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Photograph Collection Documenting the 13th - Unidentified Photographer - 1916. 
Columbus, New Mexico, 1916. Photographs. Very Good. A collection of 10 photographs showing F Troop of the 13th Cavalry Regiment on the Mexican Border in the vicinity of Columbus, New Mexico sometime between 1912 and 1921. Photographs are backstamped, "Fox-Tone/Print/Fox Co./San Antonio, Tex." A unique collection of scarce photographs showing early 20th century cavalry life on the Mexican border. The 13th Cavalry was assigned to the Army's El Paso Border Patrol in 1912 and headquartered at Columbus, New Mexico. Its patrol area covered about 65 miles of the border between the towns of Noria in the east and Hermanas in the west. The regiment was truly a field unit, and no buildings were constructed for its use until late in 1914. F Troop was initially stationed at Culbertson's Ranch on the Mexican border, fifty miles south of Hachita, however by early 1916 it had relocated to Columbus to join with the Headquarters and six other regimental troops. On 9 March 1916, Pancho Villa launched a surprise raid on Columbus with a force of well over 500 horsemen in an attempt to steal money, supplies, horses, and arms for his revolutionary Army of the North. Although the Villistas were initially successful, the 13th Cavalry and armed townsfolk soon repulsed the Mexicans who retreated back across the border to what they presumed to be a safe haven. Unfortunately for the Villistas, two of the regiment's troops (as in company-size cavalry units and not individual soldiers) disregarded the standing rules of engagement and charged into Mexico in hot pursuit, caught the fleeing force after a chase of fifteen miles, and inflicted heavy casualties upon it. Within a week, General Pershing (who had been stationed at El Paso) organized an expeditionary force of 10,000 including the 13th Cavalry and launched an eleven-month campaign 350 miles deep into Mexico. Although Villa was not captured, Pershing's force destroyed the operational capability of his army and secured the border. Following the expedition, the 13th Cavalry returned to its garrison in Columbus. Five of these photographs show F Troop in various mounted formations. Two of the photographs show the troop's mules and supply wagon, and one photograph shows the troop engaged in mounted marksmanship training. The collection includes two additional Real Photo Postcards of I Troop of the 2nd Cavalry Regiment, which patrolled the border between El Paso and Presidio, Texas.
[Bookseller: Read 'Em Again Books, ABAA ]
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