viaLibri Requires Cookies CLICK HERE TO HIDE THIS NOTICE

Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1573

        Neuwe Livische Figuren, Darinnen die gantze Römische Historien künstlich begriffen and angezeigt. Geordnet und gestellt durch ... Johann Bockspergern von Saltzburg den jüngern, und... nachgerissen durch... Joss Amman, von Zurich ... mit Teutschen Reimen... erklärt durch Heinrich Peter Rebenstock, Pfarrherrn zu Eschersheim.

      Gedruckt zu Frankfurt am Mayn 1573 Allen Künstlern als Malern, Goldschmiden, Bildhauern..., 1 vol. in-8 format à l'italienne rel. moderne plein vélin, Gedruckt zu Frankfurt am Mayn, 1573, 1 f. (titre), 3 ff. (Vorrede), 107 ff. chiffrés - Beau recueil des illustrations de l'Histoire de Tite Live établi par le grand graveur d'origine zurichoise Jost Amman. Chaque feuillet d'illustration, gravé d'après les dessins de Johann Bocksberger, est enrichi dans les marges supérieures et inférieures d'un texte versifié rédigé par Heinrich Rebenstock à partir de l'oeuvre de Tite Live. Les superbes gravures sur bois présentent une très grande richesse de motifs, tant au niveau de l'architecture que de la faune ; les guerres puniques sont ainsi l'occasion d'introduire l'exotisme avec les dromadaires et les éléphants, et la planche 42 illustre le combat de Marcus Attilius Regulus contre un dragon ("Marcus Attilius Regulus bringt ein grossen Drachen um"). Les scènes de bataille sont évidemment très nombreuses, et les batailles navales succèdent aux sièges, les exécutions aux harangues, les ambassades aux triomphes. Les ff. 105 et 108 sont absents, mais un feuillet coupé en marges et remonté sans son texte a été intercalé après le dixième feuillet (il porte bien le monogramme de Jost Amman, et il s'agit manifestement du f. 105 ou 108). Les derniers feuillets 104, 106 et 107 ont été recoupés en marge (sans aucune atteinte aux illustrations, et sans atteinte ou avec atteinte très mineure au texte) et remontés. Rare et bon exemplaire proposant ainsi 107 ff. sur les 108 ff. The illustrations, conceived after drawings by Johann Bocksberger, are accompanied by verses by Heinrich Peter Rebenstock. The beautiful woodcuts, many of them battle scenes, contain a wealth of figures (camels, elephants and even a dragon can be found !). Lacking probably one leave in the "Vorrede" (frontispice) and leaves 105 and 108, but one leave, cut on its margins and bearing Amman's monogram but without his text and number was restuck and inserted after leave 10 (certainly the leave 105 or 108). Leaves 104, 106 and 107 were a bit cut on margins and restuck. A very interesting copy, almost complete with 107 on the 108 leaves. Brulliot, 1832 ; Brunet, I, 236 Allemand

      [Bookseller: Librairie Du Cardinal]
 1.   Check availability:     maremagnum.com     Link/Print  


        HISTORIA NATURALE Tradotta per M. Lodovico Domenichi con le postille in margine, nelle quali, o vengono segnate le cose notabili, o citati altri Auttori, che della stessa materia habbiano scritto, o dichiarati i luoghi difficili o posti i nomi di Geografia moderni. Et con le tavole copiosissime di tutto quel che nell'Opera di contiene. Con privilegi.

      Giacomo Vidali 1573 In 4º antico (21x15,5 cm) 57(1)+1188 pp. Seconda edizione di questa fondamentale versione. Gamba, 1582. Ritratto di Plinio al frontespizio, numerosi grandi capilettera figurati, testatine e fregi xilografici, cul de lampe. Macchiette, segni d'uso, strappettini marginali alle prime carte; ingialliture ai primi/ultimi quinterni, uniforme brunitura a poche pagine. Antiche firme al frontespizio. Buoni margini. Nota a penna alla sguardia posteriore. Corposo volume, legatura antica in pergamena molle coeva con macchiette concentriche alle copertine, traccia di tassello al dorso e scritta "Plinio" a penna, titolo abbreviato e nome dell'autore manoscritti al taglio inferiore. Eccellente, genuino esemplare.

