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Displayed below are some selected recent viaLibri matches for books published in 1543

        The Grounde of Artes: teaching the work and practise of arithmetike, bothe in whole numbers and fractions, after a more easyer and exacter sorte than any like hath hitherto bin sette foorthe ... And now of late diligently ouerseene and augmented with new and necessarie additions. I.D. [John Dee].London: John Harison, 1579.

      A very rare and early edition of 'the first commercial arithmetic of any note used in the English schools' (Smith), by 'the founder of the English school of mathematical writers' (DSB). Only one other complete copy of this issue is known (see below). All sixteenth-century editions of this book are rare.<br/><br/> 'Recorde is primarily remembered for his mathematical texts. His first publication was his most basic and popular, The Grounde of Artes (1543), an elementary introduction to arithmetic written in dialogue form. After several reissues, the book was enlarged in 1552 with a new dedication to Edward VI which draws on Recorde's mint experience ... After Recorde's death the Grounde was edited first by John Dee and then by a string of successors, passing through at least forty-five editions up to 1699 ... Recorde's works were intended as an accessible and readable introduction to mathematics, rather than a repository of elevated or novel results. His preferred dialogue form and choice of the vernacular were meant to render a previously forbidding subject familiar to all, especially those unskilful in Latin. His concern with pedagogical order and his own experience of teaching led him to emphasize the presentation of propositions over the proof of their validity; he believed that students could more readily grasp the subject if the exposition of results was separated from demonstration' (ODNB). <br/><br/> "The first edition (1543) dealt only with whole numbers, covering the fundamental operations, reduction, progression, golden rule and counter reckoning. In 1552 it was enlarged to include the same operations with fractions, and false position and alligation" (DSB). The first edition edited by Dee appeared in 1561, three years after Recorde's death. Initially he made few changes, but in 1570 he added two sections on foreign exchange after Recorde's final section on false position. The first gives "The Valuation of Englishe, Flemishe and French mony, and how each of them may ne brought to other value"; the second, "The equalitie or valuation, weyghtes, and measures of sundry Countries and towns", compares the widely varying standards of length and weight of some 15 English and Continental towns. Further discussion of commercial practice appeared in editions prepared by other editors from 1582 onwards. <br/><br/> The Grounde of Artes was the first of a series of mathematical books which were published in the order in which Recorde intended them to be studied. It was followed by The Pathway to Knowledge (1551), a translation and rearrangement of the first four books of Euclid's Elements; The Castle of Knowledge (1556), an elementary Ptolemaic astronomy with brief references to Copernicus; and The Whetstone of Witte, which treats elementary algebra through quadratic equations. "In England,... his books remained the standard texts throughout the Elizabethan period. A generation of English scientists, especially the non-university men, stated that Recorde's books had been their first tutors in the mathematical sciences. The excellence of the English school of mathematical practitioners, fostered by growing geographical interests, has been attributed to the high quality of the vernacular movement in applied science begun by Recorde" (ibid.). <br/><br/> There are two variants of this edition. Both have the colophon with the joint imprint of Henry Binneman and Harison, and the date 1577; the other variant has Binneman's name only on the title-page. Only one other complete copy of the present issue is known (Princeton); BL holds a 'copy' with the title leaf only. Three copies of the other issue are recorded: Columbia, National Library of Wales, and UCL (imperfect). Remarking on the date at the colophon, Smith states 'this is therefore one of the cases where a large edition was printed, and a new title-page was added from year to year as necessary. This [Binneman] edition is more rare than the date would suggest.' Binneman and Harison first issued the book in 1575, and again in 1582, but no edition of 1577 is recorded. <br/><br/> Provenance: Contemporary ownership inscription of Matth. Francis, and a curious 17th-century inscription on rear end leaf 'Man was not born for himself but for service of gods John Aldersey Not his Booke April'. <br/><br/> DSB XI, 338-9; ESTC 20801.7; Smith, Rara Arithmetica, p. 217 (for the Binneman issue). For an account of the evolution of the text see J. B. Easton, 'The Early Editions of Robert Recorde's Ground of Artes,' in Isis, 58 (1967), 515-532.. Small 8vo, pp. [502], with woodcut initials, one full-page woodcut illustration, numerous diagrams and complex typesetting in the text, woodcut printer's device at colophon (see below). Contemporary blind-panelled calf, fleurons at corners (traces of gilt), central medallion, remains of ties, endleaves of printer's waste (the front endpapers are a bifolium from Thomas Becon's Reliques of Rome (John Daye, 1561), the rear endpapers are an unidentified rubricated Latin text) (binding worn, small piece missing from head of spine and top outer corner of lower cover, lacking final blank, some damp-staining and soiling, a couple of gatherings misbound). A very good, unsophisticated copy, untouched in its original binding

      [Bookseller: Sophia Rare Books]
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        Clariss.

      imperialis urbis Lubeci chronicorum libri tres ab Hermanno Bonno primùm Germanicè notati, de inde à doct. Iustino Goblero Goarino iurecons, in Latinum versi, & iam recens euulgati. Una cum orationibus duabus eiusdem d. Iustini Gobleri in obitum illustriss, principis Erici senioris ducis Brunsuicensis, &c. Basel, Barth. Vuesthemeri, sumptibus Ioannis Oporini, 1543. 8vo. (16),+ 96, 67-193,+ (1) pp. With wood cut initials. Title page with paper repair at lower margin, leaf m (pp.141-142) with repair. Minor foxing. Fine modern full calf with richly gilt spine with red label, boards with gilt borders and gilt inner bordures, gilt edges (G. Hedberg). Adams B2456. VD16:B6621. First latin edition, the first German appeard in 1539. Hermann Bonnus (1504-48) was a thelogist and lutheran reforme. In 1525 he was a teatcher in Greifswald, and from 1530 superintendant in Lübeck The latin translation is made by Justin Gobler of St. Goar (+1567)

      [Bookseller: Centralantikvariatet]
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