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Summa de Arithmetica, Geometria, Proportioni - PACIOLI, Luca - 1523. 
Title & A1r printed in red & black within ornamental strapwork woodcut borders, woodcut initials, & numerous woodcut diagrams in the margins including depictions of barrels, sacks, & weighing instruments. 8 p.l., 224 leaves; 76 leaves. Two parts in one vol. Small folio (313 x 220 mm.), early 19th-century vellum-backed marbled boards (occasional minor dampstaining or browning). Toscolano: Paganino de' Paganini, 20 December 1523. Second edition, the reprint of the extremely rare first edition of 1494, "the earliest printed book to treat algebra comprehensively. An important volume in that it contains the theories of Leonardo Fibonacci of Pisa (ca. 1170-1250), whose works transmitted Hindu-Arabic numerals and theories to the West and thus marked the beginning of the mathematical renaissance. It discusses double-entry bookkeeping and presents methods of accountancy that have stood the test of centuries. In includes part of the text of the Libro che tratta di mercanzie of Chiarini, first printed at Florence in 1481; and the influential theories of perspective advanced by Pacioli's former teacher, Piero della Francesca (ca.1416-1492)."-Stillwell, The Awakening Interest in Science during the First Century of Printing, 203-(describing the 1st ed.). This is a most handsomely illustrated book. The first leaf of text has a large woodcut initial "L" depicting Pacioli standing with a book before him and a pair of compasses in his hand. On leaf E4v there is a full-page chart of hands showing the position of the fingers to signify numbers. This block is from the 1494 edition. The famous full-page woodcut "tree of proportion," printed in red and black on leaf L2r, is taken from Pacioli's Divina Proportione. The woodcuts in the margins depict mathematical and geometrical figures and measuring and weighing instruments. A very good and extremely large copy of this book with many outer and lower edges uncut. Most copies of this book have been cut down by the binder's knife so that the two fine full-page woodcut borders are trimmed or cropped. In our copy, there are ample margins around all four sides of both and none of the marginal woodcuts are touched. Early signature on title: "Ad usum Alexandri a Purificatione Scholarum Piarum." With some marginal annotations in two early hands. ? Smith, Rara Arithmetica, p. 58. Tomash P2.
[Bookseller: Jonathan A. Hill, Bookseller, Inc.]
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