      [Bookseller: Bergoglio Libri d'Epoca]
 2.   Check availability:     maremagnum.com     Link/Print  


        De arte gymnastica libri sex. Secunda editione aucti, & multis figuris ornati.

      Holzschn.-Druckermarke, 3 große Holzschn.-Initialen und 23 ganzseitige Textholzschnitte, (6 Bl.), 308 (recte 312) S., (14 Bl). Halbpergamentbd. um 1800 mit RSch. (gering bestoßen und leicht fleckig). Zweite und zugleich erste illustrierte Ausgabe unter diesem Titel. - BM, Italian Books 434; Adams M 1320; Mortimer 302; Wellcome I, 4224; Garrison/Morton 1986. 1 (EA 1569) - 'Sein berühmtestes Werk über die Gymnastik der Antike' (Hirsch/H. IV, 171). 'First illustrated book on gymnastics. It is the foundation stone of later work on the subject and is important for the study of gymnastics among the ancients. It includes some excellent woodcuts' G.M.), 'designed for the author by Pirro Logorio and cut by Cristoforo Coriolani' (Durling 3088). Die schönen Holzschnitte zeigen für die Entwicklung der Sportarten äußerst interessante Darstellungen, u. a. Boxen, Diskuswerfen, Kugelstoßen, Schwimmen, Ringen, ferner die dazugehörigen Gerätschaften. - Teils gering stockfleckig, alter Namenszug auf dem Titel.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat im Hufelandhaus GmbH vorm. L]
 3.   Check availability:     antiquariat.de     Link/Print  


        De Coniuratione Catilinae, et de Bello Iugurthino historiae.

      De Coniuratione Catilinae, et de Bello Iugurthino historiae. In M.Tullium Ciceronem oratio. M.Tullij Ciceronis ad Salustium responsio. Eiusdem Ciceronis in L.Catilinam orationes quinque. Lucij Catilinae in M.T.Ciceronem orationes responsiuae duae. Porcij Latronis declamatio in L.Catilinam. Fragmenta quaedam ex libris historiarum Salustij. Cum Iodoci Badii Ascensii in haec omnia familiaribus explanationibus? Venetiis, apud Haeredes Ioannis Mariae Bonelli, 1573. In 8vo; cc.8n.nn., 154, 6n.nn. Insegna tipografica al frontespizio ed all?ultima carta, testate e capilettera incisi. Fior. Mezza pergamena posteriore.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Casella]
 4.   Check availability:     maremagnum.com     Link/Print  


        [Conservandae bonae valetudinis] Conservandae Bonae Valetvdinis Praecepta Longe Salvberrima, Regi Angliae quondam à Doctoribus Scholae Salernitanae versibus conscripta: nunc demùm non integritati solum atque nitori suo restituta, sed rhytmis quoque Germanicis illustrata. Cum luculenta & succincta Arnoldi Villanouani, Medici ac Philosophi praestantissimi, in singula capita Exegesi. Per Ioannem Cvrionem Berckensem, celeberrima Erphordiana Reipub. Medicum Physicum, ita nunc denuò, mutatis & recisis nonnullis, ac innumeris fermè sublatis mendis, recognita & repurgata, ut novum opus iure videri poßit. Accesserunt & alia quaedam lectu non indigna, quae sequenti indicatur pagina

      Frankfurt, Egenolffs Erben 1573. 17 cm. (8), 280, (4) Blatt mit 2 Initialen und 66 Textholzschnitten. Blindgeprägter Lederband der Zeit mit Rollenstempeln über Holzdeckeln - VD16 R 582 - Gambacorta /Giordano S. 82 - Durling 3814 - Richter, Egenolff 352 - 4. Auflage bei Egenolffs Erben, Neuauflage der Frankfurter Ausgabe von 1557 mit Hinzufügung von Camerarius, Joachim d.Ä.: Victus et cultus ratio; Diocles: Epistola praeservativa; Fernel, Jean: Emissi sanguinis observatio; Melanchthon, Philipp: De moderatione cibi et potus; Polybus: De salubri diaeta. Curios Bearbeitung des von der Schule von Salerno entwickelten Diätkochbuches, dem König von England gewidmet. Johann Curio (Curion), geboren in Rheinberg im Kurfürstentum Köln, studierte Medizin in Erfurt und starb 1561. Die Holzschnitte zeigen Heilpflanzen, Essen und Trinken, Badeszenen, Charaktere, Behandlungsmethoden, und a. Werkzeuge zur Zahn-Extraktion. Die Rollenstempel auf beiden Deckeln (Salvator - Johannes - Paulus - David) sind beschrieben bei Haebler II, 288, 11. Kanten stellenweise Schabspuren, Rücken und Ecken restauriert, erste 40 Blatt und letzte 20 Blatt im Rand Feuchtigkeitssspur, Titel und das letzte Blatt (Index T-Z) in Faksimile auf altem Papier. - Sprache / Language: Lateinisch / Latin -

