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Lezgins - HORSCHELT, Theodor - 1858. 
- 1863 and 1867 1858 - Pen and watercolour on paper (30.5 x 21 cm), highlighted in gum arabic, pasted on contemporary card and mounted (55 x 37.5 cm); two small marginal tears to watercolour with one partly repaired. Here offered with an engraving after the original drawing (37.8 x 28 cm), 1867, mounted; repaired tear in upper margin. An original drawing by the German born artist showing a group of six Lezgins crossing the Caucasian mountains. The image was made famous by Lev Dmitriev-Kavkazskiy, whose engraving after the original was awarded a large silver medal by the Imperial Academy of Arts in 1873. Theodor Horschelt (18291871) probably made the sketch between 1858 and 1863 when he fought on the Russian side in the Caucasus War, having volunteered to join the staff of General Baryatinskiy. Soon after his arrival to Caucasus in 1858, the artist joined an expedition against the Lezgins. The following year, he was part of a military campaign in Chechnya and participated in an attack on the headquarters of Imam Shamil. For his bravery, Horschelt was honoured with the Grand Cross Star of the Order of Saint Stanislaus and a medal of the Order of St. Anna. It was for drawings of this period that Horschelt was elected to the Russian Academy of Fine Arts. The drawing comes from a private collection of Sarkis Boghossian and was published in his monumental work "Armenian Iconography" that gathers ____ prints and drawings on the subject. Boghossian's biography resembles a thriller novel. Born in 1921 in a small Armenian village in today's Turkey, Boghossian was taken to Marseille at the age of six by his family that fled famine and oppression. Passionate about art, poetry and Armenian culture, he chose a career of bookseller. In 1967 Boghossian opened a rare bookshop in Paris, "Le XIXe siècle", specialising in rare books and engravings related to Armenia. In autumn 1998 the French booksellers' community woke up to shocking news that Boghossian had been found dead in his Parisian flat, tortured and murdered, with a number of valuable books missing from the apartment. Police quickly traced the murderer, who, however, hardly resembled the idea one may have of an assassin. He was a French bookseller of Turkish origin and a renowned scholar with a PhD from Sorbonne specialising in Ottoman and Armenian history. He was apparently in dispute with Boghossian over a number of rare books that the latter kept as a guarantee against a cash loan. The bookseller was arrested and subsequently sentenced to 19 years in prison just when he was due to give a lecture at a conference in Nice titled "The Armenian merchants in the Mediterranean in the eighteenth century". Sarkis Boghossian "Armenian Iconography I" reproduces No. 651 and 652 p.468 - Paris, 1987; Razitta Gadzhikhanova, Dagestanskiy kostium (Epokha, Makhachkala, 2010), p. 151.
[Bookseller: Shapero Rare Books]
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