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Directorio, que se deve observar nas povoaçoens - Furtado, Francisco Xavier de - 1758. [1273354]
[Lisboa]: Na officina de Miguel Rodrigues, impressor do Eminentissimo Senhor Cardeal Patriarca, 1758. First edition. Removed. Near fine, inked page numbers in upper right corner, lower corner of first leaf with a faint crease.. [2], 41, [1] pp. Illus. with Portuguese coat of arms on title page. "A rare and interesting document which outlines the regulations for the administration of Indian missions in Para and Maranha? following the secularization of the missions by the Portuguese Crown" (Lilly Library). Dated 3 de Mayo de 1757 and signed: Francisco Xavier de Mendoça Furtado [governador], followed by the Alvará dated 17 de Agosto de 1758 and signed: Sebastia? Joseph de Carvalho e Mello. The original law to abolish Indian slavery in Pará and Maranha? was passed June 6, 1755, but Pombal, who had seen to its passing, and his half-brother, Furtado, "immediately began to worry... that the Indians would revert to their primitive laziness." Instead of working for the colonists or the state they would be more concerned with their families. Thus Governor Furtado did not bother to published the law until two years later in this document in 1757 where he added this new system, Directorio de Indios, which placed a white director into each native village, directors who would supposedly teach the Indians to be civilized and encourage commerce, promote intermarriage between Indians and Portuguese, and lead them to become rich Christians. "In return for supposed teaching the Indians the Portuguese language, European methods of farming and trade, and domestic skills, the directors were to handle all the commercial transactions of their charges and were to receive 17 per cent of any gross income...[in addition to a 10 percent state tax... and furthermore]... all Indian males aged between thirteen and 60 were still required to work on 'public works' and to spend half of each year working for the colonists... Observers in Brazil immediately warned that such appalling legislation would lead to disaster," Leslie Bethel, "Colonial Brazil" (Cambridge, 1987; pp., 187-8). The provisions were later extended to all Amerindians in Brazil. Only one at auction since 1980. Rodrigues 883. Borba de Moraes I, p 226. Gauz: Portuguese and Brazilian Books in the John Carter Brown Library 758/4. Lilly Library: Brazil from Discovery to Independence 14.
      [Bookseller: Kaaterskill Books, ABAA/ILAB]
Last Found On: 2016-11-26           Check availability:      Biblio    

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