      [Bookseller: Wenner Antiquariat]
 5.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        POESIS PHILOSOPHICA [preceded by POESIS PHILOSOPHOS in Greek script], Vel saltem, Reliquiae poesis philosophicae, Empedoclis, Xenophanis, Timonis, Parmenidis, Cleanthis, Epicharmi. Adiuncta sunt Orphei illius carmina .. Item, Heracliti et Democriti loci quidam, & eorum epistolae

      Geneva]: Henr. Stephanus, 1573. Hardcover. Very Good. Stephanus' printer's mark with motto "Noli altum sapere" on Titlepage. Small octavo early 19th century half red morocco with pebbled cloth sides 5 raised bands gilt (tips rubbed) 222pp (p37 misnumbered 73). Text complete, but lacks 5 blank un-numbered leaves (4 between authors, and final blank). Pencil note on flyleaf "From the Broad Hall Collection, ex dono E.G.", bookplate of Robert J. Hurst on rear endpaper, neat early underlining on one page, text otherwise remarkably clean and crisp throughout. *First edition, and editio princeps, of these fragments of pre-Socratic philosophers. Stephanus (Estienne) gives his own editorial notes to the Reader at pp220-2. Printed in Stephanus' fine Greek typography - text in Greek with prefatory matter in Latin (Adams P1682).

      [Bookseller: Abbey Antiquarian Books]
 6.   Check availability:     Biblio     Link/Print  


        De arte gymnastica libri sex, in quibus exercitationum omnium vetustarum genera, loca, modi, facultates, & quidquid deniq. ad corporis humani exercitationes pertinet, diligenter explicatur. Secunda editione aucti, & multis figuris ornati.

      Venetiis apud Iuntas, 1573. (12),308,(28)pp. 23 Full size woodcuts. Contemporary sligtly damaged limp vellum, small loss of vellum at the upper 2 centimeters of the spine. Pp. 54-66 with small wormhole in outer margin. Stain in mostly outer magin of pp.285 until the end. pp 125-126 a little browned

      [Bookseller: Antikvariat Thomas Andersson]
 7.   Check availability:     Antikvariat     Link/Print  


        C.

      Erasmi Michaelii Laeti, Margareticorum: Hoc est, de conflictu gotthico: in quo Margaretae Danorum reginæ auspicijs, Albertus Megapolensis Sueciæ rex ceptus regnoq; exutus est: Libri decem. Ad serenissimam atq; illustrissimam Elizabetham, Angliæ, Franciæ et hyberniæ virginem reginam. Frankfurt, Georgium Corvinum [Georg Rabe], impensis Sigismundi Feyerabend, 1573. 4:o. (18),+ (2, blanka),+ 281,+ (1) s. Sista sidan med utgivaren Feyerabends vapen i träsnitt och med Glads dito på titelsidans baksida. Titelbladet med bortklippt namnteckning i nederkant, något lagerfläckig, mest i början och mot slutet. Välbevarat något senare pergamentband, ryggen med handtextad titel, blå stänksnitt. Ur Johan Henrik Schröders bibliotek, med hans exlibris och ur Ericsbergs bibliotek. Bibl. danica sp. 41f. Thesaurus 295. Warmholtz 2714. Carlander III, 368ff. Första upplagan av Rasmus Glads stora diktverk om drottning Margareta I:s historia, lämpligt nog dedicerat till den engelska drottningen Elisabeth I. Erasmus Glad eller Cimbrius Erasmus Michaëlis Laetus (1526-82) var humanist och professor i teologi, men befann sig huvudskligen på resande fot runt om i Europa, där han skrev en mängd verk på vers; om sjöväsen, dedicerat till den venetianska republiken och dess doge, Moraliska samtal mellan växter och djur och även en allmän dansk historia (Res danica), dedicerad till danske kungen Kristian III. Det växte dock fram ett missnöje med hans långa utlandsvistelser och att han därvid misskötte sitt uppdrag som professor. Han avskedades 1574, men njöt fortfarande kunglig gunst och fick istället en gård i Köpenhamn och underhåll, så att han på ålderns höst kunde njuta sitt otium. Historieprofessorn Johan Henrik Schröders (1791-1857) bibliotek, "fullt af gamla sällsynta svenska böcker", såldes på bokauktion 1866 i Uppsala efter tryckt förteckning. Enligt Henrik Klemming rådde auktionsdagen sådan snöyra i Uppsala att många, både anbud och spekulanter, inte kunde komma fram till auktionen i tid. Böckerna såldes även ofta mycket billigt

