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Arithmetica Universalis: sive De Compositione - [NEWTON, Isaac] - 1707. 
4 p.l., 343 pp. 8vo, fine antique panelled calf (faint & unimportant dampstaining in gutter to first & final few leaves), spine gilt, red morocco lettering piece on spine. Cambridge: Typis Academicis; London: B. Tooke, 1707. First edition of what I believe to be the scarcest of all of Newton's books on the market. This was, in the 18th century, the most popular mathematical work by Newton, being reprinted a number of times both on the Continent and in England. Newton compiled the Universal Arithmetic in a "cavalier fashion by plundering the papers connected with his Observations on Kinckhuysen early in the 1670s. Since things Newton touched had a way of turning to gold, the work did not merely summarize algebra but advanced the science - in its analysis of imaginary roots, for example. Leibniz reviewed the published work anonymously in the Acta eruditorum in highly laudatory terms [in 1708]."-Westfall, Never at Rest. A Biography of Isaac Newton, p. 398. Newton's disciple and successor in the Lucasian chair at Cambridge, William Whiston, edited and published the present work. The book also contains Halley's "Method of finding Roots of Equations Arithmetically," which was originally published in the Philosophical Transactions of 1694. This is the first time I have handled this book. Over the years, I have had, with the exception of this book, all of Newton's printed publications. This book is truly uncommon. Very good copy. Stamp on title of Stonyhurst College. ? Babson 199.
[Bookseller: Jonathan A. Hill, Bookseller, Inc.]
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