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OZAR HASHORASHIM (Otzar) - Ben-Zeev, Juda Loeb (1764-1811) - 1817. 
Anton Schmid, Vienna, Wien 1817 - First title page damaged. Frontispiece pasted on verso of first title page. Parts 2 and 3 have their individual title pages. While title pages of parts 2 and 3 give the 1816 date, the preface has a Hebrew date equivalent to 1817. This is the second edition, which was published a few years after his early death. 181, 269, 120 leaves = 570 leaves = 1,140 pages. 20th century damages binding. Judah Leib Ben-Zeev (August 18, 1764 - February 17, 1811 ), linguist , scholar and promoter of the Hebrew language, he wrote the first textbooks for Hebrew grammar and was the first to deal critically with the study of the Pentateuch and the Talmud. He belonged to the first generation of the Jewish Enlightenment. As a child he received religious education. At the age of thirteen he married Riesel and as was common back then, he lived with his father in law, in Krakow for three years, during which time he studied secretly the rest of the Bible, not just the Five Books of Moses, and also Hebrew grammar and science, all this despite opposition from his wife and father in law. In 1780, when the economic situation of his father in-law deteriorated, he moved to towns near Krakow. In 1787, a year after the death of Moses Mendelssohn, he settled in Berlin and joined the circle of the Measfim "the assemblers", who were the first Maskilim who published the journal "BaMeasef." He published several articles and poems in the Measef and sought to demonstrate that Hebrew can be used for everyday needs in the modern world. He also wrote pornographic poem that no one dared to print until the twentieth century. It passed from hand to hand for generations in manuscript copies. After spending three years in Berlin, he returned to his wife to Krakow, but devout Jews viewed him as a heretic. He moved to Breslau, where he stayed for ten years, working in a print shop, which also printed some of his books. Then he returned to Krakow, where he divorced his wife, who disapproved of hi views. In 1799 he moved to Vienna, where he worked as a proofreader and editor in the press of Hrasntzki (in 1799-1804) and Anton Schmid (in 1804-1811). He was only 47 years old when he died. The importance of Ben-Zeev, the history of education and literature is in several areas: He first wrote Hebrew grammar textbooks, and greatly influenced the way the Hebrew language was studied. He was among the first to do research critical of the Bible and Talmud. Ben-Ze'ev was regarded by traditionalists, especially the Hasidim, throughout the 19th century as the prototype of the educated heretic. [Attributes: Hard Cover]
[Bookseller: Meir Turner]
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