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
 8.   Check availability:     Antikvariat     Link/Print  


        Tartariae sive Magni Chami Regni Typus

      Antwerp:. 1573.. Original hand color map of Tartary (Asia), showing China and Japan and 'Mare Cin', with the 'Stretto di Anian', one of the earliest representations of the Bering Strait. With California shown at the end of Baja Peninsula. Based on Ortelius' 1564 wall map of the world, with information derived from the explorations of Marco Polo (whose name is cited in several of the text blocks) and from Portuguese missionaries in Japan. With two large ornate cartouches, sailing ships, flying fish, vignettes and an ornate decorative border. Latin text on verso of the right side, with the number 62 at the lower right. Image size:18 1/2 x 13 3/4. Paper size: 20 3/4 x 16 1/2". Original color with crisp impression marks, printed slightly askew, very good + condition. Van den Broecke, M. #163; Burden, P.D. #41; Wheat, C.I. (TM) #16; Wagner, H. (NW) #81; Walter, L. #11E. From 'Cartographica Neerlandica Background for Ortelius Map No. 163', this map is 1573L(B)62, of which 40 copies were printed.

      [Bookseller: Antipodean Books, Maps & Prints ]
 9.   Check availability:     ABAA     Link/Print  


        Glossaria duo, è situ vetustatis eruta: ad vtriusque linguae cognitionem & locupletationem perutilia. Item, De Atticae linguae seu dialecti idiomatis, comment. Henr. Steph. Vtraque nunc primùm in publicum prodeunt

      excudebat Henr. Stephanus [Geneva]: excudebat Henr. Stephanus. 1573. First edition, folio, 2 parts in 1, as issued; pp. [8], 664 columns; [8], 13-247; printer's woodcut device on title; generally a very good, sound and useable copy in 17th century calf, neatly rebacked, red morocco label (slightly chipped) on spine. Estienne's critical edition of two manuscript glossaries (ca. 2nd-3rd century A.D.) discovered by him, the first Latin-Greek, the second Greek-Latin. The former "is among the best glossaries we have, full of rare, ancient learning..." The two glossaries are followed by Estienne's treatise on Greek dialectology in the form of a commentary on Johannes Gramaticus's and Corinthus's De dialectis, followed by large appendix in which Estienne ranges over a number of subjects not covered by them. This volume grew out of Estienne's research during his compilation of the Thesaurus linguae gracae, and hence is sometimes regarded as a supplement to the same. But actually "this important work ... is, in fact, an independent work" (Schreiber). "By far the greatest achievement of Henri Estienne was his truly monumental Thesaurus Graecae Linguae, which had been initiated by Robert Esteinne; the publication of this pioneer work marked the great event of Henri Estienne's career, as well as a highpoint in the annals of European scholarship. The Thesaurus has not yet been replaced, remaining to this day one of the essential instruments for the study of Greek" (Schreiber, p. 128). "Even more than with [Robert Estienne's] Thesaurus Latinus, there has to this day been no substitute for the Thesaurus Graecus" (see Printing & the Mind of Man, no. 62). Schreiber, no. 182; Renouard 135ff.; Adams S-1769.

