; it therefore probably appeared four or five months after the Dutch and Latin editions. The French translation, Le Trouve-Port, contains no dedicatory epistle, no preface to the reader, nor any other data from which the exact date of its publication might be inferred; even the identity of the translator is unknown. The Dutch edition was reprinted in the Wisconstighe gedachtenissen and the Latin edition in the Hypomnemata mathematica, both published in 1605-8; the French edition was included in Les Oeuvres Mathématiques, published by Albert Girard in 1634. The book's rapid translation into several languages indicates just how great was the interest it aroused in seafaring nations. De Havenvinding is the only work by Stevin not to include his name as author on the title page, not even in the original Dutch publication. However, his authorship is mentioned in Grotius's Latin translation and in the English version by Wright. "The jurist Hugo Grotius (1583-1645), a figure famed in world history, at the age of 16 years had translated The Haven-Finding Art faithfully into elegant Latin ... Grotius wrote for the booklet a dedicatory epistle, addressed to the Doge, the Senate, and the people of Venice, and dated Delft, 1st April 1599. This date shows that the translation appeared almost simultaneously with the original Dutch version. It is not merely on account of the courtesy of the wording that this dedication is worth reading. It also contains some personal impressions of the author. It drives Stevin's meaning home to the reader more clearly than he himself had done and it throws full light on the importance attached to Stevin's work by the leader of the country, Lieutenant-Admiral Prince Maurice. "Grotius relates that he had met the Venetian ambassador while accompanying the Dutch embassy sent to Paris. After making a polite comparison between Venice and the Republic he states he had resolved to dedicate a work to the Venetians. The favourable occasion which was worthy of them and which enabled him to add a contribution of his own - a reference to his dedicatory epistle - had now arisen. He was able to offer and recommend a booklet containing instructions given by the Prince to the commanders of the navy and to their boards, to be followed by them. The Lieutenant-Admiral himself had previously studied the subject. "After a circumstantial discussion of the development of ancient navigation and the knowledge of the compass,' Grotius recalls how on voyages from east to west the compass-needle had been found to deviate gradually and not inconsiderably from the true north, which had caused great doubt and uncertainty among seamen. Thanks to prolonged observation of the magnetic declination at different times and places it had been found by the most learned mathematicians - as one of whom he considers Prince Maurice - that this was no mere accident, but that in nature a certain regularity (ratio et norma) existed according to which the pointings of the needle varied. The Prince had now presented these instructions, written about the matter by his mathematician Stevin, to those in authority in maritime affairs, in order that, if there should be found to exist disagreement between theory and personal observation, every effort might be made to deduce a rule from different experiments. "In order that as many data as possible might be collected, the Prince had decided to present the booklet to the Doge, so that the Venetian navigators might take similar observations, which would make for greater certainty in the finding of any destination. Grotius concludes his dedicatory epistle with a general recommendation of the method and with the wish that "this small present" might be sympathetically received, "which will be of benefit to both parties and to the whole of the human race". The high expectations that were entertained - by the Prince in particular - of the fruits of Stevin's work could hardly be expressed more eloquently" (Crone et al, pp. 375-6). One of the most original scientists of the sixteenth century, Simon Stevin (1548-1620) "was a merchant's clerk in Antwerp for a time and eventually rose to become commissioner of public works and quartermaster general of the army under Prince Maurice of Nassau. He engineered a system of sluices to flood certain areas and drive off any enemy, an important defense of Holland. He also invented a 26-passenger carriage with sails for use along the seashore. In De Beghinselen der Weeghconst (1586; "Statics and Hydrostatics") Stevin published the theorem of the triangle of forces. The knowledge of this triangle of forces, equivalent to the parallelogram diagram of forces, gave a new impetus to the study of statics, which had previously been founded on the theory of the lever. He also discovered that the downward pressure of a liquid is independent of the shape of its vessel and depends only on its height and base. In 1585 Stevin published a small pamphlet, La Thiende ("The Tenth"), in which he presented an elementary and thorough account of decimal fractions and their daily use. Although he did not invent decimal fractions and his notation was rather unwieldy, he established their use in day-to-day mathematics. He declared that the universal introduction of decimal coinage, measures, and weights would be only a question of time. Stevin published a report in 1586 on his experiment in which two lead spheres, one 10 times as heavy as the other, fell a distance of 30 feet in the same time. His report received little attention, though it preceded by three years Galileo's first treatise concerning gravity and by 18 years Galileo's theoretical work on falling bodies" (Britannica). Bierens de Haan 4565; Dijksterhuis X and pp 87-92; Taylor, Mathematical Practitioners of Tudor and Stuart England, 99/100b; Waters, The Art of Navigation, pp. 229-230. Crone et al (eds.), The Principal Works of Simon Stevin, Vol. III, 1961. Devreese & Berghe, 'Magic is no Magic': The Wonderful World of Simon Stevin, 2008. Small 4to, pp. [xii], 21, [1], with woodcut printer's compass device on title and three woodcut illustrations in text, two full-page. Recently bound in limp vellum.

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