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Aristotle on Metaphysics by Jesuit Scholar - 1730 - Scarce Manuscript on Metaphy - 1730. 
Rome, 1730. Manuscript transcript of a cerebral and notable lecture on Aristotle's Metaphysica, made and given by philosophical teacher and Jesuit priest Father Jean Antoine Timoni (1690-1761), penned in a fine cursive hand by Timoni's pupil Joseph Lupius de Margon at the Roman College. Text is in Latin. 8vo. 677 pages, plus 7 page index, on laid watermarked paper. Brown calf boards, five raised bands and elaborate gilt tooling to spine, gilt title to spine, marbled edges and marbled endpapers. Volume measures approximately 14 x 20 x 4,5 cm. An exceedingly scarce primary source document. "Bibliothèque de la Compagnie de Jésus", by renowned bibliographer and Belgian Jesuit Augustin de Backer and French Jesuit scholar Carlos Sommervögel, records only one printed version of this lecture. However, a devoted and little-known eighteenth century student at the Roman College for Jesuits, attentively and meticulously transcribed the dissertation given in 1730 at the Collegio del Gesù in Rome by a distinguished Jesuit philosopher, teacher and lecturer, Father Jean Antoine Timoni (1690-1761), bestowing upon us a rare survivor of the era, and an excellent primary source manuscript work. Title: "Pars Prima Metaphysica ad mentem Aristotely et Angelici doctory Divi Thoma Aquinaty Dictata A Lectore Plurimum Ado Patie Joanne Antonio Timoni Societatiy Jesu In Celebérino Collegio Romano Philosophie Lectore Conscripts A Josepho Lupiy de Margon Alumno Coll: Germa: Anno MDCCXXX". [On Metaphysics and the Mind-set of Aristotle and Virtuous Doctor Thomas Aquinas, Given by Joanne Antonio Timoni of the Society of Jesus, in the Most Celebrated Roman College, a Philosophical Lecture Transcribed by Alumni Josepho Lupiy de Margon, ... 1730.] In this comprehensive lecture Timoni presents intellectual perspectives surrounding metaphysics, in other words, existence, environment, possibility, and all related aspects of the concept of 'being.' He presents the early and fascinating views of Aristotle, and also of thirteenth century priest Thomas Aquinas who supported Aristotle in his theories. Twelve pertinent "questions" are discussed, and for all intents and purposes answered, with the philosophical positions of the two aforementioned men whose writings were highly respected and compatible with the canonical teachings of the Catholic faith. Priest Jean Antoine Timoni (1690-1761), also seen as Johann Anton Timoni, Joanne Antonio Timoni) was born on the Greek island of Chios. He joined the Society of Jesus in Rome in 1706 as a novice. As a teacher, and sometimes also as a rector, he held regular philological and philosophical lectures at the prestigious Collegio del Gesù [Roman College of the Jesuits) situated in the Pigna District of Rome. Timoni contributed significantly to the education of novice members of the religious order. He was made vicar in 1757. He approved the publication of the work on Asceticism by Scaramelli, "Direttorio Ascetico," after having it reviewed by a committee of theologians. He continued to lecture and teach until his death. A fine and rare specimen of novitiate education at the Jesuit College in Rome in the 18th century. St Thomas Aquinas O.P. (1225-1274), Tommaso d'Aquino, was an Italian Dominican friar, Catholic priest, and Doctor of the Church. He was an immensely influential philosopher, theologian, and jurist in the tradition of scholasticism, within which he is also known as the Doctor Angelicus and the Doctor Communis. He was the foremost classical proponent of natural theology and the father of Thomism. His influence on Western thought is considerable, and much of modern philosophy developed or opposed his ideas, particularly in the areas of ethics, natural law, metaphysics, and political theory. Unlike many currents in the Church of the time, Thomas embraced several ideas put forward by Aristotle, whom he called "the Philosopher. "He attempted to synthesize Aristotelian philosophy with the principles of Christianity. The works for which he is best known are the Summa Theologiae and the Summa contra Gentiles. His commentaries on Scripture and on Aristotle form an important part of his body of work. Greek philosopher and scientist Aristotle (384-322 BC) wrote on numerous subjects, many subjects, including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theater, music, rhetoric, linguistics, politics and government. His work constitutes the first comprehensive system of Western philosophy. In metaphysics, Aristotelianism profoundly influenced Judeo-Islamic philosophical and theological thought during the Middle Ages. It continued to influence Christian theology, especially the Neoplatonism of the Early Church and the scholastic tradition of the Roman Catholic Church. Aristotle was well known among medieval Muslim intellectuals and revered as "The First Teacher." Aristotle's philosophies continue to be the object of active academic study today.
[Bookseller: Voyager Press Rare Books & Manuscripts]
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