      [Bookseller: Rulon-Miller Books ]
 10.   Check availability:     ABAA     Link/Print  


        Aller Bücher unnd Schrifften... Vom XVII. Jar an bis auff.... vom XLII. Jar an, bis auff seinen Christlichen Abschied aus diesem Leben, und dasselbe Jar vollend hinaus, bis auffs XLVII geschrieben, und in Druck ausgangen, Zum vierdten (und fünfften) mal gedruckt, allerding dem vorigen Druck gleich, An was nach ordnung der zeit etwas geendert ist. 8 Bde. + Index oder Register uber die Acht deudsche Tomos....gestellet durch D. Timotheum Kirchnerum.

      Ihna (Jena), Rebarts Erben (und Thobiam Steinmann), 1573-1598. Folio. Bound in 8 contemporary full pigskin, richly blindtooled. Luther portrait in center of the blindtooled decorations. 5 raised bands. Contemp. ms. titles on spines. Various grades of wear to spines and covers, but all intact. Some vols. with repairs to cornes and edges. With 53 (of 64) cornerpieces and 8 (of 16) clasps. Nearly all vols. having some wormholes to the first ca 10 leaves a. to the last ca. 5 leaves. Lower right corners of the first 10 leaves in nearly all vols. frayed. Volume 4 with some loss to these first ca. 10 leaves.. All titlepages printed in red/black and with a large woodcut (showing Luther praying before Christ) All 8 vols. having the large woodcut (as fol 2) with Luther sitting in the middle. In all ca. 8.800 pp.. A complete set of the so-called Jena-edition with Index and Register, bound together with vol. 8. - Index a. Register having its own titlepage dated 1592

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
 11.   Check availability:     Antikvariat     Link/Print  


        Resolutio theologorum inscriptum, cunctis in theologia proficere volentibus, maxime necessarium. pariis. chaudiere. 1573.

      In 16°, p. perg. , cc. nn. 16 + cc. n. 638 + cc. nn. 19. Capilettera. Carta e stampa fresche. Cop. sciolta e con mende (mancante anche di lembi al dorso). Antichi tarletti che raramente ledono alcune lettere. Fioriture. Alcune pag. sciolte, collazionato, risulta completo si evidenziano solo degli errori di stampa di numerazione di alcune pag.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Cicerone M.T.]
 12.   Check availability:     maremagnum.com     Link/Print  


        Le due deche dell' historia di sicilia. venezia, appresso domenico and gio. battista guerra, 1573.

      In 8°, pagg. (40), 919 con alcuni capilettera xilografici, testalini e due pagine con iscrizioni; legatura in piena pergamena floscia coeva con titolo manoscritto al dorso. "Nella prima deca: s'ha pienissima cognitione di tutti i luoghi della Riviera, e fra terra dell'Isola. Nella seconda, si contien tutto quello ch'è seguito in Sicilia, da' primi habitatori, per fino alla felicissima memoria di Carlo Quinto Imperatore. Con tre tavole, la prima de gli Autori citati nell'Historia: la seconda de' Capitoli, e la terza delle cose più notabili contenute in quella". Interessante e celebre storia siciliana di Tommaso Fazello (Sciacca 1498 - Palermo 1570), articolata in 20 libri e pubblicata per la prima volta in latino nel 1558 con il titolo "De rebus siculis decades dua", dopo anni di studi e di ricerche eseguite visitando tutta l'isola. La nostra è la prima edizione tradotta in lingua Toscana dal P. M. Remigio Fiorentino del medesimo Ordine. Opera considerata "strumento fondamentale di lavoro per gli studi sull'antica Sicilia" (cfr. Treccani). Assai rara. Timbro parzialmente sbiadito ed una macchietta di inchiostro al frontespizio. Per il resto fresco esemplare, ottima copia. Gamba 1390; Brunet 1198; Lozzi 5036; Treccani vol. XIV, pag. 919.

      [Bookseller: Biggio Giuseppina]
 13.   Check availability:     MareMagnum     Link/Print  


        Platonis cum Aristotele in universa philosophia comparatio.Qua hoc Commentario, in Alcinoi Institutionem ad eiusdem Platonis doctrinam, explicatur (+) Pars posterior Platonicae et Aristotelicae comparationis in universa Philosophia. Quae de animorum immortalitate, de fato et libero arbitrio disputationem continet, itemque explicationem eorum, quae ad philosophiam moralem pertinent.

