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Vida, e acçoens d'ElRey Dom João I. Offerecida - MENESES, D. Fernando de, 2.º Co - 1677. [1276903]
Lisbon, Na Officina de João Galrão, a custa de Miguel Manescal, 1677. - 4°, mid-nineteenth-century tree sheep (minor worm damage to front cover; other slight wear), smooth spine gilt in romantic style with green morocco lettering piece at center, short-title lettered in gilt, marbled endleaves, text block edges sprinkled blue-green. Title page in red and black, with woodcut Portuguese royal arms. Woodcut initials, head- and tailpieces. Typographical headpieces. Light stains at inner margins of final 3 leaves. Very small worm trace in upper inner blank margin of 12 leaves (X5-Y8), never affecting text. Overall in good condition. Old purple stamp of the Duke of Palmela, the monogram beneath a ducal coronet, in blank portion of title page. Signature of a later owner in ink below the stamp. Small square blue-on-white printed ticket of Livraria Olisipo, Lisboa, in upper outer corner of front pastedown endleaf. (32 ll.), 427 pp. Pages 35-48 numbered 34-47. *** FIRST and ONLY EDITION. Twenty-four of the 32 preliminary leaves are occupied by a substantial dedication to the late D. Theodosio (1634-1653), 1st Prince of Brazil and 10th Duke of Bragança, the promising eldest son of D. João IV, who had tragically predeceased his father.D. João I (1357-1433), the subject of this biography, was born in Lisbon, the natural son of King Pedro I of Portugal by a woman named Teresa Lourenço, who, according to the royal chronicler Fernão Lopes, was a noblewoman of Galicia. In 1364, D. João was created Grand Master of the Order of Aviz. When D. João's half-brother, Ferdinand I of Portugal, died in October 1383 without a male heir, efforts were made to secure the succession for Ferdinand's only daughter, Princess Beatrice of Portugal. As heiress presumptive, Beatrice had married king Juan I of Castile, but popular sentiment was against this arrangement. The 1383-1385 Crisis followed - a period of political anarchy when no monarch ruled the country.On 6 April 1385, the Portuguese Côrtes met in Coimbra and declared D. João, the Master of Aviz, to be king of Portugal. This was followed over the next two months by the liberation of almost all of the Minho, as part of a war against Castile's claims to the Portuguese throne. Soon afterwards, Juan I of Castile again invaded Portugal. He was accompanied by French allied cavalry. English troops and generals took the side of João of Aviz, as part of the Hundred Years' War. D. João and his constable Nuno Álvares Pereira repelled the Spanish and French forces at the Battle of Aljubarrota on 14 August 1385 - a precursor to the Battle of Agincourt, at which English archers destroyed the French cavalry. The stability of the Portuguese throne was thus secured.In February 1387, D. João I married Philippa of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt, who had proved to be a worthy ally. The marriage consolidated an Anglo-Portuguese Alliance that endures to the present day.The most significant later military actions D. João's reign were the siege and conquest of the city of Ceuta in 1415, and the successful defense of Ceuta from a Moroccan counterattack in 1419. These measures were intended to help the Portuguese control navigation off the African coast and trade routes from the interior of Africa. Under the auspices of of D. João's son, Prince Henry the Navigator, voyages were organized to explore the African coast. These led to the discovery of the uninhabited islands of Madeira in 1417 and the Azores in 1427: all were claimed by the Portuguese crown.Contemporaneous writers describe D. João as a man of wit who was very keen on concentrating power on himself, but at the same time possessed a benevolent and kind demeanor. His youthful education as master of a religious order made him an unusually learned king for the Middle Ages. He passed on his love for knowledge and culture to his sons, who are often referred to collectively by Portuguese historians as the "illustrious generation" (Ínclita Geração): D. Duarte, the future king, was a poet and a writer; D. Pedro, the duke of Coimbra, was one o [Attributes: First Edition; Hard Cover]
      [Bookseller: Richard C. Ramer Old and Rare Books]
Last Found On: 2016-11-29           Check availability:      AbeBooks    

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