      Parisiis, Iacobi du Puys, 1573. 4to. Bound in one near contemporary full vellum. Printers woodcut device to booth title pages. Ex-libris [Luigi Imolae, physician to Pope VII] pasted on to pasted down front free end paper. Title written in contemporary hand to upper part of spine. Names written in contemporary hand and crossed out, except for 'Livius' and 'Imolae', to first title page. Very light uniform browning to leaves. All in all a fine and clean copy. (87), 477, (11), 328, (4) pp.. First edition of Charpentier's famous comparison of Aristotle and Plato - one of the most thorough and important works of its kind - which came to influence the way that the Renaissance viewed the two great thinkers and their works. The work, which is profoundly anti-Ramist and also as such drew great attention, constitutes a fabulous determination of the joint legacy of Aristotle and Plato and is one of the works that best illustrates the nuanced basis of Renaissance scholarship and philosophy. It is a curious but generally accepted conception that with the rise of the Renaissance came the fall of Aristotle. It is a fact that with the recovery of many lost works of ancient literature, the widening of the range of classical studies and the renewed interest in Plato, Aristotle was no longer the sole authority on a huge number of fields, as he to a certain extent had been viewed during the Middle Ages. That this should mean a total ignorance of the teachings of Aristotle must be considered somewhat of a myth (though a very frequently repeated one), and in fact with the grand humanists of the late 15th and early 16th century, the study of Aristotle fits perfectly with the broader comprehension of scholarship. The idea of nearing the thought of Aristotle to that of Plato and vice-versa is something that understreams much original thought of the Renaissance, and Charpentier's work, which explicitly and thoroughly compares and reconciles the two great thinkers, gives us a fabulous insight into Renaissance thought, as it is rarely presented."It was published at Paris in 1573. Charpentier shows a knowledge of other writers in this tradition, namely Boethius, Bessarion, George Trebizond, Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Symphorien Champier, and Fox Morcillo, among others." (Riccardo Pozzo, "The Impact of Aristotelianism on Modern Philosophy", p. 20). Jacques Charpentier (1521-74), Professor of medicine and philosophy, Charles IX's physician, taught mathematics at the Collège de France and philosophy at the Collège de Bourgogne and was later appointed Rector of the University of Paris. He passionately defended Peripateticism and was renowned for his philosophical and religious intolerance. Despite his remarkable merits he is today perhaps best known for his feud with Petrus Ramus, French humanist and protestant convert with a liberal approach to Aristotelian teaching. In Ramus Charpentier saw the impact of Lorenzo Valla's criticism or Aristotle: "He thought that with Ramus the true idea of knowledge was in danger of eclipse", as expressed in the present work. Charpentier is often referred to as a Anti-Ramist due to his many - often fierce and personal - attacks on Ramus's teaching:"More intellectual provocative were three attacks by Jacques Charpentier. In 1551 as rector of the University Charpentier ruled that because Ramus did not teach the Aristotelian logic required by the statutes, his pupils could not enjoy the privileges of Paris university students. Rasmus appealed first to the assembly of regents of Philosophy and later to the Parliament of Paris. Before the Parliament Ramus outlined a programme of study in which grammar, rhetoric, and dialectic led first to natural and moral philosophy and later theology or law. He argued that his method of teaching avoided wasting time on scholastic technicalities and produced graduates who were better prepared for practical life. The effectiveness of this speech and the support of his patron helped him to avoid censure and obtain a royal lectureship." (Mack, A History of Renaissance Rhetoric 1380-1620, Pp. 153-4)."by 1565 he was leading opposition to the naming of Jacques Charpentier (no relation), a long-time adversary, to the royal chair of mathematics. Charpentier, who had by then succeeded Ramus as the Cardinal de Lorraine's protégé and who enjoyed Jesuit support, kept his chair; and Ramus, ever more threatened, in 1567 again fled Paris, taking refuge with the Prince de Condé." (DSB)

      [Bookseller: Lynge & Søn A/S]
 14.   Check availability:     Antikvariat     Link/Print  

______________________________________________________________________________


      Home     Wants Manager     Library Search     562 Years   Links     Contact      Search Help      Terms of Service     


Copyright © 2018 viaLibri™ Limited. All rights reserved.